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About Oregon Republican. (Dallas, Or.) 1870-1872 | View Entire Issue (May 25, 1872)
JL Al 0
VOL. 3,' m. 12.
DALLAS, OREGON. SATURDAY. MAY 25. 1872.
WHOLE EO. 116.
Mht Qxt 3Jcguljli ran
Is If sued Every Saturday Morning, at
Dallas, Folk County, Oregon.
BY It. II. TYSON.
OFPlCEjrllill street, opposite the Court
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Blanks and Job Work of every description
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end Datuorest's Monthly for one year, both
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W. JENNINOS DEMOREST,
S'.iS, irowLioiy, A'w Fori.
THE ILLUSTRATED PHRENOLOGICAL
JOURNAL, is in erery. respect a Firt
CIs Magazine. Its articles are ot the bicheat
n teres t to all. It tenches what we are and how
to make the mot of ourselves. The inf'rina
rtion it contain" on the Laws of Life and Health
3s well worth fb4 price of the Magazine to every
Family. It is published at $3 00 a year. By
m special rranKJtnent we are enabled to ofFer
ithe Phrenological Jopcsat. as a Premium tr
d new lubscribers to the Okkgox Rep rni.iCA,
or will furnish the Pnar.vouxJiCAi. Joirsal
cand Orkcos Rkpiblicaji together fur ?t t0.
"We commend the Jot RSAL to all who want a
Grant as a SlaU'sznau.
We last week expressed r ur unwill
ingness to allow thi military reourd of
Grant to b forgotten, in weighing his
claims to the Presidency, and promised
to prove that he had succeeded in find
ing the wisest and safest system of pro
gressive statesmanship Prestdeut John
son, and a number ot his predecessors,
Abased the suecess of their administra
tions upon a purely Ityhhitive basis.
"They held then that the Executive du
ties were too insignificant to achieve
'renown ; and therefore staked their
success upon u legislative policy. Presi
dent Grant in his inaugural address de
.fined the proper Constitutional sphere
of the Executive power; and iie did it
tso concisely and completely that noth
ing can be added or omitted to advan
tage. The primary duty of tho Presi
dent is the faithful execution of the
laws. Thus the Executive power is
wthio its sphere co-ordinate with Con
gress, and can never be made too strong,
because it represents the arm of the
Government the will of the nation
legally expressed. The lower tore
commend is secondary and incidental.
The Executive enjoys this right in
common with all other citizens. lie
! participates in the legislation of the
country only through the veto' power,
which a President should exercise upon
great questions, only in rare instances,
and for ample cause. We propose here
with to give the first two paragraphs of
the inaugural address, which contains
more substance to the same number of
words than any similar .document with
which we arc acquainted :
Crtrzetis oJ the United States :
Your suffrages laaving elevated me to
the office of President of the United
States, I have in conformity with the
Constitution of our country, taken the
jath of office presented therein. I
liave taken this oath without mental
reservation, with the determination to
do to the best of my ability all that it
requires of me. The office baa come
to me unsought. I commence its du
ties untrammeled, I bring to it a con
ecientious desire and determination to
fill it to the best of tay ability to the
satisfaction of the people.
" On all leading questions agitating
the public mind I will always express
my views to Congress, and urge them
according to my judgMent; and when
I think it advisable will exercise the
constitutional privilege of interposing a
peto to defeat measures which I oppose.
ifi.i-X'BiJui'JiLJU'au'WLiiu! turn mm.- .' .'juii.1 ajitLJwuttiJiit'JM .fcia nmti mi taassm
But all laws will bo faithfully executed
whether they meet iny approval or uot.
? v 11 on all subjects have a policy to
recommend but nono to enforce against
tho will of the people. Laws are to
govern all alike, those opposed to as well
as those who favor theui. I know do
method to secure the repeal of bad or
obnoxious 4ws so effective as their
stringent execution. In coming before
you for the first time as Chief Magis
trate of this great nation it is with
gratitude to the Giver of all good for the
many benefits we enjoy ; we are blessed
with peace at home, and are without
entangling alliances abroad to foiebodo
trouble; with a population of forty
millions of free people, all speaking
ODe language ; with facilities for every
mortal to acquire an education ; with
institutions closing to none the avenues
to fame or any blessing of fortuue that
may be eoveted ; with freedom of the
pulpit, the press, and the school ; with
a revenue flowing into the Natioual
Treasury beyond the requirements of
the Government. These blessings and
countless others are entrusted to jour
care aud mine for safe-keeping, for tin?
