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About Union gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1899-1900 | View This Issue
UNION Entab. July, X89T.
GAZBTTB Estate. Dee, 1.862.
Consolidated Feb. 1899.
CORVALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1899.
IUL IUH0 Ul IIIL IILUi
From - All Parts of the New
World and the Old.'
OF INTEREST TO OUR READERS
ComprehantlTe Review of the Import
ant Happening of the Past Week
Culled From the Telegraph Columns.
Many bonds are being purchased bj
the government now.
The United States cruiser Montgom
ery has arrived at Montevideo. .
In consequence of Lord Saliabury'i
bereavement, diplomatic matters will
It is said that the Boers move so fas
and often that the British cannot keep
track of them.
The Americans are in control oi
vastly greater territory in Luzon tha
they were a month ago.
Aguinaldo, with a few men, womex
and carts, was seen between San Fabiab
and San Fernando on Friday.
James D. Richardson will very prob
ably be the leader of the minority in
the next house of representatives.
As a matter of convenience for their
"Western business, the Pullman com
pany will build repair shops in Denver
A Brooklyn court has rendered a de
cision that school boards cannot be
forced to admit negroes in white
The Vancouver (B." C. ) chief of po
lice believes he has the long-songhJ
Tascott, the murderer of Millioniai
Snell, of Chicago. a
The British court of appeals has re
versed the lower court and will per mil
the Mexican Intern:, tional railroad to
proceed with its plan for funding itt
6 per cent bonds.
The navy department has awarded
the contract for a drydock at thi
League Island navy-yard, Philadelphia,
to the Atlantic, Gulf & Paciflo Com
pany, for $782,000. ' '
A report has been received at Vie-
Mrs. Dumbleton, another woman and
three unknown men. They were car
ried under the ice in a small boat:
Because he transferred his Washing
ton home, the gift of patriotic citizens,
first to his wife and later to his son.
Admiral Dewey is the subject of much
censure, and contributors to the fund
will accept no explanation.
Congress will be petitioned to create
positions for Fitzhugh Lee and "Old
Hoss" Wheeler. A fund will also be
started to purchase each of them a
sword. The movement is being engi
neered by young ladies, who want their
idols to be major-generals. The first
meeting was held in Chicago.
Four thousand miners in Indiana
have gone on a wage strike.
Democratic newspapers in Kentucky
now concede Taylor nearly 2,000. :
Cattle now command the highest
prices since 1882 in the Chicago mar
kets. ' .
that Canada is too severe in her retalia
The Standard Oil Company hai
raised the price on crude oil to a point
the highest in four years.
The revenue cutter Mannin? will
Boon leave New York for the North Pa
cific coast, where she is to remain in
President's message will be held
open until the latest, possible time,
awaiting developments in the Philip
pines. r -
, Two confessed horse-thieves in Illi
nois traveled a rough road on their
way to jail and narrowly escaped
A terrible battle took place last
Thursday between Colombian rebels
and government forces. A thousand
rebels were killed. -.
Walter Morehead, of London, a
stockholder in the Southern Pacific,
h&a appealed to the courts to set aside
the recent reorganization.
The schooner Maple Leaf was
wrecked abreast of New Glasgow. Her
captain, now dead, was to have been
married on his arrival in port.
The torpedo-boat Dahlgren is not up
to requirements and her builders will
have to pay fines. The boat, it is said,
should not have been accepted.
General Funston says that Colonel
Me teal f is not guilty of the charges of
murdering a Filipino preferred against
him by a member of the Twentieth
Kansas. .. ...'"
The Santa Fe is stretching out for
trade in northern California. It has
recently bonded the Klamath road,
the Belt Line about Eureka harbor and
immense tracts of timber land.
By the death of Vice-President Ho
bart, the office of vice-president be
comes vacant for the rest of MnKin.
ley's term. The president pro tern of
tne senate win oe elected when con
Naval tests of the Marconi wireless
telegraphy at sea were successful up to
SO miles. At 36 miles the messages
Lieut. Franklin Schley, who is soon
to go to Manila, closely resembles his
father. Hear Admiral Schley, in ap
pearance and stature.
With appropriate ceremonies the
Methodist Episcopal home for the aged
at Bala, a suburb of Philadelphia, was
dedicated by Bishop Fobs.
Miss Edith Root, daughter of the
secretary of war, makes the tenth
young unmarried woman in the cabinet
set at Washington, an unprecedented
Rev. Dr. James Campbell, of Hart
ford, Conn., provides in his will for t
gold medal to be given each year to the
student who stands highest in the med
ical department at Yale. :
Miss Frances L. Wood, a school
teacher at Greenwich, Conn., has re
signed rather than yield to the require
ment of the trustees asking her to give
pp Her diamond irame bicycle.
Major-General Otis will come homej
soon. -. .
In England, the "antis" are not al
lowed a free press.
Three hundred Spanish prisoners are
now at Manila.
Much damage has been done to po
tatoes by the recent rains in Oregon.
Hundreds are dying weekly in China
from the plague, and . the government
refuses to take sanitary precautions.
Dispatches found on prisoners show
the Boer loss at Belmont to have been
only 10 killed and 40 wounded.
