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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View Entire Issue (May 22, 1902)
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THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1902.
It young men would start out with
the intention of earning their
bread instead ot to seek their for
tunes they would bo better prepared
for what follows.
partisanship in printing the news
for its family of readers of every
political belief. There appears to be
no paper In Oregon so unreliable ii
this respect as the Portland Oregon
ian. In politics its influence is great
ly lessened because of its one-sided
THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION
Forty thousand Porto
showed their love for the late Pres- j the "Peoples'
dent McKinley by contributing to "city:
The following is taken from an ad
rlroca nil "nlront T Atrial n t inn " 1 r
""-a"a livered by James C. Hogan, befdre
Club" in New York
Ins monument fund in sums from 5
cents up to ?1 each, the total amount
ing to $1700.
Andrew Carnegie says wealth does
not bring happiness nor satisfaction.
There's nothing left for Andrew to
try but heaven or the other place,
where some people are mean enough
to think ho is destined to go.
Miss Stone attributes her release
from the brigands to the efficacy oi
prayer. The brigands, however,
probably take a more materialistic
viow of it, having gotten about ?75,
000 of good American money for re
leasing the old chronio.
There are three forms of govern
ment known to mankind today: De
spotlc, republican and democratic.
Webster's dictionary definitions
are as follows: Republic A state
in which the sovereign power re
sides in the whole body of the peo
pie; and Is exercised by representa
tives elected by them.
Democracy Government by the
people; a form of government in
which the supreme power Is retained
and directly exercised by the people,
Peter Sells, the circus man, is
coming In for extensive praise be
cause ho changed the route of his
parade a half dozen blocks to give
a poor bedridden girl a chance to
see it. Darnum is dead, but the art
of circus advertising goes marching
The British governor of Bermuda
has ordered that no more pamph
lets of psalms, published by tho
American Tract Society, bo clrculat
ed among the Boer prisoners on tho
In1n..l 1 l. ...
wiuuud, uucuusu, ua no says, mo
psalms of David would give hopo to
the Boers and keep alive their light
ing spine. The English go out of
their way sometimes to make ou ex
hibition of themselves.
Emperor William of Germany Is
acuveiy promoting a movement to
transfer tho control of the drink
trafllc from prlvato individuals to
companies or corporations, which
will derive no pecuniary benefit from
tno sale of intoxicating liquors. The
emperor says that nil efforts having
for their object tho dlmlnuatlon of
tho use of nlcohol and tho education
of the public in tho moral and eco
nomic ovlls attendant on its use will
have his entire approval. If tho In
formation Is correct, the emperor has
undertaken about tho biggest task
of his life.
Tho Portland Oregonlan is not Im-
proving in tho reliability of its pol
tlcal news roports. According to
that paper tho republican spellbind
ers continue to "play to crowded
houses" and tho democratic spoak
ers only to empty benches. It Is a
great pity that a great paper llko thu
Oregonlan cannot report political
news fairly and rise above narrow
Prom these definitions it Is evi
dent that the term democracy as
used in the partisan sense of today
is nonsense, and that we have neith
er a republic nor a democracy in
this country. And yet we are sol
emly told that this is a government
ot the people, for the people and by
We have heard this fiction so long
and so many times that most of us
have come to believe It. But noth
ing is further from the truth. My
own eyes were opened to this fact
by reading a masterly address by
Frederic Upham Adams on the ori
gin, formation and history of the
We have been taught to reverence
tho constitution as the embodiment
of all human wisdom, past, nresent
ana iuture. What aro the facts?
The convention . which framed tho
constitution of the United States in
1787, and under which wo are now
living was composed of business men,
money monopolists and monarchists.
the sessions, which covered a period
or live months time, wore held be
hind closed or locked doors. The
meetings wore conducted in secret,
and not one word of the debates In
mat, convention was permitted to-
reach the people; and after tho con
vention adjourned tho very record of
meir proceedings was suppressed for
nearly two generations. Tho record
was opened by act of congress In
1839 for tho first time. I will let Mr.
Adams tell the story. Ho says:
"I have a proper respect for tho
forefathers who drafted tho const!.
stution. I do not underestimate th,.
magnitude of tho task which cm..
fronted them, nor belittle the dim.
cultles which they had to overcome.
But thoy had no more Idea of govern-1
ing mo people of this generation
than wo have of writing resolutions
to govern tho people of n thousand
years hence. What is more, thoy
sani so, ami it tonus part of tho ro
They novor dreamed of founding a
nomocracy, or a- government of, by
and for the people. They did not
think tho people wore capable of
self-government, nnd thoy spent flvo
months In designing a document
which would make tho rule of the
peoplo nothing short of ft mlrnnln
The constitution is tho wrlttnn ov.
p.osalon and embodiment of a con
vention Which WHS nntl.doninr.rntln
almost to the verge of actual mon-
nrchlsm. And yet the people have
been educated to believe the exact
opposite. They think that in this
country the people rule. They also
think that.it is the only country in
which the people rule.
