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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View This Issue
SSSSISvi-'Sr'se. ! Consolidated Feo., 1899.
CORVALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OREGON, TUESDAY, JUNE 12, 1900.
VOL. I. NO. 7.
fVe two make home of any place we go;
We two find joy iii any kind of weath
er; Or if the earth, is clothed in bloom or
If summer days invite, or bleak winds
What matters it, we two are together?
We two, we two, we make our world,
We two find youth renewed with every
Each day holds something of an un
We waste no thought on grief or pleasure
Tricked out like hope, time leads us on
And thrums upon his harp new song or
We two, we two, we find the paths of
We two make heaven here on this little
We do not need to wait for realms
We know the use of tears, know sor
And pain for us is always love's rebirth,
Our paths lead closely by the paths
We two, we two, we live in love eternal.
LICIA WELLINGTON was 20
years old and she had never re
ceived an oiler of marriage nor
had a lover. Her two younger sisters
were both happily married Gertrude to
a young man who had adored her from
childhood and Lottie to an elderly wid
wer who had fallen in love with her
at her coming-out party. Gertrude had
refused three offers before marrying
John Nelson; Lottie, who was a born
coquette, had received homage from al
most every man she knew from the
time she could talk.
Alicia was serious and rather
haughty. Her friends called her "in
tellectual," and this same intellectual
ity made her unpopular with men, who
were generally her inferiors in her cho
sen style of conversation, if not in
depth of thought. Until now Alicia
had affected to despise the other sex.
Lottie's flirtations and Gertrude's con
quests had seemed frivolous to her. But
Bhe wished to be a well-rounded woman
and it suddenly occurred to her that
she knew nothing of love, although it
was one of the chief things of life. The
fact that she was different from other
girls and their inferior in one respect
"SHE THINKS ME CLEVtK."
was brought home to her by a medita
tion on love and matrimony which fol
lowed the receipt of a letter announc
ing the engagement of the only un
married one of her classmates. To be
sure, Alicia was younger than the other
girls, but she had come out the same
"It is all very well not to marry," she
said to herself in conclusion, "but it is
odd not to attract a single suitor. There
must be something lacking in me. I
have always known that I didn't like
men, but it is strange that men don't
like me. I can accomplish almost any
thing if I make up my mind to it. I.
will have a lover. 1 need not marry
him, of course, but I will have him des
perately in love with me, so that I shall
have an impassioned offer; then I will
Alicia cast about her list of male ac
quaintances with a view to selecting a
suitable man for her experiment. Fi
nally she chose Reggy De Greve. Reg
gy was a year younger than Alicia. He
was as frivolous as any girl and de
cidedly effeminate in his looks and
ways. He had been one of Lottie's nu
merous admirers, in an impassive way,
but he had never gotten up courage to
propose to her. He had not been sure
that he wanted to do so. Now he came
to the house rather because he was u.ed
to coming to see "the ladies," once in so
often. Alicia's mother was fond of
him, for she had known him since he
was in dresses and she regarded him
as a boy. Of Alicia he stood somewhat
"Reggy will be a good one to begin
with," thought that young woman. "He
will be easy to influence. After I have
refused him I can try some one more
Thus Miss Wellington began her ca
reer as a flirt. That evening Reggy
came to the house. He found Alicia
wonderfully interesting. She talked
about cotillon figures, pretty girls,
fudges, and golf. Reginald was in de
mand as a cotillon leader, he was a
chevalier des dames, an expert chafing
dish cook, and an aspiring golf player.
"Gwacious, I never thought she knew
so much," he said to himself as he left
the house. But this was only because
Alicia had displayed knowledge of the
subjects with which Reggy was con
versant, for he had always known that
she was "intellectual."
It was scarcely a week before Reggy
again presented himself at the Welling
tons'. He asked for Miss Wellington
instead of for "the ladles." He was un
conscious of the neglect of Mrs. Well
ington, but wary Alicia smiled when
she, alone, was summoned to the draw
"Oh, Mr. De Greve," she said hereto
fore she had called him Reggy "I am
so glad to see you. I know you can
help me solve something that has been
worrying my poor brain."
