East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current, September 21, 1916, ROUND-UP SOUVENIR EDITION, SECOND SECTION, Page Page Nineteen, Image 19

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    Pase NirHrn
Twenty-Four Paft
1fjbD.ymT (9ORSBTS
Front Laced
The Wert Kxtensinn of the 1,'matll-. rigated Hip mining year. All the project. They are Irrlgon and Hoard- Twnty-rive homesteads have Ik - h
la i-rojeet I lev nlnn the Col'imliiu ditches are being lined throughout man, Irrigon In in the eastern part, .,. ned by the ko rnment around'
with concrete, and all the headgatcH and ha,becn a koo'1 town for a num- thiy new town, ni.-.i'ut' them having'
are heavy concrete. It Is considered her of yearn, but with the opening Wen filed on; and about iorty more
the nioxt perfect irrigation system oi the government project. It haw ta- Dft opened thin fall or early win
yet built by the government. : ken on new life. Many Improved t,r. These homesteads comprise 40
thirty' Tne flriit unlt ot the West Exten-1 places surround it where alfalfa and a(T(,H This land is an good alfalfa
county fairs. Private lands are a!o sold over the
be irrigated 1 ,1I)n locating on the homestead tracts; ISeing located on the riyer, it Is entire West Extension at reasonable
and at this time, about twenty-five; free from frosts and the fruit cropst prices and on easy terms.
new farms have been selected, and are always certain. Four crops of The success of the new project Is
work on many of them has been 'of afalfa are hurvented each season, j asmired, and two large and prosper-
rivt r in Northern Morrow county, one
hundred and sixty miles east of Port
land. It is a strip of land two to four
milt a wide und twenty-fivo miles
lone, and comnrlHej soim
... ,1,1 slon was opened last June. Since that i fruit are produced in the first prize
.., . . u,, tlne .tdpr'g nave ben,, buying land winning c.la at the county fairs.
eleven lliousana are to be, irrrlgated ,1I)n locating on the homestead tracts' ISeing located on
under the present arrangements, but
a reservoir site Is convenient to the
center of the project that will sup-
ply water for the entire thirty thou
sand acres when completed.
The main canal Is twenty-seven
miles long, and Is lined with con
crete the entler distance. The rec
lamation service has kept a large
force of men and teams Tiusy all sum
mer, one hundred men and as many
teams now being employed construct
ing the laterals of the distributing
system for the land that Is to be Ir-
started. Only about three thousand The town ha good schools and ous communities will be developed in
acres were opened for irrigation in ' churches, and a fine class of people. the near future. It w one of the best
June, 1ut the balance of the first I The plat of Hoardman was filed , new sections In the entire west. The
eleven thousand acres will be opened lust December, and it now has a post -late
this fall, perhaps sometime In! office, railroad station, school, U. 8.
November. When this opening Is de-! commissioner (for home-stead fillngsl
clared there will foe forty new home-(boat landing, lumber yard, feed store,
steads of an average area oo forty, drug store, hardware More, general
acres. All of this Is good land, and! store, livery stable and blacksmith
easy to reclaim. shop. A water system Is being install-
Two good towns are located on this d.
climate is very mild, the elevation
under 400 feet; transportation i j
water and rail is already available, 1
markets are near, and the soil Is of
the very best kind for alfalfa and dl-j
versified products. It will stand the'
hiL'heHt intensified furminir unA Htin-1
port a dense population.
Irrigation Projects in Umatilla County
(Continued from Page IS.)
thereof It makes the supply last
K'aturally In the first three or four
years ef reclamation there were many
ideas as to what were the best crops
to raloe and consequently most every
thing was tried out, and much time
and money Wits wasted following
wrong leads. I say wasted but It was
hare'ly that for someone had to do
the experimenting although it was a
shame that the Individual farmer had
te stand the brunt of the mistakes. It
was about the time that the fruit In
dustry was having one of Its periodic
booms, Something by the way that
does more Injury to the fruit Indus
try than any one other thing, and
thousands of acres were put to or
ehards of all descriptions and all va
rieties of fruit. Now, no one dlst
rlot can raise a number one fruit of
all kinds and varieties, for they re
quire different climatological and soil
conditions and so It resulted thatsthe
majority of these orchards failed.
