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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View This Issue
DAILY EAST OREGONIAN, PENDLEtOS, OREGON, TtTE&D.VV, DECEMBER 4, 10.
A Big Saving to You.
25 per cent
Cut on every Hat.
6 pes. 50c and 60c Suiting
this week at, yard 39c
$1.25 Heavy Suiting 89c
$1.50 Dress Goods
at, yard - $1.25
$1.75 Dress Goods
at, yard $1.25
at, yard - - (Oc
(Continued from page 1.)
ed, but the crime Is particularly fre
quent In respect to block men. The
greatest existing cause of lynching Is
the perpetration, especially by black
men, of the hideous crime of rape
the most abominuble In all the' cate
gory of crimes, even worse than mur
der. Mobs frequently avenge the com
mission of this crime by themselves
torturing to death the man commit
ting It: thus avenging In bestial fash
ion a bestial deed, and reducing them
selves to a level with the criminal.
I call attention to the ned of pass
ing the bill limiting the number of
hours of employment of railroad em
ployes. The measure Is a very mod
crate one and I can conceive of no
serious objection to it. Instead, so far
as It is In our power, It should be our
aim steadily to reduce the number of
hours of labor, with as a goal the gen
eral Introduction of an eight-hour
There are Industries In which It is
not possible that the hours of labor
should be reduced; just as there ere
communities not far enough advanc
ed for such a movement to be for their
good, or, If in the tropics, go situated
that there la no analogy between
their needs and ours In this matter.
On the Isthmus of Panama, for In
stance, the conditions are in every
way so different from what they ore
here that an eight-hour day would
be absurd: Just as It Is absurd, so far
as the Isthmus is concerned, where
white labor can not be employed, to
bother as to whether the necessdry
work Is done by alien black men or
by alien yellow men.
Hut the wage-workers of the Vnlts '
States are of so high a grade that
alike from the merely Industrial
standpoint and from the civic stand
point, It should be our object to do
what we can in the direction of se
curing the genual observance of nn
eight-hour day. Until recently the
eight-hour law In our federal statute
books has been ver yRcantlly observ
ed. Now, however, largely through
the Instrumental!!)' of the bureau of
labor, It is being rapidly enforced.
iive the Con! Lands.
It Is not wise that the nation should
alienate Its remaining coal lands. I
have temporarily withdrawn from
settlement all the lands which the
pool -itlca! survey has Indicated as
containing, or In all probability con
The question, however, can be prop
erly settled only by legislation, which
In my Judgment should provide for
the withdrawal of these lands from
sale or from entry, save In certain
especial circumstances. The owner
ship would then remain in the Vnlted
States, which should not, however
attempt to Work them, but permit
theni to be worked by private Individ
ual? under a royally system, the gov
ernment keeping such control as to
permit It to see that no excessive price
was charged consumers.
It would, of course, be as necessary
to supervise the rates charged by
those who mine It; and the supervision
must extend to the conduct of the
common carriers, so that they Fhall
In no way favor one competitor at the
expense of another.
The withdrawal of these coal lands
would constitute a policy analagous to
that vv ;, i:is ,een followed In with-.Ir-iwi.
: i.v forest lands from ordl
naiy si t.lenient The coal, like the
forests, should be treated as the prop
erty of too public and its disposal
slmulil be under conditions which
would Inure to the benefit of the
public :ih a whole.
The present congress has taken
long stride in the direction of secur
ing proper supervision and control by
the national government over corpor
ations, engaged In Inter-state business
und the enormous majority of cor
porations f any size are engaged in
The pnsshge of the railway rate bill.
and only to n less degree the passage
of the pure food bill, and the pro
vision for Increasing and rendering
more cffcctlvo national control over
the beef-pneklng Industry, mark nn
Judge Beer By
Its True worth
Progressive Hen and Women Consider
It a means to Hatlonal Temperance.
We have recently published a. num
ber of articles on tho food value of
beer, and we believe that sooner or
later beer will be recognised at Its true
worth, ns a food beverago of splendid
tonic efToct and high nourishing value.
Noted men and women of this country
Are already alive to the situation and
besides Miss Phoebe Cousins and Dr.