She took a seat beside the young man
and submitted the "something" that
had been worrying her. It was only a
charade, an intricate one, however, tc
which Alicia knew the answer. Reggy
did not suspect that and he was good
at puzzles. He solved this one easily
and explained the elaborate process tc
"Thank you, Mr. De Greve, you are
so clever," said Alicia, exactly as she
had heard Lottie say the same words
to different men at least a hundred
That evening as Reggy went away his
predominant thought was "She thinks
In the course of time Alicia convinced
Reggy that she was uncommonly pret
ty, agreeable, not too wise, and alto
gether charming just the woman to
preside over his house and help him
spend his rather large patrimony. She
also convinced him that he was good
looking, clever, witty, and manly. In
deed, under the sun of her approval he
grew wonderfully until he was quite a
At last the schemed for proposal took
place. Satisfied with himself and mucL
more than satisfied with the accom
plished Alicia, Reggy asked her to be
his wife. Alicia foresaw the coming
offer, of course. She made ready to re
fuse it. She even chose her next vic
tim, William Giles, a lawyer of skill
and renown. He would be difficult tc
enthrall, but a foeman worthy of hei
But she did not think of William
when Reggy proposed. She watched
"the boy," as she called him in hei
heart, with a curious pride. "How well
he does it," she thought "Love has
made a man of him.- He is desperately
in earnest; he is charming he is adora
ble." "Why, Reggy," she said aloud, to hei
own astonishment, "I believe I do love
you. Yes, I will marry you, after all
yes, yes I will."
The happy Reggy did not notice the
peculiar wording of Alicia's acceptance
of his heart and fortune. He had wor
her and his joy seemed complete.
one but his wife ever knew that he hac
been the subject of an experiment.
NIGHT IN A BUFFALO HIDE.
Queer Imprisonment of a Hunter in
A party of scouts from the stations
on Bledsoe's Creek, in Sumner County,
was over in Wilson on a tour of obser
vation for Indian sign's, says the l'oit
land Oregouian. As they prepaied to
camp late one winter afternoon Capt.
Jennings, who was one of the number,
started out to kill a buffalo from a herd
which was near by.
There was a heavy sleet on the
ground, and he found it difficult to gei
a good range on account of the noise
of his feet on the crackling ice, but af
ter following the game for severa.
miles he at last killed a very large bull.
Fearing that the meat might be in
jured if left until the next morning, he
skinned the animal and took out the
viscera. By the time he was done night
had come, and he decided to remain
with his meat instead of seeking camp
in the darkness. So, wrapping the huge
hide around him, flesh side out, he lay
down and slept very, comfortably until
morning. On waking he found himself
tightly imprisoned in the hide, which
had frozen hard and now resisted all
his efforts to escape.
Hour after hour roiled by in agony to
the captain. He yelled at the top of
his voice for help and strained and
kicked with all his might at the raw
hide inclosure, but it proved stubborn
to the last degree. He doubtless swore
many a bitter oath, for he was of too
irascible a temperament to submit
tamely. He expected his companions
to search for him, and they did, but
with a great deal of caution, fearing
that he had been killed by the Indians.
His prolonged absence could be ac
counted for in no other way. He gave
up all hope of extricating himself as
the hours wore away, but help which
he had not thought of was to save him
from a death which would have been
extremely mortifying, at the least, to
a man who had escaped Indian bullets
and swam icy rivers like a beaver. We
will let him relate the issue in his own
words: "Well, the sun came out, in the
afternoon, and this softened the h'de
on the top so I could get one arm out.
and when I got one arm out I worked
like pizen until I got my body
Archibald Forbr a.
The recently deceased Archibald
Forbes' entrance upon the career ol
war correspondent was, it is said, de
cided by chance. His first step was tc
enter a cigar shop at the bottom of
Ludgate hill, where he bought a cigar,
and threw the names of the four or
five principal daily newsspapers into
his hat before drawing lots to decide
which of them he should first ap
proach. The name that he drew out
was that of the Daily News. Without
delay he sought out Mr. (now Sir J. R.)