brief period of our tenure of othee. In
a short time we must, each of us, re
turn to the ranks of the people who
rlave conferred UP0U u our honur:' uuJ
account to them for our stewardship. 1
earnestly desire that neither you nor 1
may be condemned by a iree and en
lightened eoustitueucy, nor by our own
consciences. On my part I promic a
rigid adherence to the laws and their
strict enforcement. In aditrcs'iug m
third annual me.-sage to the law making
branch of the Government, it is grati
fying to be able to state that during th.
past year success has generally attorni
ed the effort U execa e all laws founl
Upon the statute bo ks. The jn!icy ha
been, not to irxjuire into the wUJutn ot
laws already enacted, but to k'arti then
spirit f.nd intent, an J to enforce them
accordingly. L submit the. ugetious
with a coufiJence that yo.ir combined
actiuus will be wise, statesmanlike, tnd
in the beat interests the whole
We place first on the li?t of topics,
the suhjeet of education. The Presi
dent alludes to it on every suitable e
Cisiou, aud it should be ms.erved that
the inca-ure, knowu as Hoar's bi'l, wa-fir.-t
recoiumended by hiui in the seo
tetJCif, ''Edueational interests may well
be served by the grant of the proceeds
of the sale of public lands to settlers "
Tiie subjects oi education and agri
culture are of gr at interest to the suc
cess of our republicv.il institutions, hap
piness, and grandeur as a nation.
"The time-honored and beneficial
policy of setting apart certain sections
of public land for educational purposes
in the new States should be continued.
4 Educational interests limy well be
served by the grant of the proceeds of
the sale of public lands to settlers. I
do not wish it to be understood as re
commending, in the least degree, a cur
tailment of what is being done by the
General Government for the encouarge
ment of education. t
"The enlarged receipts of the Post
Office Department are an index of the
growth of education and of the prosperi
ty of the people, two elements highly
conducive to the vigor and stability of
"Education, the ground work of re
publican institutions is encouraged by
increasing the facilities to gather speedy
news from all parts of the country. The
desire to reap the benefit of such im
provements will stimulate education."
The workiogrnan i3 not forgotten. In
every message there is a kindly word
and the utterance of a striking truth.
Persons before things," is the key
note oi his statesmanship when he
states, " The trnc prosperity and great
ness of a natien is to be found in the
elevation and education of its laborers,"
a sentence worthy of being placed on
our campaign banners.
liy the Jate war the industry of
one-half the country had been taken
from the control of the capitalists and i
placed where all labor rightfully be
longs in the keeping of the laborer.
" The freedmeu, under the protection
they have received, are making rapid
progress in learning, and no complaints
are heard of lack of industry on their I
part where they receive fair remunera
tion for their labor.
"The opinion that the public lands
should be regarded chiefly as a source
of revenue is no longer maintained.
Tho rapid settlement and successful
cultivation of them arc now justly
considered of more importance to our
well-being than is the fund which the
sale of them would produce. The re
markable growth and prosperity of our
new States and Territories attest the
wisdom ot the legislation which invites
the tiller ot the soil to secure
a permanent homo on terms within the
reach of all. The pioneer who incurs
tho dangers and privations ot a frontier
life, and thus aids in laying the foun
dation of new commonwealths, renders
a sigual service to his country, and is
eutitled to its special favor and protec
tion. Tbeso laws secure that object and
largely promo to the general welfare.
They should, therefore, be cherished as
a permanent feature of our land system.
" I renew my recommendation that
the publir lands be regarded as a hcri
tage to our children, to be disposed of
only as required for occupaticn ani to
" The trne prosperity and greatness
of a nation is to be found in the eleva
tion and education of the laborer."
Pe Sensihle. Do rnt be above
your business. Ho who turns up his
nose at his work quarrels with his bread
and butter, lie is a poor smith who is
afraid of his own spark; there's some
discomfort in all trades except chimney
sweeping. If sailors give up going to
sea because of the wet, if bakers left off
baking bread because it is hot, if plow
weu would not plow because of cold,
aud tailors would not make our clothes
for fear of pricking their fingers, what
a pass we would come to. Nonsense,
my fine fellow, there's no sham about
any honest calling ; don't be afraid of
soiling yoar hands, there's pleuty of
soap to be had.
