Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (March 31, 1995)
Warm Springs, Oregon
March 31, 1995 PAGE 9
Older Oregonians: Be cautious when
by Michelle Kennedy and Norma L.
, An estimated 300,000 Oregonians over
the age of 65 derive 25 percent of their
income from investments. That's a lot of
people counting on a lot of income to get
through each month. What happens if some
one sets a financial trap for you, to get that
money from you in a legal way? That hurts
; Changes in SS
In today's busy world, more and more
people hire others to help in their homes for
; household chores such as child care, house
; cleaning, and gardening, as well as health
! aids and paid companions.
i If you're in this situation, it's important
: for you to know your obligations - specifi
cally, what you need to do to make sure your
helper gets proper Social Security credit for
; wagers you pay. A new law makes it easier
for you to handle this. It could mean you and
: your employee pay fewer taxes.
: You'll only pay Social Security tax for
those household helpers who earn $1,000 or
; more during the year. No Social Security tax
; is due if the household helper is under age 1 8
during any part of the year. Thus, your oc
; casional baby sitter who's under age 1 8 now
I is exempt from the tax, unless babysitting is
; his or her main job.
; The new law applies to 1994 earnings. If
; you paid Social Security taxes for an em
; ployee whose earnings from you were less
; than $ 1 ,000 in 1 994, you and your employee
; may each ask for a refund. The employee
; won' t lose any Social Security credits earned
under the previous rules.
For 1994, you need to file the quarterly
Form 942 to report Social Security and Fed
eral unemployment tax obligations. In 1995,
; you may report these taxes on your own
; Federal tax return (Form 1040).
If you have questions about changes in
reporting household employment andor
paying Social Security taxes for household
help, contact your local Social Security Of
fice, or call Social Security's toll-free num
4-H Search and Rescue Cadet program offers members challenges-
! CADET PROGRAM
1 FIRE AND SAFETY
' The idea behind, and sole intent of a Cadet
' Program, is to provide training, education,
and knowledge to youth from within our
community and the county, and to provide
self esteem in their ability, to develop interest
in skills which may serve them throughout
their lives, and to create future productive,
capable and talented' leaders for the Con
federated Tribes, our county, the State of
Oregon and our country. The Cadets will
receive training through this program which
will develop self esteem, self-confidence and
create the ability to be self-sustaining. Some
of the skills to be learned will include:
MAPS: How to use the many different
types of maps, plot, coordinates and bearings,
locate positions, etc..
COMPASSES: Learn how to use a com
pass, how to find a location, how to set
bearings, and how to prevent becoming lost.
TRACKING: Learning the art of sign
cutting and developing the ability to follow
and locate a lost or missing person, know
how to read a person's health or mental state
, from signs left in the person's wake.
. FIRST AID: Will learn skills needed to
, provide Basic First Aid in an emergency and
on up to Advanced Aid which will include
. knowledge needed to care for and stabilize a
victim until EMS life Support Personnel can
, take over.
OUTDOOR SURVIVAL: Develop skills
needed to survive in the out-of-doors in the
event one is lost, stranded, or otherwise caught
up in a critical incident in the out-of-doors.
LOGISTICS: Learn how to do the plan
ning and calculations to provide transporta
tion, food, shelter and other needed, neces
sary items to personnel involved in a search,
rescue or other emergency service situation.
by Bob Pawelek
OSU Livestock Agent
A Look at Beef Breeds
Over the next several issues of the Spilyay
Tymoo we will take a look at many different
pure and cross breeds of beef cattle.
Discussing the order in which they appear
could be done several ways because different
breeds can be grouped differently. For in
stance, by popularity in the West, alpha
betically, or by purpose (such as dual purpose
beef cattle like the Milking Shorthorn).
To stay politically correct, we'll take the
the pocket book and the spirit of trust that
you have with the system.
The director of the Oregon Department of
Consumer and Business Services, Kerry
Barnett, says "More and more older inves
tors in Oregon are turning to uninsured in
vestments in order to maintain their standard
of living." Senior citizens should be on guard
against the five most common pitfalls in
"legitimate" investing that pose particular
problems for older people.
A previous slump in interest rates for
bank savings and certificates of deposits
(CDs) began a movement of older citizens to
invest their money in riskier products. Those
Savings Accounts and CDs were federally
insured making them secure in their financial
1)lans. The riskier products were not insured,
caving some senior citizens with less money
than they expected.
Barnett recommends the following tips to
avoid the most common pitfalls:
Be wary of commissioned salespeople
posing as impartial advisors. Research shows
that older consumers tend to be more trust
ing, which is why confusion can results from
titles such as "Investment Consultant" and
Use your correct
You'll avoid a delay in your Federal
income tax refund if the Social Security
number on your tax return is correct, re
minds Alice Mills Morrow, Oregon State
University Extension family economics
specialist. The Internal Revenue Service
(IRS) will make sure you provided the
correct Social Security number before it
pays your refund.