Robinson, whom he then met for the
first time, and was promptly engaged.
Economy in Wipe ess TeleicrapTiy.
In one case $200,000 has been saved
owing to the establishment of wirelesa
telegraphy between the East Goodwic
lightship and the South Foreland.
OUR BOYS AND GLRLS.
THIS IS THEIR DEPARTMENT OF
Quaint Sayings and Cute Doings of the
Little Folks Everywhere, Gathered
and Printed Here for All Other .Lit
tle Ones to Head.
There is really no reason nowadays
why children should not have play
houses of their own, for portable struc
tures for lawn and garden use are
One house of this, sort is 0 feet 4
inches wide, 9 feet G inches long and 8
feet 9 inches tall from the floor to the
point of the gable. This house has one
door and one window. The window is
divided vertically in the middle, the
two halves opening back on hinges at
the side edges. The door has a glazed
sash in its upper part, and it has also
a lock and key.
These houses are built in sections,
and they can be put up in different
ways; that is, they can be set up with
the door in the front and the window in
one end of the house, or they can be set
up with both the door and the window
in front; the sections are interchange
able. There Is provided for use with the
house a veranda roof, which is made in
sections of the same width as the sec
tions of the house itself, so that these
veranda sections can be put up to
gether, making a continuous veranda
along one side of the house, or they can
be put up one over a door and one over
There are made also, for use with
these playhouses, if desired, outside
blinds and screens for doors and win
dows. The gable ends of this house,
under the roof, are shingled; the side
walls are of matched pine, as is also the
floor, which is made in two sections.
This house can be put up and taken
down in a few minutes.
All sorts of furniture in suitable
small sizes can be brought for the fur
nishing of these houses, including
chairs and tables and settees and vari
ous other articles in wood and in wick
erwork. handsome little desks, and
everything needed for parlor or library
or dining-room, and there can be
bought for kitchen and other uses the
most complete outfits, including stoves
of the most modern description and
inned with every sort of cooking
utensils, and there can be had also little
washing machines and ironing boards,
and so on.
The nlavhouse. in fact, whether it be
of one room or more, can be furnished
as completely as a house of ordinary
size. Cincinnati Commercial Tribune.
A Cannibal Story.
In the long winter evenings, which in
South Africa commence in May, June
and July, the little Boer children sit
around the fires and listen to stories
There was once a woman who had a
son named Magoda. She became a can
nibal and ate up all the people in the
One day her two nieees ran away
from their home and hid in her house,
but they did not know her. Their cous
in Magoda came and talked to them.
Then they hid. The woman said:
"I smell something nice. What is It,
my son? Surely I smell fat children."
Then she went to the woods and com
menced to cut down a tree with an ax.
When the first chips fell a bird called
Chips, return to your places!
Chips, return to your places!
Chips, be quick!
The chips then went back to the tree.
This happened three times. Then the
woman caught the bird and swallowed
it, but one of the feathers dropped out
of her mouth. She tried to cut down
the tree again, but this time the feather
sang the same song, and the chips flew
back to the tree.
The two nieces had been hiding in the
branches of the tree. They saw three
dogs as big as oxen. These they knew
belonged to their father, so they called
to the dogs, who ate up the wicked
woman, and so the girls went back to
their father singing the song of the
Saved by a Doll.
An exchange gives a story told by an
Indian agent of the manner in which a
doll averted an Indian war.
On one occasion Gen. Crook was try
ing to put a baud of Apaches back on
their reservation, but could not catch
them without killing them, and that he
did not wish to do.
One day his men captured a little In
dian girl and took her to the fort. She
was quiet all day, saying not a word,
but her beady black eyes watched ev
erything. When night came, however,
she broke down and sobbed, just as any
white child would have done.
The men tried in vain to comfort her,
until the agent had an idea. From an
officer's wife he borrowed a pretty doll
that belonged to her little daughter, and
when the Apache was made to under
stand that she could have It, her sobs
closed and she fell asleep- When morn
, , i
AN IDEAL, PLAYHOUSE.
ing came the doll was still clasped in
her arms. She played with It all day.
and apparently all thought of getting
back to her tribe left her.
