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About Oregon Republican. (Dallas, Or.) 1870-1872 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 24, 1870)
DALLAS, OREGON. SATURDAY. DECEMBER 24. M'O.
la If sued Every Saturday Afternoon at
jjauaa, roue county, Oregon.
BY P. C. SULLIVAN.
OFFICE Main street, between Court and
Aim streets, twe aoors souta of the Postoffice.
SINGLE OQPIBSr-One Tear. $2 50; Six
Monttia, i 7; Xnree. Months, $1 00,
Subtcriptio wu pai&ttrictlif f adeattes
1 ADVERTISING BATES.
One square (10 lines orless), first insert'n, S3 00
Each subsequent insertion-.. 1 00
A liberal deduction will be made to quar
terly and yearly advertisers.
Professional cards will be inserted at $12 00
per "annum. .-- ;
In advance to insure publication. All other
advertising bills must be paid quarterly.
Legal tenders taken at their current value.
Blanks and Job Work of every description
furnished at low rates on short notice.
3UAli advertising bills must be paid
A Splendid Chance.
We will send the Dallas Repcblica and
Dkmirkst's Mosthlt, which is itself $3 for one
year, to any person who pays us $4 : - i
Dbmorest's Moxthlt stands unrivalled as a
Family Magazine. Its choice Literature, its
superior Music, its large- amount of valuable
information on miscellaneous subjects, Uj
practical and reliable information In regard to
the fashions, and artistic illustrations, give it a
just claim to its well-earned title, 44 The Model
Magasine of America , j" ; r
The 'History' of the Lu
ciihr M at eh.
From the Technologist
.. Few things afford a finer type of the
results oi modem civilization than the
little splints " which' we use to procure a
light, : and .. then bo carelessly throw
aside. The laboratory of the chemist
is introduced into our very households j
results which hut a few years ago were
only to be produced . fey men who had
long pored over crucibles and retorts,
are now ootainea oy cuuaren ; ana tnc
product of deep alchemical research
becomes a daily, we had almost said an
hourly convenience, i Other inventioLs
are on a grander scale and assume more
magnificent proportions, but the lucifer
match excels all in constant conveni
ence. It requires no special engineer
or chemist to operate it, as do the loco
motive, the steamship the telegraph,
the printing jjreaa and the spionmg
jenny. No bright brass work, no costly
gearing, uo elaborate ornaments sur
round it j and yet, if the question were
between the telegraph and the lucifer
match, we doubt not but that if the
latter were buried in oblivion, it would
abstract more from the general conve
nience and comfort of society than
would the former. The tclcgTaph woutd
be missed by thousands, it is true, but
the loss of the lucifer match would
carry inconvenience and discomfort to
every man, woman and child that has
ever even heard of the telegraph.
, But the match possesses much in
itself that is intrinsically beautiful and
interesting. We wonder if it has ever
occurred to our readers that all the
three kingdoms of nature contribute to
their convenience every time they use a
match ? To form the little covered tip,
animals gave their bones for phosphor
ous and glue ; long and tedious voyages
were undertaken to volcanic regions,
probably to Str emboli or CHrgentir to
procure the sulphur wbicbUs a constit
uent of most matches ; while, tor form
the splints, our own American forests
jgave their tallest and noblest pine
ome tree long the pride of the forest,
And beneath which the Indian and the
sSeer iiad found shelter-for it features
4ho' very best of matches to make the
splints ( of timber. " Truly a match,
trivial though it seems, is interesting
nd beautiful ;, but then most common
ihincs woutd be interesting and be'auti-
Tnl if we only examined them. The
.difficulty is i that l:we' Walk through a
vorld of interest and beauty with our
-eyes ehutr Manyf doubtless, remember
the time when we had no matches j but
our. younger .readers i haye, : probably
never known a time when we were
without this essential requisite of mod-
ern housekeeping, and probably' they
wonder bow people ever . gox aiong
without them. So we feel confident
that, to old. And . young," the history of
toe matcn can not jau to do lniereauug,
as on the one hand it calls op the viTid
associations of early life, and on the
other.it will reveal a great many, new
,V Beyond all question, fire wag a direct
gi&from God to man, whether at the
first sacrifice, or at an earlier period, we
know not. And, curiously enough, al
tradition points to this origin of fire
The Moslem tells us that Gabriel in
structed Adam and Eve how to make
bread : and when ; an' oven had been
made under his direction, he fetched
fire from Hell with which to heat it
Tlie. Angel, however, took the precau
uou 10 wasa tats ure seventy tiaies iu
the sea, as otherwise it would have
burnt up the earth and all that it con-
tamed. s -f . ,1
We must here distinguish between a
mere knowledge of the existence of fire
and a knowledge of its use. Volcanoes
famish examples of fire by no means
rare, and woods have often been set on
fire'by the lightning stroke. ; Yet man
might know fire as an element long be
fore he thought that it might be ren
dered of some use j and the ancient
accounts have scarcely exaggerated the
importance or difficulty of the discovery.
