Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909, October 14, 1904, Page 3, Image 3

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    LARGEST EVER
BattleshiD Nebraska Added
m
to American Navy.
IS SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHED
Tullv 50.000 People' Viewed the
Ceremonies Christened by Miss
Mickey, Governor's Daughter.
Seattle, Oct. 8. The battleship Ne
braska, destined to be one of the finest
fighting machines afloat and already
showing in every detail that she will
come up to expectations, slid gracefully
into the water promptly at two minutes
after 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon
The great mass of nearly 15,000,000
pounds of steel moved down the ways
as easilv and noiselessly as though it
were only a diminutive fishing schooner,
instead of one of the largest battleships
in the world.
The statement that she moved noise
lessly may be difficult to prove, for
lied lam broke 'oi-e almost simultaneous
ly with the Nebraska and wild cheer
ing from 40,000 throats drowred the
music of half a dozen bands and made
the roar of the big cannon on the Unit
ed States monitor Wyoming seem faint
and far away. Taking up the refrain,
whose key wa9 pitched under the build
ing phedd of the yards every steam
whittle between Ballard and Black
river turned loose and hundreds of craft
ranging in size from giant steamships
down to launches and every locomotive
on the water front added to the music
with whistle and bell.
fully 60,000 people viewed the cere
monies and saw the big vessel slip into
the water. She created but a very
small wave as she took her maiden
plunge, and floated out gently and
gracefully. Naval men who viewed the
launching tated that it was the most
successful they ever saw.
Miss Mary Nain Mickey, daughter of
the governor of Nebraska, christened
the veesel. .
CLARK, INNOCENT PURCHASER.
Title Disputed to Land Grants Ac
quired fraudulently.
San Francicso, Oct. 1C. The case of
the United States against b'enator Wil
liam A Clark, was argued today before
the ciicuit court of appeals. It came
before this bench on an appeal irom
the circuit court for the district of
Montana.
Ihe action is brought to annul 82
land grants under which Clark claims
title to timber lands tithin the state
of Montana, on the groui 1 of alleged
frauds committed by the , a 'en tees in
securing the same.
It is charged that the patenli were
secured under the direction of Rr ert
M. Cobban, who laler transferred the
land to Clark. Cobban is alleged to
have first examined the lands and then
hired persons to enter them under the
stone and timber act, agreeing to pay
them for their services, to defray all
their expenses and furnish the pur
chase price of the lands.
The lower court held that, on such a
state of facts, Clark, the innocent pur
chaser for a valuable consideiation,
acquired a valid title. The govern
nieut took the matter on a writ oi er
ror to the circuit court of appeals.
ALASKA CABLE COMPLETED.
Acting Governor Distin Announces
Event by Message.
Seattle, Oct. 10. telegraphic com
munication has now been established
between the states and all parts of
Alaska At 7:47 o'clock this af'er
noon the following official n essage was
received here, announcing the opening
-of the line:
SitKa, Alaska, Oct. 8, 1904. The
newspapers of Seattle and the Associ
ated Press: The completion of the
government cable from Valdez to Sitka,
making a complete connection by an
all-American line with 46 stations in
Alaska, i the beginning of a new era
for Alat-ka. Wagou roads and rail
ways will open up the greatest mining
center of the world. Other industries
will quickly follow and insure this
country's future prosperity. William
L. Distin, acting governor of Alaska."
Blockade-Runner Captured.
Tokio, Oct. 10. The Port Arthur
blockading fleet has captured a junk
laden with provisions. The junk was
endeavoring to enter the harbor. The
statements of the crew and evidence
found aboard the junk indicate the
existence of a fleet of 80 junks organ
ized to run the blockade from the vi
cinity of Teingtau. Despite the vigi
lence of the blockading fleet, many
junks reach the Russian lines at a num
ler of lauding places on the lower end
of the peninsula. The junks enter at
nisjht.
Railroad to Be Electrified.
New York, Oct. 10. About 100
miles of the Long island railroad sys
tem will be equipped with elcetricity,
it is staled, and be ready for operation
with that power early next spring.
Ultimate"y it will be possible for a per
son to take train at the Pennsylvania
station, to be built in the heart of
Manhattan, and ride without a change
of cars or motive power to Manhattan
Beach, Rockaway Beach, Far Rock
away, Averne or intermediate points.
Russian Troops in Good Health.
