Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909, December 13, 1901, Image 1

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    CORVAL
WEEKLY.
UNION Hatb. Jnly, 1897.
GAZETTE Eatab. Sec- 1862.'
Consolidated Feb. 1899.
COEVALIilS, BENTON COUNTY, OBEGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 13, ia01.
VOIi. XXXVIII. NO. 51.
i
EVENTS OF THE DAY
FROM THE FOUR QUARTERS OF
THE WORLD.
A Comprehensive Review of the Important
. Happenings of the Past Week Presented
in a Condensed Form Which Is Most
Likely to Prove of Interest to Our Many
Readers.
Prince Tuan is planning a rebellion
in Mongolia. -
Every roailroad entering Salt Lake
has joined in a rate war.
The date of King Edward's coro
nation is fixed at June 26, 1902.
Yukon miners are unknowingly
throwing away thousands of dollars'
worth of platinum.
A French aeronaut, who has already
crossed the Mediterranean, will try
to cross the Atlantic.
The Scranton, Pa., labor conven
tion was unanimous for Chinese ex
clusion, but not for Japanse exclusion.
Speaker Henderson has announced
the new house committees. This is
not usually done until after the holi
day recess.
Wayne, W. Va , was almost wiped
out by fire. Eight business build
ings and three dwellings were de
stroyed; loss $40,000.
The Texas Kailway commission and
the railroad are at outs. The com
mission is trying to compel all, trains
to "be run on si liedule time.
A member of the English parlia
ment, in the coure of a speech, de
clared that the Irish would never
have a better opportunityjto strike a
blow for liberty than at present time.
Frye introduced a new ship subsidy
bill in congress. :
England ". will improve sanitary
condition of concentration camps.
Republicans in the senate are deter
mined to have a tariff on Philippine
products.
Tillman challenged McLaurin to
resign with him from the senate, but
the latter would not.
A St. Louis negro who had several
stitches'taken in his heart is well, on
the road to recovery.
The entire , business portion of
Gobies, Mich., was destroyed by fire.
Loss, about $100,000. -
The Wabash Screen. Door Com
pany's plant at " Bhinelander, Wis.,
was burned; loss $200,000.
Manager 'Johnson, of the Postal
Telegraph Company, his son and a
negro driver were killed near Newton,
Miss., by a falling tree.
The Newton" county safe, ' at Deca
tur, Miss., . was' robbed of $4,000 in
pension warrants, a large quantity
of school teachers' warrants, $2,250
in checks, a number -of postoffice
money orders and- a quantity of
stamps, and over $900 in cash.
Famine conditions in Bussia. are
worse than the government reports.
It.is reported that 3,000 Boers in
tend to establish a colony in Chile.
The National Starch Works, Des
Moines, Ia.,.burned. Loss, $400,000.
NatjveJ scouts killed Fagin, the
American negro' deserter in the Philip
pines. In a fire at Bayou des Allemandes,
La., two persons- were burned to
death. ... "
Bobbers stole $2,000 from the Arch
ibald Banking Company, of Archi
bald, 0.
Fire destroyed a wholesale dry goods
store at Wilkesbarre, . Pa. Loss,
$135,000. ".' . . '. '
Another ship has ventured too close
to the Washington shore and-' is on
the rocks.
A reciprocity feature may be incor
porated in the forthcoming Philippine
tariff bill. ' '
Befugees in South African concen
tration camps will be sent to the set
" tied district. ".-
The Douglasville, Ga., bank was
robbed of $2,500. The" robbers .escaped
. on a handcar.
' France's Chinese loan of 265,000,000
francs, at 3 per cent, will be issued
December 21.
Two . more of the convicts who
escaped from the Leavenworth, Kaa.,
prison have been captured.
The St. Louis Oil Company sold
; 5,000,000 barrels of Beaumont oil to
St. Louis men at 20 cents a barrel at
the wells.
Sixty-five persons were poisoned at
a wedding feast at West Point, Wis.,
by poison in the coffee. All will
probably recover.
