Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887, June 06, 1884, Page 3, Image 3

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4Ilc Wh i
tiii; vamk. :
Tho uoitliug vales I nihvlle uJ fiom roti ; ti
winds, .
As Httlo baliei ! t.-i tier .t'phiu "row,
Somo nirr.iw grge cell lljwory limit Miiil;
Thus wj from childish cym hi'te elcl-r vv-c-The
vales aro thick with cm u, with pbnty
sliino ;
Thus should the children smiln in tunuy glee,
For nno hath Itletscd them w itli u loi p divine,
The untried pilariuia of lift'j toimy em.
Though lough wii d cariii' t enVer, gentlo rain
Refreshes the er en vale, till prints ne-
Their source 'mo snow-did hills : so age
"should g'lin, '4 v s
By gentle tcaclii g childl o id',oiger eyes.
Rain fills the iioolrtlie;tlijrsty,valo,isbYst.(
Thus should children thrive, by love CJreasea,-
The lofty mountains with their snowy ensts,
God's ensigns, 'p:nise tlitir Loid throughout
the land ; r
Their, heights, which few; oiu reach, i i human
Inspiring owe. yet quake beneath His hard.
Oft 'twixt their tumult's and the lower larth,
The wreathing cloud-mists rolj, alone sthey
As sight-ilimmcd igo. Our 'cries f pnin or
mirth, ., s .,, n.
Molest them not; thus r.gij.with deiujontng
I" ., , ...
Benumbs oui- ear, yet near "acli Innelv peak
Srig mountain biid ; saltan a eaofi'tiitumit
From I1i3b0.1t heavens Sliu-t God's saints may
Bis. k 'l
Itefngo in thought divme, though loug yosrs
Ea-th'i sound; on mountain ores: lejose
the A-,
Oar home abate shines clear, as earth grows
dark. . Chambers Journal.
.Angry words are lightly spoken, ,'
Tu a rash and" thoughtless hour ;
lirigbtest links of life nre brLen,
B their deep insidious po er.
Hearti inspired hy w-inne.it feiliuj,
.Ne'er before by aner ptii-red,
Oft ars rent past human healing,
11 a single angry word.
Poison dropi of care and sorrow.
Bitter poison drops are tney,
Weaving for the coming morrow,
Saddest menoriaa of to-day.
Angry words, oh, lit tlmm ncvor i ' ,
From the tonauo unbridled slip; ""
Hay the bearv'sabest impulse, ever
Check them ere they soil the Up.
Love is much too pure and holy,
Friendship is too eacrid far,
For a moment's reckkss folly
Thus to detolalo and mar.
Angry words arc lightly spoken,
Bitterest thoughts are rashly stimd,
Brightts. links of life are broken
By a single angry word
Is the title of an article in the Itural
Tress, giving some excellent ideas in
connection with the education of young
ladies in some departments of agricul
ture. Mrs. Jeannie Carr, who is a well
known writer in California, as well as
teacher, gave a lecture on horticulture
to the young Indies at the seminary in.
Berkeley, which was a novel idea, but a
most excellent one. 'Why should not
women be educated in theso most prac
tical matters. Anyone who undertakes
this pursuit must have a knowledge of
chemistry, botany, and understand n
deal of natural history too, if this light
with insect pests is to go on in Califor
nia. Thero is the bed culture, which Is
eminently adapted to woman's care ; and
silk worm; culture whore the climate
will admit with tho poultry busmen,
on which there much depends on having
a well trained mind. Mrs. Carr propo
ses that women's colleges shall be equip
ped to prepare young women for ii wo
man's business on the form, wheie she
may bo instructed in,
1. The cultivation of fruit and nut
bearing trees, or pomology,
2,JTho cultivation of forest and orna
mental trees and shrubs, or forestry.
3. The cultivation of flowers in the
open air and under glass floriculture.
