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About Oregon Republican. (Dallas, Or.) 1870-1872 | View Entire Issue (April 30, 1870)
;ltc Oregon Republican.
JCOUNTY OFFICIAL PAPER."
Republican tatc Ticket.
For Co no res r.
- J. G. WILSON,
O Far" Governor,
jpor Secretary of Stale,
" jJ AM ES E LKIN S, '
of Linn. . , ?
' For -Treasurer,
;MYER HUISCH, S
- - of Mariom ,
JTor Slate Pria terf
, , '. ' ot Lane.'
iFor JJ7? of'Stf District,
' "" illVBOIK, '
district Attorney of 3d District,
; J. C PO WELL,
i ot Linn,
gPolk County Union Republican Con-
,v:;.ni j-V Oli veuflon ' j- ;-''; -:l :-
By order of the Vnioir Republican Central
Committee of Polk county,.tbe primary meet
ings will bo belcl at the place of voting in each
precinct,, at 1 o'clock p. m Friday, May 13,
J370, , to elet Delegates io tho County Col
.vvention, to bo held at Dallas, at 10 o'clock a, to.,
.Saturday, May 14th, 1870; tor th purpose of
nominating a County Ticket, and the transac
tion of such other business as may properly
onie before -such convention. r -:i , r,
; Tba, several Preeloe r are entitled to e:nl
Delegates as follows :
La Creole 2
B tier, a. Vista " 7
liridgeport t;..-.,'..;.. 5
S.- : J L '-COLLINS, Chairman.
."KQUirAHLR A DJUSTMENT.
r im. BrsTER.
There rose in the land a terrible commotion,
Whith .ret men to thinking front mountain to
. . ocean ; ' ' . . , :.
.. That plaffren ra rank,
" ' 'J The Albany plank, ,
. . ' - - -A .. - -
It pped thro the land on the wires of the nation,
That Oregon does fajror repudiation j
Men down East'don'-i think
r ; -You'll handle their ebibk,
' " . i ! ,i ITrpitable adjustment.
Bioce men of fam'd-rcaaon has pronounced its
And honorable men of Oregon does see,
No more do th1 ying
. Jie pu di a tliiff, , '
. -! ' ; . ; Equitable aljustment. -
Progress and invention cr dishonor and shame,
Two roads U lerore us, then Oregon choose
fame, .. . , ,
And rally nest June
To stop the vile tune,
; , - , F.quitiMc adjustment.
The Tariff Q,ues1ion;
The tariff question is one that has
entered into the politics of the nation
to a greater or lees extent fur the pat
forty years, and it seem3 to be one of
those Jssaes that.inyst , bo discussed,
over and again, at every Tecurring con
tezt. Keally there should be no argu
mint on the subject this year in Ore
gon, for both the party platforms have
aiopted almost tlio 'same resolution
the Albany , platform announcing that
the Democrats are in favor of a tariff
on imports for a revenue alonej and the
Portland resolutions deolaring in favor,
of a taiff for revenue, , but discrimi-
.natmg in favor of domestic manufac
turesj so as not to diminish its efficien
cy for" the, purpose of revenue. In dis
cussing " this question Democrats use
Jhe argument8,Jn part, made years ago
against the prohibitory tariff or a tax
levied, not for the purpose of revenue,
but for theLprbtedtidff of homcmanu
actures. They lose sight of one im
portant doctrine tf the old debaters on
.1 " ' -o
power to lay and collect such duties as
they may dec in necessary for the pur
poses or me revenue; ana wtthtn these
limih so to arrange these duties a in
idenj,(tlhj 1 an d td that f exten t to gi ve
protection to the manuacturer. ; This
the 'old doctrine, held by the advo
l?ateqof.a low tariff, and isthe, policy
'announced by the Itcpublicans in Ore-
gon today, so that, really . ticre is no
ditTerenc between the two pnrties when
Ye jrtfurros. are the index!