In past years, IRS matched numbers and
Social Security numbers of taxpayers and
their spouses. This year, it will also check
the names and numbers of all dependents
listed on returns. Dependents age one and
older must have a Social Security number.
Check the Social Security number on your
W-2 statement. If it does not match the one
on your care, tell your employer.
ROPE RESCUE: Learn and develop skills
needed to do safe, efficient and effective
rescue on cliff or rock accidents, low angle
and high angle rescue; also safe extrication
of victims. Will also learn how to take un
skilled people and safely move them up or
down on rope.
; , FIELD COORDINATION (ICS): Learn
' how to pre-plan, lay out and conduct basic
search operations, how to utilize available
resources, where to obtain different types of
assistance and methods for keeping a smooth,
recorded and orderly operation going.
SWIFT WATER RESCUE: The skills
needed to do safe, effective rescue on rivers
and streams utilizing rafts or floating tech
niques; also quick, safe techniques for
throwing lines to victims, setting recovery
nets and methods of sagely extrication vic
tims from the water.
DIVE THEM SUPPORT: Develop
knowledge needed to keep a dive team op
erating in a smooth manner, to decrease down
time for divers, decrease unnecessary delays,
and in turn, provide more efficient dive rescue
HORSE PACKING: For those interested
in horses, there will be some training done on
setting up packs and pack saddles for hauling
supplies andor equipment.
WINTER SURVIVAL: Knowledge needed
to find and construct snow shelters, snow
CADETS; UTILIZATION ON
10 TO 12: Serve as support personnel,
gofer's, message runners and safety observ
ers. Those with ability and expertise in
tracking may also assist tracking teams.
13 to 15: Serve as support personnel,
gofers message runners, safety observers,
communication operators, trackers, traffic
Various breeds of
coward's way out and do it alphabetically.
Breeds of beef cattle differ significantly
in many traits. Some are superior for one trait
and may be below average in others. No
single breed is superior in all traits. They
differ because they were developed in dif
ferent regions under a wide variety of con
ditions. Selection goals of the breeders pro
ducing them were different.
As it turns out, Angus is the first on the
list. It is also one of the two or three most
favored breeds in the country. Angus origi
nated in Scotland, in the northeastern coun
ties of Kincardine, Forfar, Aberdeen (hence
the old term, "Aberdeen Angus") and Angus.
Angus can be black orred. They are polled,
with a rather smooth hair coat. The breed is
known for its ability to tolerate cold weather.
They have adapted to the West and have
performed well here for many years. Angus
bulls make an excellent choice to use on
heifers because of their relatively low birth
weights. Recent research suggests that the
gene for the black hair coat is somehow
related to the gene for meat tenderness. This
is probably one of the reasons why black
cattle have, in recent years, become increas
During the Depression, F.N. Bard needed
an animal that could handle the sparse grazing
and temperature extremes of Arizona.
Barzona, therefore, is a contraction of the
names Bard and Arizona. The foundation of
the breed, which was laid in 1942, consisted
investing your $$
Watch out for uninsured products sold
by banks. Older investors in Oregon are
more likely to place particular trust in their
bank as a seller of mutual funds.
REMEMBER: bank-sold mutual funds
are uninsured and can result in a loss of
Beware of inadequate disclosure about
investment products. Financial profession
als may make unwarranted claims in their
sales pitches. This is compounded by in
vestment documents that are full of jargon
and difficult to understand.
Check out account statements that do not
clearly indicate performance, fees,
and commissions. Most brokerage and
mutual funds account statements reveal very
little performance and ongoing fees and
commissions. Investors should ask their fi
nancial professional to compute these in the
investment if their broker fails to do so. As
with any investment opportunity, always
check it out before offering any cash. Make
sure your investment professional is licensed
to do business in Oregon. To find out whether
an investment company or broker is properly
registered, call the State Division of Finance
and Corporate Securities at (503) 378-4387.
Hew 4-H clubs scheduled for Spring; Join now!
by Crystal & Arlene
W.S. 4-H RAINBOW DANCERS
Well! Schedules are being put together
for fund raising performances. We have
scheduled July 11,1995 at 5:30 p.m. We
need to get started in with our practice.
If you are interested in getting your chil
dren signed up for the Rainbow Dancers,
control, first aid.
