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JUST WH T YOU
a mm: i.iiuiAitv.
I'ntroiiK nf tin- Dully or Soml-Weckly
KAST OltlUlONIAN run freely mnko una
iiftlm i:ASI' Oltl'.OOMAN llhriiiy when-v-vr
they ' drslri1. Tim public1 nre cnr
illiilly Itullrd In llt I lie iilllto whenover
... n..,.-Lln money omtumpi, will
V iie Sr,..l-V.cUI.V I3AHT DllUtlON-
,lnllnrn,iil llflv rrnli, will imy
PENDLETON, UMATLLLA. CO., OREGON, TIIUKSDVY, MAY 10,1888.
xnj i m.vy
. a. - -sk -v -w -V -
Has been taken oil' both
omen ajiu vulluii vjtuuus
ot by Congress, but by
OTH CHILD & BEAfJ
Viul they now oiler their Largo and Complete Stock of
DVMAM fT ATM MY! Jfm
HI UvvyuiViivimiivjii wj
. A Tfc-m fT T "N TT1 CN .. "N A CITTf
Ftaniine their goods, get their prices, am! convince yourself
lJ' . j j; .. !... il ...Ml ..K
. .1 ..I. ii tn twir ftifiT'fi iiuunri iiiiiu 11111. iiiiii I riiiv will niiiih
:u I ill: ui.m f '
...i...f tlw.v nliiiin rlicii-s tci nnf im "itiimir. Ijulimti-v.
. .1 l...ir ilicinvlml 'I'ntniihvn lJfir ntwl will trnnlv
CILIUl 11VJ ' v
...t,.i;tinii frnm nil miiirtprfl. Ihov enrrv il
OlMUi lfiui unuiiuiuu uivuu
" r Consisting of
T7ninwTiitT Annrla ATon'a Pnw'n nnrl
nuiUA 'a ninthino1 H'livmBhino1 I nnn a
Mens Ladies and Children's Shoes
Straw and Felt Hats, Crockery
and Glassware, Groceries,
KM PUROHASJ2RS CAN SECURE BARGAINS
L&llliLlllll Ulllll nuii VUIIU VlllUk
LI1ULLIUI1 UUUI miu UIIUL. UIUIIU
I will HcU'for tlio noxt !!0 tlityH ut u
Discount of 10 per ent. for Gash!
My ax$fl Stock of
Saddles, Whips. Hits ami Spurs.
GIVK ME A CALL AND K CONVINCKI).
II goods marked in plain figures. '
T T7 ATVT Qn WTJ V V M5 Tf. Rr f III
W I N 13 AN !" SPIRIT1 MERO HANTS,
FRONT STREET. - - PORTLAND, OREGON.
m OBLE BOURBON AND Kit WtlliMts; jus. aunui i Bitcwinu
CO. (Milwaukee, Wis. EXPORT PILSNER BOTTLED BEEN AHUA
DIAN SPRING MINERAL WATER. (Waukensaw. Wis.) VEURE CLIQUOT
PONSARDIN CHAMPAGNE, (Yellow t-abel.) mriioiuwam
. v b amm
wm m m
vui IIUUIl IVIUIIU
ilrect unit ponulur line In connection
Iklran. ..... ..... ..... .
itM iin i'.al.
To IIfm .1oIiiih, LenvnuM-nrtli'
AtrlliHUll mill If UI1MU4 tllt'
be Onlv 1 .5iin Connecting with the
CbVii iV . V10 'Xi-uOMM.Mi t Lino
vritor ' Levenwortli und Kmmu'j
Hlt'AlillAKn Al,f, I'OINTM KANT
i(ce Vinhlfl t'tltW
J?Pni ll tliroush Exprew Trnlnt
'Ai'l0' !? by all connectlne rnllwni
cgnnwtloDii mada In unlou ili-not.
For full Information roi'imiit... hu. ...nL.
X bp . vuuiHiii iiKeiiiiK iiihwju
Ticket AKHit.o. It. 4 N. jo-,
'uhlnjton St., - . l'ortlan.l.pre.
