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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1901)
Consolidated Feb., 1899.
COKVALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OEEGON, TUESDAY, JAIOJAIIY 1, 1901.
. " - - - - t
VOL. I. NO. 36.
IThe theater was full, it was Christmas
And Dorkins was going to play
A character new to himself and the stage
He'd trod . for so many a day. '
By eight the theater was perfectly jam
med. All waiting a pleasant surprise.
For they.inew that they'd laugh till their
sides would ache;
And they longed for the curtain to rise.
The curtain .arose, the play soon began.
And eagerly watched each eye
For Dorkins to make his first entrance,
To give him a cheerful hi! hi!
At length he appeared amid loud ap
plause, , ' ..
But something was wrong, X could see,
Why "Dorkins is playing quite badly to
night," The people said, sitting 'round me, -A
hiss! Yes, it was, I saw Dorkins start.
As if stung by a serpent's fang,
And cast a beseeching look around
While his head on his breast he did
"He's drunk!" some one said, and I
thtfught so myself,
For to me it was painful at times
To see how he'd straggle along with his
And constantly stick in his lines.
At length to the footlights he slowly ap
proached, And "Ladies and gentlemen," said,
"If I have not pleased you to-night, my
The fault's not the heart Bat the head.
There's many a time I've made you all
When so ill I could scarcely well stand,
When everv moment was naln tn me. tps!
If even I'd raise but my hand.
You've hissed me to-night, and think that
I m drunk.
From his heart came a sob and a moan.
"I'll tell you the reason, I know you
won t laugh, -
I've a little one dying at home."
Bobby Newcomb. -
DAME URSULA'S GOLD.
i EARLY fifty years ago, In the
city of New York, not far from
1 what is now called the Battery,
' there stood a square and gloomy look
ing edifice of stone, then occupied by
an old dame, Ursula Bond. The house
was rapidly crirmbllng to decay with
age and want of proper care.
Ursula Bond dwelt there in grim
, j- loneliness, forcing the beautiful and
artless Leonora, only child fher de
ceased daughter, to live with her, and
to do all those menial tasks for the per
formance of which all others would
have demanded money.
Leonora- was In her seventeenth year,
when, one evening In June as she look-
- eoVfrom the door ere she should bar,
bolt and lock it for the .night, a frank
and manly voice called out from a near
heap of old boards where the owner
of the voice had been watching for
more than an hour:
.. "Leo!" . ' ,
"Hist!" whispered the maiden. "Is
it you, Walter?" '
"Is the coast, all clear?" was the re
. ply as a- tall and handsome youth of
2 years showed his activity by gain
ing the side of the maiden by atound
that cleared fully ten feet
."It is lucky for you, dear Walter,'
said the maiden, "that Dame Ursula is
not in hearing, or that bold pate of
thine would be greeted with a taste of
her staff." ..
"That for her staff!" said Walter, -s
he snapped his fingers. "But where Is
her: . - '
"Writing in the back bedroom.".
"Ah, adding up her gains, the old
cross, mean "
"Walter! Remember she is my grand
"I only wish she was mine," said
- Walter. "And if she lives long enough
- she will be, won't she?"
"If you behave yourself," replied
Leonora, pretending to refuse the kiss
he gave. "But why have you tortured
"By boarding so near you, eh?" said
Walter. "Because you must let me re
main in the house all night. This morn
ing as I was going to my work I pass
ed the open window of an ale shop and
I heard a strange voice mention your
name. The voices In the ale shop were
speaking in French, which you know
I have learned by night study. - Well,
I heard enough to tell me that the
strangers there were two of them
Intend to pay Dame Ursula a visit
some time . between midnight ' and
dawn, and for no good purpose. So
here I am to act as your defender.'
"But - you should have told the po
"Bah! for the police!'' said Walter
Brandon. "Am I not a match for two
men who speak bad French?" '
"But, my dear Walter " .
But Walter had vanished Into the
house and vanished as quickly as one
of those bats he had mentioned.
Leonora was in great perplexity, yet
as she hal boundless faith in the dis
cretion of her lover she barred the door
and hastened to her grandmother.
