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About Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909 | View This Issue
Sl'iJS'trVie..! Consolidated Feb., 1S99.
COBTALLIS, BENTOX COUNTY, OREGON, TUESDAY, JUNE 5, 1900.
VOL. I. NO. 6.
A LAZY PHILOSOPHY.
f reckon I'm kin to the lilies; I toil not,
an' never spin:
I only answer to roll-call when the winds
from the west blow in
Dyer the dew-drenched medders over the
song-sweet rills, v
An' the sun with a glad "Good-mornin' "
reads the dreams o' the drowsy
What do I want to toil fer, when the
golden bee contrives
To feed a feller on honey stored in the
When I see the color crcepin' to the
peach's rosy roun".
An' the red-ripe apples are fallin' an'
dentin' the wet, sweet groun'?
Never was made fer a worker; how kin I
stack the hay
Or follow the furrow when all the birds
are singin' my soul away?
Singin' my soul away to the medder-
With the green o' the boughs above me
an' the violets at my feet?
Reckon I'm kin to the lilies that's what
the workers say:
Brother-in-law to the medder dressed fer
the marriage with May;
But I alius answer to roll-call though
I toil not, an' never spin;
The roll-call o' the roses when the winds
from the west blow in!
N 18 I found
the brig Mermaid,
through the Per
sian Gulf on her
way to Constanti
nople. There were two
p a 8 8 engers a
looking Turk and
FThe Diver's Stratagem.
a young Circassian girl, whose surpas
sing beauty it was Impossible to per
Her motions were as graceful as
those of the crested waves that threw
raiu bo wed spray around our bows; her
kin was as white as pearl; the cheeks
Just tinged with a delicate rose color,
so that, In the sunlight, they looked al
most transparent. Her eyes were
almond-shaped, of a dark, bewitching,
blue color, and her hair her shining,
glorious hair fell almost to her feet, in
thick, undulating masses.
Meek and melancholy, she would
stand by the side of the -Turk, her ta
pering fingers Interlocked across her
breast, the blue eyes often suffused w to
How could she help feeling melan
choly? She had been sold to the Turk
by her own father; sold for the Turk's
harem; snatched away from a young
man whom she tenderly loved a state
ly, handsome pearl-diver, the bravest
and most skillful on the Persian coast,
near which this girl had lived.
When I learned this from our stew
ard, an inquisitive, talkative French
man, I must confess that my heart was
stirred with pity for the unfortunate
damsel, and I felt that it would be no
more than right for some good-natured
person to snatch the girl from the Turk
and restore her to the arms of her lover.
This, however, seemed an impossibili
ty, as she was bought and paid for, and
the lynx-eyed Turk followed her care
fully wherever she went
We had gained considerably on our
course, when to windward webeheld
one morning a gigantic cloud, shaped
like a human being, striding along to
ward us at a great rate. It whirled
round and round as It advanced. Pres
ently off went its head; a flash of light
ning darted up from Its trunk, arid then
then gods! what a crash what a
whirling what a humming!
As far as we could see to windward
the water was one mass of boiling,
Then there was a strange, rumbling
roar, as of an earthquake under the
tea, and vast columns of water, tossed
far upward, mingled with the sound
and rack of the storm. The captain
had every stitch of canvas taken in, so
when the tempest struck us away we
went, driving along before it on our
beam-ends, under bare poles. On our
beam-ends, with the water plowing
aver us, almost engulfing us, with every
timber cracking and the masts swaying
and snapping like dry twigs.
For two hours we were thus driven
along, bewildered, almost blinded, by
flying rack and spray, when the tem
pest having slightly abated, we were
enabled to move about the deck.
The captain loosened his topsails and
endeavored to edge up close to the
Vain the attempt; the brig would not
come up. and we were rapidly driven
by wind and current back toward the
port which we had left a few days be
fore. The Circassian girl came up; and
when she divined what was taking
place her blue eyes shone with joy.
In broken English she explained f
me, during a few minutes' conversation
which I held with her while the Turk
was below filling his pipe, that she be
lieved her lover, Gustave Morono,
would start in pursuit of the brig in his
little Ashing smack the moment he
should hear that she had been carried
away, and she hoped that now we
would soon fall In with it. Even as she
spoke an erratic blast struck the brig.
