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About Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980 | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1920)
B. T,i";Kht atiA Thursday fair
On?i 11 "
ht to heavy trusts in mornins; gi-n-lle
,tJ'!n temperature 47, max.
mean i. No rainfall. River S.S
YHIRD YEAR. NO. 114.
,.r..hinrton. May 12. Democratic
stack upon the republican peace res
button was launched today by Sena
tor Hitchcock of Nebraska, adminis
tration spokesman who declared in
sjdrfssiiisr the senate that the meas
ure was futile and inconsistent and
inimical to the treaty of Versailles.
i-hp mountain has labored and
kraueht forth a mouse," he said.
"Great expectations for an act of
congress that would force a peace set
tlement are to be disappointed. High
hnnes that a resolution by congress
muld be made to perform the tunc
tioM of a peace treaty are abandon
ed. Instead of a peace settlement to
be forced by a. resolution of manda
tory requirements as the price of sev
win commercial relations, we are
merely to repeal the war declaration,
declare the war at an end and invite
th president to negotiate a separate
Resolution Is Fourth
Mr. Hitchcock cited three similar
resolutions which ' he said had been
sponsored since last November by
Senator Knox of Pennsylvania author
of the pending resolution. The latter,
Mr. Hitchcock said, is the fifth peace
resolution offered by the republican
"In reaching this important con
clusion," he said of the pending mens
tire, "the supporters of the novel plan
have staggered from side to side over
a ilg-zag course for nearly si
Senator Hitchcock denied that con
gress has the power to make peace
although it has authority to declare'
war. The states voted unanimously
against givhig congress peace making
jurisdiction, he said. -' "
Senator Knox's recent argument
that the war actually was at an end
was conceded by Mr. Hitchcock, who
"Then why this resolution? Hostil
ities ceased 18 months ago and our
army was reduced to a peace basis.
Since that time commerce has been
resumed. We have sold hundreds of
millions of dollars worth of products
to Germany and purchased much from
her. The war which the senator from
Pennsylvania proposes to end by this
, resolution does not by his own admis
"What then is the senator from
Pennsylvania attempting to do by
this measure, which he calls a reso
lution to terminate the war? He is
making an utterly futile and hopeless
attempt to make a peace settlement"
with. Germany to take the place of
the Versailles treaty.
"Instead of declaring' peace," he
said, "the Knox resolution declares
the war at tin end. Thus we have rais
(ContlAued on page four)
Noble Work of Salvation Army on
Battle-Scarred field of France
"usk came wtih unusual rapidity, it ,
-ea, that day. It crept aver the
lowlands engulfing the uneven stage
"'here the sanguinary drama of war
m been staged that day in a shroud
of darkness. So swift it came that it
'wght have been God's move to con
c?al the terror of that May dav and
til . t face from the ttwful cene
mat had been enacted there. Or dark
ess might have been hastened bv the
Wlnig sea of smoke that hung like a
, 3ust ahead of the advancing
. Far behind, against the gray of
Jorin, faint outline of the ruins of
Hontd,dier as they reach heavnward
i suppliance for divine recognition,
,7 be !. On all sides, in the
l, the rain, the broken terrain, lay
Some wore gray, others were
l cloaked in tattered khaki and
Soldier Lad Wounded.
, ' 8tewart groaned. He at
. nptd to raise himself on his elbow,
" !ank back, pitiously moaning.
MAT?M limp' hIs ht leg was
bL!? numb- Slackening blood
"roke the nth..i .
- c.....r,ini5 paiior on ms race,
uncertain light of onrushing
even the freckles ,that, with his
"n him his name, seemed to
2 hi"- his agony of
. ne saw the dead and mancled
"urrounded him bmu, i hi.
,uHe had been left to die!
rush of battle ambulances
L COTlft nr. -,., ...
ti-u f.i. . - " uen nea-Btewart
Wl he probably did seem dead
tim. V . her further.with for the'Salvatlon Army played more, sang.
AngeU" Come to Aid.
.i.i8, na!f runnln and craB..