"You've been very long in barring the
door," said the old woman, as she clos
ed her huge ledger, which was to her
what a Bible should have been. "I
thought I heard the voice of that Impu
dent young carpenter, Walter Bran
don." . ;
"Please, grandmother, let me have
light" said Leonora, who trembled at
the thought of spending that night Id
"A light!" screamed 'Dame Ursula,
astonished at such extravagance,
"away with you; you will be asking for
something more to eat next."
That night as the clock In the hall
struck 2 the dame was aroused from
golden dream by a sharp pain In hei
neck Tand a loud oath.
Springing from her bed, she shrieked
for help, and, pursued by the assassin,
rushed into the hall. She gained a
distant room in time to lock herself in.
At this instant lier horrors were aug
mented by the report of a pistol. Imme
diately followed by a shrill scream,
and then by another pistol shot, and
ere the echo had died away the assas
sin burst the old door from its hinge
and was in the room. The horror til-;
dame endured as she crouched against
the wall, praying that the darkness
might shield her, curdled her blood in
her veins. But suddenly the assassin
sprung a light. -At the sight of this
man. Instead of crouching in" fear or
screaming with terror, . the came
sprang to her feet saying:
'So it is you, John Bond, wiff nave
returned to murder your wife cow
ard!" Hag!" hissed the old man yet. he
was much younger than she, "do you
think because the devil lets you live
so long that you are to live forever?
Tell me where you have hidden your
hoards, and those of your first bus-
band, whom all men say you poisoned
to marry John Bond."
"To tell you. I must leave this room,
said Ursula, as her corpse-like visage
grew Hvld with hate and -despair. :
"Whither, treacherous hagr' -"To
the cellar, John Bond come,
and stepping boldly by him, she went
on along the hall, lighted by the thief's
lantern, which he carried.
If I suspect treachery If you cry
for help I will shoot you dtad, Ur
sula Bond." Ursula led the way.
Lift that trap, John Bond," said
she, pointing to a heavy iron ring im
bedded in the floor.
Ursula grasped the ring with- both
hands and strove to raise it, till, grow
ing impatient he grasped it himself
and raised a trap door about three feet
square. As he staggered with the
weight Ursula fell against him'and he
fell headlong Into the aperture, but as
he fell he let fall his lantern and with
his left hand grasped the edge of the
trap. Ursula, ferocious with hate,
stamped upon the clinging fingers, and,
as her feet were bare, making no im-"
presslon upon the desperate clutch, she
heaved at the trap door and let it fall
upon the assassin's hand. Dame Ur
sula fell with a bullet In her brain
across the trap.
The assassin fell to the bottom of a
deep and narrow cellar, damp and dis
mal, and made more horrible by the
rays fihed by his lantern. The tide was
rising In the bay already the water
was trickling through the stones of
While Bond entered the house from
the front, his accomplice, a ' brutal
wretch from France, had gained a
noiseless entrance from the rear. Had
Walter been at his post this would not
have happened, -but poor Leonora, hor
rified at the thought of what might
happen to her-lover, had sought him
instead of her couch. . .
Not until the sudden flash from the
French -burglar's lantern streamed
across the room did Walter remember
his self-imposed office, and' as he
sprang to his feet the" burglar, turning
to fly, was shot through the lungs. But
as be fell he returned the shot and
Walter, with the thought that his skull
was crushed, fell senseless. Poor Leo
nora had already swooned. -
When Walter regained his senses, be
found his sweetheart weeping and
chafing his hands, and he was delight
ed to discover that the robber's bullet
had only stunned him. The burglar
was dead. .-."".-..-.'--.-..
Not six months from that night Wal
ter became the husband of the wealthy
Leonora, who was sole heiress of Dame
Ursula's wealth, mnch of which in gold
was found secreted about the mansion.
The year following, as Walter was di
recting the excavations for a new edi
fice where the old one had, stood, his
workmen discovered a lantern and
near it a human skeleton. Cleveland
Plain Dealer. "..7 ' " t;
Two Parliamentary Balls. - :
The -session of Parliament that re
cently ended was hot particularly pro
lific of funny sayings, but there were a
couple of good things unconsciously
said. The first was by Mr. Field, M. V.
He had made a statement at which Mr.
Chamberlain shook his head, a silent
negative. Mr. Fiefd turned to Mr.