The United States ship Ranger at
Mare island, is supposed to be fitting
for some secret mission
France is hostile to Catholic orders.
Seven bishoprics and salaries of 700
vicars are to be suppressed.
Troops will continue to. go to the
Philippines, They will be needed, as
other islands than Luzon are requiring
Roberts will not be able to retain his
seat, as a majority are against him.
He has some supporters who will insist
on a hearing. . v
The rebels evacuated Mangalaren in
a hurry. They did not fire a shot and
left an hundred American and Spanish
prisoners behind. ;
The English money market is appre
hensive. Discount rates are high and
gold continues to flow out. for war sup
Two men, Engineer Robert Hunter
and Fireman D. L. Miller, were, killed
in the O. R. & N. wreck near Rooster
Rock. W. F. Herzinger was badly in
jured. , ! .
The Boers at Est court were defeated
by Hildyard's forces. The defeated
force retreated toward Colenso, destroy
ing a railway bridge at Frere, and
Britishers are after them with a flying
The young celestials of San Francisco
have a plan on foot to restore to power
the young emperor of China. They
will raise a fund of $50,000 to carry it
out and introduce certain - needed re
forms in the empire. ;
The purchase of large tracts of fir
forests by Eastern lumbermen has
caused a sharp advance in the price, of
both logs and standing timber in Wash
ington. Within a short time stumpage
has arisen from 10 to 20 cents.
Viceroy Curzon in his report on the
famine in India says that 80,000,000
people in the area are now affected.
Relief work up tr the present time has
cost the government $5,000,000, aside
from losses of revenue and loans.
Governor Leary Bays he must have
an ice machine in the isle of Guam.
Water is unfit to drink. With a cold
storage outfit and an occasional supply
of fresh beef, he can -furnish subsist
ence for a larger garrison of men.
Smallpox is prevalent in Indian ter
ritory.. " i -., ;,.
' Cubans want the troops withdrawn
but no American civil governor.
A new finance bill is under . consid
eration by the Republican committee.
Eastern Oregon steers sell . for $70
apiece. . Wool goes at 15 cents per
Secretary Wilson will try to reform
the present practice of free seed distri
An organization to control the out
put of electric fans has been perfected
in New York.
England has given notice to the'
powers of Europe that a state of war
exists in the Transvaal.
A portage road at The Dalles on the
upper Columbia is under construction.
This is part of a large transportation
A representative of the Russian gov
ernment is in Chicago buying horses
for the czar. Over 2,000 head have
bo far been purchased. ". .
Admiral Watson reports that the en
tire province of Zamboanga, island of
Mindanao, has surrendered to Com
The widespread operations of 'the
Boers demonstrate that they have
greater strength than has been esti
mated, says a London dispatch.
A private of the Twentieth ' Kansas
says the Filipino whom Colonel Met-
calf is accused of murdering was killed
by the colonel in self defense.
Filipino troops are scattered in small
companies and are committing fright
ful atrocities. Those of the natives who
have welcomed or tolerated the Ameri
cans are remorselessly cut to pieces."
Sir Francis Winagte, in the battle
with the khalifa's force, near Gedid,
captured 9,000 men. women and chil
dren. Osman Digna, the principal
general of the khalifa, is still at large.
Dr. von Holleben, German ambassa
dor to the United States, in the pres
ence of 2,000 Germans, - presented a
flag sent by Emperor William to the
United German Soldiers' Societies in
Representatives of the American
English syndicate have been in Mon
tana all summer and fall, securing op
tions on the best sheep ranches and
best watered land for the purpose of
consolidating them into one large com
pany. William R. Moody, son of Dwight L.
Moody, has assumed the editorship of
the official newspaper of Moody's
The grave of President Tyler, in
Hollywood cemetery, in Richmond,
Va., which has been unmarked for 37
years, is to have an appropriate monu
ment. Mrs. Annie E. Brumby, mother of,
liieut. Brumby, of the Olympia, was
one of the spectators at the ' festivities
in Atlanta, Ga.t in honor of her son.
Admiral Dewey has been unanimous
ly re-elected commander of the Naval
Order of the United States.
The spheres of influence in China are
to be informal. The United States has
refused to agree to . a treaty. This
country wants an open door everywhere
which others are disposed to give with
' Owing to the present low price of
sugar and the poor prospects, many
Cuban planters have decided not to
grind their present crop, but to use it
in replanting and increasing their
T OH ITS LAST LEGS
Filipino President Has Sur
rendered to Me Arthur.
CONGRESS AND CABINET GONE
President Bautlsta Renounced All Con.
nectlon With the Insurrection and
Asked for an Office.
Manila, Nov. 27. Bautista, presi
dent of the Filipino congress, presented
himself to General MacArthur today
and formally renounced all further con
nection with the insurrection. He was
one of the influential Filipinos who
hesitated at the beginning of the war
as with which side to cast his lot. ; He
was offered a judgeship of the supreme
court, but declined. He now annnoucea
that he desires to accept the position,
and says the Filipino congress and cab
inet are scattered, never to reassemble.
