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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 13, 1901)
THE THIRD DEGREE.
It the Master cares to judge me by the
things that I have done.
There will be no place in heaven for hie
foolish, erring son;
If the Master's seen the things that I
have wanted most to do,
There'll be no salvation for me, for the
devil knows 'em, too!
But I've wanted true to want to do the
things I knew were right
Bay, can it be the likes of me'll have
virtue in his sight?
I have soiled my hands with mischief,
and I've wanted to do more.
And t was but because I didn't dare, it
wasn't done before;
But behind the dirty deed I did, behind
the wish I bad,
There's been a longing to be straight, a
feeling I was bad;
Though he alone has seen and known
beyond that double sin
He knows my soul is somehow whole
say, will he let me in?
If there's any place beside the gate to
live a life or so,
I'd like to try it all again, before I'm sent
I'd like to try to want to do what's right,
and then, maybe,
I'd get to try to do it, and at last I might
For a full-grown saint I know I ain't
and there's plenty more as bad,
But give us time and I know we'll climb
and make his heaven glad!
Gelett Burgess in "A Gage of Youth."
Clouds Cleared Away.
HWAS lying lazily In the hammock,
meditating upon the falseness of
womankind in general and the
falseness of Dorothy Shepard in
whom I had trusted so fully in par
ticular. We had been sweethearts ever
since early childhood and were now
only waiting for the time when I
would be able to provide a home. But
the newspaper which had come in that
morning's mall contained an account
of the marriage of Miss Dorothy Shep
ard to her cousin, Reginald Fierce.
I had been jealous of this cousin, the
year before, when he was visiting at
Dorothy's home. He was handsome and
wealthy, while I was only an ordinary
looking fellow and a struggling young
But my reverie is broken by a sign
from Mrs. Farley, my portly and moth
erly landlady, who for six summers
has boarded me in her comfortable
home In the picturesque little village
of Hopetown. She is in her rocking
chair on the piazza opposite me, en
gaged in the construction of a fearful
and wonderful thing which she calls a
Again the heartrending sigh.
"What is the trouble, Mother Far
ley?" I asked.
"Well, Mr. Harry, I suppose you'll
think I'm a foolish old woman, but I'm
feelin' that bad this mornin' you
wouldn't believe and all because I
can't have my picture "ook."
"Well, Mother Farley, I didn't think
vanity was your besetting sin. Why
are you so anxious to be photograph
ed?" Then the good old soul told me that
her son, who was out west, and whom
she had not seen for ten years, had
sent her some money, and had begged
her to have her picture taken for him,
The photographer who had been settled
in Hopetown had "skipped" one night
.about a month before, leaving all his
apparatus in his studio, which he had
rented from Mother Farley's husband.
The nearest town was ten miles away,
and, owing to a weakness in her back.
Mother Farley was unable to drive so
far; but she was Inconsolable at the
thought of disappointing her son Rich
In my college days I had used a cam
era a good deal in an amateur way,
and presently I left the piazza and
strolled over to the potato field to in
terview Mr. Farley relative to a plan
which I had in mind.
"Law!" he ejaculated, "you don't say
you kin take pictures, too! My! But
won't ma be tickled!"
I got the key and went over to the
forsaken studio; found camera, plates,
paper and chemicals all in good order,
and early that afternoon Mother Far
ley, beaming with smiles and attired
in her "Sunday best," came over to
pose. How delighted she was when 1
showed her the proof the next morn
lng, and that evening sbe carried It to
the weekly prayer meeting and exhib
ited it to all her friends at the close
of the service.
I finally yielded to their urgent re
quest to keep the studio open for a
week, and to make photographs of all
who cared to have them.
Qn the afternoon of the last day
which I was to spend in the studio I
was mounting some photographs of an
old maid with a hooked nose and cork
screw curls when I heard a gentle tap
at the door. I called "Come In," and a
very pretty girl, dressed in a neat bl
cycle suit, entered.
"Good afternoon," she began, with a
bright smile. "My friend and I are on
a wheeling tour, and would like a tin
type taken with our wheels, If you are
not too busy."
"I shall be glad to oblige yon, and am
at liberty to do so Immediately," I
"Well, then," she said, "would you
please bring in our wheels for us? My
friend Is at the door with them, but
am afraid we cannot manage to get
them -up the stairs."
