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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View This Issue
ITNtOJ Kstab. July, 1897.
GAZETTE Kstab. Dae. 1863.
Consolidated Feb., 1899.
CORYALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OREGON, TUESDAY, JULY 3, 1900.
VOL.. I. NO. 10.
WHEN YE'R GROWIN' OLIX
There's a sadness stealin' o'er ye.
When ye'r growin' old,
Th' don't 'pear so much before ye,
When the world grows cold,
Ye'r a' standin' in th' evenin'
Where th' shades unfold,
When th' light o' day is leavin'
An' ye'r growin' old.
Night is drawin' of a curtain,
Sof a bell is tolled,
Things look sort of gray, uncertain.
Where th' shadows fold
Th' landscape's waverin' pictures
That are all unrolled.
When ye'r life is in th' twilight
An' ye'r growin' old.
Like a fire that's sort o' fadin'
When the ashes hold
But a sort o' ghostly shadin'
Of a joy that's cold,
Like a sweet song, but whose echo
May ye'r memory hold,
When the sunset gilds the hilltops,
An' ye'r growin' old.
But the's light beyond th' hilltops.
When ye'r gray an' cold,
Out beyond the crimson sunset.
There is dawn unrolled,
The's a glow o' promise beamin'
Of hopes that fold
Ye'r heart and bring it comfort
When ye'r growin' old.
a.(jiiu ramu teaiiea lazny
Ul fcaie UU Lilt' UULSKiriS
of the Southern California town,
and looked down the road. It was a
beautiful Sunday morning In May.
Pancho was an old man, but there was
nothing In his appearance indicative of
his age except his bristling gray mus
tache, the deep lines in his brown face,
and the dull, bloodshot black eyes that
must once have been as tierce as those
of an Indian. With his arms resting on
the gate, Pancho rolled himself a huge
yellow-papered cigarette, which he pro
ceeded to enjoy. Suddenly he pulled
the brim of his big white sombrero fur
ther down over his face as he descried
a man walking toward him on the path
beside the road. The newcomer was a
young man, and Pancho's opposite in
"Como esta, senor?"
'Good morning, Pancho. Has Seno-
rlta Helena gone to church?"
"No, senor. Pretty soon she come
You go with her?"
"If she'll allow me."
"Oh, she glad to take you to church-
glad to take any one. She is good. She-
want to make poor Pancho go, but he
Bb go any more."
"Did you hear of the hold-up on the
Santa Maria road, Pancho?" asked the
At once It seemed that the sombrero
cast a darker shadow over Pancho's
face, while his eyes narrowed into slits
"SI, I heard of him. They make big fuss
'bout little thing. It was deefferent,
senor, In early days before " His In
born politeness gave him pause.
"Before the gringos came?" supple
mented the other, laughingly.
"Si, senor, before the gringos came,
I born here, senor, feefty seexty sev
enty years ago. My father had un ran
cho grande near here. Every one know
el Rancho Parco. No banks those days,
senor. We keep all the money in the
casa de rancho what you call house.
Plenty of bandoleros then, you bet. You
not know a bandolero. You meet him
In the mountains; he take all you got;
the next day you meet him in town and
shake his hand, but you not know him."
"Well, Pancho, it's pretty hard to
Identify him these days," watching him
"Oh, I don' know, eef you smart.
What your beeslness, senor?"
The question was asked with much
apparent indifference, but George How
ard was not deceived. Suspecting, he
saw himself suspected. "Real estate,"
he replied, promptly; "I'm down here
looking up the purchase of some land."
"So?" said Pancho. "And will you
buy him or take him? Americanos get
ail the land all the time. Long time ago
you come here, senor, you would come
to me to get land. I own all. Now all
gone, and Pancho not got five centavos.
Pancho has lost bis greep. Sometimes
I geef away the land. You see where
all those houses up street stand? One
day Pancho see a big black horse the
horse do for his new saddle and silver
spurs. I geef thousand acres for him.
