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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1901)
i f - OUI'U" ' nrnnnwn
From the window of the chapel softly
sounds an organ's note,
Through the peaceful Sabbath gloaming
drifting- shreds of music float,
And the quiet and the firelight and the
sweetly solemn tunes
Bear me dreaming back to boyhood and
Its Sunday afternoons;
When we gathered in the parlor, in the
- parlor stiff and grand.
Where the haircloth chairs and sofas
stnnrl nrrnved. a Kloomy band.
Where each queer oil portrait watched ni
with a countenance of wood.
And the shells upon the whatnot in a
dustless splendor stood.
Then the quaint old parlor organ, with
the Quaver in its tongue.
Seemed to tremble in its fervor as the
sacred songs were sung,
As we sang the homely anthem, sang tha
glad revival hymns
Of the glory of the story and the light
no sorrow dims.
While the dusk grew even deeper and
the evening settled down.
And the lamp-lit windows twinkled in
the drowsv little town.
Old and young we sang the ch"orus and
the echoes told it o er
In the dear, familiar voices, hushed or
From the windows of the chapel faint
and low the music dies.
And the picture in the firelight fades be
fore my tear-dimmed eyes,
But my wistful fancy, listening, hears
the night wind hum the tunes
That we saug there in the parlor on those
PRESIDENT EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION.
I TAKING HIS ADVICE
toil- 1E3I jitii
THE WORLD'S GOAL
Art of Palishlng Diamonds Unknown
Dp to the Fourteenth Century.
Pliny said that in gems might be per
ceived all tbe majesty of nature united
in small space. Epitomes of aii that is pacjs ancj Calculations Touching
add to splendor of form and color the
quality that most Impresses the Imag
ination of finite man, durability, while
In virtue of their rarity' they become
I most truly precious attributes all pos
sessed in sovereign degree by the dia
mond, tbe Greek adamas, the "Indom
itable," tbe marvelous stone which
nothing in nature, so the ancients be
lieved, could Impress; which placed on
an anvil and struck with a hammer, as
Martial and Lucretius record (an erron
eous test, responsible for the loss of
many fine stones), shivered the iron
without being -affected by the blow.
Plato described this gem as a kind of
kernel formed In gold, condensed from
tbe purest and noblest part of - the
metal, and prized more for its medical
and psychical virtues rather than for
its beauty; in fact, up to the fourteenth
century the art of polishing the dia
mond with its own dust bad not been
discovered. His theories were sustain
ed as late as the beginning of the fif
teenth century by the alchemist Car
dan, who believed that precious stones
were- engendered by Juices distilled
from gold, silver and iron in the cavi
ties of the rocks, and who asserted sol
emnly that these masterpieces of na
ture, these quintescences of -the pre
cious metals, not only live, but also
suffer illness, old age and death. This
conviction that even the impenetrable
Annual Output When Considered
Bulk Gives Rise to Fears.
Bat 1,000 Tears of Reserve Left Barely
Allays All Anxiety TJe Imagination
StaBKera Uoler the Array of Facta
Illustrated by Diagrams and Forti
fied by Calculations A Train 71,000
Miles Long; to Transport Our Annual
other words, the coal that has been
mined In the United States within thir
ty years would build a Chinese wall of
tbe dimensions given, across the United
States from tbe lowest point in Texas
to the northern boundary of North Da
kota, and extending 200 miles Into Brit
Or, 1 1-3 cubic miles of material would
construct an enormous breakwater run
ning out to sea twenty-two miles, one
mile wide and 820 feet high.
