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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 23, 1881)
WILLAMETTE FARMER: PORTLAND, OREGON, SEPTEMBER 23, 1881,
THE WHEAT OWNERS' MEETINO.
The meeting of wheat owners was held, ac
cording to our announcement, on Sept. 4th, at
Grangers' Hall, corner Califurnia ami Davis
street. Hon. H. M. Larue, of Sacramento,
The first order of business was the receipt
of the report of the committee appointed last
April to consider the advisability of forming a
wheat sluppine association and other matters.
The report was signed by the President, Air.
Lame, and Messrs. Woods and Ostrauder, of
the Committee. It was as follows:
REPORT OF COMMITTEE.
Your committee, appointed to report to this
adjourned meeting a plan of organization,
having in view the promotion of the interests
of the wheat growers of California, beg leave
to report that, since the adjournment in April,
much thought has been bestowed upon the
proposition to form a separate organization of
grain growers, aud the more that is bestowed
upon it, the more intricate and doubtful
seems the proposition. The divers opinions
expressed at the April ssssiou, as to the means
to be employed to attain the end, were such
as would appear to render all attempts to
unite the wheat growers upon any one meth
od that might be proposed impossible. Suc
cess in this enterprise means responsibility;
means business experience and capacity;
means tangible capital; and the the question
is, can we command these in sufficient quanti
ty to inspire confidence in business circles and
the support of the farming fraternity ? The
difficulties experienced in the organization and
the putting of the Grangers' Bank and Grang
ers' Business Association iuto successful opera
tion, avowedly for the same objects and under
the stimulus of Grange enthusiasm, whicii
was at the time at fever heat, would answer
tho question in the negative. Those of us who
are familiar with the inception of these instiu
tions, know full well with what zal the pre
liminary steps wero taken to form these incor
porations, and they also know how that zeal
ebbed when farmers were asked to put down
binding signatures to furnish money to place
them on the necessary financial basis, and a
less favorable result even is feared should we
attempt tho formation of a new and separate
organization. But if it bo inexpedient, if not
impracticable, to build up this separate organ
ization, let us see if the machinery is not
already at our hands to accomplish the very
objects sought by this convention.
The Grangers' Bank and Grangers' Business
Association of San Francisco were created
solely for the benefit of the farmers to give
them additional capital and facilities for hold
ing their products for a reasonable market,
and tor handling their crops. These institu
tions have been under the eye and direction of
honest, practical men, in the interest of agri
culture. They are now provided with ample
storage and shipping facilities in the system,
with experience and sufficient capital, and
whatever a new organization could accomplish
can be as well or better done by these
agencies, belonging to. and managed in the in
terest of farmers. If these institutions are a
success, and their present standing in finan
cial, commercial and farming circles indicates
that they arc, then there is no need of forming
a new one for the same purpose. If not a suc
cess, it would be idle to attempt to do what
has proved a failure under much more favor
able circumstances. If the wheat growers
would unite to sustain tho houses owned,
managed and .controlled by themselves, would
not the benefits anticipated by this conven
tion, arising from a district organization, be
secured? So it seems to us.
The present Btato of the wheat market re
quires some attention from this convention,
The most reliable reports received from all
parts of the world make it almost absolutely
certain that grain crops are much below the
average. When it is' also known that not
above one-third, certainly not to exceed one"
half, of an average crop has been raised this
year in this State, when there is more than
double the tonnage in tho harbor and to arrive
than there was one year ago, and when, furth
cr, the high rates to Kurope are stimulating
every vessel possible to head this way for car
goes. Our fanners pursue the suicidal policy
of pouring iuto the San Francisco market
more wheat than is wanted to fill the ships,
thereby keepiug up freights to an exorbitant
figure, and depressing the price of wheat cor
respondingly. With storage already a fixed
charge, what must lw paid in any event with
interest at seven to nine per rent, per annum,
it is simply a question of endurance, if inclin
ed to make it one, between the farmers and
ship owners or ship brokers. It is believed the
farmer can hold out the longest with his
wheat in the warehouse, than the ships lying
in the harbor. It should be a cardinal princi
ple never to crowd the market with wheat
when ocean freights are above, and wheat is
lelow a reasonable rate. In conclusion, it is
recommended that a resolution be adopted by
the convention declaring its conviction that
relief from the present, exorbitant ocean
freight can be secured only by withholding
wheat from sale until more reasonable terms
The report was adopted.