Those houses on the ground I geef
away. The rest" with a sudden and
comprehensive sweep of the hand
"Pancho r-robbed of! You hear me,
senor. I say r-robbed! and now they
make big fuss 'bout a poor bandolero!"
"Father Is pitching into the Ameri
cans, as usual, I suppose?" said a girl
ish voice behind them.
Both turned to look upon Helena Par
co, dark, bright-eyed, with the rose and
the olive blended in her cheek.
"To hear my father talk," she went
on, blithely, "one would think he was a
foreigner, while 'he is an American him
self." "Si," broke in Pancho, "un Ameri
cano, but not "
"A gringo," interpolated Howard.
"Well, It Is foolish of you, dear old
father, to talk so. In a cosmopolitan
country such as ours" and then as she
realized that her language was unin
telligible to one of her hearers, at least
"but, Mr. Howard,' I must go to
church. The Mission bells are ringing
already and I am the organist. I will
be glad If you will go with me. Like
the Salvation Army lassie, I want every
one to come to our hall."
The two went down the road together,
leaving Pancho meditatively smoking
his cigarette. And as he smoked he
ponvnuned with himself and wondered
about many things. Helena was so an
like a Parco, he thought. She was not
content to mix with the Spanish people
exclusively, as her mother had done be
fore her, but was welcomed every
where. She did not hate the Ameri
cans, but told him, her own father,
many times that It was wrong to
cherish hatred against any one. Surely
she was a strange, dear child. But the
Parco blood would tell even in her if
the occasion arose he was sure of that!
Making himself another cigarette.
Pancho strolled idly into the town. He
joined several groups of Spanish-Americans
standing on the sidewalks in their
Sunday clothes, nodded familiarly to
the store-keepers in front of the shops,
and finally brought up before a crowd
of men and boys who had surrounded
and were listening to Sam Smith's de
scription of the recent hold-up. Sam
was the stage-driver.
"Ithrewout the box all right enough,"
Sam was saying, with great caution,
"but it was my old fake box. The
right one was on behind, tied up In a
roll of blankets. The fellow was Just
about the build of Pancho there
Pancho passed on as if he had not
heard, but a knowing smile of satisfac
tion played about his lips.
The delightfully monotonous summer
days of blue sky and yellow sun came
and departed before the"town was again
awakened from its languorous sleep of
satisfied traquility. In the vicinity of
Los Alamos Sam Smith was held up
once more. The lone highwayman com
pelled the doughty and shrewd Samuel
to descend from his seat and produce
the express box from a roll of blankets.
This being accomplished, the luckless
passengers were lined up on one side of
the road and the man with the gunny
sack over his head and the Winchester
In his hand relieved them of their val
uables in turn.
The following day the broken express
box and a piece of the gunny sack were
found in the bushes near the scene of
the robbery. Pancho was suspected on
Sam's report and his house searched.
There the rest of the gunny sack was
found. Pancho had already taken to
the hills, and a large reward was of
fered for his capture.
Sympathy, sincere and universal,
went out to the old man's daughter,
but with the blow a change came over
her. Every glance of pity was met by
a look of suppressed Indignation and
scorn, for pity implied a belief in her
father's guilt. In her eye a new fire
kindled a fire that burned in Pancho's
eyes when he was young. Except her
own, no roof knew her now but that of
the Mission. But all this was only the
brave exterior. In a little wlfttit was
known she was 111. Within two months
she was dead. The wise doctors gave
the cause as quick consumption.
Two days afterward two men moved
cautiously down the slope of the cone
shaped mountain, at the foot of which
stood the Mission. Both were armed,
and both crept crouchlngly from bowl
der to bowlder and from bush to bush,
as If they feared detection. As they did
so the bells of the Mission began to
toll. The sweet-toned sound from the
little bronze bells cast in old Spain
came up the mountain, and the two
men stopped and looked down at a fu
neral procession passing slowly along
the country road to the grave yard, a
short distance away. For one of them
that funeral was a magnet. Following
the hearse came a wagon In which sat
a number of young girls clothed In
white, and behind it many buggies,
wagons and a motley description of ve
hicles filled with people.
