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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 11, 1903)
DAILY kAT, lKaoN,AN.,lNM.KTON, IMMN. WKDNI1DAV. , im.
"""""Trr.,,,11 wlff ect If you cot
. in a rv. - w
kmorrow by Express
I ii.-fjTT nf tfi nrar nnrf
lC JnafV. ytf haven't par
te ordinary. 1 r
&T,..Dtfring the week all
Etnty p cent Discotrat.
TICKETS FOR THE $375 PIANO
! DEPARTMENT STORE
LAW AND EQUITY
Irou enjoy a good article, then smoke
PRIDtV UV UIV1A 1 1L,UA
i a r Vwol tnluii'i'n. A. RHODE. Makar.
Ktnaia-ium ... .
inly used Iti llio examination of your eyes aud the fur-
estof the most modern instruments.
, Near l'oit Ofllce.
T r -wtri
The Best is Always
The gmu'tie imported quad
STRANSKY STEEL WAKE
is 9uerior to any ware made.
Jt'n in a class by its if. Exam
ine Strnnsky Bltcl Wnn at
ARKE & Cos 211 Court Street
I V. i ' ,"UM!
AFPER au anxious, fretful
day, you need something
which Bhall fit your tired
body an a well worn slipper fits a
tired foot. It must be something
more than food or drink. If you
want to taste Nirvana and forget
all your tire and fatigue, take a
cup of one of Chase & Ban bom's
"Original Package" tea. These
are the leaven which the natives
themselves drink with all their
vigor imprisoned. It's a very
different drink from ordinary ten.
Try a half-pound.
"OniGlX.il. FAGKAMB" 'EM.
Orion" (Foraoia Oolong).
KcM-OMr (Enj. Breakfast)
Orange rckor ludl C7lii).
Sold In Pendleton axc-lnaNely by
That pay their losses
promptly. Our companies
stand at the head of the list.
Hartford Klre "Inauwwa Co.12,259,076
Alliance Assurance Co 29,089,869
London & Lancashire Fire
Inanranoe Co 2,644,683
North British & Mercantile
Co ....... 19,696,974
Royal Insurance Oo 22,897,168
FRANK B. CLOPTON
112 EAST COURT ST.
Walter's Flouring Mills
Capacity, ISO barrU a day.
Flour' xakauir4 tor wbt,
Blour, Mill F&, Qboppad ffeed,
etc., alwara on bud:
Ing since its adoption. While num
erous changes and additions shoula
uu luuae, mis will especially bo found
true In roforence io irrigation. Tho
calling of tho constitutional conven
tion will provo necessary before the
oiuio can may receive ana enjoy the
bonoQts to bo derlvnri from thn irnv.
ernmontal aid which will naturally
mi io our siate.
Behind Other States.
That on tho auos..on of irrimitlnn
we have not quite kept pace with our
noignooring states we moro fully rea
llzo when wo take Into consideration,
that tho constitution of Oregon went
forty-flvo years without an amend
ment, and that even tho people of our
great rtaie, on election day, loss than
four years ago. voted down an amend.
mont in reference to Irrigation merely
uucaiiHc a great, uai'.y pape' of Port
land at that time salt! "Vot NV on
All Amondmonts," wl'hoiu giving1 a
Our constitution, although it was
great for tho tlmo in which it was
adopted, docs not meet tho many new
and unforsoon conditions which have
arisen a half a century later. At tho
time of its adoption tho settled por
tion of Oregon consisted of that part
of the state where ditches were con
structed to drain swamps and to run
water off the land, in place of being
constructed for the purpose of run
ning ttie water Into It; hence It 1b not
surprising that these questions were
The state of Idaho adopted Its con
stitution lorty years later and at a
time and In a state when and where
all agricultural crops depended .upon
irrigation; hunco their constitution,
upon that question at least Is far
ahead of ours, and one which It would
be well to follow on thlB particular
Irrigation Districts Needed.
In tho state of Idaho, as well as in
California wo find that in lnrgo com
munities depending upon irrigation
they have organized and are working
under the Irrigation district system.
A community of, say, fifty people,
moro or less, owning an entire val
ley, obtaining ItB water supply from
a common source, organize a district,
elect their directors, similar in some
respects to our school districts but
on a larger Bcalp and under a more
extensive and complete system, who
have the general control and manaKO
ment of the district. The district,
nnd all the peoplo in its boundaries,
become the owners of the water sup
ply In common. The water is dis
tributed pro rata among its farmers.
Ono man can not have an abundance
of water and another have none. If
there is a shortage each suffers his
proportion of the loss and each pays
his proportion of the tax. The direc
tors appoint the engineers and water
superintendents whose business -and
duty is to see that no man receives
more than his share and that every
man receives his proportion,
A Law That Should Be Applied.
Wo have a similar law in the state
of Oregon, although it has nevor been
taken advanago ,of. In 189B, whilo I
had the honor of being a member of
the State Senate of this state, I intro
duced and secured the passage of an
irrigation district law very similar to
the one now In force In tho state of
Idaho. In fact, I borrowed the law
principally from the statutes of that
state. It, In some re&pectB, I think,
Is an improvement over tho irrigation
district law of California. It pro
vides that only the property owners
within tho district may havo a right
to vote on tho organization and ques
tion!) affcctinit the district: it provides
also that the taxes shall bo upon the
land, as nearly as practicable in pro
portion to the value of the land, and I
the benefits derived from tho system
Ou account of this I was accused
by some of being u single taxer.
However, as to that question I know!
but little and care Icbs. It is not aj
oueatlon as to what we may call it or
of what party or associations of prin
ciples wo may bo placing into effect,
as the only question we should con
sider 1b, will It bo tbe nest, ror me
people of the community?
