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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View This Issue
.DAILY EAST OREGOWAN, PENDLETON, OREGON, TUESDAY, JUNE 18. 1918.
- --. .wreai. ecr Vfc
" ewfTca at F-eswHe- ; rUy. ea, rj-, by mmU 5.0I
e -roowd-cl, saaal luF. a,x Bths by mail lit
corps of stenographers, gives! Aside from these four causes! Those 800 Germans who at-a" w. j-s se. i- be. i- Soo.tjs,
all its time to the maintenance jof delay the only reason forltacked our 114 men and srot;Twp- 6 N- 35'
lit TV OTHT.R OrTJKS.
rxiilj-. ttitt month by mall
I rw-sSy. one snoata by mall
;r4Jy, cm year by carrier .
lB)sraaJS.wj ajewa ftiana. rwtlnl , t-y. si months by carrier
"i jNw lud, Oregon , Oaily, three months by carrier.
(Vkan .wL"!!!? jaitr, month, by carrier
Jname and address of parent or
other relative or friend design
nated by him to be notified in
emergency. When a casualty
list is received from Gen. Per
positive it will have no military
value to the enemy.
OME anti prohibitionists
like to spread forth the
impression that in a dry
siate moonshiner plants be
of files of soldiers' names and the failure of relatives to re-! licked now realize the Yankees
O A A rncuita . TViia ,1 i , r i i .m-. nsill .... J i. 1 : 1.' : i i t
wc wwu iii. once is military re in xiraiiuenireauy yei,
iies reiauves. consiaerartion. Gen. 1'ershing
, A copy of the roster of each may, at his discretion, with
contingent sailing to join theihold a casualty list until he is
Ljcpeditionary Forces is filed in
card index fashion, each card
bearing the name of one sol
dier, his organization, and the
28 YEARS AGO
Marine in France
Worries More Over
Ball Team Than Foe
Yft..lrr?na. Dl ,
aw atxreea. X. "v.
Iton-aaa tin TV or- ! Sewd-TR-ee-klr. six months, by mail .75 'the
shing each name cabled from; come as thick as the leaves on
Hid W r In The mountains, la
whadow and dew,
Half hh and iair purple,
a fec-aurtirul tone,
in ynor sweetness and frail
at a dreavm
Toss aw at the woodland.
ill lo and iba stream.
cp n tSe craxmi&.
crass of u sky.
. ZVao (b tba sxaiMieur.
aJare4 dose by.
Ctoatent In Uaa sxiUnest, apart
from tba world.
Pure aa tba breezes where tba
astowflakes have whirled. 1
Hid deep ia the forests, Per-
famine tba air.
Not knowing your beauty,
modest and rare,
Tow brlsbtea the regions up
, under the rim
Of the peaks, that foqever are
silent and grim!
Guy M. STEALET.
Amprifln Rvnpilitinnarv'n tnn q n .1 iv.nf-
f orce is listed with the emer-ifor a law violator to avoid de
' , ' . j4?ency address on file in the tectioi. But the successful
, take action at the coming rate jcard index. As rapidly as the raid of Sheriff Taylor, Captain
hearing here to see that the i new list with emergency ad- Williams and others on the
,ide of the eastern Oregon far-1 dresses is built up the tele-1 plant on upper Butter creek
rrrer is aaequaieiy presenteu. ijci. uuijutatcs.iuues 1101 oear out tneir ineory
;ine idea of a uniform rate to
iPortl&nd and Puget sound
points is irrational when dis-
tances and grades are consid
ered. Freight rates should be
; based on the cost or service
These clerks already are sup-; The captured Dlant was locat-
plied with blank telegrams' ed far out in the wilds, almost
which require only the rela- inaccessable even on foot and
tive's address, name of sender, screened from view. Yet it
nature of casualty and the date had been oDeratini? onlv two
and filling in the blank spaces weeks until a vieilant shpriff i klcked ovcr the Jaahioaru
iln time this rule will apply gen- they get the telegrams off as was upon it. If it is such an1' ... ,,... v. ..TV,..-
erauiy uirougnoui, me laiiu. .mv.wo..j iiuuuk. m auuai- easy tning to manuiacture 1111'
(From tho East Orcsonian. June 18
J. W. Thompson, while driving on
the reservation Monduy. ran across
lurste lailgcr, which ho grabbed by
the tail and throw into his woKon. The
animal haft furntahed much umu.se.
nient for its caitors.