Some few varieties of fruit can be
rained successfully on these projects
and It Is also true of garden truck and
berries. Now they know Just what to
raise; they are past the experimental
' I might enumerate ninny more
troubles that were experienced in the
first rush of reclamation but the
abore gives you some Idea of what the
people were up ngnlnsf. It is simply
history repealing iif IT and l t'P'
oal ef all Innd reclamation In the new
world. Few of the pioneers make a
suecewt and many of the original set
tlers have been forced out on these ir.
rtgated projects, but now conditions
are changing and a settler now has
the advantage of the accumulated ex
periences of others. If a man has suf
ficient capital to pay for his land
there Is no reason why he cannot
make a success providing he will
take the ndvice offered him by those
in charge of such work, and provided
farther that he Is not afraid of work.
He must not expect to reap returns
the first year and even the second
may show no balance but what good
solid business does pay right from
the word go? If he Is developing his
land properly he need have no fear
but that he will come out on top and
Jola the ever Increasing band of those
who are becoming Independent and
happy In the great work of reclaiming
arid lands of the Northwest. And
compared with the majority of other
unctions of the V. S, he hns an ideal
climate In which to live and raise his
In the following I am briefly giving
a few facts about each project. A
glance will show that alfalfa is fast
becoming the principal crop and corn
ll fast taking Its place as the rotation
crop with It. This means stock rais
ing snd dairying is developing Into
quite an Industry, and silos are being
erected more each year. Hons are al
so rxtenslvely raised and some have
small bunches of sheep. Alfalfa en
riches the soil, nltrnfles it and breaks
up the soil particles so that it holds
moistnre better. This year much of
the oldor land on the best soils re
qulrnd no Irrigation until after the
first cutting of alfalfa, Some of the
land Is now more or less sub-Irrigated
and requires little or no water and in
some cases drainage systems hnve been
Installed leading the water back to the
river again making It available for
more irrigation further down. The
West Kxtennlon of the Hermlston pro
6,000 acres actually Irrigated and
The water right is very good as the
project has a right to water direct
from the river during all the summer
months and for Jhls season Cold
Springs reservoir with Its 50,000 acre
feet storage was constructed. The
water rights sell at $70 per acre, 20
years graduated payments and no In
terest charges.
The land Is going faster and faster
now and most of the contracts make
It compulsory for the buyer to' get
I uuh) ana improve ms iuiiu. uuuu
land on Kast Project can now be ob
tained for tZS to $45 per acre which
a few years ago was held for H75 to
1200. On this project N. P. land In
, 1908 sold for Sf5 to 190 per acre
, while now on the West Extension
, smoother and more attractive land
held by the same enmpanv Is valued
at $10 to $20 per acre. This reduc
tion Is fairly typical of the entire pro
ject and shows that land owners are
doing away with flim-flamming and
Development is now going ahead
quite rapidly and It is expected that
the year 1917 w ill see more than 1000
acres of raw land put into cultiva
tion, all Into alfalfa. This land was
bought this season by a colony of
Swiss from western Washington who
Intend transferlng their dairy busi
ness over to the project.
Under this project which lies along
the west bank of the I'matllla river
are endeavoring to give straight facts I ,h'r' are about 15.000 acres, of which
and figures.
Although the character and qual
ity of the soil is not so good on this
project as on most of the other two
surprising results have been obtain
ed, for the soil Improves rapidly with
the production of alfalfa. The sys
tem of water distribution Is very good
and the management Is excellent.
The acre foot plan of water disposal
and measurement Is used and this is
the-best of systems as It gives the
rancher the .benefit of any saving of
water by reducing his maintenance
charge, and this, naturally. Is an In
centive to the farmers to use the best
methods of irrigation which in turn
means better crops.
At least 80 per cent of the land is
In alfalfa, the balance In orchards,
corn and small fruits and melons
Watermelons do fine here and com
mand top prices on the market as
they are both early and of good slie
no. I I'ltallty. Considerable of the hay
is baled or chopped and shipped, but
a ilniriiii; keeps Increasing more of
It will lie used at home.
The Furnish project, located at
Ptanfleld, consists of about 10.000
acres of which probably 5,500 are un
der application nnd S.500 actually
under Irrigation and Improved. This
about 4.000 acres are developed. The
soil is good on this project, the best
being on their High Une ditch, and
the land lies well for Irrigation. Due
is some corn and early garden stuff
and family orchards.
