Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980, February 18, 1920, Image 1

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T .night and Thursday fair, gentle
Average for Quarter Ending
Dectmbw 11.
54 5 8
Member Audit Bureau of Circulation
1 Associated Preaa Full Leased Wire
4t!t!i .sir
; 1-7. r-CH
State Rests Case In Trial of
Centralia s Alleged Radicals
yiiuncc w mane kjooq
Hoover Tells Miners
Prosecution Unable tp Pro
duce Documents Signed by
Witness When Demand
Made by Defense
Mmtesano, Wash.", Feb. 18.
Tlie state, lu the trial of eleven
iillogwU. W. W. charged with the
'murder of Warren O. Grimm,
rentralia Armistice day parade
MUu, rested at 11 o'clock tills
Statements Lost
Montesano, Wash., Feb. 18. Two
statements alleged to have been sign
ed by T. C. Morgan, important state
witness in the tlal of eleven alleged
I. W. W. charged with the murder of
Warren 0. Grimm, Centralia armistice
day parade victim, have disappeared
from the files of the prosecution, it
became known when court opened to
day. Defense counsel asked that the
statements be entered as exhibits, and
prosecution counsel announced that
they had been mislaid.
The statements, according to state
representative several days ago and
have not been returned.
The state continued to place wit
nesses on the stand today, in an ef
fort to conclude its case before ad
journment. It expected to rest before
the day was over.
Dismissal lo be Asked
Defense will make offer motions
for directed verdicts of dismissal, At-i
torney Vamlerveer announced today.
The motions, he said, probably would
ask for dismissal of all the defend
ants, and particularly of Bert Faulk
nes, Elmer Smith amf-Mike Sheehan,
(Continued on page two), v
Washington, Feb. 18. Abolishment
of the nine sub-treasuries, the offices
oi thirteen state siirveyors-getirrai
nd two assay offices is proposed in
the legislative appropriation bill, ' re
Ported today by the house appropria
tions committee. A reduction 18,
MIMJOO from deartment estimates for
clerk hire and miscellaneous expenses
was mode, but the bill's total of $104,
MiM l one of the largest peace time
illative appropriations on-record.
The ub-treasuries which would be
Wished at the end of this year are
Baltimore, New York, Philadelphia,
";n, Cincinnati, Chicago, St. Louis,
" Orleans and Sart Francisco. The
wy,?'gtn"r,U t0 be '"Bearded on
30 nt would include those In
M m"4, California. Colorado, Idaho,
r . South Dakota, Utah, Washington,
A a DMa1nd A'aaka- Th f
i would be closed June 30.
are tr07 made by the committee
wnt seT, lhruuehout the govern
W?' a"J lnClude 80me -
IHI.M I In J'"'"5 Cuts "Mxegatlng
"I'LIll UJ Villi-
ciudin.. . ""aneous services.
""Win .m,,i
o new v
Wished hJn!trnnient """''ces are es-
!ionur;'ov,e forelgn and domr-
01 ad,l,ti.,f .u!vau hy appointment
New York, Feb. 18. The return of
the railroads to private ownership on
March 1 will mean the placing of pri
vate operation on its "final trial," in
the opinion of Herbert Hoover, ex
pressed last night in his inaugural ad
dress as president of the American In
stitute of Mining Engineers. Mr. Hoo
ver attacked government operation of
either railroads or shipping as "exper
iments m socialism, necessitated by the
war" to which there .were many funda
mental objections.
"No scheme of political appoint
ment," Mr. Hoover said, "has ever yet
been devised that will replace compe
tition in its selection of ability and
character. Both shipping and railways
haet oday the advantage of many
skilled personnel, sifted out In a hard
school of competition and even then
the government operation of these en
terprises is not proving satisfactory.
Flnul Trial for System.
"The return of the railways to the
owners places predominantly private
operation upon its .final trial. If in
stant energy, courage and large vision
In the" owners should prove lacking in
meeting the immediate situation, we
will be faced with a reaction that will
drive the country to some other form
of control.
