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About Liberal Republican. (Dallas, Or.) 1872-1??? | View This Issue
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DALLAS, OREGON. SATURDAY, DEO. C 1872.
VOL. 3, NO. 38.
WHOLE NO. 143.
S5 he 3trr.aI-..3ltHta
?s Issued Every S atari ay Horning, at
Dallas, Folk County, Oregon.
C. SULLIVAN.PRQPRf ETOR,
SINGLE fJOP-TES One Year,' 2 'Six
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For Clubs often or moye$l 75 per annum.
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iOnasqnare(lOHnS orleM),rrtiaert'n,$3 40
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A liberal deduction will bo made to quar
terly and yearl J-adrertieeM.
Professional cards will, be inserted at $12 00
TranV-sttt advertisements must 4e paid for
in advance to insure publication. All other
ad rertising bills meat be paid quarterly.
-Legal tenders takea at their current aUe.
Blanks and Job Work of every description
tmshed at low rates on short notice.
THE ILLUSTRATED PHRENOLOGICAL
JOURNAL, Us in every respect a First-
Class Magazine. Its articles we of .the highest
interest to all. It teaches what we are aai now
to make the most of ourselves. The informa
tion it contains on the Laws of Life and Health
j( yell worth the price of the Magazine to every !
Family. It Is published at $3 60 a year, liy
A special arrangement we are enabled to ofTee
the PntREMOLoaAL JoitbiUL as a Premium tor
new subscribers to the Oregon Rem'slu?.,
or will furnish the Phrenological Jocrxal
pd Oregon Replblicajt together for $4 0O
We commend the Jocrxal to all who want a
A llOHHIULCSTOHV, "
There 13 one dark chapter in the
toistory of Laura D. Fair which has
never been made public, although for
Iseveral months the details have been
f.a the possession of a number of
prominent officials and members of the
par. The Chronicle proposes to give
tka story for what it is worth noth
fnpj exteuuuting, nor setting down
aught in malice- -and leaving each
reader lo draw his own conclusions
ps to the truth or 'falsity of th a lan
terrible accusation agaiust the woman
ps the Hed lUx4.
After her first trial and conviction,
ud while t)$ woman was an inmate
of the county jail awaiting her second
rial, was the period to which thia
parative relates The rude prison
fare never offended the palate of this
jjajnty dame, for her purse was well
filled, and the ctioice&t viands which
money could purchase, prepared by
the mitre de cuisine of a first-class
fotisteric kept by II. JJocen, corner
pf Washington street and Dunbar alley,
Were regularly brought to her hand
somely furnished cell by a polite waiter.
IJut with all bis urbanity and attention,
(he polite waiter did not succeed in
pleasiug the irascible Laura. She
jvas fretful and pppyleh, and pqntin
pally found fault with everything he
brought her to eat and everything he
said or did ; go finally the polite waiter
told his employer that he Would no
longer submit to stich' annoyance," and
another young man was detailed for
jail duty. The name of this young
Irian was V. ' J. -Biro), a Time or
Swede by birth, aqd commonly kuown
in the restaurant as" Franl." J'-ram
the moment of his installation as pur
veyor of proyender . for Mrs. Fair all
complaints ceased. She announced
to the restaurateur that she had never
been supplied with -such niee food, al:
trad raeyer befc treated with such
deference apd politeness. For two
months or more FranV wailed
upon her, but at last there was a
sadden and violent termination of the
jpkaant relations between the high
Strung prisoner and hc-r Danigh attend -41.
V nippers here are, that when
ine young man was leaving her bell
Jjor. tfce last time, there were Iwid and
angry words that he scornfully threw
go'den eagles at her feet ?nd
that a rather threatening demonstration
iras made by him. - At all events he
irever wet a tke jail again. 2ot
long after this, a well known and
highly respectable physician, whoe
office is on Kearny Btroct, n$ar Sutter,
was greatly shocked by a terrible
iseLo8ure made to, hiru bj a putiout,
who was none bfhe rhan W. J. IJird
or Frank," the Waiter atc.e referred
4d. The physjcjuD'ji name we o,u.U at
1is particular request. Frank had
peen under his treatment fr several
greeks, having become debilitated liy
an attack; of fever. One day,,, iu the
P'octor'a ofpoe, 4 lc cw confidential,
find said there was something on 1m
mind which was troubling him very
much and he proposed to make a clean
ifreast Of the whole matter.