Several days passed, and then the lit
tle Apache girl, with the doll still in
her possession, was sent back to her
people. When the child reached the
Indians with the pretty doll in her
chubby hands it made a great sensation
among them, and the next day the
mother came with the child to the post.
She was kindly received and hospitably
treated, and through her the tribe was
persuaded to move back to the reserva
tion. Old Story, but Good.
A little girl was permitted one bright
Sunday to go to hear her papa preach.
Now, it chanced that on this special oc
casion papa's sermon was of the "warn
ing" order. After a moment of breath
less surprise and horror the little lis
tener's soul was wrought upon with a
great pity for the poor mortals upon
whom so much wrath was descending
She rose excitedly to her feet, and, her
wide reproachful eyes Just peeping over
the back of the seat, called out, in
sweet, chiding tones:
"What for you scolding all the people
What Kept Him Late.
"How is it, Frank, that you're late
home nearly every afternoon?"
"Why, you see, mother, we've got
such a big clock in our school."
"But what has the clock to do with
" 'Cause it's so big it takes the hands
an awful long while to get around. If
we had a clock like papa's little one
I'd get home a great deal quicker."
Paid for His Humane Action.
Assistant District Attorney Osborne,
of New York, who won notoriety by
his energetic prosecution of the Moli
neux case, tells this story:
"Some years ago I was spending a
vacation at Rhinecliff, N. Y., trying to
recuperate my shattered health. I
stayed at a farmhouse which was the
property of a man named William
Traviss. He was often subject to fits
of melancholy, and in that condition
was wont to say that he was tired of
his life of drudgery and toil, and was
almost tempted to end his wearisome
existence. Things went along smooth
ly until one night he went out to attend
to the stock and was gone rather long
er than usual. I thought he might have
met with some accident, and started
for the barn to look for him. My worst
fears were realized, for there was Trav
iss hanging by a harness trace from a
"I hastily whIpped?out my knife and
cut the trace, picked him up and car
ried him Into the house and ran two
miles into Rhinecliff for a doctor. He
recovered, and gave his solemn word
that he would never try to commit sui
cide again. I left there two days after
ward, and upon asking for my bill
Traviss named an amount Just $2 over
what I was sure I owed. Upon asking
an explanation of the added $2, Traviss
" 'Well, Mr. Osborne, don't you re
member the buggy trace you cut the
night I tried to hang myself?'
"I paid up and went away for fear he
would find I owed him the doctor's
Wheat Lands to Be Opened.
The alarm about the early exhaustion
or insufficiency of the world's wheat
supply may be somewhat abated by the
facts in connection with an application
for charter of a new Canadian railroad.
The title of the proposed road Is the
Quebec and Lake Huron, and its route
is from the mou.th of French River, on
Georgian Bay, across the Ottawa at
Mattana and the St. Maurice at
Grandes Piles, to Quebec. The distance
is 440 miles, or 135 miles shorter than
from Parry Sound. Included in the
line is a great plateau, embracing
3,000,000 acres of forest and farming
lands, now out of reach of railroads,
and said to be capable of easily sup
porting a population of 500,000.
The region through which the new
road will pass is well adapted to wheat
growing, and the plan includes great
grain elevators for the accommodation
of this resource. Incidentally the
project calls attention to the fact that
Canada has other large tracts of unde
veloped territory adapted to the grow- J
ing spring wheat This area, added to
that about to be opened by the Trans- 1
Siberian Railroad, will certainly post- '
pone for some years the shortage pre
dicted by Sir William Crookes. Mean- '
time the wheat farmer is not receiving
a price for his product indicative of any
popular fear or speculative belief in the
failure of the supply. Pittsburg Dis
patch. Digestive Powers of the Ostrich.