Down went the vessel making a furi
ous plunge. There was a loud, snap
ping sound, and over went the main
mast by the board. The wreck was
cleared with axes, but the brig now
rolled wildly, shipping enormous seas
"Man the pumps!' was the order.
It was executed; the men worked
hard, but the water gained on us. In
a few hours the craft would be water
logged, so that we should be obliged to
A six-oared cutter our only boat
was lowered, provisions were deposited
therein, and we quitted the little Mer
maid with feelings of deep regret.
The Turk kept grumbling and growl
ing as the boat was whirled wildly
along before the blast, and held on firm
ly to the arm of his fair property, as if
now fearful that she might escape him.
There were fifteen men in all in the
cutter, and many lowering glances
were directed toward the Turk by the
sailors. They all sympathized with the
maiden, and wished something would
happen to free her from her purchaser.
The captain, however, who was under
obligations to the Turk a wealthy
merchant for many favors in the way.
of trade and presents and in other
ways, would reprove the hands for
their behavior. He was a Russian, and
his words were delivered in the harsh
tones peculiar to the people of that na
tion. His speech grated upon the ears
of the pretty Circassian girl, accustom
ed to the rich, musical language of her
own countrymen. More than once she
raised her hand to her little, pink ears,
while a slight frown contracted her
All night we were tossed upon a wild
sea, .expecting every moment to be
swamped, but at daylight the gale
abated considerably, and we saw land
Something else we saw, too a small
fishing smack shooting along toward
us, close hauled, like a bird on the
"Gustave's boat!" exclaimed the girl,
delighted, clapping her small hands.
"T'ank, oh' t'ank, tousand times, de
storm for dis!"
The Turk frowned darkly and drew
his ugly looking scimitar. He knew
enough of English to understand the
girl, and, with angry motions of his
weapon, he now intimated that be
would chop off her lover's head if he
attempted to take her away from him.
"No, you won't!" shouted a sturdy
English tar, springing to his feet. "Fair
play a fair fight for the girl! What say
"Aye, aye!" was heard on all sides.
The fishing boat came nearer every
moment, and soon we were all taken
aboard, when, with a glad cry, the Cir
cassian girl rushed Into her lover's
The Turk advanced, fire gleaming in
"A fair fight!" shouted several sail
"No, no," cried the captain. "The girl
belongs to the Turk; he purchased her."
"No difference, no difference!" cried
all hands. "They must fight for her.
He had no right to buy her."
As there was no help for it the cap
tain was obliged to witness what fol
lowed. First the young pearl-diver, gently
putting the girl to one side, drew a long
knife; then he struck the Turk over the
cheek with his left hand.
The merchant, flaming with rage,
dashed toward him, and the combat
commenced within about fifty yards of
the very coast whence Gustave was
wont to dive for his pearls. He had
tacked the moment he picked up the
party, and was now running along al
most in the shadow of a low rock
crowned with verdure and projecting
far out into the water.
The knives of the combatants clashed
again and again; many cuts ere given
and received on both sides. The Turk
grew more furious every moment. Fi
nally he aimed at the young man's neck
a terrible blow, which must have taken
off his head but for his leaping quickly
backward. This brought him close to
the gangway, where he succeeded in in
flicting a sharp stab under the Turk's
right armpit, causing him to drop his
scimitar overboard. The Mohamme
dan, however, now drawing a pistol
with his left hand, was about discharg
ing it at his enemy's head, when the
maiden threw herself on her lover's
breast to protect him. This caused his
foot to slip, and, the rail being low,
overboard he went, with the girl in his
With a curse the Turk discharged his
pistol after them; he was a "good shot"
and seldom missed, having had much
practice with firearms in his youth.
"You have shot him!" exclaimed the
captain, as the spectators vainly waited
for the reappearance of the lovers.
"Shot him and the girl, too!"
One, two, three, four five minutes
the longest period a diver can remain
under water elapsed, and still they
rose not to view.
The Turk, with lowering brow,
smoked his pipe and gravely declared
he was sorry he had paid so much both
in money and blood (he was covered
from head to foot with slight stabs) for
a girl, to be cheated out of her in the
end. The sailors, however, shaking
their heads and rolling their quids, sol
emnly averred that it was better the
girl should be the property of Davy
Jones than that of a heathen Turk.