Some of the members, he adds, have re
turned to their homes, while others are
flying for safety. Many of the con
gressmen have resigned, and he be
lieves the -Filipino soldiers will lay
down their arms everywhere as soon at
they learn the truth.
Senor Buencamino, a former member
of the so-called cabinet of Aguinaldo,
has been brought to General Otis a
prisoner, on the transport Brutus. He
had sought refuge in a village near San
Fabian, with Aguinaldo 's mother' and
son. The natives disclosed his identity
to Major Cronin, who captured him.
General Young is still in tho -moun
tains, on the trail of Aguinaldo.
SITUATION IN NATAL.
Favorable Message From General White.
Durban, Natal, Nov. 27. An official-
message from General White, at Lady-
smith, dated November 22, says:
Situation unchanged. Troops well
The Natal Advertiser confirms the
report of fighting near Willow Grange.
"Five thousand British left Estcourt
Wednesday afternoon for reconnoi-
sance. They surprised the Boers at 8
o'clock Thursday morning, and occu
pied the Boer position, bayonetting 80
of the enemy. At daybreak the Boers
opened with quickfirers. The British
artillery was unable to reach the Boers
and the British position, therefore, be
came untenable and was evacuated.
Subsequently the artillery was brought
into action, and the Boers fell back.
Their object having been attained the
British returned to Estcourt."
Five Hundred Boers Killed. v
London, Nov. 27. The Daily Mail
publishes the following dispatch : from
Belmont describing the battle:
- ' The Boers held a position which
British troops would hold against ; al
most any force. The British victory is
complete. My estimate of the Boer loss
is 500 killed and 150 wounded. Mr.
Knight, correspondent of the London
Morning Post, was wounded. The
Boer prisoners - are ignorant, dirty and
wretched. They say that half their
command, tired of the war, will refuse
further service. "
MANY SPURIOUS BONDS.
State of Virginia May Have to Fay Cou
pons Just the Same.
New York, Nov. 27. The Herald
says: Considerable interest nas been
created among investors by the an
nouncement that a large number of
forged Virginia state 3 per cent bonds
are afloat. It is not known how many
of these bonds are held in this city, but
it is said that a comparatively large
number have found purchasers here. It
Is the opinion of some who are consid
ered authorities that the coupons from
these bonds in the hands of innocent
third parties will prove valid obliga
tions of the state of Virginia.
Under what was know as the Riddle
bergerlaw, in 1882, a contract was
given by Virginia to the Kendall Bank
Note Company, of this city, for 3 per
sent bonds, which were to be used in
refunding the state debt. Ninety days
after the contract had been awarded, a
special session of the legislature an
nulled the Riddleberger law. How
ever, bonds having a face value of
$3,000,000 were expressed to Rich
mond and were refused. Later they
were sold for the charges. In whose
hands the paper fell is not known.
Attempts were made to " recover the
bonds, but without success. For more
than a year, however, - banks in the
North and West have heard much of
the forged bonds. It is said that in St.
Louis last July a trust company loaned
$30,000, taking a large block of the
worthless paper as security. In that
case there was no attempt . at fraud,
and the loan was repaid before either
the borrower or lender knew that the
security was without value.
. Window-Glass Jobbers Organize.
New York, Nov. 27. Fifty jobbers
in window glass, after a two days' ses
sion in this city, have organized . the
National Window Glass Jobbers' Asso
cation. In effect the new association
will be a purchasing agent through
which the individual jobbers will buy
their stocks the individual jobbers
having no dealings with the manufac
Street Hallway Strike;
Detroit, Mich., Nov. 27. After a
meeting lasting four hours, the street
railway employes of the city at 4 A.
M., decided to strike within 48 hours
unless the Citizens' Street Railway
Company accede to certain demands
which will be presented to them today.
These demands include the reinstate
ment of certain discharged employes
and adjustment of differences with re
gard to the crews of suburban cars run
ning into the city.
Washington, Nov. 27. The navy de
partment received the following cable
gram from Captain Leutze, command
ing the naval station at Cavite, dated
"The Culgoa reports that the
Charleston has disappeared."
- The Culgoa was the relief-ship sent
out from Hong Kong. It is believed
at the navy department that the
Charleston has slipped down into deep
water from the steep bank on which she
was resting at the bow. The report
has dissipated the last hope of saving
Letters Successfully Sent at the Bate of
60.O0O an Hour.
New York, Nov. 29. Experimental
tests of the Pollak-Virag rapid tele
graphy system were made on Sunday
over 1,089 miles of wire, between this
city and Chicago. Signals, consisting
of the letters of the alphabet from A to
Z, were sent at the rate of 60,000 an
hour, but, owing to the great amount
of induction to be overcome and inter
ference and interruptions with the
wire, no actual messages were trans
It is asserted that the system, which
has been successfully operated up 'to
700 miles, will -work t 1,000 miles or
more when a good wire is obtained and
a sufficient battery power provided. In
the experiments here, two ordinary
telegraph wires were used to form a
complete metallic circuit, , and the
ground connections commonly employed
in telegraphing were dispensed with.
Josef Virag, one of the inventors, was
at this end of the wire, while Herr
Pollak was in Chicago.