The digestive powers of the ostrich
have long ago passed into a proverb;
the birds will swallow almost anything
that they can get Into their beaks. They
are amusingly greedy, and will gulp
down whole oranges more rapidly than I
they can take them into their stomachs, '
so that half a dozen may be seen pass
ing down their long necks at the same
time, each orange producing a queer
looking protuberance. When visitors
stand near the fence of one of the in-,
closure the birds will peck in a most
persistent manner at any bright object,
such as the head of an umbrella or a
walking cane, a watch chain, locket,
brooch or button. It does not surprise
us to be told by the attendant that in
digestion is the prevalent malady
among ostriches, and usually is respon
sible for their death. It is said that an
attempt is sometimes made to relieva
their systems of an accumulation of in
digestible matter by administering half
a gallon of castor oil in one dose. Good
As a moss gatherer the rolling joke
heads the list.
Stmm'a Horn Sounds a Wsnung Not
to the Unredeemed.
HE seven thou
sand silent ones
were worth more
to Elijah than the
shouting hosts of
Deciding to do
right is the be
ginning of a fence
that God will
help you to build
to keep the Devil
The richest man
is not the one who
has the most, but the one who can be
most thankful for the least.
Every Christian life ought to be such
that if all men were living it, the result
would be a heaven on earth.
The church needs men who will get
out and do the chores even though
others are raising their snores.
The human heart is like a grapho
phone cylinder and the sweetest records
are often cut by the stylus of pain.
Many a man says the Lord's prayer
every day who never thinks it worth
while to try to hurt the Devil with his
Salvation doesn't depend so much
upon what the head thinks about God
as upon what the heart is doing with
God is not worshiped in spirit and in
truth in the church that has to go into
the show business to raise money to
pay its honest debts.
Many a gifted preacher can find time
to read a new book every week, who
couldn't find the parable of the prodi
gal son without a concordance.
In patiently toiling a hundred and
twenty years without making a con
vert, Noah pleased God as well as Peter
did by having "about three thousand'
on the day of Pentecost.
FOUR RICH FOREIGN MISERS.
Made Fortunes by Besrging in Different
Countries Across Sea.
In Austria a man who was without
feet or arms seven years ago, lacking
two months, sentenced to hard labor
for that terms of years, is said to be
well and hearty and with eager longing
looks forward to the day when he shall
be liberated. Simon Oppasieh is his
name. Born legless and armless, he
managed in the course of fifty years
to make, purely by begging, $00,000,
and this huge sum he was in the habit
of carrying about with him by day and
hiding in the wall of the cellar where
he slept by night. He got into trouble
with the Austrian police by declaring
that he was destitute and taking an
oath to that effect.
Lately in England died one Isaac Gor
don who had been a professional beg
gar, and when he was picked up lifeless
out of the street it was found that he
had $15,000 on his person. And a writ
ing was likewise found that signifies
that he had made a will. Volunteer
heirs are coming forward in numbers.
The miser of the story book usually
hoards his money in good red gold
under the hearthstone or in some such
uncomfortable spot. Real misers of to
day seem as a rule to prefer bank notes.
They are certainly more easy to handle.
Tori, a notorious Italian beggar and
miser, who died a little time ago, after
a life of griping want and misery, left
$400,000, all of which was hidden in
boxes, tins and behind the tattered wall
paper in his room. It was almost en
tirely in paper money. Another man ol
the same type who died at Auxerre, in
France, in 1898, left a large sum In
bonds, but most of his wealth he had
invested in rare wine. No less than 400
bottles of one very choice vintage over
eighty years old were found in the cel
lar he lived in. This he must have
bought bottle by bottle. It was prac
tically certain that he himself had nev
er so much as tasted a drop of this liq
A Serum for Leprosy.
Some success has attended the treat
ment of leprosy by the injection under
the skin in various parts of the body of
the antivenene of Calmette. The case
was a woman 36 years old, and in three
months she received forty-seven injec
tions. As a result she was much im
proved, having lost her leprous expres
sion and the infiltration in various parts
of the body disappearing. The bluish
color of the face changed to a healthy
red. Some ulceration that was present
disappeared with several tubercles.
The skin became softer and fairer and
she gained fourteen pounds in weight
Tom I suppose Cholly Saphead Is
Dick Oh, of course. He has a new
wrinkle now. Have you heard him
speak of Joey Chamberlain lately?