Tho welcome shower Monday even
ing ami today wan worth many thou
sand dollars to eastern OreKon farm
ers. J. M. lientloy ha returned from
I'ortland where he has heen combin
ing biisinesa and pleasure by looking
after the street railway project jind
attending the grand lodge of Moaons.
James Heck has a lively honto for
his express wagon purposes. It ran
away last evening and this morning
w !Now is an appropriate time for
-this grain growing region to as
isert its sentiments. Portland is
) lnonr'nllv ntfr1prl in St Inu'pr
A LOWER RATE TO PORT-LAND
on to maintaining the telegraph cit whiskey in a dry state why
blanks for the sake of speed is it that men go so far into the
the statistical division is sup-1 wilderness to set up their stills
plied with sets of form letters and if So easv tn nvnirl nrrecf
rate from the interior than is to be filled in and mailed when ; why do moonshiners keep an
beattle. ine inland grower
can afford to cooperate in the
matter because v our farmers
will gain by reductions.
hoboes out today endeavoring to make
ABOUT CASUALTY RE-PORTS
-J' ELATIVES of soldiers
named in casualty, lists
forwarded from France
ordinarily are notified witW.n
24 hours after receipt of the
further details are available. ! armed guard to watch against.
While relatives are general- surprise? It might also be
ly in receipt of information appropriate to ask why, if vio
within 24 hours after the cables lations of the law are so easy,
are received, delays are some-the price of whiskey remains so
times due to clerical errors i high and why it is so few drunk
caused by the fact that names men are to be found these days.
musi pass tnrougn so many
Herbert A. Thompson et list to
Thomas Thompson, 1, E5 1-2 SW. 1-4
tec. 22, Twp. 2 N. i S3.
Thomas Thompson et ux to Her
bert A. Thompson 135. W. 1-2, XIV,
1-4 See. 2 Twp. 1 N. R. S3.
hands in France and in Amer- The Austrians are hittintr1 w .V". ' 'iTV,." 1. TlV
emergency aa- ine Italian line Wltn . almost 224 Res. Addition. Pendleton.
ATIxA-NTA, Ga., June 18 Although
In constant danger of being killed or
wounded by the Boche shells, gas
bombs and bullets, Gardner dams, 19
years old Atlanta lad serving with the
U. a Margies In "rance. Is greatly
perturbed because the Atlanta base
ball club, of the Southern league, la
going bad and has just lost seven
In a letter to his mother, instead
of telling of the number of Germans
ho has killed or captured, the brave
youngster complains about the show
ing of the Crackers, declaring that
he Is the -butt' 'of endless "kidding"
at the hands of several New Orleans
boys in his company.
"When our lads have spirit like
that while suffering all the hardships
of the trenches, how aro you going to
beat 'cm?'' said First Sergeant Gal
way, of the local office, after read
ing the lad's letter. .
oid max hit in
itio AUTO THICK
SEATTLE, June 18. Frank B. Mar
tin, 65, 203 Vellevue ave.. is in Seattle
General hospital with Injuries that
may cause death which were sustain
ed when he was hit by an auto truck
driven by E. E. Pels, 238 Central
bidg., at Fourth ave. and Union at.
According to statements of wit
nesses, both I'eli ana Martin Became
confused at the street intersection.
The wheels of the truck passed over
Martin's body. He sustained, concus
sion of the brain, a possible fractured
Bkull, a broken rib, broken leg and
serious internal injuries.
dresses turned in by soldiers, their total strength, but do not1 Lillian Crawford to Hency j.
removal of families to address- seem to make "varrlao-P " ott l- N- -2 SE- Bnd x- J - NE-
es other than those listed, and i . i1; nd fw- !-8W- .V -NE- 1"-
MATILLA county has a ,list8 according to a statement the occasional necessity for J There are plentiful chancea i Isaac Jay et uV to Wvey u Payne
vital interest in. ine suD-,autnonzed Dy ine war juepart- caDiing pacK to oen. .Pershing for adventure these dav with 5aou' lots 3 and 4 block u Hermia-
lect of jrrain freight ment. A "statistical division to-verify a name or to obtain nut i, . ton orchards.
rates and by all means should (with a staff of officers and aaa,address.