We went down together, and there
on the doorsteps stood Dottle! Before
either of us could speak the other
young lady exclaimed: "He will carry
our wheels up. Dot, and will take our
tintypes right away."
Dottie paid no attention to her, but
came forward, all smiles and blushes,
with outstretched hand. "Why, Hal!"
she said, I never dreamed that you
had gone in the photo business!
knew you were In Hopetown, of course,
. and when Nell suggested that w
should wheel down here and see her
auntie, who lived In this neighborhood,
I consented, and didn't write to you
last week for fear I should let out the
secret, for I wanted to surprise you,
This is my future husband, Mr. Oak
ley. Miss Curtis, and now come on,
let's get those tintypes."
TRICKS OF COUNTRY FAIR FAKERS.
CROOKED GAMBLING TOOLS
HE country fair is the harvest tinu
for the genial faker. The faker is
v not a husbandman and he sows not.
and neither does he gather up and bind
into bundles, and yet, when the harvest
season is over the faker has more money
than the honest farmer who has tilled
many golden acres. For the faker gets
up early in the morning and goes to bed
late at night, and he makes money all the
The temptation to get something for
nothing, or at least much for little, to
flirt with coquettish fortune, is irresisti-.
ble. Though a man knows full well that
the faker is not at the fair merely for the
sake of his health or for a pleasant out
ing, and that his tricks put to shame
those of the heathen Chinee, still the vic
tim will take the one chance out of a
million of beating the game. He doesn't
beat it, for the game wasn't rigged up
so that he could beat it. Still he is will
ing to take the chance, and he suffers no
disappointment when he fails.
Chief among -the catch-penny attrac
tions of the faker is the cane rack. The
cane rack outfit does not cost the faker
much. A net rack may be bought for
from 65 cents to $1.25 and a canvas one
for from 50 cents to $1.30. Canes cost
from 50 cents a dozen to $1.50 per dozen.
Rings cost 65 cents per hundred. With
this outfit and a permit the faker sets
np his rack on four stakes, which are
purposely loose, so as to allow the rack
to sway slightly. Then he plants his
The cheaper ones predominate, but
canes with swelled heads are occasionally
seen and here and there are crooks, some
reproducing a miniature, a lower member
missing, the torso of Venus. The rings
vary from one and one-qquarter to one
and three-qurters inches inside diameter.
The heads of some of the canes are al
most as great in diameter, and those with
crooks are turned in such a way that it
is almost impossible to ring them unless
the ring is dropped immediately upon
them. It is difficult even to ring the
smaller canes, for they stand loosely in
the rack, and a side blow tips tbem so
that the ring slides oS.
Next in favor is the knife board. A
board costs-from $1.50 to $3.50, and
complete outfit board. 100 rings and
eighty-four knives may be had tor
$14.50 and upward. Knives may be had
from 30 cents a dozen to $3.98 a dozen.
These knives, the cheaper predominat
ing and costing about two and a half
cents apiece, are conspicuously display
Dorothy has been my wife for two
happy years, and I have only one se
cret from her. That is, that I thought,
even for a moment, that she bad been
false to me my own loyal darling!
Reginald Pierce has taken the house
opposite ours. "The twin Dorothys,"
as we call our wives, are inseparable
TRAPS TO CATCH TIGERS.
Powerful Steel Snares that Hold the
Capturing tigers by a novel method
is now being adopted In Sumatra and is
proving almost invariably successful.
As soon as a tiger's lair has been found
natives are employed to construct a
wooden fence-nine feet long and four
feet wide a short distance away from It
and In this inclosure is then placed as
a bait a dog, which Is tied to one of the
fence posts. A narrow entrance leads
into the inclosure and there, deftly con
cealed under earth, leaves and boughs
of trees, Is placed a .strong steel trap,
which is so designed that any animal
that places Its foot "on It is certain to be
This trap is of recent invention and
consists of strong steel plates and
equally strong springs. When it Is set
the plates form a sort of platform and
as soon as the tiger which has been
lured thither by the dog sets his foot
thereon the springs are released and
the cruel steel grips the leg and holds
It fast -
Powerful as the tiger is, he cannot
free himself from such bondage" and as
those who have set the trap are never
far away he is in a short time either
killed or securely caged. At the same
time the dog is released and, indeed, he
cquld not be removed from theinclo-
sure as long as the trap was set,, since
this instrument, strong as It Is, never
theless is so delicate that the pressure
even of a dog's foot would release the
springs and cause the animal's leg to
be crushed in a twinkling. London-
INDIAN PRAIRIE DOG HUNTS.