lhis is indicated by the fact that van
ous nations have been found to whom
the use of fire was altogether unknown
This was the case with the inhabitants
of the Philiipine and Canary Isles at
their first discovery, and .also with vari
ous tribes in Africa and America, who
consequently fed on raw flesh. The
inhabitants of the Mariana Isles, dis
covered in 1521, had not the least idea
of fire. When they first saw it, as
introduced by Magellan's people, they
regarded it as a species of animal which
fed upon wood. The , first who ap
proached were burnt, which inspired
great fear of the terrible creature which
could painfully wound with its strong
; DrBart&s, in his u Weekes and
Workse " gives the following account of
Adam's discovery of fire : copying the
account given by Sanchoniatho of the
production of fire by the robbing to
gether of two trees, "he tells as that
Adam, who witnessed this, fled with
terror when he saw the ruddy flame
arise from the copse, which was soon
all on fire. The flame pursued him
till a naked plain arrested its progress.
Recovering his courage, Adam turned
back, and observed with interest that
cheerful glow which the heat imparted
to his frame, and the speed with which
it drien his damp clothing. Amid the
cold of the ensuing winter, Adam often
thought with regret of this, and, since
this fire was not again kindled among
the trees, tried a thousand ways to
achieve its production. As we have
previously remarked, Sanchoniatho
tells that men first found out fire by
robbing two sticks together, and that
the forests of Tyre took fire from the
branches of the trees rubbing against
each" other daring a severe storm of
rain and wind, a result which is evi
dently impossible. For, although sav
cgc nations still obtain fire by this pro
cess, it i tedious and laborious, requir
ing constant friction and dry material
circumstances very different from those
of a storm of wind and rain, with its
fitful gusts. The labor required to pro
duce fire by this method will be appre
ciated on a perusal of Dr. Marcy's
" The most difficult of all methods of
making a fire, but one that is practised
by tome of the Western Indians, is by
friction between two pieces of wood. I
bad often heard of this process, but
never gave credit to its practicability,
until! I saw the experiment successfully
tried. It was done in the following
manner: " '-1
: Two dried stalks of the Mexican soap
plant, about three-fourths of an inch in
diameter were selected, and one of them
made fiat on one sido; near the edge of
this fiat surface, a small indentation was
made to receive the end of the other
stick, and a groove cut from this down
the side. The other stick is cut with a
rounded i end, : and placed upright upon
the first. One man then holds the
horizontal "pieco upon' the ground, white
another takes the vertical stick between
the palms of his hands, and turns it
back and forth as rapidly as possible, at
the same time, pressing forcibly down
upon it. The point of the upright stick
wears away the indentation into a fine
powder, which runs off to the ground
in the groove that has been cut ; after
a time it begins to smoke, and by con
tinued friction, it .will at length . take
fire. i--; ; i-.: .;,.!:
' -This is an operation that is difficult,
and requires practice ; but it a drill
stick is used, with a cord placed around
the center of the npright stick, it can
be turned much more rapidly than by
the hands, and the fire' produced . more
readily, The upright stick may be of
any hard, ; dry wood but the loweiy
horizontal stick must bo of a aoft, In
flammable nature such as pine, cotton
wood, or black 'walnut, and it, must be
perfectly dry. The Jndiaps work tbe
sticks with ths ' palms of the hands,
holding the lower piece between the
feet; but it is better to have a man to
hold the ; lower piece, while another
holds the drill bow." t t ? r -j
In addition to this' original process,
various have been the devices by which
men have sought to rekindle their
household fires when they have gone
out. The blacksmith lights his forge
with a red hot iron, made red hot. by
rapid and dexterous strokes of the ham-
mer. The philosopher, dealing with
morthsubtle agencies, accomplishes the
same end by, hammering air a singular
statement, yet one that ts literally true.
