Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 1, 1986)
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SPILYAY TYMOO WAKM SI'KINCS, OKKCON 97761 August 1, 1986 Page .
Impact of forest activities ShoshoneBannocks admitted
on watershed Studied to continuing fishing case
The relationship between forests
and water is a closely interrelated
one. Disturbance of the forest near
streams and rivers may have an
impact on these water resources.
The importance of this relation
ship and the impact of forest activi
ties on woodland streams is the
focus of a study being done by
natural resources women's job
program employee Fritz Miller.
Applying knowledge gained as a
student in the University of Oregon
environmental sociology degree
firogram, Miller is collecting data
rom streams on the reservation to
measure the impact of forest activi
ties. Looking at harvest methods and
measuring acreage over the past
ten years, Miller records areas
affected by harvest including road
systems, salvages, burns and rehabi
Collected data will assist tn devel
oping more complete watershed
management plans aimed exclu
sively at the reservation. With the
information, computer predictions
will help determine the effect
particular harvest methods would
have on an area. Recommendations
can, then, be made prior to sale
An adequate supply of quality
water is necessary to maintain stocks
for both human and wildlife con
sumption. Water is also needed for
commercial, agricultural and indus
trial uses. Protection of the water is
The value of the analysis is
important in protection of the reser
vation's resources. Miller expresses
that importance. "If we can work
to the benefit of the land, it is the
best we can do...IVe always liked
the land. I'm tired of seeing it mismanaged.''
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Fritz Miller measures harvested forest acreage used in determining
impart offomt activities cn watersheds.
course offered 86-15
gies in Indian country and also to
provide the informational tools in
planning, economics and hydrology,
that are vital to the success of any
comprehensive water management
effort. A1RI officials said that
potential users may crowd the mar
ket for this valuable and limited
resource and tribes need to protect
their hard-won water entitlements.
For more information or to regis
ter for the course, you may write to
AIRI at 319 MacArthur Blvd.,
Oakland, California 94610.
Time management needed for good grades
l he American Indian Resources
Institute (AIRI) California is
ottering a summer com c nugusiu
to 1 5 dealing with the management
of tribal water. The course will take
place at the ' University of New
Mexico School of Law in Albu
querque, New Mexico.
This is the institute's second
annual course on tribal water
management. Its purpose is to pre
sent the law and policy which in
fluence water management strate-
The Shoshone-Bannock tribe of
southeastern Idaho was admitted
recently as a party to the ongoing,
18-year old Columbia River fish
ing case, United States v. Oregon. Fed
eral District Judge Edward Leavy,
recently assigned to the case after
the death of Judge Walter Craig
who had presided for the past
seven years, made the decision dur
ing a hearing in Portland.
Judge Leavy told the Shoshone
Bannocks that he might put limita
tions on their party-intervenor sta
tus if the tribe tries to block a fish
management plan that is close to
being completed after nearly three
years of negotiations. Participants
in the plan's lengthy negotiation
include the four Columbia River
treaty tribes the Yakima, Warm
Springs, Umatilla and Nez Perce
Oregon, Wahsington, Idaho, two
federal fish agencies, and the U.S.
Department of Justice. (The actual
parties in U.S. v Oregon are the
above-mentioned tribes and states
and United States.)
The judge also said the court
would wait to define the nature and
The commerical fishing seasons
for the main stem Columbia River
are not set by the tribal Fish and
Wildlife committee. They can only
recommend which ODtion thev
would like to be adopted by the
Compact (the states of Oregon and
The options are developed by
the Technical Advisory Committee
(TAC) which is composed of biolo
gists from the Compact states, the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Idaho State and the four treaty
tribes of the Columbia Inter-Tribal
Fish Commission. CRITFC also
has representation on the Technical
The TAC members develop fish
ing options by evaluating past runs,
projecting preliminary sizes for the
present, estimating cumulative unit
per effort (CUPE) which is the
number of fishermen expected to
participate in the fishery, and run
timing (early, late, average). This
also includes projecting the number
of fish to be harvested, number of
escapement, etc. The fishery is de
signed to protect the low number
of fish, the weaker stocks and to
harvest the target species of fish.