16 to 18: Serve as support personnel,
gofers, message runners, safety persons,
rappeller support, low angle rescue, high
angle rescue, advanced first aid, trackers,
dive team support, swift water rescue, logis
tics control, communication operators.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ACTIVE
Those cadets who have undergone train
ing in the aforementioned skills and who
have completed programs with the ability to
pass level of certification tests will be uti
lized for their limits of capabilities. A cadet's
Mankiller's contributions something of which to be proud
by Norma L. Simpson And
Some time a go, I asked people in Warm
Springs if they would like to know more
about Famous Indian Women and Famous
Indian Men. I had a little interest, but I kept
it in my mind. I've been delighted to see the
stories in Spilyay about famous local people.
And it remained me that I had an opportunity
to put in some more information about Fa
mous Indian Women when I received a
newspaper from my professional organiza
tion. The American Association of Family
and Consumer Sciences has selected a famous
modern day Indian women as the Keynote
speaker for the Opening General Session and
Public Forum to be held in June in New
Orleans. She will be speaking about "Shap
ing Public Policy Through Collective Ac
tion." The newspaper article included back
ground information about the Cherokee Na
tion Principal Chief Wilma P. Mankiller.
Perhaps you already know more about her. If
not you will be proud of her progress and
of Africander (which is a breed found prima
rily in East Africa with feet and legs built to
handle thorns, spines, rocks and hot sand),
Hereford, Santa Gertrudis and Angus.
The breed is medium sized, longish head,
either horned or polled. They are generally
medium red, but color may vary from dark to
light red, with occasional white on the un
derline or switch. Barzona will hang a high
yielding carcass; quite lean.
Originating as a dual purpose breed, The
Friesian was brought from Europe beginning
with an importation from Ireland in 1972. In
Europe, the Friesian has always been a dual
purpose animal, whereas the American de
scendant, the Holstein-Friesian, has been
developed exclusively as a dairy breed.
The American Beef Friesian has been
"bred up" to produce a high degree of meat
by crossing Beef Friesian bulls on Holstein
females, or from an Angus cross.
They are black and white, with a broad
muzzle, open nostrils, strong jaw, moder
ately broad and dished forehead. The rate
and efficiency of gains is comparable to the
exotics such as Charolais and Simmental.
They are good calvers and are obviously
List of Breeders
In my office, I keep a well-stocked direc
tory of beef cattle breeders. If you're in the
market for a bull or a foundation herd, stop
by and visit The list is much too large to
Next issue: Beefmaster, Belgian Blue,
and Belted Galloway.
OSU Extension Staff:
Arlene Boileau 4-H & Youth
Bob Pawelek Livestock
Norma Simpson Home Economics
Crystal Winishut 4-H Assistant
Tim Wojtusik.... Agriculture
Clint Jacks Staff Chair, Madras
The above individuals are devoted to extending research-based information from
Oregon State University to the people of Warm Springs in Agriculture, Home
Economics, 4-H Youth, Forestry, Community Development, Energy and Extension
Sea Grant programs. Oregon State University, United States Department of
Agriculture, Jefferson County and the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs
cooperating. The Extension Service offers its programs and materials equally to all
EDUCATION THAT WORKS FOR YOU
you are more than welcome to come and fill
out a 4-H health form. This 4-H club will
help youth build up their self esteem, travel
to different counties, begin to understand
money management, become part of a team.
Have fun without alcohol and drugs.
There are better ways to have fun. This
group performs a style review at County
Fairs, and the State Fair. The Rainbow
Dancers and families earn the money to travel
to the fairs and to stay at the state fair for
three days. This includes lodging with their
Here are some requirements for state fair.
If you can't make a fund-raiser event you
will need to contact the 4-H Leader and let
him know at least 24 hours before the event.
You will need to have your own outfit, EVEN
IF YOU JOIN AND DON'T HAVE YOUR
OWN. The group would be more than happy
to show you how to make one. Joseph Tuckta
is one of the 4-H Leaders. He is very skilled
limits will not be exceeded.
Cadets in program will have a record kept
on the levels of certification attained, and
will be awarded recognition for their
Cadets will train with the adult members
of the Warm Springs Search and Rescue, be
required to pass the same levels of certifi
cation and become a member of a team.
Minimum age will be 1 0 years of age up to
1 8 years of age. Program is flexible in that is
has three age breaks: 10 to 12, 13, to 15, 16
to 18, as given above.
contributions in Indian Country and in other
areas of our country.
"Raised in Rocky Mountain in Adair
County, Oklahoma, where she lives with her
husband, Charley Soap, Mankiller experi
enced rural poverty early in life. Insights into
urban poverty rapidly followed. When she
was 1 1 , her family moved to California as
part of the Bureau of Indian Affairs Relocation
Program. She was one of 1 1 children and her
father has only marginal employment.