Joseph Felslor of Northwestern Uni
versity, many others of note give their
endorsement to beer as a means to na
Miss Cousins, for a quarter of a cen
tury the most eminent woman suf
frage advocate In the West, said In a
recent Interview: "There never will b
a law thnt will compel prohibition, and
the sensible thing for the Women's
Christian Temperance Union to do is
to aid In tho substitution of mild,
nourishing drinks like beer, which sel
dom produces drunkenness. A promi
nent army oiticcr wno served In the
Heiithwest. onerated canteens at three.
different posts. Ho made the canteens
so acceptable to tho soldiers, who'
louna Doer sansrying their demands,
that ho actually ran all the low dlvni
of the surrounding neighborhood out
Pabst Beer meets all tho domnnds
tor a mild, healthful, refreshing bever
age such ns Miss Cousins suggests. It
is mode oi the exclusive l'ubst eight
day malt, choicest hops and pure
wator. Might-day mult, which Ib tho
only perfect mill t. 'gives l'ubst Beer
Its superior food value nnd richness.
Strong In nourishment tho body re
quires, it Is refreshing and Satisfying.
Perfect In age, purity nnd strength,
absolutely clean and containing only
threo and one-hnlf per cent of alcohol,
rubst noer is 1110 tuenl temperance
beverage. No other Is so healthful.
Important advance In the proper di
rection. In the short session It will perhaps
be difficult to do much further along
this line; and It may be best to wait
until the laws have been operation
for a number of months before en
deavoring to Increase their scope, be
cause only" operation will show with
exactness their merits and their short
comings and thus give opportunity
to define what further remedial leg
islation is needed. Tet In my judg
ment It will In the end be advisable
In connection with the packing house
Inspection law to provide for putting
a date on the label and for charging
the cost of Inspection to the packers.
AH these laws have already Justified
The reactionary or ulta-conserva-tlve
apologists for the misuse of
wealth assail the effort to secure such
control as a step toward socialism. As
a matter of fact It Is these reaction
aries nnd ultra-conservatives who are
themselves most potent In increasing
Income or Inheritance Tax.
The national government has long
derived Its chief revenue from a tariff
on Imports and from an Internal or
excise tax. In addition to these there
la every reason why, when next our
system of taxation Is revised, the na
tional government should Impose a
graduated Inheritance tax, and. If pos
sible, a graduated Income tax.
The man of great wealth owes a
peculiar obligation to the state, be
cause he derives special advantages
from the mere existence of govern
ment. Not only should he recognize
this obligation In the way he leads his
dally life and In the. way he earns
and spends his money, but it should
also be recognized by the way in which
he pays for the protection the state
On the other hand. It Is desirable
that he should assume his full nnd
proper shnre of the burden of taxa
tion; on the other hand. It Is quite as
necessary that In this kind of taxa
tion, where the men who vote the tax
pay but little of it, there should be
clear recognition of tho danger of In
augurating any such system save in
a spirit of entire Justice and modera
Itaco Suicide Condemned.
When home ties are loosened; when
men and women cense to regard a
worthy family life, with all Its duties
fully performed, and nil Its responsi
bilities lived up to, ns the life best
worth living; then evil days for the
commonwealth are nt hand.
There nre regions in our land, and
classes of our population, where the
birth rate has sunk bdow the death
rate. Surely It should need no dem
onstration to show that wilful sterili
ty Is, from the standpoint of the na
tion, from the standpoint of the hu
man race, the one sin for which the
penalty is national death, race death;
a sin for which there Is no atonement;
n sin which Is the more drendful ex
actly In proportion as the men and
women guilty thereof are in other re
spects. In chnracter, and bodily and
mental powers, those whom for the
sake of the state It would be well to
see the fathers and mothers of many
healthy children, well brought up In
homes mndc happy by their Vresenee.
No man. no woman, can shirk thj
primary duties of life, whether for
love or case and pleasure, or for any
other cause, anil retains his or her
I especially call your attention to
the second subject, the condition of
our currency laws. The national
bank act has ably served a great pur
pose In aiding the enormous business
'development of the country; and with
in 1 a years there has been nn Increase
In circulation per capita from $21.41
For several yeaf-s evidence has been
nerumulating that additional legisla
tion is needed. The recurrence of
each crop season emphasizes the de
feetH of the present laws. There must
soon be a .revision of them, because
to l-iv tlii'nj its tl'"y are means to
inenr liability of business disaster.