4. The cultivation of vegetables and
small fruits for market market garden
ing. a. Fruit drying anil preserving, or the
changing of natural into commercial
(5. Domestic cookery and housekeep
ing. 7. Uboful and ornamental needlework:
8. Breeding and caro of poultry.
9. Silk culture (whore practicable )
10. Dairying.
This practical instmctiou would in ac
cordance with the peculiar environment
of the school ; bee keeping, for instance,
being more suitable in some localities than
silk culture. The course would be so
systematized that every pupil would
take part in the manual of farm and
household until the necessary skill was
acquired. The object would be simply
and wholly educational, and when a pu
pil could fit a garment, prepare a whole
some meal, bad a tree, cr execute any
other required task nccoptably, that
would end and something inoro difficult
entered upon, until tho curriculum was
The instructions in cookery of Mrs.
WMchi of the Jowu Agricultural Col
lege, nil excellent- ijluatinlion-s of the
happy union of practical mid theoieticnl
education.in the industries. Tho Iowa
girls uro not le.ss studious1, who furnih
bread for tho college la'ile.-..
My own experience mid obseivation
have satisfied me tli.it elementary in
struction in tin: liiitut ji1 scienco-,in phys
ics and chemistry when faithfully c-u-ried
in tho applications is doubly effec
tive, .Arithmetic and geometry, applied
to actual measuring of Mirfaces, finding
the cubic cuntints of bndiib, laying of
plain to n wale, mo ''fur 111010 cageily
puisucd and easily mastered.
Tho principles of l.iniNe.pe gardening
and of architecture, skeluhingof plants,
drawing and growing them, uro essen
tial acquirements for an accomplished
country womrtn.
,, Daily lessons in tho English language
and its litcrature,and training in expres
sion aie, of coun-c, indispensable in any
scheme of education And, above all,
knowledge of tho laws of health and life,
of the proper euro of children and of the
sjck, will be imparted in our practical
Women -who engage independently in
farming find little nntagonism to over
come j.so close is tho relation between
lurid and tho homo, that1 n woman who
surrounds herself with evidence of thrift
and skill commands uniwrciil respect.
A lady of the t Sacramento Valley dis
played a collection of jollii'i mid pic
served fruits at the State Fair so per
fectly prepared and. tastefully arranged
thitt she not only, f wept tho hoard in tho
way of premiums, imt a San Francisco
banker paid her 500 for them, saying:
"I bought them 111 'a surprise 10 my wife,
and to fchow my roped for woman as
On tho same occasion a woman left on
the, death o! Iter husband ns the sole
lnimagor of u pomplicatcd landed estate,
exhibited tho fruits of her indus-try in a
novel foiiii, viz., in caes of,'-ineet pow
der' which she had manufactured fiom
pyrothrum, .cultivated 'on her own farm.
She cleared off heavy indebtedness, soiu
heij children to tho university, and won
it?pjsition for her.-clf among capitalists
by this culture, ,&mtlior California lady
derivoi 11 ihnnd-'onm income from the
manufacture of olive oil, from trees of
her own luising.
Instances might be iiulefinilely multi
plied to show that for women to-day, as
for men in all tho past, land-ownership
is the "basisof uiistocracy," of nobility,
in the American sene of tho w"rd. My
hopes for advancement of women are
strengthened by the fact that bo many
doors are now open to them into profes
sional callings, and so many facilities af
forded for iucesaiy training therein. It
cannot bo long before- tho Woman's
Indutrml University shall bo cieated
and become the model for hundreds
of practical training bchoola throughout
the country.
Twenty-five dollars a month, with
board, is a common price for a cook, and
many a foreigner has earned tho price of
a email l.irm in 11 single year 01 domestic
servicrj .tsido from this, co-operation
and association is tho moit foasiblow.iy
to success in woman's farming. "By
co-oper.itiOn beggars become capitalists ;"
and school teachers develop into free-.
Holders. Hie eo-opcrativo farm of JIisscs
Austin, Cleveland and Hatch, teachers in
tho San Francisco schools, near Fresno,
Cul , has become famous.
