Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View This Issue
March, 27, 1884.,
, Editor Willamette Farmer:
Never did things' look more prosper
ous at Macleay and surrounding coun
try than now. Tho farmers all took ad
vantage of tho good weather and are
through sowing, and now are busy plow
i ing Bummer-fallow. Our grain all looks
well, and I must say it is quite a con'
, trast to last year at this time, and it
v would do you good to meet ono of bur
, old farmers now to see him 'smile and
tell how fine his wh,eat looks. It looks
to mo as though some of our gray-haired
farmers are ten years younger than they
were at this time last year, yet Borne are
already borrowing trouble in regard to
the poor prospect of price. Did anyone
'ever know of a 'country running behind
that had good crops? Last year we had
a. poor crop and a poor price, yot wo '
lived through it, and I am glad to say
that nt one in our section of country has
starved, and all seem to. 'have plenty to
eat and. wear, and in one respect I think
., the freeze-out in llic long ruu will be an
v advantage, for in the first place it is a
' help to our soil, and in the second place
it will teach the people not to live up to
tneir years means Deiore tney get it. and
it will also teach farmers not to resort to
wheat raising alone ; we want more mixed
farming, so that if we should fail in one
we will succeed in the other.
JIt is quite fashionable at Macleay lax
the young' men, to take theiirls to
church and the old man to take them
I will just say to the livery men of
Salem that they need not make any
calculations on furnishing the Macleay
youngsters with buggies, as it is leap
year, and our young ladies are yery eco
nomical; to save the exponscs of a bug
gy they just take tho young gentlemen
on behind them.
Mrs. Saloma Browcr is paying her old
homo and friends a visit, and we hope
he will give us a call before she goes
Mrs. Bossier and family are expected
down from tho Upper Country soon.
On the first Sunday in April, .at Liber
ty ich'H)! house, Macleay, Elder Eavid
Browor, ono of our highly esteemed
friends, will preach David Kieeter's
funeral sermon. He was one of Ma
cleay's best citizens. He died about two
months ago while on a visit to his daugh
ter near Walla Walla. Mr. Kiester
came here about four years ago from Il
linois, ami had a great many friends and
a widespread reputation as a mechanic,
and wbo-o loss" is deeply felt by tho en
tire community. He was a member of
the Dunker church.
Uncle Johnny Kaya is no better and
don't expect to stay with us long.
Our school is progressing finely, and
our school teacher has created quite an
interest in some of our young men for
going to school ; I almost wish I could
I will close by Faying that we don't
want to be forgotten in your valuable
paper, and would be highly pleased to
have you give us a call sometime.
Tree Culture Information Wanted.
2.13 Richmond St., )
Toronto, March 17, ISSi.j
Editor Willamette Farmer:
I am engaged, at tho instance of the
Ontario government, in investigating the
question of forest preservation and re
planting, with the view, if found practi
cable, of government action in checking
jhe too rapid deforestering of our pro
vince. The object is one in which, I
have no donbt, yon will take some inter
est; I have therefore ventured to ask
t jour assistance in 'an, important' point.
Jn hoijcirignbat experiment- hve teen
made in this province! "find that little
beyond rows of trees hae been planted. '
m j m . y. : . -"-?i- . .. .
tt KJ . UO".iT ' - J
ufesw w j r o- l 7- zmic.Kf&jWzyLTti...
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY,
I wih you could take tho troublo to find
for rriq whether in your vicinity any troos
have lecn planted in blocks or squares ;
even a quarter acre would furnish an
example. I would liko to know what
kinds of trepsier6 used,nt what size mid
ago planted, how f.ir apart, what is the
soil, what si70 and age the, tree now, and"
generally how the plantation has suc
ceeded. If you could find for nie as
many of these particulars as possible,
and send an answer as soon as may be,
I shall be infinitely obliged to you, as I
find such information difficult to get. If
it will bo any additional inducement, it
may assist you in an advertising way, as
the information obtained will be ac
knowledged with thanks in a gratuitous
publication which will bo largely circu
lated throughout Ontario, and to some
extent in the rest of Canada, as well as
in the United States. I mail a forestry
report, which-may be worth noticing,-if
you choose in your paper.
