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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 5, 1901)
ZlzV?J2i. ! Consolidated Feb.; 1899.
COR VALLIS, BENTOlf CO LNTY, OREGON, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1901.
; - l -..
VOL. I. NO. 41.
v in if
a JL LPj.
WHY DO WE WAIT?
Why do we wait till ears are .deaf
: Before we speak our kindly Word, "'"
. And only utter loving praise
When not a whisper can be heard?
Why do we wait till hands are laid
Close-folded, pulseless, ere we place
Within them roses sweet and rare.
And lilies in their flawless grace?
, 'Why do we wait till eyes are sealed
rTo light anl love in . death's deey
Dear, wistful eyes before we bend
Above them with impassioned glance? '
Why do we wait till hearts are still
To tell them all the love in ours, .
And give them such late meed of praise,
And lay above them fragrant flowers?
How oft we, careless, wait till life's
Sweet opportunities are past,
And break our "alabaster box
, Of ointment" at the very last!
O! let us heed the living friend
Who . walks with us like common
Watching our eyes for look of love, "
And hungering for a word of praise!
New York Tribune.
'"''a' AI we charge admission and use
JjS the money for. some fun for this
"summer camping or houseboat or
i something," said Bert Stone, folding his
legs up comfortably on his toboggan
cushion and looking triumphantly at
his companions. ' .
"Bully idea!"f exclaimed "Shorty"
Harris, who was very tall and very slim,
and appropriately nicknamed by his
crowd, . "to try and "hold . him down,"
they claimed. They were talking about
, . a toboggan carnival they were arrang
ing, to be held on the toboggan slide the
boys had themselves built They had
all chipped in and bought the lumber
and built the slide back of Bert Stone's
home, as it had a wide and deep lawn
, , that extended back to the next street.
The big public slides were larger, ef
"course, but they were some distance
yojnt of the center- of the city; the Stone
home was central and the grounds
around gave them a slide that was a
block in length. "Don't -take till the
queen's birthday to get back to ' the
.etqpy"rtbe-boyg cried, with pride and sat-
GRANNY WAS OVEIiCllMK.
lsfaction, when they . had . completed
their, work and surveyed the tall struc
turerlsing, airy but strong, above the
snow. The "shoots" were carefully con
structed and Hooded till they glistened
smoothly with solid ice. -The inclined
walk and stairs were' solid and Well
railed, and the boys and many of the
"grown-ups" had put in a lively winter
with the Slide. t-The long Canadian sea
son had been up to the mark and not a
ttaaw had come to spoil the fun. - Now
the'y'were planning a carnival asa fit-Jing-Slimax
before spring got In with
Her meddlesome fingers and spoiled
their work. . . . , .- ' - .-
"Gee! We, might make enough to fit
np. it gym," cried Jack Carter; enthusi
aOctlly "Punchln' bag and table, fly
In! ; rings, turnin' pole oh,. .mamma!"
Andiwe could all divvy up for the rest.
1've.got the boxing gloves and old Bob
here has a pair of foils and the masks
Christmas- " - : ,
"And we've got a daisy pad for the
floor; that the guv'nor used to have,"
broke In Beo Jordan, excitedly. '
"And ' clubs! , Who-". "I have!"
crled"Wesf Franklin, tripping over hU
toboggan and "landing full length in
front of Bob. JEUls, . who promptly sat
on him. "Let me up, you-elephant!"
be added, indignantly: -.s "' -;
"Say 'please, sir,"', prompted Bob
- gently. , "' "r '.-i- i .'-::;':
Please nothin'," said West, upset
ting Bob with a sadden twist, then
washing his face with snow. - .
Ttme!" "Give it to 'im!" " "Go it,
Bobby!" yelled the boys as four legs
and considerable snow flew In the air.
Then there was a call for order, Stone
thumped, the struggling pair apart with
his toboggan pad and the meeting came
to order once more. . ; - -. '
''Franklin has clubs and we've all got
lots of stuff We could fix up with," saidS
Stone. "And the' gym seems about the
best plan. What do you all say?" '
There was a noisy assent : It was de
cided to charge admission, the proceeds
to go toward fitting up a gymnasium
for the use of those who had helped
. pay for and build the toboggan slide.
