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About Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 27, 1920)
Tonight and Wednesday rain west,
Jb ! or snow cast portion, moderate
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full -5 1,Mh-
Average for Quarter Ending
December 31. 1S1J
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Member Audit Bureau of Circulation
Associated Press Full Leased Wlra
Hire- ' ! .t
yORTY-THIRD YAER. NO. 23
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JANUARY 27, 1920.
PRICE 2 CENTS.
NO SENA TE AGREEMENT ON PACT IN SIGHT
&i(vf if.' v y
AT PACKERS IN
Wyoming Senator Tells Live
Slock Association Whole
Nation Concerned In Fight
Adust Biff hve.
Spokane, Wash., Jan. 27. Discus
sion of legislation to curb the activities
of the big meat packers, expected to
develop one of tne warmest contests
of the present convention of the Amer
ican National Livestock association,
was launched by United States Senator
John B. Kendiick of Wyoming, presi
dent of the association in his address
at the opening session here today.
Senator Kendi ick, author of a bill In
congress intended to circumscribe the
business activities of the packers, pre.
sented the affirmative side of the argu
ment for restriction, declaring that he
was speaking not alone with the Inter
ests of the livestock producers In view
but because "It Is a question ot the'ultl
mate good of the entire nation and
there is not a hungry child In the hum
blest home In America who Is not vi
tally concerned in the solution of this
He traced the development of the
fijht conducted by the American Na
tional Livestock association for the
last four years for more desirable mar
keting conditions, from the appoint
ment of A market committee at the El
Paso convention In 1910 to the United
Slates attorney general's agreement
with packers whereby the latter con
sented to withdraw from all activities
not having strictly to do with the meat
This agreement he declared was a
product of the work of the associa
tion market committee, because It
was the committee that had persuaded
congress to order an investigation of
the meat packing industry. '
i Prolie IlriMiutit Results.
"It was your market committee that
l,po h, T. A 7 7" " . 7
Drought about the investigation of the '
iftleraj. trade commission," Senato:
Kendrlck declared. "It was the fact
secured by the committee that armed
the attorney general for his negotia
tions with the packers. Call It sensa
tional If you will; call it unfair; call It
radical the federal trade commission'
needs no defense from me but It un
covered the facts, facts which the
members of this organization had long
suspected regarding the concentrated
control of all the agencies on which our
Industry depends, facts that embold
the attorney general to go before
Chicago grand Jury, facts that in
"a the packers to accept without
onsent an Injunction requiring them
to surrender some of the, control they
tod gained over the food supply of the
Uccummcc Is Danger.
n JIT bu8iness ""v is to see to It that
m- other few individuals shall ever
aw m be permitted to acquire similar
control or similar power," he con'tin-
vlctrv T dUty now ls t0 wr'te this
dory down In the statute book, m
no bZ 1 "m,t ChanelnS may
be r7 h(,"g " ,lnJt'on8- it
vast toi. '" "
at onn Z , w m Dulll"ng up this
scans th. u V emnce w cannot es-
taw that VbligatIon of B'ving them
hat w 111 1 y mUst not vlolat. 'aw
i win prevent them n- v. .
'"How thi,. er tempting to : early today. The loss was estimated at
, f exa'"'e." approximately $12,000.
CENSUS OF PATRIOTIC
BEING TAKEN; STOCK
IN HOME FIRM GOING
"'vtuuais from mAf
L'k"nit7s ,V a new Ci,.nsus ls bei,s
Ukn. It i. ' a new Ci,nsus is being
'-J-thV ,Tnsua ot te civic spir
.... ; Patriots of the Htv ti.
cilcl of ih. ine conned in the
When ,C" 0t mean8-
1 the tr the ro of tock hold
ciit'n. Alr i iIom(,t)uilders asso-
h""'. Z ,1 e" on 1,118 e"oll of
r" .VerslSaleS comm"'ee
Wnt!r to boo., . -re working dil
48nuXr'1,e "" to even
If Sal. "T aro lod
nV plnl1""?'"16 homes toT
ZTT who come t the
" ir unaiM . Vi' at nlsht kcani(
thi. ,0 find e adequate
: ha"""8"8" must "e -well.
