The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Deschutes County, Or.) 1917-1963, January 11, 1962, Page 1, Image 1

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    Univ. of Oregon Library
Increasing e I e u i t tonight;
cloudy Friday with high 35-40;
low 15-20.
59th Year
ennedv asks for new economic
U. S. president says
cold war armistice
appears far away
dent Kennedy asked Congress to
day for an array of new econom
ic tools, including discretionary
power to cut tariffs and reduce
personal income taxes, to
strengthen the free world against
the Communist offensive.
In his State of the Union Mes
sage to the newly convened law
makers, Kennedy said a cold war
armistice "seems very far
away." He noted particularly the
critical problems posed by Ber
lin, Laos and Viet Nam.
He cited with obvious pride,
however, U.S. military progress
during his first year in the White
House and said his new defense
budget provides for more mis
siles, men and substantial in
creases in Air Force fighter units.
This country, he said, has "re
jected any all-or-nothing posture
which would leave no choice but
inglorious retreat or unlimited re
taliation." Prosperity At Horn
Kennedy's wide-ranging eco
nomic, defense and foreign policy
proposals were keyed to the
Mine blasf
fakes lives
of 11 men
. - '" - -
HERRIN, III. (UPI) Rescuers
probing the smoke and fume-filled
tunnels of Blue Blaze coal mine
No. 2 today found the shattered
bodies of 11 men trapped when
an explosion tore through the
shaft There were no survivors.
The bodies could not be re
moved until ventilator fans blew
the mine free of carbon monoxide
left by the apparent methane gas
Recovery of the bodies was to
be attempted later today.
Relatives of the victims were in
formed of the outcome of the
tragedy by William Orlandi, Illi
nois state director of mines and
minerals, in a terse announce
ment Wives of two of the dead
broke into sobs. The crowd of
friends and relatives gradually
dispersed Into the 4 below cold.
Orlandi declined to discuss pos
sible causes of the blast. Mine
owner Claude Gentry who was at
tending his 45th birthday party
when news of the blast came
Wednesday night, said he had "no
Idea" as to the cause.
But state Mine Inspector Ray
McCluskey theorized the workmen
at the coal face may have cut in
to a trapped pocket of methane.
The gas could have been
touched off by a spark from a
machine of an electric short
The body of the cage operator
was found a few feet from the
shaft. That of the motorman lay
about 40 feet away. Bodies of the
remaining nine were strewn about
the coal face, some 750 feet to
the east of the shaft
Fourteen Pages
theory that prosperity must be
maintained at home to counter
successfully the constant threat
of military, political and economic
aggression by the Communists.
His 6,000-word message, deliv
ered in person to a joint session
of the House and Senate, was
carried to the rest of the coun
try and overseas by radio and
The President sought an exten
sive domestic legislative package,
some parts of which were sure
to provoke controversy in this
election year.
To slow any future recession,
he asked for standby authority,
subject to congressional veto, to
cut personal income tax rates
within a specified range. While
he did not go into details, it was
learned he wanted power to cut
the basic tax rate from 20 to 15
per cent
The President renewed his re
quest for health insurance for the
aged financed through the Social
Security system a plan op
posed by the American Medical
Association and many conserva
tive members of Congress.
He also requested federal fi
nancing of mass immunization
against disease and a new con
cept of public welfare to shift
federal emphasis from direct re
lief to rehabilitation.
Aid For Schools
Kennedy renewed in strong
terms hi& request for federal aid
to education for public school
construction, teacher salaries,
loans for new college buildings,
federally financed college schol
arships and a new nationwide at
tack on adult illiteracy.
He seemed assured of getting
a college aid program but the
public school plan apparently was
dead, killed by last year's con
troversy over extending it to pa
rochial or private schools.
Top item on Kennedy's foreign
agenda was trade. He proposed
a new five-year plan to replace
the expiring Reciprocal Trade
Act It would gradually eliminate
certain tariffs in return for sim
ilar concessions by the European
Common Market Tariffs in other
areas would be reduced by as
much as 50 per cent
"The Communist economic of
fensive is underway," he said in
urging his liberalized trade pro
gram. "The opportunity is ours
the initiative is up to us and the
time is now."
As for the military outlook,
Kennedy said the United States
would have to remain strong "so
long as fanaticism and fear brood
over the affairs of men."
