The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Deschutes County, Or.) 1917-1963, February 17, 1955, Page 6, Image 6

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, An Independent Newspaper
Robert W. Chandler, Editor and Publisher
Phil F. Brofran, Associate Editor
Member. Audit Bureau of Circulation
Enteral u Second Clua M.tUr, J.nur7 6, 117 the Pot Oflc M 8tid, Or.
' won under Act of March 8, 1879.
The Bend Bulletin. Thursday. February 17. 1955
Those High School Text Books
(First of a Series.)
onow auiinite aim union Diaa . . . socialistic . . .un-
American .... favor submergence of American aover
eignty in world government . . . .Red . . . .Communist . .
reactionary . . . ."
So ring the charges being fired by some groups at
several text books suggested for use in social science
classes of the state's public schools.
From the Oregon State Federation of Labor comes
the charge that two social science books recommended
by the state textbook commission for use by 12th grad
ers "show, a lack of understanding of the history and
functions of labor unions and both have a definite anti
union bias."
From another portion of the political spectrum, the
Daughters of the American Revolution, comes this broad
side: ,
"The voters of the future are now being conditioned
by the clever propaganda in social studies texts that en
dorse socialism and world government that will deprive
America of its sovereignty."
Since release of the list of textbooks recommended
for use throughout the state public school system late
last year, only the two above-cited Oregon groups have
. offered strong protests to selections.
; But these protests when joined with others fired at
textbooks and their authors in other state's beat a cres
cendo that is reverberating through school administra
tive offices across' the nation.
.- "Textbooks are under fire," concluded one noted ed
ucator in a recent publication.
- . And so it seems from California where a state
.un-American Activities committee keeps a watchful eye
-n school books that might slant students to subversive
-Ihinking, to New York where a special Commission on
Subversive Textbooks stands ready with blue pencil.
That groups in Oregon with prejudices as sensitive
".as nerve ends, the A F of L on one hand, the DAR on
the other, are laying a crossfire on textbooks has bc
".come apparent in the past several weeks.
First came the announcement from Salem that Or
egon might join its neighbor to the south and New York
;with an investigative committee of its own to probo
; Two state senators, including Harry D. Boivin of
;thc local 17th district, said they would sponsor a bill es
tablishing such a hawkshaw body. Sponsorship, they in
dicated, was prompted by a report by a spokesman of
the DAR. that subversive influences are threaded
-through some textbooks recommended for use in the pub
lic schools. '
"At present, we have no body which can legally ex
amine such books," the other sponsor, Pat Lonergan,
;Portland Republican, said in announcing the proposal.
No sooner had these headlines faded from the front
pages when came the announcement by the State Feder
ation of Labor that two of the recommended texts con
tained anti-union bias.
The union pressed its objections through letters to
school administrators throughout the state, listing the
texts held anti-union and recommending one text .as
- Interestingly, the two books cited by the union are
also blacklisted by the DAR, though the objections
lodged by these politically dissimilar groups vary con
siderably. .
While the union criticizes the play given the Taft-
Hartley law in the books, the DAR from quite a differ
ent tack takes sight and fires on what is termed advo
cacy of socialism and world government.
In all the DAR, through its spokesman. State Re
'gont Mrs. Albert Towers, has cited four social science
Ibooks from the current list of recommendations by the
! state textbook commission. '
; Cited by the DAR were three of the four texts rec--ommemled
for J 2th grade classes, "Problems Facing
democracy," Ginn and Co. ; "Problems in American Dem
ocracy," The Macmillan Co.: "The Challenge of Demo
craey," McGraw-Hill Rook Co.
The fourth book named by the DAR was "Quest
of a Hemisphere," John C. Winston Co,, a book suggest
.cd for use by eighth grade geography classes.
Caught in the cross fire of both the DAR and the
State Federation are "Problems Facing Democracy" and
"The Challenge of Democracy."