Moscow, Oct. 10. Professor Golo
win, of the Red Cross society, who has
just returned here fiom the front, re
ports the health and general condition
of the troops are remarkably good.
There are no epidemics, and no very
serious disease, the prevailing com
plaints being a light form of stomach
typhus and dysentery.
PLEA NOT IN VAIN.
America Gains Another Victory in
Russian Court. .
St. Petersburg, Oct. 8. Contrary
to general expectations, the represen
tations submitted to Russia by the
United States for the recognition, with
out ciiscnminaton, of American pass
port? have not been entirely fruitless
Foreign Minister La rrsdorff's response
communicated to Ambassador McCor
mick today, even creates the hope that
something may actually be accomp
lished. '
After receiving consideration at the
foreign, office, the American not) was
referred to the high comission for gen
eral revision of "passport laws, which
was created by imperial ukase, in De
cember, 1903. All matters relating to
passports and the exclusion of the Jews
are governed by the international laws
of the empire, and the question is out
side of the direct field of diplomatic
negotiation. By referring the iepre
eeiitation of the United States, compli
ance with wnich would involve a modi
ncation of the passport laws, to the
commission, which body is competent
to act thereon, a decisonof the question
may be directly reached.
An official of the foreign office has
been appointed by Count Lamsdorff to
sit with the commssion, thus insuring
consideration of the international as
pect of the question. Moreover, the
commission will sit under the diiection
of the minister of the interior and Am
bassador McCormick, who had an ex
tended talk with Prince Sviatopolk
Musky, the minister of the interior.
upon the subject this afternoon, found
him, as might have been expected from
his recent public utterances, quite
sympathetic.
AUTO PLUNGES OVER BANK.
Train Strikes the Wreckage and
Three People are Killed.
New York, Oct. 8. While speeding
along in the Bronx early this morning
an automobile containing nine persons
went off an embankment at One Hun
dred and Sixty-first street and Jerome
avenue and two pertons, a man and
woman, were kille I The machine fell
on to the New rrk Central tracks,
and the wreckage was struck bva south
bound train.
In the automobile when the accident
occurred were five women and four
men. At Jerome avenue and One Hun
dred and Sixty-first street the roadway
is between 30 and 40 feet above the
railroad tracks. When the big ma
chine plunged downward it struck near
the southbound tracks, and the nine
persons and the automobile were caught
by an incoming train.
Besides the two killed, all the others
in the automobile were injured. They
were taken to the Fordham hospital,
where it was reported at 1:30 this
morning that at least four of those hurt
were in a serious condition.
One of the passengers on the train
said that the train was running about
35 .miles an hour when it struck the
machine. TJ" machine was a heavy
touring car, and i' i. said was running
down Jerome avenr". ft a rapid rate of
speed.
STATION POR COLUMBIA.
Navy Department Is Pushing Estab
lishment of Wireless Telegraphy.
Washington, Oct. 8. Admiral Man
ney, chief of the buieau of the equip
ment of the navy department, has teen
pushing w ith great energy the estab
lishment of wireless stations for naval
and general maritime use. A report
addressed by him to the secretary of
the navy tome time ago, but just made
public, shows the bureau already has
established 22 stations along the coast.
Among the stations to be established
are the following: San Diego, San
Pedro, Point Conception, Point Sur,
r'oint Arenas, Cape Mendicino, Cape
Blanco, Columbia river, Cape Flattery,
Port Townsend, Bremerton, Washing
ton, Sitka, Dutch Harbor, Kiska is
land, Honolulu, Midway islands,
Guam, Tutuila, Cape Bojeador, Point
Piedras, Capoes, Ologapo, San Bernar
dino, Port Subig, Port Cebu, Point
labuna, Iloilo. Susla Straits.
Chairman Tawney Coming.
Portland, Oct. 8. James Tawney,
chairman of the exposition committee of
the United States congress, is to visit
Portland next summer to attend the
Lewis and Clark exposition. Mr.
Tawney will be remembered as the con
gressman who stood by the Oregon del
egation at the time the exposition ap
propriation bill was brought up, and
he is in a large measure responsible
for the passage of the bill. Word of
his intended visit was received yester
day by President Myers, of the state
com 188 ion.
May Have Robbed Attaches.
St. Petersburg, Oct. 8 The French
embassy here has received informtion
that two Chinamen have been ai rested
at Chefoo while trying to exchange $2,
000 in Fiench and German notes, be
lieved to have been stolen from Lieu
tenat de Cuveryitle and Captain von
Gilgenheim, respectively the French
and German naval attaches at Port
Arthur, who have mysteriously disap
peared. A local paper intimates that
the Japanese are the real culprits.