Chamberlain and proclaimed:
"The right 'honorable gentleman
shakes his head I am sorry to hear it"
The second was from an Irishman,
Mr. Flavin, "M. P. He was aborit to.
put a question to a cabinet , minister
when the right honorable gentleman re
minded Mr. Flavin that a letter . had
been sent to him (Mr. F.), -asking him
to postpone the question: until such
time as the minister .could obtain the
information needed before an answer
could be given. - . -
"Yes, sir," replied Mr. Flavin, "that
Is so. I have got that letter, and have
not had time to open it" Philadelphia
Post - " : . ' .
Justice Waits for an Excursion. :
- "During the course of my career in
the police department I have seldom
come across anything more humorous
than a letter recently received at the
detective headquarters," said Captain
of Detectlyes Lohrer yesterday. - "We
arrested a man wanted in a city not f
hundred mile's from here -and we wired
the marshal to come at once and get
his prisonef. He wrote us a letter and
said: "Please hold for one week.
There is an excursion to Cleveland then
and I can get cheap rates-Don't forget
to hold him and see about a cheap tick
et to here for my man." Cleveland
The old woman who lived In a shot
is probably the only one who neve
complained of its being too large.
DEPARTMENT FOR LITTLE
BOYS AND GIRLS. X.-;-
Something that Will Interest the Ju
venile Member of Every Household
' Quaint Action and Bright Saying
of Many Cute and Cunning Children.
A long-time ago, oh, a long time ago.
Things were very mnch different from
nowadays, you know.
The frog, 'stead of hopping; with wings
sailed the air;
The lark, on four legs, waddled here, ant-
The dog, too, had wings, and the horse
had a horn, .
And went by the very queer name, uni
And all things were Jumbled and mixed
up just so
But that was a long time ago, you know)
A very,hng time ago.
The birds and the beasts held a mid-sum-'
And all were invited and so all were
there; : . -. .'
And while there in session, to a queer
minded bird -
A notion quite novel and striking oc-
- - curreds- '
To trade some appendage for that of
Might prove a great blessing to all in the
Some very great changes thus came about
so -." -
But that was a long time ago, you know,
A very long time ago.
The horse got a mane and the cow got
(But she had- to strike trades with two
unicorns), ' : '
The lark Host' two legs, but through the
air could now sail,
And the frog had swapped off both his
wings and his tail.
The dog ceased to fly, bat he got him a
. bark ---.-"... -
To- scare off the things that come round
in the dark, - ;
And the changes thus made suited all.
high and low
But that was a long time ago, you know.
A very long time ago.
Perhaps you imagine this story's not true,
But this is the way I can prove it to you:
When a tadpole grows up to a frog,, to
this day ....
He takes off his tail and throws it away.
And nothing is surer to both you and me
Than that frogs have no wings and can't
fly, so, you see.
All that makes it plain that they traded,
you know, -
At the bird-and-beast fair a long time
ago, - -
A very long time ago. -
Amusement for Tonne; Folks. -
A piece of glass is supported between
two books by being placed beneath the
covers, and underneath it are put little
figures cut from tissue paper. If the
glass be now rubbed with a piece of
OUTFIT FOB ELECTRICAL THICKS
flannel the electricity generated will
cause the figures to rise and fall, as If
In the act of dancing. :;
If cut out the five pieces here shown
may be formed into a large square, and
this square 'may again be made . into
WILL POEM TWO SQUARES. '
two others. . A good plan to make the
paper thick enongh to avoid bending, is
to paste them all together on a piece of
cardboard before cutting them out 1
Cle-ver Japanese Toys.
There are no people in the world so
fond of- toys as the Japanese, but.the
pretty trifles give instruction as well as
amusement to those who play with
them. One sort of playing cards have
printed upon them 100 scraps of classi
cal poetry, by which the rudiments of
the art of versification are expected to
be Inculcated. .Another set is of natu
ral history cards, to give instruction in
the names and forms of animals; and
still another is especially intended for
girls, affords examples of women who
have been celebrated for their virtues
-and noble qualities. So far as -both
tops and kites are concerned, the young
American or European is an ignoramus
compared with his Oriental rival. ;
- Among the babies' toys is a mouse
that' feeds from a bowl when a little
bamboo spring is touched, lowering his
head and long tail in quite a lifelike
manner. Another is a small cylinder,
into which one blows through two
small reed tubes, three balls of pith be
ing kept bobbing in a bit of a cage over
Lthe cylinder by the breath, while a cut
ia one 'of the tubes produces a shrill
whistle. -. Another is a little man, who
Is made to jump up a long stick by
bamboo spring, and still another to
wooden gentleman, who rides along be
tween the wheels, being attached to the
axle with a heavy base.