He briefly told the .Doctor of his
acquaintance with the notorious wo
man, who was still in jail awaiting her
second trial, and said that from the
moment he first went to wait upon her
she -had not ouly expressed .great
satisfaction with his services, but evi
dently did all sue could to make a
deep impression upon him. She began
by a iiule subtle flattery, occasionally
remarking that a man of his personal
grace and intellectual .gifts should
never nave been placed in sucn a
menial station. He did not deny that
the flattery had its iu tended effect, and
admitetd that he soon begaa to fee! a
deep interact, in the woman who, at
such a critical moment in her career,
.coold manifest such a kindly feeling
for him. By degrees her interest
seemed to rinen into a waraier feeling.
and she spoke of the possibilities of the
future, in case she should obtain uer
freedom. She told him that all be
needed was education : that she had
money enough for both, and that if
she could ouly escape the clutches of
the law they could pair off together to
some far distant land, get married and
live happily together. The tender
hearted Dane admitted that he was
eharmed with the alUrinjr prospect
thus held out. But the dark shadow
of the gallows always intervened and
dispelled the pleasant dream. If he
did not refer to it she was sure to do
She often remarked to him that
with Judge Dwindle on the bench she
had little hope of an acquittal, and
finally asked him if he would do a
dangerous deed in her behalf. He
said he would do whatever sbo asked
that lay in his power. Then she told
him that .Judge Dwindle must be got
out of the way that he must he killed.
She told him, with singular precision,
t t v t at..
wuat Judge uwintiies naoju were;
where he lived ; how laU ho remained
down town at night, aud the route he
took in going home. She asked him
if he had coinage and devotion enough
to waylay and pipage a knife into the
heart of this man who fetoni between
them and happiness. Frank poudered
this proKiition carefully and concluded
that it was too hazardous.
She then suggested nncther plan
that pcison should be employed to
accomplish the terrible deed. Frank
said he was surprised at the complete
ness of her knowledge of her intended
victim's habits. She named a certain
saloon which the Judge was in the
habit of visiting at a certain hour every
day, and proposed that Frank should
endeavor to obtain a situation there as
barkeeper. In cose be succeeded in
netting the place, the execution of the
deadly plot would be comparatively
easy, and there would he no danger of
detection. He would be furnished
with a subtle aud certain poison wliich
he might easily administer. Accord
ing to the man's story he agreed to
thU proposition, and sho qive him 00,
telling hint to use it in any way likely
to aid him in getting the situation.
He says he tried to et tho place, but
tailed, and reported his unsuccessful
She found no fault with h,im, but
merely remarked that perhaps it was
just well, since another idea had
occurred to her, namly, that Frank
should call at the residence of Judge
Dwindle. The door bell would be
answered by a servant, and the caller
would be shown into a sitting-room
where there was a sideboard, "while
the servant was gone to announce his
.visit he would fraye ample titue to uop
the poison into the decanters. Or he
might go to the house early iu the
morning and pu,t poison, in the milk
ea at the door.
The man said that this revolting
proposition was too much for hit, and
Ue be-jaft to see the lurking devil in
the steel-blue eyes of the temptress.
He paid that, in fact, he never intended
to carry out the murderous oVsiga at
alL But his strange infatuationwith
te 50iBAn prevented him telling her
so. J5ut he would not even Tir&teiui I
to accede to this hut proposition. !
whereby the lives of an entire house-
hold were to have been, sacrificed.-,
n . 1
Jfczun Qt9QO. Chronicle.
Deterioration ik rooi, It is
Midi by the faotetry men of our State,
that Oregon wool is constantly deterio
rating. This, no doubt, k" true to a
certain -extent, bnt hardly io mu,cU as
8ouvo would haveusbdiovo. Xli intqreat
of some would spoil our market abroad
sp that there,. gouJd be no coiupotftioi
ia prices, and thus enable the tnanu
facturcr here to mak still larger
Some years ago tho wool was too
.coarse; then f armors bred for fineness j
then it was too fine ; andYiow tho cry
is there is not fine wool enough.
This last year has proven to tho
sheep-raisers of the Willamette Valley,
that their wool is superior to any .other
raised any where, commanding a pre
mium of at least five cents per pound
more than any other. We have beard
buyers say that they were instructed
to pay that figure more lor Western
wool than Eastern, and tit U well
known that our wools sell higher than
California wools -r Farmer.
ON INSTINCT, t
I Paper raadtxaVj the
b D A. Spalding.