-i . i iuii uminrua,
niOOnsnine ictcr KroKh et ux to Ira Shortrldse
LONDON", June 1 8. Construction
of Norwegian merchant shipping in
May exceeded for the first time dur
ing the war the tonnage destroyed by
submarines during the same month,
according to a Copenhagen dispatch
to the Exchange Telegraph Company.
The tonnage sunk was 17,800 while
the new construction amounted to
WESTERN UJilQii DOES
NOT ACCEPT RULING
tlAK lADUK DUflKll
President of Company De
clares it is Not Binding ;
Because Not Unanimous
NEW YORK, June 18. President
Carlton of tho Western Union, writing
the President, virtually declined to-'
accept the ruling of the war labor
board as the President requested, un
less forced to by the government.
He said the board's flndng is not
binding because it was not unanimous.
He said there Is no danger of a tele,
Carlton sold the Western Union dl
rectors and executives would -deeply
deplore being forced to lay aside
safeguards as experience has showu
them a requisite, and believed essen
tUil to effective telegraph servlc." .
Carlton said. "VV desire to be per
fectly fair with you, sir, as we have
been with the board."
He said, "We are not favorable to
sharing the responsibilities of con.
ducting a great publlo service with
members of outside organizations
whose Interests are personal rathe
Carlton said. "We desire to be per
mirr.niutin to the Western Union
would "under the pretext of war em-,
ergency waive Its right to stolka dur
ing the war but would carry on a
propaganda to get sufficient members
to disorganize the company after the
war, if the Taft-Walsh suggestions be
For Target; Shells Her
WASHINGTON-, June 18. A war
ship engaged recently In target prac
tice mistook the battiesnip j-ouiiana
for a target and exploded a ahell
aboard her, killing one man, the navy
department announced today. The
accident was due to hasy weather.
'The man killed was Fireman Moses
L. Morgan of Gulf Point, Fla.
HEX Ilia Scbendero
vitca catered the
headquarters ia New
York as a recruit for
the Jewish battalion.
which is to serve in
Palestine as a Dart of the British army,
be did aot at first glance eon form to one'i
ideas of what a fighting idcist should
He was in tact very unimpressive, for
bis figure is short ssd slight and his face
very boyish and not of the militant type
as wa used to conceive it before the war
taught us that a first class fighting man
also may be of high brow and gentle
appearance. His expression is smiling
and pleasant and he wears a very old oni
' form dingy with mnch service and mend
ed ia a Bomber of places.
But on the breast of his worn soldier's
blouse there gleams the cross of St
George, the highest medal for valor
awarded to a Bnssian soldier. Only
soldier in the ranks may win It, and it is
higher than any medal awarded to an
This insignificant, small Jewish boy.
who appears so little of the militant ideal
ist, has in fact cherished some of the
' - most glorious dreams that ever were
known to men. For them be has fought
for two and a half years in the Kus&ian
trenches and, since it appeared to him
that there was no longer sn opportunity
to fight for them ia Ku&sia, be has set
aut on bis travels around the world to
find a place where he can give bin life
for the advancement of liberty and de
mocracy for all men, and for the exten
sion of justice to the Jewish rare.
Be feels that be has found this place in
the Jewish Battalion, and in his own
words be is "very grateful to the British
government for the opportunity to apill
bia blood on the sands of -Palestine, thl
borne of bis ancestors."
A Ktvolutionul at a Boy.