Further devices for toy purposes are
kaleidoscope boxes, with glass tops fill
ed like cupboards, with various house
hold utensils in' miniature, and bags
with shot for tossing.
, The Apple of Faith.
The teacher was trying to communi
cate to the Juvenile class an idea of
faith, and to better illustrate it she held
up an apple and said: - x
"If is were to tell you there are ne
seeds in this apple you would believe
me without further proof,- would you
not?" " .;"
Yes, ma'am," answered the class In
chorus. .. ,
"WeU, that Is faith," said the teacher.
The next day. In order to test their
recollection of the lesson, she asked:
"Who can tell me what faith is?" -"I
can," promptly answered a small
urchin. "It's an apple what ain't got
no seeds in."
1 he One to Complain.
Higgins That dog of yours is making
night hideous, right along. The neigh
bors are all up in arms about him.
Wiggins I don't blame them, but if
it is bad for them it is worst for me.
The. brute keeps me awake as well as
any of them, and I have to feed the
dog and pay for his license besides. I
think I ought to be the one to complain
If anybody is. Boston Transcript
Rough on the Bay State.
A teacher in civil government had told
his pupils that once in ten years the
State of Massachusetts takes a census.
Little James, who is an attentive
scholar, upon being called up to recite,
Once in every ten years Massachu
setts comes to its senses." New York
Hi Only Plan.
"A pretty lot of children you are for
a minister to have," exclaimed a pastor
whose children 'were misbehaving at
the dinner table.
Then "why don't yon change your
business, papa?" asked 4-year-old Nel
lie. " ..
'Tommy," said his uncle, "can you
tell me why the enemies of poor St
Sebastian shot him full of arrows?"
I reckon 'cause they didn't have no
guns," replied Tommy.
White and Dark Meat.
The belief that white meats are more
suitable for the sick owins to'ereater
digestibility and the presence of less
uric acid and nitrogenous extractives.
is shaken by an analysis made1-; by
prominent medical men which shows
that while "white meats such as poul
try and fish do in certain cases, as fish
ana iresn venison contain less ex
tractive 'and nitrogenous derivatives,
tne average amount does not appre
ciably differ in dark and white meats
such as poultry, veal, beef, pork mut
ton, and so on, to make either prefer
able.- The only way of limiting the in
gestion of these deleterious extractive
and nitrogenous substances is by di
minishing the amount of meat taken,
rather than by forbidding dark meats.
They also asserted that among the ex
tractives present in meat the most im
portant ones are by no means harmful,
if taken in small quantities as Is ordi
narily done. The same holds good as
regards the other organic extractives
which are nitrogenous.
Directly anything becomes a public
need or fad, it is imitated or adulter
ated. Within a few years the curios
and blankets of the Indians, especially
the-Navajo tribes,-have been, much
sought after by those who furnish artis
tically or "value a souvenir of the dis
appearing race.. The blankets . have
been especially sought after as the
crude colors and patterns are what
might be called barbarically artistic
and the colors and-material are lasting,
that is, they - were. The Navajo has
learned to cheat; his tribe owns a mil
lion sheep and instead of using this in
the manufacture of the .blankets that
have become famous it is sold and the
flimsy Germantown bought for home
weaving. In the same way tBe old en
during, vegetable dyes are being re-,
placed by the analine dyes of com
merce. The red man will find the mar
ket for his bizarre loom products dwin
dling If once the confidence In .their
genuineness is lost -
... .' Ordination of a Priest. '
A missionary in China thus describes
the ordination ceremony of a bonze
(priest) of which he was a witness: "On
the appointed day the friends and in
vited guests assemble In the pagoda
where the ceremony is to take place.
The act of consecration begins with the
removal of all the hair from the head
by "a close shave. Then as the cere
mony progresses, little balls made of
sulphur, grease and Incense are placed
upon the head and so fastened as not "to
roll off. At the "proper moment the su
perior completes the act -of consecra
tlon by setting fire to these balls. The
candidates are forbidden either to
move or touch their burning heads,
Some of the poor wretches suffer this
torture stoically. Invoking Buddha,
while the majority add their terrible
shrieks of pain to the horrible smell of
.i Economy in Profanity.
