WEATHER FORECAST Tonight and Wednesday rain west, Jb ! or snow cast portion, moderate i15- f , rata full -5 1,Mh- pita CIRCULATION Average for Quarter Ending December 31. 1S1J 54 5 8 Member Audit Bureau of Circulation Associated Press Full Leased Wlra urea. W-.sJj' 3:1' Hire- ' ! .t yORTY-THIRD YAER. NO. 23 SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JANUARY 27, 1920. EIGHT PAGES. PRICE 2 CENTS. NO SENA TE AGREEMENT ON PACT IN SIGHT &i(vf if.' v y mam. AT PACKERS IN SPEECH TODAY Wyoming Senator Tells Live Slock Association Whole Nation Concerned In Fight Adust Biff hve. "O Spokane, Wash., Jan. 27. Discus sion of legislation to curb the activities of the big meat packers, expected to develop one of tne warmest contests of the present convention of the Amer ican National Livestock association, was launched by United States Senator John B. Kendiick of Wyoming, presi dent of the association in his address at the opening session here today. Senator Kendi ick, author of a bill In congress intended to circumscribe the business activities of the packers, pre. sented the affirmative side of the argu ment for restriction, declaring that he was speaking not alone with the Inter ests of the livestock producers In view but because "It Is a question ot the'ultl mate good of the entire nation and there is not a hungry child In the hum blest home In America who Is not vi tally concerned in the solution of this problem." Fight Reviewed. He traced the development of the fijht conducted by the American Na tional Livestock association for the last four years for more desirable mar keting conditions, from the appoint ment of A market committee at the El Paso convention In 1910 to the United Slates attorney general's agreement with packers whereby the latter con sented to withdraw from all activities not having strictly to do with the meat packing business. This agreement he declared was a product of the work of the associa tion market committee, because It was the committee that had persuaded congress to order an investigation of the meat packing industry. ' i Prolie IlriMiutit Results. "It was your market committee that l,po h, T. A 7 7" " . 7 Drought about the investigation of the ' iftleraj. trade commission," Senato: Kendrlck declared. "It was the fact secured by the committee that armed the attorney general for his negotia tions with the packers. Call It sensa tional If you will; call it unfair; call It radical the federal trade commission' needs no defense from me but It un covered the facts, facts which the members of this organization had long suspected regarding the concentrated control of all the agencies on which our Industry depends, facts that embold the attorney general to go before Chicago grand Jury, facts that in "a the packers to accept without onsent an Injunction requiring them to surrender some of the, control they tod gained over the food supply of the nation, Uccummcc Is Danger. n JIT bu8iness ""v is to see to It that m- other few individuals shall ever aw m be permitted to acquire similar control or similar power," he con'tin- vlctrv T dUty now ls t0 wr'te this dory down In the statute book, m no bZ 1 "m,t ChanelnS may be r7 h(,"g " ,lnJt'on8- it vast toi. '" " at onn Z , w m Dulll"ng up this scans th. u V emnce w cannot es- taw that VbligatIon of B'ving them hat w 111 1 y mUst not vlolat. 'aw i win prevent them n- v. . '"How thi,. er tempting to : early today. The loss was estimated at , f exa'"'e." approximately $12,000. CENSUS OF PATRIOTIC BEING TAKEN; STOCK IN HOME FIRM GOING "'vtuuais from mAf L'k"nit7s ,V a new Ci,.nsus ls bei,s Ukn. It i. ' a new Ci,nsus is being '-J-thV ,Tnsua ot te civic spir .... ; Patriots of the Htv ti. cilcl of ih. ine conned in the When ,C" 0t mean8- 1 the tr the ro of tock hold ciit'n. Alr i iIom(,t)uilders asso- h""'. Z ,1 e" on 1,118 e"oll of r" .VerslSaleS comm"'ee Wnt!r to boo., . -re working dil 48nuXr'1,e "" to even If Sal. "T aro lod nV plnl1""?'"16 homes toT ZTT who come t the " ir unaiM . Vi' at nlsht kcani( thi. ,0 find e adequate : ha"""8"8" must "e -well. $SM Pr0duce a working 'ly on ;,W'0rk wl" b'n im ElH'ortheJi .eonstrletion of A Ptia lv "'"grants. y'Mtlf'1 addition to ti flier, 1 e,r:lised b(fore he ! rZnTT.la.tlon start "l nomes. MEREDITH TO SUCCEED HOUSTON WHEN LATTER TAKES PEACE OF GLASS I Iowa Farm Editor To Be Named Secretary Of Agriculture when Present Incumbent Steps Out; Has Public Record As Candidate For Congress And Governor; Nomination To Be Sent To Senate Today. Washington, Jan. 