Ironj when hammered, becomes red hot,
and will set fire to shavings j air, when
strongly; compressed; becomes so hot
that it will ignite tinder, oo.tbe philo
sopher takes a brass tube, fits to it very
accurately a piston, with a suitable
handle, and then attaching to the lower
end or the piston, a pieco of tinder, he
drives it smartly to the bottom of the
tube. If the operation is dexterously
performed,, the tinder will always be
ignitea. ine sun, too, nas often Deen
the origin of terrestrial fires, and his
rays, concentrated by a burning glass
or by mirrors, have often enabled men
to imitate Prometheus.
; Domestic Happiness
One great cause of unhappiness in
the domestic circle, is the deception
used by both parties before marriage.
The endeavor on the part of each to
hide his or her real character, and to
appear to the best possible advantage,
not thinking , that after the by menial
knot is tied, that they wtl appear to
each other in their true character 5
The young gentleman, m essaying to
secure the love of his inamorata, never
ushers himself into her presence unless
he is in prime condition j" by this
we mean, unless he is in good humor,
good health, and well calculated to in
terest and please. And while proceed
ing to her place of residence, if possible,
he procures a bouquet of her favorite
flowers, a choice book, a periodical of
which he .knows she is fond, or some
other token of his regard. With these.
he would of course find her, or at least
soon cause her to assume, a pleasant
appearance; and under these circum
stances the two pass a few hour, during
which they mutnally exchange those
expressions . of tenderness, . which are
common among lovers.
In this way they pas on for months,
and in some cases for years, their only
study being to deceive, and their only
and inevitable doom to be mutually de
ceived. Where ourtship is prolonged
for 'years, the friends of both p&rtie
commend their exercise of judgment
and discretion, and justly too, io the
matter, and if they do marry, the world
says their alliance was founded upon
good qualities that each perceived in
tho other." Tim ts right and proper;
but the difficulty is, the gentleman has,
n many instances, If not in all, created
n the lady a desire for positions in life
which it is impossible for her to ever
attain, enjoyments which she can never
procure, and excited expectations which,
in the very nature of things, is impossi
ble for her to ever realize. He has pic
tured to her the bright side of life alto
gether, without ever saying one syllable
of its dark phases ; he has shown' her
the sunshine, without ever mentioning
the clouds; he has allowed himself to
dwell altogether upon the romance,
without bestowing a thought upon the
realities of life. The unavoidable result
is. the lady, when the vail is drawn
aside, and she sees matters in their true
light, is disappointed, thinks she has
been deceived, finds fault with her com
panion, and, in many instances, yields
to the legitimate results, and becomes
gloomy apd despondent ; and following
this, as a natural sequence, are unhappy
marriage, domestic discord, and, often
desertion. .-, -,! .,! vii'l.i
Some will, say. , " the lady should
have a mind of her owo, and not allow
herself to be deluded , in such a man-,
:r;" but in the .great mass of cases:
she is young and ioexperieoced, .with
false views of j life and its responsibili
ties, learned from novels, and what she
observes in a short experience in the
dizzy vortex of fashionable, life. Thcso
are both, Calculated to mislead her, until
she has 'reached the point in age and
experience, which will dispel those
idreamyr fancies, and howf Jife ; in. its
reality. T fJ.o avoidi these itmhatipyra-.
suits, we need ft few radical changes.