When the wires were finally fonnd
to be clear, the signals were sent. They
had previously been punched in a roll
of tape by a perforator similar to that
used in the Wheatstone system. The
tape was passed through a transmitter
containing a metal cylinder, revolving
at a high rate of speed. Bearing down
upon the tape were two needles. At
each perforation a needle completed
the circuit and made a dot or a dash
at the other end of the line. A small
electric motor operated the transmitter.
In order to carry the signals through
to Chicago, it was found that a current
of 75 volts was necessary.
After the signals had been sent
through the apparatus to Chicago, an
operator, using the ordinary key, tele
graphed back that . they had been re
ceived all right. At this juncture, the
time for changing from day to night
wires arrived, and the circuit was in
terrupted at Buffalo. The experiments
were then postponed to another day.
Claims of Southerners.
Columbia, S.C.Nov. 29. Governor
Miles B. McSweeney today addressed a
letter to the governor of each Southern
state, asking for united effort to get
Southern representatives in congress
to work for the passage of a bill to re
fund $11,000,000 to Southern people
for cotton seized by United States
troops during the war between the
states. The cotton was sold by the col
lector of customs at New York, and the
funds were placed in the United States
treasury. . The United States supreme
court had decided that the government
has no right or title to 'these funds,
which are held for ultimate return to
those entitled thereto. But the funds
cannot be reached except by congres
sional action, as legislation is neces
sary before action can be brought
against the sovereign government. -
Forced to Fut Back. -
Seattle, Nov. 29. With a cargo of
dying horses and mules, and 55 empty
stalls, the United States transport Vic
toria returned to port late tonight, hav
ing been forced by an unprecedented
stress of weather off Cape Flattery to
turn back from her voyage to the Phil
ippines. Of the 410 horses and mules
carried, 55 were literally pounded to
death against the sides of their stalls
in the storm, and the remaining ani
mals are bo badly bruised that the offi
cers of the vessel believe that many
cannot be saved. .
The Victoria sailed for the Philip
pines last Thursday.
Berlin. Nov. 27. The Lokal An
zeiger says Professor Stiles, the scien
tific attache of the United States emf
bassy, has been recalled because of
"differences with the imperial health
officer." As a matter of fact, Professor
Stiles has been treated of late with un
usual discourtesy by the health officer,
and he officially reported the matter to
Washington, advising that Germany's
scientific attache at Washington, Count
von Hacke, should be deprived of priv
ileges like those of which Professor
Stiles was . deprived here. Professor
Stiles sails for the United States in De
cember. He will not have a successor.
Messages Through Walls.
Chicago, Nov. 29. Professor- W. S.
Johnson and C. L. Fortier, of Milwau
kee, today made a succesful test in this
city of wirel ess telegraphy. They suc
ceeded in telegraphing without wires
through a suite of seven rooms, with
all doors closed, and through seven
walls. Another test was made when
tbe signals were conveyed through
three fireproof vaults and an ordinary
telegraph switchboard, in which third
wires were connected up, and about 40
dead wires were located. This is con
sidered to be the severest test to which
wireless telegraph has yet been sub
mitted. Samoan Treaty.
Washington, Nov. 29. The United
States has declined to accept the
agreement as to the disposition of the
Samoan islands reached by Great Brit
ain and Germany. The reasons which
influenced the state department here in
rejecting the British-German arrange
ment related entirely to minor mat
ters. At the instance of the other par
ties concerned, the United States pre
pared and submitted a draft of a treaty,
which it is hoped will be acceptable to
all three powers.
Burial of Bill Anthony.
New York, Nov. 29. Richard
Croker, on behalf of Tammany Hall,
today agreed to contribute $300 to bury
Sergeant Bill Anthony, of the Maine.
Mr. Croker also promised to give $100
personally to a fund to erect a monu
ment over the grave of the marine.
Zii Hung Chang's Appointment.
Berlin, Nov. 28. A dispatch from
Peking announces that an imperial de
cree has been issued appointing Li
Hung Chang minister of commerce.
Charles Coghlan Is Dead.
Galveston, Tex., Nov. 29. Charles
Coghlan, the distinguished English ac
tor and author, died here today of gas
tris, aged 66 years. He had been ill
in Galveston since his theatrical en
gagement here four weeks ago.
Queensland Ministry Kesigns.
Brisbane, Nov. 28. The ministry
has resigned as an outcome of a vote
of the assembly in connection. with the
construction of railroads. The gover
nor has summoned Mr. Dawson, a
leader of the labor opposition, to form
a new cabinet.
Impressive ' Religious Ser
vices at Patersonr-
SERMON BY REV. DR. MAG1E
Distinguished Men of the Nation TVerv
Present Remains Placed in a Vau.
at Cedar Lawn Cemetery.
