Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 20, 1987)
Warm Springs, Oregon
November 20, 1987 PAGE 3
Warning: The Surgeon General has
determined that cigarette smoking
is dangerous to your health
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M adras HighS chool OSS OM members spoke to Madras Elementary students to discourage them from
smoking. OSSOM members advocate a healthy lifestyle. Pictured are (left to right) Angela Krueger,
unidentified woman, and Dorian Solix.
OSSOM stresses youth
Students at Madras High School
have discovered a way to prevent
injuries to youth on the highways
and to help the community become
aware that there are too many
teenage deaths due to traffic acci
Many of these accidents are a
direct or indirect result of alcohol
nd other drugs, peer pressure,
lack of knowledge. Regardless of
the reason, the fact exists that
numerous teenagers are involved
in traffic accidents.
To encourage safety and youth
prevention activities, Oregon Stu
dent Safety on the Move(OSSOM)
has been formed by M HS students.
Based on a statewide club organ
ized by the State Traffic Safety
Free BPSugar testing
Over the next few months Moun
tain View Hosptial and Nursing
Home will be converting to a new
more efficient computer system.
According to Frank Krueger, the
hospital's controller, the new sys
tem will allow the District to pro
cess data in-house which will elim
inate the use of Portland based
firms printing patient bills. Krueger
said the new system allows each of
Mountain Views'account represen
tatives the ability to pull informa
tion up onto the computer screen
at their desk. Prior to converting to
the new system, account represen
According to the World Health
Organization WHO, an annual average
of 2.5 million people die prema
turely from tobacco-related diseases.
Cigarettes are linked in deve
loped countries to 80 percent of all
deaths from lung cancer, 75 per
cent of deaths from chronic bron
chitis and 25 percent of deaths
Teenagers seek treatment
Although the number of youths
drinking alcohol and taking drugs
has declined since the high level use
during the 1970's, more youths are
seeking treatment for alcoholism.
Approximately 3.3 million teen
agers between 14 and 1 7 are show
ing signs of developing serious alcohol-related
problems, says spokes
man for Freedom '87, a national
A follow-up meeting to hear tri
bal members' concerns was held at
the Agency Longhouse November
5. The meeting was well attended
and concerns mentioned were very
much like those brought up in the
first meeting in October.
Former Council member Bernice
Mitchell, voicing support for the
budget, said she thought the budget
was big, but that it was for "safety
and protection. We're trying our
very best to look out for you. The
protection is here for all people on
the reservation." She continued,
stating "we have to ask if our
money is being spent wisely. We're
wise people, we know what's best."
Tony Suppah mentioned many
concerns, such as consultants, lack
of sensitivity, people drawing dou
ble salaries and many concerns
with the garment factory.
In answering questions and state
ments about the police department.
Chief of Police Ray Calica said
that "we're just as confused as you
are." He stated that the 15 task
force studies that have been con
ducted have caused that confusion.
Calica has promoted anti-drunk
driving enforcement among his offi
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Commission, the club stresses youth
traffic safety and youth prevention
The club is open to any students
wishing to improve self-confidence
and develop pride by learn
ing how to work with others. The
goal of the club is to promote atti
tudes and lifestyles that will decrease
Prevention Intervention coordi
nator at Madras High School and
club advisor Bonnie Souers says
the interest among students is over
whelming. Five meetings are sche
duled weekly to accomodate the 76
OSSOM supports drug-free
youth activities and does not advo
cate or condone actions that are
against the law. The club's pro
tatives had to search for the infor
mation on print put sheets. Not
only was the old system time con
suming and combersome, bills did
not always reflect the current sta
tus of the patients account.
Another benefit cited by Krueger
is that, once on line, the new sys
tem, known as AR Mediquest will
not bill an eligible patient directly
until after their insurance company
has paid the covered amount. This
new feature should reduce much of
the confusion associated with the
hospital billing process.
Officials also said that once the
P . -.
linked to deaths
from heart disease, according to
WHO Advisory Committee on
Smoking and Health expert Dr.
At the Sixth World Conference
on Smoking and Health, experts
urged governments to protect non
smokers from other's smoke, ban
smokeless tobacco and regularly
conference on addiction.
Robert Bombay said, what wor
ried addiction experts was not the
overall number of young drinkers
but the core of excessive abusers.
Overall, numbers are going down
but many youths are showing alco
cers in the past. "Vve re trying to
make our streets safe and trying to
keep families together.. .if we cut
back" the number of officers, then
"we lose relatives."