" A heavy snow storm covers the en
tire eastern half of Kansas.
Ex-Congressman I. N. Evans, of
Philadelphia, is dead, aged 64.
Dr. David McDill, surgeon at Fort
Leavenworth, died from apoplexy.
Foreign papers generally comment
. favorably on tne president s message.
George Ehret, an old man of New
York, worth $35,000,000, owns no less
than 800 saloons in that city.
The fish commission sent from
Washington to Honolulu has already
discovered about dO new varities,
many of which are good for food.
Dr. von Holleben, German ambas
sador, iust returned from Europe,
emphatically denies stories that his
country is trying to secure a foothold
in South America.
INDIAN WAR VETERAN BILL.
Pension Measure Which Has Been Introduced
by Senator Mitchell.
Washington, Dec. 12. Senator
Mitchell's Indian war ' veteran bill,
recently introduced, reads as follows:
"That the provisions, . limitations
and benefits of an act entitled 'An
act granting pensions to the surviv
ors of the Indian wars of 1832 and
1842, inclusive, known as the Black
Hawk war, Creek war, Cherokee dis
turbances, and the Seminole war,'
approved July 27, 1892, be and the
same are hereby extended, from
the date of the passage of this act,
to the surviving officers and enlisted
men, including marines, and also
the volunteers of the military and
naval service of the United States
who served for 30 days in the Florida
and Georgia Seminole Indian war of
1817 to 1818 ; the Fevre river Indian
war, of Illinois, of 1827; the Sac and
Fox Indian war of 1831 ; the Sabine
Indian disturbances of 1836 and 1837;
the Cayuse Indian war of 1847 and
1848 on the Pacific coast; the Florida
wars with the Seminole Indians from
1842 to 1858, inclusive; the Texas
and New Mexico Indian war of 1849
to 1856; the California Indian disturb
ances of 1851 and 1852; the Utah In
dian disturbances of 1850 to 1853,
inclusive, and the Oregon and Wash
ington territory Indian wars of 1851
to 1856, inclusive; and also to in
clude the surviving widows of such
officers and enlisted men, provided,
that such widows have not remarried,
and provided furtner, that where
there is no record of enlistment or
muster into the service, in any of the
wars mentioned in this act, the re
cord of pay by the United States shall
be accepted as full and satisfactory
proof of such enlistment and service. "
STILL HAVE RATE TROUBLES.
Violent Disturbance in the Rocky Mountain
Region All Lines Concerned.
Salt Lake, Utah, Dec. 12. Every
railroad doing business in Utah, ac
cording to the Herald, is engaged in
a rate war, the slashing being prin
cipally on west bound traffic, for
which there is a wild scramble, re
gardless of rates. The Bio Grande
road and the Missouri Pacific, com
prising the western part of the Gould
system, ' are said to have been active
in starting the fight. The Oregon
Short Line and the Union Pacific,
says the Herald, . held well aloof on
Chicago - and Missouri river .west
bound business until yesterday, when
shippers over that system were in
formed that they would be' "taken
care of," no matter what might come
up. , . -" . '
With the Union Pacific in the fray,,
all the roads are now mixed up in it,
and westbound business from the At
lantic seaboard is being moved in
many' instances at 50 per, cent of the
regular tariff rates. .Business from
Chicago and Missouri river was taken
yesterday at 30 to 85 per cent reduc
tion on the regular tariff. .
The trouble originated, according
to the Herald, about a month ago,
when the Mallory and Morgan steam
ship lines became engaged in active
competition on shipments from New
York via New Orleans and Galveston
to points in the Bocky muontain ter
ritory, v-i T '.i s '-,
DOLE DENIES REPORT.
Hawaiian Governor Has No Thought of Re
' signing Foreign Physicians Excluded.