Paterson, N. J., Nov. 28. With the
mpressive religious ceremonies of the
Presbyterian churoh, and with the dig
nity due to his high office, all that was
mortal of tie vice-president, Garrett
A. Hobart, was committed to the
earth. The president, Secretary of
State John Hay, Chief Justice Fuller,
exYice-Preaident Levi p. Morton, ex
Secretary of War Alger, Secretary of
the Interior Hitchcock, the supreme
court judges, m timbers of the senate,
members of congress and the vice-presidents'
personal friends filled the beau
tiful Church of the Redeemer, and
with moistened eye --and . bowed head
testified silently and eloquently to' his
worth as a statesman, friend and
, Through the west window from the
center of the stained glass Maltese
cross pierced a shaft of crimson light
that shed its light around the cata
falque and bathed the orchids, nar
cissus blossoms and white roses in
bright tints. The eye of the clergy
man, Dr. David Magie, traveled along
the shaft of light to the cross as he re
peated the words: "The Lord gave and
the Lord hath taken away; blessed be
the name of the Lord."
The chief magistrate of the country
bowed his head in his hands. ' He was
visibly agitated. ; There was scarcely
a dry cheek in the crowded edifice,
and the widow was comparatively the
most composed. AH the pomp of an
official pageant, which was omitted in
deference to the wshes of the deceased,
could never have caused the impres
siveness of this scene.
Through a long lane of thousands of
uncovered heads, the cortege wended
its way to Cedar Lawn cemetery, where
the body was placed in the receiving
vault. i "
THE KHALIFA IS DEAD
Killed in a Battle With the Anglo
Cairo, Nov. 28 Lord Cromer, - the
British minister here, has received . the
following dispatch from General Kitch
"Wingate's forces caught up with
the khalifa's force 77 miles southeast
of Gedil and attacked it. After a
sharp fight he took the position. The
khalifa, who was surrounded by a
body-guard of emirs, was killed, . and
all the principal emirs were killed or
captured except Osman Digna, who es
caped. The dervifhes were utterly; de
feated, their whole camp - was taken
and thousands surrendered.. . A large
number of women, children and cattle
also fell into the hands of the Anglo
General Kitchener also wires:
"We took the entire dervish camp.
All the dervishes not killed surren
dered. I cannot speak too highly of
the excellent behavior of the troops,
and their enduring the long, tedious
marches preceding the final action.
From 4 o'clock in the morning of No
vember 21 until 5 o'clock in the morn
ing of November 24 they marched 60
miles and fought two decisive actions.
"The Soudan may now be declared
to be open." ,
Filipino Troops are now Scattered in
Manila, Nov. 28. The last Filipino
council of war was held by the retreat
ing leaders at Bayambang November
13, in the house now occupied by Gen
eral MacArthur. It was attended by
Aguinaldo, Pio del Pilar, Garcia, Ale
jandrino and some members of the so
called cabinet. Information has
reached General MacArthur from sev
eral sources to the effect that the coun
cil recognized the futility of attempt
ing further resistanoe to the Americans
with united forces, and agreed that the
Filipino ' troops should scatter and
should hereafter follow guerrilla meth
ods. The disposition of the generals,
with their approximate forces, is as
General Concepion, with 840 men,
in New Egija province; General Maca
bolos, with 825 men, at the town oi
Binaca, province of Tarlac; General
Pio del Pilar, with 800 men, northeast
of Malolos; General Aquino, with 500
men, at Arayat; General . San Miguel,
with 150 men, in Zambolos province;
General Maecardo, with 1,100 men, in
the mountains west of Angeles,, and
the largest force, probably under Gen
eral Trias, in Cavite province.
' Train Struck a Slide.
Troutdale, Or., Nov. 28. The O. R.
& N. eastbound passenger No. 2 ran in
to a small slide near Rooster Rock at 9
p. m. The engine was derailed and
slid down the embankment, instantly
killing Fireman Milor and injuring En
gineer Robert Hunter, how seriously
is not known. , The mail car was de
railed, but the passenger coaches re
mained on the track. The train crew
and passengers showed great heroism in
the work of digging the dead and in
jured men from the wreck.
Thanksgiving in Berlin.
Berlin, Nov. 28. Rev. Mr. Dickie,
pastor of the American church in Ber
lin, delivered today a Thanksgiving
discourse before a large congregation.
The church was hung with American
Rusty marks can be taken out of
linen by dipping it in hot water and
squeezing the juice of a lemon over it.
The Maine Explosion.
New York, Nov. 28. The World to
morrow will publish a letter from Ha
vana stating that United States offi
cials, after months of secret investiga
tion, have discovered that the battle
ship Maine was blown up by guncotton
torpedoes placed in the bay for that
purpose. The guncotton, 700 pounds
of which was used, was sent from Bar
celona to Admiral Manterola, com
manding the port of Havana. It was
either stolen from the magazine where
the stuff was stored, or taken away
with the knowledge of the officials in
CENSUS OF DAIRY PRODUCTS.
Requirements of the lav in Regard to
The law requires the statistics for the
12th census of dairy products (farm
and factory) to be taken on separate
The division of agriculture will take
the amounts of milk and cream pro
duced and sold, and the amount of
money received from their sales; also
the quantity and value of all the but
ter and cheese made on the farm.