Council member Janice Clements
asked, "What is it we're not doing
right? We have to be a team." She
went on to reflect on the past, say
ing, "I remember the days when
there wasn't anything here. Now
our people are in debt. Our kids
have never had to work hard. They've
never been without. That's why
kids are the way they are."
Nina Rowe an appellate court
judge, expressed her "surprise" at
the peoples' attitudes. "I've heard
only generalities, there have been
no specific charges and there have
been no cases filed (with the appe
late court) regarding the things
that have been said. ..I'm surprised
that a tribe of our stature and repu
tation has gone as far as we have
Rudy Clements stated that "meet
ings like this are painful but neces
sary. No pain, no gain. Tribal
Council has listened and they have
done their best to express things
and not take a positu n." Through
I V t 4
. 1 w,
KIDNEYS 1 Y
grams address student safety
through prevention and interven
Prevention occurs by preventing
youth from making decisions that
might jeopardize their personal
health and safety or the safety of
others. Intervention involves inter
vening in a situation when health
or safety of a student or health or
safety of others is involved.
Activities sponsored by OSSOM
members are scheduled for the year
and include: a campaign against
drinking and driving, especially
during the holiday season; the
teaching of refusal skills to elemen
tary grade students; a three-on-three
basketball tournament pro
moting drug-free activities; a coed
softball tournament; and, a fund
raising button sale,
new system is fully' operational,'
admitting time should be cut signif
icantly. This Will be especially true
for patients previously admitted to
Mountain View since most of the
required information will already
be on the system. All of these
improvements should save the Dis
trict money and reduce patient bil
ling errors, v ? v. " t?-: ; (
Any questions about the new bil
ling forms should be directed to '',
Mountain view nospnai ana curs
ing Home account representatives,
between 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m.'
raise taxes on tobacco products.
They emphasized that all countries'
should work towards establishing
smoke-free environments in. all
enclosed places especially work sites,
transport and health care facilities,
schools and child care facilities.
his position as training services direc
tor, Clements has had the oppor
tunity to work with many court
and police employees. He has learned
from those encounters. "The best
way to get honest, unbiased and
objective input is to speak directly
to the employees. But sometimes
Clements suggested that prison
ers be released so they could work
ontheirGEDs. He also suggested a
court workshop to inform the pub
lic on how the court system oper
ates and how to use it.
Cigarette smoking is a major
factor leading to heart disease.
I he link between cigarette smok
ing and lung cancer and chronic
lung disease has been known for
years. However, knowledge of the
link between cigarette smoking and
diseases of the heart and blood ves
sels is more recent.
Each year. nearly one million
Amcricansdicof heart attack, stroke
and related disorders-more than all
other causes of death combined.
And nearly 40 million Americans
have some form of these diseases.
Smoking and the Circulation
We do not fully understand
everything about how cigarette
smoking increases the risk of heart
disease. We do understand the effects
of both the nicotine and carbon
monoxide on the heart and blood
When you smoke a cigarette, the
nicotine makes the heart beat fas
ter. As a result, the heart is forced
to work harder and needs more
oxygen. To make things even worse,
the carbon monoxide from the
tobacco smoke cuts down the
amount of oxygen carried in the
blood to the heart.
Hardening of the Arteries
Hardening of the arteries is a
build-up of fatty deposits on the
inner walls of the arteries. This
narrows the blood
vessels. The heart must then work
harder to pump blood through the
narrowed blood vessels. This is a
major cause of heart attack and
Smokers are more likely than
non-smokers to have hardening of
the arteries of the heart and the
main artery. Also, the disease in
smokers is more likely to be worse
than in non-smokers.
Smoking and Peripheral
Smoking is a major risk factor
of peripheral vascular disease. This
disease is a narrowing of blood ves
sels which carry blood to the leg
and arm muscles. If a blood clot
blocks an already narrowed artery,
then the result Could be the damage
or even loss of an arm or leg.
Most people with this disease
who develop some form of block
age are smokers. People who stop
smoking can reduce the severity of
the disease. Also, if surgery is re
quired, it is more, likely to be suc
cessful in people who stop smoking.
Diabetes is a major risk factor
for peripheral vascular disease. Dia
betics who smoke cigarettes are at
even greater risk.
Smoking and Heart Attack
Ciearette smoking is One of three
, major risk factors of heart attack.
J.-The other two are high blood pres
sure and high levels of fat (choles-
-terol) in the blood. Cigar
ette smoking increases the risk even
more in persons who also have
high blood pressure and or high
blood cholesterol. The risk of heart
attack increases with the number
of cigarettes smoked. " .