It was when be was twelve years old
that Schenderovitch became a revolution
ist. There were msny things to bring
this about. There was the seething dis
content a monr the great inaates of th
people ia Petrozrad who had awakened to
the idea of what a democracy might do
far them if they might establish it in
ptwes of the rule of the Tssr. And tb.n
tare was the special wrongs of the Jewa,
their excluaion from so much that was
aany impositions sod cruel wrongs that
were practised acsuut them is the name
of religion. As be wss sn alert and emo
tional boy he cherished the keenest re
sentment st these wrongs snd be resolved
thst when be was a man be would do bis
beat to brlp bis countrymen throw off
His first rhanre to suffer for liberty
reme, curiously enough, through America
When be was srventeea years old be bad
for some tima associsted himself with
revolutions ry grosps in Petrorrsd, and
ne day there came to him from America
a tonality of literature containing revo
lutionary propaganda On the way frots
the station to the bom of S-henderovitrb
the bos was broken and the revnlutinnarr
pampalrta were discovered. Beheadcr
witch was arrrated and thrown into prisos
for foor meet ha
At the breaking out of the war rV-hea-derovitra
with eroree of his comrade
hurried ta the front ia defence of their
ros n try. for they were loiai Kuaaiaas an.1
ware esrer t take part La the straggle li.
defeat the Germans. For two years ssd
AKMY FROM THE JNS1DB
. ... .
r?- 1 r,y , 1
II ' - '! , l ' II
It -r ' S Xal C.ft1'. I
a Misi-smnawViiiiTi r umitr-Z-Z' -Xi..'."" . . ' . ailrT iirTf I
a Youthf uLSoIdier
JHkla aw as sa aa.t.U.a.. Iwt. m.iA a vt . j !...., - w. as tun. K,tO
. ... , , . .Jth food was fmproTftl
a half lie Buffered In the Rufcaian trenches.
He was gassed, shell shocked and
wounded, but that which tie describes as
the most terrible of all that hs had to
undergo was hanger.
"That was so terrible with me and with
many other soldiers. he explained, "that
my body, my legs and arms hare been
swollen to three times their natural size
It was either hunger or bad food mos
of the time when we were under the
treacherous command gf those German
spies who were passing themselves off ai
We were giren a loaf of hard bread
a day and nothing more for weeks at a
tume. Then once in a while as a change
we would hare soup made of red beet
in which we could dip our bread. For
many weeks we would grt no hot food at
all. I can emomber having mat ontr
once or twice all the time that I serre-i
the' army. We were at times girer
potted meat, but when it was opened if
wss so bad tha' it was unfit even for
the most hungry. Jt was positively de
Five or Six Cartridges a Day.
Home idea of I lie trearhcry or indif
ference of oor generals, our Minister of
War and other officials who had to do
itb provisioning and equipping the army
can be gotten frm the fact that we were
t first given only five or six cartridges
dsy. This went on for a year before
Kerensky came in. When Kerenskr waV
at the head of the government we were)
given 250 cartridges a day, and ne Wfri
also given proper equipment, new nni-,
But before Kerensky rsme In, he.
ea use we were so short of ammunition
and equipment always, we fought witb
anything that we could find at tile mo
ment, aometimee it wss with rhiiis or
with axea, and in the Carpathians fouxht
with our hands.
"At one time when tresebry and in
difference had completely demoralized
sections of the army boys with less than
six weeks trsining were aeot to the
front. Tbey did not eves know bow to
handle a gun. During an engagement j
have seen them running over the field
and asking each other bow tbey could
load their pieree. Is consequenre lots .f
these boys g"t their finders blown off
sn.l were otherwise wounded by their owe
"Yon can imsgme the demoralisation of
boya who had never bad any training in
camp, w ho had. some of them, never bevu
a a ay from home before they were rushed
off to take part la a battle. With no
'ralainr, no prnj-er equlpDient and no
real leadership, tbesa bojs were driven
frantic. I have ares them when tbey
tUA SCHENDEROVITCH WEARING HIS ST. GEORGE'S CROSS.
were under fire rtishin- around the field
tliotiting for their motlirri and father
to come to their aid. 'Motlirr! Motbcr !'
they would cry as rh"y were dj ing.
A'o 5crue of Discipline.