Wkst '"e"la weight of their
han i glr1 they seemed not more
ore v , Wade their wsy The"
tiKd-env-T"1 thelr unlt' wore
srmuJ,! he Station Army en their
marl, name on the'r kits was tin
re1 by war
'Rert'. . ' ' .
They lowered their narks !
. i IflUVfU. i III. pins
'rom ,k., T5 low
' r hi. ,"t,UIUer- H was a long
j ,he post- But they 118,1
ihemVi, nwe,vrto auty- Between
WUm Carri1,S "Red" dip of the
tt ,..north end and well known to
H,re ,v ho Pat'Ol'd that ' beat
JlCn" of w-back over the
P'm. to the Salvation Army
S"r ,rMurn'J rapidly to the
th,. - ..
,. . l 'w had scomeH
The days i
10 !a-,a .
of ""-u "wmea free of the stingi
- ia- u--;a .-,..!!.. ,
thr ""c,"" W1MCIWU
"e attendants at the & A 1
Letter Writt"' I
Portland "Red." mother!
Nor thwest Artists 3 Work
Before Salem People
1 ne exhibition of work by artist nf
the Pacific northwest which opened in
tne sample room of the Hotel Marion
this afternoon, under the auspices of
tne Salem Arts league, inspires one
with confidence, not only in the north
west's artistic future, but in its artistic
present. There are a number of things
about the pictures that show a mark
ed assurance. A number of exhibitors
are not as yet represented, however,
owing to delay In shipping. The ex
hibition is free to the public, hours of
viewing to be from S to 5 o'clock in
the afternoons . and from 7:30 to 9
o'clock in the evenings, the days of ex
hibition to include Thursday and Fri
day. Every lover of art in Salem should
avail himself of the opportunity of
seeing so splendid an exhibit, which if
not large, is at least representative,
and higher in quality than any here
tofore brought to Salem. Nor should
ene visit suffice. An art exhibition re-l
visited the second time confirms sober
Judgment, shatters first impressions,
undeceives and discloses new beau
ties. One is apt to be misled by one's
personal taste for color or particular
object at first glance at a canvas.
Some, for instance love trees, moun
tains or sea. It seems difficult to make
them inartistic, yet It is possible.
The unfolding of new beauties is
one of the pleasantest sensations imag
inable. Some quiet picture in a corner
develops an endearment suddenly, and
that-alone Is worth going far to obtain.
Among the notable canvases is
Pool in the Desert," by Robert Aiken,
which has been lent to the league by
Mrs. F..W. Spencer, a cousin of the
celebrated artist. The- picture .was
Shrine Patrol Is
For Good Showing
The Salem Shrine club patrol, com
posed of 27 men and led by Captain
Joseph McAllister, passed in review
before high officials of the Al Kader
patrol of Portland In the armory last
night. The officials from Portland
were: A. H. Lea, potentate of Al Ka
der temple Hal T. Hutchinson, first
lieutenant of Al Kader patrol of
Portland, and Harvey Wells, first cer
emonial master of the Portland pa
trol. The Salem club patrol was highly
commended for Its good showing, and
was invited to participate In excurs
ions throughout the west this summer,
as well as to take part in the tetanic
Shrine ceremonies 4n Portland next
Month. M. L. Meyers, Allan A. Hall
and Dave W. Eyre are ptherofficlals
in the Salem patrol,
That Aid is Asked
Months had passed and no
word from her boy. He had told his
buddy there was no use to write he
bade nothing to write about. But pow
he was furnished a topic. He wrote
his first letter.
"Dear Mother: Youse perhaps will
be surprised to hear from me. But I
want to tell you that I am going to
shoot straight from now on. I didn't
know that people was any good at all,
thought I was any good, until last
week. Mitmma, If you ever get a half
uv chance do what you can for the
Salvation Army they're down on Sec
ond street, you know.
"I laughed when you told me about
God. I couldn't figger there was such
a thing when I used to lay in the can
and the eops would brow-beat me. But
mamma, I'm sure that there is now.