Honolulu, Dec. 3, via" San Fran
ciscaVDec. 12. -Governor Dole has.
given another' statement in 'an; ihtef-v
view that he had no thought of re
signing. - . .. . '
The board of health has adopted
rule requiring that all examinations
of physicians who apply for licenses
to practice here shall be in the Eng
lish language hereafter. .. The; rule
may exclude many Japanese . and
other foreign physicians. '
lhe steamer lampico, of tu new
line between Honolulu and Seattle,
arrived here today from the Sound
port, after a stormy trip.' She was 16
days coveringthe distance, owing to
the ieariui storms encountered.
During one of the gales her forecastle
rail was carried away.
The transport Bosecrans -arrived
here on November 27 from Portland,
en route to Manila. . . she took on
coal and left December 3, continuing
on her journey.
lhe battleship Wisconsin is in port
here, having arrived from Fago Pago
on December 1. She will take 1,000
tons of coal and leave in about a
week for Acapulco, Mexico.
Molten Metal Exploded.
Sharon, Par, Dec.;- 12. An explo
sion that shook fhe--earth for miles
around, shattered windows . in hun'f
dreds of houses at South Sharon.
moved adjacent buildings from their
foundations, and caused the injury of
nine men. two perhaps fatally, oc
curred at the Sharon Steel Company's
plant today. The explosion occurred
in the casting department of the pig
mill. The metal was "being poured
from the ladle into the casting ma
chine when it came in contact with
some water, causing the explosion.
Kitchener's Weekly Report . 1
London, Dec. 12. Lord Kitchener,
in a uispatch from Pretoria, reports
that the result of last week's work is
31 Boers killed, 17 wounded, 352
made prisoners, 33 surrendered and
quantities of supplies, captured. By
advancing the line of blockhouses in
the eastern part of the Transvaal,
Lord Kitchener is now able, for the
first time, to carry out systematic and
continuous patrol of that section.
NEWS OF THE STATE
TEMS OF INTEREST FROM ALL
PARTS OF OREGON.
Commercial and Financial Happenings of Im
portance A Brief Review of the Growth
and Improvements of the Many Industries
Throughout Our Thriving Commonwealth
Latest Market Report
A new bank is to be opened in
Grants Pass in the near future.
One hundred thousand bushels of
wheat sold in Pendleton the other
day for 50 cents per bushel.
The first heavy frost of the season
visited The Dalles the latter part of
last week. As yet there has been no
snow fall.
The first regular oil drilling outfit
to be put in operation in Eastern Ore
gon will be set up near Vale within a
few days.
The Listen Lake Gold Mining Com'
pany, with headquarters at Sumpter,
has been incorporated with $500,000
capital stock.
- The firt consignment of coal from
the mineif the Nehalem Coal Min
ing Company, at Nehalem, was ship
ped to Astoria and proves to be very
good fuel.
The Lowell copper mine, of Waldo,
adjoining the celebrated Waldo,
Strong and Cass copper properties.
Southern Oregon, has been sold to
San Francesco capitalists for $30,000.
The property will be opened and
developed on a large scale.
There is one case of smallpox, at
Weston.
The O. B. & N. is erecting a new
depot at Hot Lake. '
There are at present 1,232 inmates
in the state insane asylum at Salem.
The Japanese section house at
Union was burglarized but the theives
were caught.
At La Grande the other day 4,000
bushels of wheat was purchased for
the retail trade.
A number of farmers around Salem
have received as high as 48 cents
for their wheat.
An organization has been effected
in Baker " City for the - purpose of
maintaining a free public library.
The drill and machinery for the oil
well to be drilled at Springfield has
arrived and work will be- commenced
at once.
Nearly all the Polk county prune
crop has been shipped. Most of the
fruit went to the East. Good ad
vances were made.
A painter of The Dalles was bound
and gagged by robbers who secured
$50. The robbery took place in the
man's shop in the business portion of
town. -
Union county lost the case against
Baker county, in which the former
contested the annexation to the latter
of a strip of land known aa the Pan
handle.
Portland Markets..
Wheat Walla Walla, 5960;
Muestem, 6061c; Valley, 59 c.
Flour Best grades, $2.653.20
per barrel; graham, $2.50.
Oats Nominal 95 $1.00 pr cental.