T. una V, At". r a s . llfy.
jiii nea omh Jim
j'tJ'v',''K " Ctua, w.il l,nJit MM
MCIDENTS WILL HAPPEN !
rii-y ilo liapucu ovury Uy, ami when one
7 luiprenii to you. you will wlh that
i you wnro Insurcil In Ilia
TRAVELERS INSURANCE COMP'Y.
rim Tuwklkhs' rt-hourceii tire milllolenl to
tv Ml nnro lilt) IllOkl eiioiiiioiia miv in
Im'Iiiih tlmt oven Bf' railroad and moani;
..... haaI.Iai.Iu n.ii lirlmr ill..n It. I'llV 111!
IWI- VVK.'..a vi'.l. Kim. H "
ll.ilt.iu .irlllii.iit illunmtlil lltimnilllltnlV tltMin
weliit'of .faclory proofM. Non KorMlure
rovMioim in un io poiii'icK,
Ten Millions of Assets. Two Millions
I'AID I'OMGY HOLDKnS, 511,00000,
Glopton & Jackson,
Knot Oregonlan building, emtteon, Or.
Notary and Corporation Seals,
FOR ONLY FIVE DOLLARS EACH,
Tlio usual price for seaU made by other
pnrtlc, In Portland or the Kust, U from $b.(0
oS7.0, wltln-.xprcm tiarge added. V you
net d a sf al, mud your ordor to u, und save
from 2.0to $f0 Iboieby.
Tin: hack ooNi-Mor.
HeTltlon y u Dying Nrgro of Orcil'"
tlout of Nrgrnoi Who uia Ptntllng
Wliutrmle .Sliuif htrr of Wlilto People.
MoNT(ioMi:itv, Ai,a., May 10. Htncr
noil Shojiard, tho nogro who was fatally
Hhot lit u light with a Hhtiritf'H k)hho last
Thursilay, boforo tlyitiK rovealutl ait al
loguil plot of tho luudorH in thu LowniUm
county riot. Ho tdatetl that Ftiday last
wuh thu tlino upiiointod to nuiHHiicro ilio
whiten. McotinifH were held by lodgo
to rabo inonov to imrcliasu aiiitiitinltlon
and kill tho wIiIIuh if thuy attempted to
urrt'Ht thu ncgroori. Tho iiiiiclal noi'o
vtiKacd in Iho plot was Hob 1'utorrion,
munidunt of tho inectitiLr. iNell .Mauzutn.
Kccrotary und trouHttrorof tho IoiIc.IhuIho
dcoply Itntilioatud. Thoy clulin to have
largo HoeiotloH tlirougliotit tlio Ltiltcu
Slutori, who aru roxolvod to uvotnio tholr
fallen onoH, and protect tholr color in fit
tttro, at all haxardH. Thu negro ulaitned
that lownileri. CruiiNhaw. and ltiitlur
countloH havo tho luriVHt eluhn. They
uro fully eonipotont to do duty. Thoy
Htuto thoy havo endured tho tnlxtrout
niont of whlteH loni; enough, and propono
to put un end to it, mid thote will ho
bloodshed. All nioinbum of the lodges
aro notified by tho leadens that if they
failed to bo jiroHont at thu mooting Fri
day and do duty in tho protioi-ed nuusKa
ere" of tho whlteH, thuy would bo put to
death. Forty-eight of tho negrucH en
gaged in tho i lot havo been arretted und
jailed. A hliorllPH ikjhho und Statu
trootiH feu in to liuvo put an end to tho
trouble for thu present, but unothor out
btvak Ih liable to cotno Hoon.
I Contliiuatlnn nf tlir Tariff l)lcui.lon
i Voorlive A paloglxi Not f lutre.t to
' the .NortliTrot.
1 Htoekdalc, of MIsnlKslppl. H.tld tho cot-1 James H. Howard has been appointed in
ton planter had teeelved httlo ediifUler
Prohibition!.!, wrrc) n l'artlnl Victory
but did not lit I.gul lUUoL.