The English law of libel makes pro
fanity a money-saving vice. If you call
a man a thief, and cannot prove your
assertion, yon commit libel. . If, how
ever, you garnish your description by
any of the adjectives usually deemed
unfit for publication, any libel action
brought against you will fall through,
for the law says your profanity proves
that you- have lost your temper, and,
therefore, you are not 'actionable for
your words. - - .;
Confederate Constitution. '
The original draft of the Confederate
constitution is in the possession : of
Longstreet Hull of Athens, Ga. Mr.
Hull is a grandson of Thomas R."R.
Cobb, chairman of the committee that
drew the document - .; ;
Many a man who gives up his money
freely for foolish whims disputes the
price of necessities.'
If a man does his duty to himself he
does his duty to all the world,
Barn's Horn Sounds a Warning Mot
to the Unredeemed. y
C.,0 O be content with
Mpless Is to have leas
A very little child
may open a very
large door into
It is poor relig
ious exercise bal
ancing on one foot
on the edge of sin.
' The modesty of
true worth Is only
equalled by the
worth of true modesty. . .
-A blank cartridge will make the most
It needs no courage to choose evil la
the face of good. - "" i
Fidelity to old truths demands' ho '
taUty to new ones " ,
If you would escape all censure, do
not walk With Christ I
When you open your heart to lust,
love will leave your life.
Not man, but the Christ-man, is the
crowning work of creation.
A man's wealth may be measured by
his capacities not by his coin.'
Modern murmurers are bitten with
the fiery serpents of their own tongues.
There Is only one single step from
the level rock over the precipice of
ruin. - - "
Getting Christ into the people will
solve the problem of getting people into
the church. -
When we think to thank God for our
pleasures it will be easier to bless Him
tor our burdens. -
If men put more sense Into their sa
cred service the world would put more
faith in their sanctity.
It is mockery to pray that your chil
dren may be gathered home in eternity
while you do nothing to keep them at
home in time. . -
MADE HIM BEAT A RETREAT.
ncident in the Career of
Rev. Cyrus Townsend Brady, whose
Recollections of a Missionary in the
Great West" has been so favorably re
ceived, has overlooked, one incident in
his career that at the time made him
the mos.t-talked-of man in Denver. - It
occurred a decade or more ago, bef ore
his name so generally known as it is
at present He was then the rector or ; t8 keeping. Yet while not many farm
one, of Denver's fashionable churches. erg teel able to do the former for senti
Certain of the young ladles of his con-1 Qjent's sake, there are hundreds who
gregation, in tne interest or raising
funds for some pious purpose, hit upon
the plan of presenting a comic opera,
the exigencies" of its presentation ne-
cessitiited a most noticeable shortening
of the skirts of the ladies of the chorus.
Their devotion to the cause enabled
them to bear up under that ordeal and
for some of them it was an ordeal in
more senses than one and after elab
orate preparations and rehearsals in
numerable the piece was produced in
one of the local theaters. 'Rev. Mr.
Brady was there, of course. " But he
had hardly settled him'self in his seat
after the curtain arose before the young
ladies of his congregation his Sunday
school teachers and choir singers and
what not filed before his astonished
gaze in a garb that left as little to the
imagination in certain respects as the
display In a hosier's show window.
The now popular writer stayed long
enough only to reassure himself as to
it " i - . , . .
tte correctness of his vision and then
stalked grandly out of the place. -
The uproar that followed-the ladiea
belonged to Denver's most exclusive
set-threatened for a time to disrupt
the church and filled the newspapers
for days with frantic headlines. But
Rev. Mr. Brady stood by his guns and
neither threats nor vituperation ever
made him retreat from the position he
had assumed in the face of that hosiery
With Ma's Bias.
: Harry's father was' an author who
had written several books of which he
was rather proud, but of the merits of
which his wife never - lost occasion,
within her own household, to sneer
ingly speak. .One day this good lady
had need to reprimand Harry for some
error of deportment and to add to the
lmpressiveness of her rebuke she read
an extract from the Bible, at the same
time speaking of It . as "the ""Good
Book," and following the .reading with
"Harry, do you know why it is called
the 'Good Book?"