The difference is made by the public
speakers ..... , i - , .
i. Mr. Hoyden,' in his ppcech here this
week, as wo thought,; really made no
point against the llcpublican position
on thie subject, but simply held up to
the odium of liis audience tho prohibit
htory tariff, which question is not in is
sue. He also extolled the English and
French tariff laws, that levy taxss on
the productions of thasoil, while ours
discriminate in favor of manufacture?
and mining. lie thought our system
in this respect should be changed. lie
did not state that tfiose nations had
firmly established their factories and
possessed many skilled operatives, to
carry them on, and can now stand alone
I or that their agriculture is the branch
of industry to be encodraged. On the
other hand, our farmers, possessing
uew and rich soils, need no protection
though our factories are the .new cuter
prises to le built up. This we believe
to be the true statement of facts.
It is curious why Democracy shouli
have such a prejudice against our man
ufacturing interests when ic is admitte'd
by all that a nation should have, with
in its own; borders, all the elements
that go to make up a perfect nation;
one that should be independent in
every respect of its neighbors. If Mr
Hayden's indicated policy should ob
tain, and the tariff on imported manu
factured articles should be removed
and placed upon the products of the
field, we would in fact h avo no reve
nue, but would be compelled to resort
to a direct taxation to carry on govero
ia?ntafiairs. This really is the secret
de ire of the Democratic party, but it
is a plan condemned by all political
economists as being one particular!
I 1 . i . il 1 m . . .
uuruensonic 10 me - people. Jt is the
well settled principle of statesmen that
revenue for the support of the govern
meut should be raked by that method
that will least be felt by the people.
and direct taxation is considered to be
the most burthensome. Mr. Hayden
is traveling out of the records, as the
lawyers say, when ho wishes to have
the tariff taken from manufacture.! ar
tides and laid on the products of the
soil, and he knows that not one bushel
of gnin or pound of fruit is imported
into the United States. He wishes to
defeat the very policy that his party is
in favor of, as it in its platform has an-
The Picpublican party, like the Dem
ocratic, wants to raise a revenue from
foreign imports, but desires that a dis
crimination be made in favor of home
factories, so that in case of necessity
we may rely entirely upon our own re
sources, having, in tho meantime, plac
ed ourselves upon a firm bash and ed
ucated a large class of skilled opcra
;We think that it is a mistaken idea
to suppose that, manufactured articles
of consumption will be cheapened .by
the removal of the tariff on imports.
One instance to prove this position
comes to mind : When steel rails be
gan to be intro Juccd on our railroads,
factories at once sprang up in the UnU
ted States to supply the demand. The
enterprise was a new one, and Ameri
can steel rails were very expensive.
The duty on that clas3 of rails was re-
movod. Onr factories were at once
obliged to cease operations Tho price
of foreign rails at once advanced, and
before a tariff could again be levied on
steel rails and our tactoric3 re-commence
operations, our 'railroad companies ex
pended hundreds of , thousands of. dol
lars more than they would have ,done
if the tariff never had been . removed.
Ve honestly - believe that" all this op
position by Democratic orators is mere
ly high sounding words, intended to
captivate those who ' have never given
this subject a fair and thorough inves
tigation, for . if, they had, wq cannot
conceive of any other conclusion to be
reached than that free trade is a falsity,
got up by foreigners for the purpose of
making a market for their wares.
.Democratic orators desire the people
to ieturn Democrats to tho Legislature,
because some railroad company is liable
to attempt to bribe the members.
Wonder if tho next Democratic Leg is.
laturo will' bo any less liable to brib
cay than the last one? -That story is
old, and wc would thiuk that. Demo
crats would bo'tho'last peFsons" to' usa1!
it, especially m view ot :the past.; ' Z j
Mr. Powell's Speech.
To'candidatcs fpr District lAttor
in this District made? the - opening
spevcuvH oi? mo campaign acre rasr
cdndEd ay evening. Mr. Powell, .Re
publican caodidatej i led off in a short
pe ich, telling if' the origin bf the two
parlies of tho day. lie proved that
the old Democratic party died with the
def?at of Mr, J: Douglas, in 18G0, and
tnatthe "present Democraticparty Iwasr
organized by a minority of tho old
party that split joH from the true party
and nominated jBreckenridge ; and that
thdi present Republican party was
form'cd ; in 1 SGI, under the name of
Union, When these pointsj were cs
tahlished, ho paid his respects to the
Albany platform and gave a history of
th ) passage of the celebrated- 8th reso
lu ion. He provedcontlu lively that
it meant repudiation, and wa? o stated
in the original draft ;. but that tor pol
io;,' it was changed to "equitable ad
justment." That only one man in the
Convention opposed repudiation be
cause it was wrong.