Sti.vi:uTs, On., May 10. Thorn woh a
lloreu contoHt horn yoidorday in tho city
election between tho citizens.' ticket and
prohibitionists', l'ivo counciltnen were
to bo elected. Out of ten candidates ono
received forty votes und live thirty-eight
votes each. iiinoiiL' tho latter live lolni!
two prohibitionists. Two out of tho Ilvo
would havo been cotntiellcd to draw lots
for tho olllco, but it was ascertained that
tho prohibition tickets were printed on
tinted pucr and woru therefore illegal.
Tho consequence it that thu entire citi-
7.onn' ticket luis been legally declared
elected. Thu prohibitionists aro badly
discoinlHtcd at tho outcome.
HOW TIIK HT1CAMKK AVAH HUNK.
East Oregonlan Pub, Co,
Kx-(lornor l'rkln (! lilt Version of
tlio Cam- of the Dlta.ter.
San FitANcihCo, May 10. Kx-Govornor
Perkins, of Goodal Perkins and Nornuid,
on an oxainluation of tho tiucen of tho
Tactile tho morning after hIio Hank, and
after closely iiuestloulng tho olllcers and
cror, have decided that thu vessel sank
solely from water which had passed
through thu ten-Inch deadlight. Gov
ernor PorkitiH Mild thu company wuh wit
Isllcd thu deadlight wuh opened by hopio
mallclotiHly dlstMised person, not with tho
intention to sink thu ship, but to cause
troublu to Captain Alexander, owing to u
dllllcttlty thu Captain had with the sailors
soinu time ago.
AVKNdlil) HIS OAUdllTKIl'S ItUIN.
A Dylnr flrl In.tiucti Her Father to
Kill Her Heducr, ami he did so,
AbiiANV, N. Y. .May 10. Aihoh II, Ty
ler, of llath, shot and fatally wounded
Dr. Uilioy this morning. Tylor went to
Gllroy's house, und tijion tho latter'n up
iwaranco liegan shooting nt him. Tho
balln entered (illtoy'H Inxly. Tylor was
arrcHtcd, and claimed that Gllroy Is tho
father of un Illegitimate child of his 17-year-old
daughter. Thu daughter, on
what will bo her dying ld, told him to
Bhoot Gllroy, and he did ho. Gllroy Is a
Hocicty man, and his wifu is highly con
nected. A Hoy Drowned.
Santa Ana. Muv 10. An olght-year-
old son of Thomas Hrury, of Lugiimi, wuh
.t-..ifwwl Vi.ufnnltiv1 u'lllllt 111 llfllt llln flltll.
or wuro searching for smelt on tho beach.
Thoro was a heavy iea at tho time, and u
. 1 1 i .i ...i
largo wuvo roueii over iiieiu unit mm!
were carrfeil out. ino lamer nom mo
lioy, but tho waves woro too llorco, ami
tho bov was finally torn from him and
.l-lfl.if mi, Drllrv wuh liaillv lirlllhi'tl
about tho arms by being dashed on tho
rocks. Tlio body nas not been recovered.
Another California Murder.
Boca. Cai... May 10. Win. Koyes and
John Peyton luHt ovoning hud a few-
words, when Koyes struck Peyton witn a
pistol. Tho men then clinched and
Kovcs fired a bullet, which entered I'oy
ton's breast and passed through tho left
lung. Ho is dying, and Koyes is under
A Wife' Crime.
Los ANQKI.KS, May 10. Patrick Waters
who was shot by his wife u low days ago,
died last evening, in a u.hiik uwiuiwwu
Waters declared that ho hud no quarrel
with his wifu Iho day of tho tragedy, and
did not attack her as ho claims. Tho
woman has Wen arrested. i
The 1'iirfi-lliire Hill I'ai.ee. I
Washington, May 10. Tho land grant
forfeiture bill has passed tho Senate-.
IIeluna, Mo.sr., May 10. Trains will I
Iw running through thu Julian tunnel by
tho middlo of next week. W j
Of tho f "o.1,oxw,jjo worth ol oxiwts 1
last voar, $").a,tX)u,0J0 weru jiroilucts ol;
tholarrn. This sh.s that our larinors
la.-t year sold o.:i,iJ(W,ooo of their crops
under absolute free trade 1
, good record, and Is ono of thu best known
men in the city.
, NOItTIIWKST NOTTS.
Uov. N. Green, postmaster at Chefter.