The water right to this project is
good for the spring flow but not for
the summer months but the soil holds
sufficient moisture to raise a good
second crop of alfalfa and sometimes
a third cutting. They lack a storage
unit and steps are now being taken
to build two reservoirs which will
hold ample water for summer use and
when these are completed settlement
will take place rapidly for land prices
are reasonable, the soil Is good, the
land lies well and the irrigation sys
tem is well constructed. Consider-
to scarcity of water in the dry years able water has been lost through
of '14 and '15 what orchards were
planted failed and so alfalfa is prac
tically the only crop grown. There
A Poetic Tribute
Will 1 take In the Round-l'p? Tou
can bet I will.
There's- the one show in the coun
try that's worth while.
All the time I'm there I'm laugbin'
fit to kill,
Though I've been to shows an nev
er cracked a smile.
At Pendleton It's difrent. There you
get a run "
For ev'ry piece of money that you
Something' loin' all the time bar !"
an' bar'ls o' fun,
An' ev'ry fellow that you meet's
your friend.
Jfjolly cowboys, pretty cowgirls, liv
en up the game;
Then-'? Injur.--OU- '.: ar.' f ; ':iv
seepage In the main canals but this Is
becoming less as the ditches silt up
more each year.
In the delivery of water, the rota
tion system Is largely used and al
though some ranchers are supplied
with a steady flow while the season
lasts It Is becoming less popular each
year as they become educated up to
the advantages of the rotation sys
tem. It Is to be hoped that within a
few ears that both this project nd
the Furnish will adopt the acre foot
plan of water delivery as then a man
pays for what water he gets and he
can use much or little as he prefers.
Considerable stock Is fed on this
project during the winter months,
large stock men buying up the hay
and having it fed right from the stack
on the ranches. There are some very
fine appearing alfalfa ranches on the
W. L. A I. Co. project and good crops
are being obtained.
. CI
' M W0w' xt
. If . '
Sitting or
Lying Down
When you stop to think that
you spend between five and six
thousand hours every year in
your corset, you must realise
how Important it is that you
have a perfectly comfortable
A poorly fitting corset fre
quently leads to severe nervous
and organic troubles which
cause years of suffering.
In the MODART Corset we
have a garment that always
gives genuine comfort, sitting,
standing or lying down.
A perfect found
ation for fitting and
wearing dresses!
and gown -
MODART Corsets form the
proper foundation upon which
to build, the clothes and give
them that peculiar elegance and
attractiveness which is so much
sought after.
The smooth perfect fitting
back, the graceful body lines
and the pliable resilient boning
contribute to displaying the tai
lored suit and delicate evening
gown In all their beauty.
"A fine form U
better than a
fine face"
Ralph Waldo Emerson.
After all, the acme of ieanty
is the expression; the life, the
, freedom, of a beautiful figure.
Ease and comfort of motion
unconsciousness of any re
straint permit this freedom,
this joy and zest which gtves
true expression to beauty.
It is along these linestak
ing health and Joy in life as a
basis that
MODART Corsets
are designed and every wear
er stands as fine proof of its
419 White Coutile $3.50 K-700 Pink, $5.00 E-821 White Broche $8.00
I - Vo 'l.
J- -a-
Why, it's
I nn'all pappoosc.
project h:is the best soil of the three! ;(1yut Wft,
nnd Is probably ""e to produce n;
greater diversity of crops than either j
uieton turns loose. n
KVry U
of the other two,
The water rleht to the project Is j
fairly good, the supply for the sum
mer months coming from a storage !
reservoir on the Viiuitilla river which
has a capacity of about 5.S00 acre
feet. The water right for the reser
race Is
the square.
i . i Anilfdv from return
waters and It probably has the best voir and also for spring flow Ir i the
water supply on the Umatilla river.