The "Little Animals Are Deemed Dainty
Dish by the Navajos.
The Navajo Indian, while he cannot
be prevailed upon to eat a rabbit. Is
greedily fond of fat prairie dogs. Large
communities of these small animals
abound on the western plains, and the
Navajo has resorted to many ingenious
methods for trapping bis coveted dain
ty. One of them is by the aid of a bit
ef mirror placed at the entrance to a
burrow. When the animal ventures
from his bedroom,, deep underground,
he sees a familiar Image mocking him
at the front door, and be hurries out to
confront the impudent intruder when
. rewi' vmM mws ' sr- i
SOLD TO FLEECE FARMERS.
ed with all the blades open, and therein
lies the secret of the knife board. JChe
cunning faker arranges his knife board
so that the rings slide over them as water
does a duck's back.
The wheel of fortune seems as fair as
any game can be, yet the arrow has a
"sneak" aud the faker can stop it at
any number or article he desires. A
wheel may be bought as low as $10, in
cluding 250 pieces of jewelry, but this
is of the cheapest kind, rings, for exam
ple, being quoted as low as one cent
apiece. With this cheap wheel the first
profit at 10 cents a whirl, without any
sneaking, amounts to $15, and the busi
ness "requires -no previous experience."
A full outfit of 250 pieces of jewelry
costs but $5, thus making a gain of $20,
and come fakers make as much as $o0 a
The higher the cost of the wheel the
more easily and quickly the money is
made, as they are fitted with large pins
to separate numbers or colors, and the
arrow point has a screw feather, making
a certain winner of any desired number
or color and avoiding all possibility of
Nothing is more tempting than the
striking machine, and nothing looks fair
er. But these striking machines are in
genious arrangements, and, in the words
of an advertisement of a new kind now
on the market, "can be manipulated
without a helper." One of these may be
had for $50, while prize cigars are offer
ed to the fakers for $10 a thousand.
Red, white and blue is a dealing game.
There is a "layout" with three shields on
it, one red, one white, ono blue. AJbox
and sixteen balls, five of each color and
one "dealer's percentage" goes with;the
outfit. Players place their money On a
given shield, a slide opens in the box,
and out pops a ball. If the ball is of the
same color the player puts his money on
he wins. If not he loses. If this was a
fair game the player, by the law of
chance, would stand some show of win
ning, but as the box is "fixed" the dealer
can produce a bail- of any color he de
sires, yet any one not in the secret can
examine the box at any time and find H
apparently square, yet it is a tricky box
There are half a hundred tricks work
ed with cards, and all of such . nature
that they can be worked "without the
slightest fear of detection.
But the visitor to the fair is looking
for fun. The faker and his outfit enter
tains him and he" doesn't begrudge the
be is pinned to the ground with, an ar
row. , - - - -
But the most effective method L is
what the Indians call the rain hunt.
As soon as the steady downpour of
summer rain begins every Navajo who
can walk repairs to the prairie dog vil
lage with hoes, sharp sticks, or any dig
ging implement. : With these they hol
low out trenches, that will lead , the
storm water into as many burrows as
possible. Soon a little stream is pour
ing down each small home, and the in
mate, much disturbed, pops out to see
what the matter can be. Many of the
animals remain under ground until
they are drowned, and their bodies float
to the surface. After such a hunt, in
which many pounds of prairie dogs are
. generally secured,- there Is a feast for
many days in the Navajo huts. .
Desirable Qualities in an Opal.'
"In judging an opal, color is of the
greatest importance. Red fire, or red
in combination with yellow, blue and
green, are the best Blue by itself is
quite valuless, and the green opal is nqt.
of great value unless the color is very
vivid and the pattern very good. The
color must be true; that Is to say, it
must not run in streaks or patches, al
ternating with a colorless er Inferior
quality. Pattern is described as being
an important factor, the seyeral vari
eties being, "known as "pinfire," when
the grain is very small; "harlequin,"
when the color is all In small squares,
the more regular the better, and the
"flashfire," or, "flashopal," when the
color shows as a single flash, or in very
large pattern. Harlequin is the most
common, and Is also popularly consid
ered the most beautiful. When the
squares of color are regular and show
as distinct, minute checks of red, yel
low blue and green, it Is considered
magnificent." Some stones show better
on edge than on top.