The man In the rear gazed Intently at
the moving spectacle for a time, and
then his eyes wandered searchlngly
over the mountain slope. Suddenly he
stood erect and brought his gun to his
shoulder; for the first time he had dis
covered the other man, leaning against
a slanting rock, not twenty feet away.
"Hands up, quick!" he shouted, "or
"Carajo!" burst from Pancho's lips,
as he made a movement to seize his
"Don't! I'll kill you."
Slowly Pancho's hands went up. How
ard advanced to disarm him. It was
Pancho's turn: "You no come J" he cried.
"Dios! You not take me alive."
Howard stopped. The two looked at
each other steadily. The Mission bells
still tolled, and the funeral procession
wended Its way along the country road.
"You must go with me, Pancho. I'm
sorry, but I must do my duty."
"I say I no go!" cried Pancho, his
eyes blazing with excitement. "You
think a Parco go to Jail?"
"It'll be all right, Pancho, old man.
If you're not guilty you can easily prove
"Geelty? You mean I no hold up the
stage? You want me say that. I no
say it. I did hold him up, but I not
geelty. How is it when the damned
gringos take all Pancho got? The grin
gos geelty, eh? What you say? Pancho
no bandolero. Pancho only take a
leetle of what is take from him. But
no use talk. Every one say Pancho
geelty. I no care. Nina mia, dead.
You see down there? They take Helena
to- the grave. I no want leef. I no
'f raid death. When they put Heleua mia
In the grave, Pancho die too. You watch,
senor you see."
The procession was entering the grave
'But I won't allow you to kill your
You not allow?" Pancho laughed
derisively. "But you make meestake.
Pancho no keel himself. Helena mia
say that Is wrong say es malo. I not
do what Helena mia say not do. You
keel me, senor."
"I kill you!" ;
"Si, senor, you keel me, or I keel
you. I got right to do that."
"But Pancho, Pancho," Howard al
most screamed, as he saw In the other's
face the sudden resolve and the plan to
effect it, "you must not make me do it.
No, you will not, Pancho. Think of
Helena. Helena would not want you
to do that. She would want you to live
and be a Parco." As he pleaded for the
other man's life, he became fearful of
his own nerves.
Pancho had turned his face in the di
rection of the little cemetery and the
people standing around the open grave.
Even at that distance his eyes were
fixed upon the coffin which was being
gradually lowered. To him came the
cadence of the last notes of the bells.
Suddenly he wheeled about and his
hands dropped from the rock above his
bead upon which he had been resting.
"Nqw"!" he cried, as he made a motion
to sieze his gun.
The Mission bells were still, but the
shot from Howard's gun reverberated
through the hills. Argonaut.
"Madam," be began as the door
opened, "I am selling a new book on
'Etiquette and Deportment.' "
"Oh, you are," she responded, accord
ing to Pearson's Weekly. "Go down
there and clean the mud off your feet!"
"Yes'm. As I was saying, ma'am, I
am sel "
"Take off your hat. Never address a
strange lady at her door without re
moving your hat."
"Yes'm. Now, then, as I was say
"Take your hands out of your pock
ets. No gentleman ever carries his
"Yes'm. Now, ma'am, this work on
"Throw away your pipe. If a gentle
man uses tobacco he is careful not to
disgust others by the habit."
"Yes'm. Now, in calling your atten
tion to this valuable "
"Wait. Put that dirty handkerchief
out df sight and use less grease on your
hair in the future. Now you look a bit
decent You have a book on 'Etiquette
and Deportment.' Very well, I don't
want it. I am only the servant girl.