Ttie speaker aserted that as gov
ernment officials could not engage in
"nagging in fixing rates," they must
take refuge In rigid regulation and
fixed rates.
"The effect of our large fleet,"" he
went on, "in the world's market, is
thust o hold up rates, for so long as
this great fleet in one hand holds a
fixed rate, others will only barely un
derbid. If we hold up rates as in
creasing number of our ships will be
,Jdle...a!tJjB(jrivafcB fleets jrow. "tVe
snail yet be taced with the question of
demobilizing a considerable part of
this fleet into private hands, or frank
ly acknowledging that we operate for
other reasons than interest on our in
vestment." The problem ef the relationship be
twen the employer and employe was
next discussed by Mr. Hoover. He as
serted that the country had until re
cently "greatly neglected the human
factor that is so large an element In
our productivity," and that this neg
lect had accumulated much of the dis
content ad unrest throughout the uni
versal population and had reacted In
a decrease of production,
"I am dally Impressed," he said
"with the fact, that there is but one
way out and that is to again re-establish
through organized representation
that personal co-operation between
employer and employe in production
that was a binding force when our In
dustries were smaller the attitude of
refusal to participate in collective bar
gaining with representative of the em
ployers' own choosing Is the negation
of this bridge to better relationship."
Mr. Hoover declared that he was
convinced that the vast majority of
American labor "fundamentally wish
es to co-operate In production and tr.i
this basis of good will can be organ-,
lzed and the vitality of production re
created." In a brief reference to the interna
tional situation he declared the safety
of European civilization "was hanging
by a slender thread" and America was
faced with a new orlnentatlon of world
"We are today contemplating," he
said, -"maintenance of an enlarged
army and navy In preparedness rot
farther upheavals, while falling o.
even, provide some Insurance against
war by a league to promote peace."
Farmers Face Hard Times.
In urging an increase in national
production, he asserted that If such
an inctease was not obtained there
would be repercussion upon the fun
damental industry of the "United States
that is, agriculture." He maintained
that the farmer will be unable to main
tain his production in the face of a
constant increase In the cost of his
supplies and labor, and that the pen
alty of such a condition would come
nmo mi imrno IS GIVEN IN TODAY
Diud un LinLtio
Shipping Board Heads Recom
mends Offers for Former
Down in Report
Washington, Feb. 18. Wages es
tablished by the railroad administra
tion during the war would continue
In effect until September 1 under the
railroad reorganization bill, the con
ference report on which was pre
sented In the house and senate.
rr mm I'uuer me wage provision, pay or
uerman Liners be Iuroedrailroad workers wouw be stabilized
i wie presem levels lor six months
after the rail properties are returned
to private control and operation. The
bill also seeks to stabilize rates tor
the same time, providing that prior
to September 1 no rates may be re
duced unless approval of the Inter
state commerce commission Is ob
tained. Conference Called
The restriction on wage increases
"Washington, Feb. 18. Rejection of
all bids received for the thirty lormer
German passenger ships offered for
sale by the shipping board was recom
mended to the senate commerce com
mittee today by Chairman Payne of
the board .who asked authority to re
new npffntlntlnnc fn .nl. A , u ..
sels for operation under th"American i J00ked J,p0B .W'th 8peclal ?,nter:
est by members of congress, railroad
officials and union leaders In view of
the re.-ent demands of the more than
read to the committee. He recalled I IT . "q women, ror an
i g ... , ."""iw pay-
The resolution was embodied In a I
prepared statement which Mr. Payne i
that the board had sold 188 ships In
accord with its policy to dispose of the
fleet to American cltibens for opera
tion under the American flag and that
eighteen former German cargo vessels
were Included In this number." The
price received was '993,545, 947.
Companies Must Operate.
Chairman Payne said if the congress
New Tork, Feb. 18. William Gibbs
McAdoo announced today that he
would not permit his name to be used
on presidential primary ballots In the
various states and. that he advocated
the sending of uninstructed delegates
to the democratic national convention.