Four days later, having vainly hunt
ed for a vessel to carry me to Constan
tinople, who should I meet aboard an
American craft Just getting ready to
sail for home but Gustave, the pearl
diver, and the Circassian girl.
I expressed my surprise, when Gus
tave explained that after going over
board he had swam, under water, diver
fashion, ashore In a little sheltered bay
shielded from the view of those board
the fishing vessel by a jutting rock.
Under cover of night he had then
made his way to the American vessel,
resolved to carry his beautiful prize to
a free land.
I have to add that the vessel safely
reached New York harbor and that I
witnessed the marriage of Gustave
with the pretty Circassian. New York
FOB LITTLE POLKS.
A COLUMN OF PARTICULAR IN
TEREST TO THEM.
Something that Will Interest the Ju
venile Members of Every Household
Quaint Actions and Bright Sayings
f Many Cute and Canning Children.
One of our boys wants to know how
the ancient Romans performed simple
multiplication. They did not understand
multiplication, or any other part of the
science of arithmetic, as we do. Their
system of notation was clumsy, and
yet it was, to a certain extent, satisfac
tory; at least. It was founded on princi
ples that were easily understood and
The fundamental principle is the use
of five letters of the alphabet to express
numbers, thus: I represents one; V,
five; X, ten; L, fifty; C, one hundred;
D, five hundred; M, one thousand. They
expressed addition and multiplication
by combining these letters according to
certain fixed rules.
The first rule is that the repetition of
a letter repeats Its value; as X, ten;
XX, twenty. The second rule is that
when a letter is put before one of great
er value than it represents, the comb
bination expresses the difference in
their value; as, I, one; V, five; IV, four.
The third rule is that when a letter Is
put after one of greater value the com
bination expresses the sum of their
values; as, V, five; I, one VI, six. The
fourth and last rule is that a dash over
the letters in an expression is equiv
alent to a multiplication by one thou
sand; as, IV, with a dash extending
over both letters, expresses four thou
sand. So, you see, they had a system of
multiplication, though it was a clumsy
one. They knew nothing about the sys
tem that we now have, which came in
with the introduction of the so-called
Arabic figures, in the beginning of the
Birds, Beasts and Telegraph Poles.
To creatures Incapable of understand
ing their use, the first telegraph-poles
were naturally misleading. A London
paper Is authority for the statement
that when these useful articles were
introduced into Norway they had a dis
quieting effect on the bears.
The bears heard the moaning of the
wind In the wires, and proceeded to put
two and two together. Such a buzzing
as this had been heard before. It was
associated in the minds of the bears
with a sweet morsel. The poles must
lie gigantic hives. So the bears set to
work to root the poles out of the
The woodpeckers also listened to the
humming, and concluded that innumer
able insects were concealed in those tall
poles. Therefore they also went to
work to find the treasure, boring holes
to extract the insects.
In time birds and animals became
wiser, and the telegraph-pole or wire is
used by more than one bird as a safe
place for its nest There Is a small bird
in Natal that used to build its cradle
shaped nest in the branches of trees,
but as soon as the telegraph-wires
were set up, it changed the location of
its housekeeping and built on the wires,
so that snakes could not molest its
The new position was found so se
cure that the bird added a second door
to the nest, which had hitherto possess
ed only a small opening in the side
farthest from the overhanging branch.
Clean Face and Hands.
I mM O St Anybody ur Jerai"c3rjs
- 3 clear, face aryJ
Tb ' " cas c"
And it to I of effete
ft SW na ft. a. "T9
Hold Up Tour Head I
One of the best ways In the world to
keep the shoulders straight Is to hold
the head up in the air. If you go with
your head lopping forward you look
like an enervated apology for yourself,
and pretty soon you will begin to feel
as "hangdog" as you look. A long-continued
habit of keeping the head bent
forward tends to develop the character
istics that the attitude implies; you get
slouchy in your dress, irresolute In your
habit of speech, absent-minded, and
likely enough, finally, a poor, sneaking
counterfeit of a boy or girl. So hold up
your head physically and It will help
you to hold up your head spiritually
and mentally. Your tendency will be
to breathe deeper, to walk freer and to
see more of the world. The earth Is
beneath. The sky, trees, human faces
and hosts of other interesting things are
so high up that you will not see them at
all unless you throw back your shoul
ders and lift up your head to its natu
ral and honorable place. A bent head
tends to make the shoulders rounl, the
chest hollow, the gait poor, for your
tendency is always to be pitching for
ward, and so we find that "stoop-shouldered"
persons develop lung trouble,
spinal trouble and a generally undesir
able condition. Hold up your head!