27. Edwin T. Meredith of Iowa, editor of "Success ful Farming," will be named secretary Sot agriculture to succeed Secretary Houston;, who is to become secretary of the treasury in the place of Carter Glass. Mr. Meredith, who is at Miami, Fla., telegraphed the white house to day accepting the office. He Is 64 years old and his home Is In Des Moines. Before starting "Successful Farming" he was publisher of the Farmers' Tribune. He was a candidate for the United States senate in 1914 and for governor of Iowa In 1916. President Wilson was expected to send the nominations of both Mr. Houston and Mr. Meredith to the sen ate today. As soon as Secretary Houston qualifies Mr. Glass will take his seat in the senate to succeed the late Senator Martin of Virginia. SIBERIA TO BE FREL OF YANKEE TROOPS MARCH 15, BELIEF Vladlvojtok, Jan. 27. American army authorities believe It will be March 15 before the last American sol- Ldiers and Red Cross workers are out of Siberia. Orders have been sent that all American women -be .hurried Put of trans-Balkalla, which Is in the path of the advancing bloshevlk army tha has moved steadily eastward along the trans-Siberian railroad and now seems 10 be nearing Irkutsk. Rear guard Red ,. - Cross units are reported at Chita, a city Just north of the Manchurian border where the Amur valley branch Of the trans-Siberian Joins the main line, while the 27th United States infantry Is at Verkhnie-Udinsk west of Chita Soldiers of the 27th are still In pos session of the armored train captured near Verkhnie-Udinsk on January 10 from Russian troops belonging to one of General Semenoff's commands. Two Americans-were killed In this fight, which was caused by the Inde pendent action of a station master who is alleged to have been Intoxicated at the time. Hillsgoro Storekeeper Held Up And Robbed Hillsboro, Or., Jan. 27. Two mask ed men last night held up H. M. Bar ton, storekeeper at Orenco, near here, In his store and escaped with $160. They overlooked $1000 hidden be neath the counter. A Portland -sales- man, also ' P. J. Lamberty and two boys were in the store at the time. FIRE DESTROYS PLANT Seattle, Wnsh., Jan. 27. Fire de stroyed the manufacturing plant of the Northwest Lead company here Higher Prices On Food Daring 1920 Predicted Cleveland, Ohio, Jan. 27. Higher food prices for 1920 were predicted to day by delegates to the Joint conven tion of the National Canners associa tion, the Canning Machinery & Sup plies association and the National Canned Foods & Dried Fruit Brokers association. "The canners have honestly and earn estly striven to reduce the cost of pro duction," Frank Gorrell of Washing ton, secretary of the canners associa tion, decH.-ed, "but the year 1920 faces them with probable price Increases over those of 1919." Pichon Becomes Head Of Paris Paper Syndicate Taris, Jan. 27. Stephen Pichon, former minister of foreign affairs, has j been appointed president of the syn - dicate of Parisian newspapers, suc ceeding the late Jean Dupuy. HE LAW TO BE ENfORCED H Instructing the city health officer to enforce the quarantine law as It re lates to the Isolation of homes in which conagious diseases are existant, the po lice committe of the city council has assured that officer that they stand squarely behind him in his enforce ment of the law and that they will do all within their power to punish vio lators of the quarantine law. It has been brought to the atten tion of the committee that persons liv ing In homes where contagious disease existed have broken quarantine and the Instructions issue to the health officer are directed squarely at such offenders as these. The police committee calls attention to the fines of $50 recently impos2ed on quarantine violators in Portland and goes on record as favoring Just drastic measures to prevent the possl ble spread of contagious disease in Sa lem. SMALL IN SANTIAM While at Crabtree, last week, C. I. Lewis, field manager of the Oregon Growers association, made visits of in spection to various orchards in ihe Santiam bottom lands and makes the following observations concerning frost damages to fruits In that dis trict: Damngc Not Extensive. "Due to the fact that they are bot tom lands and in most places are on low levels, I expected to find extensive damage, as all of the worst frost after effects are found In the lower lands," said Mr. Lewis, "Near Crabtree, I found a hundred-acre apple orchard which had been little damaged. Peach es in this vicinity were also found to have weathered the zero temperature