Arrangements went forward gayly; the
boys invited all their friends school-
, mates and "grown-ups" adding that It
would cost them a quarter to "get In
the percessiou,"and at last the night
of the "carnival" came. . .It was clear
and cold and sparkling. A b!g moon
generously, helped out by flooding ev
ery tiling In silver light, In which the
long festoons of Chinese lanterns that
decorated the toboggan slide gleamed
rosily and bravely. . Boys :and girls
flashed up' and down; bright spots of
color on the bright snow in their many
hued blanket coats, the woolen scarfs
that bound their waists and their long
tasseled toboggan caps flying in the air
as they shot down the slide like some
brilliantly dyed arrow, then out on the
long stretch of Ice and snow that
gleamed ahead. - ' ...
Under the slide a good-sized shed had
been built, In which hot coffee, sand
wiches and crispy fried cakes were
served to the' hungry coasters, who
came in laughing and noisy relays, be
ing reminded constantly byi their hosts
to "stack yer toboggans outside; yon
duffers; there's no room In here. Do
you" want to upset the coffee? Quit
crowdin' now!". "
Cheeks glowed with the frosty night
air and eyes sparkled brightly, while
they joked and chaffed and all talked
at once. It was generally known what
the boys intended doing with "the mon
ey taken In at their "carnival," and
many questions were asked the busy
and not over-patient cooks and waiters
abont the gym. '.'-.-
"No; it won't be for girls. Maybe
we ' will have a ladies' day once in
awhile," said West Franklin in answer
to the anxious questions put to him by
some of the long-braided tobogganers.
"We can have a hop or something ev
ery few weeks that you girls can come
to, but girls always get jealous over the
other girls' togs and things and kick
up ructions, and we ain't going to take
And Mr. Franklin wiped his heated
face with the tea towel and grinned,
quite unmoved, while a shrill chorus of
girl voices- told him he was a hateful,
selfish old thing and they wouldn't go
to his old hops and they hoped be would
just break his neck in his nasty old
gymnasium; so there! "
. But the carnival was lots of fun and
the grown-ups came In great force and
money rolled in at the treasury while
coffee and doughnuts rolled out of the
kitchen. . - "-'
Next afternoon the meeting was call
ed to order at the foot of the slide, and
"Shorty" Harris, the treasurer, was
asked for his report. This treasurer
arose, took a digmfiedattitude, 'cleared
his throat, and In a solemn voice, suit
able to the occasion, read this report,
wade out on the flyleaf of a very much
battered algebra. i
"Coffee, donated by Mr. and Mrs.
Stone; sugar, donated by- Mr. and Mrs.
Jordan; cream,, donated by Mr. and
Mrs. Ellis; butter, donated by my folks;
lanterns, donated by Hunter's station
ery store; bread, ham, tongue, mustard,
fried-cakes and dishes, donated by the
club members' folks' generally; club's
expenses for carnival, none; balance
left in treasury from box office receipts,
There was a Comanche howl of aston
ishment and delight that brought every
body In the neighborhood to their win
dows, and through the uproar - Bert
Stone's voice could be heard shouting
for "Order!" . . .
"Will you shut up, "you Indians?" he
exclaimed. .. :.:
."Shorty, where in thunder did we get
all that money?" : . . . r , r
"Why, It was this way," said Shoi y,
modestly. -1 put- a sign up at the gate
.where I took tickets, and it said: "I
am tod busy to give back any change.
Just chip in your coin and slide.' Well,
the kids had their even -quarters, ; but
the grown-ups read the sign and laugh
ed and went down Into their pockets
for big money. See? So.we made con
siderable motp than we expected.". t
- The club's joyous appreciation of this
business enterprise . fell ; on . Shorty's
back with a hearty shower of boy
thumps that . landed him in a snow
bank, from which he arose snowy and
indignant. : - -i.-
"That's all right," he cried, dodging
behind the slide as they made another
dive for him; "I'll take your word for
it You send me a valentine if you like,
but cut it out just now, seel" v"?