Yours truly, R. W. Piiirrs,
Clerk of Forest Preservation.
A Lane County Farmer on the Grass Question.
CnEsswEix, Or., March 24, 18.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
Your talk in the last issue ipon
grasses I hope will wake up some of our
brother farmers to givo (I mean all who
ore interested in the subject) their views
or what is better their experience in the
cultivation of tho different kinds of
grasses, when it is tho best time to sow,
and with or without a crop of grain. I
sowed timothy last spring; some with
oats and some without grain, but failed
to get anything like a reasonable stand.
Last fall, after tho rains came so I could
cultivate the land, I had sowed seven
teen acres to red top seed and it seemed
to come thick onough, but there is none
to bo seen this spring. Velvet grass is
the best to catch and grow of anything
we have found in this section. Who can
give their cxporienco with clover? what
kind of soil is best for it?
I was greatly surprised at the death
rato of horses named in the Farmer. I
hoar of qui'to a number having died in
the upper part of this valley. I wish
here to thank your correspondent (do
not remember the name) who recom
mended the giving of .saltpeter and sul
phur in cases where horses were attacked
with the staggers. The day I saw his
article in tho Farmer I found two of my
horses' sick with the disease and com
menced the treatment as recommended,
and after a few days one of them did not
seem to rally and gave two-thirds of a
large-sizea teacupiui oi castor oil in
about a pint of milk, this gave relief in a
few hours. What is the cause of the
disease? Some say it is caused by the
rod rust we find on tho fern. Whoknows?
My horses were fed or grain or wheat
hay that hod fern in it, and my neigh
bors horses.not having fern hay were not
sick. ' ' N.A.W. Howe.
Some Experience with arastes.
Tangent, Or, March 25, 1881.
Editor Willamette Fanner.
I see a good deal in the Frrmer about
grasses and how to make pastures. The
editor of the Farxieu said some time ago
that he hauled dust on his door-yard,
and sowed it with grass seed, and that
tho grass was then six or eight inches
high in the middle of winter, and seems
to think that we might have our pas
ture1) that way if wo' would work them
ripht. I plowed my door-yard several
years ago and eowed part to white and
part to Alsike clover; the Italian rye
grass has also got a start and is now
six or eight incites high, and I liayo
had to mow it several times' during tho
summer. I have nlo a lot alongside
sowed Jo.Asike and red, clover that
would grow so big that it would fall be
fore the weather became dry enough to
mako hay, but for the last ..two orihreo
years I have, used if for posue ojidt is
now not more than two inches" hjgh; I
also have a pasture alongside of native
and tame grasses that is not high enough
for good shceptfosturr, although there
lias been no stock on it since the hard
freeze, so we see that where ground hns
been tramped yffth toek the grass 'vyill
not grow like it will in a door-jard
whero stock is not allowed to run. I
find, to h.avo thrifty pastures of mead
ows wo have to plow and rosccd every
two, three or four years. I find that
timothy will stand more tramping than
other grass, and makes better hay. 1
had some mesquite grnsb, but the cold
weather a year ago killed it entirely out,
and it has not showed itelf since ; it is a
very light grass -and but little account
hero at best. I flnd"tho Italian rye grass
the first to start in the spring and will
grow in the hardest ground and will
keep tho greenest; .through the winter
and dry weather of the summer of any
other grass. I have been a resident of
Linn county for tfjirty years and this is
my experience with grasses and givo it
for what it is worth. John Lwlr.
Weather Report for March. 1884.
EolA, April 1, 1884.
Editor Willamette Farmer:
During March, 1884, there were 11
days during which' rain and snow fell,
and an aggregate of 2.49 inches of wa
ter; there were 5 clear, 3 fair and 12
cloudy days, other than those on 'which
rain or snow fell.