Go up the steps to the front door and
talk with the lady of the house. She
called me a downright, outright, no-
doubt-about-lt idiot this morning, and I
think the book you're selling Is Just
what she requires."
Useful Palm Trees.
There are several kinds of palm trees
which flourish In Africa. One is the
date palm. The tree is very beautiful,
and when one knows the uses that the
natives make of it, it is a question what
the people would do for food and shelter
if the date palm did not grow there.
It provides them with food equal to any
of the grain foods with which we are fa
miliar It also provides them with
sugar, with wine, vinegar and oil.
Their houses are built of It, and their
furniture is made of it, and the roofs
are thatched that is, covered with Its
leaves. They have learned to moke pa
per of it, so that the history of the
country such as it has, is written upon
It. In South America there Is another
kind of palm the cocoanut palm. This
kind not only provides the South Sea
Islander with food, with timber for his
house, and wood for his furniture, and
thatching for his roof, but it also sup
plies him with dishes, for the nut of
the cocoanut is his drinking cup. It
also provides with a drink, for the milk
of the cocoanut, an American writer
tells us. Is as cool as any hillside sprlug,
and so delicate as to be Incomparable
with any other drink furnished by na
Sacred Flowers In India.
In the Hindu religion bright-colored
or fragrant flowers take a prominent
place as offerings to the gods, whilst
the leaves or flowers of other plants are
held sacred either for special historical
reasons, or for their fancied resemb
lance to mythical objects. The list of
flowers held sacred by the Hindoos
alone is an immensely long one. The
holiest flower In India is that of the
Kadamba tree, which is specially dedi
cated to the god Krlshnu. The flower
of the Pippul tree are venerated by the
Hindoos Because the Diety Vishnu Is
supposed by them to have been born
amongst its branches. Other peculiar
ly sacred flowers with this people are
those of the Asoca, the Bakula, the
Mango, the Bela and the Kadamba.
The most celebrated sacred flower is the
Lotus. In India It was supposed to
spring from Vishnu, and in Its unfold
ed blossom Brahma appeared; It was
also the attribute of Ganga. In Egypt
it was concentrated to Isls and Osiris,
and symbolized the creation of all
things from water, the rise of the Nile,
and the return of the sun.
Reaalla of Knight of the Garter.
A Knight of the Garter dressed in
the regalia is an Imposing sight. He
wears a blue velvet mantle, with a
star embroidered on the left breast.
His trunk-hose, stockings and shoes
are white, his hood and surcoat crim
son. The garter, of dark blue velvet
edged with gold and bearing the mot
to, "Hon! solt qui mal y pen6e," also
in gold, is buckled about the left leg,
below the knee. The heavy golden col
lar consists of twenty-six pieces, each
lin the form of a garter, bearing the
motto, and from It hangs the "George,"
a badge which represents St. George
on horseback, encountering the dragon.
The "lesser George" is a smaller badge
attached to a blue ribbon, worn over
the left shoulder. The star of the Or
der consists of eight points, within
which Is the cross of St. George en
circled by the garter.
New Method of Sealing Bottles.
In a new method of sealing a bottle a
capsule fits over the neck with slits for
the passage of a cord or ribbon, the
ends of which are drawn together and
pressed Into a stamped lead seal.
OUR BOYS AND GIRLS.
THIS IS THEIR DEPARTMENT OF
Quaint Sayings and Cut Doing- of the
Little Folk. Everywhere, Gathered
and Printed Hera for All Other Lit
tle Oaea to Bead.
In St. Nicholas Governor Roosevelt
of New York tells vwhat We Can Ex
pect of the American Boy." Of course.
he says, what we have a right to ex
pect of the American boy is that he
shall turn out to big a good American
man. Now, the chances are strong
that he won't be much pf a man unless
he is a good deal of a boy. He must
not be a coward, or a weakling, a bul
ly, a shirk, or a prig. He must work
hard and play hard. He must be dean
minded and clean-lived, and able to
hold his own under all circumstances
and against all comers. It is only on
these conditions that he will grow Into
the kind of American man of whom
America can be really proud.