- So the boys hugged each other and
danced a few turns in the snow and
puinmeled each other delightedly, and
then at last sat down to talk it all over.
They finally settled how the money
was to be. spent and the meeting was
Just breaking up as little Willie. Sum
mers came "breathlessly running down
the street and stopped at the gate to
tell "the fellers" the news. ; -
Old Granny Jenks or "Whisky
Jenks," as she was sometimes called,
had just been burnt out. Her little
shanty , was near the schoolhouse and
she was well known to-the boys. Old
granny was very poor, but she clung to
her little tumble-down house and flatly
refused to go to the poorhouse, and
would sometimes use rather profane
language when people would insist that
It was the proper place for her. This
gave her a bad name among the good
people of the town and they would not
have anything to do with her. But she
liked the boys and told them many a
long story . about war times and In
dians, while she puffed her little pipe."
And the Toboggan -Club boys carried
her. tobacco and things to eat' at odd
times." And they knewhow. granny
dreaded dying In the poorhouse: She
had no rent to pay and gathered her
own firewood, and with what the boys
-took her she seemed to get along some
how. :""u.;-; ;' .v.;j. - '-. .
Now she was burned out. "
"Every stick and rag," cried Willie,
with his eyes big. . "And she's .yellin'
an' howlin' my!" . .v ."-"
The boys were silent and Willie
looked surprised. Bert Stone stared
downat his boots and Whistled softly.
Shorty Harris kicked the snow against
the gatepost and thrust bis hands deep
In his pockets.!' Soon Stone looked up
suddenly and met the eyes of the rest
of the boys fixed on him anxiously.
..."Poor old Whisky! It's kind o' tough,
eh?" said Bob Ellis, softly. "Hadn't
we better better . . The boys all
moved uneasily and then sighed. - The
sigh relieved the tension and they all
seemed to agree suddenly.
"Yes, let's the gym can wait come
on!" ' "
WilHe stared. The boys, with Stone
and Shorty in the lead, sprinted down
the street And twenty minutes later
poor old Granny Jenks was gazing,
open-mouthed and silent at the sum of
$47.50 that lay in a little heap of crin
kled bills and loose silver in her faded
gingham apron. -.'
-: .- .', '"
- But that wasn't the end of It -
Granny Jenks said very little. . Sbk
sheltered her gray bead in another little
shanty and settled down quite content
edly'with tier pipe. The boys brought
her things to eat and wear as usual.
She frequently "yarned' by the houi
while they popped corn at her little
stove. She did not mention the money,
but she seemed so happy at not going to
the poorhouse the boys were quite sat
isfied. And, like all boys, they hated
being thanked for anything, anyhow.
' Spring and snmmer came and passed.
Old granny grew very feeble. Fall
brought thoughts of trying some
scheme again for the long-desired gym.
And the boys talked of "another carni
val, may be," when" winter came."
Granny would listen and nod her bead
and chuckle in her queer old way! But
she would say little. And one day 'she
said nothing. They found her asleep
In the comfortable -rocker the boys'
money had bought her, before her little
fire and with the stubby pipe in her
quiet fingers. And when charitable
bands prepared her for her last home,
where there was no. more dread of the
poorhouse forever, they found hidden
In her clothing a little roll of bills that
amounted to $270. It was wrapped In
granny's will, which read: "Fer the
byes that gtv me the munny wen 1
burnt fer ter bild ther Jim." Chicago
Record. - ,- ' --
RANGE OF THE HONEY BEE.
How the Distance Traveled by the Bees
" . , Can Be Determined,
The range of "the honey bee is but
little understood by the masses, many
supposing that bees go for miles in
quest of nectar, while others think
that they go only a short distance. It
may be curious to many to understand
how any one can tell how far the bees
may fly, but thhv Is simple when un
derstood. Years ago, when the Italian
bees were first introduced in the Unit
ed States, these bees, having marks
different to the common, bees already
here;' they "were very"; easily -distinguished,
and after any bee keeper had
obtained the Italian bees they could be
observed and, their range easily no
ticed. If bloom is plentiful close where
the bees are located they" will not go
very far, perhaps a mile in range, but
if bloom is scarce they may -go : five
miles. - Usually about three miles is
as far as they may go profitably. -..