This is where options are designed
through the "what if game. This
includes what if we restrict mesh
size to protect one species of fish,
what if we add or subtract days,
what if we only fish so many days
per week, etc.
All the options are evaluated
and presented to the various fishing
groups, in our case, to the Columbia
River Inter-Tribal Fish Commis
sion, and they in turn testify at the
Compact, stating which option they
want and the reasons for it. The
Fish and Wildlife committee
recommends but the Compact
adopts the fishing regulations.
by Lenora Kim Starr
"Time to get up!" "Get ready for
school!" and "Is your homework
done?" echo through many houses
during the school year. These can
drive parents to the edge and such
commands are usually ignored by
their chidlren. However, that all
has to change once the student
enters college. Parents are replaced
by alarm clocks and the students
own initiative to get their homework
done. Heaven knows there is a lot
of homework, and without proper time
management and good study habits,
a student lessens his chance of
surviving in college.
Six students from Warm Springs
have taken the initiative by achiev
ing grade point averages of 3.00 or
better (A or B averages) at several
universities and colleges for the
1986 spring term. They are:
Roxanne Langnese with 3.58 at
Boise State University; Marcus
Moseley with 3.67 at Pacific North
west College; Doug Manion with
3.27 at the Universityof Idaho;
Keeley Keene Linn with 3.8 at the
University of Hawaii; Ronald T.
Nelson with a 3.5 at Mt. Hood
Community College and Darryl D.
Scott with a 3.18 at Yakima Com
Good study habits, proper time
management and the realization of
their potential can be the difference
between a student succeeding or
failing in their studies.
According to Tim Walter and AI
Siebert, co-authors of the book
STimrT SUCCESS: How to.
Do Better In College and Still Have
Time for Your Friends, say, "Study
habits either help you or handicap
There are hundreds of books
published at learning aids for stu
dents. Most of them stress the
importance of time management.
Marcus Moseley and Darryl D.
Scott tell us of a typical day of
school for them.
Moseley is working towards a
Bachelor of Arts degree in Graphic
Arts. Hell be transferring to Par
sons School of Design in New
York this fall to study graphic
illustration and taking classes like
color theory, photography, paint
ing, design illustration, art history
and English. Moseley treats his
school day like a working day,
starting at eight a.m. and attending
classes as usual. Because Moseley
is an art major, he plans his classes
around the light. The light is better
in the morning for sketches, so
Moseley schedules his drawing
classes for the morning and in the
afternoon he schedules his painting
and color classes because the light
is better in the afternoon. In the
evening, after dinner, Moseley does
acedemic work starting with the
most difficult subjects and then
sticks "with it until it's done."
Darryl D. Scott also treats his
school day like a work day, starting
at 8 a.m. to attend classes in
pharmacology, geriatrics, anatomy
and physiology of aging and intro
duction to reproductive health. He
is a transfer student from Yakima
Community College and is currently
attending Central Oregon Com
munity College where he will earn
his associates degree in health advo
cacy in August, 1986.
Darryl tries to get the most use
out of his time, studying in between
classes and constantly reviewing
his notes whenever he has spare
time. Spare time for Scott is pretty
rare. Scott is married with children
and is working fulll-time. He says
that the extra work causes stress
but his wife helps him in relieving
the stress by watching the children.
He is careful not to get too stressed
and sets time aside for himself for
prayer and or for relaxation.
Moseley and Scott have devel
oped efficient time schedules which
have helped them attain their high
grade point averages.
According to Walter and Siebert
students should purchase a monthly
calendar with spaces that can be
filled in with important dates, obli
gations and other appointments.
After preparing a monthly sched
ule, a weekly schedule should be
filled with a schedule of your classes,
study hours and other obligations.
To prepare an effective schedule
Walter and Siebert suggest the
1. Establish a well-defined and
reasonable schedule, on that you
can live with.