The other day Herman Cruts, a 16-year-old
boy employed at $1.08 a day to
repair frogs and tracks on the Lacka
wanna Railroad tracks at Paterson, N.
J., was struck by a switch engine and
hurled to the earth unconscious, with a
crushed right arm. His earnings had
been the chief support of a widowed
mother and four brothers and sisters,
of whom the eldest Is 15, the youngest
3. "We'll have to amputate your arm,"
said the surgeons when Herman got his
senses. "For heaven's sake, try to save
it," he begged. "What will mother nd
the children do If I cannot work for
Here was heroism that requires no
roll of drum nor blare of bugle to stimu
late. In the midst of the awful agony
of physical pain the agony of the mind
predominated. His solicitude was not
for himself the loved ones at home
were first In his thoughts. Here is true
bravery, the nobility of heroism, if ever
Why He Was Sorry.
"I wish I hadn't licked Jimmy Brown
this morning, mamma."
"You see now how wrong it was, don't
"Yes, 'cause I didn't know till noon
that his mother was going to give a
MOST ANIM a LS FONO OF MUSIC.
Scorpions and Bears Ke pec ia 11 y Suscep
tible to a Concord of Gonads.
It is a little remarkable that none of
the many talented musicians of Chi
cago has endeavored to charm the ani
mals at the Lincoln Park zoo with their
melodies. It is Well known that many
members of the brute creation are par
ticularly fond of Instrumental music.
In an Eastern city the violin was used
recently with interesting results In ex
periments with all sorts of living crea
tures. First, it was played before a
tarantula. She paid no attention what
ever to it. But a nest of scorpions be
came intensely excited and wiggled
frantically. A cobra showed remark
able susceptibility. She was sleeping
soundly when the experimenters ap
proached her, but the first tone awak
ened her and she raised her bead. As
the music swelled she continued to rise
till she was standing straight as a pil
lar, supported only by her tail. Every
change in tempo and pitch had effect
The pizzicato made her puff her entire
body. Swift waltz music caused her to
erect her ugly hood to Its fullest size
and a sudden dissonance made her
wind and twist her body as if she were
in real agony. .
The polar bear tried to dance to . the
sounds of the instrument At least he
swayed his body rhythmically and
made a rumbling sound which betrayed
deep pleasure. The grizzlies and the
lions moved their paws and the lions
their talis also In time with the music.
It happened that a string snapped with
Its peculiar sharp smack just as the
player had begun to perform before the
cage of a hyena. That poor animal at
once hunched Its back up, drew Its tall
between the legs and crouched trem
bling In the furthest corner of the cage.
The elephant and the ostrich were de
lighted by soft tones. Chicago Chron
icle. A WOMAN OF HOLLAND
Composed the Boer National Anthem
Now Sung by British, Too. '
The national anthem of the Boers
was written by an old. lady who is at
present living a peaceful, obscure life
In Holland. This lady. Miss Catherine
Felicia Van Rees, was born in Holland,
at Zutpben, In 1831. She Is an excellent
musician, and In her youth she com
posed several operettas which were
performed by the Choral Society of
Utrecht. At one of these performances
she made the acquaintance of Mr.
Burgers, a member of the society, who
was at that time studying theology In
the University of Utrecht In 1875
Burgers, who In the meantime had be
come President of the South African
Republic, went back to Europe and re
newed the acquaintance of his old
friend. Miss Van Rees. One day he
begged her to write a national hymn
for the Transvaal, and in a few hours
the lady wrote both words and music
for what is now the Boers' national
hymn. The burghers were so pleased
with the composition that the Volks
raad of Pretoria officially accepted the
work and sent Miss Van Rees a letter
of thanks and congratulations. The
composition Is very popular among the
Boers, and It is said that the British
soldiers in South Africa have beard It
so often that many of them now sing
and whistle it.
One of Arterans Ward's Stories.