Deathblow to Bullfighting in Spain.
Madrid, Oct. 8. The Institute of
Social Reforms, after a heated discus
sion today, decided by 13 votes to eight
to ratifv the absolute prohibition of
Sum" ay buH figlt ng. This is consid
ered to be the death blow to bull fight
ing in Spain.
EIGHT AT SEA
Russian fleet at Port Arthur
Ventures Out.
FORT IS EXPECTED TO GIVE UP
Opinion Based on Assertions That
Squadron Would Make no Sortie
Until Hope Was Gone.
Tokio, Oct. 7. Tokio "has advices
that late yesterday evening a naval bat
tie had occurred at Port Arthur. While
no details are obtainable other than
that the fight is said to have followed a
sortie on the part of the Russian squad
ron, the belief prevails that there can
be no doubt as to the outcome. The
Russian vessels, as is well known, are
in no condition to meet Admiral Togo's
we'l-equipped and thoroughly repaired
fleet. In addition to this, the Rus
sians are greatly inferior in numbers
A sortie at this time by the Russian
fleet would have peculiar significance,
as it would indicate the land forces
found their petition had become unten
able, and the fall of the stronghold is
now expected to follow quickly. It has
been stated on numerous occasions late
ly, and on the best of authority, that
the battle-torn fleet bottled up in the
harbor of the Port would make no fur
ther attempt to escape, until the last
hope of relief or holding out had gone
f EARS AN AMERICAN PLOT.
European Statesmen Believes She
Has Designs on Trade.
Paris, Oct. 7. Some European
statesmen are seriously oncerned for
the economic future of Europe. Cer
tain among them, see, or fancy they
see, a deep-laid scheme on he part of
the United States for absorbing the
commerce of Asia, and appear to think
the moment has arrived to issue a seri
ous note of warning.
T way M. Melin, ex-prime minister
and leader of the French Protectionists,
sounds an alarm in the Renubliaue
rrancaiee in an article entitled "The
United States in Asia." v
M. Melin says no mistake should be
made by Europe. He says it is in the
direction of the Far East America is
evidently turning its commercial am
bition. England, he says, will prefer
to thiow itself into the arms of the
great American republic, which is
close to her and may render her service.
In conclusion M. Melin savs :
"One cannot refrain from rather
melancholy reflections on the commer
cial and economic future of old Europe.
The more her industry increases that
much more her machinery improves,
and the more her warehouses are cram
med with goods, just so much the more
restricted and narrow her expansion
abroad becomes. She now finds her Self
in the presence of a giant, who, with
mighty Japan, is taking away her cus
torn. After having seized a portion of
that of South America, the giant is
now prepar'ng to deprive her of that of
the Yellow races, which is the most
important in the world. The issue
promises to leave to Eurpe the negroes
of the Soudan and the vast regions ot
Africa, but until that proves profitable
poor Europe will have time to stew in
her own juice."
WILD RACE TO ESCAPE DANGER.
Blast furnace Pilled With Hot
Iron
in Wake of Trolley Car.
New York, Oct 7. A ten-ton rolling
blast furnace filled with hot iron need
for the welding of the joints of trolley
tracks has been the cause ot an excit
ing ride for a carload of people in New
ark, N. J. The furnace became un
manageable on the top of a steep hill,
and started down with rapidly increas
ing speed in the wake of a trolley car
bound toward the center of the city.
The motorman put on full speed, b'jt
the mass of iron and fire gained stead
ily. When it seemed a disastrous col
lision was inevitable, the car crew and
ten passengers, several of whom were
women, held a hurried consultation
and decided that the only chance to
save their lives was in jumping.
After the race had gone on for a
quarter of a mile, with the furnace
steadily gaining, the runaway machine
swerved and struck an oncoming car.
The passengers escaped serious injury.
Planning to Remove Buildings.
St. Louis, Oct. 7. Plans are begin
ning to assume shape for the restora
tion of Forest park after the conclusion
of the Louisiana Purchase exposition.
One member of the lestoration com
mittee has been appointed in the per
son of George E. Kessler, who is at
present landscape architect for the ex
position. Two other members of the
committee are yet to be appointed by
the directois of the exposition, and it
is probable Mayor Wells will appoint a
committee of three to co-operate with
the fair committee.