In order to get a clearer conception of
what an enormous bulk is represented
by the output of coal for one year, let
us undertake to move It For con
venience we will assume that a coal car
HE coal barons
announce that the
price of coal will
advance by a fixed
agreed upon by the
producers. We are
also told that tbe
coal supply will be
exhausted In a few
years. The first
TK!f MIXUTKS' OUTPUT.
crystal of tbe diamond Incloses its announcement, says Pennsylvania Grit,
of WililamsDort is a stubborn fact
with all the vague mystical notions! - yieiu 10 tugumeui, ujc i ami we nave jumii raiuiic.i6".j Fk,....
is thirty feet long and carries twenty
tons. On this basis it would require
12,500,000 cars to bold 250,000,000 tons
of coal, and if the cars were put into a
train, making no allowance for coupling
spaces, tbe train would be over 71,000
miles long. Such a train would prac-
tnerchant marine devoted to the eoal -carrying
trade would be swelled to the
stupendous number of 1,420,000 ships.
These calculations give us something
of an idea of the extent of the coal
mining industry, and dispose our minds
to accept without question the alarmist
reports sent out from time to time co
Incidently with the announcement of.
an advance in the market price. How
ever, there Is another side to the ques
tion. It Is estimated that tbe area of
coal lands in the world Is 472,000 acres,
distributed as follows: China and Ja- .
pan, 200,000; United States, 194,000;
India, 35,000; Russia. 27.000: Great
Britain, 9,000; Germany, 3,000; other
countries, 3,200. It Is also estimated
that tbe coal supply of China, Japan,
Great Britain, Russia, Germany, and
India is 303,000,000,000 tons, an amount
sufficient to supply the world for 450
years at the present rate of consump
tion. Tbe coal still unmlned In tbe
United States is estimated at 500,000,
000,000 tons In round numbers, an
amount regarded as sufficient to ex
tend tbe period of tbe world's consump
tion to 1,000 years, at tbe present rate.
Now, we have here something to al
lay our anxiety on tbe score of speedy
exhaustion of the coal supply. Few of
us will live l.OOO" years, and we can
safely rely upon tbe inventive genius
or discoveries of future ages to supply
a substitute for coal long before tbe
stock runs short. If coal continues to
advance In price at the rate at which
It is going this year, the capacity of
the public to purchase will have ceased
long before the available supply shall
have been exhausted.
It may not be amsiss to attempt to
represent tbe reserve supply of coal in
tlcally extend three times around tbe
globe. Multiply this yearly output by j this country by means of a diagram.
It. SHELDON was the princl
pal merchant In the Important
'manufacturing town of Tor-
mont He was proud of bis wealth, but
he was still more proud of the fact that
he bad made it all himself, and his
pride was greatest because be bad
made it by never allowing anybody to
get ahead of him.
"That's the secret of success in life,
Harry," he said, one day, to his favor
ite clerk. "Sharp's the motto, if you
wish to rise. I don't mean you should
cheat; that, of course, is both wrong
and ungentlemanly." ... (Mr. Sheldon
prided himself,, also, on being what
he called "a gentleman," and above all
little meannesses.) "But always be
wide-awake, and never let anybody
cheat you. I've noticed, by the bye, that
you've seemed rather downhearted late
ly. If It's because you've your for
tune yet to make, don't despair; but fol
low my advice. An opening will come
at some time for something better than
a clerkship, and though I shall be sorry
to lose you, yet I'll give you up, if
it's for your interest."
"Thank you," said Harry, apparently
not a bit cheered up by this cool way
of being told he had nothing to expect
from Mr. Sheldon; "but It's not exact
ly that I suppose I shall get along
"What is It, my dear boy, then? I
really take an Interest in you, as you
know" and he did, so far as words
were concerned. "Perhaps I can give
you some advice."
"Well," said Harry, with some hesi
tation, "I'm In love, and "
"In love!" exclaimed the rich mer
chant. "In love, and with only a clerk's
salary to marry on. It will never do
never do, Harry. Marriage for one like
you is fastening a millstone round your
neck, unless. Indeed" and he stopped.
as if a bright thought had struck him
"unless. Indeed, the girl Is rich."