Mr. Butler's remarks were short,
at d, as; his opponent afterwards said,
wire excellent considering the material
h6 had to work upon. The speech was
one "of the olden typo, where the eale
I , i ...
s iars, ana soars, and and, lit on Dad s
He denounced the Thir
Fourtcen th A me nd men ts,
ajid the tariff, thus kicking over the
1 6th resolution of the Albany platform.
Ie opposed tho banking law, the pre
miums given to inventors, and desired
le people to cut loose fron party and
cast their votes for measures and men
lat they conceived to be right.
Mr. Powell, in a short reply, made
excellent points, explaining the bank-
ijig system and proving conclusively
that a tajjiff that incidentally protect
home manufactures is. what the nation
must have to insure prosperity, and
fiat it was to the interest of every
farmer to , have these factories, ihat a
home market for his products may be
Mr. Powell's remarks were temper
ate, reasonable aud candid, and mre
food for thought, calculated to lend the
masses out into the broid field of in
vestigation, where seeing the rirli?
they will dare do it.
The Herald aud Repudiation.
The Herald is out for the Fay con
struction of the 8th resolution of the
Albany platform, and in answer to an
argument, made by the Oregon iun, to
to the effect that the-repudiation of the
debt would annihilate two thousaikl
millions of property, makes use of the
fallowing argument to sustain his rc
When a proposition to destroy sev
eral hundred millions of slave property
in the South by an emancipation nroc-
i.tmauon, was urst .advanced, nianraa-
pers on the Democratic nie predicted
that all sorts of convulsions would re
suit, andjthat peneral disorder and ruin
would bej entailed. The proclamation
was, however, issued, and at one swoop
moro than two thousand millions of
values were wiped out of existence.
iNow, while tho results of this policy
wero serious, they did not entail the
extent of ruin and misery upon the
country that was predicted. Our pur-
.it...i: i.. ii f. .! i ' .
ju in uiiumu iu mis ojj niairca just
now is to exhibit the similarity of the
prophecies made in regard to the abo
lition of slavery, with those uttered
now by the Radical papers in recard to
the equitable adjustment of the public
debt. : ' - 1 :
When! the emancipation proclama
tion was made it was a necessity of
warv and one that had to bo made to
save tho life of the country. Again,
negroes cro not money ; tbey were
not destroyed, but the ownership of
them wa3 only transferred from the
former masters to the negroes them
selves.. .-' ; ..
The wcalth'of a nation lies in three
hings the amount of money or prop
erty, the number of laborers and the
incentive to work. It makes no differ,
ence how often capital changes owners
so that it, is, not destroyed or taken
fromthe country. The argument of
the Herald is fallacious, and tho propo
sition to repud iat e the whole or any
part of ; the natienal debt is not a par
allel case with the emancipation of the
negroes. The number of laborers was
not diminished ; by the order scttin
them free. but. on MiA"ntfimi t,n.,,i i,A
incentive impelling them to labor 'was
greater han before, and the nati.
really. enriched thereby. On the other
hand" the Jferald, by its repudiation
doctrine, proposes to annihilate a large
portion of the capital of the United
States now used in trade. The result
wo-uU be impoverishment and would
be felt to the remotest corners of the
Says the Orecjonian: Ta spite of
all assaults' by f'ictionists upon Presi
dent Grant, his Administration at this
mom3nt stands higher in the esteem of
people of all classes than ever before.
Demagogues may think to de
ceive, but the people recognize in Pres
ident Grant's Administration the great
jpowcr which has restored peace and
Hiarmdny and placed the country on the
high road to prosperity Were the
flection of a President to take place
now, Gen. Grant would go in again by
a larger vote than before;- and if he
lives there is no power that can pre
vent his re-election iu 1872.