Barley Feed, $1616.50; brewing,
$16 16,50 per ton.
Millstuffs Bran, $16.50 17; mid
dling, $20; shorts, $17; chop, $16.50.
Hay Timothy. $1112; clover,
$77.50; Oregon wild hay, $56 per
ton. - v . - .
Butter. Fancy creamery, 22 325c;
dairy, 1820c; store, 12)14c per
pound. -
,Eggs Storage, 2022; fresh, 27
28c, Eastern 2225c. .
Cheese Fuji cream twins, 13
VAc; Young America, 14 15c.
Poultry Chickens, mixed, $2.50
3.50; hens, $4.00; dressed, 9 10c
per pound ; springs, $2.50 ' 3.00,
per dozen; ducks, $3 for old; $4.50
5.50 for young ; geese, $66.50 pr doz
en ; "turkeys, live, " ll12c ; dressed,
1215c per pound. :'
Mutton Lambs, 3 6 c gross ; dressed
6c per pound; sheep, $3.253.50
gross; dressed, bbc per pound,
Hogs Gross, heavy, $5.12; light,
$4.755; dressed, b7c per pound.
Veal Smalf, 88Kc ; large,77 &c
per pound.
Beef Gross top steers, $3J04.00
cows and heifers, Sd.ou; dressed
beef, 37c per pound.
Hops 810c per, pound.
Wool Valley, 11 14c per pound
Eastern Oregon, 8 12 Jc; mohair,
2121c per pound. - ,
Potatoes 85 95 per sack.
Prof. Bitchey, of the Yerkes obser
vatory at Williams Bay, Wis., has
made a. momentous discovery
astronomy, proving the nebular theo
ry and furnishing photographic evi
dence of evolution among planetary
bodies. ' , ;
Sweden is to establish . a- .wireless
telegraphy system all along ; her
coast. ,
A new process of extracting gold
from low grade ores showed satisfac
tory tests at Colorado mines.
Judge Eli P. Evans, of Columbus,
O., has served as judge of the com
mon pleas court for 25 consecutive
years.
' Vast nickel deposits, the largest
the world, have been located in South
ern Oregon.
PNEUMATIC DYNAMITE GUN.
Satisfactory Test of a New Weapon at
Hil.
ton Head S. C
Savanah, Ga., Dec. 11. The test
of the new pneumatic gun at Hilton
Head, 8. C, yesterday, under the
auspices of a board of army officers, is
believed to have been satisfactory.
Major Ira McNutt, of the ordnance
department, was chief officer of the
board. The gun is at the entrance
to Port Boyal harbor, which it ' com
mands. It was shown that the gun
has a range of 6,000 yards. Eight
projectiles loaded with explosive
gelatine were fired. Six of them ex
ploded upon impact and threw vol
umes of water into the air. . Two
were fixed with time fuses. If they
exploded, it was at such a depth un
der water that no disturbance was
discernible. The. explosive charges
ranged from - 50 to 200 pounds of ni-
trogelatine. Five dummiesiere fired
to test the speed. The government
required that they should -be. dis
charged in 20 minutes. The time
taken to fare them was 10 fn mutes.
Forty dummies of 1,180 pounds each
were then fired as an endurance test.
There was no hitch. .
FORGED JAPANESE BONDS.
Charge Against a Traveler Arrested in
Min-
neapolis Will Contest the Case.'
Minneapolis,. Dec. 11. Acting on
telegraphic instructions , sent from
Washington by Attorney - General
Knox, United States Marshal Grim-
shaw today arrested Francis C. May
er, charged with having committed
forgery in Japan. The arrest was
made upon the Great Northern over
land tram as it pulled into Minneap
olis union station. Mayer was ac
companied by his wife, his two child
ren and a Japanese servant. Mayer
said that he had been in the news
paper business at Yokohama for a
number of yean. The charge against
lm is that he forged signatures on
debenture bonds, but the exact nature
of the crime or the amount of money
involved is not known. He quitted
Yokohama November 19, sailing
upon the Japanese Shinano Maru.