He sent two angels to pick meiir when
the Pritizies had nipped me. Them
angels was girls o' the Salvation
. Army Ignored Here.
Last night the Salvation Army left
Its headquarters on State street. Their
march was slow, solemn as they made
their way p State street. They stop
pod in front of a pool hall. Form
ing a circle they played. Men, leaning
eareleasly up against the cigar case
and walls of the pool hall front, laugh
ed as the unsmiling men and women in
the colors of the Salvation Army sang.
They shuffled away as they stopped
playing and singing, and Ertsign Hunt-
n nnin n.,nt flfl f Ttlf
then. Ignored by the passersby, march
ed slowly back to headquarters.
"Bed's" Lesson Lingers.
In the rush of war "Red" Stewart
has become lost by those who recall
the touching drama east of Montidier.
He might have died later on the field
of battle. But again, he might now
be wearing the uniform of that merci
ful band. No matter where he is, his
good wifhes, as those of many who
knew the Salvation Army over there,
so with the struggling crusaders. Had
he been there he would nave Drop
ped coins into the cap that was held
half bashfully forth.
In spite of this solicitors report re
buffs and failure when they canvass
the citv for aid to the Salvation Army
Salem's quota is 500O; but little more
than half of this has been raised.
Citizens would Surely raise this small
amount In half the time that the Sal
vation Army might continue its work
. ,, ,
of God, did tney out snow ui ' 6""'
-i, ... , t. i.M.wum ox mercy ju
1 " " - " .
France. This work was not eoniineu
so"-!v to s,-!ling doughnuts and coffee.
and'sniillngacroM the counter of post
purchased by the Snencers. sWik-I
after the atrist's death. For a long1
time it hung in the Metropolitan Art!
Museum, in New York Citv. Anntw
pitcure loaned by Mrs. L. S. Sheldon.
is a marine by scheeie. a pupil of Carl- " "ettr -am " London, sent tins is the question Mr. MoGee win' by rebel forces commanded by Generals Hill and Trevino, is fight
son, the famous marine artist it is a durtn the war' wa read to the senate Salem republicans. He will give ; . wrrat battle between San Marcos Fuebla. and the vil
charming thing, illustrative of the vl- naval investigating committee today h,a views concerning the league and , GPrate DatUe DCTWeen fcan A 18 TOO S, U turn , an
bration.ot colors. h' LJ, Z .c, T the treaty of versaim l&ge of Huamantla, ten nules northwest, m the state of Tlaxcai.
But of the real beautv nf n,
tures words, are inadequate, for as
Stevenson said: "But of works of art failed to "use Great Britain's great outlining Johnson's political record.
little can be said; their influence its naval superiority" effectively against ,n ,he Go'15" state as governor. It is
profound, and silent, like the influ- the submarines and called on Admiral expected that Co1- Welnstock will al
ence of nature: thev mold bv contact- oi . ' 80 tfeat on the Californian's accom-
we drink them up Uto water fare T" cmnta and wwerttont.pli.hm.nu with the progressive par
bettered, yet know not how." based on lndePendcnt thought" and ty.
puring the various periods of show-' wMhout regard to "judgments of any I Captain Leroy Hewlett, who is at
ing of the pictures, local folk versed in . one on tnat aide of the water." tne head of the Marion County John-
artistic things will be present to ex-! The admiralty was "helpless to the son for President club, will - be In
plain the merits of the various works, point 01 Panl" 'n the face of the sub- cnarge ot the meeting and will lntro
and answer questions. They have been marine situation, the message said. duce the speakers. The evening's pro
given the following 'assignments: j "Every plan we suggest they reject BX1" esrms at 8 o'clock sharp.
Wednesday afternoon Mrs, Alice H. for 8me reason of prudence," Mr.
Dodd, Mrs. H. D. Trover and Miss '
Wednesday evening Mr. and Mrs.
R. Monroe Gilbert, Mrs. Byron Brunk,
Mrs. Alan Hall and Mrs. F. H. Thomp
son. Thursday afternoon Mrs. B. J.