A fiercefand bitter war is raging be
tween the Albany Democrat and the
Herald. The former paper has the best
of the argument, as this extract proves:
Again, the article says : "Ry repu
diating the terms of their contract the
bondholders have 'invited an ivestiga
tion into their affiirs;" and "the Dem
ocratic party,, looking to the interests
of the people, joined issue on the neio
plea and advanced the equitable adjust
ment system as a successor to the prop
osition to pay greenbacks," and "we
will cause your affairs to be adjusted
according to the rules of equity." Now,
in the name of cnninon sense, if fhe
bondholder is the plaintiff, demanding
coin for his bonds, how can he, as a
matter of law, enter "a new plea," or
any other kind-offa plea in the prem
ies? Defendants, rift pliimiff, file
plea?, in a court of law. lint suppose
n plaint iff could file "a new plea," how
is it that the dt fi ndant goes at "once
into, equity? Was there ever Fuch a
transition heard of in a eowrt of law ?
The rule h that .o long as a man" has a
legal remedy he cannot go into equity
at all. Then how can there bo an
"equitable adjustment," a the 7era?d
undcrtand it, long as the boudhold
cr has an action at law?
The New Vork Times, a paper which
U prorcrbiully moderate and careful in
all its statement, considers the fulject
of internal improvements in an ajtie!e
from which the. following is an extract :
The fact U indisputable that the ap
propriation of large portions of . the
puhlio domain lor the encouragement
of railroads htn resulted in tho vast
iron network which 'is one of the mar
rls of dho Wcst. Thousands of mile?
of railroads have been constructed,
which, but for the Government grant
had been impossible; and thousandsof
miles are now in progress .with land
grants as the foundation of their flnan
eial operations. The effect upon the
newer States and Territories is pro
aigious. Their settlement is greatly
facilitated and hastened. The develop
ment of their resources proceeds ' at a
pace lhat has no parallel. The value
of their products and the comfort of
thjdx-pcople are enhanced. And the
(government is amply repaid . for it?
bounty by the marketable value which
is imparted to adjacent portions of the
unsold domain, and by the, addition
whiclj the rapid growth of the States
makes to the revenue. Thus, what at
the ontfet seemed to be inexcusable
prodigality is shown by events to have
been tha highest wbdum. The gain to
the country far exceeds its les.
Instead of making war upon the sys
tem, then, and rejecting all applica
tions for fresh or further grants, '.it
would seem to be the duty of Congress
to discriminate between applicants, and
to surround new grants with the guar
antees against abuse which experience
has shown to be feasible and necessarv.
There arc railroad ; projects of great
national importance, which trust re
main in abeyanco uuless Congress ex
tend them assistance.
In Mr. Butler's speech, last Wed
nesday night, he laid down the broad
doctrine that, tho people could do no
wrong in their collective governmental
capacity. ? In speaking of tho Four
teenth Amendment, ho said it toot
away tho liberties of the people, and
was a great wrong. Inasmuch as the
people adopted that" amendment, Mr.
IJ.'s position istims stated. The people
has takon something from the people
that the people could cot take. r
Democrats affect to be much alarmed
lest an amendment should, be made to
the State Constitution, allowing tho
State to go into debt in a greater sum
than $50,000. Considering that no
amendment to the Constitution can bo
made in Jess than four years, it is evi
dent that the people will have ample
lime to consider them after they are
NEW AD VFRTISEMEXTS.
- ' " 1 '" 1 ''"",
Faniiers AUcnUon !
flUIE UNDEnsrONED HAVING HAD
JL nearly twenty years' practice in making
wagons in Oregon, wo feel confident we can do
as good work as can bo had in any part of the
State.. K' . -if'A ' I
Iron and Hickory Axles,
On hand and made to order on ehort iJotjce.
Lumber. Wagons......... .........$I50 ISO
Kxpreta Wagons .....$115(5,225
i - ....
Call and examine our work. Bepairing
done on ehort notice and on it'iisonobla terms.
.SIME.ON T. OAItlllSO.V,
ASA SHltEVE. '
. Dallas, April 14, 1870. 7:3m
Crawford ' & - Newman,..
immi i in uuHur jy
HAVE A NEW AND SELECT. STOCK
ok - '-' v: -
Japaned Ware, Porcelain JAntd Stew
Pots lor 1 rait, a Great Variety of
. GemIans, Pressed Patties for Tarts,
Cooking Spoons, Erg Heaters, Ilroil
ing Fixtures of ; Improved Pattern,
Hulling Pius, &c, !kc.