With regard to instinct, we have jet
to ascertain the facts. Do the animals
exhibit untaught skill and innate
knowledge ? May not the supposed ex
amples of instinct Ve after all bat ike
results of rapid learning and imita
tion ? The controversy on this sabjeet
has been chiefly concerning the per
ceptions ot .distance and direction by
the eye and the ear. Against the in
stinctive character of these perteptiom
it is argned that, as distance means
movement, locomotion, the very essence
of the idea is such at cannot be tat en
in by the eye or the ear ; that what the
varying sensatiuos of sight and hearing
correspond to, must be got at by mov
ing over the ground by experience.
The results, however ot experiments on
chickens were wJLokiy in favor of the
instinctive nature of these perceptions.
Chickens, kept in a stale of blindness
bv various eviees frost to three
days, when placed in the light under a
set of carefully prepared conditions,
gave conclusive evidence againit the
theory that the perceptions of distance
aud direction by the eye are the result of
association formed in the experience of
each individual life. Often, at the end
of two minutes, they followed with
their eyes the movements of crawling
insects, turning their heads with all the
precision of an old fowl. In from two
to tifteeQ qmutfs they pecked at some
object, showing not merely an instinct
ive perception of distaucc.but an original
ability to measure distance with some
thing like infallible accuracy. If be
yond the reach o! their necks, they
walked or ran up to the object of their
persuit. and may be said to have inva
ribly struck it, never missing by more
fhan a hair's breadth j this to, when
the specks at which titty struek were
no bigger than the smallest visible dot
of an i. To siexe between the points
of (he mandible at the very instant ol
striking sectucd a mora difijcult opera
tion. Though at times they seized
and swallowed an insect at the first
attempt, more frequently they struck
five or six times, lifting once or twice
before they succeeded in swallowing
their first food To take by wa of
illustrations, the observations on a single
casoft little in detail; A chicken, at the
end of six minutes after having its eyes
unveiled, followed with its head the
movements of a fly twelve inches distant
at ten minutes the fly, coming within
reach of its neck, was seizad and swal
lowed at the first stroke; at the end of
twenty minutes it had not attempted to
walk a step. It was then placed on rough
ground within sight and call of a hen,
with chickens of its own age. After
standing chirping for about a minute,
it went straight toward the hen,
displaying as keen a perception of the
qualities or the outer world as it was
ever likely to possess in after life It
never required to knock its head
against a stone to discover that there
wasi" ro road that way". It leaped
over the smaller ohstaUca that lay ia
its path, and ran around tho larger,
reaching the mother in as nearly a
straight line a tUe mature of the
ground would permit Thus it would
seem that, prior to experience, the
eye at least the eye of the chicken
perceives the primary qualities of the
external world, all arguments of .thef
purely analytical school of psychofogy
to the contrary, notwithstanding. :
Not leRS decisive were exwfiments
cn h,irinr CWmVn Koa hA
kent in the dark tor a Liv cr two. on
beW placed in the licht nine or ten
. - . . . -
feet from a box in. which a brooding
hen was concealed, after ptnndmi
chipping or a uaoment or two, uniform
ly set ufT straight io. the box, la au
swer to the call of fhe ben which they
had never seen aojdnpcrbefor,c.W3aj;a.
This thy did struggling Wough grass
and over rough ground, when .not able
to,stand sten$ly qij. tUeU leg. . Agafo,
chickens, that from tho first had been
denied the use of tjieir'eycs by having
hoods drawp ovee their heads ; wImJo
yet in the shell, were, while thus blind,
tnne the subject of 'experiment
These, when left to. tbetgsqles, seldom
made a forward step, their movements,
being round i and round and backward;
but wheu placed within fivo or six feet
of the hen mother,. they, in answor to
her call, became much more lively, be
gan to make little forward journies, aud
soon followed her by sound alone,
though of course blindly. Another ex
periment consited in rendering chick
eos deaf for a time by sealing their
ears witti sevcraj folds of gun paper
before thoy escaped from the shell.
These, on having their ears opened
when two or three days old and being
placed within call of the mother
ceoeealei in box on the other side of:
a door, after turning round a few times
ran straight to the spot whence came
the first sound they had heard. Clear-J
iy, 01 taese cnicxens it cannot be said
that sounds were to them at first but
meauio glees jensations.