In a very encouraging state." Mr. Lewis asserted Immediately aft er the rigid weather in December, that if there were any severe losss, the heaviest would be found In peach and walnut tracts located in the low lands of the Willamette valley. Recent sur veys of orchards are strengthening first optimistic forecasts that the loss was in no measure as widespread as attributed by first unfounded rumors. Some Frost-girdled. In some bottoms, Mr. Lewis has found peach, cherry and walnut trees which were frost girdled at the snow line. In this condtiion the bark is In jured from the snowline to about eight or ten Inches above, When this condi tion is found, Mr. Lewis advises that the tree can be saved by bridge graft ing. Green cions cut with chisel ends are Inserted In transverse cuts made above and below the dead bark area, care being taken to Join the cambium of the tree and bridge cion stock. The The bridges should be made with one inch separations around the trunk of the injured tree, then the unions should be protected with grafting wax and se curely tied. Before extensive grafts are made by the Inexperienced orcnari ist, it is advised that a reliable horti culturalist be consulted. While frost girdling has not been extensively re ported, fine trees can be saved by the bridging process, which should be un dertaken immediately, according to authorities. Resident Of Shaw For 21 Years Is Called By Death George W. Chapin, for 21 years a resident of Shaw, Or., 12 miles south east of Salem, died at his home there Monday night. He was 72 years old. The body was brought to the under taking parlors of the Webb & Clough company, Court and High streets, Tuesday. The funeral arrangements have not yet been made. Mr. Ch.tpln was born In New York. He is survived by a brother, F. H. Chapin, also a resident of Shaw. Th remilar meeting of the Salem school board will be held at the high school, in the offices of the city su perintendent, at eight o'clock Tuesday evening. THRUOUT SALE UPHOLDS STATE BAIIIGLAWS The state banking laws making the granting of a charter for a new bank discretionary- with 'the state banking board based upon the needs for the proposed institution, are upheld In a supreme court opinion by Justice Johns today In which the decree of Judge George A. Bigham of the Mar lon county circuit court ordering the state superintendent of banks to issue a c harter to the S. A. Mulkey and oth ers interested hi the organization oi new bank at St. Johns, ls reversed. Case an Old One. The case dates back several months to the original application by Mulkey, L. A. Bass and associates tor a charter for a new bank at St. Johns to be known as the Bank of Commerce. The application was refused by Will H. application was refused by Will H. Bennett, state superintendent of banks, on the ground that the needs of St. Johns were already well supplied with the two banks then In existence and that conditions did not justify the In stitution of a hlrd bank? An appeal from he decision of .Bennett was taken to the state banking board which up held Bennett. Mulkey, Bass and their associates then' filed mandamus pro ceedings in the Marion county circuit court to compel the Issuance of the charter- alleging that the refusal to grant the charter was "an abuse of dis cretion, partial, arbitrary, discrimina tory and unjust." A demurrer on the part of the bank superintendent on the ground that the court had no Juris-' diction over the matter was overruled and Judge Bingham upheld the conten tion of the plaintiffs in a writ of man damus which ordered Bennett to Issue the charter for the new bank as asked for. Not Class Legislation. In his opinion today reversing the decree of the lower court, In which he is concurred In by Chief Justice Mc Bride and Justices Bean and Bennett, Justice Johns declares that the state banking laws, the-onstltutlonaUty of which was being attacked in the man damus proceedings "is not class legis lation" and that until such time as the applicants are able to allege a strict compliance with all the requirements of the state banking law "no constitu tional question ls presented and they have no legal right to complain." tOher opinions handed down today were: Theodore Miller vs. William Bin sadler et al .appellants .appeal from Benton county; suit to foreclose on contract; opinion by Justice John. Judge G. F. Skipworth affirmed. Clatsop county vs. Marlja Gustava Wuoplo, et al, appellants; appeal from Clatsop county; action to recover upon undertaking of bail (opinion