The mean temperature for the month
was 44.15 deg.
Highest daily mean temperature foi
tho month, 52 deg. on the 15th.
Lowest daily mean temperature for the
month, 33. deg. on tho 6th. -
Mean temperature for the month at
2 o'clock p. h., 51.26 deg.
Highest temperature for the month, C2
deg. at 2 r, m. on the 3d.
Lowest temperature for the month, 25
deg.iit 7 A. M. on tho 8th.'
Frosts occurred on the 3, 4, C, 7, 8,
10, 20, 21, 20, 27, 29, 30, 31.
Thero was 2J inches of snow on tho
8th, which disappeared during the day.
The prevailing winds for tho monta
wero from tho north during 13 days,
southwest 11 days, south 7 days.
During March, 1883, thero were 17
rainy days and 7.37 inches of water, 3
clear, and 4 cloudy days.
Mean temperatmo for the month,
Highest daily mean temperature for
the month, 50 deg., on the 30th.
Lowest daily mean temperature for
the month, 9 deg. on tho 19th.
Borne Well Bred .Borate.
Last fall we were fortunate enough to
be in the Klickitat country, and also to
meet Mr. Geo. Waldron. Mr. W. is the
present owner of Winthrop Knox, a
grand old horse brought to this country
by Neemith & Lang. Wo see by an East
em Oregon paper thaj, George Waldmn
advertises to sell two of the get of Win
throp Knox, viz.; Johnny Knox and
Young Ben. They aro both' of an ex
cellent strain, and aro fivo and three
years old respectively. To aiiy one in
this valley who desires to procure a good
stallion with roadster qualifies, combined
with good size, we take pleasure in re
ferring them to Mr. Waldron. Address
Goldendalo, W. T.
During the late stallion show, Mr. Geo.
Goodhuo had on exhibition at the store
of Messrs. Brown fc Fullerton, dcalors
in agricultural implements, an incuba
tor in full operation, together with an
artificial mother. Tho incubator is a
self-regulating one, and is without a
doubt a perfect success. Thero were
eggs therein which through a tester
showed (after 15 days' incubation) the
outlines of tho forthcoming chick. Tho
prettiest thing of all was bis artificial
mother, wherein ho had some thirty
chicks. The little things were healthy
looking, and at the least intimation of
danger would rush to the, artificial moth
er, and peep out at us through the win
dows. Wo shall give a full description
of it feoohJ, '
For a Ccagb or Cold ttert ii to reined
ejaal to Anton't Coogli Siup,
APRIL 4, 1884.
EXCELLENT HDl.il. KSPLAV.
Saturday, Man i -' . sr.i announced
for ahorso display .' f -.'lorn, and thirty
sctn stallions pu-tnl l on Commercial
street before hundred of spectator. It
was a gala day for Pali m, and tho mu
nificent animals that weio led through
town were a proof of the enterprise and
good breeding for Oregon hoihemen.
Here wero almost two score of flno tril
lions that came together at short notice
in ono singlo town of this valloy, and
ery likely every town of five hundred
population in Western Oregon could bo
mado the scene of as good a tt.illion
show. In the single item of breeding
horses more value is involved than many
believe. It is one of' tjjo important
branches of farm production, and ono
of tho most profitable. Evory farmer
can keep a team of mares and profit by
their increase as well as by their labor.
This interesting parade called out
many remarks in faor of stock exhibi
tions in general. One suggestion was
made to this effect : that we should hao
county or district organizations, and
make occasional exhibits to be held for
several days continuously, combining
with tho mero fact of exhibiting stock
of all kinds a reliable market for their
sale. Suppose that every three months
a display is made for premiums or oth
erwise, not confined to one class, but in
cluding all classes. Notice is given far
and near, and a large attendance is ee
cured; those who wish to sell bring their
stock for tho inspection of those who
wish to purchase." It-tabes the form of
a stock market, and1 being regularly and
permanently organized, is looked for
ward to with anticipation and eagerness.