Currently none of these books is in use in Bend
schools, but all arc being reviewed for possible use next
year. . .
Decision on which of the texts will be purchased
for local use will be made .sometime early this spring,
school authorities advise.
All are on the multiple choice list of recommended
texts prepared by the State Textbook Commission after
careful screening of all books submitted by the nation's
According to authorities, schools are free to pick
any one of the recommended texts for use in classrooms.
The commission, which meets biennially and is made
up of representative educators from all parts of the state,
last year screened social science texts for public schools.
. The commission's recommendations will be effective
"for six years until 1961, when social science texts will
again be reviewed. .
Each -two years the commission meets to consider
some particular category of textbooks. Two years ago,
the group reviewed arithmetic books, before that it
screened language arts texts.
(Tomorrow, more on how books are selected and
some of the specific criticisms.)
"You'll Have to Give Up Your Car, Comrade"
Edson in Washington
Plan More Liberal Than Expected
NEA Washington CorreHpondcnt
dent Eisenhower's special message
to Congress on school aid turned
out to be far more liberal than
most specialists in the field of edu
cation expected.
His goal is 57 billion worth of
new school construction over the
next three years. Six billion of this
is to be slate funds, however. So
the federal share boils down to a
billion-dollar aid program.
That sounds big. But the two-
and - one - third - billion - dollar-
a-year program which the Presi
dent's plan would average out to is
only slightly larger than the 52
billion being spent this year for
new schools, without federal aids.
School officials say that isn't
enough. To meet requirements for
450,000 additional classrooms need
ed over the next three years would
take nearly $15 billion, at an aver
age cost of $30,000 to $35,000 a
room, including land and equip
ment. So from this angle, the
President's program is analyzed
as meeling only half the need.
The bill introduced by Sen. II.
Alexander Smith (R., N.J.) to car
ry out the President's program is
now being studied closely by schcol
officials for possible gimmicks.
The plan to have the federal
government buy up $750 million
worth of local school bonds over
the next three years is brand-new.
The idea is that the U. S. govern
ment would purchase only bonds
that local school districts could not
finance themselves at reasonable
under 3 per cent interest.
There is some fear that this pro
vision would make lending insti
tutions jack up their interest rales
to local school authorities. This
would force the sale of their securi
ties to the federal government,
which is a belter risk.
Kor school districts thnt can't
borrow money at any price, the
President s plan to have those dis
tricts rent their school buildings
from now "Slate School Hullding
Agencies" thai would finance their
conslriiction, is looked upon Willi
considerable misgivings.
Slate Boards of Education don't
like the Idea of having any now
authority set up with any greater
powers than they already possess.
Also, it Is not enlirely clear how
this plan would work out.
If school districts would have to
pay rents high enough to cover
the new agencies' administrative
costs, plus interest and principal
on what amounts to a school con
struction mortgage, and a contri
bution to a reserve fund, then the
ultimate cost to Ihe local taxpayer
might be greater than it is under
present school bond financing.
Three states Pennsylvania,
Georgia and Maine now have such
school building agencies. Indiana
has created an agency but it is
not operative. Wisconsin courts de
clared such an agency unconstl
tulinnal in that state.
That would iravp 13 states un
able lo lene(it from this plan, oven
If Congress approved it immedi
ately. Most state legislatures arc
meeting this year in biennial ses
sion. It is doubtful if they could
act fast enough to create new state
building agencies or derive any
good from them through federal
aid during the next two years.
President Eisenhower's proposal
for outright U. S. Treasury grants
to the poorer, local school districts
demonstrating their inability to fi
nance new school construction, is
what even the all-out states'
rights States seem to want.
The President's message sug
gests $200 million for this program
over three year. This would build
only 2000 modern schoolrooms a
year a minor fraction of what's
For the first fiscal year of opera
tion, beginning next July 1, the
bill for the President's aid to edu
cation Is estimated at $471 million
in new obligational authority. This
would be divided $250 million for
school bond purchase, $150 mllion
for the federal government's half
of the interest and reserve fund
authorities, $66 million in grants
and $:i million in administrative
expenses for the whole works.