"She Is rich, or will be, I suppose,'
answered Harry, "for her father Is a
wealthy man. But that's Just the diffi
culty. Her father would never let her
marry a poor man, and she won't marry
without his consent"
"What a miserable tyrant!" said Mr;
Sheldon. "If I was the lover, Harry,
I'd run off with her. I'd checkmate
the old curmudgeon In that way," and
he chuckled at the imaginary triumph
he would achieve. " 'Pon my soul, 1
would! I never, as I told you, let any
body take a rise out of me."
"But would that be honorable?"
"Honorable? Isn't everything fair in
love and war? I thought you had some
pluck, Harry. How I should like to see
the stingy old bulk rave and stump
about on his gouty toes for he must be
gouty when he beard of your elope
And he laughed till his portly sides
shook at the picture he bad conjured
"He'd probably never forgive me,"
said Harry, dejectedly. "And then
what could I do, with a wife brought
up to every luxury, and only a poor
clerk's salary to support her on?"
"Never forgive you? Trash and non
sense! They always do forgive. They
can't help it . Besides," with a confi
dential Wink, "I think I know your
man. It's that skinflint Meadows. I've
heard of your being sweet on his
daughter. She's a pretty minx, though
she Is his child. Oh, you needn't deny
it I saw how you hung about her at our
party tbe other night; and .when I
joked about it with my daughter the
' next morning she as good as admitted
that It was true, saying it would be a
good match for you. Now, I owe old
Meadows a grudge. He tried to do me
in those railway shares last winter, and
I mean to pay blm for it, somehow. I
tell you what I'll do. I mustn't ask.
mind you, who the girl is. Mum must
be tbe word. I mustn't, of course, be
known in the affair; but I'll give you a
leave of absence for a month and a
check for 50 to pay for-your wedding
trip If you'll make a runaway match.
Is it agreed? Well, there's my hand
' on it Here's tbe check. Egad! Won't
. tbe old rascal howl when be hears how
we've done him V ,'
Harry seemed to hesitate, however.
and It was not till Mr. Sheldon, eager
to see his old commercial rival put at
. a disadvantage, had urged him again
and again;' and promised to stand by
him, that he finally consented, and took
the check which his employer persisted
In forcing upon him.
The next morning Mr. Sheldon came
. down to breakfast in high glee, for a
note bad reached him just as be was
shaving, which ran as follows: . -
"Dear Sir I have, with much diffi
culty, persuaded ber to elope. U was
William Miller Beardshear, elected President of the National Educational As
sociation, is President of the Iowa state College of Agriculture at Ames, Xowa.
He was president of the Western College of Toledo. Iowa, from 1881 to 1889
and was superintendent of the Des Moines city schools from 18S9 to 1891 and
president of the Iowa State Teachers' Association in 1894. He was United States
Indian Commissioner in 1897-98. Mr. Beardshear has been president of the Iowa
State Agricultural College at Ames since 1891. He was born at Dayton, Ohio,
and was educated at Oberlin and at Yale. ; -
not, however, till I showed her your
check that she would consent to do so.
She said that she was sure you would
not recommend anything that was
wrong; that you would advise her as
if you were her own father, and she
hopes you will stand by us. We shall
be married to-morrow, before Mr.
Meadows is up. Very thankfully.
"HARRY CONRAD." .
The old gentleman brought the note
with him to the table, opened it out be
fore him, adjusted his spectacles and
read it over and over again. " -
I'd give a 10 note," he said chuck
ling, "to. see the old fellow's face when
he hears how Harry has done bim."
It was the custom of Mr. Sheldon to
read his newspaper at breakfast, while
waiting for his only child and daugh
ter, who, a little spoiled by overindut
gence, was generally late.
But this morning Matty - was later
. The banker had read all the foreign.
as well as tbe home news,, and even
reperused Harry's note, and still she
bad not made her appearance.
The lazy puss!" he said at last Then
he looked up at the clock. "Half an
hour late! Now, this is really too bad.