$SM Pr0duce a working
'ly on ;,W'0rk wl" b'n im
ElH'ortheJi .eonstrletion of
A Ptia lv "'"grants.
y'Mtlf'1 addition to
ti flier, 1 e,r:lised b(fore he
! rZnTT.la.tlon start
MEREDITH TO SUCCEED
HOUSTON WHEN LATTER
TAKES PEACE OF GLASS
I Iowa Farm Editor To Be Named Secretary Of Agriculture
when Present Incumbent Steps Out; Has Public Record As
Candidate For Congress And Governor; Nomination To
Be Sent To Senate Today.
Washington, Jan. 27. Edwin T.
Meredith of Iowa, editor of "Success
ful Farming," will be named secretary
Sot agriculture to succeed Secretary
Houston;, who is to become secretary
of the treasury in the place of Carter
Mr. Meredith, who is at Miami,
Fla., telegraphed the white house to
day accepting the office. He Is 64
years old and his home Is In Des
Moines. Before starting "Successful
Farming" he was publisher of the
Farmers' Tribune. He was a candidate
for the United States senate in 1914
and for governor of Iowa In 1916.
President Wilson was expected to
send the nominations of both Mr.
Houston and Mr. Meredith to the sen
ate today. As soon as Secretary
Houston qualifies Mr. Glass will take
his seat in the senate to succeed the
late Senator Martin of Virginia.
SIBERIA TO BE FREL
OF YANKEE TROOPS
MARCH 15, BELIEF
Vladlvojtok, Jan. 27. American
army authorities believe It will be
March 15 before the last American sol-
Ldiers and Red Cross workers are out
of Siberia. Orders have been sent that
all American women -be .hurried Put of
trans-Balkalla, which Is in the path
of the advancing bloshevlk army tha
has moved steadily eastward along the
trans-Siberian railroad and now seems
10 be nearing Irkutsk. Rear guard Red
Cross units are reported at Chita, a city
Just north of the Manchurian border
where the Amur valley branch Of the
trans-Siberian Joins the main line,
while the 27th United States infantry
Is at Verkhnie-Udinsk west of Chita
Soldiers of the 27th are still In pos
session of the armored train captured
near Verkhnie-Udinsk on January 10
from Russian troops belonging to one
of General Semenoff's commands.
Two Americans-were killed In this
fight, which was caused by the Inde
pendent action of a station master who
is alleged to have been Intoxicated at
Held Up And Robbed
Hillsboro, Or., Jan. 27. Two mask
ed men last night held up H. M. Bar
ton, storekeeper at Orenco, near here,
In his store and escaped with $160.
They overlooked $1000 hidden be
neath the counter. A Portland -sales-
P. J. Lamberty and two boys
were in the store at the time.
FIRE DESTROYS PLANT
Seattle, Wnsh., Jan. 27. Fire de
stroyed the manufacturing plant of
the Northwest Lead company here
On Food Daring
Cleveland, Ohio, Jan. 27. Higher
food prices for 1920 were predicted to
day by delegates to the Joint conven
tion of the National Canners associa
tion, the Canning Machinery & Sup
plies association and the National
Canned Foods & Dried Fruit Brokers
"The canners have honestly and earn
estly striven to reduce the cost of pro
duction," Frank Gorrell of Washing
ton, secretary of the canners associa
tion, decH.-ed, "but the year 1920 faces
them with probable price Increases
over those of 1919."
Pichon Becomes Head Of
Paris Paper Syndicate
Taris, Jan. 27. Stephen Pichon,
former minister of foreign affairs, has
j been appointed president of the syn
- dicate of Parisian newspapers, suc
ceeding the late Jean Dupuy.
TO BE ENfORCED
Instructing the city health officer
to enforce the quarantine law as It re
lates to the Isolation of homes in which
conagious diseases are existant, the po
lice committe of the city council has
assured that officer that they stand
squarely behind him in his enforce
ment of the law and that they will do
all within their power to punish vio
lators of the quarantine law.
It has been brought to the atten
tion of the committee that persons liv
ing In homes where contagious disease
existed have broken quarantine and
the Instructions issue to the health
officer are directed squarely at such
offenders as these.