M'Kinley's First Diplomatic Victory.
The first social Incident of Presi
dent McKinley's first administration
was his granting Vice President Ho
bart precedence over the ambassadors.
Lord Pauncefote is known to have re
ported this Innovation to his foreign
office, which is said to have thereupon
Inquired In to the custom of other
countries. . It was eventually agreed
that Mr. Hobart should be regarded as
the heir to the Presidency and there
fore on the same social footing with
the crown princes of European mon
archies, whose social rank is second
only to that of the heads of state, their
royal parents. Ladies' Home Journal.
The company manners of her hus
band and song Is one of the greatest
trials In a woman's life, and that of
her daughters her greatest comfort.
BIRTH OF A FAMOUS HYMN.
Mr, Banker's Story of How He Com
posed "The Ninety and Nine."
In the Ladies' Home Journal Cleve
land Mpffett tells how the greatest of
all singing evangelists, Ira D. Sankey,
came to give the world a hymn that
will live long after his voice is stilled.
It was during Moody and Sankey's
first visit to Great Britain. As they
were entering the train in Glasgow,
Mr. Sankey bought a copy of a penny
religious paper called "The Christian
Age." Looking over It, his eyes fell
on some verses, the first two lines of
which read thus:
There were ninety and nine that safely
In the shelter of the fold.
Mr. Moody," exclaimed Mr. San
key, "I have found the hymn that I've
been looking for for years."
"What Is it?" asked Mr. Moody.
"It's about a lost sheep."
Two days later. In Edinburgh, they
held a great meeting, in the Free As
sembly Hall. As Doctor Bonar fin
ished, Mr. Moody leaned over the pul
pit and asked the singer if he had not
a solo for the occasion. The thought
of the verses he had read in the penny
paper came to Mr. Sankey's mind, and
opening his scrap-book. In which be
had pasted the clipping, he placed it be
fore him on the organ, and after a mo
ment of silent supplication, struck a
full chord and began' to sing. And note
by note came the now famous song.
He composed it as he went along.
What he sang was the joy that swelled
in his own soul, hope that was born.
the love for those who needed help,
Thus he finished the first stanza.
Then, as he paused and played a few
chords waiting to begin again, the
thought came to him: "Can I sing the
second stanza as I did the first? Can
remember the notes?" And concen
tratina his mind once more for the
effort he began to sing. So he went
on through for five stanzas and after
the services he DUt the melody in
Saturn's largest moon is 2,092 miles
in diameter, slightly smaller than our
As President, Washington first lived
in the house at 1 Cherry street, the site
of which is covered by one of the piers
of the Brooklyn bridge. Later he moved
to the Macomb bouse at 30 Broadway.
There are nine members of the Su
preme Court of the United States one
Chief Justice and eight associate jus-
; . i" i, nnnn;ntn f,. 1 ; v.
. . , . At . ,
the President, with the concurrence of
ulco. lurj oic auLuiuLu i hil ,
A pigeon in harvest time eats its own
weight in grain a day, and a blackbird , Hungary sent no immigrants to this eoun
or thrush will eat its own weight daily or not. enough to make any impres
of ripe fruit. Many kinds of birds exist
in summer largely upon plants raised
by man for his food.
In order to obviate the frequent dis
putes as to the ages of children,' the
steamboat authorities in Switzerland
have decided that in every case where
doubt arises the child must be meas
ured.. All children under two feet are
to have free passage, while those be
tween two feet and four feet are to pay
The dressing of the hair Is the most
important part of a Chinese woman's
toilet. The district she comes from
may always be kuown from the manner
in which she does her hair. It also in
dicates her station in' life. Young girls,
whether married or single, wear cues,
coiling up their hair, as their Western
sisters do, ou attaining a certain age.
There are three nut-cracking plants
in St. Louis, giving employment to con
siderable number of people. The nut
crackers are driven by electricity, each
nut being fed individually into the
crusher. After the shells are cracked
the nuts are winnowed by an air blast,
an J the meat is picked from the crushed
shells by band, women and girls being
employed for this part of the work.