Miles, Mrs. G. W. Laflar and Mrs.
Thursday evening Mrs. L. B. Shel
don, Mrs. Chapler, Otto Paulus and
A. C. Barbour.
Friday afternoon Mrs, V. C. Bar
ton, Miss Laura Grant, Mrs. Louis
Lachmund, Mrs. Jennie Hoffman and
Mrs. L. B. Sheldon.
Friday evening Mrs. Alice H";
Dodd, Col. and Mrs. E. Hofer and
Prof. John Sites.
Placing the responsibility for the
gasoline shortage now faced by Ore
gon on the special legislates session
for its failure to repeal the law requir
ing gasoline sold In this state to i.'ieet
a test of 56 degrees specific gravity,
Governor Olcott In a statement isfiued
this afternoon declares his willingness
to go the limit of his authority in tid
ing over the present emergency. State
Treasurer Hoff in a statement issued
as state sealer declares that the state
weights and measures department will
suspend prosecutions where the law
governing the test of gasoline is vio
lated until this situation is relieved.
Both statements were issued in re
sponse to repeated appeals for relief
from the gasoline shortage from all
sections of the state. ' -
Emphasizing the seriousness of the
situation at the mouth of the Colum
bia, J. E. Roman, Astoria banker and
state representative from Clatsop
county, telephoned to State Treasurer
Hoff this afternoon proposing in be
half of the fishing Interest of Astoria
to defray the expenses of a special leg'
islative session for the annullment of
the specific gravity test if such a move
were necessary to bring about imme
diate relief. '
Reviewing the seriousness of the sit
uatlon, the law requiring the specific
gravity test, the failure of the 1920
legislature to afford relief and the ap
peals for executive suspension of the
operation of this act. Governor Olcott
In his statement declares:
"This office has been asked to sus
pend the operation of the law. The
executive office, or any other branch
of the state government except the
legislative branch, has, no authority
under theconstltutlon or otherwise to
suspend the operation of this law.
When the legislature failed to function
by repealing TJr amending th4 law, ave
nues for suspending its operation were
closed until the legislative authority
again has an opportunity to act.
"The constitution of the state, how
unfeiriiard aeainst situations .
ju such as the present one, or to rem- " lo"" mai regardless of future de
edy situations where a grave injustice velopments we can always count upon
may have" been worked, has extended j th support of the British navy."
to the executive office the power toj. The "rst waa tht the views he had
remit fines and to grant pardons. In j expressed were In all cases "an inde.
the light of such a constitutional pro-
vision I have no hesitation In saying
that the people of the state should
have no cause to fear that their indus
tries will be crippled and their social
well being menaced through the oper
ation of a law which has outgrown Its
usefulness and its place on the statute
books. Further, I sec no reason why
the officials of the oil companies
should hesitate to go ahead and im
port into the state all of the gasoline
necessary to place our industries and
the operation of cars back on a nor
"It Is the duty of the executive to
see that the laws are enforced. I also
conceive it to be his duty to protect
the people ot the state ,as far as it lies
within his delegated powers, against
damage or injury that might be sus
tained through the workings of some
ill-advteed- and unnecessary statute,
and that is Just what I Intend to do if
the occasion should arte?.
"A review of the action of the spe
cial legislative session on the meaeure
proposing the repeal of the pclfie
gravity test for gasoline in this state
rerealu th fact Mai tne measure i
passed the house unanimously with 48
members voting for it and eleven ab
sent. The measure was killed In the
senate, however, bj a vote of 14 to
April Fire Loss Big.
Nineteen fires in Oregon outside of
Portland resulted In an aggregate fire j
loss of $149,815, according to the,
monthly eport of A. C. Barber, state
jt W .v T.
nre msranai. ju ibu-j. -w. h.
with a fire loss estimated at $120,008
in a lumber mill head the list for the
4 :. - j
v 1 M
OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MAY 12,
of But Minor
Use to Navy
WV IV llUT
Washington, May 18. A confiden J
... ..... 1
by Secretary Daniels. It expressed
surprise that the British
P 1 vnmn admiralty
uson aaaea. "In my view this Is not
a time for prudence but for boldness
even at the cost of great losses."