Tom I haven't seen him of late.
Dick He refers to him as "Camber
Iain." He heard somewhere that the
British never could sound their "h's."
Sunday-School Teacher (finishing the
narration) And that is the story of Jo
nah and the whale.
Johnny Isn't it strange they knew
what a Jonah tvas that long ago? Har
Traveling Speed of Sound.
Sound passes through the air at the
velocity of 1,142 feet per second;
through water, 4,900 feet; through Iron,
Bequest for a Providence Park.
By the bequest of Miss Anna H. Man,
Providence is to come into possession
of about $200,000 for the maintenance
of Roger Williams Park.
The Angora Goat.
The accompanying picture shows
what the Angora goat is like. Its chief
value is in its fleece, which supplies a
material known as mohair, that is now
largely used in manufactures for
serges and coarser woolen goods,
braids and bindings, for which no
sheep wool is fitted. It is of African
origin, being kept in large flocks in that
part of northern Africa known as Don
gola, a part of the Soudan, where the
British armies recently subdued the
barbarous Dervishes. The skins of
this kind of goat are extensively used
for leather, of which the Dongoia kid
shoes for women are made. There is
a large amount of the wool and skins
Imported into every civilized country,
and especially into North America,
where women and children do not go
barefoot, and need light shoes. There
is an extensive interest arisen of late
in the United States in regard to this
goat, and large flocks of them are be
ing formed in many localities.
A plan of a greenhouse and the ar
rangement of pipes for heating Is
shown in the accompanying cut The
width is eighteen feet, the length as
may be desired. The walls are four
feet high. The benches are set on the
ground and are eighteen inches high;
the side ones are four feet wide and the
middle ones seven. The dark space in
the benches represent the filling of
stones or broken bricks for drainage of
the beds. There are seven distribut-
ing heat pipes, one three Inches in diam
eter at the top, which branches Into
four inch and a half pipes on the north
side, and three on the south. Whether
steam or hot water be used, the pipes
must slope sufficiently to cause the
water to flow In a steady current. The
depth of soil in the benches is ten
inches. The best way to heat a house
of this kind is by steam. The steam is
condensed on its passage and the wa
ter is returned to the boiler, thus form
ing a steady circuit through the pipes.
Good Pruning Knife.
Any one having tried to cut the old
wood of raspberries and blackberries
without a proper tool knows that the
job is anything
but a pleastnt one.
The force neces
sary to cut an old
woody cane is
enough to pull up
a whole raspberry
plant To make
cutting easy one
shouid draw the
knife across the
object to be cut. A
writer in Farm
and Fireside says:
I have lately come
across a knife that
works well. I
have tested it and
find it superior to
anything I have
seen. Looking at
Prttning knife. e accompanying
Illustration, one might suppose a knife
of such shape' would slip off Instead of
cutting. But that is not so. In testing
it one will be surprised how nicely it
will do the cutting. It will slip just
enough to give the drawing motion, and
thus it will sever the hard cane from
the stub with the least outlay of
strength. The illustration represents
the shape of the knife exactly as it
should be. A good blacksmith should
be able to make one out of a wornout
flat file. It should be inserted in an old
hoe handle, or something of that order.
Ftartinx Grape Vines.
I have had good success in inducing
young grape vines to make a vigorous
growth the first year by the following
method: When set they are cut bat to
two or three eyes and from these tney
usually start a number of canes.- Some
let all of these grow the first season,
others remove all but one. I do neith
er. Any plant to make a good growth
needs plenty of leaves. When my vines
tart Into growth in the spring I pinch
PLAN OF GREENHOUSE.
back all but the cane that I wish to let
grow. Those that are pinched back
form a nice bunch of leaves which
serve to shade the ground and take in
from the air for the benefit of the re
maining cane. When a sufficient num
ber of leaves have matured, the canes
which have been pinched back are re
moved to save further work in keeping
them pinched back. By this method 1
have had vines of Delaware make as
much growth the first season as they
usually do in two. Burrell Stephens.