Lano county, Or., hus been removed and
utiuu in legislation of tho past. Thu
cotton Industiy was tho fuvorito of the
colored man. In tho nuuiu of jiistlce and
humanity ho appealed for relief fur thu
coluicd people, that they should no longer
bo held in servitude to (hi! gigantic pro
tected Industries from which they do
rived no benefit, and to wliieh they aro
under no obligations.
Hopkins of Illinois opposed tho bill.
Kmrlck postolllco. in Henton county,
Or., will bo known hcrcaftor as lllodgett.
Jumes S. Campbell has been appointed
postmaster at Pocatello, lllnghatn county,
I. T., in place of James 11. Bible-, who
has been removed.
A patent has been granted to l-Vank
W. UultcB, Portland, for a receiving tablo
for cylinder printing presses.
iV (tension lias been granted to win.
:i tit.i. i i
Ho said that Iho fact could not bo kent L. llrk'L's. Illckluton. W. T
from tho 'peoplo in tho coming campaign A postotlico inspector will bo dotailcd
that thu liomucratic party stood commit- to examine the line of tho proposed now
led unequivocally and irrevocably to tho mall route. A number of petitions havu
doctrlnu of frcu tradu. Thu party hud boon presented, asking tho establishment
coiuu into power by practicing a system of this route in Nevada, beginning at
of false pretenses upon the American pco- Wlnncmucca and passing through Camas
plu unparalleled in thu history of political 1 Springs, Quinn lllver crossing. Dubois
parties. , station, Wild Horse. Alvord ami Juniper
.Muusar oi .Missouri deiivcru un ox- i.iiko to urowscy, in uregon. inopost
huustlblo lecturu in support of tho bill, master-general says that tho service will
to report a resolution providing for an
evening session of tho Hoitsu on .Monday,
to consider the bill organizing tho Terri
tory of Oskaloosa. 'Iho passage of thin
bill in considered somewhat doubtful ut
A DciiKxTiitie caucus of members of
thu llonso will probably bo hold next
week, to dccldo upon u lino of policy to
govern tho neccptanco of amundinents to
the tariir bill. . .
Hvldentlv tho Republicans of thu Sen
ate would' like- to sou tho Houso in
another deadlock. Tho direct tax bill,
which was the cause of thu recent trou
ble, has boon hitched on as an amend
ment to tho sundrv civil appropriation
bill, which will probably pass tho Senate.
I'AHMKUS AND TAXATION.
bo put on If tho lnsiector thought It was
Tho Senate bill was favorably reported
to tho House to-day increasing thu jon
eion for total disability to (70 per mouth.
Tho commissioner of Indian all'airs has
awarded Kllj.ih Crudon, of Douglas
county, Or., $983 lor damages sustained
by Cow Creek Indians in 1H&5.
rABIIINtl CON I.KTTKH.
und contended that tho internal revenue
system should bo continued lor tho pay
ment of pensions und tho remainder of
J. D. Tuvlor of Onto denounced frco
Initio as a fiagment of tubelllon, und as
being as dangerous to thu country In 1888
as secession had been In 1801.
ltlidinrilMon nf Ti'iiiiMM'n Mimtuirh'il (hit
bill, und refened to tho antagonism of tlio i
Republicans to every clfort to which tho 1
Democratic party hud made to lulllll its
pledges of tariff icduetlon.
McAdoo of New Jersev said ho spoko
.. tf l-.l .1...
as n wemocrai. nu cuuiuuiiea uiai uiu
best way In which tho surplus could bo
reduced was by thu ubolltlon of tho Inter
nal revenue system.
Morrow of California argued that no
hotter couiso could tw pursued with refer
enco to tho surplus than to apply it to tho
purchase of United States bonds.
.Stone, ol Missouri, laid down tlio prop
ositions that any urticlo on which tarlll'
duty wus levied, was necessarily increased
In cost to the extent of thu duty; that n
high tariir, by accumulating a surplus,
contracted tho circulation; that the
American manufacturer had nothing to
fear from foreign coniiwtltion on tho
UBiial terms ; that tho turilT has nothing
to do with maintaining tho ruto ol wages;
that the protectlvu system tended to con
centrate wealth in u low hands, und that
tho increase of national wealth during tho
last thirty yours wus in no possible sense
duu to protection.