Bees have been known to. go as far
as eight miles in -a straight line, cross
ing a body of water that distance tq
land. ."It is wonderful how the little
honey bee can- go so far from its home
and ever find its way back to its own
particular hive. -If, while the litth; be-i
is out of its home or hive; the hive
should be moved some ten to .'twenty
feet- according to the surroundings,
when It came back , to where. its home
was first located it would be hopelessly
lost. " If its home was in an open space
with no other objects close, it might
find its way home, but even should tha
hive be moved only a few feet, many
of the bees would get lost.
" So to move a hive, if done In the win
ter . time, It would be all. right, but" if
In the summer time It should be done
after dark, or when the bees are not
flying, end even then the bees should
be stirred up some, and smoke blown
in at the hive entrance, and a board-or
some object placed in front of the hive;
so that the Tbees in" coming out " may
mark: their new., location.-. Bees,' no
doubt are guided by sight, and" also
sense of smell. They are attracted by"
the color of bloom, as if they are - at
work on a certain, kind of bloom they
are not likely "to leave that, particular
kfnd of bloom for any' other as long
as they can find that kind. .Again,
bees are often; attracted to sweets by(
their sense of -smell, for they will go
after sweets even if in. the dark, if
close. However, any , kind of sweet j
may pe piacea in glass in plain sight
but If covered, sd as not to emit any
smell, the bees will take no notice of
itr-Baltimbre American. , . ;
" .. . Bogged. . ' . "Vso .'.
While traveling in Cornwall, in 18U1,
Rev. S. 'BaringrGould came near being
overwhelmed in a bog. lie and his
companion got lost and at dusk found
themselves in a bog called Redmire.
Six bullocks had - already been tost
there that year. " Mr. Baring-Gould's
adventure is related In his "Book of
the West" - .
All at once I sank above my Waist,
and was being sucked farther down.
I-cried to my companion, but In the
darkness he could not see me, and had
he seen me he could have done. nothing
for me. The water finally reached my
armpits." " ' "
Happily I had a stout bamboo, some
six feet long, and I placed; this athwart
the surface and held it with my arms
as far expanded as possible. " By jerks
I succeeded in gradually lifting myself
and throwing my body forward, till
finally I was able to cast myself at full
length on' the surface. The suction had
been so great as to tear my leather
gaiters off my legs. --1
lay at full length, gasping for near
ly, a; quarter of an hour before 1 bad
breath and strength to advance, 'and
then; wormed ;myself . along - on my
breast till I reached dry land. My com
panion, it turned out had had a similar
. - ' A Tragedy.
She If you had no idea when we
could get married, why did. you pro
pose to me?
"To tell the truth, darling, I had no
idea you would accept me." Life- '
Before marriage men and women
argue; after that they dispute. - -
v A Clever Strtns Trick.
The boy or girl who can perform va
rious little tricks with matches, string,
etcj Is generally very, popular and
mncb in demand. A stormy day Is
generally dreary enough, and anyone
who can help while away the time is
regarded with gratitude. Here is a
description of the marvelous ring trick,
which the writer has " not seen . de
scribed since he was a child, which is
qnite a good many years ago. '
Having tied the ends of your string
together, pass it double through a fin
ger ring, and ask some one to hold the
MAGIC STBING THICK.
ends upon their two forefingers. You
may now proceed to remove the ring
without cutting the string or releasing
the fingers, which seem to hold it se
curely.': ;"" .. ... . " .
First pass the string a second time
around one of the fingers which hold
it then drawing the loop thus formed
toward the opposite hand, as shown In
figure 1, pass "it over the string on the
other finger until it lies in the position
of. dotted line B; then with your two
forefingers catch up af A and Al of the'
strings holding the ring and sliding
your fingers, from each other, quickly
slip from the ends of your companion's
finger the part of the string holding the
ring, which, being thus released, will
fall into the hand, with which you can
quickly cover it before it leaves the
string, to add to the mystery.