All trades arc good to good traders.
Lucifer matches pay well if you sell
notigh of them. You cannot get
honey if you are frightened at bees,
n-r plant corn if you ate afraid t get
mud on your boots. When bars of iron
udt under the smith wind, when you
can ili-4 the fields with toothpicks, blow
ships along ith a fan, manure the crops
with lavendar water, and grow plum
. ikes in flower pots, there will be a line
time for d mdi'.'s. but until tho mi!kn
i u ui comes we shall all have a deal to
put up with.
A Minnesota genius has invented and
applied for a patent ou a water veloci
pede. It is ro?npood of two air cham
bers, cylindrical in form, eight feet in
'ength and about a fjot in diameter,
placed in a parallel position, forming
the boat proper, or so much of it as rusts
upon the watfr. Serpentine flanges or
screws extend the full length of the cyl
inder, and are the propellers. On a
platform above a one-wheeled velocipede
is placed, from which, by a system of
endless chains ami mitred glaring, ino
ficn is iriveti to the cylinders. It is said
that with one man the boat will draw 8
inches of w;itcr, aud that it can bo pro
pelled at the rate of oue mile in four
Col. John W. I'orney, in a recent is
s'ie of the Philadelphia 'res says :
"Our Democratic friends have had a
delightful vlysium of expectancy during
the last twelve years, and they are now
enjoying another. Losing control of the
government by their sympathy and sup
port of the rebellion, they have been
constantly contriving how to get it buck
again. At last they had fallen upou
the plan of turnitg Republicans, and as
the Union soldiers said during the war,
' The reb is not half so dangerous as
when he puts on our uniform.'"
The Louisville Courier-Journal, the
leading Democratic oran'of the .South,
wants to bo " counted out." It is sick
of Cincinnati. It wants no more " pass
ive policy." It says: " We say to the
unterrified, therefore, rally to us and
support us, stick together and keep your
powder dry, and no matter what comes
of all this, we shall have doue what we
could in the right direction ; wo shall
have preserved our integrity." Which is
poor consolation to Democrats who have
wasted their sweetness on the Cincin
nati Convention in the hope of a new
deal in tho post offices.
A clear-headed New York merchant
has addressed a circular letter to liepub
lican members of Congress, asking them
to come " to a decision of some Kind,"
in regard to th tariff. It is not of so
much importance to business men to
have any particular policy established, as
to have some policy promptly and pf r
manantly established. Uncertainty de
stroys all mercantile calculations and
The New York Sun speaks of Grant's
friends being driven to the last ditch.
The Sun will remember that it was
Grant's enemies, not his lriend3, who
were in the last ditch business, and as
it was then so it is now. The General
is facing the same foemen to-day that
he was in 18G5.
During 1871,8,913 persons were con
victed of offense against the game law
in England and Wales.
Secession and State Klghts.
IMPORTANT DECISION FROM TIIE U. S.
From the 'New York Hera Id of April
4J4th wo copy the following:
I " Upon an appeal from the Supreme
Court if Ctiorgia, in caso of a contract
involving the price of a negro slave, a
very important decision was rendered in
the Supreme Court of the United
States ou Monday last, touching the
rights and powers of the States and of
the United States, under tho National
Constitution, as it was and as it is. Be
fore the Georgia Court the defendant
(against whom tho note for the price of
ttie slave Was held) pleaded that under
the new State Constitution the Court
had no jurisdiction over the subject,
and the judgment of the Court was for
the defendant and upon three proposi
tions which rise to the wisdom of Dog
berry. Thus the Supreme Court of Georgia
affirmed first, that when the State
Constitution of 1808 was adopted Geor
gia was not a State of the Union, but a
conquered Territory, completely at the
mercy of the conqueror, and that ac
cording to the Constitution of the Uni
ted States in reference to the obligation
ofcoutracte, as to all other things, would
not apply to Georgia ; second, that her
now Constitution does not affect this
contract (the note given for the pur
chase of the slave), but only denies
jurisdiction to her Courts to enforce it ;
third, that this Constitution was forced
upon the Stale by Congress and is the
act of Congress, and not of the State,
aind that though a State cnoot pass a
law impairing the validity of contract?,
Cmgre!-s can and has passed such a law
in this State Constitution, and therefore
the contract upon this negro slave is im
paired, and the note for the money due
ou! this purchase goes for uothieg, being
reduced to the same value as the prom
ises to pay of the " Confederate States,"
which is the value of waste paper.