The former secretary of the treasury
said he believed the highest construc
tive leadership can best be obtained
if the national interest "is not submer
ged in a contest of individual candi
dacies.1' "Personally," Mr. McAdoo contlimea
"I would be delighted If the next na
tional convention might actually be a
great democratic conference where
the 'utmost freedom of action should
prevail and where the motive of high
service alone should control."
Invitation Is Declined.
Mr. McAdoo's views were expressed
in a letter sent to Miller S. Bell, may
or of.MIlledgeville, Ga., in response to
a telegram saying the citizens of his
boyhood home had pl,ced his name on
the presidential perferentlal ticket.
"I an. deeply moved," wrote Mr. Mc
Adoo, "by this manifestation of the
confidence of my friends who live In
the city of my boyhood and In the state
of liiy nativity". It Is indeed an honor
to be considered by them worthy or
such high station. . I feel, however,
that I should candidly state my. nosi
tion. 1 am not seeking the nomina
tion and am reluctant to do anything
that would create the appearance of a
candidacy. I cannot help feeling mat
this Is peculiarly a time when we
should fight for principles and riot for
Problems Brought Forward,
"The momentous years through
which we have just gone have brought
to the fore great human problems
which go to the very roots of our so
cial and economic life and Insistently, take from six to twelve months to put back
The fourteen railroad union heads
have called a conference to" begin
Monday to discuss the policy to be
adopted In dealing with a commission
either created by law or appointed by
the president to arbitrate existing
wage controversies as proposed by
President Wilson kin his recent con
ference with union officials. Director
dpsir.ii? ir rha n tr Vjo nnlU.. 1.,, I A . ...
. , lu puunu uenerat nines nas requested a corn
ownership of ships the passenger liners mlttee of railroad officials to confer
should not be sold and congress should on the subject with him tomorrow,
direct the board to pend the J75.000,- Chairman Each, of the house man
000 estimated as necessary to convert 1 agers, announced today that the con
tnem from troop to passenger vessels, j ference report, would be taken up in
It should be understood." he said. I the house Saturday and Chairman
that the ships whether owned by the j Cummins of the senate managers, ex
government or by private capital must pects to call It up In the senate at a
m enner case oe operated Dy the ship- later date.
ing companies which are bidding for
the ships. The government has no
adequate organization
.... . 1
upeiauun or snips. 1 , Compulsory submission of labor
it tne government continues to e disputes to a permanent federal board
the owner, it must pay the operators a ! appointed by the president and com
fixed fee and a commission upon re-1 nosed of nine members e'nunllv rtl-
Flndlnga Summnrlzed
The outstanding points of the ineas
for the direct lure as finally agreed upon are:
. t I Compulsory submission of
ceipts and take whatever profit re
mains, or If no profit remains must
bear all the losses." '
, '- Prices iww High, ,,
The chairman went on to say thaf in
accord with the Join Resolution of con
gress under which the ships were tak.
en over ,a naval board Jiad appraised
the craft, and that the prices at which
the board could sell now were sub
stantially in excess of the appraised
.. Mr. Payne sild passenger ships were
scarce now and building prices high,
hut that these conditions might chanse
and the value. of the ships be corre
spondingly lessened. . , . ,
"If. we proceed to re-condltlon the
ships, making them fit for passenger
use," continued the chairman, it will
vided between the employes, employ
ers and the public. No provision is
made for' enforcing the board's decision.---
-r- -- - , f 4,.-.. . . .
Adjustment f rates by the inter
state commerce commission so es to
yield to carriers a return of 5Vi per
cent with another half of one per
cent for improvements,
Distribution of half the net rail
way operating Income Increases, six
percent of the property value, equally
between, the carriers reserve fund and
the federal railroad contingent fund
which will be administered by the
.commission for the assistance of
weaker roads.
Government guarantee to railroads
against a deficit during the first six
months after the roads are turned
Paris, Feb. 18. Paul Deschanel to
day became tenth president of the
French republic, succeeding Raymond
Poincare, who laid aside the robes of
office after one ot the most critical
periods in the hiBtory of the country.