"Mankiller became active in Indian causes
in San Francisco in the late 1960s and early
1970s, gaining skills in community organi
zation and program development. She re
ceived a bachelor of science degree in social
work and completed graduate training n
"In 1977, she began an illustrious career
with the Cherokee Nation, beginning as
economic stimulus coordinator(1977-1979)
and program development specialist (1979
1981), before assuming the directorship of
the Cherokee Nation Community Develop
ment Department (1981-1983). In 1983 she
was the first woman elected deputy principal
When the previous principal chief resigned
his position in December 1985, Mankiller
completed the expired term. In 1987, she
became the first woman to be elected princi-
Multi-cultural scholarships available
from OSU College of Agriculture
by Timothy Wojtusik
The Oregon State University College of
Agriculture has launched a scholarship pro
gram with outstanding academic and lead
ership potential for ethnic minorities. The
program is designed to educate new college
students to better fit with future business
The Leadership Experiences and Educa
tion in Agriculture and Diversity (LEEAD)
program offers three four-year scholarships
of $23,000 each to persons interested in
enrolling as undergraduates in the college.
High school students of color who are inter
ested in enrolling as freshmen in OSU's
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife or
Department of Food Sciences and Technol
ogy are eligible. This will be an excellent
opportunity for Indian students with a po
tential interest in these fields.
According to J. Antonio Torres, an OSU
professor of food science and technology,
one of the goals of the scholarship program is
to bring together students and faculty whose
disciplines deal with the environment and
food production activities from widely dif
Information provided by;
at Warm Springs
1110 Wasco Street
in making outfits. He is one of the key 4-H
leaders and has started a drumming group
within the rainbow dancers 4-H club.
Calendars with all the information and
practice dates are being put together at this
Contact our office for more information.
4-H OUTDOOR COOKERY CLUB
We are very glad to have Neda Wesley on
board as a new club leader. She is going to
have her first meeting March 22 at 4 pm at her
Neda is going to teach kids how to cook
meals. At the end of the meeting, she's plan
ning an outdoor cookout where her members
will cook for their families.
Neda is also going to be teaching Indian
language to her club. A club like this will
help younger ones to know how to cook and
their traditional foods and ways. SO WEL
COME ABOARD NEDA WESLEY.
Cadets shall maintain or exceed the grades
obtained at the start of the school year. Writ
ten parental consent must be obtained for a
cadet to continue in the program when grades
DRUGS OR ALCOHOL
Cadets will have no involvement with
drugs or alcohol; this is an ABSOLUTE rule.
If you are interested in getting involved
with the new 4-H SAR. You may contact
Raneva Dowty at the Fire & Safety office in
Warm Springs. Their phone number is 553
1634. pal chief, with 56 percent of the vote. As a
demonstration of confidence in her leader
ship, in 1991, she was reelected to the office,
receiving 82 percent of the votes!
"Among numerous accolades Mankiller
has received while she has led the Cherokee
Nation are: the Humanitarian Award, Ford
Foundation, National Conference of Chris
tians and Jews (1994); and National AAUW
American Association of University
Women Achievement Award (1993); and
the National Women's Hall of Fame (1993).
Ladies Home Journal included Mankiller in
its 100 Most Important Women in America
(1088); Ms Magazine named her its Woman
of the Year (1987); and she was included in
Newsweek's cover story, "Celebration of
Heroes" 1987. She received an honorary
doctor of laws degree from Mills College
( 1 992) ; and honorary degree from Dartmouth
College (1991); and honorary doctorate in
humane letters from Yale University (1990);
and an honorary doctorate in public service
from Rhode Island College ( 1 989). "Although
the Cherokee Nation has received interna
tional media focus and public interest as a
result of her leadership, Mankiller insists
that the achievements during her term of
office could not have been accomplished
without the work and support of others. She
manages a $76 million budget." (Ac-lion
Newspaper, Volume XXI3 March 1 995 page
fering perspectives. It is hoped that this mix
of ideas and perspectives will produce inno
vative ways to meet future food production
needs while protecting the environment. Co
leaders for the OSU program are Torres;
Judith Li, professor of fisheries and wildlife,
and Ataa Akyeampong, a professor in OSU's
Educational Opportunities Program. A
$50,000 grant from the U.S. Department of
Agriculture and matching university funds
will support the scholarships.
Dr Torres says that there is a need for
professionals who understand and represent
the views of the U.S. population as a whole.
A diverse work force is essential to provide
the needs of a multi-ethnic society and to
complete in world markets. That is why ma
jor corporations provide diversity training
opportunities for all employees and stimulate
the promotion of diversity values.
This scholarship program might prove to
be a valuable asset for our community high
school students that are considering college.
If you would like to find out more please
contact the OSU Extension office.