On the manufacturer's schdule will be
taken the quantity of butter and cheese
made in factories, co-operative and oth
erwise, together with the quantity and
cost of raw materials (milk and cream),
cost of labor, capital invested, charac
ter and value of plant and machinery,
After the two forms of schedules
shall have been returned to the census
office in Washington, the like statistics
of. dairy products on each will be con
solidated, and thus show, what never
heretofore has been shown, the total
yield of milk in the United States and
the amounts and values of ' its several
This assertion is based on the' as
sumption that the farmers shall fur
nish to the enumerators, fully and ac
curately, the information which the
schedules may call for.
In. some sections the records of
cheese factory and creamery operations
for the current year are destroyed,
agreeably to previous vote of directors
or patrons For 1899 they should vote,
instead, to have prepared and preserved
for the use of the census enumerators,
who will appear on June 1, 1900, the
statistics which the law says shall be
In many cases a failure to do this
will prevent the enumerators from se
curing any returns, because new man
agers, or new secretaries, or new boards
of control may be in charge on June 1,
1900, who will know nothing of the
factory statistics of 1899 and the fig
ures for 1899 are the ones which the
law says shall be taken. '
Farmers who keep no records of their
transactions will find themselves in the
same dilemma, on the arrival of the
census enumerator, as a factory which
destroys its records. Therefore, Chief
Statistician Powers is appealing to all
of them to prepare in writing,
while the necessary facts are fresh
in mind; such a statement of milk,
cream, butter and cheese products as
will enable them to reply promptly and
accurately to the inquiries which the
law says the enumerators must make.
If they shall fail te do this, the sta
tistics of dairy products in their-coun-
ty will be incomplete, and will com
pare unfavorably with those of counties
wherein the returns are more accurate.
THE POPE WORKS HARD.
Supreme Pontiff Passes
Day at the Vatican.
Rome, October. 23, 1899. (Special Cable.)
Pope Leo is an early riser, and by
that I mean a" man who is out of bed
and at work at five o'clock in the morn
ing. He takes a light breakfast a
little very weak coffee with plenty of
milk, and a piece of bread.. He works.
reading or writing and receiving some
visits, until lunch time. In the after
noon he takes his walk, and when in
ordinary health spends some time
in the gardens of the Vatican; then
he returns to his apartment, where he
says his rosary. He may then receive
a few visitors, after which he takes a
nap and dines. At ten P. M. he reads
the newspapers and then retires for the
night. The Pope thus really works all
day long, ' and latterly he has taken
nourishment four or five times a day,
but always of a light character a lit
tle meat, soups, bouillon, a glass or
two of Mariani wine and a good deal of
milk, which forms the larger part of
During his recent illness very little
medicine was given him; the physicians
relied principally upon rest, nourish
ment and stimulants every now and
then, but always in small quantities.
The Pope's nervous energy, as al
ready noted in a previous letter, is
something remarkable in one of his ad
vanced years, and when he comes out
of his apartment he almost runs walk
ing so fast that his attendants can
hardly keep up with him. -
When he is to be carried in state
into the Sistine Chapel, to attend or
preside at any ceremony, the clanking
of the sabres of the noble guard on
the marble floors can be heard a long
distance off, and several minutes be
fore the procession reaches the chapel.
The Pope, it seems, although sleeping
well and enjoying his afternoon nap,
which he takes every day, does not
sleep so much at night, during which
he may get up several times, and even
go to work.'
A house to house secretary is the lat
est employment which an enterprising
woman has devised for her sex. . She
declares she has found scores of women
unable to write their social notes and
letters creditably, wiile others are sim
ilarly unable to attend properly to their
business letters, and by employing a
secretary for these purposes they not
only escape blunders, but add some
thing to their prestige by the fact that
they only sign their letters, and are,
therefore, known to have a secretary.
Some of the largest jeweltry houses
in New York have immense mirrors
behind the counters, so that when they
turn their backs upon a customer they
can see if he transfers any gems to his
It is estimated that 600,000,000 of
the human race wear garments of some
kind; 800,000,000 habitually go naked,
and 700,000,000 cover only parts of
their body; 500,000,000 live in houses,
700,000,000 in huts and caves, and
160,000,000 have only trees and bushes
'THE BOERS FALLING BACK
Joubert's Forces Retreating
BRITISH POSITION TOO STRONG
Hildyard's Victory Evidently Turned
the Tide Dutch Destroy a Bridge
Communication With Estcourt.
London. Nov. 29. The colonial office
has received the following dispatch
from " the governor of Natal, dated
Pietermarltzburg, Sunday, November
"The Boers are retiring on Wee nan.
Our troops are occupying a ridge three
miles northward of the Mooi river. It
appears that the Boers have found our
position too strong, and are retiring
toward Ladysmith with the loot they
have collected. The river is in flood.
Buller has arrived. Telegraphic com
munication with Estcourt was restored
early this morning. "
Frere Bridge Destroyed.
Estcourt, Nov. 29. The railroad
bridge at Frere, spanning a wide stream,
has been destroyed by the Boers, who
are reported to be retiring rapidly. A
general advance upon Colenso has been
ordered, and a flying column has left
here to intercept the Boer raiding par
Boers Driven Back.