The "colonies" of Southern California
afford excellent opportunities for the ex
tension of the Fresno experiment, so as to
cover branches of business growing out
of fruit growing, silk culture, bee culture,
and other industries. lit many of theso
colonies Jong credits are given for tho
land, and hou-es are frequently built
and furni'-hed on the installment plan,
thus making a small capiral,"pluck, pcr
severanco and energy equal to a larger
A thoughtful lady friend and reader
of the Farmer away off in Dakota sends,
tho following letter ;
Ohiska, D. T., May 1, 1884.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
As I have read your paper ever since
you sent it to the North Dakota Farmer,
I feel as if I would liko to add my mile
to tho Homo Citclo if you would let me.
I'like to read the boy's and girl's letters
so well, and as,I think most of the little
girls would like to help to 111 nko some
thing to adorn the home, I will tell them
how to make rugs, and will send you a
a knit laco pattern. As this is my first
attempt at writing I hope you will correct
all mistakes. Mrs. Jselue Stoxe
Pointed Laco Cost on 11 stitches.
First Bow Knit 5, throw thread over,
narrow, throw thread over, narrow, throw
thread over, knit 2 plain, knit back plain.
Second Row Knit 0, thread over, nar
row, thread over, narrow, thread ovor,
knit 2 plain, knit back plain.
Third Row Knit 7, thread over, nar
row, thread over, narrow, thread ovor,
knit 2 plain, knit hack plain.
r onrtn Kow Jimt 0, thread over, nar
row, thread over, narrow, thread otor,
knit 2, plain knit bock plain.
Fifth Row Knit acroes plain.
Tenth Row Bind off 4 stitche, knit
10 plain ; this makes ono point ; you can
make tliu wide by casting on 15 stitches
and widening to 27.
Bugs, Take a ball of twine, inch a
merchants use, pair of mitten kneedles,
take any kind of soft woolen or wonted
rags', cut them nearly half an inch wide,
cast on the odd number of stitches, 25 iy
ns many ns can le knit easy, knit ono
stitch, lay a mg between tho noodles,
having half an inch out, then knit one
stitch and bring tho) rag forward, knit
one etitch, turn tho tag back, leaving a
loop half an inch, do 'so until you knit
across, leaving loops ono side, smooth
the other, then knit back plain, or it pre
ferred cut tho lag-' in pieces one inch
long, by knitting stitches alike you can
knit liny designs ; whn dono clip all tho
loons and trim even! alunvs knit one
r-titch between each fold of the rags suw
1110 Knit strips together.
Hoping these directions aro plain, I
remain, rospcetfully,
Mrs. Nellie Stoxi:.-
Prevent the formation of a crust in
tea-kettles bv keeping in them an ovster
Pnro apples by pouring scalding water
on ihcni, then quickly slip" off the skins.
To each quart of npplo sauce add a
spoonful of butter. You will find your
sauce improved.
Scour knives with buck dust or
powder by using, instead of a rag and
water, u potato cut smooth at tho end.
If you would havo wholesome .food,
keep tho pantry window down at tho top,
night and day, except in tho coldest
weather. t
Kid shoes eon bo kept soft and freo
from cracks by rubbing thom onco a
week with pure glycerine or castor oil.
Tough meat may bo made as tender
as any by the addition of a littlo vinegar
to the water when it is put on to boij.
Make a squiuo bag of flannel, leaving
one end paitly open. In thi put all the
remnants of soap as tho piero-i become
too small to hnndlo easily. Whuli the
bag is filled, baste up tho opening and it
makes n good bath-tub arrangement.
It is not generally known that when
coffee beans are placed upon hot coals
or upon a hot plato the flavor arising is
0110 of the iiiot effective and at the same
time agreeable disinfectants. If no heat
is obtainable, oven tho -spreading of
ground coffee on the olijoct to be
disinfected is most satisfactory. Amori
enn Queen.