Asked "Own" Advice. -In
conclusion, President Wilson
asked Admiral Sims to advise him as
he would give advice "if you were run.
ning a navy of your own."
Admiral Sims' reply, said Secretary
Daniels, who presented the president's
message in connection with his answer
to Sims' charges against the navy de
partment s conduct of the war, was "a
i,, . . .
long telegram of generalities of what
! the British admiralty was doing."
Mr. Daniels also read a letter from'
Admiral Sims to former Ambassador ;
fa.8,e at L.n ' W"1UeQ Ausust 7'1
1917, which in part said:
"In this connection I have a sugges-
tion to make.( I have received word,
practically directly from the president
that he was much displasead with my
reply to his eablegram; that it did not
cnange ms opinion at an; tnat ne re-.
gards me as owned by the admiralty 1
and so pro-British that he seriously
considered the advisability ot replac
ing me by some other officer."
Admiral Sims' reply to the president
told also of plans for a combined sea
and land attack to turn the German
rioiu uanK ana cut on zeeorugge as a
provisioning base, Mr. Daniels said.
Attack Too Late.
"That wan the kind of 'bold and au
dacious' thing the president and the
navy department had been urging from
our entrance into the war." declared
the secretary. '.'But even then, Ad
moral Sims said it had not been defi
nTtely decided on by the war council,
though the daring and; successful at
tack on Zeebrugge cunie much later.
It might have been a very different
story if It had been undertaken earlier
when the navy department was urging
some such bold plan ,all of which Ad
moral Sims thought 'impracticable'
when rged by the navy department."
Admiral Sims told the president he
had been shown studies of depart
ment's plans to prevent the egress of
submarines, Mr. Daniels said, and that
he considered the scheme impractica
ble. "He evidently sought to discredit
the navy department's plans by saying
that these earn suggestions and many
similar ones had been made by people
of all classes since the beginning of the
war," said Mr. Daniels.
Sims' cable to the president suggest
ed that the proper policy to pursue
was to adopt the recommendations ho
had made to tle department," "most
of which had been decided upon and
put in operation before Admiral Sims
suggested them," Secretary Daniels
Viged British Plan.
"He added'' the secretary continued,
"that we should adopt an organization
similar in all respects to the British
squadron and virtually transfer all na
vy authority to his headquarters in
Two "remarkable and significant
statements," in Admiral Sims' reply to
President Wilson were cited by Mr.
Daniels as evidence that the admiral
was "so mypnotlzed by British Influ
ences that he was willing to try to lure
tne President of the United States into
Penaent opinion based upon specific
facts collected in' the admiralty and
other government departments.'
second was as follows:
"Depend upon the fact .which I be
lieve to be true, that regardless of any
future developments we can always
count upon the support of the British
navy. I have been assured of this by
important government officials.
"it would be Interesting to know
what British government officials as
sured him that regardless of future
developments the United Stnteg can
always count upon the support of the
British navy," said Mr. Daniels. "It
seems Inconceivable that any admiral
could have regarded such assurances
worth paying tolls to transmit. Every
school boy should knowyhat in a dem
ocratic government no official could
pledge, his country's navy to support
another government regardless of fu
ture deevlopments. It is to be hoped
that if Admiral Sims has such assur
ances he will send a copy of the pledge
in writing with the name of the 'im
portant government officials- append-
ja thereto to be filed in the archives
' nt Bnns ti,v H, fllmnU '
CROWS FKIffCE XOT TAXED
The Hague, Apr. 29. Decision that
the former German crown prince and
his fellow exiles shall not pay any
rates of taxes has been reached by the
minister of the treasury. Their stay
,at wienngen is regarded as Being in-
voluntary because of their internment
Gceat excitement is reported in Hun-
gary because of the refusal of the
peace conferees to granj changes in
the Hungarian peace treaty.