" Yes," unhesitatingly replied Harry;
because pa didn't write it" Boston
Youthful Marriages in Algiers.
A census was taken lately .in Algiers,
and It was found that the youngest
AraD man was years oiu, ana mat.
there were very many boys who were
married at 13 and 14, while some at 15'
years of age had several wives. There
is a voutbful Algerian widower of 15.
and a divorced husband of the-same1
. Girls are still ; more nrecoclous. '
and are sometimes married -when onlv
11 years old, though 12 is the-more Specimens wrappea in paper Kept oet
usual age. There are 189 widows of ter than those not wrapped, and there
15. and 1.176 divorcees of the same aea. were few rotten apples, and they lost
- Berlin a Quiet City,
No other large city is as quiet as Ber-
lin.. Hallway, engines are not allowed
to blow their whistles within the city
limits, and the man whose wagon gear
ing is loose and rattling- is subject to a
fine. Strangest of all, piano playing Is
regulated in. Benin. Berore a certain
hourintheday and after a certain hout
in the night the piano must be silent
in that musical city. Even during play-
ing hours a fine is imposed for mere
banging on the piano.
. '0A'J&2&0gmgflri J I Wood or
Holds Milk Pail Firmly.
It is a somewhat difficult task to hold
a milk pail between the knees while
filling it with the lacteal fluid, and it is
not always a wise plan to set the pail
on the floor beneath the animal's udder,
both for sanitary reasons and because
or 0x6 danger of an accidental upset
Nelson 1L jewett or Kicevuie, lowa,
stool and pail holder Illustrated below,
with the idea of providing a secure
Dlace for the naIi -nd Tet TCrmittw it
tn he InatAntlv removed when deslren
The front edge of the stool is cut out in
A COMBINATION PAILrHOLDEK.
a semi-circle, and at one side are se
cured metallic straps which fasten with
a latch and form with the stool a circu
lar well into which the pail is lowered.
The milkman may now seat himself on
the stool and draw the latter forward
until the pail Is catching the streams of
milk. This invention should prove use
ful when the pail Is nearly full, if at no
other time, as the weight is then much
' increased and tilting the pail must also
, Unprofitable Stock.
It is one thing to keep an old animal
' that has been the wide and ret of the
' famljT for yeara after it has ceased to
. oe prontaDie, ana anotner to seep one
jnat is not and never was able to earn
are doing the latter from no other rea-
! 30n than an unpardonable ignorance as
to the cost of keeping, and the actual
results received from the animal. The
Babcock test is doing much to weed out
some of the unprofitable cows, when
used in connection witn tne regular
weighing of the milk, but other animals
need to be looked after. Sheep need to
be culled carefully every year, and
those that do not produce and bring
up good lambs and a good shearing of
wool should be fitted for mutton. There
is many a man who keeps a horse.
' when be could hire one to do the work
he has for him at less than the cost of
j feeding, and others who keep two,
though one could do the work except-
Ing during a few days In the year.
. Weed out - the unprofitable animals
even if obliged to kill and bury them.
They- may do the world .some good in
that way. -
" . r
Jraininfir Low Lan-l.
(- gtone wiU make an excellent araln
I for low wet iana if It ,8 carefully.
-u n.s th. nA.nts
ere nf Vp.nr Inrio.
gtroctn, and once made the drains
wlu be permanent The extra cost of
dIesrinl, the lareer ditches will he more
than repaid by the use of the stone.
CROSS SECTION OF STONE DRAIN.
But the stone is to be laid carefully so
(that it will not fall in, and that the
water will not flow in behind it and
wash out the foundation. The accom-
pany Ing cut shows how the stone
should be laid to be safe. AA are two
flat stones placed as shown, one np
richt and the other slonlne: the rest of
Lho drain. B. is filled in with small
at a nd on toD Ia igj,, 8ome brugh.
Drains have been put In according to
thlg hod and have been found to
work wfn, better than the square stone
- Storin-r Apples in Winter.