The surprise of your stringholder will
now . be doubled If you proceed to re
turn the. ring to -the string without re
moving the ends from his fingers.- Pass
the string, as in the first trick, around
one of his fingers, and in drawing the
loop, as before," toward the other band,
slip it through the ring as shown at D;
then pass the loop over the finger, this
time leaving it near the end,-as at C;
with your two forefingers catch up the
string which was first upon the fingers,
and slip it from them, over the part'l
holding the ring, and you will find the
ring in place, as at the beginning of the
first trick. r -
Here is another - very simple . trick;
Pass jour " string . around your . neck,
crossing It in front as in figure 2;. put
the -string in your mouth at the point
where it crosses itself, and holding it
firmly between your teeth, announce
your intention of removing it from the
neck by the passing of the rest of your
string a second time over your head:
-To do this first drop the. cord from
both. hands for a moment, and in taking
hold of ' It .again let your . hands ex
change places, being careful to have
the string Which is' uppermost where it
crosses in your month remain upper
most, so that what appears td be a sec
ond crossing of the string will be really
its uncrossing; now throw the rest of
the cord over your, head, and .though
youi seem to be encircled by' a double
cord, drawboth sides backward' as in
figure 3, releasing the string from your
still closed mouth in what seems quite
a marvelous way. You Will find your
self disentangled,-. and the -string still
tied together as in the beginning, and
ready, for numberless more wonders.
Boston Globe. . -1 -
. : '.; Doll Parties. --'
It Is' astonishing how swiftly the
word is now being passed around that
dolls' parties are the desire of every
child's heart" The Idea of having a
party for themselves and being 'pam
pered with sweetmeats is no' longer
.Ten days before the party Is to come
off, little notes are sent out to a select
ed company. They are written by the
child ' and worded something as fol
lows: .i-V--".-'-'.'..";-. :---;C'''r'::' ;:
"Dear Ruth Clarissa " Louise hopes
very much that you will come to her
party on Saturday afternoon at half
after 4 o'clock. She also expects you to
13. ' -
bring with you your pet dolt"" Affec
' Ruth then sends promptly a reply to
Eleanor, in which she thanks her for
her remembrance, and assures her that
Antoinette will be most happy to go to
see Clarissa Louise on the mention!
day., - . '.
When the little people begin to arrive
all the dolls of the hostess are found to
be washed and freshly gowned and
ready to receive them. Usually a good
ly company of china-eyed beauties Is
soon gathered together. Whatever the
children are going to do in the way of
amusement' Is .also arranged for the
dolls; or they are considerately placed
in front ata ta fnm vIiam -y,aW Mn aa
wu " -tit MJVJ I. UU
the fun. - The true joy of one of these
parties, nowever, is evinced at the time
of refreshments, and then a separate
table Is especially set for the dolls.
Very happy and gay they look when
seated about it; and triumphant indeed
is the child that has all. or many of the
table appointments that are now made
for such occasions. -
One thing that the hostess : should
never forget Is to provide a gift for
each dolly. As their mistresses they
like to have something to take home.
'Le-ren Little Fellows Sled Ride.
One little fellow with a little sled new;
"Hullo there, Bobby!"- and then there
Two little fellows in the snow to the
knee; , "
"Want me to help you?" and then there
Three little fellows trudging on once
"Wait a minute, can't you?" then there
Four little fellows and a hill all alive;
"Hullo, I'm comin'l" and then there were
five. - i
Five little fellows in a laughable fix;
."Sled tumbled on yon all!" then there
were six. :
Six little fellows, 'neath a great smiling
heaven, i 4 : '
"Hurrah for the fun, boys!" then there
.. were seven.
Seven little fellows gaily sliding past a
''I'm swinging ont to reach you!" then
there were eight.