To Be At Armory
Wednesday May 12
At the Salem armory, Wednesday
night May 12. Chas. A. A. McGes and
Col. Harris Welnstock will sneak in
advocacy of Senator Hiram Jnhnsnn
for president. Like their candidate,
both sneakers " California.
"Do you understand what th it.:
gUe Df nations means to America ?" i
welnstock will speak on John-,
son from a Californian's view point.
Action on Bean
Held up Again
Declaring that the day of four and
one half nercent. mnnev'. xpvpntv flv
. . .
;cent wheat and one dollar day wages
' , ,,, , a , no
j chairman of the state highway corn-
M " " t" "7kJV
Bta, board of control tni8 mornlng
urges immediate sale of the l,u00,-
00 Oissue of Bean-Barrett bonds at
the high bid of 89.09 offered by the
Lumbermen's Trust company of Port
land Tuesday. '
"Considering the present current
rate of Interest the bids received for
bonds very satisfactory," Benson's
telegram In reply to a query of the
board of control, reads. "Interest rate
will certainly go higher In near fu
ture. Obligations incurred demand im
mediate sale of bonds. Four and one
half percent money, seventy five cent
wheat, ten dollar lumber and dollar
day wages are things of past,
The action of the state board of
control on the bids submitted this
morning for the purchase of the $1,
000,000 issue of Bean-Barrett bonds
will depend In large measure upon re
plies of the state highway commission
to telegrams Jorwarded this afternoon
asking as to the urgency of the need
for this money.
"Do" you" consider situation as to
contracts and obligations of highway
commission of such serious nature
an1 demanding such immediate at-
tentlon as ts. require acceptance at
such a low figure," the query of the
board of control reads referring to
the bids submitted today ranging
from 89.09 down to 88.19 and involv
ing a discount. of approximately $109,
000 on the $1,000,000 Issue if the high
big should be accepted.
Unless the commissioners urge the
necessity of sacrificing the issue at
the bids submitted in order to, save
the credit of the state and protect the
contractors engaged in the construc
tion of post roads and forest pro
jects, it Is freely predicted here that
the board will reject the bids at their
meeting Wednesday morning.
The $1,000,000 issue now under con
sideration is part of $2,600,000 re
quested by the highway commission
several weeks ago the entire amount
being represented as necessary of lm
mdiate issue at that time,
May Cause Closing
Of Lincoln School
At the special session of the Salem
''school board Tuesday night, the di
rectors voted to close down the Lin
coln school should there be a recur
rence of smallpox. The two cases of
smallpox that have been reported from
this school section during the past
mouth Is the cause of this action. The
board first considered immediate clos
ing ot the school unless all pupils were
vaccinated. However, the second
course of procedure was adopted aft
er some members expressed the belief
that there was no Imminent , danger
Dr; R. E. Downs, school health of
ficer, called attention to the fact that
the first case of small pox came from
the Lincoln school during the recent
At that time about 75 per cent of
the pupils in attendance were vacci
nated, but a small number were pre
vented by their parents from . being
Disease Cnnse Loss.
About a month ago a pupil trow.,
this school became 111 with the dis
ease, necessitating closing of the
school for an entire day while the
building was thoroughly fumigated.
Ten days ago a second case ot small
pox was reported and the school again
closed and fumigated In an effort to
prevent a general outbreak of the dis
ease. Lots r f school time, serious Inter
ference with the school work and ex
pense and trouble for which .the tax
payers must pay, were given by Dr.
Downes as reason for closing the
school to pupils not vaccinated. "Ev
ery case of smallpox In the Lincoln
school h s been among un-immunlzed
children" states the health officer.
Mi Tina Dtnsdale, formerly gen
eral secretary of the t. W, C. A. at the
University ot Oregon, has cabled
friends at Eugene that she will return
j from Italy to resume her Oregon work
at the beginning of the next fall term
of school. . . , . tUB
if H j&-- I !