John!" he cried, addressing tbe man
servant at the sideboard, "send and
why Miss Sheldon doesn't come
down. Tell her," with a severe air, "I'm
tired of waiting."
John came back in about five min
utes, looking very much flustered. -
"If you please, sir," he stammered.
Miss Sheldon's not in her room, and
the maid says that tbe bed looks as if
it hadn't been slept in all night."
The rich merchant's jaw fell.
He started up, with a cry of agony, to
go and see. But he was prevented by
tbe footman appearing at tbe door with
A ' telegram!" cried the merchant.
unfolding it with his trembling hands.
What can it mean? Has she been
found dead anywhere?" - -
This was the telegram:
"Dear Father Harry and I were
married at 8 o'clock this morning. I
would not consent to an elopement till
Harry assured me you had advised it,
and had shown me your check as proof.
He says you promised to stand by us,
and I know you pride yourself on never
breaking a promise. We wait for your
blessing. . :"'".- ' MATTY.".
"Well, I never!" ejaculated Mr. Shel
don, when he had recovered breath.
"The impudent, disobe -"
But here he stopped stopped, and
mopped his bald bead, which. In bis ex
citement, bad broken out into great
drops of perspiration. He remembered
that he had himself advised Harry to
elope, and that, if the story got wind,
be would be the laughing stock of the
town, including hardest cut of all Mr.
Meadows. He remembered, too, that
he had but one child, and that she was
all in all to him.
So he accepted tbe inevitable and tel
egraphed back: -
'You may come home, and the sooner
the better, so as to keep the 50 for pin
money. Tell Harry he's too sharp to
remain a clerk, and that I take him to
day Into partnership.. Only he must
remember that partners never tell tales
out of school. God bless you!
Tbe runaways returned by the next
train. The marriage proved, too, an
eminently happy one. The story never
got out We only teH It now in confi
dence. Woman's Life.
titled husband a fortune which while
large is by no means equal to that of
concerning the Influence of gems, the
waning and rejuvenescence of the
pearl, the opal, the turquoise, in accord
ance with the fortunes of their human
owners, the prescriptions of the an
cient pharmacopeia which administer
ed powders of topaz or of hyacinth for
the cure of hypochondria or sleepless
ness; the superstitions of astrological
mineralogy, whicb assigned a stone to
each month and to each sign of the
zodiac; Theophrastus' division of gems
other statement will appear less alarm
ing if we examine it In the light of such
Information as we are able to get.
According to statistical reports the
output of coal in the United States last
year was In round numbers 250,000,000
for the output for thirty years. In this mate dimensions.
case the train would consist of 150,-1 If the coal mined within thirty years
000,000 cars and would be 1,420,000 is equivalent to a block of the dl men
miles long, or long enough to reach Blons of a cubic mile, the reserve may
round the world fifty-nine times. be Indicated by a block 100 times as
Here is another aspect of the ques- large In cubical contents. - That is to
the young woman whom Count BonI de . . . . K . Tr ... .. .
r-fi... ...., 0, ,, into male and female, and the theories
v.tioi,viiuiic -iAia.i i. icu, uvuui aiauioiao
is a larger and more manly edition of
his brother Count Boni, with whom he
has lived for the last few years.
"Marry, my sons, and marry happily,
but be sure and marry, money. I have
no money to leave you."
This injunction was given by that
sage old worldling, the Marquis de Cas
tellane, as his sons arrived at the years
of "discretion. They have followed his
advice with tbe most absolute filial
duty. Count Boni got Anna Gould and
of Dioscorldes, of. Avicenna, of AI-
bertus Magnus and of St. Thomas
Aquinas all these may be traced back
to their origin ' in : that magnificent
treasury of jewels, that dwelling place
of mystery and witticism. India, whose
philosophers held the cardinal principle
that tbe souls of tbe erring might be
imprisoned In the rock and serve out.au
incarnation In a gem. LIppincott's
.NEW COUNTK&S Ci S ri-LI. AN K.
the most money. Count Jean cap.ured
the rich Widow of Furstenberg, Marie
Louise of Talleyrand-Perigord. And
now comes along Count Stan'sUis. the
last of the trio, whose marriage is an
nounced to the daughter of Emilio Ter
ry, of the rich and famous Cuban-New
York family of that name.