Steel Plates Being Shipped.
Minneapolis, Oct. 7. Fifty cars of
heavy steel plates, intended for the
Japanese government, are now being
transhipped at Minnesota transfer.
They are from the Carnegie company,
at Pittsbnrg, and aie consigned to the
company's agent in Japan. The plates
vary in thickness from half an inch to
an inch and a quarter, and are of the
kind ordinarily ased in the construc
tion of cruisers and torpedo boats.
Large Oil Plant Burns.
Findlay, O., Oct." 7. The plant of
the National Refining, company was
burned today. Loss, $200,000. The
fire was started through lightnin" strik
ing a tank which at the time contained
about 30,000 barrels.
SENTENCED TO EATTHE JAM.
Little Girl Found Guilty of Theft by a
.iner Captain.
Captain Krech of the Hamburg
American line's steamship Graf Wal
dersee was called upon during the trip
to pass sentence upon a thief caught
stealing aboard the vessel. His man
ner of conducting the case and his
judgment were commended by all the
passengers.
Several steerage passengers on the
earlier days of the trip frequently miss
ed food and sweetmeats which they
had taken aboard and nothing was
known of the culprit until one day a
woman, going to her bunk, found a lit
tle flaxen-haired girl busily engaged
In emptying a pot of jam which had
been concealed there. The little one
had the jam plastered all over her face
and bands, and in that condition the
woman who discovered her led her to
the chief steward. He In turn took
her before the captain on the bridge.
Many of the passengers, seeing the
little" girl being dragged crying before
the captain, 'gathered about to learn
the cause of the trouble. Captain
Krech, who on his ship, like all other
captains, is judge, jury and court of
appeals, listened to the charges with a
stern look. Besides learning that the
little girl had taken the jam he also
learned that her father and mother
were poor and could not provide any'
sweetmeats for her. ' When the case
had been presented Captain Krech
thought over the evidence for a time
and as the girl was caught with the
evidence all over her face and hands
he pronounced her guilty.
"This is a very serious case," he
said, ''and must be dealt with accord
ingly. The penalty for the first offense
is imprisonment. For the second it is
spanking and for the third it is hang
ing or exclusion ,from America. But
the facts in this case are such that I
shall have to be more severe. I, there
fore, sentence you to eat the best jam
this ship can produce every time you
feel like it. The jam will be supplied
by the steward."
The little girl could not understand
the meaning of all the talk, but when
the steward brought forth a big pot
of jam as ordered she gave the captain
a pretty little smile and marched off
with it. From thit time on her face
was never clean. New York Times.
How Jim Brann Came Home.
Now, this was the way Jim Brann came
home he came in the hobo style,
Tucked on the trucks and clutching a
truss for many a weary mile.
And here in the ways of his boyhood
days, with thoughts of his . youth
reborn,
He stumbled and cursed the wretch he
was with something like honest
scorn.
He thought of the lies his letters had
told to the loving folks back
there
Protestations of, decent ways and vows
that his deeds were square.
Lies and lies the scoffing lies! He had
held them better than truth.
But here, in the hush of the fields of
home, shame gnawed him with
tearing tooth.
Guile and guilt for the folks at home!
Yet these not half the woe
For wickeder far his mock of love and
now they must know, must know!
And under the lilac's shrouding shade, in
the lamplight's mellow glare.
He knelt by the window-sill and gazed
on the old folks sitting there.
Staring in from the chill of night on tht
old home s fireside
And hearing the trustful boasts of those
to whom his letters lied.
They were telling one who sat with them
the news of thedr worthy son,
Of his proud success and his stand
'mongst men, in the great wide
world up yon.
And mother, bringing her rosewood box.
where all she prized was kept.
Read once again what Jimmy wrote and,
reading, softly wept.
And when their neighbor went his way,
the father turned the lock
And laid the rug across the door and
wound the old tall clock.
Then read the Word in solemn tones, and
knelt and prayed for Jim,
Beseeching little for themselves but all
God's gifts for him.
Then all the house was dark and still.
but in the night outside'
There writhed a sobbing, tattered wretch
a prodigal denied!
Thrust back, not by the hands of home
but by his guilty heart
By conscience towering grim and stern
and bidding him depart.
What! bring before a fatner's gaze that
face, of sin the scroll?
And thrust beside a mother's heart that
black and blistered soul?