Prevont ivory knifo handles fiom
crucking while washing by soaking the
blades in a pitcher of water instead of
laying them down in a pan.
If tho dish in which osculoped oysters
and similar preparations aie b.ikod is
well buttered, it will be a saving of time
and money, for tho oysters and crumbs
will not fetick to tho dish.
Clean brass with ti solution made by
dissolving ono tablrspoonful of oxalic
acid and two tablcspoonf uls tripoli in n
half-pint of soft water.' Apply with a
woolen rug, and after a few minute? wipe
dry and poliish.
Bee N0103.
Editor Willamette Varmci;
Since I have novor seen any letters
that said anything about bees I thought
I would write. I havo four colonies ;
friends that write to the Homo Cirdlo
can tell the hybrids or Italians fiom tho
blacks by thego'den bands around their
abdomen ; tho Italians havo three golden
bands, the hybrids only have ono oright
and one light band; the hybrids, which
is a cross between a black and Italians,
are very cross. Rather than lot your
bees swarm and let them get away, as
they often do, I prefor artificial swarm
ing. This is dono by moving tho old
stand away and placing an empty hive
there with somo hatching brood, with a
nice capped Italian queen cell; bo sure
to brush all of the bees off of the brood
so that ou will bo suro and not get tho
queen. Do this on a warm day when
tho boes are flying then when they all
como back you will hae quite a swarm.
One of the Farmer Bovh, aoe 12.
"Wo are glad to soe such interest taken
in bee culture by a boy, and havo no
doubt his ideas arc correct, as they seem
to como from practical observation.
A correspondent of Cheney Tribune
writes : Rockford is situated nearly due
cast of Chcuoy, four and a quarter miles
west of the Idaho lino; surrounded by us
good a farming country as wo havo in
the northwest. To the north and cast
for miles extend a va6t body of valuable
timbor consisting of pine, fir and tama
rack with intervening prairios ranging
from five to fifty acres. To tho south
and west open timbor extends from ono
to two miles from which extends south
to the Palonse river and west from tho
Co?ur d' Aleno mountains frofh twenty
to twenty-five miles as rich a prairie as
you would expect to find. Government
land being principally taken up; crops arc
good considering tho dry season, the av
erage being much better than last year.
Some crops aro very light from the fact
that they were put in very lato and the
season has been remarkably dry. Veg
etable are very good whoro they were
planted in season. I consider this sea
son but a test for this country; showing
that however dry the season we can raise
grain and vegetables if wo will plant the
seeds at the proper time.
Dr. Henley's Dandelion Tonic Is in
valuable for impure blood and disor
dered liver.
wi'i Jsfcoaefclal Trseiss for Colds
ad Coughs; "X think them tbo best sod
most convenient relief cxUut." Iter, C. M,
Humphrey, Oraiz, Ky.
4 4pie Iulilrcj.
Sly littlo uirl is nestled
Witbin her liny bed,
With Amber lingftts enV.td
Around her d ii ty luvd;
She lioi'xi valm mid stilly,
Sh-j liioatlieM o soft and low,
Slip cilli to mind a lily
Half bidden in tl.o mow,
A weny htlle mOrtnl
Hie gonu to slumWiland;
The Pixiis at the 1 0rt.1l
Have ovight licr by the hand,
bhc dreams her bioktn dolly
Will si on lie mended there,
That looki so mel mcboly
Upn the rocking chair.
Juno has come, with its flowers and
plenty of strawberries and O, what fun
and wlwt picnics thero will be while tho
berries last there wont-be many letters
written while they Jnst. Tim timo is
coming whon, io fear, tho 'berries will
not be so easily found, the plowing and
grubbing has already spoiled many a
spot where wo would go from year to
year suro of gotting our baskets filled.
Tho wild borries aro so much finer fla
vored than the cultivated one, and then
thoy como earlier.
The first letter wo open to-day seems
to bo neighboily. four letters all in ono
envelop, and all from 0110 placo ; that is
a splendid idoa.