2. Budget time to prepare for
each class and all examination.
3. Budget time to take care of all
of your other personal responsibi
lities. 4. Study course notes as soon as
possible after each class period,
rather than waiting until the last
few days before the exam.
5. Give difficult subjects pre
ferred times with the fewest possible
interruptions and disturbances.
6. Reserve time for leisure activi
ties and make sure that you do not
study during these periods.
7. Stick to your schedule and
reward yourself for having achieved
your study goals in the allotted
Another good habit to get into is
to make copies of your schedules
and post them where you will be
able to see them at a glance.
Scheduled arenlt any good if you
don act on them.
scope of the Shoshone-Bannock's
fishing rights. The four Columbia
River tribes and the southeastern
Idaho tribe have different treaties
with the federal government. The
four tribes' treaties are the Steven
and Palmer treaties of 1866; while
the Shoshone-Bannock have the
Fort Bridger Treaty of 1868.
In the same case, Judge Leavy
denied a motion by Idaho to clarify
that state's party-intervenor status
in the litigation. (Idaho was made a
party to the case in May, 1985.)
Special Assistant U.S. Attorney George
Dysart told the judge that Idaho
was asking the court to "make
Idaho a super party with veto over
the actions or desires of the other
According to Tim Wapato, Exec
utive Director of CRITFC,"Idaho
was objecting to not being given an
opportunity to sign a proposed
1986 agreement on managing fall
chinook and coho stocks even
though Idaho said it couldn't agree
with the entire plan, which is what
Clive J. Strong, attorney for
Idaho, argued that Idaho was simply
asking the court to "more fully
define what participation means."
The four Columbia River tribes,
Oregon, Washington and the Uni
ted States opposed Idaho's motion.
Judge Leavy denied the motion
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ru. Vn4a,a nt FnreioH Wars and Auxillarv oresented checks totalint
S200 to Social Services supervisor Gayle Rodgers to be used by the senior
citizens group which will be traveling to Expo V6 in Vancouver, B. C. The
elders had been doing beadwork and selling it to raise funds. Earlier this
summer unkown persons broke into the Senior Center and stole the
beaded items. To help the elders, the VFW donated the funds.
or warmind fire
firSt HOW TO BUILD IT
Ti SELECT A SPOT A SAFE DISTANCE
:.ViTiK L -Z r v fkom trees, hush on down
ClEA A -FOOT CIRCLE TO MINERAL
SOIL. REMOVE LEAVES, NEEOLES AND
MATERIAL THAT WILL BURN . SCRAPE
l OUT A SECTION IN THE CENTER.
6-FOOT CIRCLE CLEARED
ROCKS MAY IE USED- THEY MAKE A
FLAT AREA AND CONDUCT HEAT.
a I. IN YOUR FIRE LAY USE DRY
TWIGS OR NEEDLES
2. INCREASE THE SIZE OF THE FUEL
r3. ADD LARGE MATERIAL LAST AND
N LEAVE AIR SPACES.
To Lorgeit Pivctl
then HOW TO PUT IT OUT
LET THE FIRE DIE DOWN - DON'T "THROW ANOTHER LOG ON THE FIRE
JUST BEFORE YOU INTEND TO GO HOAnt
SEPARATE" THE BURNING PIECES, BUT
KEEP THEM WITHIN THE FIRE AREA.
DO NOT BURY FIRE. MIX MINERAL
SOIL WITH HOT COALS AND ASHES
TO COOL AND SMOTHER FIRE.
..i'fvV- - Mi. Soil
MAKE SURE THE FUEL IS COOL AND
THE FIRE DEAD OUT BEFORE YOU
OR WITH WATER
POUR WATER ON FIRE. WET GROUND
AROUND THE FIRE.
POUR MORE WATER ON I Mt FIRE,
STIRRING IN WELL WITH SHOVEL
OR STICK .
VAtE SURE THE FUEL S COOL 0
T( IE -OROWNEO" BEFORE YOU