While Count Stanislas does not secure
as much money, perhaps, to help reglld
the ignoble escutcheon of the Castel-
lanes as Boni or Jean, he gets a wife
whose face is described In the Paris
chronicles as delicious to look upon.
Curiously enough, In two Instances
the money procured to the Castellane
family by the advice of this up-to-date then backing out of the engagement
ALARMING THE YOUNG MAN,
Haw the Tonne Woman's Mother
Cinched the Case Early.
It was the second time that the hero
of the story bad accompanied the young
lady home. She asked him if be would
not come in. He said be would.
She was hardly gone before her moth
er came in, smiled sweetly, and, drop
ping down beside the young man, said :
I always did say tbat If a poor but
respectable young man fell in love with
our Sarah, he should have my consent.
The young man started with alarm.
"She has acknowledged to me that
she loves you," continued the mother.
and whatever is for ber happiness is
I I haven't " stammered the
"Oh, never mind; make no apology.
I know you haven't much money, but.
of course, you'll live In my house."
"I had no Idea of " he began.
"I know you hadn't, but It's all right,
continued Sarah's mamma, reassuring
ly. "With your wages and what the
boarders will bring in we shall . get
along as comfortably as possible."
The young man's eyes stood out like
hatpegs, and he rose up and tried to
say something. ' '
Never ; mind about thanks," she
cried; "I don't believe In long court
ships. The 20th of May Is my birth
day, and it would be nice for you to be
married on that day."
'.'But but but ' he gasped.
"There, there! I don't expect any
reply," she laughed. "I'll try and be a
model mother-in-law. . I believe I'm
good-tempered and kind-hearted, though
I did once follow a young man a couple
of hundred miles with a broomstick for
agreeing to marry my daughter, and
anjMsajsniMSiyiMW " - "llfrllliHilllllMIM
f--fyw ,V A & - - - si.).ZU:r' ? - 1 "f J ' J -:".-. , ' i.' I
tmrimnT-n 1 '
HAULING ONE YEAR'S OUTPUT OF AMERICAN COAL.
ANNA GOULD'S SISTER-IN-LAW.
Eenorlta Na.lco Terry, Who Baa Mar
ried Oe Castellane'a Brother.
Senorita Natico Terry, whose -mar
riage to the Count Stanislas de Castel
lane, brother of Count Boni de Castel
lane, is announced. Is the daughter of
Senor and Senora Francisco Emilio
Terry, of Cuba, New York and Paris.
She Is a niece by marriage of the prima
donna; Sybil Sanderson, and a grand
daughter of tbe late Tomaso Terry, the
i fabulously rich Cuban planter, who be
gan life as a peddler of cheap jewelry
In Havana and ended as one of tbe rich
est land-owners on the Island. - The
new Countess Castellane Is 22 years
old. N She was educated at a convent in
Paris, and has lived in great- seclusion.
after tbe fashion of aristocratic French
girls. She Is said to speak with equal
Polonlus to his sons was made by two
peddlers in America. One was Jay
Gould, who peddled mousetraps; the
other was "old Terry, the sugar man,
who started in life peddling cheap Jew
elry. . . -
Once "King of the Wheat Pit."
There died In San- Francisco a few
days ago in great "obscurity a man
whose name was known all over the
country in 1887 ;as
the "king " of the
wheat pit." At the
time when William
Dresbach came in
to national prom
Boulanger was the
man of the hour in
France, and it was
quite generally be-
She patted him on the head and sailed
And now the young man wants ad
vice. He wants to know whether he
had better get in the way of a locomo
tive or Jump off the nearest bridge.
tons. As a ton of coal In strata repre
sents about one cubic yard, last year's
output was 250,000,000 cubic yards.