Artemus Ward used to tell of a lec
ture experience which he had in a little
place In the far West. There was a bliz
zard on the night when he held forth,
and consequently the audience was
small. "After my lecture," said Arte
mus, "I ventured to suggest to the
chairman of the committee that the
elements having been against me that
evening I might repeat my talk later
on in the season. After conferring with
bis fellow committeemen the chairman
came back and said to me: 'We haven't
any objection at all to your repeating
your lecture, but the feeling Is that you
had better repeat It in some other
Crowns for Sale.
Birmingham is the only place In
which manufacturing crowns is an in
dustry that may be said to flourish.
The trade is principally with Africa,
where the numerous kings have come
to regard a Birmingham crown as a far
more elegant emblem of royalty than
the stove-pipe hat which they formerly
affected. A serviceable crown, gaudily
decorated with imitation precious
stones, may be purchased for quite a
Author This novel contains 200,000
words, and yet I'll sell it for $60.
Publisher Go on! I can buy a dic
tionary any day for $5. Syracuse Herald.
RAM'S HORN BLASTS.
Warning Note Calling the Wicked ta
makes a hard
Activity is not
Be grateful for
and it will make
your trials look
No one who is
fit for heaven
wants to go there
The devil 'is the father of every doubt
A quiet mule is better than a balky
Patience will cure more pains than
The seed of prayer always springs up
The devil has a mortgage on every
boy who smokes.
Love that enriches not another Im
The less you value the world the more
it is worth to you.
A man may have a good deal of re
ligion and yet not have Christ.
A minute with God in the morning
will mean God with you all day.
An unregenerated conscience may
make you a conscientious brute.
Heavenly mindedness is for the office
and store as well as for the church.
To be contented with what we have
Is about the same as to own the earth.
There Is no case on record where
God ever blessed a man against his will.
In speaking with God remember men;
in speaking with men remember God.
People do not grow much in grace
while they are having their own way.
A warm-hearted preacher will gener
ally find a way to warm up a cold
. The devil would rather start a church
fuss any time than to sell a barrel of
One of the biggest fools in the world
Is the man who thinks the devil's husks
can make him fat.
One of the hardest things the devil
has ever tried to do Is to put a long face
on a happy Christian.
When the devil was cast out of heav
en he stole an angel's robe with which
to hide his cloven hoof.
MAKING A VAS1 PO RTRAIT.
Painting a Face Seventy Feet by Forty
five, on Broadway.
The Broadway throngs passing a cer
tain corner forgot their usual rush, and
frequently the sidewalks are congest
ed as the crowds stop and look up at
the side wall of a building, says the
New York Mail and Express. They
stand upon the swinging bridges and
walk up and down them with as little
concern as if they were threading the
flagstones beneath. But what attracts
the spectators more than anything else
is the nature of their work. They are
painting a colossal portiait on the side
of the wall. The oval in which the
head ia contained is five stories in
height and about three in breadth, -or
about 70 feet high and 45 feet wide.
The resemblance to the man whom It
Is Intended to represent is striking, and
the accuracy with which the -lines are
drawn Is remarkable when the size of
the 'picture and the proxlmiity of the
painters Is considered. The swinging
scaffolding Is, of course, directly
against the wall, and there can be no
"stepping back" to see the effect of the
work, but every line is as true as a
plummet and to a drawing master the
"drawing" would be considered almost
The men work from a small photo
graph, held in the left hand while they
put In the lines with the right. The
artist at first began to make a small
portrait only about two stories high,
and had finished up a third of It when
for some reason a change In the size
was determined upon, and, leaving the
smaller sketch as it was, worked the
larger over It giving it a rather weird
Found the End.
An Irishman who was out of work
went on board a vessel that was In the
harbor and asked the captain If he
could find him work on the ship.
"Welt" said the captain, at the same
time handing the Irishman a piece of
rope, "if you can find three ends to that
rope you shall have some work."
The Irishman got hold of the rope,
and, showing It to the captain, said:
"That's one end, your honor." Then
he took hold of the other end, and,
showing It to the captain as before,
said, "And that's two ends, your hon
or." Then, taking hold of both ends of
the rope, he threw it overboard, say
ing, "And, faith, there's another end to
It your honor."
He was Immediately engaged. Lon
Conjugating a Verb..