Ever since then the authorities have
been on the lookout for him. In
some manner he managed to evade
the omcers at Seattle.
MINERS ON A STRIKE.
Disagreement Between the .Management and
Vancouver, B. ' C, Dec. 11. A
special from Nanaimo says that the
mines at Alexandra, owned by the
Dunsmuirs, were closed down today
because of a disagreement between
the management and the men. The
unions of mineworkers at Nanaimo,
Alexandra and Extension formed a
general federaion on Saturday. These
mines are not all owned by the same
company, and it was stated that,
while tne Dunsmuir interests were
willing that all' the men in their
mines should federate, consent was
lacking to an association between
Dunsmuir miners and those employed
by other companies. It is announced
that negotiations are now in progress
between the management and the
men looking to the reopening of the
Alexandra mines. The lockout at
Alexandra affects 600 men. The
Extension mines, under the same
ownership, employ a larger number.
MISS STONE HEARD FROM.
American Officers. Will Dispatch Agents
to
Deal With the Bandits.
Sofia, Dec. 11. According to infor
mation received from Salonica, Miss
Ellen M. Stone and Mme Tsilka, her
companion, are concealed in tne. vi
cinity of Bilo, about five miles south
of Dubmtza, ,in .Bulgarian territory.
The news was brought by a Mace
donian, who left there December 1,
and who furnished precise informa
tion regardiing the hiding place, and
th names of the agents supplying
food for the brigands and their cap
tives. It is understood ; that the informa
tion is considered reliable enough to
iustifv the American officers in Tur
key to dispatch agents to treat with
the bandits, and application has al
ready been made to the Turkish gov
ernment for the free passage of the
emissaries across the Turkish fron
tier, which is vigorously guarded by
troops at every hundred yards.
Officers Fight With Robbers.
Lead, S. D., Dec. 11. The store of
Edward Wood, at Galena, S. D., was
robbed of some merchandise and $40
in money last night, and Sheriff
Doten, of Dead wood, and Deputy Pat
rick Paterson, of this city, pursued
the robbers, came up to them and a
fight ensued. One of the robbers
was killed, and the driver, who
escaped, was wounded. The third
was captured. Neither of the omcers
was hurt.
Kearsarge Joins the Squadron.
New York, Dec. 11. The United
States first class battleship Kearsarge
laft. nf. fnilav f lditl . f "Nnrf.h
Atlantic souadron. It is thought
. uvi i. wun y v? iv. " -
that she will proceed directly to Ha
vana. where the other vessels of the
squadron are due to arrive on the
,1. .. ,.. . r. i
nth At the request of General
Wood, the squadron -will remain in
Havana for Christmas.
EXECUTIVE SESSION
SENATE BEGINS CONSIDERATION
OF THE CANAL TREATY.
Lodge Explained the Difference Between the
Old Canal Treaty and the New One A
Chang of - Wording' Gives the United
States the Right to Fottify and Control
the Canal In Time ot War.
Washington, Dec, II. The open
session of the senate yesterday was
devoted to routine business, such as
the presentation of bills, petitions
and memorials. The senate then
went into executive session on motion
of Lodge, who has charge of the Hay-
irauncetote treaty, and adiourned at
1:55 o'clock. After going into ex
ecutive session. Senator Hoar present
ed the - report of the committee on
judiciary, recommending the con
firmation of Attorney General Knox.
The senate then, before taking up
the Isthmian .canal treaty, ""proceeded
to pass upon 'other nominations, of
which there,; are an .exceptionally
large number before the seriate. - s .