London, Nov. 29. The war depart
ment has received the following dis
patch from General Buller, dated
"Hildyard, going from Estcourt,
made a successful attack November 25
with three battalions, one field battery,
a naval gun and 70 mounted troops on
the enemy, occupying Beacon hill,
which dominated Willow Grange,' and
had interrupted his communication.
As a result of operations the enemy is
retiring, and the railway and telegraph
lines have been restored between Est
court and Weston. . Our loss was about
14 killed and 50 wounded. Hiloyard
has advanced to a position near Frere.
as he hopes to cut off the enemy, who
is believed to be retiring on Colenso,
"Barton, from Weston, has advanced
to Estcourt. As soon as communica
tion is restored, I will telegraph par
ticulars. . So far as I can make out the
operation is one for which Hildyard
and the troops deserve much 'credit.
The railway is now open to Frere."
For the moment the Boer Invasion
southward in Natal seems' not only to
have spent its force, but to have devel
oped into a retrograde movement,
Though with forces so mobile as those
of the Boers, it is difficult to surmise
where they will appear next. Appar
ently General Clery's advance to the
relief of Ladysmith ' has really com
. So far as : ascertainable Hildyard's
force, which is already t Frere, must
number 1,000 men, and should be able
to reoccupy Colenso, - where it may
have to await reinforcements of artil
lery and cavalry before joining hands
with General White. General Barton
now occupies Estcourt, and the Mooi
river will be occupied by reinforce
ments from Petermantzburg. The
whole situation has been distinctly
cleared since the arrival of Buller in
Natal, though doubtless the British
will have many difficulties to overcome
before White is relieved.
The big battle is likely to occur at
the passage of . the Tugela river, and
it may be expected that the Boers will
make a stand there. In any case,
wherever they . elect to try to stem the
British advance, there will be desper
ate fighting and of a sanguinary char
Th outlook in Cape Colony is dark
for the British. That General Gatacre
has no easy task is proved by the latest
dispatches from Queenstown and else
where, showing that the majority of
the population on the frontier have
openly declared themselves on the side
of the Boers. -Bands of Boers are do
ing immense damage over a wide area
and they have now appeared south of
Stormberg. Gatacre, however, moves
to the front today, so it is hoped by
the British that the invasion will soon
be stemmed. ' '-
Dr. Jamieson, leader of the famous
raid, has arrived in London from South
General Hildyard's Losses.
Durban, Nov. 29. The latest reports
of General , Hildyard's losses at the
Beacon hill engagement show that 15
men were killed and 72 wounded. The
West Yorkshire regiment suffered
heavily. Major Hobbs was captured
and several men are missing. Dis
patches from Kroger and Joubert,
found on a Boer prisoner, said the Boer
losses at. Belmont were 10 men killed
and 40 wounded.
Castro Takes to the Warpath.
Caracas, Venezuela, Nov. 29. Gen
eral Castro left here this morning foi
Valencia, where he has assembled about
4,500 men, to attack General Hernan
dez. He will return immediately,
leaving General Petrie in command.
General Hernandez has dynamited a
bridge on the German railroad so as to
retard Castio's advance.
- London, Nov. 29. Sir Thomas Lip
ton, in view of the fact that his steam
yacht Erin cannot be utilized by the
government as a hospital ship, sent
10,000 to the Princess of Wales to be
used at her discretion for the benefit of
soldiers and sailors. The executive
committee of the American ladies' hospital-ship
fond has received an anony
mous gift of 6,000 from the United
States, together with a promise of as
much more if it should be needed.
Flour for the Orient.
Pendleton, Nov. 29. One hundred
thousand sacks of flour, 25,000 barrels,
are being sent from t this place to the
Orient. W.. S. Byers, proprietor of
the Pendleton roller mills,' is making
the shipment. - The consignment fills
125 cars, 200 barrels or 800 sacks go
ing in each car. - The flour goes from
Portland, and will be carried on sev
eral trans-Pacific liners plying between
that city and the Orient. . It is con
signed to Mr Byers' agents in Hong
Kong, who constantly are Calling for
foodstuffs from this section.,
STAPLES REMAIN FIRM.
Much Underlying Strength In the Bust
Bradstreet's says: A striking illus
tration of the underlying strength of
the general business situation is fur
nished this week by the course of
prices. Almpst without exception val
ues of staples remain firm at previous
quotations or manifest a still further
pronounced tendency toward a higher
level. This, too, has occurred in the
face of a rather smaller distribution in
the ordinary trade channels than has
been noted in recent weeks. So far as
autumn and winter trade is concerned,'
the complaint of unseasonably mild
weather, restricting retail distribution,
is reported from many cities. -
But rising superior to this and to the
unquestionably smaller distribution at
first hands, is the accentuated strength
of textiles, particularly cotton goods,
which reflect some additional strength
of the raw product, due to smaller re
ceipts and better foreign advices, but
in a large measure also portray the in
fluence of active demand coming on a
market exceptionally bare of stocks. A
further advance in print cloths, a fea
ture of this week, has brought the quo
tation for standard grades up to 3
cents, a point not touched for four
Raw wool is higher at all markets on
active demand, shared in by the manu
Wheat, including flour, shipments
for the week aggregate 8,688,677 bush
els, against 4,540,007 bushels last
week, and 5,824,726 bushels in 1898.