CRAWFORD A NEWMAN, i
Dallas, Apni 15. 1670. ' 7:tf
Til 13 OCCIII3IVT AL,
Formerly "V'ESTERN. HOTEL,"
Comer of First and Morrison Streets,
Messrs. 'SMITH' Ac COOK
HAVE TAKEN THIS WELL KNOWN
House and Refitted and lUfurni-hed it
throughout, making it by far the LEST HO
TEL IN PORTLAND.
N. L H.t and Cold Bath.? attached to the
House fur the beniJt of iluvxtt.
,,. SMITH Jt COOK,
Portland, April II; 1S70. 7:tf .
' , ji j i film, n I, '
rpiIE ELLENDALE MILL COMPANY
Si will Kve ia highest uiarki t price for
wool, delivered at tLtir factory in Polk-Co.
Th-ir Store al- open, wiih a general as
'rtment of Dry (Juod?, (iroec-rivs, Hardware,
ie. - 2 tf
. W. 12. TEAL,'"'
Wagon Carriage TCaker,
Main Street,, Dallas.
T HAVE ON HAND AN ASSORTMENT
g of LtimWr Wj;om, Expr.-ifs Vaga and
l,uSw''1 variou kinds, ra ly for
COf.lE Off WITH YGUil CASH !
You hll kr,.w tvbat rnr wajor.s are; "fT I
i nvc- been wv!l pairoiiu-sd f.r the lajt TEN
IvAIIS, for Ui h I fctt thnkful. And hc
'test 3 tar th j went like Jlol Cnke!".
I em welt prepared to do all ki.aSs of work
in iy trad.' .
I have in my employ the t lllack'nlih
in lh5 Coun', Um i prepared t dn br.inj
in .the hvtt Stvle, -n fhort notice, and evcrv
kind of blackcutith work done in aDv?atntnl
wurkmaolike manner, and Recording to Ordtr,
at reaitori able ratc&. ' ." t
Also Pain tipp dtir-e to order. Dring aioiijr
your m Wagons IJggie, aud jret ilictu p vj.it
-- W . II. TEA 1.
.. Dalla?, April P. .IS70. fj;rm
DALLAS "fM SIOTSL,
.11: - f.
CORKER MAIN & COURT STREETS,
A.siiULTz, : : : proprietor.
1HIS "HOUSE HAS RECENTLY IIHN
refitted nud rarraneil, and it i now
lr tlie acenriuioatiou of llie traveling
phlc, whose itrvtiage is respectfully eolie
The TADLE will at nil time? bo found well
provided with every delicacy of the reason, as
well ns the f ubstiiti tinl. and our guest may
ret aured of courteous and romt attend
The SLEEPING APARTMENTS wi!l also
be found clean, wholesome nud comfortulde.
jT-ft-Mt-iils will bo furnished Travelers at all
jfcif Livery Stable opposite the hotel.
Dalln?, April 0, 1S70. 6:.'5m
C. M. FARM ENTER.'
r. J. BABCOCK.
PARMEfiTER & 0ABG0CK.
Manufacturers, and Wholesale and Re-
tall iieaiers in
Commercial Street, Salem, Oregon,
HAND THE LARGEST
PA PER-H AjifG irvcs I
To bo found in Marion County. '
All kinds of Ticture frames, Coffine and
Caskets made to order nn lmr nnti.
. mvmvv aiiu a..
reasonable rate. - v .
- , , PARMENTER Jb BABCOCK.
Salem, March 23, 1370. 4. tf
lu rear of the! -.Capital Hotel Corner,
HORSES AND ' CARRIAGES TO 'LET
nnii .CD Ka?DilMV. Special attention
paid to transient and boarding horaea.
2 BOOTH A PL A Al ON DON,
, . ' -v '-,' j ;-..' Proprietors.
;;;.Wiii(;:Tv '11 AUMlAIV
; A NNOUNCES '21 IMS ELF AN INDE
rendent candidato fcr CONSTAIILE
tor Dallas precinct,
Dallas, April 30, 1870. ' g
WELCH'S PREMIUM SALMON-BEST
In marttJtin kits or barrels.
lorialeat COX A ISARIIART'S, ;?