Ladies and gentlemen 'in? their? inter
course vith each othcrf iwith a.view, to
wedlock; ; should cease i to- endeavor i to
deceive each , other, bnt act their true
character.-"V $o not mean, by jthis
that the young gentleman j who L eljgh ts
in obscene language. and vulgar asser
tions, should indulge , in r conversations
and habits of . that nature, whUo n .'the
presence of ladics; but rather, on the
contrary, endeavor to produce a radical
change in his tastes, habits, &c., so that
he may not only the more easily gain ,
uuu aiso retain, tne esteem or his lady
love. But whatever practices and course
of life he calculates , to pursue in after
life, he should, by all means, give her
to understand them before hand, in
order that she may, know what to ex
pect in the hereafter. If be uses any
artifices to gain tho love of the lady of
his choice, he should deem it his duty,
as wen as pleasure, to make equally as
great efforts .to retain that love after it
is once secured. Several years since.
while on a visit to a friend, a man of
standing and acknowledged ability,
I noted the deference and marked res
pect with which he and his wife treated
each other io their intercourse. While
rambling through his garden, in the
aiternoon, in company wan mis gentle
man 1 asked him how, through a long
seriea of years, he had' managed to
always hate everything so pleasant, and
his family associations so genial and
affectionate. u My young friend," said
he, " Let me "give you a little advice.
If, in your intercourse with the world,
you "chance to find a young lady whose
affections you desire to gain, endeavor
to secure them . by every . laudable
means : and always remember that the
game means which are used to secure
those affections, should also be used to
retain them. By using those means, I
have found in my own case, that life is
one continuous courtship."
llefore we left the garden, 1 noticed
him pluck one of the finest roses he
could find, and, as we passed e up the
steps to the piazza, the lady met us,
and, with a genial smite that I shall
never forget, the gentleman approached
her, and handed her the rose which be
had plucked, at the same time giving
her an affectionate kiss.V The lovely
smile on her face, and the look of love
and confidence which she gave him as
he turned away, more than ever con
vinced me of the truth of the assertion,
"That life is I what we make it." In
view of the many difficulties now ob-
ftervablo In social life, it is to be hoped
that these matters ma be more noticed
than they have been heretofore, and
that we may see a reform io these mat
ters that will result in the good of soci
ety, and a greater enjoyment of domes
tic bappiac?s A-rcAai.
California "secma to have awoke to
the fact that the lottery business U an
evil that should be stopped, and accord
ingly has taken measures to secure that
result. This seems to have caused
considerable excitement and contention
in the Courts, as well as among the
people. This is a step in the right
direction. Gambling in all its phases
is an evil, a great and growing evil, and
steps should be taken to put a stop to
it in all parts of the country. When
we see such ruinous results following as
we behold in the late California and
Nevada lotteries men committing sui
cide on account of losses sustained, and
other fatal results, to say nothing of the
depravity of morals that must inevita
bly follow in the wake of such practices,
it is time , to awake to the importance
of proh ibi tory m easures, and put a stop
to such nefarious practices, and throw a
guard around those who are unable to
guard and govern themselves. ,
The Oteaonian of, the 12th inst.
under tho heading of '.The 8ecret
Ontr civos an extract from a letter of
the IleralcTi special correspondent on
the Holiaday Excursion ; and, after
making some other severe strictures
upon him, eajs, " ho felt as if he had
made a fool of himself.".. , y
' ,Ve wonder if the Oregonian and
tho Bulletin will, profit by this poor
leiiun a vaciicuuo) auu o,wy luuir uuu
gensical scribblinga' about Beu. Holla
day, and not, like the Herald' i corres
pondent, ( continue to make4 fools of
themselves, after they see their folly.
; I The Gazette thinks wo need the in
structloW proposed to bo given by tho
J1mmvTW'8 true, without doubt
Of course our young friend of the Qa
tette is already too much of a saint , to
need any instructions as to his spiritual
Welfare, and too wise in bis own con
ceit to 5 require it ;upon any other sub
j eet.t 5 We have" observed that young
gentlemen; sometimes arrive at" an ago
when they are apt to imagine there is
nothing more for them to learn.
- : . r . , , , , . , , , . , . - -
PROFESSIONAL CARD& t C.