There are always in life countless
tendencies for good and for evil, and
each succeeding generation sees some
f these tendencies strengthened and
some weakened; nor Is It by any means
always, alas! that the tendencies for
evil are weakened, and those for good
strengthened. But during the last few
decades there certainly have been some
notable changes for good in boy life.
The great growth in the love of athlet
lc sports, for Instance, while fraught
with danger if it becomes one-sided
and unhealthy, has beyond all question
had an excellent effect in in-reared
manliness. Forty or fifty years ago the
writer on American morals was sure
to deplore the effeminacy and luxury
of young Americans who were born of
rich parents. The boy who was well
off then, especially in the big Eastern
cities, lived too luxuriously, took to
billiards as his chief Innocent recrea
tion, and felt small shame in his ina
bility to take part in rough pastimes
and field sports. Nowadays, whatever
other faults the son of rich parents
may tend to develop, he Is at least
forced by the opinion of all his asso
ciates of his own age to bear himself
well In manly exercise, and to develop
his body and therefore, to a certain
extent, his character In the rough
sports which call for pluck, endurance.
and physical address.
The Little Boy's Lament.
Oh! why must I always be washed so
And scrubbed and drenched for Sun
When yon know, very well, for yon've
That I'm dirty again on Monday?
My eyes are filled with the lathery soap,
Which adown my ears is dripping;
And my smarting eyes I can scarcely
And my lips the suds are sipping.
It's down my neck and lip my nose,
And to choke me you seem to be trying;
That TH shut my mouth you need not
For how can I keep from crying?
You rub as hard as ever you can,
And your hands are hard, to my sor
No woman shall wash me when I'm e
And I wish I was one to-morrow.
The Shortest Month.
Did you know that the month of
September, in the calendars of English-speaking
people, one year had
only nineteen days? It was made by
the change from the old style to the
new style in reckoning time. Pope
Gregory, you know, dropped ten .days
From the calendar in 1682 to make civil
time and solar time agree, and fur
ther ordained that the closing year of a
century, Instead of being always a
leap-year, as in the Julian calendar,
should be so only when the number of
the year was divisible by 400.
Now, England did not adopt the
Gregorian calendar until 1752, and by
that time there was a difference of
eleven days. Instead of ten, between
that calendar and the Julian, the elev
enth day having been dropped in the
year 1700, which was not a leap-year
under the new rule. The English al
manacs for 1752, therefore, gave Sep
tember nineteen days Instead of thirty,
thus making their time accord with
Some Old Birds.
An observer mentions the instance of
a raven that has lived 69 years; a pair
of eagle owls, one of which is 07 and
the other 53 years; a Bateleur eagle
and a condor, in the Zoological Gar
Sens at Amsterdam, aged 55 and 52; an
Imperial eagle of the age of 56, a gold
en eagle of 46 and a sea eagle of 42,
and many birds of the age of 40 down
ward are also recorded.
Pigeons Form Telegraph Service.
There are several small Islands on
the Pacific Ocean that belong to En
gland. A vessel was wrecked during
a storm on one of these Islands, and it
was necessary to get word to Auck
land. Carrier pigeons were used. They
carried the messages and brought re
turn messages. This success led to the
buying of a large flock of carrier pig
eons, which were trained for the work
on these Islands. Each bird can carry
four messages, each written on paper
of a certain quality and size. When
four messages are ready a bird Is sent
off. Each message costs either 12 or
25 cents. These pigeons are private
No Food or Water.
Eight hundred people live on one ol
the W-est India Islands, where there is
no watei nor food, nor towns nor vil
lages. Anguilla is the name of the isl
and, and the Government has to send
food to the Inhabitants every year to
keep them from starving. The only
water they have Is tainted by the sea
and not fit to drink.
Sacred Banyan Trees.