After . a riumber of nominations
had been confirmed -Senator Lodge
called up tb$ canal treaty and made a
brief statement regarding" that con
vention'. The senate then adjourned
in order to give the Democratic mem
bers of: the Committee an opportunity
to hold a meeting. ". " "
Lodge contended, that the new
treaty does away with all the objec
tionable features of the last conven
tion, and enumerated the particulars
in which the revised agreement con
forms to the action of the senate in
the last congress, when the old treaty
was before it. He analyzed the new
treaty from beginning to end, show
ing that in specific terms it abrogates
the Clayton Bulwer treaty .of 1850,
which, he said, had stood constantly
in the way of the construction of an
isthmian canal. The abrogation of
this treaty, he contended, was a most
important achievement, and he did
not believe that the United States
should or would lose an opportunity
to make secure that concession. -
Senator Lodge also called attention
to the omission in paragraph 1 of
article 3 of the words "in time of
war as in time of peace." , He said
that in the old treaty the paragraph
read "that the canal shall be free
and open - in time of war as in time
of peace, to the.-vessels of commerce
and of war of all nations on terms of
entire equality, " etc. He urged'that
the omission of this phrase had the
effect practically of leaving . the
United States to do with the canal
in time of war according to its own
pleasure. He also referred to the fact
that rule 7 in the treaty of the
powers regulating the control of the
Suez canal, which ' had been em
bodied in the original Hay-Pauncefote
treaty, had been omitted from the re
vised draft.
He quoted from this rulewhich
provided that "no fortifications shall
be erected commanding the canal or
the waters adjacent," etc. . "This, he
said, was a material . concession to
the United States, and . was. quite
sufficient to meet the objections made
against . the agreement, that ' the
United States would have no power
to protect its property. -..'It .practical
ly left the United States free to fort
ify the canal in case it should be con
sidered desirable to do so, and was in
line, with the omission of the restric
tion keeping-the canal Topen in, time
or war.
THE BRITISH COAL TRADE.
Falling Off of Exports Causes a Good Deal
of Apprehension. . .. . .
; New York, Dec. II. The situation
in the British coal trade is causing a
great deal of. apprehension on the
part of .the owners and merchants,
and there Is 'a resumption of the
foutcry against the - export tax .which
tormed so prominent a ieature ot sir
Michael Hicks-Beach's last budget,
says the London correspondent of the
Tribune; .Coal, exports have de.
creased . by. 158,000 tons during the
first JO months., of the present year,
and . the average number of days
Worked by the colliers has generally
fallen off, while in most of the prin
cipal districts the supply is in excess
of the demand. ' The iron industry,
which usually accounts for 35,000,
000 to 40,Q00,000 tons , a year, has
greatly ' redueed its -consumption,
owing to the reduction in the num
ber of furnaces in blasU "
Cruiser May Co to Panama.
-San Francisco, Dec Jl2. The Upit-f
ed States cruiser Philadelphia has
come down : frpm' the- Mare Island
navy yard,-where she has been under
going repairs, and is now awaiting
Orders. . It is expected that she will
go to Panama. The army transport
Hancock is scheduled to sail . for
Manila on the 16th, with " 1,100 sol
diers of the Twenty-seventh infantry.
ine ssnenoan will be in readiness to
sail at the same time. She is to
carry 1,700 soldiers and passengers.
' Arid Land Bill. v ), , ' -Washington,
Dec., j2. A confer
ence of the senators and rerresenta-
irrigation of arid - lands' has deter-
- ! mined to make the - Hanborough
Newland bill the basis of action, and
' thi. taesure ' is being perfected for
united support. ' - It provides that
the proceeds of the sale of public ands
8nall aside as a fund for arid
lands reclamation and irrigation.
INTO OPEN SWITCH.
Southern Pacific Tra!.t Is Wrecked at Salem
Engineer and Fireman Killed.
Sabm, Or., Dec. 8. The north'
bound California express No. 12, due
here at 4:34 and in Portland at 7 P.
M., was derailed at the trestle 200
yards south of the Salem station on
its schedule time yesterday afternoon.
The engine and the mail and baggage
cars, smoker, and one day coach left
the rails. ' Fireman Fish received in
juries from which he died soon after
being taken to the hospital. Engi
neer , W imam tl. White was badly
scalded, and it was thought he would
recover, but he died at 5 10 this
morning. None of the passengers or
other members of the train crew re
ceived any injuries.