In the very nature of things it was
impossible that the statesmen of
1787 should have designed a demo
cracy or witnessed the birth of a re
public. They had no conception of
democracy. They had been schooled
under monarchy. The thirteen colo
nies wore part of a kingdom and the
war of tho Revolution was not a re
volt In favor of democracy. It was a
war of independence. It was true
that the spirit of democracy was
abroad, but it had not yet taken deep
root in America. It was born in
France nnd its thrilling song was
heard in the Declaration of Inde
pendence, but the notes died away J
in the wrangling of the business
men and the monarchists who fought
for commercial supremacy In the se
cret session of that constitutional
In those days national democracy
was Impossible. There were no
railroads. There were but Imperfect
means of communication. It was a
three monts' journey from one end
of the country to another. There
wore few newspapers and fewer
books. There were no telegraph
lines. It was impossible to educate
the people to an intelligent under
standing of public questions. The
great mass of the people were woe-
lully Ignorant. They had a vague
idea of democracy but could not give
It expression. They were used to
being governed, and though the
scepter of the king had been with
drawn, its Imprint remained. And
yet it Is to these people that we aro
told to look for our ideals and our
The people imagine that the ses
sions oi mat constitutional conven
tion consisted of a series of fervid
orations on the rights of the people,
and that the delegates labored ear
nestly to secure an instrument which
for all time should guarantee to the
nation "a government of, by and for
nut among all the delegates to
that convention there were but two
who expressed any love for demo
cracy. One was Benjamin Frank
nn. ine plutocratic historians of
this country have done his memory
uut scant justice, and have passed
mm by, preferring to deify those
whose leanings were on .the side of
aristocracy. The other delegate was
Wilson James Wilson, also of Penn
syivuina. ret neuner ills name nor
his speeches have been omblazonea
on the scroll of nonular tame.
Modern Tories and monarchists
formed clubs in honor of Alexander
Hamilton the American ri.itrnn
saint of legislative "corruntlon.
bond steals and worship of rovaltv
but the time will come when the
name of James Wilson will oopnnv
Its proper place in the temnle of
In order to demonstrate the kind
of "democracy" which actuated the
tounuers of the constitution and to
show how far we have progressed
since then, I will repeat a few of
the expressions made bv tho leaillnu
uuiugaies uunng the convention
which expressions are selected
ranuom irom thousands of similar
Roger Sherman, of Connecticut
x oupose tne election of members
nf the National Legislature uy uw
people. Tho people, immediately,
should have as little to do as may
be about the government."
air. Dickinson, of Delaware 1
consider a limited monarchy as one
of the best governments In the
world." , ... .
On Juno C Mr. Gerry "admitted
that it was necessirv that the peo'
pie should appoint one branch of
the government In order to Inspire
them with the necessary confidence.
Alark that utterance. It is the key
note to the proceedings and outcome
of the convention. They gave the
people the shadow of legislative
authority and then stabbed to death
with the senate, Executive veto pow
ers, Supreme Court and other
checks the actual, substance of pop
ular rule. It was a month before
the convention consented to a popu
lar election for tho dummy house of
air. Wilson, of Pennsylvania, ans
wered air. Gerry. He said "lie wish
ed for the vigor of government, but
ho wished that vigorous authority
to flow Immediately from the legi
timate source of all authority. The
government ought to possess not
only, first, the force, but second, the
mind or sense of the people at
Alexander Hamilton advocated life
terms for senators. He exclaimed:
"Let the executive also be for life."
He was strongly in favor of a king.
He then submitted a plan Incorporate
ing his ideas, aiuch of it was prac
air. aiadison was afraid the major
ity would oppress the wealthy mi
nority. "In a republican goven
ment," he said, "Hip majority. If
united, have always an opportunity.
The only remedy is to "iilargo tl'o !
sphere, nnd thereby divide the com
munity into so great a number of in
terests and parties, that in the first
place the majority will not be like
ly, at tho same moment, to have a
common interest separate from that
ot the whole.'
W. J. FURNISH, of Umatilla,
R. S. BEAN, of Lano County,
secretary of State.
F. I. DUNBAR, of Clatsop County.
n S. MOORI of Klamath County.
Superintendent of Public Instruction.
J H. ACKERMAN. ot Multnomah.
A. JI. CRAWFORD, of Douglaa.
J. R. WHITNEY, of Linn County.
J. N. WILLIAMSON, of Crook County
LEGPuy-iTIVE DISTRICT TICKET.
For Joint Senator.
J. W. SCRIBER, of Union County.
For Jo'nt Representative.
G W. PHELPS, of Morrow County.
We are prepared to do your work
and ask you to call on us.
Charges will be right.
TEKEPAONE RED Gl
The Old Dutch Henry
Kit Hays & Connerley
The man who is caeed in or cooned un
MJ M.W tJ VYAWlUUb OUJllUlClll exercise
is sure to suffer for it. Quite often the
liver is the first onrau which beeomps
.ii i .i . f?
uisuiucicu, unu constipation, biliousness,
sick headache and general physical tor
por uiaKe me iniseraoie. 'lucre's only
one way to deal with liver "trouble" and
that is to no to the root of the di
and cure it once for all. Such cures of
the disordered or diseased liver almost
always follow the use of Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery. It always
helps. It almost always cures. It reg
ulates the liver, strentrtliensthe stomach
--..1 . 1 1.1 V '
uim purines me uiooci.