A United States consul recently re
turned here gives the following account
of how English Is taught In the French
schools: "Jean, you will stand up," said
the master to his brightest pupil upon
the occasion of the consul's visit. "Now,
conjugate the verb 'I have a gold
mine.' " "I have a gold mine," re
sponded the bright pupil, with scarcely
an accent "Thou hast a gold thine, he
has a gold hlsen, we have a gold ourn,
you have a gold yourn, they have a gold
Posterity of an Engl en Sparrow.
' A statistician of small things figures
It out that the posterity of one English
sparrow amounts In ten years to some
thing like 276,000,000,000 birds.
It la terribly easy to get a person en
gaged in wondering if perhaps he isn't
throwing himself away. I
Cow Bears Two Lambs.
The accompanying picture might
have been thought a fancy of some art
ist of fertile imagination, were it not
a photograph. A photograph never
lies; it may distort the truth when It
Is the work of a bungler in the art; but
there is none of this In this picture. It
goes to show the good nature of the
Jersey cow, whose kindly expression
betokens that she is greatly pleased
with her foster family. These lambs
were unfortunate orphans, resulting
from an accident to the ewe. As a tem
porary expedient they were held to
the cow and put to the teat and imme
diately accepted the services of the
foster mother, who reared them, as
well as her calf. These lambs, pure
bred Southdowns, are valuable, being
of superior stock, and the Incident
goes to show not only the usefulness of
HAPPY AND PROSPEROUS FAMILY.
the substitution, but of the good tem
per and disposition of the Jersey cows
so often denied to them. The cow Is
a pure-bred Jersey only two years old.
There Is one more lesson given In
this picture, which is timely; It teaches
how lambs should be docked! These
lambs were docked when ten days old
by simply clipping off, with a sharp
pair of pruning shears, the tall at a
joint, first drawing back the skin, so
that enough of It was left to cover the
bone. A little common pine tar was
then applied so as to make a plaster
over the wound by the help of the
wool, which was twisted together
with the tar to exclude the air. The
lambs showed no inconvenience, and
at that early age the nervous system
is so little developed that but little
pain can be felt
Various Methods of Grafting.
The scions should be cut while the
buds are dormant and the grafting
done during the spring. Bailey says
the best time to top graft is "when the
leaves are pushing out, as wounds
made then heal quickly and the scions
are most apt to live." Others graft
just as the buds on the stock are about
to swell. When much of this work is
to be done, it is often begun a month
or two before the leaves may be ex
pected to start and Is continued even
after they are full grown.
Cleft grafting, the first illustrated.
Is particularly adapted to large stocks
and Is commonly employed for the top
grafting of old trees. The scion should
be in close contact with the stock and
the wound well waxed. Saddle graft
ing needs no explanation. It Is used
on small plants and oftenest with a
terminal bud. The graft Is tied secure
ly and waxed. This method is some
times used late In the season. Whip
or tongue grafting is also used on small
stocks one or two years old. The parts
are held firmly by a bandage and if
they are above ground must be pro
tected by waxing. i
Pollination of Fruits.
All kinds of fruit trees and vines de
pend upon pollen for success in produc
tion. Some fruits that are well sup
plied with their own pollen will ma
ture, but when the blossoms receive
pollen from some other source the fruit
reaches nearer perfection. Self-fecundated
pears have been known to be de
ficient In seed, and plums of the same
variety have given the same unsatisfac
tory nesults. Prof. Munson, of the
Maine Experiment Station, has found
that the size of tomatoes may be quite
dependent on the amount of pollen
they receive while in bloom, one receiv
ing a larger amount growing four times
as large as one receiving only a small
quantity. The number of Insect visit
ors in an orchard determines, to a large
stent, the amount of cross-pollination
CLEFT, SADDLS AND WHIP GRAFTING.
carried on, as the pollen of the apple
and pear Is not produced in sufficient
quantity, nor of the proper consistency
to be carried by the winds. Three or
four varieties of fruits should be plant
ed together: that is. three or more va
rieties of apples, the same of pears,
etc., and every fruit grower should
have at least one hive of bees.