Minnie tells all about homo affairs,
andweshouhl say that mamma could
not voiy well do without her little gill's
holp. It is always good to seo 11 helpful
spirit, and all the steps that can be saved
for mother add so much to her comfort.
Laura is a busy little woman tpo.
Those nruno treos will keenjou nil busy
after awhilo; Aunt llelty knows nbout
it and has to help dry them after awlnto.
O. D. sends a lively littlo letter and
must le 11 go ahead littlo body, but no
doubt will writo more next time.
J ulia starts out well lor a beginnor.
It is not always easy to speak in public,
but it is pood exercise, itis just as neces
sary as it is to have to writo letters ; not
many gii Is read well aloud or speak well,
bceauso thoy are not compelled to do so.
Etta lives nwav up in Colfax; feho
ought to find many njco things. to write
about next timo, but a short letter is net-
tor than none.
Another littlu Minnie nppears in tho
Circle How sweet tho nanio sounds ;
we aro suio wo loyo them nil who carry
thnt namo. Four pets, all her own too;
what a happy littlo girl ; doing every
thing too that she can for her dear
Hattio is another favorite name. Aunt
Hetty hopos that your uiiimmn's "ngri
cultuial" seeds will ennio up, for hors
did nor. We think thero is a deal of
money wasted in such things in Wash
ington. It is an imposition on people,
for now it is too late to sow good seeds
and tho flower beds will bo quito baro of
flowers. Tho seeds aro of very common
kinds, and good for nothing at that.
Those silver-sprayed chickens must be
great pets, but after all tho common
sorts of fowls ore better property and are
not so difficult to raise. Theso high
brod birds are not good mammas ; jiei
haps they think itis not sufficiently dig
nified to run after tho littlo chicks, but
liko some proud ladies, wish to lea'vo tho
little ones to nurses.
North Yamhill, May ti, 1884.
Kditor Home Circle:
I never wrote to the Farmer before
and will now try and write a few lines,
I am eight years old; I go thrco miles to
school and walk part of the time. Wo
havo a good teacher, his namo is Marion
McCoy ; Iiq is going to givq to tho 0110
that gets the most head-marks a prizo ;
I havo eight now. My grandpa takes
tho Farmer and likes it ho has takon
it for somo timo. I help mamma wash
the dishes, feed tho chickens, take caro
of my little brother, and a great many
other things. I have a brother and three
sisters. I havo a cow and calf, a pig and
a pet goat. Evpr your friend,
Minnie Pebki.nh.
for Infants
id overcomes flatulency, Cofutqii
tion, Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea, and
Feverishneta. It Insures health and
natural sleep, without morphine.
" OutorU U so weR adapted to Chfldren (hat
I reconuaeud It u superior to any pruicription
know 10 me." A. A. A amis, JL .,
R Portland Am., Brooklyn, N. T.
CKNTAUtf LtNlsVUNT-an absolute cure for BaetUBa-
tiatn, MpralB. Bursa, oalia, c, Tae stoat rowernu w rw
fnttlBK Pals-relleTtsf; d lesllas; Kenedy knows to sun.
UMr-QBA FEimv,Or.,fMny4,188M.
I-'ditor Home Circle: , ."'
As I sn vr, my last. letter in print I will
try again. I can i-l.iyon tho organ we
have ono, my Undo Will Thompson gave
it to us for a present. I live on u farm
twelve miles fiom Odklaiu', sixtoen miles
from Koselnirg. 1 nm eleven years old.
We havo got 11 young orchard set out
and 101 pruno trees. Wo sold $122
woith of dried fruit lat year. I saw n
letter in the Farmer Inst week from my
s;holninte, Ethel Brock. I will closo
for this lime. Your friend,.
' Oakland,
1, 1884.