Persons who smoke a pack of
cigarettes a day have more than
twice the risk of heart attack than a
person who has never smoked.
And the risk for a smoker of more
than a pack ot cigarettes a day is'
three times greater.
Smokers who have a heart attack
have less chance for survival than a
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Dale Spencer, H arm Springs Elementary custodian, barrricades the road
ensures student safety while they are on the playground.
person who docs not smoke. And
by continuing to smoke after a
heart attack, the person's chance
for a second attack increases.
Angina pectoris is a condition in
which chest pain occurs as a result
of the heart muscle not getting
enough oxygen. Cigarette smoking
reduces the amount of oxygen
going to the heart muscle and
makes the heart beat faster, thus
needing more oxygen. In this way,
cigarette smoking can reduce the
amount of activity a person with
angina can do before the onset of
Heart Disease and Chronic
Smoking is the main cause of
chronic lung diseases (chronic bron
chitisand emphysema). Thescchron
ic lung diseases put additional pres
sure on the heart and may result in
heart failure when heart disease is
Smoking and the Birth
Women who use the pill have a
greater risk of having a heart attack
than women who do not use oral
contraceptives. A combination of
using the pill and smoking cigarettes
increases a woman's risk of heart
attack even more.
Smoking and Teenagers
The earlier a person begins smok
ing cigarettes, the greater the risk
to the smoker's health in future
years. As a teenager, the risk of
Ways to quit smoking
Throw out all cigarettes by breaking them in half and wetting them
down. Clean out all ashtrays in your home, office, or car and put
them away. Discard matches; hide lighters, or give them away.
When the urge to smoke hits, take a deep breath. Hold it a second,
then release it very, very slowly. Taking deep, rhythmic breaths is
similar to smoking, only you'll inhale clean air, not poisonous
Exercise to help relieve tension. Climb stairs rather than take the
elevator, park the car a block or two from your destination and
walk the rest of the way. At home; practice touching your toes, jog,
in place, do jumping jacks.
When tempted to reach for a cigarette, think of a negative image
about smoking. Select your worst memory connected with the
habit-the time you burned a hole in your suit or when you were left
completely breathless running for a bus that pulled away. Imagine
this experience for 15 seconds whenever the urge occurs.
Reward yourself with oral substitutes in the same way you may
have used cigarettes. Good examples: sugarless gum, lemon drops,
pumpkin or sunflower seeds, apple slices, carrot sticks, unbuttered
popcorn ana suck cinnamon.
Eat three or more small meals.
sugar levels, thus helping to prevent urges to smoke. Avoid sugar
laden foods and spicy items that can trigger a desire for cigarettes.
Scramble up your day and change habits connected with smoking.
Drive a different route to work; eat lunch in a new place; leave the
"scene of an urge." At home, avoid your "smoking chair" after
dinner, reach for gum rather than a cigarette when answering the
Cleanse your body of nicotine. Drink liquids lots of them. Water
(6-8 glasses a day), herbal teas, fruit juices and caffeine-free soft
drinks all fit the bill. Pass up coffee, caffeinated soft drinks and
alcohol, as they can increase your urge to smoke.
Keep your hands and mind busy. Work on a crossword puzzle,
knit a sweater, balance your checkbook, fix something around the
house, shampoo the dog. Keep your fingers busy with a straw or a
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heart attack in later life seems a
very remote danger. However, even
teenagers begin to develop signs of
disease, such us coughing, decreas
ed stamina and a fast heart rate.
Ihcse conditions will worsen and
may develop into heart disease or
chronic lung disease as the person
continues to smoke.
Low Tar and Nicotine
NOCIGARETTES ARE SAFE.
1 he low tar and nicotine cigarettes
are not as bad as those high in tar
and nicotine. However, the risk of
death by heart attack is still greater
for smokers of any cigarettes than
In addition, many smokers in
switching to lower tar and nicotine
cigarettes, smoke more and inhale
deeper to make up for less nicotine.
As a result, the smoker is exposed
to more of the other harmful sub
stances in the smoke which may
increase the risk of disease.
Why you should stop
When you stop smoking, regard
less of how long or how much you
have smoked, your risk or heart
disease will be reduced eventually.
Ten years after quitting, the risk of
death from heart disease is almost
the same as if you had never smok
ed. It is important to stop smoking
before the signs of heart disease
appear. The risk of heart attack
will not return to normal after
heart disease has occurred, but still
it will be lower. Don't wait until
you have heart disease, STOP
This maintains constant blood
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