Among the numerous things consid
ered sacred In India is the banyan tree,
one of the fig genus, remarkable for its
vast rooting branches. The horizontal
branches send down shoots which take
root when they reach the ground and
enlarge into trunks, which, in their
turn, send out branches.
Windows of Paper
A kind of paper is made from sea
weed which is so transparent that it
may be used instead of glass for win
The difference between Basques and
other Spaniards is striking, not only
physically but mentally. The Basques
are clean, quiet and business-like, nor
profuse In their speech, and they stick
to a promise when this is once given.
Other Spaniards think them morose, as
they are people of few words, rather
peppery when contradicted unnecessari
ly and only for talking's sake, and they
will stand no nonsense. Whilst It Is
the universal custom In the surround
ing Spanish provinces for every peas
ant, be it man, woman or child, to greet
you with a polite phrase, the Basques
pass by without any salutation. In
stead of profuse recognition when meet
ing a former employer, and then, after
typical Spanish fashion, Inquiring after
his own health and that of every mem
ber of his family, the Basques pass by
without a word, the former business Is
over, but he has no objection to enter
into a new contract. Wherever there Is
In a typical Spanish town an Inn or ho
tel run by a Basque, that house is the
one to make for; not only Is It cleaner
and more orderly, but ten to one the
landlord will not mind going out of his
way to help his guest. Dr. Gadow, in
Northern Spain. -
Sentenced to De th Three Times.
A famous criminal In Denmark has
had the unique experience of being sen
tenced to death three separate times
Such is the lenity of Danish law, or,
rather, the indisposition of the ruling
powers to proceed to extreme meas
ures, that this notorious person, before
he was tried for the third time on the
capital charge, had already been re
prieved twice and relegated to prison
for a long term. It was in prison that
he committed his third offense in mur
dering one of his jailers. He began
his long career of crime at the age of
8, by setting fire to a farm house. In
October, 1894, a criminal in Germany
was found guilty of the murder of two
women and attempts.to murder others.
Under the German law sentence is
passed for each crime, and the prison
er in this case was consequently twice
condemned to death on the capital of
fenses, and for the murderous assaults
to fifteen years' penal servitude.
Crystal Island is one of the small isles
of which such a large number are dot
ted about in the Pacific ocean. It re
ceived Its name on account of its being
one mass of beautiful crystallized car
bonate of lime. One of the most re
markable features of the Pacific ocean.
and one that distinguishes It from every
other, Is the vast assemblage of small
Islands with which, on the map, it ap
pears to be crowded, particularly In. the
portion situated between the tropics.
These islands are of three distinct
forms the coral, the crystal and the
volcanic. Of these, the. first formation
greatly predominates, but the largest Is
lands are of the last description... Of
the crystal formation, Crystal Island, is
one of the few specimens known.
Barnabee'a Unexpected Hit.
H. C Barnabee of the Bostonlans
tells a story about a baby which made
the hit of the evening at a certain per
formance of "Patience" in which he
took part, "There was a young couple
np in the gallery," he says, "and they
had the baby contingent along. My
thunderons tones repeating my lines,
Where the dust of an earthy to-day
is the earth of a dusty to-morrow,'
awakened the baby and It began to
cry loud and long. Then came my
lines, 'It's a little thing of "my own.'
I made the most of them and the house
caught on and yelled Itself hoarse."
The reason why the unexpected han-
pens so frequently Is because peoule
do not expect what they should. Som
When She Cries.
We will have reached the heights of
realism In literature when writers hon
estly describe the way the heroine looks
when she cries.
Only a strong-minded man can read
the persuasive advertisement of a pat
ent medicine without being convinced
that he needs a bottle of It.
Shoddy society Is made of the social
dregs thrown up by the waves of com
It Lifts a Barrel.