More For Defense
He said his defense blueprint
called for 300 additional Polaris
and Minuteman missiles, two new
Army divisions replacing Nation
al Guard units now on duty, plus
"substantial other increases" to
boost Air Force fighter units, pro
curement of equipment and the
continental defense and warning
A Word
To The Wise
Prescriptions are our special
ity. Highest quality is our by
word. And no effort is too
great in serving you - our
customer as our friend!
'TIL 9 P. M.
Bend, Deschutes
way 97 Swalley Canal-East Revere project near the north city limits of Bend
Includes construction of a route for the new highway over the North Canal
and the North Unit Canal. The crossing of the two parallel canals will be over
Audience of 50
Civil defense team explains
for study of possib le shelter
By lla S. Grant
Bullttln Staff Writer
About 50 persons crowded into
the district courtroom at the Des
chutes county courthouse Wednes
day to hear Civil Defense experts
explain the survey and marking
plan for community tauout snei-
The audience included public of
ficers, community leaders and
some of the owners of large build
World traveler Don C. Sloan
to speak at awards banquet
Donald C. Sloan, world traveler
and- one of the 11 men selected to
go to Europe several years back
to assist in showing "How Amer
ica Sells," is to be guest speaker
at the 1962 Bend Junior Chamber
of Comerce award banquet
The dinner will be held at 7:30
p.m. on Thursday, January 18, in
the basement of the Elks Hall with
J. Pat Metke as master of cere
monies. Bend's top junior and senior cit
izens of the past year, the Jay
cees Keyman of the Year and the
outstanding member of the Jay
cee Auxiliary will be presented at
the dinner. Identity of the award
winners will be kept secret until
they are introduced.
The advance sale of tickets to
the annual dinner is now under
way. Tickets can be obtained from
any member of the Jaycees. The
Pine Tavern is to cater the din
ner. Sloan, educated at Brigham
Young College in Utah and at the
University of Oregon, is widely in
demand in Oregon as a speaker.
He is president of Donald C.
Sloan & Company, an investment
firm in Portland.
In past years, Sloan has served
as director of National Sales Exe
cutives, vice-president of the exe
cutive council of the National Se
curity Traders Association, prime
minister of the Royal Rosarians,
president of the Portland Bond
OSU economist
Using one of Webster's defini.
tion of a tax as a forced contri
bution of wealth to meet the pub
lic needs of a government, an Ore
gon State University agricultural
economist agreed in a talk Wed
nesday night in Bend that no tax
is perfect, and quoted the bromide
that taxes, like death, are inevit
able. Dr. Grant Blanch,' speaking as
a guest of the Deschutes County
Tax Association, expressed his be
lief that the property tax, by
County, Oregon, Thursday,
crowds courfroom
ings in Deschutes, Crook and Jef
ferson counties. Several addressed
questions to the team of speakers
about warehousing, liability of
building owners and the utiliza
tion of natural facilities such as
caves, mines and tunnels, and of
potato cellars, which the speak
ers said are also to be surveyed.
The speakers were Robert Bon
ney of Moffett, Nichol and Taylor,
consulting engineers, Portland;
Traders Club and president of
the Portland Sales Manager Club.
Sloan has filled speaking en
gagements in many European
countries and was received in
Stockholm, Sweden, by King Gus-
' --''y I Si 1 ' K -,. v-..i5 .
which real estate is taxed ac
cording to value, is perhaps the
least equitable of all, yet is the
source of income for most of the
services provided by government
at the local level.
He recommended. Instead, a tax
base which would take into con
sideration ability to pay, benefits
received and equality.
He said that the property tax
should be retained, for services
that directly benefit property
roads, water districts, protection,
January 11, 1962
Leonard Stein, office of Portland qualify as emergency shelters
District Engineers; Robert Coop-1 were described. Fire-proof build
er Office of Civil Defense. De- L, wjth concrete or maso
partment of Defense, Region 8; ' . , , . ,
Col. L. C. Berry and Gen. Wil
liam Coleman, Oregon State Civil
Defense Agency, Salem.
. Most Talkatlva . .
Most of the talking from the
audience was done by Mr., and
Mrs. William Speth, instructors at
Central Oregon College, and Har
old Bock, American .Problems
teacher at Bend High School
At one point Speth asked if it is
too late" to notify the federal
Civil Defense authority not to in
clude this area in the survey, and
to give the money, instead, to the
United Nations. :
Bock said that he Is as concern
ed about the future as anyone.