Mnee your body adjourned there has
been u fiii 'tuiulon in the Interest nn
call money from 2 to 30 per cent; und
the fluctuation was even greater dur
ing the preceding six months. The
secretory of the treasury had to step
In and by wise action put a stop to
the most violent period of oscillation.
I'ven worse than such fluctuations Is
the advance In commercial rates nnd
the uncertainty felt In tho sufficiency
of credit even at high rates.
All commercial interests suffer dur
ing each crop period. Excessive rates
for call money In New York attract
money from the Interior banks Into
the speculative field; this depletes
the fund that would otherwise be
available for commercial uses, nnd
commercial borrowers are forced to
pny abnorninl rates; so that ench fall
a tax. In tho shnpe of Increased Inter
est charges, Is placed on the whole
commerce of the country.
The mere statement of these facts
shows thnt our present system Is
seriously defective. There Is need of
Army and Navy.
The United States navy Is the sur
est guarantor of peace which this
country possesses. It Is earnestly to
be wished that we would profit by
the tenchings of history In this mat
ter. A strong nnd wise people will
study Its own failures no less than Its
triumphs, for there Is wisdom to be
learned from the study of both, of the
mistake as well as of the success.
For this purpose nothing could be
more Instructive than a rational study
of the war of 1812, as It Is told, for
Instance, by Cnptnln Mnhan. There
was only one way In which that war
could have bean avoided.
If during the preceding 12 years a
navy relatively ns strong as that
which this country now hns, thori
never would hnve been the slightest
necessity for fighting the war; and If
the necessity had arisen the war
would under such circumstances
have ended with our speedy and over
But our people during those 12
years refused to make any prepara
tions whatever, regarding either the
army or tho navy. They saved a mil-
$25 Tailor Made Suit Free
For a Good Guess
The object is to get you in the habit of reading
Crank's ads. They'll keep you posted on
what to wear and where to buy it.
Heres the PlanTry it:
Giirss the number of woi'ds that will be used in CltANK'S ads as pub-li-ilicd
iu t!ic Daily East Orcpjonian from tlie third day of Dccr-mber, until tho
24th. the day before Christmas, making It jurt the time to use these prizi?e aa
Christmas presents. Yon can have the first 15 days of the month to size up
the advertisements and count the words. But we might suddenly use a half
pace advertisement no one can foresco even we don't know whether they
will be long or short.
!Make your guess on a card of any kind, put your name and address on,
and seal it, write on the outside: "For guessing contest," and bring it to the
store on or before December 15th.
The 21th day of December, in the evening after supper, the contest will
The envelope? will all be thrown on a big table and one envelope at a
time will bo taken out at random from the heap and opened. The name of
the person in the first envelope containing the correct eucss will receive tho
$25.00 Tailor Suit
(or their choice of nny in the house to fit them.) If no one makes the cor
rect trucks the suit will yo to the nearest gnesser.
The second nearest cnesser will receive a 1 f (f ITlIt
The fourth will receive
The fifth will receive a
The editor of the I.'nst Oreconian will keep a correct count of the words,
nnd his decision will be final.
livery word in the signature will he counted, compound words as one
word. Prices also count as one word.
Faeh member of the family is eligible to enter this contest one guess
only to each. Xo one connected with the store allowed to guess.
If every thine isn't absolutely clear to you, come in. nnd ask about it, or
Opening All this Week.
The store Is elaborately trim
med and Tvndy for Christmas
tide. Every visitor n 111 be present
ed with n lovely souvenir.
COME AND GET ONE.
lion or two of -dollars by so doing;
and In mere money pnld a hundred
fold for each million they thus saved
during the three years of war which
followed a war which brought untol
suffering upon our people, which at
one time threatened the gravest nn
tlonnl disaster, and which, in spite
of the necessity of waging it. renult
ed merely in what was In effect i
drawn battle, while the balance of
defeat and triumph was almost even.
Long Teniiece I'lsilit.
For ?0 years W. L. Ra vls, of Bells
Tonn., fought nasal catarrh. He
writes: " The swelling and soreness In
side my nose was fearful, till I began
iipplyirg Buiklor.'s Arnica Salve to the
sore surface: this caused the soreness
and swelling to disappear, never to re
tivn." I?est salve in existence: !5f
at Tillman . Co.'s. druggists.
The i-liy of Mllnzzo. island of Sici
ly, was fin November 25 almost ruln
! l.y an earthquake, all the brick,
stt.ne and concrete buildings being
ra?od nn 1 the larger frame building.!