The police committee calls attention
to the fines of $50 recently impos2ed
on quarantine violators in Portland
and goes on record as favoring Just
drastic measures to prevent the possl
ble spread of contagious disease in Sa
SMALL IN SANTIAM
While at Crabtree, last week, C. I.
Lewis, field manager of the Oregon
Growers association, made visits of in
spection to various orchards in ihe
Santiam bottom lands and makes the
following observations concerning
frost damages to fruits In that dis
trict: Damngc Not Extensive.
"Due to the fact that they are bot
tom lands and in most places are on
low levels, I expected to find extensive
damage, as all of the worst frost after
effects are found In the lower lands,"
said Mr. Lewis, "Near Crabtree, I
found a hundred-acre apple orchard
which had been little damaged. Peach
es in this vicinity were also found to
have weathered the zero temperature
In a very encouraging state."
Mr. Lewis asserted Immediately aft
er the rigid weather in December, that
if there were any severe losss, the
heaviest would be found In peach and
walnut tracts located in the low lands
of the Willamette valley. Recent sur
veys of orchards are strengthening
first optimistic forecasts that the loss
was in no measure as widespread as
attributed by first unfounded rumors.
In some bottoms, Mr. Lewis has
found peach, cherry and walnut trees
which were frost girdled at the snow
line. In this condtiion the bark is In
jured from the snowline to about eight
or ten Inches above, When this condi
tion is found, Mr. Lewis advises that
the tree can be saved by bridge graft
ing. Green cions cut with chisel ends
are Inserted In transverse cuts made
above and below the dead bark area,
care being taken to Join the cambium
of the tree and bridge cion stock. The
The bridges should be made with one
inch separations around the trunk of
the injured tree, then the unions should
be protected with grafting wax and se
curely tied. Before extensive grafts
are made by the Inexperienced orcnari
ist, it is advised that a reliable horti
culturalist be consulted. While frost
girdling has not been extensively re
ported, fine trees can be saved by the
bridging process, which should be un
dertaken immediately, according to
Resident Of Shaw For 21
Years Is Called By Death
George W. Chapin, for 21 years a
resident of Shaw, Or., 12 miles south
east of Salem, died at his home there
Monday night. He was 72 years old.
The body was brought to the under
taking parlors of the Webb & Clough
company, Court and High streets,
Tuesday. The funeral arrangements
have not yet been made.
Mr. Ch.tpln was born In New York.
He is survived by a brother, F. H.
Chapin, also a resident of Shaw.
Th remilar meeting of the Salem
school board will be held at the high
school, in the offices of the city su
perintendent, at eight o'clock Tuesday
The state banking laws making the
granting of a charter for a new bank
discretionary- with 'the state banking
board based upon the needs for the
proposed institution, are upheld In a
supreme court opinion by Justice
Johns today In which the decree of
Judge George A. Bigham of the Mar
lon county circuit court ordering the
state superintendent of banks to issue
a c harter to the S. A. Mulkey and oth
ers interested hi the organization oi
new bank at St. Johns, ls reversed.
Case an Old One.
The case dates back several months
to the original application by Mulkey,
L. A. Bass and associates tor a charter
for a new bank at St. Johns to be
known as the Bank of Commerce. The
application was refused by Will H.
application was refused by Will H.
Bennett, state superintendent of banks,
on the ground that the needs of St.
Johns were already well supplied with
the two banks then In existence and
that conditions did not justify the In
stitution of a hlrd bank? An appeal
from he decision of .Bennett was taken
to the state banking board which up
held Bennett. Mulkey, Bass and their
associates then' filed mandamus pro
ceedings in the Marion county circuit
court to compel the Issuance of the
charter- alleging that the refusal to
grant the charter was "an abuse of dis
cretion, partial, arbitrary, discrimina
tory and unjust." A demurrer on the
part of the bank superintendent on the
ground that the court had no Juris-'
diction over the matter was overruled
and Judge Bingham upheld the conten
tion of the plaintiffs in a writ of man
damus which ordered Bennett to Issue
the charter for the new bank as asked
Not Class Legislation.