by Chief Justice McBride. Judge J. A. Eakln (Continued of Page Seven.) farmersmTrail control continue Washington, Jan. 27. Continuance of government control of the railroads for at least two years was asked of President Wilson again today by rep resentatives of farmers organizations, the American Federation of Labor and the four big brotherhoods. A large delegation, composed of many of the same persons who called at the white house last December 17, went to the executive offices with a letter for the president. Sentiment in favor of government operation, the letter said, has Increas ed during the six weeks since the first request was made, "until we can ac curately state that this Is the prepon derate desire of the farmers and of organized labor forces of most of the states of the union." The return of the roads, the letter declared, would Involve an increase In freight rates of 25 to 40 percent "since an additional revenue of c!os? to a billion dollars will- be needed," which would mean, it was added, "an increase in the cost of living, as esti mated by your director general of railroads, of at lease four billion dol lars a year." Frank Morrison, secretary of the American Federation of Labor, rep resenting President Gompers, present ed the views of the American Feder ation of Labor and gave detailed data of the cost of living. At the conclusion of the conference Secretary Tumulty said he would pre sent the matter to the president. Germany Asks Allies To Cease Asking For Tria's rnri .Tan. 27. Th'! German gov ernment has sent a note to Paris try ing once more to induce tne aines to nnmmra execution of article 228 of the peace treaty, dealing with the sur render of persons accused oi acts in violation of the laws and customs of 'war. COMPROMISE EFFORTS . ON ARTICLE 1 0 FAIL AND COMMITTEE ADJOURNS Refusal Of Republicans To Modify Reservations After Seek ing To Reach Agreement Ends In Deadlock Which Threat ens To Disrupt Conference Of Leaders And Send Fight Back To Open Session. Waslilngton Jon. 27. Notice was served on republican lead ers of the senate today by Sen ator Hitchcock ot Nebraska, tlie administration spokesman that unless compromise negotiations on tlie peace treaty were contin ued he would carry the fight to the senate floor by moving to take the treaty up there. Washington, Jan. 7. The fate of compromise negotiations on the peace treaty remained in doubt today after the bi-partisan conference had dis cussed without decision the refusal of the republicans to compromise on arti cle 10. Another meeting will be held Thursday. .. , Democratic leaders, replying to the republican ultimatum regarding article 10, did not present a definite refusal to go on with the negotiations, but ex pressed great surprise declaring an ar ticle 10 compromise "already had been asesnted to by most of the members of the conference" before the republicans served notice they would not agree to a compromise. New Plan Proposed. Under the proposed compromise as made public by Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska, the acting demopratic lead er, the senate would declare by reser vation that the United States would not employ the economic boycott or Its armed forces o preserve the terrlorial integrity of any other country unless congress acted in each specific case. After the meeting which developed some heated discussion some senators on both sides professed to see hope that a compromise might yet be reach ed. The general attitude of the con ferees, however, -was not one of optim ism. ' ' . ' . . -. -i .' "- Opponents Blunted. . "The democratic members of this conference have considered the an nouncement made by Senator Lodge that he and his associates are not will ing to consider any compromise on the Lodge reservation concerning article 10 nor on that relating to the Monroe Doctrine," said Senator Hitchcock in the democratic reply to the republican ultimatum. "In reply we desire to say that we entered upon this conference without reservations or restrictions in the hope that we could compromise differences not only on article 10 but on all pther reservations. We assumed that the other side of this conference had the same purpose. Thought Agreement Close. "The unexpected Interruption of the conference and the decision to rerose any compromise on article 10 is all the more surprising because it seemed from expressions on both sides of the table that we were close to a potisible compromise on this very Important reservation by means of the following draft