jThe Supreme Court of the United
States reverses this Dogberry decision
from Georgu, and against it affirms
thut the National Constitution created
not a confederacy of States -but a
government of individuals in other
wilrds. a government of the people of
the United States ns a nation; that their
object was an indestructible govern
ment; that the doctrine of secession is
the doctrine of treason; tha the States
in : rebellion were never out of the
Union, and never absolved from the
duties, liabilities and restrictions al
ways incumbent ufon them , that the
present State Constitution of Georgia
was the act of Georgia, and was accept
ed; by Congress, and that the action of
Congress on the subject cannot be in
quired into, the authority of Congress
in such matters being conclusive.
This decision is now part of the Sn
pwnc law of the land, and in sweep
ing away all theso fallacies that the
Union is a confederacy of States, that
each State has reserved to itseif the
sovereign 'right of secession, and that
the rebel States were out of the Union
during the war "of their Confederate re
bellion, it will, we hope, convince even
Alexander H. Stephens that his State
Right dogmas are really dead and done
for dead and buried beyond redemp
tion. In the single pungent declaration
that the doctrine of secession is
the doctrine of treason," the Supremo
Court covers 4he whole ground, and
makes all that has been done in the
work of putting down the rebellion and
in the work ot Southern reconstruction
consistent, cohesive, good and strong.
A Washington dispatch says that the
House Committee on Appropriations
have agreed to report Sargent's bill mak
ing an appropriation of 810,000 for a
life size statue of the late Col. E. I). Ra
ker, who was killed while leading a for-
lorn hope at the Dattie ot Jiairs jtiun.
Should the House agree to the proposi
tion, Horatio Stone will probably be
commissioned to execute it, as it has
been decided by the Committee that it
shall betmodellcd after a miniature
statue by this artist, now in the posses
sion of Col. Stevens. It is to bo hoped
that the appropriation will bo granted
without delay. Tho statue is to be
placed in the Capitol at Washington.
Raker was one of tho most sclfstjcrinc
ing heroes of the war for the preserva
tion of the Union, and deserves to have
his image cut in imperishable marble.
An! obelisk should also bo erected over
his grave in Lone Mountain.
A handsome, well-dressed, young
lady of Chicago, one who bclougs to
a wealthy aud respectable family,
lately married a notorious hotel thief,
who was in jail awaiting trial on a
churgo which will undoubtedly end in
beiDg seat to the penitentiary.
PROFESSIONAL CARDS, &C.
Wi H. RUBELL,
D E N T I S T,
Ilaa located in Dallas, and is readv to
attend to all thoso requiring his aamtance.
Artificial Teeth of the very finest and best
Hatiafaction guaranteed, or no charges made.
Now t the time to call on the Doctor.
Office, opposite Kincaid'a Photosranhie Gal-
AU'y & CounsclIcr-at-Lair.
Will practice in the Courts of Record and Tn
fciior Courts. Collections attended to promptly.
OFFICE In tho Court Houjo.
OFFICHIn Republican Ruild-
ing, Mill street. Orders eolicited. All buei
uces promptly attended to.
J. C. GRUB3S, P,1. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND WUlUiliO.V,
OCVrs his Services to tbo Citizens
OFFICE at NICHOLS Druit Store
J. I,. COfl,MS,
Attorney and Counsellor-at-Law.
Spcdal attention given to Collections and to
matters pertaining to Real Letate. 1
Attyfc Counsellor at L,aw,
OFFICE IX COURT HOUSE,
DALLAS, POLS C0U2TTY, OREGON.
Attorney & CounseHor-AtLaw,
Will practW in alt the Courts of the State. 1
K. R FJSK K. C.tt. HALL.
DHS. FISKK & II ALL
OFFICE No 1 MOORES' BLOCK,
F'TX Till t w? v
J. JAIIES, Jeweler,
irOULD 11ESPKCTFULLV ANNOUNCE
V ? to the citjjcns ot Dallas ant vicinity
that he i now prepared to clean and repair
CLOCK'S, WATCHES and JEWELUV. etc.