"Tbey acre so little inalriM-ffd in w:ir
fare that even a ben tbt-y were in the
trenrbes they did not stay in tliPiu ditrinx
the enemy's fire The llitesisn Ivo's nrf
very tender hrsrte.1 in sonic ways, and
having bad no military discipline thy
would rush from fblr frem-ho ahrn
fhey aaw their comradea. often boys
had come with tlim from home sttd wfm
were like brothers to them, struck down
by the enemy. Tb-y would rtih ont to
the wound'-d. ph k tht-m up. kis tlu-m sttd
nurse them la their anus as a mother
"In a battle near Vi'srvsw. in l!l"i.
ae mere Bold out r-y our offif rs. Tb
bayonet chaWe was Dot so l.nd, Init we
were ordered to dtop onr runs snd re-
inowcd den l.y iUl- i.?rmans. Our of.
fi-rrs snd Utsf in the Wiir ffi'-e lis-
iciud to t'vrr.u iiiii- t!i:it the Kiiis-r W'il
b"lm tobl tlifio to do. Tb'-J eonsiderid
Iiim tlM-ir superior offieer atid sold llieir
rotmtry. SoLkolin'i a:i the most treacb-'
rrtms .if all llMk "ncni I.'
"J nev'r mint to reiwntlM'r Itarano
vltib, for I was E.n-srd there and 5iM"
Kio-siiirt rl tlo ir liv.-s tfi that f ir ! t- it
liifted all nlzitt and si) day. heziiiniiig st
lii'iit, tt'lu-ti were siibterti-d to u surprise-
sttaek. Th t;,.ro:ans surround. -d
is un four i'b s. aiid f. r tlie first tllni
they us. d the ll.irt.v-tw mile sun, also
the (,'a ntta'k snd !ra'''d us with liiml
fire. Tlie Iti nvens w ere rid and (:iliiini: i
metal fell over our'iio-n. sr:d sllhiml. i
a. had re.piistors the sns -nme wqtiiik
that rnarv of lis r.ill tot pet tbeni sd
justed. Ju-t a lift
aoiilj flow from oni
rr,me with gas aud died tn fhat Duauion,
tlicir eyes starting from their heads and
their Darkened tonciiea lialiKius out
'1'bi-y had heeu so terrified when tbey
were estilit by Ihe gas that the tendons
of their arms stiffened in tins position
in whieh tbey were caught and their
arms cnuld not he hent back again.
Medical Service Overworked.
"Uurm slid after these great battles
the medical serviec was so overworked,
so few in .lumbers lj contfiarison to the
need, (hut tliere m-emed to be no doctors
it all. Men Moo like flim sll over the
hatt.'efield. There was no one to pick
them up or look after them. 1 wss so
maddened by what I saw. as were many
of the other soldiers, thst' if my own
mother Ind ,,,, to the battlefield I wou'd
lisve kilbd Ler with a bayonet just lik?
biff ard l.brtwl iny one ele. M'e were frantic and did
lopfh. .Many oftot know ahat ae did nor what to do
he luen put tl:eir hatid I I to j
I respirators, but were c-i!-Sht
treat, and It wa then'tLat , we were hauls part way up TL-y
dj'iwt their. IleiL We retreated over men's fates.
aith their' "Von awk me ahat ! received the Cross
a-ero orrr- of Saint Ceorre for. It was on sr. oc
casion when the Germans had captured
our outpost and cut us off from t rest
of our line, getting around back of na
German sentries were posted along line
running from the German lines and be
tween our section of the Russian line
which had been cut off and the rest of the
Russian forces. It was necessary that
we re-estrhlish communications with the
other end of our line and my commanding
officer assigned me to carry a message to
the superior officer In charge. To do this
it was necessary for me to get through
the German sentry line. This I did crawl
ling on my stomach ovcr the Russian No
Man's Land. It took great caution to
accomplish this, and it wss also said that
it required courage to persevere in the
task. As I was successful in my mission
I was grven the cross.
"When the revolution wss declsred w
were all very bappy because we believed
that at Inst we should have liberty.
greater opportunities of happiness for
every oneond freedom from persecution
and eouol rights for Ihe Jewa The regi
ment to which I belonged, the Fifty-third
Volynske of the Fourteenth division, was
the first to support the revolution ana I
was one of four men to raise the red
The soldiers of Russia considered Ker
ensky a champion ef the Russian cause.
And most of them still consider mm so.
It is not true that Kerensky sold Russis.
t and most Russian soldiers would will-
mrlv fia.it for Kerensky at any tlma lie
worked like a ranatic to rati ins revo
lution a success. He became ill from
ihardwork. Whatever anybody aaya about
Kerensky do not believe that he ever sold
linssis. Ue Immediately made everything
verv much better for the men in the army.
as I have aald, and warned ns that we
carried our rifles in. our right bsnds and
democracy In the left end if we threw
down our rifies we would los ne revoin
Then Came Trolzks.