This amount of coal would make a
stack a mile square and approximately
400 feet high. It is an enormous quan
tity, and we may be excused for some
alarm when we are told that the re
serve supply will soon be exhausted.
But It may be well to look into the mat
ter a little before getting into a panic of
fear.- However, before relieving our
distress of mind, let us enjoy a brief
season of additional shivers. -
Thir'y Yean' l'rodnct.
Somebody has estimated that during
the past thirty years we have mined
6,000,000,000 tons of coal.. Do we real-
tion. Assuming that our average an
nual output is 220,000,000 tons, a week's
output would build a pyramid by the
side of which the Great Pyramid of
Cheops would be dwarfed to compara
tive insignificance; and every ten min
utes there is raised 15,000 tons of coal.
Suppose we take a gigantic pair of
scales, and In one pan put one of our
large new battleships weighing 14,600
tons, and in the other pan tbe coal
mined in a single period of ten minutes.
The battleship would be elevated to a
position neither natural nor dignified,
yet in accordance with the inexorable
law of gravitation.
"' But of the great mass of coal we pro
duced in 1900 only 7,000,000 tons were
lieved that he was about to overthrow
the republic. Such a coup d'etat would
have resulted In a war In France, and
would have sent the price of foodstuffs
soaring. - Dresbach started to discount
the future and attempted to corner tbe
wheat market of the country., . He was
afthe time the President of the Pro
duce Exchange of San Francisco, and
he was backed in his effort by the mil
lions of; the Nevada bank, -of which
J. C. Flood and John W. Mackay, the
mining millionaires, were the owners.
Under the skillful manipulations of
Dresbach the price of wheat went
steadily up until on Aug. 2, 1887, It
touched $2.17' a cental. But the load
was too heavy and the same day the
bubble burst - Dresbach lost all his
own large fortune, James C. Flood was
caught for nearly $6,000,000, and James
G. Fair for $4,000,000. As for Dres
bach, he dropped at once Into complete
obscurity, rrom wnicn be never
emerged. The last fifteen years he has
spent as a broker In a small way.
Probably every child cherishes - it
against his parents that they - once
. Poltteneas as a Fine Art.
A Vienna correspondent writes that
there is a law in Austria which makes
It a very serious offense to insult a pub
lic official, or even to offend bis dignity
in any way. Public officials include all
railway employes from traffic director
to porter, policemen, tramway drivers
and conductors and municipal street
cleaners. Recently an electric tramcar
ran Into an omnibus and overturned it.
One of the omnibus passengers, Frau
Sldonle Lahkh, wife of a well-known
doctor In Vienna, was badly cut and re
ceived a severe shock to her nerves.
which prostrated her for weeks. After
the collision, in ber alarm and pain, she
cried, referring to the driver of the elec
tric car: "The wretched fellow! Why
couldn't he stop sooner?" ". For this ex
pression she was summoned and sen
tenced to a fine of 1 13s Sd "for Insult
ing a public official." J .
41 lu. ... A XT-.Mre i.o, V mi , m
A WALL OF COAL, 2.000 MILES LONG.
' Interesting Smoking; Statistics.
Holland holds the first place In the
world as a nation of smokers. - Every
Dutchman consumes on an average 100
ounces a year. The Belgian comes a
good second with an annual consump
tion of 80 ounces, followed closely by
Turkey with 70 ounces, and the United
States ; with 60 ounces. Germany,
France, Spain, and Italy tread closely
on their heels, while the United King
dom comes comparatively low on the
list with 23 ounces. - . '
fluency French, Italian. German, En-1 gave him a calf, and kept the money
glish, a Spanish, and brings to her when they sold It.
The women are wearing a white
glove now that looks exactly like the
gloves men wear when they act as pall
bearers. " '. '':;:--
Rich widows are the only desirable
econd-band articles on the market.