prepared by several senators and already assented to by most of the members of the conferences on both sides of the table before the Interrup tion: " 'The United States assumes obli gation to employ its military or naval forces or the economic boycott to pre serve the territorial Integrity or politi cal independence of any other country under the provisions of article 10.' " STATE DEMOCRATS PLAN FULL TICKET IN 1920 ELECTION Portland, Or., Jan. 27. Plans for getting out a complete democratic state ticket for the coming election and full party tickets In each county In the state were drawn up here las night, at a meeting of the Jackson club at which Dr. J. ".V. Morrow, state democratic 'committeeman was chairman. Dr. Morrow forecast a victory for the party and told of his attendance at Washington early this morning at the national Jackson day dinner, and ol the meeting of the state committee men at Washington at which San Francisco was chosen as the location for the 1920 convention. Ur. Morro expressed the hone that at least t; por tion of the 10 delegates to represent Oregon at ti e convention would be women. in discussing he presidential possi bilities now looming on the horizon, the Oregon committeeman definitely claimed Hoover as a member of the deocratlc party, ann Indicated that his nomination would be very favorably received by Oregon members of the party. Although he mentioned a long list of democratic possibilities. Hoover was the only one favored by applause. Possibly the census-takers' Job would first tabulate the presidential no.slhilkies and then count what few of us remain. Chicago Daily News. LEGION'S VOICE SIMS LEASE OF WIAIH AND which ls being initiated by the Clack Portland, Or., Jan. S7. According amas County Fishermen's union, cop- to a Washington dispatch received , ... . .... here today It ls understood to have been decided not to lease the Doak and Brown, San Fraticlsco contractors 10,000 acres of government lands on Upper Klamath lake for a period of 30 years. The lands were to have been turned over to the contractors for that period to . compensate them for the cost of reclamation. " Representatlves Sinnott of Oregon and Raker of California conferred at length with Secretary Lane ana a... rector of Reclamation yesterday and there ls a tendency to withhold the lease from the San Francisco contrac tors, the dispatch said. The interior department is said to believe that It was driving a good bar gain but the pressure from the Amer ican Legion of Klamath Falls and In northern California ls so strong as to be Irresistible. The Legion men believe the land should be saved for the use ot former service men. Grand Rapids, Mich., Jan. 27. United States Senator Truman H. Newberry and 123 men prominent In Michigan politics went on trial in fed eral district court here today charged with conspiracy, fraud and corrup tion in the 1918 senatorial election. The importance of the issue Involved, the prominence of most of the defend ants and the Imposing array of legal talent presaged one of the most not able cases In the legal annals of the state. Of the 135 men Indicted by the fed eral grand Jury last November, nine have entered pleas of nolo contendere, the case of one has been continued owing to illness, and another, upon whom service has not been obtained, was said to be in South America. Twenty three pleaded "not guilty" and 101 stood mute when arraigned. FARM LOAN MEN MEET IN ANNUAL SESSION HERE FOR TWO DAYS The second annual convention of the Oregon State Association of Fed eral Farm Loan Associations opened here at the auditorium of the Com mercial Club, with more than DO dele gates in attendance, Tuesday morning. The club's privileges were thrown open to the guests, but because the convention, which will continue until Wednesday night, will be devoted strictly to business the visitors will I not have an opportunity to visit the i state Institutions, or spend any time ; seeing the city. An address of welcome was made at , the Commercial club in the morning j by Manager T. E. McCroskey, to j which President E. C. Emery of the state association, returned an eloquent I response. The remainder of the morn- i Ing was devoted to the registration of the visitors at the club offices. Operation Held Important. The importance of the farm loan aid to the agricultural and horticul tural development of Oregon was not ed In several speeches at the lunch- I eon of the convention In Hotel Mar- j Ion at l oon. The luncheon was pre- j sided over by A. C. Bohrnstedt, of