Actual expenses are estimated
at $100 million during the first
year. .
Bend's Yesterdays
From The Bulletin, Feb. 17, 11)15
under dispensation from the
grand lodge of Oregon, a Royal
Arch chapter of the Masons was
instituted in Bend on Friday. Clyde
McKay was named high priest and
J. D. Davidson, king.
Ross Fainham recently moved
his offices from Bond street to
quarters in the Deschutes Bank
W. D. Cheney arrived Saturday
from Sentlle, to attend the annual
meeting of the Emblem club.
A horse belonging to Charles
Boyd ran away Saturday and be
fore it was stopped broke a hy
drant near the Bend hotel and
knocked a mud guard off Ernest
Dick s automobile.
O. C. Henkle and James Ryan,
who have been associated in the
real estale business under the
firm name of Henkle and Ryan,
have dissolved partnership.
The application for the change
of the name of the Milliean post
office to Mount Pine has been re
jected by the postal department.
However, the request that the
name of the I,aidlaw post office be
changed to Tumalo has been al
lowed. Residents of Bend believe thnt
Shevlin Interest and the Scanlon
Gipson firm,, both with extensive
pine holdings in this area, will
soon announce plans for the con
struction of sawmills here.
Eighteen Infantry divisions of
Ihe National Guard served in
World War II nine in Europe,
nine in Ihe Far Pacific.
Russet Seed Potatoes
Foundation or Certified
J3.75 '3.50
Bagged & fagged in new sacks at Bonanza cellars.
Phone 2169 (Bonania) Bonanza, Ore.
Spillway Closed,
CHEMULT The overflow spill
way at the Wickiup reservoir,
opened earlier in the year to let
the overflow from the basin es
cape while repair work was un
der way on the spillway apron,
has been completely shut off. J. J.
Taylor, reservoir caretaker, is
busily filling the closed spillway
Gates of the valve house were
opened a Week ago Monday, and
Ihe reservoir will be raised to its
full crest, about 178,000 acre feet
Jack Lochner, student at Ore
gon State College, was home over
the weekend visiting his parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Burdettc Lechner.
Jack is majoring in fish and wild
Carlos Randolph, manager of
the North Unit Irrigation district
with headquarters in Madras, was
at the Wickiup dam earlier this
week inspecting the spillway.
Mr. and Mrs. Lynn Ishmael are
busy delivering yellow pine pitch
posts to ranchers of the Silver
Lake and Fort Rock areas.
A surprise dinner party was
held for Mr. and Mrs. Roland
Holmes, Sr., Monday evening, on
the occasion of their 30lh wedding
anniversary. All the Holmes chil
dren were home, and it was the
first reunion of the entire family
in 12 years. Present were Mr. and
Mrs. Lynn Ishmael and daughters
Elaine, Phyllis, Both, Dorothy,
Mary and Marguerite; Mr. and
Mrs. Thomas Day, Sr., and chil
dren, Thomas and Marilyn: Ro
land Holmes Jr., and Arleta
Holmes, and Mrs. Holmes' molhcr,
Mrs. Emma Cheney.
The Homes Logging Co. has had
a mobile telephone installed in the
firm s pickup truck. It is the first
installed in this community, and
is directly connected with the Bend
More Than 100
Persons Die In
Scattered Fires
Roaring fires in the United
States and Canada have killed at
least 13 persons. Meanwhile, 99
aged women died in Japan's worst
fire since World War II.
The lethal rash of blazes also
included a gas explosion which
ripped through a downtown ac
counting firm office in Seguin,
Tex. Three persons were injured,
one critically. "
This country's worst fire Wednes
day night was at Baltimore, Md,
where a three-story building s fire-
weakened walls collapsed on 20
firemen. At least one fireman was
killed, five more were missing in
the rubble and presumed dead, and
10 were injured.