A Warning Against Cbeap Furniture.
It is one of the saddest sights in our
modern life to see a young couple,
when starting to furnish a home, go
out with good money and buy bad
furniture. It is positively nothing
short of criminal for cbeap department
and furniture stores to be allowed to
sell the furniture which is being offer-
ed to-day in our great cities. Young
people are attracted to this rubbish be- (
cause of cheap prices. Every stick of
the furniture offered at these, stores
is cheaply put together, and by glue
and thick coats of veneer is made only
to sell. It barely gets Into the new
house before it falls apart, and what
was thought to be a cheap purchase .
. . .1 A J CIA LUlFiSC V J- till. OLlUCl kJVA TV
turns out to be .a very expensive hivest- admlt tnat their forefather of the
ment It is strange that folks . cannot en wag h t
get it through their heads that a bed, iand wag a bu of a coward are prone
a table and two chairs honestly made, ! tnemselves to put tne blam where It
are cheaper at sixty dollars than onedoegn,t belong sometimes. There was
of those fearful concoctions known as fl man ,n a car yes'terdaT who was ap
"bedroom suits" which are sold at par&ntly of this ciass. He wore the
forty dollars and eighty-three cents.- conventionai. afternoon dress of frock
Edward Bok. in tne iJiaies nowe
Contrary to Ethics.
"We had to send him out o' town
coin nrniicu null.
"He was always talking about his
rocord as a desperado." remarked the
"Yes. That's what got Crimson
Gulch down on him. He wasn't satis
fled to brag decently. In makin' up the
list of people he'd shot he wanted to
count innocent bystanders." Washing
- Trapped Himself.
Dibbs (facetiously) This is a picture
of my wife's first husband. not going to spoil an $8 hat for your
Dobbs Great snakes! What a brain- pleasure," growled the man, and dis
less looking idiot! But didn't know , regarding the surprised look If his corn-
Lyour wife was married before she met
Dibbs She wasn't. Tnat is a pic-
ture of myselfat the age of 20. Lon
Little Willie Say. pa, did you ever
Bee a sea monster?
Pa Lots of them, my son. They run
tiie hotels along the seashore. Chicago
People who have soft snaps are usu
ally the ones who don't enjoy them.
Distribution of Immigrants.
The number of
into this country
between 1820 and
Jnne 30, 1900, was
to 1820 the govern
ment did not take
account of immi
gration, but. the
estimate of the to
tal immigration be
tween the adoption
of the constitution and 1820 is but 250,
000. This number is not included in the
The charactei of the immigration has
changed in a mjst interesting way. From
1821 to 1850 ti.3 per cent of our immi
gration came from Canada and New
foundland; during the next decade, 1851
to 1860, the percentage was the same,
and during the last decade only 0.1 per
cent of the immigrants were from those
sections. From 1821 to 1850 24.2 per
cent came from Germany, and in the next
decade 36.6 per cent, this being the high
est percentage reached by the Germans.
During the last decade the Germans sup
plied only 13.7 per cent of our fomign
immigration. During the period first
named, 1821 to 1850, Great Britain fur
nished 15 per cent of the immigrants, and
in the next decade 16.3 per cent. Then
came a large increase from Great Britain
between 1861 and 1870, the percentage
being 26.2; from 1871 to 1880 it was
19.5, while for the last decade it was
but 7.4: From 1821 to 1850 Ireland fur
nished 42.3 per cent of our immigrants,
and between 1851 and 1860 35.2 per cent.
Since then there has been a rapid de
crease, and between 1891 and 1900 Ire
land furnished but 10.5 per cent of bur
immigrants. Those from Norway and
Sweden constituted only 0.6 per cent be
tween 1821 and 1850. The Scandinavians
increased in numbers between 1881 and
1890, when their proportion was 10.8 per
cent; during the last decade it was 8.7
The immigration from the whole group
just named, Canada and Newfoundland,
Germany, Great Britain, Ireland and
Norway and Sweden, shows a marked
relative decrease. While the immigrants
from these countries constituted 74.3 per
cent of the whole number of immigrants
during the entire period under discussion,
they furnished between 1821 and . 1850
84.4 per cent of the total, and during the
next decade 91.2 per cent, since which
time there has been a rapid decrease,
this group of countries during the last
decade furnishing but 40.4 per cent.