Men who should be in need of stock of
any kind would go to tho stock market
to buy, and those who wish to dispose
of animals will go thero to sell. It
would grow more important every year,
and soon become a fixed institution.
Tin older countries of tho world havo
regular open markets nt stated times, if
not continuously. Wo could establish
somo system of the kind to advantago
in many of the larger towns of our
State. Ferhaps tho great stock exhibits
would bo better kept'moro to themsehes
than associated with a general market,
but when they shall bo held it will also
be easy to buy and sell. Such an ar
rangement as wo vpeak of will tend to
give a definite idea of values. For in
stance: a great stock show invites sales
and these fix prices. Tho quotations
made from such sales could bo depend
ed on as fair and reliable. Thero are so
many good and sufficient reasons for
establishing through ecry county (or
perhaps uniting two counties) in mak
ing regular stock displays and stock
markets, that it seems unnecessary to
argue tho question. It is a good ques
tion to discuss privately and also oj .on
ly, as well as in these columns, and wo
hope to see it receive due attention.
We herewith, through tho courtesy oi
Dr. Jeffreys, append a partial list of tho
stallions on parade. This list is not en
tirely complete, but comprises all tho
Al-iiuto, chestnut, by Geo. Wilkes;
dam by Sparrow Hawk, by Humboldt;
2d dam, by imjwrted Glencoe ; owned by
H. J. Dawno, and sold on day of tbo pa
rade toToitnsend Brothers, of Wheat
land, for $1,500.
Woodbury, bay, ag 13, by Woodburh ;
dam, Moss Itosc ; owned by D. It. Wells,
Inauguration, bay, 12 years old; by
California Alexander, by Goo. M. Patch
en,Jr., by Geo, M. l'atchcn; dam by
Hoagland's Grey Mesnengcr (sco ad. for
extended pedigree); owned by C. I', Pur
Autocrat, sired by Inauguration, 21
moB. old, weight, 8fi0. This tolt was
tho ben liked of any in tho ring, uud'is
owned by E. J. Daw no, of Saleni.
A brown hlly. by inauguration r o-.wifd
by Harvoy Ogle, of Salem j 2 years old;
n ilno colt, aha Cut oi sire.
- Mac, brown, 15 jers ohLliy Sawyer
Colt, by Stock-bridge- Cliii;f dam by
General Taylor.' A lull pedigree rian b
sen In the advcrtinhig'colnmne. Owned
by J . J, Eilmundfton, of Macleay, Or.
Mascn Chief, dark brown, C jeara old,
full pedigroo in ndv.'rtisingcolumns ; im
poitnd in 1S83 fiom Kentucky, and has
mado one successful season in Salem,
and colts show excellent points ; owned
by G. W. Peck, of Auinsvillc, Oregon.
Ilamblotonian, Jr., 4 years old, 1
ll.ieou's Hamblctonitin; dam by Consti
tution ; wei'hl 1.150; l'i hands high;
owned by Owen" O. Baker, Salem, Or.
Magna Chartn, mahogany bay ; 12
yoarsold; by old Mugna Charta; dam
by Vermont Hero; owned by J. W.
Meyer, of Smithfield, Or. j
King Tom, bay ; 7 years old ; weight,
1,400 ; Mi hands li'jjli ; is lino stylo ;
sued by King Tom, Si, by Lexington ;
dam by Beacon; imported from Canada
in 1884; owned by E. W. Itossiter, of
Marquis, an imported Clydesdale, and
good breeder; imported by T. J. Ed
mundsoi, of Muulcay, Or. (Soo ad. in
Sir Stafford, bay; 4 years old; 16J
hands high ; weight, 1,7C0; import A
from Scotland, anil now owned by Sav
age & Fletcher, of S.ilem.
Dom Pedro, brown ; imported ; weight,
1,800 ; owned by S. D. Shaw.