Ize what that means. ; This quantity of
coal, estimating a ton at a cubic yard,
and dealing In round numbers, would
make one cubic mile; that Is, a block
one mile high, one. mile broad, and one
mile thick. But this calculation is made
on the basis of coal closely compacted
in the strata. When coal Is brought to
the surface it gains, about one-third in
bulk. - Let us suppose, therefore, that
each ton of coal after being extracted
from the mine occupies a space of
about forty cubic feet This is not un
common allowance for storage. It fol
lows, therefore, that one cubic mile of
coal in the mine becomes on the surface
1 1-3 cubie miles A person with a taste
for mathematical calculations -can fig
ure out that 1 1-3 cubic miles of ma
terial would build a wall 160 feet high,
140 feet broad at the base, 100 feet wide
at the top, and 2,000 miles long. In
exported. Nevertheless, comparatively
insignificant as this amount seems In
comparison with the total output, it
would require about 334,000 cars of
twenty tons capacity each to haul It to
the . seaboard for shipment and it
would supply cargoes of 3,500 tons each
to 2,000 vessels. England exports an
nually 42,000,000 tons of coal, and; to
transport It 12,000 vessels, each of car
rying capacity of 3,500 tons, are re
quired. . v
:; 71,000 Tralnloada. :
: Let us imagine a condition In which
our entire annual output would be ex
ported. In tbat case we should have
71,000 trains each a mile long carrying
coal from tbe mines to tidewater, and
the seas would be crowded with more
than 70,000 loaded ships. If we carry
the calculations still further and deal
with the output for thirty years, the
say, the coal still in the bowels of tbe
earth would make a cube of 100 miles
dimensions. As a matter of fact, if
the coal supply is 500,000,000,000 tons
tha ... . Ti ... 1 1. 1 . -t-ro
miles In height breadth and thickness,
and the thirty years' output would be
a cube of about 1.73 miles. But for con
venience the even numbers are used,
though they are far below the actual
figures. The proportions, however, are
given with sufficient accuracy. -
A London paper has dug up a procla
mation Issued 600 years ago by Ed
ward I., which indicates that coal was
not appreciated so much by the people
of the fourteenth century as It is now.
The proclamation is referred to in 1652
"Whereas in tbe year of our Lord
God 1306, King Edward the I by proc
lamation prohibited the burning of sea
cole in London and the suburbs to
avoid the sulferous smoke and savor of
the firing there Is so great
scarcity of wood throughout the whole
kingdom that the inhabitants
in general are constrained to make
their fires of sea cole or pit cole even
in the chambers of honorable person
ages. Within thirty years last the nice
dames of London would not come into
any house or room where sea coles
were burning nor willingly eat of tbe
meat tbat was either sod or roasted
with sea cole fire." -
World Nee! Not Worry.
Now the world is beginning to worry
lest it be not able to get enough coal to
burn. It may be of interest to know
what proportion of the world's total
output of coal is credited to the vari
ous coal producing countries. In 1899,
the last year in which statistics are
available, the production In metric tons
was as follows: United States, 228,
717,579; United Kingdom, 223,606,668;
Germany, 135,824,427; Austro-Hungary,
36,000,000; France, 32,779,965; Belgium.
21,917,740; Russia, 13,000,000; Japan,
6,650,000; Australasia, 6,700,000; India,
5,000,000; Canada, 4,141,000; Spain, 2,
742,000; Mexico, 409,125; Sweden, 239.
344; Italy, 375,000; all other countries,
3,500,000; total, partly estimated, 727,-
: Japanese Fuel.
The dust of charcoal Is gathered up
and mixed with the chaff from wheat,
barley and other grains, and with chop
ped straw, in Japan. It is then moist
ened into a paste, rolled into - balls
about as big as a billiard ball, and
makes excellent fuel.
-Why do people give advice?
won't take It, and wise men
need it ' -. ". -' "