? J. Hp, M TE R, j
AU,y & Counsellor-at-Iiair,
. Dallas,' Pollt County Oregon'
OFFICE loJ'tho" Court Hoai 7 "t, M-ly
J. C GRUOBS. a D.f
PHYSICIAN AND SUUGEON,
Offers bis Serrices to th Citizens of Pallas
: f -! and Vicinity.
OFFICE t NICHOLS Drug Store.
P. A. Fbewch. f ' ' J. MeMAHos.
mXI BLACKSMITH SHOP,
Kola, Polk County. ; ' -'
All Kinds of Illackanitthliiff done on Short
Notice, and to the SatLifaeUon of Customers,
! J -a. T VI T
: Special attention paid to tlorae81ioelnff.
OcU 11, 1870. FRENCH A McMAHON. ;
; ' V- , .- ' 34-ly
It E MEM UGBt
Has been RE-FITTED, and no pains ts now
spared to make all who nay call Comfortable
and Happy. . .
A rood Stable is kept la connection with the
Houce. Call and see u.
Oct. 27, 1870. JKHEMIAU OALWICK.
J U. SITES, .'jril. D.. yy
Physician and Surgeon,
v 4 ; j - ; : Dallas, Ogn. -J i )
narlnr returned practice, will eire special
attention to Obstetrics, and the treatment of
the diseases of Women and Children :
jEOfflce at his residence. " -
Physician and Surgeon,
Special attention given to Obstetrics and
Diseases ef Women.
J. J2. DAVIDSON, H D
Physician and Sargeon,
j . .. Independence Ogn - ,f ; .1 fi;
T. V. B. Embrcc.
PlllfsiCI AN & SUHGEOM
AMITY, YAM 11 ILL CO., OBEQON.
JZSt Office at residence.
Attorney and Cotmscllor-at-Law,
Will practice tn alt the Courts of Record and
Inferior Courts of this State.
OFFICE In Watklnds A CoV Briek, op
stairs. I -: 1
P. C. SULLIVAI,
Attorney & Oonnsellor-At-Law,
Will practice In all the Courts of the State. 1
I. Is. COLMIfS,
Attorney and Cormsellor-at-Law.
. ...j .r. Dallas, Oregon iv:- '. ;'
Bffelii attention given to Collections and to
matters perUlnlng to Heal Estate. v . 1
eo. a. ccaaarV""" "'y- " 8.' boklkt.
XAPAYGTTI3 - - - OREGON.
4 ;;iaACiidi j zz ahise y, .
Lafayette, Oregon. ;
En!0. r'jSJLOAT, . -V,:iC
Carriage and Ornamental
Comzasreia T'trset, .'.-,,.;-
Opposite Starkey's Block,
LL SORTS OF GOODS SOLD FOB
1 Cash or Marketable Produce at
I - - . . j. H. LRWIS'R
ELCH'S PREMIUM SALMONBEST
in market in kits or barrels.
For sale at COX A EARII ART'S, '
,'' -A. ' , Salesa.;
- Constantly on ' hand and for sale at iny
Resident at Dallas, good Hams, Sides, Shonl
ders and Lard, of best quality, and la quanti
ties to suit purchaser. , , ? , rt
l X am also prepared to accommodate- persons
with steams,? either 'as travellers or persons
coming to town to attend Courts, or who are on
business and desire to remain over nictbt. '
HENRY HAQOOD. At the Brldfre. u
PROFESSIONAL CARDS, kC
WHOLESALE RETAIL CROCERC '
i .... t.
Goods, by the Package at II educed Bate
' . myl0-3tf ' .."
- -, - :, yv 5
Under wood, Barker Civ r
, yyiiyy--: y-l -r ' ,yy Jv-: J t , " "
Commercial . street Salenw Oregon .;
MANUFACTURE ALL KINDS OF WAO-' :
. ONS after the most approved styles and ; (
the best of workmanship, on short notice, and
AT POBTXAND PR ICES I - ;
; r Hh :stW& 31-tf: 3 5-'-'
Main st. (opposite the foart House), Kail,
MANUFACTURER "AND DRALER TR I
Harness. Saddles. Bridles. Whim. Collars. .