Development Is now showing a lit
tle speed on the three projects nnd
they are on the verge of rapid settle
ment. The days of doubt nnd trouble
are about over and the projects nre
showing up fine. A trip over them
should convince the most skeptical
that wonderful results are being ob
tained down that way and that good
canal are very good, the only place
vhere some doubt might exist as to
good water service being In the small
size of the reservoir and in the small
size of the main canal. However,
with proper methods of distribution,
enlargement of the canals, and co
operation on the part of the farmers
there Is no reason why there should I
rot he sufficient water for the en
..-. in .fnr. for the nroiect tire project wnen u is iun ue
firmer I hnve visited several fine Steps nre already being taken to ac
fields of alfalfa this season which eompllsh these ends,
wnre seeded late In the spring. They
were cut about the end of July and
showed up poorly, but by the middle
of Aogust they certainly made fine
appearance, good heavy stand and al
most knee deep In growth. Those
newlv seeded fields have yielded this
Raw land Is held at around $150
per acre which Includes a water right
which Is paid on long time graduated
payments. About 75 per cent of the
land Is In alfalfa, the balance beln
In fruit nnd some vegetables and ber
ries. Small fruits thrive well here
vear from one to one and a half tons and bring good market prices ne-
of alfalfa to the ncre and next yenr cause of the enrllhess of the senson
will yield a splendid profit. Dairying is well advanced on this
It. H. R. S. Hermlston rrojot. rroject and now herds are being
nst project contains about 25,000 brought In. A combined creamery
g, and cheese factory has recently been
West Extension contains about SO,- built lit Stanfleld and It has been a
0t acres Just thrown open this year, success from the start. A Mr. Ad-
Bsst project contains about 14,000 olph Sahll, a Swiss cheese expert Is
acres under application. 1. e. Includes operating this enterprise and it Is
reclaimed nnd developed land, Partly proving profitifole to the owner as
developed land and balance ready for well ns a good market for the farmers
development milk and cream. There are a number
1M00 cres of holdings, part of each of silos on the project nnd the num-
ranc.h developed or all developed. Ing raised each year.
home must buck.
That is if he'.-! a nnd one;
don't count.
If yo lose you can't feci bad
Jest played out o' luck
An' you've no kick a-comln'
the amount.
Seeln' the big doin's at the track i , 0
only part ; o
Of the good time at the Round-Up,
for at night
Happy Canyon's 'cross the street, and
there you get a start
At doln' things out west, an you
start right
There's gamblln' games of every
kind; the limit ts the sky.
There's dancin' like we had in '(4;
Drlnkln' too, but it don't count, now
that the state's gone dry,
Still what you drink is wet and
tastes like more.
I'm lined up for the Round-Up. "Let
'er Buck!"
Is the college yell of all the chaps
I know.
Uiiln' to it once Just gets a fellow
So that ev'ry year he wants to see '
the show.
It's better ev'ry time an' draws a big
ger crowd;
It builds up a big city over night
Every one that takee It In has reason
to be proud,
For the Round-l'p's a big slice of
what's all right
John Elcott Mills, in Pacific Semaphore.
1 iocaoE3oaor- iopocs
I i )
! I t'i-i , "ALWAYS BEST
some fl j I I , i -
'""lie Ef
3 fed 2
UQ 331 s3
1 nil wwi
nil if r if 1
i y Wo
roraocs: ipaoi 1 iono
, La or loaoc:
i Alexander Dcpt Store
liiiiliiiii is Where You Aim
NE thing more than steady nerves, clear eyes and a good
rifle, is necessary to do good shooting, that ia reliable
ammunition. A good marksman is always sure of him
self, sure of his rifle and sure of his ammunition.
Smokeless and Black Powders.
"U S"
22 Cartridges.
If you use a rifle or revolver, you should read the booklet "Tests that
Tell." For over fifty years U. S. Cartridges have been the standard of am
munition manufacture. Uniform accurate powerful "they hit where
you aim."
Try Tho lUack Shells Kntiroly at Our Expon. Prove for your-M-ir
what make of shell i Ihnu
Don't take our word regarding the superiority of The Pluck
Shells. Prove for yourself what shell will give you best results.
We'll furnish three "l. S." llluck Shells without cost to you. And we'll show you how
;"i"m quickly, easily, convincingly. It s an interesting test for any shooter to make
Come In and get the "three free."
We'll jrive you an illustrated booklet, also, tolling How to Tent Shell and the VlukliiK
of a Marksman.
Even if you don't try the testa, you should have these booklets.
They give the simplest, most stralKht-forward. most complete description 4-ver written
regarding the essential features of a good shot shell and how to recognise them.
Thine booklets are fully Illustrated, concise, easy to read and small enough to fit your
P fl 6
4 8 d
m J it- .' A
211-213 EAST COURT ST.