Firat Principles with Bees.
Bees when frightened by smoke will
immediately gorge themselves with
honey and lose all inclination to sting.
The most vicious colony of hybrids
may be controlled by using a little to
bacco in the smoke.
The prosperity of a colony depends
upon the fertility of the queen. If weak
colonies have become populous in one
season kill the queen and give them an
other. Toads, skunks and mice are great ene
mies to bees; see that they do not have
access to the apiary.
Increasing or dividing should be done
as early as possible, but not until stores
are coming in abundantly.
Drones are just as essential as any
other bee, but too many are a nuisance.
This may be controlled by cutting out
drone comb and substituting worker
comb or foundation.
Drones may be prohibited In objec
tionable colonies by dividing early In
"Keep all colonies strong." ,
Care of Milk and Chnrnina.
As soon as drawn from the cow, put
the milk where no bad odors can reach
it, or better, as soon as a pail is filled
strain it into the can and place in a
tank of cold water or run through the
separator, if one is used. If ice is plen
tiful, reduce the temperature of the wa
ter to 45 degrees and practically all the
cream will be obtained. Do not mix
the night's and morning's milk if the
best grade of butter is expected.
Change the water in the tank often
enough to prevent its becoming foul.
If the water is kept at about 55 degrees,
practically all the cream will rise in
twenty-four hours. Skim, and when
enough is obtained for a churning, raise
to a temperature of 60 to 65 degrees to
ripen. Hasten the ripening by using
sour skim milk as a starter. In winter
churn at 65 degrees; in summer 55 to 00
is preferable. As soon as the granules
are the size of wheat grains, draw oft
and wash until all the buttermilk is
removed. Work, salt and market as
soon as possible. If you are so unfor
tunate as to get a poor grade of butter
it must be consumed at once or it will
soon be unfit for use.
Prepare your ground with a fine pul
verized surface. Mark rows 3 feet 0
Inches to 3 feet 8 inches apart. Plant
either in hills or drill rows. When your
corn is large enough to plow, commence
by plowing the first row on the side of
the field. Skip every other row. When
you have gone over the entire field in
this way, commence plowing the rows
which have been missed. I find that
by this method it is much easier to turn
without breaking down corn at the
ends, especially so after corn Is knee
high or higher. In dry hot weather this
method of plowing keeps down the
weeds better, and is less injurious to
the roots of the corn. This method re
tains the moisture much better than
plowing the rows as they come. Wo
are able also to kill weeds In the cen
ter of rows much more readily because
those that have not died as the result
of the first plowing may be killed on
the second. S. A. Hofman. i
Crops that Pay Best.
Small farms can be made to combine
many advantages. Some poultrymen
grow plums in the poultry yards, and
also keep bees. Others grow early veg
etables under, glass and also grow two
or three crops in the open ground. One
gardener near Philadelphia makes a
large profit on four acres, on which he
grows only lima beans. Another makes
peas a specialty, following the peas
with late cabbage. To attempt to
"farm" four acres in the usual way,
with wheat, corn, oats, etc., would
cause bankruptcy. The crops that pay
best, are those that require the most
hand labor. i
The English Sparrow.
A law has been enacted in France
exempting the sparrow from the pro
tection which is given to insect-eating
birds, and the farmers are declaring a
war of extermination against them.
Ihe evidence of experts was taken who
had examined the contents of the stom
achs of hundreds if not thousands of
them, killed at various seasons of the
year, and they all pronounced them in
jurious to farmers as being grain eaters
and also destructive of fruits and leaf
buds, and that the insects they ate
were but few, and not among those
most troublesome in gardens and or-,
chards. fo j
Farm Economy. - : J
Economy on the farm is where the
profits are made. The utilzatiqn of
foods that are usually wasted will per
mit of keeping more stock and cheapen
ing the cost 'of production. A leading
New York farmer states that the sav
ing of only 1 cent a day on the cost of
each cow in the State would amount to
over $6,000,000 a year. The gain of
only one quart of milk a day would
make an additional profit of 112,000,000
in one year.