In his opinion today reversing the
decree of the lower court, In which he
is concurred In by Chief Justice Mc
Bride and Justices Bean and Bennett,
Justice Johns declares that the state
banking laws, the-onstltutlonaUty of
which was being attacked in the man
damus proceedings "is not class legis
lation" and that until such time as the
applicants are able to allege a strict
compliance with all the requirements
of the state banking law "no constitu
tional question ls presented and they
have no legal right to complain."
tOher opinions handed down today
Theodore Miller vs. William Bin
sadler et al .appellants .appeal from
Benton county; suit to foreclose on
contract; opinion by Justice John.
Judge G. F. Skipworth affirmed.
Clatsop county vs. Marlja Gustava
Wuoplo, et al, appellants; appeal from
Clatsop county; action to recover upon
undertaking of bail (opinion by Chief
Justice McBride. Judge J. A. Eakln
(Continued of Page Seven.)
Washington, Jan. 27. Continuance
of government control of the railroads
for at least two years was asked of
President Wilson again today by rep
resentatives of farmers organizations,
the American Federation of Labor
and the four big brotherhoods. A
large delegation, composed of many
of the same persons who called at the
white house last December 17, went
to the executive offices with a letter
for the president.
Sentiment in favor of government
operation, the letter said, has Increas
ed during the six weeks since the first
request was made, "until we can ac
curately state that this Is the prepon
derate desire of the farmers and of
organized labor forces of most of the
states of the union."
The return of the roads, the letter
declared, would Involve an increase
In freight rates of 25 to 40 percent
"since an additional revenue of c!os?
to a billion dollars will- be needed,"
which would mean, it was added, "an
increase in the cost of living, as esti
mated by your director general of
railroads, of at lease four billion dol
lars a year."
Frank Morrison, secretary of the
American Federation of Labor, rep
resenting President Gompers, present
ed the views of the American Feder
ation of Labor and gave detailed data
of the cost of living.
At the conclusion of the conference
Secretary Tumulty said he would pre
sent the matter to the president.
Germany Asks Allies To
Cease Asking For Tria's
rnri .Tan. 27. Th'! German gov
ernment has sent a note to Paris try
ing once more to induce tne aines to
nnmmra execution of article 228 of
the peace treaty, dealing with the sur
render of persons accused oi acts in
violation of the laws and customs of
COMPROMISE EFFORTS .
ON ARTICLE 1 0 FAIL AND
Refusal Of Republicans To Modify Reservations After Seek
ing To Reach Agreement Ends In Deadlock Which Threat
ens To Disrupt Conference Of Leaders And Send Fight
Back To Open Session.
Waslilngton Jon. 27. Notice
was served on republican lead
ers of the senate today by Sen
ator Hitchcock ot Nebraska, tlie
administration spokesman that
unless compromise negotiations
on tlie peace treaty were contin
ued he would carry the fight to
the senate floor by moving to
take the treaty up there.
Washington, Jan. 7. The fate of
compromise negotiations on the peace
treaty remained in doubt today after
the bi-partisan conference had dis
cussed without decision the refusal of
the republicans to compromise on arti
cle 10. Another meeting will be held
Thursday. .. ,
Democratic leaders, replying to the
republican ultimatum regarding article
10, did not present a definite refusal to
go on with the negotiations, but ex
pressed great surprise declaring an ar
ticle 10 compromise "already had been
asesnted to by most of the members of
the conference" before the republicans
served notice they would not agree to
New Plan Proposed.
Under the proposed compromise as
made public by Senator Hitchcock of
Nebraska, the acting demopratic lead
er, the senate would declare by reser
vation that the United States would not
employ the economic boycott or Its
armed forces o preserve the terrlorial
integrity of any other country unless
congress acted in each specific case.
After the meeting which developed
some heated discussion some senators
on both sides professed to see hope
that a compromise might yet be reach
ed. The general attitude of the con
ferees, however, -was not one of optim
ism. ' ' . ' . . -. -i .' "-
Opponents Blunted. .
"The democratic members of this
conference have considered the an
nouncement made by Senator Lodge
that he and his associates are not will
ing to consider any compromise on the
Lodge reservation concerning article
10 nor on that relating to the Monroe
Doctrine," said Senator Hitchcock in
the democratic reply to the republican
"In reply we desire to say that we
entered upon this conference without
reservations or restrictions in the hope
that we could compromise differences
not only on article 10 but on all pther
reservations. We assumed that the
other side of this conference had the
Thought Agreement Close.