"Dr. Pierce's Goldeu Medical Discovery U the
best medicine made," writes Michael Mnher. of
Uttlefulls, N. Y. Center St.) ii had yellow
jaundice and liver trouble in November, inoo.
Was almost dead, lost sixteen pouuds in three
weeks and my whole body was as yellow as
Kold, and J was sick at my stomach all the time.
I tried three doctors and they gave me tablets
and pills and another one some other stuff, but I
went to Mesrs. O'Kourke and Hurley's drug
store aud got your' Goldeu Medical Discovery.'
One bottle cured mc and I thauk it and God
that I am a well mail." .
Accept no substitute for the " Discov
ery." There is nothing "just as good."
The People's Common Sense Medical
Adviser, a book containing 1008 pages,
is given away. Send 21 one-cent stamps
for expense of mailing only, for the book
in paper covers, or 31 stamps for the vol
ume bound in cloth. Address Dr. K. V.
Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
TKLKPHONK MAIN t.
UMATILLA COUNTY REPUBLICAN
F. W. VINCENT, of Pendleton.
HENRY ADAMS, of Weston.
C. E. MACOM.BER, of Pendleton.
M. J. CARNEY, of Pendleton.
F. O. ROGERS, of Athena.
W. H. FOLSOM, of Pilot Rock. .
E. J. SOMMERVTLLE, of Pendleton.
GEORGE BUZAN, of Pendleton.
T. P. GILLILAND, of Ukiah.
J. W. KIMBRELL, of Pendleton.
W. G. COLE, of Pendleton.
Justice of the Peace Pendleton
THOMAS FITiniERALD, of Pendle
A. J. GIBSON, of Pendleton.
Let Ik fc.
"you are going to btf
. uu'11 or oft.,
wnere von 11
C 1 fr, I
or anything Jq
nnH mi tttlll t
------ "uu v r t ixl..
II 1 t v.
i.iiiiii iiiii iimiir ii.ii
V J -Mi
RORFRT FORSTFP. 1
WE ARE THE PEOPLE
and tho only people in the saddlerv
business that carry a complete Btock of
Jrlarness, Baddies, Bridies, Spura, Sweat
i-aas, raoic (Saddles and Bags, Tents,
migou foveas and Canvas.
Loading Harness and Saddlerv,
m m-m r mm m w
LU. Ll IfL.IMlll
OBOTtGE E. CHAnrnr
Secretary of bW
I I W Uh A I J C! -an..
oiaw 1 reasurtr.
HENRY BLAf!KMAN .
mi 1 uniNfcY GENERAL
vv. A. vvann nf T.
M Tf TlflTjTT A Hr 11. ,
aenainna 1 1 1 nt n it
and Union Counties,
W. M. PIERCE, of Umitnk
C. J. SMITH.
EDWIN A. RESER.
T. D TAYLOH.
W. D. CHAMBERLAIN.
C. H. MARSH.
W. D. HANSFORD.
CHAS. P. STRAIN.
JAMES A. HOWARD.
T M. HENDERSON.
The East Cregonlan Is Eastern C-
gon representative paper. It leau
and the people annreclate It ami .hu
It by their liberal patronage. It la tha
auvcrxiBing medium of this section.
It Pays to Trade at the Peoples Warehouse
125 Pairs of Men's Pants
Worth from $3.50 to $6.50 per pair will be sold
until they are all gone at the following prices :
Those that are $3.50, $4.00, $4.50 and $4.75
Those that are $5.00, $5.50, $6.00 and j$6.50
The run of 8ize8 is good and tfl0ge
will get the host picking
fin i ion
Secretary of Stae.
N. A. DAVIS, of Umatilla Coaitf.
rp O MnMII?I. nf Mill'
. ..... ..I
fmt innrmTWTinmTiT n i r 1 1 ! ! 1 1 1. hum
It. W. KELfaEY, of Yamniu foww-
tv Trr nnonteo nf Multnomah Cocaff
C. J. BRIGHT, of Wasco County.
T. H. GOYNE, of Tillamook Com
Congressman, First uiswibu
HIRAM GOULD, Yamhill Count;.
F. R. SPAULDING, of Wasco 0ou
W. RIGBY, Pendleton.
I. W. BERRY, Freewater.
S. S. PARIS, Athena.
M. B. SCOTT, Pendleton.
G. W. INGLE, Milton.
W. G. HOPSON, Milton.
THOMAS CHANDLER, VOW
H. L. FRAZIER, Milton.
R. E. BECK, Athena, n ,
R. A. COPPLE, . endleton.
J. J. ADKINS, Hep? tU
The Prohibition party
the legalized saloon. in,s " tl0Bef
way you can make your opP?Iectl9B
foctlvo. Remember this jett
day and vote right. "VB