That nuclear attack would mean
death for Americans, and - that
some Congressmen and many nu
clear scientists are not in accord
with the concept of Civil Defense,'
and the fallout shelter plan. .
Concern Voiced
Mrs. Speth voiced considerable
concern about the nature of a pos
sible attack, and questioned the
team about their statements that
two weeks In a shelter probably
would be the maximum.
General Coleman explained the
"7-10 ratio" rule-of-thumb, which
indicates that fallout is most viru
lent in tha first 48 hours, with radio-active
particles losing potency
at varying degrees, some remain
ing dangerous for weeks, months
or years. It is believed that two
weeks after a bomb blast, or a
series of closely-spaced ones, peo
ple would be able to go out doors
for short periods, at least, but
that in an event of such emergen
cy, they would be exposed to
"doses" of radio activity that
would be unthinkable under nor
mal circumstances.
Colonel Berry said that the pur
pose of the team's visit here was
not to discuss the tneory oi uvii
Defense, but to lay the ground
work for the survey program.
The team will be back in Cen
tral Oregon next woek, to begin
tha survey. Buildings that would
would ease tax
etc but that costs of elemen
tary and higher education, which
took 65 per cent of the property
tax money in Oregon in 1960
should not be paid for only by per
sons who happen to own property.
"The property tax Is out-of-date
but it gives a more uniform rev
enue than does Income tax," he
said. "It is also difficult to evade
and interferes little with normal
flow of goods; in effect it plucks
the goose where it will hurt the
Ten Cents
a concrete structure, pictured her. The canal bridge will be 170 feet in length.
Just to tha south of this bridge a railroad crossing, 279 feet in length, will be
constructed, with bids to be received on January 17.
floors, walls and roofs almost al
ways qualify, particularly if they
have basements. Buildings with
masonry walls, but wood floors
and interiors are next best Frame
buildings do not qualify.
. i U.S. Provisions'
The Federal Government Is to
provide grain derivative biscuits,
water containers, first-aid equip
ment and radiological monitoring
equipment for the emergency
shelters. These are to be ware
housed at a central point, and
stored at the selected buildings.
Fifty cubic feet of storage space
is required for storage of these
materials for a shelter to accom
modate 50 persons.. . ., i
Some relief
said on way
for Midwest
By United Press International
Bitter cold that gripped prac
tically all the nation hung on to
day with record low temperatures
and deep snow dipping into Dixie.
But forecasters said relief was
on the way for the Midwest,
which has staggered under one of
the longest cold spells in years.
The forecast was for gradual
The mercury stood at 12 de
grees at Pensacola, Fla., lowest
since Weather Bureau instruments
were installed at the present loca
tion 21 years ago. But the citrus
area around Lakeland, Fla., was
saved from freezing temperatures
by a wind shift.
Citrus farmers around Browns
ville, Tex., were less fortunate.
Millions of dollars worth of un-
harvested oranges and grapefruit
may have been damaged in tem
peratures six degrees below freez
Blanch suggested an increasing
share of state-collected taxes com
bined with a per-capita grant from
the state to local services. He sug
gested county and city sales tax
es, but admitted that one can't
justify a tax based upon spend
ing in the same way as one based
on earning.
Federal grants-in-aid for educa
tion are one answer, he suggested.
But on the theory of using fed
No. 30
Bid opening due
on rail crossing
over new route
The Oregon State Highway Com
mission this coming week, on Jan
uary 17, will open bids for an
overhead railroad crossing on the
new route of U.S. Highway 97 in
to Bend from the north.
This will be part of the Swalley
Canal East Revere project on
which preliminary work was start
ed in 1981. Grading of the first
section, construction of a span
over the North Canal and the
North Unit Canal and preparation
of approaches to the overhead
crossing are now nearing comple
The overhead crossing of the
Oregon Trunk at the north city
limits of Bend will be steel and
reinforced concrete structure, 279
feet in length and with a clearance
of 24 feet It will be handled un
der a separate contract.
The concrete structure over the
canals is 170 feet in length.
Much heavy construction has
been Involved In work on the
Swalley Canal - East Revere sec
tion of the highway which will
move through Bend along East
Third Street Heaviest work was
encountered in the rocky area
south from the Swalley Canal
First work on the project in
cluded the placing of the new
Swalley siphon under the highway
just outside the city limits. Big
lava blisters ' were encountered
In work south of this point
The railroad overcrossine when
completed will closely resemble
the new structure at the U.S. 97-
U.S. 20 grade separation a short
distance north of town.