A very useful instinct may be ob
served in the early attention that
chickens pay to their toilet. . As soon
as they can .hold Dp their head- wbca
only from four to five hoars eld, t key -I
attempt creasing ineir wings, ana mat,
too, when they have been denied the
me of their eyes. Another incontesta
ble case of instinct may be seen in the
art of scraping in search of food.
without any opportunities of imitation,
chickens begin to scrape from two to
six days old. most frequently the cir
cumstances are saggestive ; at other
times, however, the first attempt, which
generaly consists of a sort of nervous
dance, was made oa a smooth table.
The unacquired dexterity shown in the
capture of insects is very remarkable.
A duckling one day old, 00 being
placed iu the open air for the first
time, almost immediately snapped at
and caught a fly on the wing. Still
more interesting is the instructive art
of catehiog flies pecular to the turkey.
I observed a young turkey .not a day aud
a half old which I had adopted while
yet iu the shell, pointing its beak slow,
ly and deliberately at flies and other
small insects without aetgaly peeking
thetn. In doing this, its head coold be
seen to shake like a hand that is at
tempted to be held steady by a risible
effort This I recorded when I did
not understand its meaning. Fur it
was not until afterwards that I observ
ed ttjat a turkey, when it sees a fly set
tled 00 a'oy object, steals 00 the unwary
iesoet with stow and measured step,
aud, when sufficiently near, advsnces
its head very slowly and steadily unjil
within reach of its prey, yhich is then
seized by a sudden dart. In still fur
ther confirmation of the opinion, that
such wonderful examples of dexterity
and cunning are instinctive and not
acquired, may be adduced the signifi
cant fact that the individual of each
species have little capacity to learn any
thing not found in the habits of their
progenitors. A chicken was made,
from the first and for several months,
the sole companion of a young turkey.
Vet it never showed the slightest ten
dency to adopt the admirable art of
catching flies that it saw practiced be
fore its eyes every hour of the day.
; The only theory, in explanation of
the phenomena of instinct, that has an
aip of Koioacc about it is the doctrine of
Inherited Association. Instinct in the
present generation of animals is (he
apcuraulatcd experience of past gener
ations. Great dificnlty, however, is
felt by many in conceiving how any
thing so impalpable as fear at the
siht of a bee should be transmitted
from parents to oftsring. It should be
remembered, however, that the perman
ence ot such associations in the history
of an individual life depends on the
corresponding impress given to the or
ganization. We cannot, strickly speak
ing, experience any ''individa) aet of
consciousness twice over ; bot as, by
pulling the bell cord to-day we cau,
ia the language of ordinary discourse,
produce the samo sound we beards yes
derday, so, while the established con
nections among the nerves and nerve
tenters hold, we are enabled to live
wr experiences s over;,, again. ,, Now,
why . should not th,aso modifications of
brain tuatter, that, enduring from hour
to hour and from y to daj, render
acquisition possible, be. like any other
physical peculiarity, transmitted froa
parent to offspring I That they ara so
transmitted is all but proved by th
facts ot instinct, while these, in their
turn, reeieve their only rational expla
nation in this theory of inherited Asso
ciation:. uspAodcd animation int always a
good thing to Indulge in. - A man out
in Ohio had a little of it, and overheard
bis Wife engage beraelf to another chap,
thinking he w,as dfaoV -Via--au-awful
thing .to bo so mad as be was. Without
the power .to uiovo.
Ipro iaajipthcc warning aganist tem
perance societies. A man in Chicago
killed .himself by blowing his brains
out with a gun loaded with water,
PROFESSIONAL CARDS, dtC
AtVy & Consellerat-air.
WiUgpraetlca la the Courts of Record aod In
ez Ur Court. Collections attended to promptly.
OFFICE la tke Court House.
P. C. SULLIVAN,
Attorney & Counsellor-At-Law,
I flU, Orcgoa,
Will practice in all the Courts of the State. 1
s. a rises.
DR9. FI8KG IIALI
OFFICE No 1 MOORES BLOCK,
J. C. GRUBB3, 1. Dm
rilYMICIAJf AND tiUBGCO.V,
Offers his Serrieee to the Citisena Dallas
OFFICE-t NICHOLS' Drug Store.
Phjsictaa ad 6aro Dallas Oref ea
OFFICE at Itesldcnee
DR. HUDSON A. 91.
PHYSICIAN b 8URGE0II.
OFFICE. Or tt Soathera Store,
Cr. Gosasaereial A State Sts., Salesa, Ogn,
U-ith Dr. Richardson.
7. II ROD El l,
lias located in Dalian, and is ready to
attend to all those requiring his airUtance.