A German manufacturer has put on
the market a new barrel pulley, by
means of which a barrel can easily be
brought Into such a position as to allow
a handy and convenient way oJC tap
ping. The apparatus as represented
In the accompanying illustration, con
sists of a simple wooden frame on the
fiat part of which the barrel Is rolled
while resting on the ground. By means
of on inner pulley attachment which
can be worked by a handle fixed on the
back of the apparatus, the barrel can
be brought Into any desired position.
I have in mind a farm where there
Is one wide sweep of grain, not even
a fence, only a tiny strip of ground left
unplanted, to separate the wheat from
the rye. One large field contains the
corn crop. Of course, there are fields
for potatoes and for any other vegeta
ble that is raised in quantity, but there
are not half a dozen patches. This is
economy. There are no fences to oc
cupy room and to be kept in order
there Is not so much time spent in go
ing from one field to another, and the
conditions are of some value as to the
general appearance of the farm. Some
may say that the crops must be chang
ed from place to place; that potatoes
may yield well on one spot and fall en
tirely hi another, and so on. These
objections may bold good to a certain
extent. It may sometimes be desira
ble to change the crops, but this can
be done when necessary, and the farm
er is supposed soon to learn to adapt
his crops to his soil. There Is no need
of making a sort of landscape patch
work Of the farm. Palmer Sweet In
A Valuable Shire Colt.
Above Is a portrait of the Shire year
ling colt Buscot Squire, that won the
champion cup for young stallions at
the late London Shire horse show. Bus
cot Squire was sired by Markeaton
Royal Harold 15225, and his dam is
Madryn Bonny Lass 16956 by Willing-
ton Sir John 8607. He was bred by
Hon. Alexander Henderson and sold to
Sir J. Blundell Maple for 1,500 guineas,
or approximately $7,875.
The Farm Tools.
Keep Farm Tools Sharp. Too often
this is not thought of until the tools are
wanted for use, then much time is lost
In putting them in order. It has been
said that a man can do as much in two
days with sharp tools as in three days
with dull ones. I know a man who
does a great deal of hard hoeing, who
thinks the continued use of a file makes
a difference of nearly one-half in the
labor. So look after the condition of
the hoes, spades, scythes, saws, chisels,
etc.; It will pay. A good grindstone
and plenty of files are among the best
of farm investments. The man who
prepares himself before the rush of
spring work comes upon him will al
ways be ahead of his neighbor who de
fers preparation until time to begin
Grinding Tools. All edge tools should
be held on the grindstone so that the
action of the stone will be at right an
gles to the plane of the edge; in other
words, hold edge of tool square across
the stone. Ground In this manner, a
finer edge is set, the grinding is done
quicker, the tool holds an edge longer
and is less liable to become nicked. A
grindstone should always run true, as
a tool can not be ground correctly on
one that revolves with an Irregular mo
tion. It is well to grind on edges of
stone to form a raised surface.
Varnish for Tools. Melt three ounces
of tallow with one ounce of resin and
strain while hot, as there may be
specks In the resin. With a brush apply
a thin coating to polish parts and it
will preserve them from rust for any
length of time.
A Poultry Farm of Size.
It may prove a matter of surprise to
state that Mississippi has a $100,000
poultry farm. Here Is the proof: "The
second largest poultry farm in the
United States," says the Bay Wave-
land Commercial Pamphlet, "Is located
fifteen miles from Bay St. Louis; 5,000
laying hens ply their vocation, 1,500
ducks and many turkeys are a portion
of the enterprise. Twenty to thirty
600 and 800 egg incubators are in con
stant use. This alone demonstrates
the success of the poultry enterprise.
Commenting, the Sea Coast Echo says:
When the pamphlet in question was
being prepared it was a rule to make
no exaggerations, and no statement
that could not be fully substantiated
upon Investigation. The poultry farm
located at Bryant's, on the Louisville
and Nashville line, was established a
few years ago at a cost of $100,000. It
is one of the greatest and most inter
esting. Imagine a place where eggs
are gathered dally by wheelbarrows
Feed for Horses.