HE W AD VER TISEM ENTS. -
I f SUCCESSORS TO, J5. BTRANO.
IMPORTERS AND BEALEnS IN
SS STOVES ' '
OF ALL KINDS, -
Tin Plate, Sheet Iron, Copper,
Zinc. Brass &Biock Tin,
Force and LHt .Piinisf,.
CAST TIN AND ENAMELED
Tin, Sheet-Iron &. Copper
' CJreat Variety of Gem Pans,
Iron and Lead ripe, of all eizea, for Ga.
Water and Steam.
RE TURN RENDS RUJUiER HOSE,
STOP COCKS, ROSE PIPES,
In all its brunches done io order, at the etaud
of li. Strang,"
Uuloa Illock Commerr lai St., Ralcm.
1870. iiilUvrt ISros. 1870.
SA1.EM. - - - - OREGON.
Mun's Tap-fkle Sewcd'Root.- $14 00
. Men's Double Swle, Sewed Loot...... 13 00
Men' Single 'Sole, Sewed Ex.ts..... 12 COg
oMt-u'i Tap le, P -Scd B.Kt5.....'.. 11 00
. Men's French Kip Loots.
Mco's Kip Boot?, Oregon or.tlli
"2 ftn.iii Icntucr... 7
3 Meit T.ft French Calf Sewd Ox-
Men's Best French Calf Pegged Ox
v ford Tie... 6 CO
rpili: 'BEST LRAMfS OF FliENCH CALF
JL utc-d in Alt. our boots, -and every pair
warranted !i give taiuf. tin. U'c aLu Lave
ihe tergeia and Lot nlveud fttu-k'of Eatern
iiul CaHfvrti!; tadj Hoots and Shues which
we ur a't4C!e or retail at price which
OAK SOLi: LKATlIKIl, FUKXCII
CALF, KlI' AXD. UPJ'KR
SHOE i'iXj)INGc, . ,
?h;e Machinery 'nad everything generally :
fuund in a Leather and Findins Qtre.
Gold coin paid for HIDES nnd ITR.
GILBERT BltOS. '
Salcra, Ogn., 'March JO, IST0. 2 Cm
1 OR SALE.
rETNG -ItESIROUS OF GOING EAST,
I now offer for e uiy well known
Ac., at very low rates. This property is situ
ated at '
on tho - Will Hinetle river, and on the nearest
and best route from Salem to Corvallis and V
toutnern uregon. - ;
The Ferrv l?oat is ttrtiol to n tsiitnontlnn
Wire Uoiie and runs by tho current, beinsr safa
The Warehouse is new. !milr nn thn inmMrRd
plan, with solid walls ;ibovo high water; grain
is received without elevation.;- ; .
My property 13 as good if not the best pay,
riff nrnvtertv in the Sfsito it th simn n..
Time for a part of tho purchase' money will bo
given. Those-wishing a bargain will please
call at once on W. L. BIGGS.
2-3m . Bucna Vista, Ogn.
YEATOI & BOOjVj
Wholesale and Retail dealers in
books, : ; : ; ;
ST ATIOXKUY, "
AND YANKKK NOTIONS.
WE TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY OF
intorminz the public that wo have inat
received a largo invoice of ."
Of all rtylcs, direct from tho. manufactories in
the East. Ourtoek is tho
Largest ever oflered In this Market,
"Which we will poM at wholesala and retail s
CHEAP as any other honte in the State. ;
: 4'EATON A BOON. ,
n Falcra, Ogn., March 10th, 1870. 2-tf ,
CITATION. ' -:
TO ALL PERSONS INTERESTED IN
the eatate of Alonso Wood, lato of Polk
county, Pregon, deceased : In the name of
the State of Oregon you are hereby required to
appear in the County Court of Polk county,
Oregon, on Monday , the 2d of May, 1S70, and
show cause, if any there be, why the prayer of
the petition of M. Rosendorf, Administrator of
said efttate, should not bo granted; and an or
der tnado granting license to said Administra
tor t- sell the following real estate, belonging
to said estate, to-wit j Lot No. 1 , in Block No.
llf in North Salem, Marion county, Pgo,
. .T, L. COLLINS, Co. Judge, ,
Dallas, April. 8, my ' C;tw 1