The loss of life was very slight, ns the
people had taken to the open country
alter premonitory qunklngs.
Notice to Our Customer.
We are pleased to announce that
Foley's Honey and Tnr for coughs,
colds and lung troubles Is not affected
by the National Pure Food and Drug
lnw as it contains no opiates or other
harmful drugs, and we recommend It
as a safe remedy for children and
adults. Kocppens' drug store.
IIYOMEI CVRES CATARRH.
Costs Nothing; rules It Gives Heller
Sold I'mlcr Guarantee.
No matter how severe or chronic a
enso of catarrh you may have, consult
Tollman 4. Co, about the use of Hyo
mel. They have so much faith In the
efficacy of this treatment that they
give their personal guarantee with
every outfit they sell that It will effect
a cure, or that money will be refund
ed. In many Instances Hyomel hns cured
catarrh when the patient has suffered
from childhood. Quite a few people
In Pendeton who 'have been unable
years to get rll of the disagreeable
tickling and dropping at the back of
the throat, have obtained quick relief
fro ma few treatments with Hyomel,
and the continued use has made a
complete and lasting cure.
There Is no stomach dosing when
one uses Hyomel. Simply brenthe Its
medicated healing through the pocket
inhaler that comes with every outfit,
and nil catarrhal germs will be killed
nnd the mucous membrane will bo
A complete Hyomel outfit costs but
$1, sufficient for nt least two weekh
treatment, making It one of the most
economical methods of curing catarrh.
If the outfit does not complete a euro,
extra bottles of Hyomel, If needed, can
be bought for 50 cents. Remember,
thnt there Ib no risk In buying Myo
mol. It costs nothing unless It cures.
Other Valuable Prizes
nearest will receive a
$5.00 Shopping Bag.
$2.50 Sterling Handle Umbrella.
mrmtQrr ' fj
Building Air Castles
Is a pleasant but unprofitable task
When you're building realities and
need good grade lumber, lath, shin
gles, sash, doors, ceemnt, brick, lime
sand, etc., honestly priced, promptl?
delivered every way satisfactory
lodge your order with us.
Sole agent for Krlsollte Wood Fibr
Plaster, made In Blue Rapids, Kan
sas; also White Crystal Lime.
n. FORSTEU, Proprietor.
EVERYTHING NEW AXD CLEAN.
220 East Court Street.
Fine Chicken Dinner Served Wednes
days and Sundays.
Supper served after Theaters and
.ALL HOME COOKING.
Finest cup of coffee In the city.
Hours for meals:
Breakfast ( to 8 a. m.
Dinner 11:30 a. m. to t p. m.
Supper 5:30 to 7 p. m.
Mrs. E. J. BROTHFRTON
Roasts and Steaks
Dried, Smoked and Cured
' 'Phone Main S3.
ENGRAVED CARDS, INVITATIONS,
to. Very latest styles. Leave or
ders at East Oregonlan office.
Nothing like a turkey well
To do that you have got to have
the right kind of
We have the kind you need
a self baster. A baster that don't
burn your roast
Cheapest place in Pendleton to
2 10 Court t. Phone Black S1T1
Pendleton's most popular dining room.
Thoroughly renovated In every de
partment. Everything new In kitch
en and pantry. All -new dishes.
FINE SUNDAY DINNERS OCR
Most up-to-date kitchen in the
633 Main St.
'Phone Main 98.
Daily trtns between Penril.
ton and Uklah, except Sunday.
Stago leaves Pendleton at 7 a.
m., arrives at Uklah at 6 p. m.
Return ttage leaves Uklah at (
p. m., arrives at Pendleton at 6
Pendleton to Uklah, J3.00;
roun dtrlp, IS. 00. Pendleton to
Alba, $2.75; round trip, $5.00.
Pendleton to Ridge, 13; round
trip, $3.(0. Pendleton to Nye.
11.50; round trip, II. BO. Pen-
dleton to Pilot Rock, $1.00;
round trip, $1.50.
American plan, $3 per day and up
ward. Headquarters for tourists and
commercial travelers. Special rate
made to families and single gentle
men. The management will be pleas
ed at all times to show rooms and
give prices. A modern Turkish bata
establishment In the hotel.
H. C. BOWERS. Manager.
Dally Bast Oreronlan by tamer,
nly IS cents a week.