Dow Jones final stock averages:
30 industrials 710.67, up 4.65; 20
railroads 148.05, up 0.40; 15 utili
ties 124.13, off 0.03, and 65 stocks
241.16, up 1.00.
Sales today were about 3.39
million shares compared with 3.3
million shares Wednesday.
High yesterday, 41 degrees. Low
last night, 16 degrees. Sunset
today, 4:48. Sunrise tomorrow,
load on
eral taxes for local services, he
said that "If you send a dollar to
Washington, you only get 15 cents
He said that Oregon Is the only
state In the Union which has
neither a sales tax nor a cigarette
He said that units of govern
ment are too small that there
would be a great saving of money
if road departments and other
county services were consolidated
Six villages
engulfed, aid
sent to area
HUARAZ, Peru (UPI)-An ava
lanche of mountain ice and snow
thundered down towering Mt Hu
ascaran late Wednesday, engulf
ing six villages and causing heavy
loss of life. Estimates of the dead
and missing ranged from 2,000 to
The Peruvian Red Cross esti
mated that between 2,000 and
2,500 persons wero killed.
Red Cross President Roberto
Thordike said there were only a
handful of survivors. An esti
mated 3,100 persons lived in the
area, 30 miles north of here and
about 200 miles from Lima.
Col. Humberto Ampuero, direct
ing rescue operations, told UPI
that an estimated 3.000 persons
were dead or missing. He de
scribed the scene as reminiscent
of Dante's "Inferno" and said the
crushed villages were buried in
a wall of mud, ice and rocks 40
feet high and half a mile wide.
A similar avalanche destroyed
Huara2 20 years ago, killing 5,000
Radio Appeal Made
In a radio appeal, Ampuero
asked for all possible aid. He said
he needed a battalion of engineers
with earth-moving machines to
clear the rubble.
The threat of floods added to
the horror of the disaster scene
as the swollen Santa River threat
ened to burst over its banks.
First reports of the disaster
came from Dr. Leoncio Guzman,
who saw the slide hurtling down
the mountainside as he returned
from a nearby hospital He tried
to reach his home to warn his
family, but it was too late.
Guzman said he was driving
barely a mile away from his
home when he saw the slide start.
At full speed he raced for the vil
lage but the landslide got there
"Everyone Was Dead"
"I was too late," he said. "Ev
eryone was dead." He said he
barely escaped. Guzman owed his
life to the fact he practiced in Hua
rai, although living in 'Ranrahir-"
ca, and was making tha hospital
call at the time of the slide.
The entire residential section of
Huaraz was wiped out by the
landslide of Dec 13, 1941, which
dumped a sea of mud, rocks and
volcanic lava 150 feet high and
a half a mile wide into the city.
Landslides in November, 1946,
killed at least 500 persons in
north central Peru, including 300
miners entombed at their work.
An earthquake in May, 1940, killed
249 persons and injured 3,000, most
of them residents of Lima and its
seaport. El Callao.
Avalanches are not unusual at
this time of the year in Peru as
the thaws of the spring and sum
mer release the winter's accumu
lation of snow and ice from the
Quakes Jolt
wide area
of Yugoslavia
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (UPI)
Earthquakes jolted the central
and coastal sections of Yugoslavia
today, triggering landslides,
wrecking villages, cutting commu
nications and touching off mass
flights of residents.
First reports said at least one
person was killed. It was the sec
ond series of quakes to hit tha
country within a week. Several
days ago earth shocks destroyed
75 per cent of the houses In the
coastal town of Makarska and
killed two persons.
Makarska, on the Adriatic, was
badly hit again today. Truckloads
of refugees fled to Split, farther
down the coast
Belgrade Radio said inhabitants
of villages in the areas were or
dered Into the open country. Army
and navy units were ordered in
to help victims and a call was
made for 2,000 beds, tents and
food for the homeless.
The first fatality was reported
from the village of Podgora hit
by a landslide triggered by the
quakes. The nearby village of
Mainovici was "entirely de
stroyed." the radio said.
on a several-county basis.
"The demand for publie serr
cies Is predicated on the premise
that someone else will pay the
bill," the speaker said. "The hea
vy burden of taxation has caused
exempt poultices but the exemp
tions flow over to tha remainder
of the taxpayers."
He recommended that the tax
base be increased by bringing
back the exempt properties to the
tax roll