An open switch 20 yards south of
the trestle caused the accident. The
scene of the wreck is within the yard
limits. The train was on time and
was entering the station yard at a
moderate rate of speed. The train
consisted of eight coaches, including
the special car of Superintendent
Fields, who was promptly on the
scene and personally directed the
operations in extricating the fireman
and engineer and clearing the tracks.
The engine, mail and baggage
coaches, smoker and one day coach
took the switch track, the other cars
remaining on the main track. The
engine and the mail coach left the
switch upon entering the trestle and
plunged into the creek about 12 feet
below. ' Fireman Fish jumped and
was caught beneath the trucks of the
ggage car, which was then directly
across the tracks. His body was
fearfully mangled -and he lived only
15 minutes after reaching Florence
sanitarium. Two day coaches left
the rails but remained on the embank
ment. The passengers were badly
shaken up but none were injured.
Engineer White remained at his
post and his left leg was caught be
tween the engine and tender. Two
hours of hard labor was required to
extricate him and the limb for its en
tire length was severely scalded by
steam that came from the firebox.
Although in great pain not a murmur
escaped his lips, nor did he lose con
sciousness, and when finally released
his first inquiry was for his fireman.
The cause of the accident was un
questionably an open switch. The
blame, therefore, has not been defi
nitely fixed. The switch is supposed
to have been left insecurely closed by
the crew of the freight train which
left the station yard less than an hour
before the arrival of the passenger
train. - The lock to -the switch is
missing and has not been found.
The section foreman, who passed over
the main track subsequent to the de
parture of the freight train, says the
switch "was properly adjusted, but the
absence of the switch lock cannot be
explained. It is not considered prob
able that in broad day light and
within 200 yards of the depot the
switch was tampered with 30 minutes
before the arrival of the train. . En
gineer White said the switch was half
open He had slowed down and was
running 20 miles -an hour. The en
gine took the switch and the tender
took the main track.
WONDERFUL MONTANA CAVE.
Believed to Be One of .the Largest and Most
Valuable to Science in the World.
Butte, Mont., Dec. 10. A new and
wonderful natural cave believed to be
one of the largest known, has just
been discovered in the cany.on of the
Jefferson, on the line of, the Northern
Paoific railway,, about 50 miles east
of Butte: ' An exploration party from
Butte spent several days in the cave,
going over an are of 10 miles, arid to
a depth of nearly 1,000 feet. ' A large
river, with a cataract of about 100
feet was explored for a distance of
several - miles, without discovering
its source ' or outlet. . A few articles
of stone and copper utensils and some
bones, believed to be' human, were
also found- in one of tne large apart
ments of the cave. There were other
evidences that at some time in a
prehistoric period the cave was in
habited.
Water More Valuable Than Oil.
E4 Paso, Tex., Dec. 10. A dispatch
from Las Cruces announces that the
oil borers at Engle, N. M., have
struck an artseian well at a depth of
200 feet, which swept 1,000 gallons
per hour through a two inch hole
Engle is situated in tne hear t of the
famous Journey of Death - desert,
which is one ot tne most arid regions
known, and the strike of water will
prove far more valuable than an oil
gusher. During the Mexican war,
out of a column of 165 soldiers who
started across the desert, 151 perished,
; Heavy Grain Movement to Mexico.
" El Paso, Tex., Dec. 10. The Atch
ison, Topeka & Santa Fe road has an
nounced it would accept no more,
wheat for Mexico for the ' present.
The Santa Fo'yards;here are crowded
with" cars-loaded' with: wheat con
signed to Mexican ports. It is-stated
that President Diaz, in order to undo
the grain combine in Mexico, will
issue an order extending the time un
til next August for wheat and corn
to enter Mexico free of duty.
A CARNEGIE OFFER
WILL GIVE SI 0,000,000 FOR A
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY.
President Roosevelt Will Send His Letter to
Congress in a Special Message Does
Not Ask the Goverment to Appropriate
a Dollar Leading Educators of the
Country Endorse the Plan.