Chapman, of Michigan, denied that tho
Mills bill was u free Undo bill. He did
not pledge himself in advance to vote for
it, un ho hud homo amendments to pro
pose. Martin contested tho rcsticctivo status
ol the two sides ol tho House on tho tar
lll' question, declaring that tho Democrats
wero boldly struggling lor tho Interests ol
tho country, while tho Republicans re
sisted all clforts nt tarlll' revision. In
conclusion ho said: "Wo havu u cam
paign before us that Is to Imi conducted by
thu Democratic party on thu Issue of re
duction of taxes. We shall havu hoisted
ut tho masthead thu name of Clovelund,
und In lighting thu battle of tho people
wu wiil go to Kansas, Iowa und Mich
igan, und all the other Western Stute.-i,
und curry them against protection. Wo
will carry this great nation for G rover
Cleveland, President of tho United
At tho conclusion of the morning busi
ness Senator Voorhees arose, und after
stating that ho hud been ill for almost a
week, suld: "Referring to a discussion
in which I participated lust week, I desire
to say to the Senate that however revere
tho provocutlon which wus given, yet I
made use of luuguupo ut that timu con-
. ... .1 .. .1.1 . .....It
tho SenVe. I regret having used mich ?' liwrtanU 'res de. tiu I gn wit
languag. und tomlur a projie
tho Sen-io of tho United Stnt
so. My In 'h resiiect for
this body, oi w hich I have so long been a
member, us well us my self-iesiiect, in
duce me to make this statement.''
The Senate spent some time in discus
sion of tho railroad laud forfeiture bill.
llAYAIIb's LETT tilt TO KltAM'C.
Concerning tho enforced military duty
required by Franco of naturalized Ameri
can citizens, Secretary liayard has In
structed Minister Mcl-auo to Inform M.
l'lourens that thu government of the
United States holds that u decree ol nat
uralization grunted by it to a French citi
zen is not open to imiieachmnt by tho
French irovernmont, either In oxecutlvo
or Judicial brancn, aim ii it is alleged to !
from our ltreiilnrCnrriliondtnt.
Wasiiimiton, May 4, 1888.
President Clovclaud has tho happy
faculty of making good upiMiiutmcnts.
His latest popular hit in this lino was
tho nomination of Mr. Melville Fuller,
tiiu eminent Chicago lawyer, fur Chief
Justice of tho United States. The ajr
polntment is universally conceded to bo
an excellent ono; oven thu llunubllcans
join' in praising Mr. Cloveland for thu
good judgment shown In making thu se
lection, ilo will Imi promptly continued
by tho Senate and it is probable that the
votu will be unanimous.
Air. Fuller has ulwuys lieon a consist
ent Democrat. Ho was a delegate to tho
Democratic National Couventlunsof 1801,
1872, 1870, and 18S0. Tho President has
ticcn anxious to give him an olllco ever
since tho beginning of his Administra
tion, and bus ofl'ered him successively
tiiu positions of Solicitor General, now
filled by Mr. Jonks; tho Civil Service
Cominlsslonorshlp. which Mr. Utterly
accepted; the Pacillc Railroad Cominls
slonorshlp, to which Mr. Littler was af
terward appointed, and thu Inter-State
Commerce Commlsslouership, which
Hon. W. It. Morrison uftervard received.
Ho declined all of them, but the last und
greatest he has accepted..
Had u foreigner stopped into tho Senate
Chamber on Tuesday last ho would
doubtless have ttccn of tho opinion that
tho civil war was in full blast. The oc
casion wus tho delivery of a sjioech by
Senator Ingulls ol Kuiikuh, in reply to
one by Senator Voorheos ol Indiana
mude last week. Mr. lugalls reiterated
his attack ol some weeks ugo on Gen.
Hancock and McCkilan, pitched into thu
South In u much more reckless manner
than ho did when thu war was actually
going on ; and dually made a vicious per
sonal attack on Senator Voorhees, mak
ing all sorts ol unfounded charges against
that gentleman's conduct during thu war.