No! Forth he strode beneath the stars
drenched now. with honest tears
That swept from heart and soul and
brain, the shameful, bitter years,
And with a' prayer an honest prayer
he sought the grace of God,
And bent and kissed the worn old sill his
parents' feet had trod.
Then, standing, smote his breast and
cried, "Go forth once more, Jim
Brann,
And stay, God help you, till you bring a
clean and honest man!"
So that was the way Jim Brann went
back to fight the fight of men!
And that was why God seemed so good
when he came home again!
Holman F. Day in Pearson's.
Tattooing Horses.
The tattooing of the equines is said
to be a new fad, which had its origin
in Paris about the first of the present
year. Prominent leaders of society In
the French capital. It Is said, have
had their family coats-of-arms punc
tured into the sides of the horses, and
the new craze is reported to have al
ready spread throughout Europe.
The Summer Resort Appetite.
Waiter Girl (with rising inflection)
Chicken pot pie, roast leg of lamb,
or-
Summer Boarder All three!
Adam went up against the matrimo
nial game with his eyes shut just as
other men are doing to-day.
Bnff Plymouth Rock.
While the Buff Plymouth Rock Is no
better than the well-known barred, it
has proved Itself better than the white
sort, and, as a breed for fanciers, has
become very popular. As a practical
fowl, we consider it not as good as
the barred, for with us it has shown
some weaknesses that the older strain
does not have. It must not be inferred,
however, that this is likely to be the
case with all of them, for many breed
ers consider them even better than
the barred. They are similar in size
and form, lay well, are good mothers
a.nd the carcass is quite like the bar-
THE BUFF PLYMOUTH BOCK.
red. The breed is attractive because
of its genuine Plymouth Rock form
and size and the beautiful plumage.
The Marketable Hog.
Hogs to be marketable at the high
est prices must be largely of a uniform
type or at least the types must ap
proach in uniformity. The buyers in
the great markets of the country carry
in their mind's eye the style of the
hog they think will make the most sal
able pork. The tendency to gravitate
toward one type is, therefore, marked.
The buyer is inclined to be arbitrary.
He cannot tell why he prefers a cer
tain type, but sticks to it that that
type is the kind he wants. This varies
also in different markets, both at home
and abroad. The English buyer who
has been buying bacon hogs for many
years has in his mind a very different
type from the type of the man that in
the Chicago market has been buying
lard hogs all his life. This variable
type the raiser of hogs has to consider
and it both hinders and helps him in
Improving his herd. It helps him in
Improving his herd. It helps him while
his animals are far below that type,
but it hinders him as soon as he has
reached the type of hog in the mind
of the buyer, for he cannot progress
beyond it except at loss to himself.
This fact has been the greatest obsta
cle in the improving of the bone and
stamina of hogs raised In the corn belt.
St. Louis Republic.
Gate that Will Not Sag.
The accompanying illustration repre
sents a form of farm gate, which is
cheap, durable, easily made, easily op
erated and will not sag with years of
use. The gate shown in the illustra
tion is 14 feet long, but may be made
any reasonable length desired. The
top bar is a twenty-four foot stick. The
bar is fastened to the gate post by
2a
:
CHEAP FARM GATE.
means of a pin on which the gate
turns. The box shown on the free end
of the top bar is filled with sufficient
field stones to almost balance the gate.
The frame of the gate consists of a
stiff wooden structure strapped and
bolted at the corner. On this barbed,
plain or common wire Is fastened. It
is well to drive a ring over the top end
of the large gate post to keep it from
wearing or splitting, and also to attach
an Iron plate to the underside of the
top bar where it rests on the post
Potatoes aa Hos Feed.
Potatoes are quite largely fed to
hogs, but it is found advisable to boil
them. In the New England States
they are fed extensively, being boiled
in. milk and mixed with meal in a bar
rel. Frequently several bushels are
boiled at a time, and when mixed with
cornmeal make an appetizing mess.
The only fault, to be found with this
combination- is that it is badly out of
balance. The potatoes are rich in
starch and so is the corn. To such of
our readers as are still following the
old practice we would advise the sub
stitution of bran or of ground oats for
the cornmeal. This would make a
fairly well-balanced ration. The Ca
nadians say that potatoes have a good
effect on the quality of bacon pro
duced. There is probably no better
use to which small potatoes may be
put than this. Exchange.
Chickens that Kat Eggrs.