"The unexpected Interruption of the
conference and the decision to rerose
any compromise on article 10 is all the
more surprising because it seemed
from expressions on both sides of the
table that we were close to a potisible
compromise on this very Important
reservation by means of the following
draft prepared by several senators and
already assented to by most of the
members of the conferences on both
sides of the table before the Interrup
tion: " 'The United States assumes obli
gation to employ its military or naval
forces or the economic boycott to pre
serve the territorial Integrity or politi
cal independence of any other country
under the provisions of article 10.' "
PLAN FULL TICKET
IN 1920 ELECTION
Portland, Or., Jan. 27. Plans for
getting out a complete democratic
state ticket for the coming election and
full party tickets In each county In the
state were drawn up here las night, at
a meeting of the Jackson club at which
Dr. J. ".V. Morrow, state democratic
'committeeman was chairman.
Dr. Morrow forecast a victory for
the party and told of his attendance at
Washington early this morning at the
national Jackson day dinner, and ol
the meeting of the state committee
men at Washington at which San
Francisco was chosen as the location
for the 1920 convention. Ur. Morro
expressed the hone that at least t; por
tion of the 10 delegates to represent
Oregon at ti e convention would be
in discussing he presidential possi
bilities now looming on the horizon,
the Oregon committeeman definitely
claimed Hoover as a member of the
deocratlc party, ann Indicated that his
nomination would be very favorably
received by Oregon members of the
party. Although he mentioned a long
list of democratic possibilities. Hoover
was the only one favored by applause.
Possibly the census-takers' Job
would first tabulate the presidential
no.slhilkies and then count what few
of us remain. Chicago Daily News.
SIMS LEASE OF
which ls being initiated by the Clack
Portland, Or., Jan. S7. According amas County Fishermen's union, cop-
to a Washington dispatch received
, ... . ....
here today It ls understood to have
been decided not to lease the Doak
and Brown, San Fraticlsco contractors
10,000 acres of government lands on
Upper Klamath lake for a period of 30
years. The lands were to have been
turned over to the contractors for that
period to . compensate them for the
cost of reclamation. "
Representatlves Sinnott of Oregon
and Raker of California conferred at
length with Secretary Lane ana a...
rector of Reclamation yesterday and
there ls a tendency to withhold the
lease from the San Francisco contrac
tors, the dispatch said.
The interior department is said to
believe that It was driving a good bar
gain but the pressure from the Amer
ican Legion of Klamath Falls and In
northern California ls so strong as to
The Legion men believe the land
should be saved for the use ot former
Grand Rapids, Mich., Jan. 27.
United States Senator Truman H.
Newberry and 123 men prominent In
Michigan politics went on trial in fed
eral district court here today charged
with conspiracy, fraud and corrup
tion in the 1918 senatorial election.
The importance of the issue Involved,
the prominence of most of the defend
ants and the Imposing array of legal
talent presaged one of the most not
able cases In the legal annals of the
Of the 135 men Indicted by the fed
eral grand Jury last November, nine
have entered pleas of nolo contendere,
the case of one has been continued
owing to illness, and another, upon
whom service has not been obtained,
was said to be in South America.
Twenty three pleaded "not guilty"
and 101 stood mute when arraigned.
FARM LOAN MEN MEET
IN ANNUAL SESSION
HERE FOR TWO DAYS
The second annual convention of
the Oregon State Association of Fed
eral Farm Loan Associations opened
here at the auditorium of the Com
mercial Club, with more than DO dele
gates in attendance, Tuesday morning.
The club's privileges were thrown
open to the guests, but because the
convention, which will continue until
Wednesday night, will be devoted
strictly to business the visitors will I
not have an opportunity to visit the i
state Institutions, or spend any time ;
seeing the city.
An address of welcome was made at ,
the Commercial club in the morning j
by Manager T. E. McCroskey, to j
which President E. C. Emery of the
state association, returned an eloquent I
response. The remainder of the morn- i
Ing was devoted to the registration of
the visitors at the club offices.
Operation Held Important.