Tho unfortunate part of the allalr was
that Mr. Voorhees became so maddened
by these attacks that ho allowed himself
to Imj goaded into using language unsuit
able to tho Chamber of tho United States
Senate. Thu provocation was gruat, but
all good Democrats would havu piefuried
that .Mr. vooriieus mid remained imper
turbable. If Mr. lugalls ami thu Hepub-
. "!r n.Wv to thoso old and exploded arguiuentH of a
ntea for iFnlni? quarter of a century ugo, thu Democrats
Hio illnnlu- I ol not object. Ah for the latter, thoy
i ?- ? SI;?.. . Propose making tho fight on thu Issues ,.f
to-uuy: ruvonuu reform and an econom
ical administration of tho Government.
Tho wur is over und u nuw genurutlon of
voters have been bom and have grown
up. It Is to these that thu Democratic
party upieulH for suport,
Tho Senate committee on foreign rela
tions lum nmduii favorable report on thu
Chinese treaty recontly negotiated by Mr.
Cloveland. It will probably bo ratified
bv tho Senate In u snort time. Another
triumph for tho Democratic udiuiutstru-
Spcakor Carlisle will, it Is understood,
inako tlio closing secch on tho Demo
cratic side In thu eunorul debate on tho
have been luiprovldently issued, the rem-1 Mills tariir bill, w hich has some ten days
edy is by uppllcutlon to tho Department to run yet.
ofStuto. "Von will lurther say," writoHl Tlio President bus lcon comisdled, In
tho Secretary, "that II the subjection to tho Interest ol thu public, to put his veto
forced military service of tho citizens i upon quite u number ol small bills of
whose cases you report is based tqion an lute.
assumption that they aro not citizens of i It is thought that the ISIalr 1 'ducat lonal
tho United States, this Department J 1,111 is dead, so far as tlio present session
asks lor their immediate release, of Congress is concerned,
und for proier compensation for The Senate Committee on Interstate
tho losses which thoy have received Commerce have decided to ruport an en
by such detention. It cannot Imj admitted ' tlrely nuw bill, to take thu place of tho
that American citizens not charged with 1 present Interstate Commerce law-,
uny crime should bo detained under ur-i A bill has lcen Introduced in the Sen
rest for oven a single diy after tholr ate to increase tho pensions of soldiers
and sailors wIid contracted heart illsoa.o
in the service, und one in thu House, giv
ing a iionsiou lo all soldiom or sailors w m
served lid days and over, at Iho rule of
ono cent ior month for e.u h day of actual
service. .Should tliU last bill Imc imu a
law, it is esthn ilcd that It wiiuld require
l,j0) extra iiuiKi lor onuyu.irioiu.iKe
i wlilrli would be U"Ho-
proofs of citizenship have luen presented
In cases hko tins tlio united Mates can
never admit tho propriety of submitting
to thu ordinary delays of judicial uctlon."
It is tiuduistood that Gen. Joseph W.
Kwing, disbursing clerk of thu depart
ment of Justice, has been found short in
ids accounts to the oxteut ol JH.OJd ortO.-
0JJ. Jvur (o.ooii ol tho money said tobe I up the rolls, etr
unaccounted lor belongs to tlio accounts lutely nece-isary.
lor I si- ls.i3 and IS-t-I. The Houso iiinmilteo on Terrl'oiieH
Gun. Kwing was u Unbn soldier ol are trying t-j get thu committee m rules
Savoyard In Louisville Courier Journal.
"I havu no hesitation In declaring that
tho income from customs must bu reduced.