These figures enable us to bring into
, . . ... .
uud-i auu auaru vouiimnson me liumigra-
ti - , ;..;., .,: v. !
tion from countries which fifty years ago
furnished hnrdlv nnv inppAmanf n
population. From 1851 to 1860 Austria-
sion upon the statistics, but between 1861
and 1870 the immigration from that
country was 0.4 per cent, during the next
decade 2.6 per cent, from 1881 to 1890
6.7 per cent, while during the last decade
it was 16.1 per cent. Italy, beginning
with 0.2 per cent during the period from
1821 to 1850, increased to 2 per cent be
tween 1871 and lSSOfand to nearly 6 per
cent during the next decade, while during
the last decade that country furnished
17.7 per cent of our total number. The
proportions for Russia and Poland are
almost identical with those of Italy.
Those two countries, taken together, be
ginning with only 0.1 per cent of our
total number of immigrants between 1821
and 1850, increased but slightly until
between iai and lsyu, when they con
tributed 5 per cent, and during the last
decade 16.3 per cent. These three sec
tions Austria-Hungry, Italy and Rus
sia and Poland taken together, contrib
uted during the last decade 50.1 per cent
of our immigrants, as against 40.4 per
cent, as stated, for the group of five coun
tries hrst named; 9:5 per cent came from
During the year ending on June 30,
1900, the total number of immigrants
was 448,572. Of this number, 2,392 be
longed to the professional class, 61,443
Were skilled laborers,' 163,508 were la
borers, while 134,941, including women
and children, had no specified occupation.
.The State having the largest percent-
"THE WOMAN DID IT."
A Pointed Conversation Overheard in
the Street Car.
Since the time of Adam men have
ueeu laying uie uiame tor ail tne ills
in the world to women. Do they fail
ia -busmess-the women of the family
'dl Do they become Inebriates-
WCAC IU U1111IL U J LUC 11 1
volity of their wives and daughters.
Do they wear shabby clothes and be
come careless about the cut of their
hair the extravagance of those who
are dependent on them- has divorced
them from their pride and. left them
nothing -but rags to wear.
I THimn 4-V ncm r-f 4-Yta ctarnn snr nrVin
coat striped trousers and tall hat, and
every time he leaned toward his conK
panion the pile of his immaculate
hendffpnr came in contact
I prow-like brim of her hat
uueu tne wrong way.
After the man had repaired the dam
age twice his patience gave out.
"You'll never get me to wear a silk
hat again when yon are wearing that
thing on your head, so you needn't ask
me to," he exploded his tone was the
irritated one of a relative.
"I didn't ask you to wear it this time,
did I?" asked the woman.
That doesn't make any difference,
you'll never set me to do it acain: I'm
panion he sunk Into a gloomy silence.
Directly a fuse blew out of the car
wneei ana tne venicie came to- a nait,
The man roused himself from his ab
straction. "Don't yon ever ask me to
ride out in the suburbs with you
again," he said with much concentrat
ed energy; "here we are two miles from
home, and I'll be bite at the meeting of
my society. I was to read a paper,
too." : :
"Goodness gracious V replied the wo
man, using a favorite feminine ejacula
tion in. her impatience. "I did not ask
age of foreign born in 1900 was North
Dakota, that element constituting 35.4
per cent; the next largest being Rhode
Island, with 31.4 per cent. The other
extreme is found in the Southern States,
where the lowest percentage is in North
Carolina, her foreign born constituting
but 0.2 per cent of her total population.
Nearly all the States in the southern sec
tion come below 5 per cent. The number
of foreign born in some States seems to
be decreasing; in fact, the percentage in
the whole country has decreased 1 Peru
CARROLL. D. WRIGHT,
United States Commissioner of Labor.
Women Should Preach.
Women should be
substituted for men
in the pulpit as
evangelists and ex
pounders of the
present the wom
an's side of relig
ion, and that is
something that the
men preachers rare
ly or never do.
How frequently and with what unction
the preachers select and dwell upon the
thirty-fifth chapter of Proverbs, in
which the worth of virtuous women is
put far beyond rubies and fine gold.