Eight little fellows on the sled fine;
"Room for me, is there?" and. then there
Nine little fellows engaged like fighting
"No place for me, either?" then there
. were'-ten. . -
Says the first little fellow, "There's room
. for only seven," .
"How we gong to manage?" and then
1 there were 'leven.
Then a great big farmer placed a board
. . on the sled; .
"Now see if there isn't room for all," he
So they all of them hastily,' promptly did
And the 'leven little fellows were as hap
py as could be.
Louise R. Baker, in Primary Educa--..
tion. . ' .
Nature's Kitchens. '
- In Iceland to cook food in the geysers
is a regular portion of the tourist pro
gram. Tea is infused with water from
the Great Geyser, and trout is boiled in
the BlesI, or hot-water pond, which sud
denly ceased to erupt after the Shaptar
Jokull. convulsion of 1784. They re
quire to be immersed -for about twenty
minutes to be cooked to a turn. In the
Yellowstone country a story Is told of
a fisherman who, having caught a fine
trout merely turned on his heel and,
without taking his captive off the line,
plunged it. into a pool of hot water,
from which in a short time he drew it
ready for, his meal, .reminding us of
Lord Lovat, the Jacobite, who, when
luncheon time approached, betook him
self to a fall on his-estate famous for
its leaping salmon, and placed a cal
dron of boiling water in sncfa a position
that a fish missing Hs spring would
tumble into the pot
Good Hunting Horse.
Ed Geoghegan of West. Point, Ky
has the most remarkable horse in the
State, if not the United States. .This
horse has as keen a scent for partridges
as any setter or pointer in the country.
He can scent them from seventy-five to
100 feet and never makes a mistake. He
pays no attention to rabbits or to any
other bird but the partridge-.' When he
gets in the vicinity of a covey of birds
his nostrils dilate. He throws up his
head and shows all the symptoms that
a bird dog gives, except his tail, which
never stands out but merely .switches.
' Obligations Discharged. rif
irs. Bugging I did something tflay
that I've been screwing up my courage
to do for a long time. I paid that odi
ous Mrs...Bjones a call I've owed fpr a
long time. . ; . ; '
;Mr. Bugglns I can sympathize with
you, my dear. -1 paid the odious Mr.
Bjones-a bin I've owed Just as long.
Philadelphia Record. .
-.. -Pants by tbe Legs. - .
A man who went to Providence the
other day was amused to see this sign
on the front of a clothing store: "Here
is the place to buy your pants at $2 a
leg!" This method of offering trousers
for sale must possess great interest for
one-legged men and centipeds.-.i - 1
Trying to conduct a large ' business
without capital Is a good deal like try
ing to sharpen a lead pencil with a pair
of scissors. - -.
- It is easier to teach an old dog new
trickr than It is to discover the new
A truthful dentist advertises as fol
lows: "Teeth extracted . with great
- Extending End Gate. s
When corn has been loaded on a wag
on, it is vmy unhandy to shovel off at
first until the bottom of the wagon box
has been" reached, says an exchange.
To overcome this difficulty different
methods are followed, such as laying
onend of a long, wide board on the
end gate of the wagon and the other
on the floor of the box before loading
and shoveling on the board till the bot
tom of the box Is to be got at but the
extending end gate, shown in the pic
ture, will be found among the best of
these expedients. ; It is fastened to the
bed of the box by strap hinges which
are sunk Into the wood so as not to In
terfere with the shovel.' The gate Is
made wide enough to allow the side
pieces to be outside of the box. . Iron
straps bold the side pieces secure on
the gate. A rod of one-quarter inch
Iron looped In the manner shown in the
cnt Is attached, on each side. Thumb
screw bolts enable the looped rods to
hold the gate when let down. When
the hand bolts are screwed up tightly
on the rod, they will hold the gate when
closed, for ordinary occasions, but
hooks may be quickly attached to hold
it still more securely. . The gate will
afford a platform .-for the farmer to
stand on when starting to scoop up the
corn as well as prove very advantage
ous in loading and unloading many ar
ticles..;' -.. ' -- - - -
Han It Helps in Butchering.