Mr. Amos Adams spoke of the necessity of
the farmers co-operating, and concentrating
their wheat so it could pass througu one chan
nel. He explained that the farmers were their
own enemies, for every time they held a meet
ing in San Francisco, they had their pjcktts
filled with samples of uhcat, which they ex
hibited to various dealers and urged them to
buy. He stated that when these meetings
were being held, the business associations
could not secure half so good a price for wheat.
It they had oueagent whom they could tru,t,
their wheat could be held until the price of
freight was reduced. It was unreasonable at
present, being 4 Gi i"t 3s. The farmers could
ave $5 or 10 a ton by co-operating. If they
reaolved to hold their wheat, they could live
up to their resolutions, liis association was
erecting wharf and etoragu capacity near Port I
Costa, capable of accommodating 50,000 tons, J
and they had plenty of wharf room for their
The Chairman explained that he visited
San Francisco on June 26th, and at their
meeting it was represented that thero were
000,000 tons of wheat on hand, and only 400,
000 tons capacity was in port and on the way.
Believing the information, he sold S'20,000
worth of wheat. Subsequently he had ascer
tained that the amount ef wheat on hand had
been exaggerated. If he had received correct
information ho would not sell his wheat. The
STATISTICS AS TO" THE CItors.
Mr. Mcl'ike contended that the wheat crop
was considerably less than it was last year.
At the present time there were in port and on
the way shipping facilities for 500,000 tons,
aud by the 1st of November half of the wheat
in the State could be accommodated. If the
farmers would hold for sixty days, he believed
they could get two cents for their erain. The
farmers should seize their opportunity. There
were not 900,000 tons of wheat in the State,
and by the 1st of March they would not have
enough left to load a ship.
Mr. Adams explained that grading wheat
was a thing that farmers could not reach.
They could not remedy that. When they sold
their wheat, the shippers had a right to do
just as they desired with it. The Business
Association had facilities for shipping 7,000
tons a4lay. They could load three vessels at
once, having three tracks, and in 15 days cars
would be running on their wharf.
TORT COSTA WAREHOUSES.
Mr. Ostrander believed the Busincs Associ
ation had studied the farmers' interests in
erecting the warehouses at I'ort Costa. If the
farmers sent wheat to them, he had no doubt
that the sweepings would not be as much as
elsewhere, and doubtless the wheat would be
honestly weighed. At present a contest exist
ed between the farmer and the ship broker.
The brokers and their hirelings wero continu
ously declaring that wheat is bound to go
down, and the farmers are constantly remind
ed that there would not bo ships enough to
transport it The farmers should not believe
them. There was enough tonnage on the way
to carry off 600,000 tons; enough in port to
carry 120,000 tons, and since July 1st, 100,000
tons have left. It seemed to him that the
farmers could easily combine and control 500,
000 or 000,000 tons of wheat, and then they
could dictate to these grain men. The Liver
pool market was high enough at the present
time to allow the farmers to sell their wheat
for two cents, if they only managed things
Mr. J. V. Webster believed for the last two
months that the farmers have been masters of
the situation. He alluded to the enormous
waste in loading grain and the chances of dis
honest weights, and maintained that by
selecting a warehouse at deep water they
could have their own agents to weigh and
handle their own grain. The Business Asso
ciation could see to that, and he believed that
by adopting such a course they could save
enough to pay for storage.
Mr. Upton, a large wheat grower, stated
that he was inclined to hold his wheat, pro
vided they all agreed to do likewise.
Captain Nelson, of Butte, declared that tho
man who held his wheat would get a big price.
Ho inquired what were the port charges.
The Chairman explained that San Francisco
was considered the most expensive port in the.