The formal transfer from the olew s
the new regime occurred at the Palace
of the Elysee this afternoon.
The inauguration ot the French
president is a formal ceremony and
the numfier permitted to witness the
transfer ot authority Is limited to the
presidents ot the senate and chamber
of deputies, committees from each
house and members of the cabinet
Premier Millerand, shortly before
the hour set for the ceremony drove
to the Palais Burbon where, as presi
dent of the chamber, M. Deschanel has
maintained his residence, and called
for the president-elect. Entering a
state carriage and escorted by a, regi
ment of crulrasslers and preceded by
a flag bearer, they drove to the palaco
wnere the ceremony was to take place.
While .the crowds massed along the
route on both banks of the Seine were
cheering M. Deschanel as he passed
with his escort, the members of the
cabinet and the officials of the sen-
ate and the chamber assembled around
M. Poincare In the palace to greet the
new president.
AVlth the arrival of M. Deschanel at
the Slysee the formal transfer of pow
er tooK place. On the conclusion of
the foimallty President Deschanel and
ex-rresiaent Poincare were driven
through the crowded streets to the city
nan wnere theyiwere received by the
president of the municipal council, the
prefect of the department of the Seine
and the president of the general coun.
. Greetings were extended to the pres
ident and the retiring executive and a
formal reception followed In which
Paris society was liberally represented.
It was noted that the band at this
function played a number of American
With 40 cars on display and the
show room thronged with spectators
the second annual automobile show
under the auspices of the Salem Auto
Dealers association, opened at the ar
mory r; 2 p. m. ' Wednesday. The hlgn.
ly decorated show room, with flags,
palms, vary-oolored lights and the
neatly arranged machines bespoke the
care taken to make this one of the
greatest automobile shows ever staged
In the state. '
The show will continue until Friday
evening, and perhaps longer. If the
armory can be secured for a longer
period It likely will be extended until
the end of the week, It Is said.
The dealers who were represented
when the show opened are: Lea I Gil
bert, H. F. Bonesteele, American Auto
company. Valley Motor company, Ole
son Motor Car company, J. R. Ring-
rose company, Marlon Auto company,
B. & C. Motor company, Reedsel 4c
Rutherford company, Kirk wood Auto
company, GInrich Motor company, Ba-.
iem Auto F.xchmige, Otto J. Wilson,
Sulem Velie company, Salem Auto com.
pany and the Case Auto company.
An American Red Cross ambulance,,
placed on display by the Valley Motor
company, was attracting much atten
tion. . .
troops, mm
demand settlement. The destiny of them into service. Our conviction Is
the human race will be profoundly af-, that we will not iereafter be able to
fected by the things we do and by the I sell the ships for the cost of re-condi-
wisdom we show during the next fouritlonlng plus the price at which we can
years. Patriotism and constructive
leadership of the highest order are
necessary and I am convinced that we
Permissive construction ot roads,
If approved by the Interstate com
merce commission. '
Labor Board Provided
now sell." Appropriation of 1500,000,000 to be
Questioned as to the possibility or used as revolving funds from which
the vessels ultimately being sold to! to make loans to carriers and pay
foreign interests, Chairman Payne told claims growing out of federal con-
supreme consideration or tne national i"" uonnume me snips couia not ne iroi. unexpenuea iuhuh now in me
Interest Is not submersed In a contest l transftrred from under the American ! railroad administration's hands are
of individual candidacies for the presi- jflag wlthoutjiermission from the shlp-
dentiil office. Therefore I should like jP'ng board.
to see the next democratic convention! Vessels sold to private operators for
composed of untramelled men and! service ln "nea designated by the
women bound to nb particular candi- board could not finally and'unalter-
date and allowed to express their nref-1 ably be held In those lines without their officers, employes and agents
ences freely through the abolition of ' congressional guarantee against loss, to exert every reasonable effort and
also re-approprlated for that purpose
and an appropriation of 850,000 for
the federal labor board Is provided.