Satisfaction guars ntsd.
OFFICE At llobart's corner, opposite the
P. S.. Work i" my abxence left with Mr,
llobart, will be attended to 7 tf
iUSlLY I A T IS O IS I Z 12
millSlS THE ONLY WAY TO INSURE
JL the permanent growth of any community.
In supplying our homes with
W UN ITU HIS,
as well as other things, it should be practiced. I
have on hand a full assortment of everything
in this line. Shop near Way mire's mill. Dallas.
rilO MY FRIENDS AND PATRONS t
JL would say that I have ro-built uiy Shop
8 A !l OLD COHNI2H,
Where I am prepared to do all kinds of
WAGOJT WORK AND HOKSI3
SIIOUING ON MIIOHT NOTICE.
As I have lost all my property by Fire, those
indebted to me for work will confer a favor
by paying up immediately.
A friend in need, is a friend indeed.
J. M. CAMPBELL. 4.8. K1I LKY
CAJflPBGIiTi fc RIPI.EV
SASll JOOR Ml)
MAIN STUF,i:T, DALLAS.
Wo hayo constantly on band and for Sale
WINDOW StSEI, ftlnxcd
DOORS OF ALL SIZES.
WINDOW AND DOOH FRAMES,
All of the Best Material and Manufacture,
ll-tf CAMPBELL A RIPLEY.
PROFESSIONAL CARDS, dC.
0 . y
For everything in th GTtOCERY LIN4
go to ,
M. C. BROWN'S,
MAIN STREET, DALLAS.
Ho has on hand a full supply, which h
offers cheaper than any other Store in Dallas.
All Styles of Pictures of the best fiuJsa,
J. II. K INC AM
HAVING ALL LATE IMPROVEMENTS
for twkine pictures. I invite the pMrota-
age of the public Please call at the pboto
graphic Gallery, Mam strrct, opposite vr. tver
bell's office, Dallas. ltf .
G. B.. STILES,
Cigars and Tobacco,
V09D AMD WILLOY WARE &c
DALLAS LIVERY. FEED .& SALE
Cor. Main aud Court Street,
Thos. G. Richmond, Proprietor
HAVING PURCHASED THE AB0V1I
Stand of Mr. A. II. Whitley, we bar. re
fitted and re-stock el it in such a manner at
will satisfactorily mett every want of Wit you
Iluggtes, alngle nr double. Hack, Ctn
cord Wagxms, etc., etc,
Furniahed at all honm, day ot night, on
t hort notice.
Superior Saddle IIore, let by th)
Day or W eek
TERHIS, REASON ARLC.
4 T. G. RIcnMDKD '
IVKW PA I AT SHOP,
Carriage Wagon, Sign,
GRAINING & GLAZING,
PAPER HANGING, &c,
Done in the most Workmanlike manner by '
XI. l S11HIVEH.
Shop upstairs over llobart A Co' Ilafhftsl
DALLAS, POLK CO., OREGON
: ISOIjA STOiCIS.
f J AVING PURCHASED A LARGE AND t
1JL complete Siock of GENERAL MER
CHANDIZE, consisting iuart of
CIas, Queens ware,
And allsarticles found ia a GENERAL VARI
ETY bTOUE, I would rwpectfully tail Ike
attention of the Public to iny EstabliihmenU
Highest Cash price paid for . .
1 UHS AND PELTRY.
R. A. RAY, .
Eola, Tolk Co., Of n,
B M tS'W
OF WORK AT TIIK LOWEST'
LIVING PRICES. CAN RE HAD
RY CALLING ON.
iiiiuks & iiaceieijDEH,
STEAM JOB PRINTERS, !; (
03 Front street, Portland, Oregon
A LARGE ASSORTMENT r BLANKS 1
Circuit. County, and Juaticos" Court, oon.
"tantly unhand. .Also, Bonds, Deed?, Mortgage!
and Blanks for uso in Bankruptcy caeos.
By tiding Letterheads, Billheads. Card, C.reii.
lars, Printed Envelopes, oto. Give us a rail
or seed in your orders' 4in-12