- "But virtue in women is given such a
narrow interpretation by many. It has
so much broader significance. By this 1
mean that a virtuous woman is a woman
who is a good mother, one able to conduct
her household in the best way, who could
manage a business or any large enter
prise. "This is the woman whose worth is not
to be measured by rubies or fine gold.
"Again, sermons dealing with 'The In
crease of Mother Love' are very popu
lar, but how often do you hear one on
'The Responsibilities of Fatherhood?'
"If women were in the pulpit they
would handle these subjects from their
point of view and show to men that they,
too, have responsibilities that must not
"The virtuous woman of the proverb
is increasing in numbers every day. You
will find her in nearly every business as
clerk in a coal office, as stenographer in
a bank, as bookkeeper in a department
store in a score of other occupations.
"She is self-supporting and therefore
independent. She has numerous avenues
of effort opening before her. She does
not have to marry; she does not hare to
ask any one for money.
"It is this independence that will finally
solve the social problem.
"Let the womanhood of to-day realize
that strength, wisdom and every talent
or grace which1 develops Christian ehar
acter affords an example that shall last
through the ages. And the heart of the
pulpit should hold ascendency over the
intellect, as truly as the heart of the in
dividual should control the brain.
ELIZABETH B. GRANNIS,
President of the National Christian
League for the Promotion of Social
Laws Against Anarchy.
The anarchist is not th 'oe
of one nation or form of govern
ment, but the enemy of all. For
this reason there should be joint
action in every civilized land to
stamp out the brood entirely.
For an attempt on the life of a
President I would make the penalty
much more severe than for an ordinary
assault. Life imprisonment, probably,
would be a fitting punishment for the
crime. We have outgrown the idea of in
flicting the death penalty for a lesser
crime than murder, and I would not re
turn to it. Nor would I make such im-
you to come; you asked me. You said
'Let's go somewhere where we can be
peaceful, and quiet and happy, and I
came. Don't you ask me to come any
more with you, for I won't do it. If the
I believe you'd blame me
The man opened his lips to reply, but
his case must have seemed weak even
to himself, for he shut them again, and
a silence profound aud unbroken fell
over the car. Baltimore News.
POPULAR PRESIDENT'S WIFE.
Dolly Maliain Was a Remarkable Mis
tress of the White House.
Beautiful,, vivacious, affable and
rich, Dolly Madison dispensed a lavish
hospitality at her husband's house
while he was Secretary of -State and
presided at such social functions as
took place in the White House during
Jefferson's days. Becoming' regularly
installed as its mistress at her bus
band's inauguration in 1809, she was
the leader of Washington society for
No lady of the White House ever ap
proached her in popularity except Har
riet Lane, the mistress of the mansion
at the time of the bachelor president,
Buchanan, and Mrs. Cleveland. Mrs.
Madison never forgot the name of a
person she had once met. She always
recollected every incident of conse
quence connected with the history of
every person presented to her, thus
making every one feel that he held a
high place in ber esteem. In this way
she .disarmed much of the hostility to
the weak administration of Madison
and won him many friends whose sup
port was of the highest value to him
and to the country during the tempest
uous days of the troubles between the
United States and England. Worthy as
Madison was, says Leslie's Weekly,
Mrs. Madison was a much greater per
son in her field than he was in his.
Lions and Florida Water.
A small girl writing to Our Dumb
Animals tells an amusing story of a
Hon delighted with the perfume of
We have often heard that animals
were very fond of perfnmes, so Mamie
and I saved our pennies and bought a
bottle of Florida water, which we took
with us to the zoo. You just ought to
it' ,- ,
prisonmeut at solitary confinement, a
hus been recouiuienaed. The ooject of
punishment is twofold to serve as an
example to others and to protect society
by removing the criminal from a posi
tion where he might further endanger
lives and liberties. As to the deterrent
effect of the punishment upon others, life
imprisonment would probably serve as
well as capital punishment. Conspira
tors against the life of a ruler or high
official of our own or any country, when
the conspiracy results in the death of -the
person plotted against, should be held
equally guilty with the one by whose
blow death is inflicted, and all doubt
should be removed, so that there should
be. provided the same degree of punish
ment as for the murderer.