Carranza Force Caught In
Net of Rebel
Vera Cruz, May 11. (By The Associated Press). President
Venustiano Carranza's army of
according to advices received nere. ine struggle went on an uay
but no details have been reported.
Rebel reinforcements under com-1
mand of General Porras have been or- J
derail up from Cordoba, and have takV
en up positions at San Andres and!
Chalchicomula. southeast ot the scene
oftoday's battle, probably tor the pur
pose of preventing the escape ot Car
ranza, should he succeed In breaking
through the lines thrown around him.
Reports state the Carransa forces are
entrenched along the Mexican national
General Canadido Aguilar, son-ln-
law of President Carranza and govern-
or of the state ot Vera Crui, has aban
doned all chance uf escape from the
cuntry in an effort to join his superior
and share in his f?'e, says a dispatch
to El Dlctamen. Emissaries from
General Aguilar today conferred with
General Sanchei's chief of staff and
asked that their commander be per
mitted to pas sthrough tha rebel lines
toward San Marc-os. This request was
granted, but it was stipulated General
Aguilar must be accompanied only by
his general staff and civilians.
Conditions Near Normal.
Paul H. Foster, American consul
here, has reported to the state depart
ment In Washington that conditions
are returning to normal, that the lives
and property of foreigners have not
been molested and that there is no
reason for retaining United States war.
ships in Mexican waters, where they
may cause friction.
Felix Dtas, leader of a rebel group
In the state of Vera Cms, has asked
permission to leave the county, prom
ising he will take no further part la
political movements in Mexico. It Is
probable his request will be granted.
Muutinoras Walts Attack
Brownsville, Texas, May 12. Troops
loyal to President Carransa in Mata
moras, opposite here, the last large
town In .that section ot Mexico not
under rebel control, awaited in en
trenchments early today for the ex
pected attack by a force of approxi
mately 600 men, reported last night as
twnty five miles west of the city.i
From reliable soutoes.ln Matamoras
It was reported last night, however,
that the city might capitulate without
bloodshed. , -
It was suld that General Rafael Co
lunga, Carranza commander at Mata
moras, hd been in telegrphlo com
munlctlon with revolutionary head
quarters at Rio Bravo and that an
agreement to prevent fighting prob
ably would be made by Saturday,
Terror lU-Ign Reported
El Paso, Texas, May 12. A reign
of terror during which many Obregon
Sympathizers were Imprisoned and
some ot them shot, recently was stag
ed In Guadalajara, capital of Jalisco,
Inder orders of Governor Castollanos
and General Manuel M. Diegues, Car
ranza leaders, according to a bulletin
Issued here today by Luis Monies De
Oca, revolutionary consular repre
sentative at El Paso.
"All the members of the Liberal
club of the Obregon executive com
mittee and of other antl-Curranza
groups were locked up," the bulletin
"Several civilians suspected of
spreading propaganda for the new
movement were shot, Others were fore
ed to sign documents repudiating the
revolution, under threat of being
The bulletin said that the defeat of
Colonel Luis Alvares Qayou had been
confirmed, and that he had returned
to Guadalajara with only one third
of his forces.
To Hold Regular
The regular monthly meeting of the
Salem Commercial club will be held
at the club rooms at eight o'clock to
night, it was announced at the offices
of the club today. Cards placarding
the meeting have been mailed to all
members, urging them t attend.
A new and educational form of en
tertainment has been provided to fol
low the business semlon of the eve
ning. Description of this entertain
ment was not given In the cards sent
to members. SfTS
The business men and . Cherrlans
who went to Eugene today will return
tonight at 7:55 just five minutes be
for the meeting convenes at the club.
This will give them ample opportu
nity to attend.
Following the meeting a buffet
luncheon will be served in the game
halls of the club.
Eagle Pass, Texas, May 12. Piedras Negras, the Mexican
garrison town opposite Eagle Pass, was surrendered to the revo
lutionists at midnight last night. Not a shot was fired.