Siqpe July 1 this season, the exports
of wheat aggregate 85,468,546 bushels,
against 89,124,083 bushels last year
and 101,43,679 bushels in 1897.
Business failures in the Dominion of
Canada for the week number 88, aa
compared with 19 last week, 27 in this
week a year ago, 84 in 1896 and 52 in
1895. . . .--'
PACIFIC COAST TRADE.
Onions, new, $1.00 1.25 per sack.
Potatoes, new, $19 20. -
Beets, per sack, 75c.
Turnips, per sack, 60c.
Carrots, per sack, 75c.
Parsnips, per sack, 90c. "
Cauliflower, 75o per dozen.
Cabbage, native and California, 75
g 90o per 100 pounds.
Peaches, 65 80c.
Apples, $1.25 1.50 per box.
Pears, $1.001.25 per box.
Prunes,- 60o per box.
.Nutmegs, 50 75c.
Butter Creamery, 80o per pound;,
dairy, 17 22c; ranch, 20o per pound.
Eggs Firm, 8385o.
Cheese Native, 13 14c.
Poultry 9 10c; dressed, 11 12o.
Hay Puget Sound timothy, $12.00;
choice Eastern . Washington timothy,
Corn Whole, $23.00; cracked, $23;
feed meal, $23.
Barley Rolled or ground, per ton,
$21; whole, $22. .
Flour Patent, per barrel, $3.65;
blended straights, $3.10; California,
$3.25; buckwheat flour, $3.50; gra
ham, per barrel, $2.90; whole wheat
flour, $3.00; rye flour, $3.75.
Millstuffs Bran, per ton, $16.00;
shorts, per ton, $17.00.
Feed Chopped feed, $20.50 per ton;
middlings, per ton, $22; oil cake meal,
per ton, $35.00.
Wheat Walla Walla. 6052o;
Valley, 51c; Bluestem, 52o per bushel.
Flour Best grades, $3.00; graham,
$2.50; superfine, $2.15 per barrel.
Oats Choice white, 34 86c; choice
gray, 83 85o per bushel.
Barley Feed barley, $16 16.50;
brewing, $18.00 19.00 per ton.
Millstuffs Bran, $17 per ton; mid
dlings, $22; shorts, $18; chop, $16 per
Hay Timothy, $9 11; clover,' $7
8; Oregon wild hay, $6 7 per ton.
Butter Fancy creamery, 60 55c;
seconds, 4245o; dairy, 3740c;
Eggs 27 Ho per dozen.
Cheese Oregon full cream, 13c;
Young America, 14c; new cheese 10c
Poultry Chickens, mixed, $3.00
8.60 per dozen; hens, $4.50; springs,
$2. 00 8. 50; geese, $7.00 8.50 for old;
$4.506.50 for young; ducks, $4.50
per dozen; turkeys, live, 1415o
Potatoes 50 60c per sack; sweets,
2 2 o per pound.
Vegetables Beets, $1; turnips, 90c;
per sack; garlic, 7c per pound; cauli
flower, 75o per dozen; parsnips, $1;
beans, 56o per pound; celery, 70
75o per dozen; cucumbers, 50o per
box; peas, 34o per pound; tomatoes,
75o per box; green corn, 12
15c per dozen.
Hops 710o; 1898 crop, 66o.
Wool Valley, 1213o per pound;
Eastern Oregon, 814c; mohair, 27
30o per pound.
Mutton Gross, best sheep, wethers
and ewes, 8Mc; dressed mutton, 6)4
7o per pound; lambs, 7 o per pound.
Hogs Gross,' choice heavy, $5.00;
light and feeders, $4.50; dressed,
$5. 50 6.00 per 100 pounds.
Beef Gross, top steers, $3.604.00;
cows, $3 3. 50; . dressed beef, 6)
7Jio per pound.
Veal Large, 6K7Kc; email, 8
8o per pound.
San Francisco Market.
Wool Spring Nevada, 12 15c per
pound; Eastern Oregon, 12 16c; Val
ley, 18 20c; Northern, 10 12c.
Hops 1899 crop, ll12o per
Onions Yellow, 7585o per sack.
ButtCT Fancy creamery 24 25c;
do seconds, 8224c; fancy dairy, 21
22o; do seconds, 1920o per pound.
Eggs Store, 42 48c; fancy ranch,
Millstuffs Middlings, $17.50
20.50; bran, $16.60 16.60.
Hay Wheat $7. 60 10; wheat and
oat $7.509.50; best barley $5.00
7.50; alfalfa, $5.00 7.00 . per ton;
straw, 85 45o per bale.
Potatoes Early Rose, 40 50o; Ore
gon Burbanks, 60c 1.10; river Bur
banks, 4566o; Salinas Burbanks,
$1.00 1.25 per sack.
Citrus Fruit Oranges, Valencia,
$2.753.25; Mexican limes, $4.00
6.00; California lemons 75c$1.50;
do choice $1.76 2.00 per box.
Tropical Fruits Bananas, $1.50
9.60 per bunch; pineapples, nom
inal; Persian dates, 66o per