"Then came TroUky from America and
Lenine from Switzerland. Coming from
America you can well imagine that Trot
zky had a great Influence over na Ira
mediately TroUky and Lenine began tti
tell the people that they would make
everything right for them, they need not
ficht any mora They aaid thst tba capi
talists of Russis had been drinking the
blood of the soldiers and that the people
should go to the capitalists sad tell them
thst they sh.Mild give up their money sr
thst sll should shar alike.
"At first these promises were wonder
ful. The people had bsd three snd s
half years of war. they bad lost so many
men and had bad such bad leadership
and had been so much betrsyed that they
turned to Trotrky ana Lenins t
they promised them peace, justice for ail,
liberty and equal property rights.
"In this way the Bolshevik! began tj
take charge of Russia. And the Bolshsw
vikl Invited the Germans In, We do no
know now whether Trotsky and Lenin
are German agents, but undoubtedly the
are in favor of the Germ ana But most
of all, they are in fsvor of power for therax
selves, snd to keep their power and to In
crease it tbey have done what they havw.
They believe that they can retain control
of Russian affairs, but this cannot be ao.
They may keep on for little while, bnt
then there will come another revolution
The Russians wast a republic, but ia
their hearts they, would rather have
monarchy than the Bolshevik!. If I had
been willing to Join the Bolshevik! the
would have (Wen me a high position 1
probably they would have made me gen
eral that is the way tbey do thing. Bof
although r am a revolutionist I am not a
traitor and I would have nothing to OS
with them. I
"There Is another thing that the Rne
sians will not have In the end, they will
not have German rule. The German
have everything now they have the food,
the steel, the Iron and Ihe le.id-every.
thing. It may go along for two or threw
years so. lint In his neart ine li'issiaw
detests the German nod despises hlag
and eventually be will arum ami trees;
the German. And he never will he sad
isfied until ha has thrown all tlia Trail
sians out of his country. I
"As for me, since I wonld not Join tho
Bolshevik!, there wss not bins for c bnl
starvation In Russia. Unices I was nl'b
ing to Join them they were not wiiiina
that I should have anythl.ir it all. And
I also saw thst so far aa Ihe Jews wtr .
concerned the revolution haj beii of ne
avail. With Kerensky '.t lon-i- no dir
ference whether man wss a Je- or
Gentile. But allhouch Trotsky 1 a Jiw,
the pogroma aiainst the Jews Imve hejua
again In Russis. I bnd fought for Uos
siai I had fought and spilled my Mood ,
for the revolution, bnt Trotikv. who U
Jew himself, cares much men about bis
own power than be does shout .itice te
the Jews, For that reason be an- lenine
afford no mora justice tn the -er than
they received from the Tssr.
I therefore decided thst I t-on I leave
my own country and come la be ' n'ted
Statea, and I made my way -Siberia
to Vladivostok and then ka
bama.. There the English . ut
me money for my passage to . - sad
afterward Jewish socities holpt I t
reach New York. i
Through starvstlbn I was ret? - t
weighing only ninety-seven pouii . sad
you can see that I am much better oov
ndeed quite well hi some waya. B;u stiO
I am not well. .or I dream and wake nf
in the night. My fingers tighten, for 1 .
think that I see a German. Aa for corn
ditlons In Russia, the atarvation of I ha
people, the chsoa and hopeless misery, tha
terrible disappointment that the revolt
tion should have brought them so little
of what they bad hoped for. If I could '
lake my heart out and giva il to run te
read, perhaps yon could nnderstand It,
I ennnet tell you any other way. I
"In Russia I have no home now, and
I am not allowed freedom. My mot he
snd father being Jews- have Bo fr . .Ions.
But now that the British government has
offered to give ths Jews l'aleatrm-. I tcet
that as a Jew I wish once more to f.gba.
r wonld not wish to be like a heir.-nr and .
bike something for nothing A i
Christiana have apilled then
Palestine it ia right thst we J.
do our part I aa twenty r
old. but I have lived so nnni
I aometimee feel I cannot a
any longer. I feel that I ba
the place where a mas ought
- is ta