Check Lines, etc., etc of all kinds, which 4m is "
prepared to sell at the lowest iitlng rate. , " - '
fSt; REPAIRING done oa short notice. F "
AITERS. DO YOU WANT , KOMI"
Fine Cloth CJaiters f if so. cnpply your-
QUEBNSWARE IN ABUNDANCE ; ;
j At -n:jyi , ; J;' U. LEWI'S, i "i-
n m im ' mum . . mi m . m m m m m
Main Tee,' : " i j j Oallaal5 Ocn
TfriNES, LIQUORS, PORTER, ALEi
II Jiltiers. Uiirsrs. Vnvdie. f )vtm
men on the ontcide of the counter, by a gentle- .
man wno nas an eye to "ton" on tbe inside."
- . . . a efea.
do come aiong, ooysj make no Oelay, ana
we wui eoon near wnai you nave to say.
a W. T. CLINQAN.
liURGREH a SHHipiER, ,'.,
t',. Importers and. Dealers ia
BEDDING. t 4 i-z
. . " ' C ...(. .... . T ;
The iJtrpest Block and tlie Oldest Far !
nitar Uoaae In Portland. V S,J
WAREROOMS, AND FACTORY?
CORNER 8ALK0IT AHD FISST BTSEETfffr
PORTLAND, OREGON' v '
u-tf : : . f ,s
. j t
LA CREOLE ACADrnY.
.. Dallas, Polk County, Oreco.
MR. M. M. OaLESBY...;..p'i,nictrii.
MISS C. A. WATT.... AssiaTawiC i
This Institution was Ro-opcoed on Won!
day, the Z 1st of October. The Teachers aro
determined to do ererrthin; In their power to, ,
make this School second to none, of its grade, t
in the State. They earnestly solicit the hearty '"I
Co-operation of the Community, tvad Liberal '
Patronage from the Public ? - r
.. ; "'Ij EXPENSE; -Vifi
PRtMART, per Term C. '
Co mm oh EsgLish, per Term o 4. ''
ItiGHEB EycLisn, per Term ... 8 Of
Latin or -French Language-. Two Dollars" ' '
Extra.? . ,s' 1 . , ; . ,. fv ' f f,; .
j These figures will be greatly redueeofby tho .4.t
application of . the .'Endowment. Fund. AU
Students entering the School anlj share eojaally ;
the benefit of this Fund. y . ' . 4 "., . t" -J
Students will not be adaaitted fur si, last V
period than a Half Term. ' Charge's will
made from the time of Entering. V ' '. x
y No deduction made (or Absence, axeeptiir i
ease of protracted Sickness. .
. N. LEE, CXCnm Ex. pern. ,
' WM. no WE; Am. Of Board. V
'.. iy pom iAjm Jiw
TnB ELLENDAtE MILL COMPANrv
!fwill give the highest market' rric for ?
wool, delivered at tbeir factory in Polk.Co. . ; 4
; Their Store is also open, with a gcxi'eral aV
sortment of Dry Goods, Groceries. IJardwsreJ'i
Ao. . j.tf
Those indebted to the firm 'qv"
Yf, C. Brown A. Co. are requested te eem' fervx
ward and settle their notes and arcornts, ts
the business of tbe late firm mast be tettfti !
without further delay. . , , 4 rt
vr.c. Br own A cV
; Dallas, Ogn., Angnst-24, isya i y . 1 ,25.tf.
K : JISNNINGS LODC.n Ko. O 'I'1
fl A.M., Dallas, bold$ its regalsr ob..
"XmunlcaUoiia on the Saturday prtsred irg
tbe Ful oon n atu raonta,imtesa lheoao,aJ
fulls oa, Satordayhe. oa .tha dsy, at.o,H
o'clock. " ' " - . : " . :". )
Also, 0 ho second Kriday in1 each: cacqtil
at T o'oloek, P. M. for the purpose of in;rrv- ,
meni of the Craft In Masonry ' and fr uci
other work as th M aster . ma j from tl as ' j.
All Brethren in good standi iart Invite
tend By ordrof tho ' V U
ii :, H