Washington, May 12. Walker' D. Hines, who retires Satur
day as director g-eneral of the railroad administration, will leave
this month for Europe to act as arbitrator in determining the
ownership of a number of vessels under the German flag operating
on the Danube, Elbe, Rhine and Oder rivers.
Washington, May 12. Legislation designed to aid the rail
roads and shippers in the car shortage situation by extend;
the use of the $300,000,000 revolving fund provided in the trarvs
oortation act from five to fifteen years and also amending tha
law in jother respects was agreed upon today by the senate inter
state commerce committee. - . .
Sare Four Paper
FOR THE BOY SCOUTS FOR
COLLECTION ON SATURDAY
price a en;';.:.
4.000 men Virtually SUrroimdM
In Home Desirra
In featuring talks on Interior dec
orating this winter, the Salem Artsj
league, has but anticipated a national
movement, for with Mrs. Grace It.
Wllmot's lecture at the library last
night, (a government employe). It
was made plain that America has at
last come to realize the necessity of
a nation wide feeling of art, which
should find a high form of expression
in American homes.
drs. Wllmot is a fluent, graceful
speaker, and held the attention ot
her audience without effort. The point
of emphasis in her lecture was stand
ardized decorating. This does not
mean that our homes should be ster
eotyped quite the contrary but that
there should be a certain unity, h In
all forms of artistic expression. Kbe
spoke briefly of the evolution of furn
iture, and ot the period designs. Hha
urged every home maker to study
the periods, for In so doing, only, an
sn Intelligent understanding of art
as expressed in furniture be gained.
'Every age has had Its distinctive
style ot art," said the speaker, "but
the 20th century. We have been con
tent to borrow from bygone periods.
The United States is behind In art
She went Into detail of line, color
and form, Illustrating with charming
color slides. A home, she said, should
be a suitable, harmonious background
for the folk dwelling in It, and thUt
background had as its keynote sim
plicity. To her mind, nnioh of the
furniture now being manufactured
was unquestionably ugly, and should
be legislated against.
"There Is a great movement In Am
erica," said Mrs. Wllmot, "to Ameri
canize foreigners, and to do this wa
must have Ideals aud standards In
hams making as In every thing elaa.
for every home Is a potential center
of Interest, and a part of the unit of
"The love of beauty is as normal
as the demand for food and clolhes,
and must be met," she went on, "For
as the sacrament of religion Iff but
the outward growth ot Inner purity.
so the sacrament ot art Is but the ex
pression nf Inward beauty. Our homes
should Indicate our very highest tnste
We should take in the physical as
pect of our home first in decorating
the walls, windows and so on. An
above all things In decorating, elim
inate white even In bedspreads and
We get our, best Inspirations In col
or harmonies from nature, she said,
and to prove It threw on the screen
color combinations found In blrrtw,
fungi, shadows, flowers, woods, chmi In
out field and fruit,
In conclusion Mrs. Wllmot s-'tid:
"Every woman should give her best
In the expression of beauty In her
home. If we are to produce ft race of
artists and art lovers we must bruin
our children Into homes that are beau
tiful. It Is Just as essenttal to sur
round them with loveliness, as It Is
that things be sanitary, for a child Is
Just as much contaminated by ugli
ness as by unwholesome conditions.
It takes years to uneducate children
from this handicap of ugliness."
Big Auto Tourist
Indications point to the largest auto
traffic to this section of the Willam
ette valley this season of any prevt
ous'year. Many of the summer resort
owners In different parts of the val
ley report the largest number of In
quiries and bookings of any season
since they have been In business. July
and August seem to be the popular
months, and If It keeps on at the
present rate It will be a problem to
accommodate them during tha two
months mentioned. Already many
pie are making plans to spend th
summer at Cascadla, Wllholt and oth
er nearby places.
British wnrnhlps In the Black Rem.
will continue to bombard the Russian
coast until bolshevlkl cease hostilities
with General Wrangal's Crimean army
Walter Hume Long, first lord of thn
admiralty, faid yesterday in reply to
I a question In the house of commons.