Laws should also be enacted makmg It
r misdemeanor, punishment by long im
prisonment, either in writing or by spok
en words, to incite to violence against the
life of any person. This law should be,
however, carefully safeguarded so that
it would not interfere with the rights of
free speech guaranteed by the constitu
tion. Incitement to acts of general vio
lence during a strike or other disturb
ance, for instance, should not he pun
ished so severely. The law should espe
cially aim to prevent the promulgating
and teaching of the doctrine of anarchy.
There is, in my opinion, no necessity
for amending the constitution of the Unit
ed States to secure proper laws for the
treatment of anarchy. State laws are or
can be made amply sufficient, and the
prosecution for conspiracy or other out
cropping of anarchy properly belongs in
the State where the crime is committed.
Convictions are more Teadily and quick
ly secured, also, under the State laws.
At present the punishment provided by
the federal statutes for such crimes as
have been mentioned is wholly insutli- -cient.
No one has thought of the possi
bility of anarchy and attempts upon the
President's life, and hence there is none .
in force where Congress has jurisdiction
to sufficiently punish the criminals and
avert such calamities as that at Buffalo.
Anarchy differs from rebellion in that
it opposes all law and seeks the over
throw of all government. It is a crime
not against a nation but against civil
ization, and must be so treated.
FOSTER M. VOORHEES,
governor of New Jersey.
Labor Unions and Workingmen.
The question of
organized labor is
not a question of
wages. It is a
question of more
It is a question of
running your own
works in your own
I have nothing
to do with labor organization, but if I
was a workingman, and I was at one
time, I would not belong to a labor organ
ization. They put all men on the same
level. If I was a bright, alert, competent
man, I would not be put in the same clasa
with the poorest man. Organized labor
means that no man can advance' unless
all the others advance.
CHARLES M. SCHWAB,
President of the U. S. Steel Corporation.
The school houses in this coun
try are for the mast part dread
ful and are a matter of the
greatest surprise to me. I have
seen some which are little more
than barns and which seem pos
itively unsafe and unhealthful.
Such a state of affairs is not right in this
land, where there is a justifiable boast
of the public school system, the best of
all agencies in the advancement of hu
manity. But I know the trouble with
your schools you have too much politics
mixed with your education. I have as
certained approximately the amount of
money expended by the people for school
houses, and the results are not at all
commensurate. There should be a better
showing for the generosity of the people,
but there has been a dreadful leakage,
and the people will have to be generous
ngain to remedy the conditions.
ELIZABETH P. HUGHES.
Educational Agent of the British Gov
ernment. have heard the racket Iu the lion house.
It was very near their dinner-time and
they were all hungry. The old lion and
his wife were prancing round their.
onrta rfnrincr with nil thoir niin.hi-
TliHr noise stai'tpd the numn nnH.
wuen ue ueg.iu tie sianeu ine pantuers.
It was, I assure you, pandemonium let
So Mamie poured half of Florida
water on a piece of raw cotton and
threw it in the lion's cage. . He stopped
his noise, sniffed at it, rolled all. over
it, and acted just like a good-natured
puppy dog. He rolled over and over
with his four big strong legs In the
air. He was perfectly hinnv and for-
ot that he was. hungry. Then Mrs.
Lion came up and had a roll, and he
never once snarled at her as he so often
does. They both were as nice and quiet
as two pussy-cats. Ma'inie and I didn't
regret having spent cur money on the
Shoppers as Detectives.
Professional shoppers are employed
by a large dry goods firm to test the
abilities of their clerks. This firm owns
over thirty large shops, andi employs
nearly one thousand assistants. To
find out whether every customer is po
litely served, a number of lady custom
ers are employed to call at the various
shops. They are told to give as much
trouble as possible, and sometimes to
leave without making a purchase after
looking at nearly everything In the
shop. Should the unfortunate assist
ant's temper not be equal to the strain,
or should a single word be said that
might offend, a report will infallibly
reach headquarters and lead to the dis
missal of the sorely tried handler of
silks and ribbons.
Pressure in Ocean's Deepest Depths.
There are spots in the ocean where
the water is five miles deep, and If it
is true that the pressure of the water
on any body in. the water is one pound
to the square inch for every two of the
depth, anything at the bottom of one ot
"five miles" holes would have a pres
sure about It of 13,200 pounds to every
' Timonr the Tartar
Tamerlane, the Tartar conqueror, had
a club foot. His real name was Tim
our Lenk, or Timour the Lame.