It must be t educed at the huzuid of injury
to some branches of manufacturing in
dustry; because this, In my opinion,
would be a less evil than that extraordi
nary and dangerous state of things in
whfch the United States should bo found
laving und collecting taxes for tho pur
pose of distributing them." Daniel Web
ster. Fifty years ugo the United Slates had n
surplus 'in tho Treasury, and thu tariir
question was beforu Congicss then, iih It
Is now, and then it wus that the great ex
iKiumier of thu Constitution delivered
himself of thu above. Ilo did not belluvu
that a surplus was a mutter for congratu
lation rather than alarm. He had un
old-fashioned notion that the lighter the
tuxes the better for the tuxpayeis, whilo
our latiludlnutian statesmen, like John
Sherman, lliluk tlio higher thu ratu ol
taxes, csieclally If based upon consumi
tlou, thu better for the people, tho Gov
ernment and nil concerned. Did I men
tion John Sherman? A change has been
wiought In his Iuwh on this subject since
tho war. Twenty years ago ho had this
to say in u teport to Congress:
"l'vory uilvunce toward a freo ex
change of coinmodllles Is an advance In
civilization; every obstruction to free
exchange Ih born of tho same narrow, de
sist! Ic spirit which planted castles upon
the Rhine to plunder peaceful commerce;
every obstruction to commerce Is a tax
ujion consumption; every facility to u
free exchange of commodities Incrcusen
trade and pushictlon, mid promotes civ
ilization. Nothing is worse than sec
tionalism within a nation, and nothing In
ltetter for the eace of nations than unre
stricted freedom of commerco and Inter
course with each other."
That is llul fieu trade. Frank llurd
never said anything In advance of It, und
certainly there Is nothing In Mr. Cluvu
laud's message that goes further, nothing
in the .Mills bill that gism ho fur. When
Sherman solemnly announced thoso
views to Congress there was no surplus
In thuTieasury, the debt was about dou
ble what it is now, and thu annual appro
priations for thu supjHtit of thu govern
ment woiu greatly in excess of what Con
gress now appropriates. Sheriuan even
goes so far as to Insinuate that whatever
restricts trade and nothing but wur ru
stiicts trade llku u protective tarlll is
Istrn of thu "same marrow, dessitlu
sblilt which planted castles upon thu
Rhino to plunder peaceful commerce."
His own words. Twenty years ugo ho
wus denouncing the tin ill rings us rubber
barons, und to-day ho Is as this with that
ring as llrindle with Cherry, and lit h
himself to the monoMly llku "nun's 'lip
to friar's mouth."
Hut let us look at some of Sam Ran
dall's "Incongruities" on tho tarlll'. We
llnd potatoes protected to the amount of
lit cents a bushel, or till (sir cent. Ono
would think at a glance that thu tarlll' on
iKttatites is a great thing for thu farmers,
out thu piimury object was to protect tho
truck-patch gardeuerH of thu L'ast from
the paujior gardeners of Canada. If o
tatocH am protected, why should not calt
lugo bu given the same protection V A
cabbage Is just as respectable a vegetable
ax it iHilato, yet sauerkraut Is Ireo ol duty.
Can It bo that the consumers of jsttutoes
were to 1st taxed because thu Irltii voted
the Doinocralle ticket, while the con
sumers if kraut were to bo lewarded lie
cause thu Dutch voted the Hepublicau
ticket? It would be dilllcult to llnd any
other reason for the "incongruity."
1 havo been writing ulsiut this tariir
question for more than two years, und
have often protested that I am no great
shakes of a political economist. It Is not
strange, then, that 1 have found myself
in a single error. That is keeping in tho
middle of thu big road veiy considerably
for one who does not profess t" bu an ex
pert at the business. A Michigan gentle
man has dliected attention to an error of
mine In lelatlon to tin. I stated that the
duty on tin was so gieat that none wus
imS)ited. This I llnd upon rigid exami
nation is an erior, but it is an error for
which theiu is home excuse. Take
thu volume of Dill pages issued
by the Government, containing the
tables of importations, dutiable and
fiee, and nine men out of ten will
hunt for the iuioi luthms of tin under thu
head of Iron and stuel and there I llnd
that my Michigan friend is right when ho
savs that in 1M7 we linHiled moio than
o7d.0)0,0iHl Hiumls of tiu plate and It
paid a levenue of above W HJ.tm ). This
(iiuttdflcitiun is what iipliipisi me. 1
ihank my Mi liigan fiiund lor iiiling
out thu error und will try within m depth
in futiiio wlwn Hading among the ocean
ol figuiuM contained in this United Status
Man Montiii.i nt'lo ar-sick und ily
in.', not Hi.- li ! i i n 'i ii, i'l,t ti be
pm-uih nl.t ,is .it nr-t ii ! I