Kditor Homo Circle:
Well, here goes, a letter to tho Home
Circle. I have written once to the Home
Circle before. 1 am going to school
now-; wo have to walk two miles to
school. My father lias got about forty
head of cattle and twelve head of horses,
and I have got one lino colt, it is n year
old this spring. I havo got a brother
and sistor up East of tho Mountains,
they aro going to como homo in tho fall
I guess they expect that they will make
a fortune beforo then, but I don't do
vout Well I will have to quit' for this
time. I romnin 'as ever your friend, ' M
C. I). Barxard.
' Usu-qua Ferry, On, May 1, 1884.
Editor Home Circle: ' '
This is my first attempt to write to the
Far.mer;' my papa docs not take the '
FArmer, but I often see tho young folk's
letters. Wo have not got any cows now.
I have,nnt got any brothers. Wo havo
got twenty-four chickens and ten tur
keys; I havo got a pair of pigeons, their
names aro Lucy and Bobie; I have got
a littlo baby sistor, sho is three months
old, her name is Iva Grade. Wo have
got a family staying at our houso ; they
havo got a span of nortes- and two cows.
I rim going to school; to-morrow we
will have to speak, I have" to', but I'
don't liko to speak. Your friend,
Julia Cartwbkiiit.
Coliwx. W. T., April 21!, 18S4.
Editor Hume Ciicle: '-
As I hovo not written to the Homo'
Circlo for somo timo I will write again.
I havo been going to school for thico
weeks. Wo havo twenty two littlo cliick
ons. Pa has got his crop all in now'. At
bchool last'summei-il got a nice bbok for'
a prizo. I go to Sunday School every
Sunday. As I can't think of anything
more to writo I will close. Your friend,
Etta Waumotu.
Umi-quX Ferry, Or., May 8, 1884.
Kditor Homo Circlet
As I havo not written to tho Farmer
for awhilo 1 will try and, writo; this will,
make my fourth letter to tho Farmer;
whorl 1 wrote betoio tho week my letter
was printed wo did not get tho Farmer,
so I did not get to seo my letter in print,
but it was published. I -have got two
pot shoop; mamma .has got tint ty-two
largo chickens and twenty littlo ones,
and wo havo got somo littlo ducks and
three largo ones. I will (ell you what I
do to, help my mamma: I help wash
dishes, milk, wash and help to scrub; I
feed the chickens and gather tho. eggs.
Wo milk throe cows now. 1 have' got n
pair of pigeons, their names tiro Lucy
and Will Lucy laid two eggs, but sho
wont set on them. I go to school. My
pupa' has got eight horsos, but ono of
thoin is a young colt. We have got all
our garden made. Your friend,
Minnie Tiiomi-hon.
Harmony, Or., May
J), 188.
Editor Home Circle :
As I havo uevor written to any paper
I thought I would writo to tho Farmer,
My mamma has six geeso; I go to school;
I am ten years old j we have a literary
meeting every Saturday .night; I nm go
ing to spunk a pieco next Saturday, We
have a, nico garden, and, also a nice
flower garden; mamma got fifty pack
ages of llovvor seeds from the Agricul
tural Department this spring. Pupu has
100 acres of land, it is nearly all seeded
in timothy and clover. Maminu got a
pair of gold and silver spauglod chick
ens for ' a Christmus present thoy aro
real rdco my brother Johnnie sent theni
from Independence,' wo are raising loin
of chickens this spring; wo aro going to
havo lots of fruit this summer, too.
Papa's health is not very good and go my
brothor hub como homo to help us run
tho farm. Papa has taken tho Farmer
for many years, and wo take several
other pupCH, but I like tho Farmer the
best because it has so many Ifttlo letters
in. Yours truly, Hathe Piiilliiv,
and Children.
What (pre our Children roar cheeks.
what cure their ravers, makm them slcrp
When babls fret and cry bjr turns.
What suns their colic, kill their worms.
Hut Ctorla.
What qulcklr cures ConstlpaUon,
Bour Biofnach, Colds, IwUgentlon,
rarewtU then to Morphine Syrups,
Castor Oil and Jarrgrtc, and