The labor section provides that "It
shall be the duty of all carriers and
"t. Cm... . u "ffents in the
" F..rr d South America, and mainly out of the farmers' own earn-
rrmnt. . . ' .
wns denied. -
State Aid In Defense
0 Bandon Boo Sought
Or.. Feb.
A. J.
' counsel i ,,u"lc- "no was assist
l , in ihV rict Attornpy John
me nmm.n' . -
the r, : uuu" . arom
er of
youth accused
rethd f. . "'"an Leuthold
'..." leav
1 '"tornev ir ,, . r- 'cav"iB "is
"""a in . one the work
th. ,t .,r"g the Hi.u pll hnv
f,pwi,m:-The triai wi -
resident. . rnln8 ot thla
1." ln the Bandon neieh
"t c,? "?I'rtakn to provide
'rnor m.7. um intend
lor such.
The movers In the new phase of the
case declare they were induced to
this procedure by the belief that spe
cial counsel was to be provided for
the Howell boy. It is said the Bandon
residents who are backing the state's
third trial will ask the governor to
send Attorney' General George M.
Brown or some other able prosecutor
and L. A. LIlJ?qvist, former district
attorney ot Coos, Is mentioned as a
possibility. It is understood here that
Attorney General Brown is not in fav
n. r.t interfering In the case unless
'ordered Into it by the governor.
the unit rule.
"I cannot consistently enter the prl
mary in any state when It Is my earn
the chairman said.
adopt every available means to avoid
New Tork, Feb. 18. Mexican gov
ernment troops are pursuing the ban
dits who kidnaped Wilson Welsh Ad
ams, an American mine superintend
ent, but contact with the outlaws has
been lost in the hills 'of Zacatecas,
Mexico, according to a thlosram re-:,
celvtid today by the1" America Metal
company, limited, Adams employers.,
from its offices at Motiterey, Mexl.
co. The telegram also Stated, that th
bandits assured -ethers at the. Pr,
vidoncla mine where Adams was cap
tured, that , no harm would befall
him. Ransom Of 125,000 was demand
ed for his release. ,
Mrs, Adams, who lives In Los An-,
geles, Cal., has been informed of her
husband's plight by the, Monterey of
Asked about tse ownership of the Interruption to the operation of any
International Mercantile Marine. I carrier growing out of. any dispute be
est conviction that the delegates from j Chairman Payne declared that Investl-, tween the carrier and the employes
every state should go to the conven-jgation by the board had shown the, or subordinate officials." .
tion without Instructions Bave for the companyt o be 100 per cent American. Such dispute should If possible be
better Interests of their' country.'
London, Feb. 18. Alexander Keren
ski, the former Russian premier whose
regime was overthrown by the bol
shevik! ln November, 1917, has been
imprisoned in the Caucasus according
to a Central News dispatch from .u
penhagen quoting the Esthonlan news
paper Va'ranlas.
The message declares that Kerenssy
recently proceeded to the Causasus on
board a British steamer for the pur
pose (of inducing he population to
promise their support to the Russian
democratic center party. The Caucas
ian leaders, however, gave him a. cold
reception It Is asserted and on his ar
rival at Baku he was arrested and
thrown into prison.
Discussing the authority given the,aec'(led h? railway boards of labor
New Tork, Feb. 18. A plea for
"demonstration coal mines" along
the same lines as demonstration farms
maintained by the United States de
partment of' agriculture was made be
fore the 121st annual meeting of the
American institute of mining and
metalurglcal engineers here tqday by
J. J.'Rutledge of the United States
bureau of mines. The object of these
mines which would be located ln the
nrincioal areas, he said
boardto sell ships, Chairman Payne
"We understand It is the policy of
congress that we cannot operate ships
if we can sell them and we must sell
nil ships after five years."
Replying to Senator Calder, repub
lican, New York, Chairman Payne said
shipping men felt that the govern
ment would not "discriminate against
American ship operators in competi
tion with foreign ships In the matter
of prohibition.''
Concluding hlo statement, Chairman
Payne said the resolution presented to
the committee was approved by the
shipping board by a vote 'of 3 to 1.