Blnek I'rince, 4 years old; by Atlantic
(Poicheron); dam, au EnglMi draft
niaro importod fiom Illinois; weighs
1.C00, aim Bt.mils, 1GV hands; bied mid
owned by Win. Pearson, of Mariuu Sta
Hancock, grey; 4 years old , by White
Prince; dam by Old Goorgo; owned b.
Win, Townseud, Sa'niii, Oiegon.
Prido 1st, dapple grey ; 7 ycirs old ; bj
Prido of 1'crche; weighs 1,450, and is
owned by Alfred Hovendni, Hubbard
Frido 2d, iron groy; by Fride of
Poroho; dam by Sidney and Henry,
owned by Ben Woidson, Lincoln, Ore
gon ; also Sam, a dark' bay, sired by u
Olydo horso; dam and owner Bamo as
Young Warden, a bright bay: 8 years
old; sited by Ben Roy; weight, 1,500,
owned by J. E. Ueckwitli, JeiferMjii.'Or
Itobin Hood, imported French-Canadian;
owne'l by Kennedy & Smith.
Giant, a pure bred Kentucky Jack; H
years old ; owned by T. J. Edtuuiidson,
of Macleay. (Sec advertisement.)
Col. Messenger, 7 yeais old, ileop sor
rel, Oregon bred, Hi hand hih ; in
chat go of M. F. Wright. (Sie ud. in an
Are Horses Boit?
During the past year thero has hoen
an unusual los f horses by tho farm
ing community of this State. Tho qui s
titm naturally aiiscs: "How to piovcnt
it?" Of cnurr.o, ihero is the tunuial
mortality to tnko place, and when wo
see so manv valuahlo animals din in onu
eo'ison, w c.miiot believe that they arc
on thu dentil toll by courtesy of age. In
tin stock parade lust week wo notic d
a Jick,and the nuesiion wa propounded
to us as to whether it would not b well
to breed moro mules. Mules aro hurdy
and loss liable to accident- and diseases,
and ugain aro excellent workets. Our
quostion then is partially answered.
Mules can bo raised, and thero will bo
less mortality among the iquino raco iu
our State. Try tho experiment, us wo
havo now an excellent Jack in the
Blutuis out stumps.
Wo had hoard considerable said about
tho su'cossfnl manner in which Messrs.
G. W Mdloraiul Hon G'ubor huvti iieeti
grubbing out Htums by tuenns of
b'aatint", and on last Friday v.-:1 vHtcd
th Hold of thoir opoiaiiotm on the fm m
of Mrc Martin, oata of town, and weir
agreuhlyr surprised u witues'iiig tho
ciiectual manner in whiih thev diiqsMO
of iho largest nnd toughest ofr stumps.
They ttso tho Judbon powder with giant
xiwdcr ami cap and fuse b expl do it
It is placed under tho cenor of tin
stump, and tho amount proportioned to
tho sizn of I ho stump Tint siuinu and
toots aro literally t rn all to picc; mid
iv altered in (ivory direction, N stump
is too In rg, old nor tough to defy tho
tkill of these men with their powerful
aeut. Stumps can be taken out by (his
process foi a trilloof what it would cost
by any other means, Oregon Itegisttr.
Ibo late 'H'l) Fotter.
Of the lato I'hiliii roster tho Orruon
City Enterprise ha the follow in v sketuli
On Kiiiluy, March II, Mr. Foier vus
in iif ustiafliculth, went around u uus
liin u-oiit in tin, miii'in v. t nun In, im, nt.
iiooniind sat down and atu n hearty
i a ,... ..i;...., I,., i:.. i.i. ui i ,. .
JDV" iiiirr .Moult i r Of$ou-i inn jmjiv
and gilt us fur thu door l i.'it out, I lit
cuJIhI his son. Kls-M. toprnont him
fiom filling, which was done, llo us
kindly tul.cn cuio of but novir iuaiuul