In Montreal, Canada, at least 11
persons were killed and 10 were
injured when fire destroyed a five
story, block-large apartment house
during a swirling snowstorm.
John Wesler Gunter, a 67-year-old
paralytic was burned to death
as he lay helplessly in his bed at
Indianapolis, Ind., Wednesday.
Die In Beds
The blaze at Yokohama, Japan,
swept through a Catholic Mission
home for old women at dawn to
day. Most of the victims were too
feeble to flee and were burned to
death near their beds.
Forty - five women, including
three nuns of the Franciscan Mis
sionaries of Mary Order, escaped
from the fire-swept two-story wood
en dormitory, which had no fire
escapes or water supply. Another
woman was missing.
The building became an inferno
within minutes as the flames also
destroyed the mission chapel and
two smaller buildings. American
Army and Navy pump trucks
helped Japanese firemen fight the
At Baltimore the search contin
ued today for victims in the fire
which raced through the building
occupied by the Tru-Fit Clothing
The walls on two top floors col
lapsed just as firemen had brought
the blaze under control. Many of
the men were hurtled onto the
burned-out floor below.
Fire Lt. W. Barnes was killed
instantly and Lt. Leonard N. Wiles
was dug out of the wreckage in
terrible pain from injuries caused
when a huge beam dropped across
his legs;
Search For Bodies
; That left five men still buried
under 'the smoking rubble. Fire
men said there was little hope that
they had survived.
A search was also underway at
Montreal for more persons who
may have perished in the burned-
out apartment house.
Two of the bodies recovered
were burned beyond recognition
and at least one of the victims
died when she jumped from a
fourth - floor window. Three other
persons escaped with their lives in
the same manner, but not without
The blast at Seguin, a German
farm community 30 miles east of
San Antonio, was felt eight blocks
To the Editor: s
I wisli to compliment your car
rier on this route. This young man
is John Olson who has displayed
consideration, punctuality and
courtesy throughout his tenure on
the route.
Bend Oregon
Fob. 15, 1955
Selections Made
At Madras High
Special In The Hullolin
MADRAS Deannu Schroedor,
Madras Union high school junior,
and Murray Newton, sophomore.
have been named MM1S Dream
Girl and Boy In an all-School poll.
They wore chosen front eight can
didates by vote of the student
The Dream Girl, n five-fnot, five
inch blonde, won Ihe National Hon
or Society's award in hr fresh
man year. She is a Pep club
member, belongs to Future Home
makers of America, is student
hotly secivtnry. and serves as first
Untrsseneer of Uie Grand Bethel o(
Job's Daughters of Oreijon.
Newton, six-foot, one-inch cacr.
mm a starting place on the MUHS
hot'p squad Ibis year. The young
ster transferred to Madras from
llrrmiston tlis year. The contest
is spciwred annually by the school
journalism department. Winners in
1!)53 wore Colleen Mcucham and
Jerry Sprengel.
School Officials To Visit Eugene
Special to The Bulletin
Three Bend high school officials
will be at Oregon State college
Saturday for a series of individ
ual interviews with recent grad
uates who are now attending OSC.
The three are J. R. Achesoti,
principal: Zola McDougall, dean
of girls, and Dean Tate, dean of
Talks will center around student
progress in college and on strong
and weak points in both the high
school training and counseling for
college and the OSC guidance and
orientation program for new stu
The discussions were started two
years ago by OSC as a means of
better planning tor student needs
and helping new freshmen get
off to a successful start in college.
Eight schools- participated in the
first conference but the plan drew
such wide approval that the num
ber was increased to 16 last year.
This year, nearly 40 high schools
accepted invitations to take part.
Carpets are not harmed by ra
diant floor heating. Temperatures
of the heating system cannot rise
high enough to cause damage or
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