the j local farm loan association. Daniel O. ! O'Shea, president of the federal farm ' loan bank of Spokane, and A. W. I Hendricks of the Stock Land Bank, j were distinguished guests at the lun- i cheon. Both of these men will address the convention at the luncheon to be j held Wednesday noon at Hotel Marlon i with the Salem Rotallans. Kay Lauds Representation. j Thomas B. Kay, of the Thomas B. ' Kay Woolen Mills, eulogized the work ' farm loan men are doing, and re-; counted the steady growth of agrlcul- j tural and horticultural business In the run fish LEGISLATION BQHGSOIIIT Clackamas County Union Pro poses Creation Of Office Of Culturist And Would Gre Sheriff Powers. The creation of the' office of fish culturist to be appointed by the gov ernor, designation of the sheriff of each county as the administrative of ficer for the enforcement of all fish and game laws, and the elimination of all existing fish and game machin ery In tills state, is contemplated In a proposed constitutional amendment leg 01 wnlcn nave Deen luea w"n ln secretary of state's office here. , Tlw4 "a . . . ent Washington law and is regarded straighten out the existing fish and game controversy yet launched In Oregon, . , , . I License Fees Fixed ""' " ! License fees for commercial fishing would remain as now fixed by statute 'until changed by the legislature, un- der the proposed constitutional amendment. License fees for hunting 'eame blrdfe or game animals would be $1 for residents and $3 for non-res- t Idents of the sta,te, the same to apply ' to licenses for game fishing, all linens es to be paid to the county clerk and to be good only In the county In which Issued. Twenty five porcent of all game license money and seventy five percent of all commercial fishing li cense money would be remitted to the state the balance to be retained by the various counties in order to de- ' '" expenses of administering tha , law, ana tor tne propagation ana dis tribution ot fisli and game within the various counties. Office Appointive ' The fish culturist who would be ap pointed by the governor and respon-, elble only to him would draw a sal ary of not to exceed $3000 per year and necessary expanses, would be giv en charge of all propagation and dis tribution of fish". Except as to the waters In regard to which a Joint agreement exists be tween the states of Oregon and Wash ington each county would regulate all seasons for fishing or the closing ot any stream and the use of fishing gear within Its boundaries to the ex clusion of the state, such action be ing by vote ot the people upon initia tive petition at liny regular or special election called for that purpose. Mrs. O. F. Lamson of Seattle, an Armenian by birth, and a graduate of the John Hopkins university, will de liver a lecture at the First Methodist church Thursday evening, January 29, at 8:16 o'clock. She will speak on the situation In Armenia and the Near Knst, giving interesting little Insights into the customs of the people. Mrs. Lamson spoke recently In Portland before a large audience. state until now it has reached the apex of business Importance. Mr. Kay said that the state lund board func tions were Inndoquute tq render pro per assistance to farmers, and charg ed the federal farm loan representa tives to promote the paramount work outlined in their charters. There are five million acres of un developed land In the state, Mr. Kay asserted, and he said that Intercuts with the farm loan men, or similar egencles o make It possible for set tlers to come Into the state and make heir homes on this land. There Is no reason, Mr. Kay declar ed, why the Willamotte valley should not support more people per acre than any other part of the United States, and he declared that It lay with the farm loan men to make the opening up of the vast undeveloped resources possible to Immigrants. Ha predicted the valley would some day be the most thickly settled part of the nation. Salem Held Honored. The honor accorded Hulem through the presence of the farm loan men and the importance that is mean for the city because It was selected as the place of convention was pointed out In a brief talk by William M. Walton, cashier of the Ladd & Bush bank. He declared that every banking Institu tion should lend aid to the farm loan movement. Other speakers at the luncheon were C. B. Clnncey, Frederick W. Schmidt, C, M. Lockwood, of Enter prise, Or., secretary-treasurer of the Wallowa Farm Loan Association. E. W. Hazard,, E.mo S. White and E. Cooke Patton.