A poultry man says: Four years
ago I had a coop of buff Wyandottes
that ate eggs as fast as they laid them,
and I was at loss to know what to.
do, so I tried the following experi
ment: I went to neighboring baker
shop and procured all the egg shells
that they could give me and put them
in oven, browned them, and had, con
stantly, a peck of them In the yard,
and I found that it lessened the evil
very much, and after killing two lead
ers, I had very little trouble. ' I have
bred buff Bocks fifteen years. , and
never had any trouble about soft-shelled
eggs. I always keep my yards cov
ered with a foot of gravel. I find that
the chicks as well as old chickens get
all the BUbstance for eggs from gravel,
and for digesting food. . -
The Manure Spreader.
This department is not for the pur
pose of advertising tools or imple
ments, and no such article that is Bold
is ever mentioned by the manufactur
er's name. There are implements and
conveniences, however, made by differ
ent manufacturers which should find a
place on every farm, and one of them
is the manure-spreader, of whfch there
are several good makes.
No one can appreciate the value of
this implement until he has used it.
It is not only a labor-saver, but it
spreads the manure in any quantity
desired, and spreads it evenly. All of
its operations are controlled from the
driver's seat The work of manure
spreading should be in operation from
now on more or less through the win
ter, and no farmer can make a better
Investment than to have this Imple
ment It will give him added years of
life in the labor it will save him, and
enable him to grow better crops.
An Improved Lawn Mower,
An exchange reports a machine
which is a combination of the bicycle
,and the mowing machine for mowing
lawns. They cut a much wider swath
than the ordinary lawn mower and do
the work much easier. We would like
to see one of them in operation. It is
now more work to take care of a few
square rods of lawn and keep it neat
and clean as it should be, than to care
for an acre of grass grown for hay or
an acre in some cultivated crops. And
yet many people wonder why the far
mer does not have an acre or two of
lawn around his house. American
Cultivator.
Combined Hoe and Sake.
In hoeing of any kind one generally
feels the need of a rake as well as the
hoe, and the little tool here described
is a happy combination of both that
any one. handy with tools can readily
construct. Select a piece of hard wood
eight inches long, one and one-half
inches thick and three inches wide.
Bore an inch hole In the center of it,
into which to put a handle. Then take
six six-inch spikes or ten-penny nails
HANlY COMBINED TOOL.
and drive into this strip at equal dis
tances apart. To make the hoe take
a portion of an old cross-cut saw blade,
or have the blacksmith fashion a piece
of iron for you, bend over one edge
an inch so that it may be riveted to
the piece of wood. Then fasten the
handle in the hole and your tool is
ready for use. The illustration plain
ly shows how the details are per
fected. Potato Growers' Outfit.
To grow potatoes easily the growei
should be supplied with all necessary
machinery. In addition to the plow, a
spring-tooth harrow, roller and two
horse cultivator, with which almost
every farmer is supplied, should be
used; it is also essential to have a
planter, digger, weeder, smoothing har
row, low wagon with platform and a
number of bushel crates. A four row
barrel sprayer is very useful for spray
ing potatoes, to prevent blight and to
kill bugs, but can be dispensed with
and the work done with cheaper ma
chinery. - - t
Farm Notes.
High and gravelly soil is the best
for fruit trees.
The farm work - should always be
kept in advance of the season.
The profitable culture of the soil de
pends upon Its thoroughness.
The nature of farm life Is, in no
small degree, conducive to economy.
Good scock will not sustain Its ex
cellence long if it is not well cared for.
Premature cooling of the milk be
fore setting will injure the butter
yield.
A pedigree Is simply a certificate of
character, and unless it shows a good
character It is of no practical value.
Fill the vacant places with young
trees, unless the orchard is old, then it
is better to plant a new one.
Farm life may be made a burden or
a pleasure according to the manage
ment of the home, the farm and the
work.
Every farmer should have a few
colonies of bees, enough at least to
supply the table with pure, fresh
honey.
Clean up the farm, and its value
will be increased, and when it is clean
ed and cleared it will cultivate more
easily and cheaply.
An unfruitful orchard may often be
brought into bearing by a heavy ap
plication of good stable manure scat
tered broadcast.
A wet place In a field can often be
drained out with but little trouble and
expense, but if this is allowed to go
undone will spoil the field and ruin the
crops.
It is essential that a cow's udder be
entirely freed from milk at each milk
ing for if any milk is left in the ud
der from any cause the secretions are
checked and the cow will soon go dry
if this method of milking becones
common practice.