A certain authority has stated that a
single female louse may become the
grandmother of 10,000 in eight weeks'
time. Some other parasitic insects are
said to breed even more rapidly. There
is but one way to exterminate them,
and that is to kill the first one as quick
ly as possible before it has an opportu
nity of breeding. This is not so diffi
cult If one pays attention to the matter,
and as soon as their presence Is sus
pected use any good reliable remedy
for them, of which there are many, al
though we know of none more efficient
than kerosene emulsion, or a mixture
of kerosene one pint In four pints of
skimmilk. In that proportion it may be
used safely by a sponge or cloth, rub
bing It In to reach the skin. We re
member when it was as unusual to see
calves in the spring that were not trou
bled with lice as it is now to find a
flock of poultry without them, and we
hope another half century will banish
them from the poultry yard as gener
ally as the last half century has from
the calf pen. Exchange.
Use of Plaster.
Before the use of artificial fertilizers
became so general, many farmers made
a practice of putting a handful of land
plaster or gypsum around each hill of
corn. They claimed that It caused It to
take on a brighter color or a darker
gren, and that it grew faster. Then
they were instructed by the agricultur
al papers that chemists said plaster had
no fertilizing property, and that they
should use superphosphate at five or six
times the cost Perhaps the papers
were right for few even of the chem
ists know then the power which plaster
has of absorbing and holding ammonia
until it is washed out by the rain, or
know how much ammonia might be In
the air, to be brought down by rain
and dew. We think that it would pay
to use plaster In that way now, and we
know of nothing that would do so much
good at so small a cost It would prob
ably be of most benefit where there
was manure decomposing in the soil to
throw off ammonia not yet converted
into nitrates. American Cultivator.
I have successfully used this simple
remedy for years, and never failed to
cure a sick fowl, If the medicine was
given before the bird was In the las
stage of the disease, when no remedy
will cure. Boll three ounces of green
white ash bark in two quarts of water.
After it cools, mix corn meal with It till
It Is of the consistency for proper feed
ing. Then add a teaspoonful of cay
enne and a tablespoonful of black pep
per to from one to two quarts of the
feed, and force the fowls to eat it It
will cure every time. Chicken cholera
is a diarrhea, and the bark. and pepper
act as astringents. Most of the so
called chicken cholera, and gapes In
little chickens, are caused by drinking
water which stands In the poultry yard
and barnyard. These diseases can be
largely obviated by having the land
well drained and perfectly smooth, so
that no water can stand on it after
rains, and by keeping pure, fresh water
where the fowls can drink at will.-
Martha E. Norrls.
What to Plant
There are three things a farmer or
gardener should consider before he puts
seed In the ground. First what crops
his soil is best adapted to raise. To
try to grow that which Is not adapted
to the soli is a waste of time and labor.
Next what does he understand the care
of best? This is less Important because
If he Is not very stupid agricultural pa
pers and books of some kind neighbor
may teach him enough to make him
successful with a crop of which he has
had no previous experience. Third,
what crop can he find a good market
for without too much expense for trans
portation? Nearly all the farmer's crops
are In demand but the weed crop, but
not all may sell well In his own neigh
borhood. Think it over before putting
In the seed.
Swill for Pigs.
I see that some one says that swill la
not good for pigs. I am sorry of this,
for several reasons; first it ruins the
old poet who spoke of the swine
squealing for swill. He will now be
compelled to say they were squeaking
for more "balance rations," etc. Then
it does away with mother taking that
poor little scrubby pig and washing
him nice in soap suds and then feeding
him swill for nine months and then
selling him for $2.36 more than we got
for the best in the litter that we had
fed at the same time the very best of
feed ! Sad, isn't it? B. J. A., in Farm
To Keep Out Peach Borers.
It has been recommended to pile or,
scatter various substances around the
base of peach trees to keep out the
borers. Prof. M. V. Sllngerlarid tested1
tobacco stems (midribs of the leaves)
from a factory by winding them around
the base of the trees and found the re-;
suits astonishing. Evidently, the to
bacco kept out from two-thirds to
three-fifths of the borers. Where the
stems are cheaply obtainable they would
seem worth trying.
To Tie an Animal.
A convenient way to tie a horse or
cow where a head stall Is not used:
Take a rope the desired length and
thickness, splice harness-snap In one
end, put other end through a small
ring, one Inch In diameter; tie ring In
rope just long enough for snap to fit
neck. The ring can be easily moved to
suit size of neck. It will never slip,
and endanger the animal's neck. J. EL
Stita. - P