The importance of the farm loan
aid to the agricultural and horticul
tural development of Oregon was not
ed In several speeches at the lunch- I
eon of the convention In Hotel Mar- j
Ion at l oon. The luncheon was pre- j
sided over by A. C. Bohrnstedt, of the j
local farm loan association. Daniel O. !
O'Shea, president of the federal farm '
loan bank of Spokane, and A. W. I
Hendricks of the Stock Land Bank, j
were distinguished guests at the lun- i
cheon. Both of these men will address
the convention at the luncheon to be j
held Wednesday noon at Hotel Marlon i
with the Salem Rotallans.
Kay Lauds Representation. j
Thomas B. Kay, of the Thomas B. '
Kay Woolen Mills, eulogized the work '
farm loan men are doing, and re-;
counted the steady growth of agrlcul- j
tural and horticultural business In the
Clackamas County Union Pro
poses Creation Of Office Of
Culturist And Would Gre
The creation of the' office of fish
culturist to be appointed by the gov
ernor, designation of the sheriff of
each county as the administrative of
ficer for the enforcement of all fish
and game laws, and the elimination
of all existing fish and game machin
ery In tills state, is contemplated In a
proposed constitutional amendment
leg 01 wnlcn nave Deen luea w"n ln
secretary of state's office here.
, Tlw4 "a . . .
ent Washington law and is regarded
straighten out the existing fish and
game controversy yet launched In
Oregon, . , , .
I License Fees Fixed ""' "
! License fees for commercial fishing
would remain as now fixed by statute
'until changed by the legislature, un-
der the proposed constitutional
amendment. License fees for hunting
'eame blrdfe or game animals would
be $1 for residents and $3 for non-res- t
Idents of the sta,te, the same to apply '
to licenses for game fishing, all linens
es to be paid to the county clerk and
to be good only In the county In which
Issued. Twenty five porcent of all
game license money and seventy five
percent of all commercial fishing li
cense money would be remitted to the
state the balance to be retained by
the various counties in order to de-
' '" expenses of administering tha ,
law, ana tor tne propagation ana dis
tribution ot fisli and game within the
Office Appointive '
The fish culturist who would be ap
pointed by the governor and respon-,
elble only to him would draw a sal
ary of not to exceed $3000 per year
and necessary expanses, would be giv
en charge of all propagation and dis
tribution of fish".
Except as to the waters In regard
to which a Joint agreement exists be
tween the states of Oregon and Wash
ington each county would regulate all
seasons for fishing or the closing ot
any stream and the use of fishing
gear within Its boundaries to the ex
clusion of the state, such action be
ing by vote ot the people upon initia
tive petition at liny regular or special
election called for that purpose.
Mrs. O. F. Lamson of Seattle, an
Armenian by birth, and a graduate of
the John Hopkins university, will de
liver a lecture at the First Methodist
church Thursday evening, January
29, at 8:16 o'clock. She will speak on
the situation In Armenia and the Near
Knst, giving interesting little Insights
into the customs of the people. Mrs.
Lamson spoke recently In Portland
before a large audience.
state until now it has reached the
apex of business Importance. Mr. Kay
said that the state lund board func
tions were Inndoquute tq render pro
per assistance to farmers, and charg
ed the federal farm loan representa
tives to promote the paramount work
outlined in their charters.
There are five million acres of un
developed land In the state, Mr. Kay
asserted, and he said that Intercuts
with the farm loan men, or similar
egencles o make It possible for set
tlers to come Into the state and make
heir homes on this land.
There Is no reason, Mr. Kay declar
ed, why the Willamotte valley should
not support more people per acre
than any other part of the United
States, and he declared that It lay
with the farm loan men to make the
opening up of the vast undeveloped
resources possible to Immigrants. Ha
predicted the valley would some day
be the most thickly settled part of
Salem Held Honored.
The honor accorded Hulem through
the presence of the farm loan men
and the importance that is mean for
the city because It was selected as the
place of convention was pointed out
In a brief talk by William M. Walton,
cashier of the Ladd & Bush bank. He
declared that every banking Institu
tion should lend aid to the farm loan
Other speakers at the luncheon
were C. B. Clnncey, Frederick W.
Schmidt, C, M. Lockwood, of Enter
prise, Or., secretary-treasurer of the
Wallowa Farm Loan Association. E.
W. Hazard,, E.mo S. White and E.