To clean and carry a hog with ease
use a short ladder (about six feet long
will do) and place legs about a foot long
under-each end.-: Place a little tar in
the scalding , water, and the? hog will
clean easier. - For a good :hog scraper
take a piece of an old: grass scythe
about four inches in length, with edge
-rather dull. In place of a scalding
trough a large cask laid in a slanting
position will answer the purpose almost
as welL ,-. -Two. good rails placed in a
slanting position against a building is
the simplest method of hanging a hog
easily. . :
To clean a pork barrel that is tainted
and has a bad smell about it wash it out
as clean as you can, then whitewash it
with fresh slacked lime. Let the barrel
dry. and it is ready for use. " The lime
will not hurt the meat at all Kansas
Farmer. - - ' -- '.
Here Is given a picture of the Aberdeen-Angus
. steer "Advance," sweep
Stakes winner as best beef animal at
tbe Chicago Show, which was sold" at
auction for the astonishing price of
$1.50 per pound live weight bringing
$2,415. . He was sent to New York to
be butchered for the Christmas mar
ket, the purchaser being an agent of a
packing company who wanted the
beast' as. an advertisement .
, - Big Mares.
The breeding of draft horses of ex
treme weight is not likely to be over
done .in this country for a long time,
says the National Stockman. The fact
is there are not' any too many mares
that can produce the top weight kind.
A good, big draft mare is, therefore,
worth money to the man who is fixed
for raising heavy horses. Breed her to
a good, big stallion, feed her and the
foal plenty of good growing feed, such
as oats, bran and clover hay, with some
corn, too, and there is no danger of an
undersized colt:: Draft blood 4a some
thing, but not everything. Lack of feed
In early life accounts for a whole lot of
draft bred " horses that - are only
"chunks" tjf 1,400 pounds or less. Un
dersized nearly always means underfed
at some stage of the game."' -
Estimated Production of Torn. --
The production of corn in 1900 is esti
mated at 2,105,102,516 bushels; oats,
809,125,989 bushels; barley, 58,925,833
bushels; rye. 23,995,927 bushels; buck
wheat 9,566,966 bushels; potatoes, 210,
926,897 bushels, and hay," 60,110,906
tons.;-. The area from which these crops
were gathered was as follows in acres:
Corn, 83,320,872; oats, 27,364,705; bar
ley, 2,194,282; rye, 1,191,326; buck
wheat 637.930; potatoes, 2,611,054, and
hay, 39,132,890. The corn crop of 1900
EXTENDING END SATE.
STEKB SoYd FOB $1.50 A POUND. '
was one of the four largest ever gather
ed, while the oat crop has been exceed
ed only once. On the other hand, tbe
barley and rye crops are the smallest
with one exception, in acres since 1887.
The buckwheat crop is the smallest .
since 1883 and the bay crop is tbe small
est with one exception, 6ince-iS88
Bite Gain in Winter Wheat.
-The statistician of Department of
Agriculture estimates the United States'
wheat crop of 1900at 522,229,505 bush
els, the area harvested being 42,495,383
acres and the average an acre 12.29
bushels. The production of winter
wheat is estimated at 350,025,409 bush
els, and spring wheat at 172,200,096
bushels, the area actually harvested be
ing 26,235,897 acres in the former case
and 16,259,488 acres in the latter. The
winter wheat acreage, totally aban
doned in Ohio, Michigan, Indiana and
Illinois, is finally placed at 3,522,787
acres, and the spring wheat acreage,
totally abandoned in North Dakota and
South Dakota, at 1,793,467 acres. The
extraordinarily rapid rate at which the
winter wheat acreage of Nebraska is
gaining upon the spring wheat acre
age of that State has necessitated a
special Investigation of the relative ex
tent to which the two varieties were
grown during the last year. The result
of the investigation is that while no
change is called for in the total wheat
figures of the State, 590,575 acres have
been added to the winter wheat column :
at the expense of the spring variety.
Dairying in Iowa. "
According to a contemporary Iowa's -dairy
interests are large and growing,'
there now being over 1,000 creameries
in the State. About 631,829 cows are
used to supply creameries, whose prod
uct was 84,965,062 pounds of butter, a
decrease of 3,000,000 pounds from 1899.