Artificial Teeth of the rery finest and best
Saturactioa f uaraoteed, or ae eharge made.
Now U the time to call on the Doctor.
Ofic,offKiMt Kincaid's Photographic Gal
1A CREOLE ACADE.TIY
Will commence the second term Monday
Not. 11, 1S72, with a full corps of teachers as
F- n. CRUDES, PaiJctFAt, Mas. L. A.
ORUBDS, PBBcerTREss, Miss. M. E. SMITH
TRirjiKR or Mcstc.
Rates of tuition as follows.
AcAMcvic DsrT...w $s ps
K.tousH Rrakciirs $5 00
I'RiMAur Dp'r.. $4
FaaxcaPaa Taait......M..MM....MM.t SO
Dnawixo 2 $0
Mcaic . ...... $12 01
M M & IT
OF WORK AT TIIE LOWEST
LIVING PRICES, CAN BE. HAD
BV CALLING ON.
ni.TJE B ACEIE liDER
r STEAM JOB PRINTERS, .
03 tyrant Street, Portland, Oregon
A LARGE ASSORTMENT of BLANK!
Circuit, County, and Justices' Courts, con
stantly on hand. Also, Boed, Deeds, Mortgages
aadt Blank a Cor ua Ia Bankruptcy cases.
By using Letterheads, billhesitv earl cireu
la.s, printed eavelopes,eito. iiiv a Jaeall for
fiiiiio yoar orders. 4:2l
j. u. riTrERse
JONE3 4 P ATT lilt SON,
Heat Estate, lasiurauco
: ANJ) : -
Prompt . 'attention
given o tho Genera
I 4, W. HOB ART
For ererytkiag ia tho GROCERY LTSTB
p "::Vi c. BROvrrs,
. MAIN BTHEHT, OfttlLAS.
He has on hand a full supply, which be
offers eheaper thaa any other Store ia Dallas.
- j-tf-:. ' J
DALLAS UVEOTi FEED CM
Cer. MaU and Court Street,
Thoi. O. Elchmond, Proprietor.
HAVING PURCHASED THE ABOVfl
SUsni of Mr. A. n. Whitley, we have re
fitted and re-stocked it in such a manner aa ' "
will aaikacterilr sofeet ererv m.ni .f .o
Duggleu, single or denble, Hacks, Cob
cord Wma, etc., ete,.
Famished at all ho, dtj alght, ,
short nei&ee. J
Saperior Saddle Ilorsea, let bj tha
WANTED, AIX TIIE PORK IV
Polk Count V tar hl 1 m ' ' .V
price will U paid
HAVING PURCHASED A LARGE ANB
complete Stock of NEW GOODS, ant
ecif fresh sappli orery week I cm tmp.
ply everybody with r
Glass, 'q 11 eens ware
And an articles ronnd'in a GENERAL VARI
ETY bTORE, I would respectfully call tae
atteattoa of tho Pahlie te my EetablhhsaeoV
llighest Cash price paid far I
aVUKS AND PELTRY.
R. A. RAT,
Eola, Polk Co., Og
BASK EXC U A X GE
THE FINEST Q.UAI.ITY OF
Wines, Liquors, Ales Porter, Cigars etcw
etc, dispensed at this Temple of Bacchus. All
the Bute papers kept on file in the reading
room- Call and see hi-n, Wm Clinghm Pro.
& o m N !
AH Stylea of Plctu.,. ot the best finish,
J. H. KIIVCAID,
HkJmrKlAi LATE IMPROVEMENTS
for taking pictures, I invite the patron-'
'eKt 5,e,,pub,,S; P,WM t the photo
gwnlile Gallery Main atrret. oppoeUe ir. R.
bell $ office, Dallas, r Uf
LOOK ! LOOK!!
BO!, , T E R WOBTLBY dt CO.
ELLEHDALE STORE, .
Hare Jest reoelred an Immense steik e !
Boot aud Sheea
Uats aad Caps,
Clothing, Crockery aud aiasswarv
Hani ware, Groceries, ProTUIona.JLc
DRBS9 GOOIS, 8AAI&PU2, PAWC IV
4s IRY GOODS or all kinds.
AVhlea they will eeU cheap, Com auA
try their j)flcea.
The h.lgJhcatpTi"co paid for air kinds tovmJbcy
MILLIONS of EQQ3 mxhIXOSS f BOTXE.
Rotter & W
1 1 w