Commissioner Stevens, who voted
against further attempts to sell the
ships at present, then was called. He
said he maed, his objection to the
present sale of the fleet on the ground
that true value of the vessels had nev.
adjustment established by agreement
between the Carriers concerned and
(Continued on page , two)
Berlin, Tuesday, Feb. 17. Copi
mentlng on the allied note to Germmiy
making concessions regarding the triul
of Germans accused of war crimes, the
Tageblatt today says:
"The awakening of the democratic
spirit In England and Italy has ha
its effect in inducing the leu ,1pp. n
the entente to recede from their pre
vious attitude on the extradition is
Vorwaerts says that the note is in
no wise free from traps which are H'ce-
ly to lead to complications later, but
it aeciares tne document represents
the victory of sanity.
The) Vosslsche Zeltung thinks the
entente will do well ln nh.tuinino-
from Interference with the trials Ger
many n to hold as the allies will thus
be spared the "Ignominous defeat
awaiting them In ease they attempt to
reninrm meir charges before an Un
biased ccurt."
The Pan Deutsche Zeltung finds the
note unacceptable.
roll ln a political nartv that vou will
I ne natives of India show the rent-! never ote a ticket until it has been
est Interest in phonographs and It is submitted to your Intelligence and rat
considered a good market fur )hU (fieri hv vnnr coimrlene. Don't ha a
Chlcngo, Feb. 18. Alignment ot
women voters with existing parties and
abandonment of efforts to lnagurate a
political organization of their own was
advocated today hy the leaders of the
League of Women Voters, successor to
the National American . Woman Uuf
fraee association. Republican anil
democratic! (members ,tf the leugim
urgel the women to affiliate with their
respective parties and expressed their
opposition to the formation ef a nit-
man's party.
The retiring president of the suf
frage association, Mrs, Carrie Chap
man Catt, urged women to enroll In
one of the political parties.
In a farewell address Mrs. Catt cau
tioned women voters against "stand
put" politics and the role of followers
In the political parties.
"Ho not go to the polls as a mere)
lndorser of a platform that others
have written for you In some back
office," she said. "Take a vow before
you leave Chicago and before you en-
'regular.' '
After an. affiliation of eight years
with the V. G, Shipley store as super-1
Intendent E. H. Choate Wednesday!
tendered his resignation, and tonight j
or early Thursday will leave with m
wife and two children for Chicago!
where he will engage in a more ex-!
tensive merchandise pursuit. j
Mr. Cheats came to Salem In 108
from Boston, Mass., and soon after be-1
er been determined and the board'scame identified with progressive move.
estimates were "guess work." menu In the city. For several termsj
Mr. Stevens will be heard again to- he na, gervea as director of 'he Sa- j
jlem Business Men's league. Ho wi'l
be susceded in this capacity by j. j
Fullertnn, first elected associate ill-!
rector. ' '
Reluctance at leaving the city was.
expressed by Mr. Choate. He sal 1 that i
his longing for the valley, the climate
and his many friends here may lmmHIj
pirn to return before many mom ha.
morrow and then John D. Ysk, rep
resenting William Randolph Hearst,
will appear. '
Hampshire Sows Bring
New Record Price aTSale
, Nehawka, Neb., Feb. 18. Whai the
owner said were worlds record prices
for Hampshire sows were brought
here yesterday t a sale by Raymond
C. Pollard of this city. Forty two head
sold for l21,SSt5. an t.verags of .i2J
ould be tolas compared with the previous high
i - dA . . - Vs- 'i II nan
make experiment wun various ut- w -
Uil of coal mining to discover the top for this breed, uuyer. mun non
effective local method. , 1 y eight states were present.
The construction of one of the great
dirigibles which are now being built by
Great Britain requires a building one
sixth of a mile long. The possibility
of communication between the sky
force and submarine fleets has been
demonstrated .and this is destined to i
be an Important factor in coast de-J
tense in any future warfare.
Capital Journal's Straw Vote for President
Vote for One, placing X after name; then cut out and mall or bring to
Capital Journal Office.
Party Affiliation