When cut feed with corn and oats Is
fed to working horses it often happens
that the proportion of corn In the meal
Is too large, causing the horse to get
off his feed, and possibly giving him
colic from Inability to digest it. If the
corn meal produces no other bad effects,
it Is apt to make the horse take on fat
rather than build up the muscles, as it
needs to do for "bard work. Some
wheat bran with a little wheat mid
dlings put in will remedy this. The
wheat middlings will counteract the
tendency of the bran to produce scours
and both are the natural complements
of corn meal, which Is mainly carbon
aceous, and Is, therefore, fattening,
rather than strength giving. The horses
especially like this mixture when cut
feed has been moistened with hot
water, thus partly soaking the ration
before it is fed to them. This hot water
on bran creates an aroma, of which,
mixed with cut hay, horses are exceed
ingly fond, and the whole ration being
cooked is more easily digested.
Those who want fat chickens or tur
keys should remember that the only
way Is to begin by feeding right from
the beginning. Do not trust to their
being able to pick up a living In the
fields for the summer, and then fatten
in a few weeks before killing. If they
find enough to eat when running at
large they will eat but little or not at all
when they come up at night, but It
should be placed where they can get It
If they want It Never let them go to
roost until they have had all they care
to eat of sound grain, and we prefer the
whole grain to any mash as the last
food of the day. Of course those who
keep their fowl In yards do not need
this advice, but they need to feed at
regular hours and give as much as
they will eat at night
To Grow Watermelons.
This is the way an Iowa correspond
ent of Farm, Field and Fireside would
grow watermelons: Select a rich loam
sandy loam Is best and dig holes six
feet each way, or In one long row, and
put a shovel of well rotted manure In
each hill, covering with two Inches of
dirt Plant about a dozen seeds in
each hill, ' covering one Inch deep.
Plant from the 5th to the 10th of May.
Soon after planting these, say five or six
days, plant a hill between each two of
the first ones. These will come up
about the time the bugs show up gen
erally, and they will not touch the first
vines, but will destroy the second
planting. Should the bugs come early
and attack the first vines they are all
gone before the others are up.
How to Transfer Bees.
Bees never attack when their stom
achs are filled with honey or other
liquid sweets. This Is their normal
condition when swarming, and there
fore they are then harmless,-and also
when returning to their hives. Neither
do they attack when thoroughly fright
ened. We frighten bees by blowing
smoke among them or by rapping
rather violently on their hives. When
bees are alarmed in their hives by
smoke or concussion, their first Impulse
Is to fill their honey bags from their
combs. Bees in a hive. that Is constant
ly being rapped against will in a few
minutes rush boldly out from among
their combs into any empty skip or box
set over their place of exit from the
The question of filled cheese h?s again
come to our attention through recent
prosecutions in England for selling
these goods contrary to law. Several
fines have already been Imposed upon
offenders, and there seems to be a de-
termlnned effort upon the part of the
officers of the law to enforce strict, ad
herence to the provisions of tbs act
which was framed to regulate the sale
of imitation cheese. The law provides)
that retailers shall advise their cus
tomers of the character of the article
sold, and they shall also wrap each
piece of cheese when delivered to a pur
chaser with a paper on which is print
ed distinctly the words "Margarine
Native Oklahoma Plants.
Those Interested In the flora of Okla
homa should send for bulletin No. 45 of
the Oklahoma Experiment Station.
This bulletin gives the common and sci
entific names of about 750 plants grow
ing without cultivation in the territory.
A popular summary of the bulletin was
Issued, but the edition of this Is already
exhausted. A copy of the complete
bulletin will be sent to all who request
Look carefully on the cherry trees for
any signs of black knot. It will be an
advantage to cut away the branch or
limb and burn it if any Indications of
the disease are found. It comes from
spores, and once It gets in an orchard
seems to hold Its own. Trees that were
treated last fall should be sprayed
early, following with spraying several
times thereafter, -
4 '- F