With none beliiK permitted to vote
except those owning land within the
district we eliminate uu oojecuou
which baB Bometimes ueeu ruiseu
against the California district law re
ferred to, such as colonization ior me
purpose of forcing n district upon an
unwilling people. With tho tax upon
the land within Uic district u manes
ii mvnMsnrv for the owner of every
foot of tillnblc soil within Hh limits
to place it into cultivation and make
it productive, and if not prepared to
do., SO to convey It to ouiers whu ww
,ln so. Th Ik wou d discourago lanu
speculation by preventing speculators
from holding largo iracw oi muu un
til homes wore built arounn u aim
innri nrniincl it mado productive,
thereby enhancing its value without
any effort or expenditure on tho part
of such speculator. .... ,
While tho irrigation oisinct iv
ni linen taken advantage of in
this state, I think It Is duo to the
, ,a it hm not boon fully under
stood and whon onco fully tried will
be taken advantage of in nearly every
valley in tne ana puruvu ui v,wu.
i m Infnrmnd tnnt it WBS With much
difficulty that the people of Idaho and
California couia ai nrsi do ihuuku
to try tho experiment, but since hav.
ir, rniiv oYnorlmentod in that direc
tion, the Irrigation districts have be.
como popular uua ji,u
very feasible, and in these states dis
tricts are gradually being organised
throughout tho arid regions.
Will Harmonlte Interoata.
Th irrigation district law. I think.
Is tho only solution of the very dll
1 BIU SALt CONIINUED
Owmg to the late deliver' of our bills advertising our Big Reduction Sale
last week, we have concluded to continue the sale oi'o wuek longer. The billB
you now have, give the prices that will hold through this weok, until Saturday
night November 14th. TIub is a great opportunity to' buy gooda just in the
proper season at greatly reduced prices.
NEW MILLINERY ALSO
A nice lot of new hats arrived Monday morning, and those who are in need of a Fall
Hat are invited to call and see ours. The styles are the latest And prices right.
McCALL'S PATTERNS HERE.
flcult question of the conflicting in
terests botweon prior approprlators
of the streams and Us riparian pro
prietors. Lot us assume, for ox
ample, that a valley of from twenty
to ono hundred farmers, as the case
may be, should organize Into an irri
gation district. It may be true that
some of those farmers have vested
rights in the waters of tho stream un
til they have abundance of water for
their respective farms. There may
be others with none. The man who
has the vested right sees that if a dis
trict is organized he must divide with
his neighbor; but he over-looks tho
fact that if he does so and ho is dam
aged by any loss that damage Is as
r'sud ami he 1 spald in propo'iioa to
IiIb damage and If necessary, through
condemnation procedlngs, it is con
demned and he Ib paid for his rights
nnd therefore loses nothing, but re
ceives full compensation for his prop
erty. After its organization the water can
be distributed nnd every farmer with
in the boundaries of tuat district, as
I havo before stated, will receive his
full proportion. If there Is a short
age, all lose pra rata; If there is an
abundance, all are supplied to the
snme extent, In proportion to the land
he may own, and to the amount of
wnter which may be necessary for
the proper Irrigation of his soil. With
tho district formed, money can be
easily raised, If need be, for the con
struction of small reservoirs, or even
laige ones, depending upon the size
nnd financial strength of the district.
Head of the Speculators.
While tho government Is taking
Bteps looking towards the construction
of reservoirs In our own Btato and
other western states. It must be re-
(Concluded on page 6.)
Best 25 oen4. Meal In the City
Private Dining Parlors
Elegant FurniBhod Rooms in
GUS LaFONTAlNE, Prop.
633 Main Street
J Refrigerated :
MAKE YOUR MARK
IN THE WORLD
Don't lie satisfied lo move
along in the name old way for
low wages. Wo can hclpyoni
carve out a sucecMful carc-jr.
Thousands have Increased their
salaries by following our plan.
We can train you In spare time
and at email cost for any of the
following poMitlonx :
M-i.-liRtlcil, Klootriotil, Htmin,
or Civil ICnulnrcr, Kloot rlolnn.
Hurve.vor. A.relillct, Urft
itimi, tloulitc-epor, HttimKrnph
or. Tendler, Hliow Coril Vrltr
Window limMr, or Act. Wrltar
Or cull on our local reprcttulu
tmr, T IK. llmrkino, l'J7 t.tr ttreet
Scliwatz & Grenlicti, Props. J
Wholesale and retail dealers iu
Beef, l'ork and Mutton, Cured
Jleuls and Sausages of all kinds.
607 Main Street, I'honc 181.
prompt, reliable; BKRVIOK
A. J. BEAN
HAULING OF AIL KINDS
Uooili tikbn best'ot cute of, Lmit ordtN si
Tiimcii's. l'bone Main im.
Dally East Oragonlan by
only 1S cants a wck.
WANTED YOUlt OltDEHH KOU EN
Kravrd cards, wedding Invitations, tc. :
100 enfcrnvM vltUInx cards with piste
SI. BO; additions! rnrda In future, ti per
liiimlrcd. The I'unt Ortgonlan.
-UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT-
The Hotel St. George
WILL OPEN FOR BUSINESS
Wednesday Morning Nov.l 1
Everything New and Firstclass
And the management begs to assure the citizens of
Pendleton and visitors to the city, of fair treatment,
frst-class service and the best the market affords
at prices commensurate with good service and first-cfiss
We beg to solicit a fair share of your patronage.
MULLIGAN & RIFENBERICK
-" .MF3- VIA' 41t.w IVJ y WJ