The Canada experimental farms
made experiments to ascertain the best
methods or storing apples in winter.
least oy evapumuuu. iue grouuu noor
storeroonr did -not preserve : them as
well as the cellar. A tight package
preserved the fruit best in storeroom
but not in cellar. Per contra, a venti
- , lated package did better in cellar than
in storeroom. -
In the Southern states there - are
many who use cotton seed meal as a
fertilizer to furnish nitrogen, in prefer-
snce to using nitrate of soda, or any
other of the fertilizing materials that
xratain nitrogen, as tankage, dried
fish waste. But it Is one of the
peculiarities of this meal and of linseed
meal, that when used as a food for
milch cows, it increases the milk. Im
proves its quality, and then returns to
the manure heap almost as much nitro
gen as it had -before being digested.
Much the'same thing may be said of
the phosphoric acid In wheat bran, and
In this way they are cheap foods when
properly used. "
There Is yet much to be learned
about the matter of increasing crops
by obtaining seed from other sections "
than that where It is to be planted. At
the Iowa Experiment Station they ob
tained potatoes from Canada and plant
ed them by the side of seed grown up
on their own soil, from the seventh
crop of that variety grown there. They
obtained 754 bushels per acre from th
Canada seed and 109 bushels from the
home grown seed. Yet the results are
not always that "way even with pota
toes. It may be said that generally
home grown potatoes do not produce as
much as seed grown farther north, but -it
is not an invariable rule, and soma'
successful growers would not trust
their -crop to seed which they had not
grown and saved themselves, and say
that when they have tried it home
grown seed has always produced the
best crop. The result of one experi
ment do not prove a case, and we need
more, with a thorough knowledge of
how the crop was grown, and seed se
lected in each case. We need to know
If forcing a crop to grow and mature
in a shorter time, either by a richeroil.
or cooler climate, or both, will make
the seed more prolific. .
Bell Boy, a promising young Hack
ney stallion, with Courier for his sire
and Belle Lyons for his dam, was bred
by Dr. W. S. Webb, Shelburne Farms,
Vermont He Is of rich, dark chestnut
color, a model in conformation and as;
tlon. This is his first year in Canada.
At the Montreal spring show he re
ceived first prize; at the Toronto Indus
trial Fair, second prize. He won the
sweepstakes at the London fair, and
the second prize at Ottawa. He was
exhibited by his present owner. Dr.
John Watson, Howick, Quebec.
Breeding from Grade Animals.
nnws a rn arhon animal, rtt ' n.j.
breed were scarce in this country, farm
ers used to grow some very good cows.
ii T t Vi n ,rl, hnth ia nnrpntfl WAMAf annh
mixed breeds that it would have been
difficult to tell what predominate!.
Why was this, and if It was so why do
we so often insist on the use of a pure
bred aire? Because such animals were
accidents that did not often occur, while
we desire in breeding not to take
chances, but to know with a certain de
gree of surety what we are to expect
Those animals of our father's days had
a strain of pure blood In them, and per
haps of more than one breed, and they
Were liable to breed back to the best
when they were from the best animals
they could'select as now we find one .
of so-called pure breed revert back'to
some unknown and far-away ancestor
of Inferior blood. The care In selecting
the best to Breed from had as much to
do in determining the character of the
offspring as the length, of the pedigree.
- Peed Corn.
So-much damp and warm weather as
we have been having may injure some
of the seed corn if it is not well looked,
after. It may pay to bring it Into the
house and dry It well before freezing
weather comes. If it. is thoroughly,
dried freezing will not hurt it but if It
freezes while damp, it may injure the
germinating power or at least reduce
the vitality so that it will produce but
a weak stalk. " : "
About the Silo.
Silage Is as valuable in summer as in
winter. - ,
The. circular silo made of good hard
wood staves is cheapest and best .
The silo has come to be as necessary
a part of a dairy farm plant as a corn
crib or a haymow. , -
Thirty pounds a day is"enough silage
for an average sized Jersey cow. Larger
cattle will eat more. -
A cubic foot of silage from the mid
dle of a medium sized silo will average
about forty-five pounds. ' . , .
; For 182 days, or half a year, aa'aver
age Jersey cow will require about six
tons of silage allowing for una void
able. waste. . ; V, j; . ;
Fifteen feet In diameter and thirty
feet deep Is a good size. Such a silo
will bold about 200 tons of silage cut in
half inch lengths.
" Corn just passing out of roasting ear
stage is the best single material for
silage. Corn and cowpeas are the best
combined materials in cowpea regions.