Average of 22 cents realized, against
20.65 cents In 1899. Total value for the
year about $20,000,000. Less than half
of the milk of the State went to cream
eries, for there were 1,295,960 milch
cows on May 1, 1900. A true value of ,
butter output would be $38,000,000.
There are now seventy-five cheese fac
tories in operation. Increase of prod
uct 500,000 pounds over 1899, being
4,212,432 pounds. Only 12 per cent -
was shipped out of the State, home
market using balance.
Farm Cattle. '.;'!' ' -It
Is not true that the cattle business "
to be profitable must be conducted on
the broad ranges of the Western plains,
says Texas Farm and Ranch. Tbat-is '
one profitable system of cattle raising,
but there is another which yields fully
as great profits for the. capitar.in vested. -Raising
cattle on the farm has in. all
countries and all ages! been founh'prof
itable, and more -so now than ever. - By
raising cattle on the farm the farmer .
has a good market for all the feed -he .
can raise, saves labor and expense.C;!
transportation and avoids much loss
from waste and the hocus pocus of
commerce. 'And one of tne main fea
tures of stock farming is that it can be r.
made Jo continually improve the fertil
ity and value of the farm. ' ..
Finishing Hogs. ' -For
finishing hogs for market no food
substance known equals corn. Alfalfa,
eJpver,;Bermuda, sotghum," artichokes,
sweet potatoes -and peanuts are all
good food to promote growth and make .
lean meat, but corn for adding the
plumpness that" makes porkers sell can
not be'imprdved upon as far as is at
present- known.- " We can raise more
corn .than -all tbe hogs in the world can -eat
and raise hogs enough to eat all the
corn we-can" grow. This Is a fact not
a paradox. Texas Farm and Ranch. "
.,' . .irr'"iir -.
Horticultural Motes. '
Hedge or Limited Place. Where
space is limited use arbor vitae for a.
hedge. It forms a complete one, while '
growing tall without spreading: Hem-; ;
lock, and Norway spruce require more "'
ground room.-, ' - jr .
Fern for Indoors. A variety of thev-'
sword fern, known as the Boston fern,
is in much demand for indoor use. All
of the family- to-which It belongs are
useful in the same way, not objecting
to air of dwellings. - . V :
Basket .Willows. There are favorite
willows for basket-making, such as the
Forbyana and" Purpurea, because of .
their flexibility;" but those who make"
baskets use. many kinds, -some" of stout
growth . and some of slender growth.
House. Plants audi Insects. if house
plants are started free of insects they
are rarely much troubled with them Jn.-
winter, but vigilance must be' vexei
cised to keep them"clean;Jas' their well
doiug is greatly dependent on. this. K
A Mistake. It te a mistake; to-.-rake J
up the leaves in the wood lot oj; any; fj
other place where they" may' be aflowecU-ii
to remain.'' - Besides being of vafuV as .
a winter protection, when decayed tney &
add much to the fertility pf the ground. J
Blackberries and raspberries grow J
from shoots formed Just below ground. o
When transplanting them the mistake,,,,-,
of setting them too deep, practically ' '"
killing them, is not uncommon.' The"5
roots should be but just below the-sur-"'1'-'
face. ' - - -" ,$
The Snyder blackberry is a popular:-So
sort In the Northwest because of its ;, .
extreme hardiness and Its productive- . - -ness.
- Taylor's prolific has larger fruit'- "
but it is hardly as hardy as the other,
but quite hardy enough for the Middle
States. '" ' ':'
Borers in Hawthorn. It is only Eng
lish hawthorn and its varieties which
are subject to borer attacks. Our na-
tive sorts are exempt But we have no
colored sorts among ours; all are white,
so we have to fight borers to have these
Setting Out Trees. Fall is an excel
lent time for the setting out of all trees.
Those who can not plant then should
do the work the very first thing in
spring, that the trees may be well set'
tied In their new positions before grow
ing weather sets in.