Washington, Dec. 11. President
Boosevelt has received a letter from
Andrew Carnegie in which the latter
offers to make a donation of $10,000,
000 to the United States. The letter
will be referred to congress by the
president in a special message.
Mr. Carnegie's gift is for the pur
pose of establishing in Washington a
university for higher education. As
far as his idea has been developed, it
proposed a gift after the manner of
the bequest of James Smithson, the
Englishman, who gave $1,000,000
for . the establishment and mainte
nance of what is now known as the
Smithsonian institute. Smithson
desired the institute founded by him
to be a factor in the diffusion of sci
entific knowledge. Mr. Carnegie pro
posed that the university which he is
to endow shall be the greatest insti
tution in the world for the develop
ment of higher education. He has
consulted President Gilman, of Johns
Hopkins University ; President Had
ley, of Yale; President Eliot, of Har
vard ; ex-President White of Cornell,
and all the leading educators in the
country. They heartily endorse, his
plans.
The proposed university will not
interfere in the least with the educa
tional institutions already established,
but will supplement them, for, ac
cording to the present plan, its doors
will be open only to those who desire
to take up a post graduate course.
Mr. Carnegie also wants the new uni
versity to take the lead in original
researches, so fhat the United States
can eventually stand side by side with
Germany, if not excel that nation.
in scientific development.
Mr. Carnegie s plan does not pro
pose a national university in the sense
that an appropriation will'be asked or
needed. The government is'simply -to
be the trustee of the magnificent en
dowment, just as it administers the
fund bequeathed by Smithson. It is
probable that a board of regents will
be appointed, as in the case of the
Smithsonian institution, it may be
that the governmeni will be repre
sented upon the board of directors,
which, it is contemplatetd, shall con
sist of men of national reputation.
Mr. Carnegie has kept the proposed
endowment a secret until he could
definitely arrange the plan and scope
of the new university. Even yet, all
these details have not been arranged,
so that little more than the outline of
the gift can be published. It is
known, however, that he does not
propose to ask from Congress a single
foot of land.
JUMPED A SWITCH.
Wrecking of a Passenger Train on the Cen
tral of Georgia.
Macon, Ga., Dec. 11. The Central
Georgia passenger train from Savanah,
after crossing the river entering
Macon at about 4 o'clock this morning
with 100 passengers jumped a switch
on a big embankment. The engine
and tender parted from the train.
The baggage and express cars were
thrown into a culvert and burned.
The second class coach was thrown on
its side and burned. The first class
passenger coach fell over the embank
ment. The Atlanta sleeper, filled
with passengers, eaught fire and was -destroyed."
Twocoacl.es were saved.
FREIGHT TRAINS COLLIDED.
Accident Happened on a Trestle at Salem
Nobody Was Injured.
Salem, Or., Dec. 10. A head-on
collision between the southbound
extra .fieight train and the regular
northbound freight, No. 226, oc
curred at 4:25 o'clock yesterday after
noon, within 200 yards of the passen
ger depot in this city. The engine
of thextra freight was badly dis
abled. . None of either train crew was
injured. The scene of the accident
was on ther trestle across a branch of
Mill creek, about 400 yards distant
from Saturday's fatal wreck. The
trestle is on a curve, bordered by a
high board fence, where an ap
proaching train is net visible 100
yards ahead.
Strong Appeal for Death List
. New York, Dec. 11. Liberal news
papers are appealing to Mr. Broderick
to publish the October figures of the
mortality in the concentration camps
in South Africa, says the London
correspondent of the Tribune. There
has never been such delay in an
nouncing the previous monthly re
ports, and it is feared that owing to
the heavy rainfalls which have been
reported, the death rate among
children cannot have decreased to any
appreciable exztent. ,
Canal Route Leased.
Managua, Dec. 11. Dr. Ferdinand
Sanipez, Nicaraguan minister of for
eign affairs, and William L. Merry,
United States minister to Nicaragua,
signed a treaty today by which Nic
aragua agrees to lease a section of
Nicaraguan territory six miles wide,
which includes the route of the Nica
ragua canal, to the United States perpetually.