Captain Nelson declared that the monop
olists controlled San Francisco. He asserted
that they had squeezed everything they could
out of the interior of the State to build up
San Francisco, and they had done tho same
for the whole coast. Instead of doing like
Other cities, building up the country, they
have been robbing the country to build up the
Mr. Beckett maintained that to encourage
the milling of wheat, frco tonnage should be
granted. If free tonnage was not granted foi
flour, he would patronize Port Costa or else
Mr. English, of Contra Costa, said he was
holding his wheat. The wheat crop, he said,
was a total failure in England, and she would
need all of our surplus. The freights should
be five or six dollars lesa. He was willing to
let shippers have 00 shillings a ton, but they
were now getting 85. Low interest and a fine
prospect ought to induce tho farmers to keep
their crop. If San Francisco hod been acting
in favor of speculators, the farmers ought to
support Port Coata. Their freight was fifty
cents less; dockage very low, and there was
room enough for all the wheat in the State.'
Insurance money and port charges were also
Sevesal motions were introduced fixing a
date to which the meeting was to adjourn.
Finally it was decided to reconvene on
Wednesday, September Nth.
Un motion, a committee was appointed to
ascertain the amount of wheat on hand, the
amount of tonnage, etc., on the way, the sur
plus of wheat for shipping, and to prepare a
circular to be sent to fanners, urging them to
hold on to their wheat, and to attend the
meeting to be held on the 4th inst.
The meeting then adjourned.
Who are Insane?
"What I war' going to remark," began
Brother Gardner as the hour arrived, and the
triangle sounded, "am to ask who among you
am insane? I should like to make out a list as
soon as possible, an' I hope dat no lunatic will
feel backward about kandiif in his name."
"You look surprised," continued the ohr
man, as he walked up anil down in Iront of his
desk, "but I am quite satisfied that we have
at lcat a dozen lunatics among us. Ve man
who shot de President could read law an'
plead It; he could cheat, lie, kwmdle, bilk ho
tela, buy an' sell, come an' go, push his claims
fur otiice an' go on long journey, an' yet he
am deela e.l to be crarv. No one 1t L-nna-p.l
it 'till he became an assassin. If he hadn't
tried to commit murder he would still be I
looked upon as a dead beat instead of a luna
tic. Now I proposo to take time by de 4-lock
and make a list of do lunatics in our club fur
de benefit of de purleece. Let each assassin
stan' up as his name is called by de Seek
rotary. " .
The Secretary went through the roll in his
usual sing-song way, and not a member stood
"Worry well," said the President, "let de
Seckrctary make a note of dis. You have all
plead guilty to bein' pcrfeckly sane, an' you
mus' take de consequences. If ary one of you
walk out of a grocery wid a codfish under
your coat, or am oberhauled by de purlecco
wid a bag of chickens on your back, cloan' try
to shirk de consequences by pleadin' insanity."
Responsibility of Employers.
When a boy of 10 was at work upon &
printing press ,in the press room of a New
York paper the press was unexpectedly start
ed. Tiie boy sprang back from his dangerous
position, and in so doing tipped over the
bench he was standing on, causing him to fall
against another press, which caught his arm
and injured it so as to make it forever useless.
He sued the proprietor in the Superior Court,
and obtained a verdict for $3,000 damages.
The defense was that the accident was caused
either by the negligence of the plaintiff or of a
fellow workman, for which the proprietor was
not responsible.. In charging the jury, Judge
Speir said that if the plaintiff or a skilled fel
low workman were negligent the plaintiff
could not recover damages; but that if the
agent of the defendant employed persons not
skilled in their work aud the accident occur
red through the negligence of one of such per
sons, the defendant was responsible. An ap
peal was taken from the judgment on the
grounds that Judge Speir erred in thus charg
ing, and in permitting the plaintiff to exhibit
his mutilated arm to the view of the jury,
thus arousing their sympathy. The General
Term affirmed the judgment m a longopiuion.
A Contrary Mule.
A farmer in this county, says a North Caro
lina paper, has a mule so awfully contrary
that he can do nothing with it. Put him in
harness, and it is hard to say which way he
will travel. . Put a saddle on him, and he ap
pears to doze, but try to mount him and he
will all of a Biulden begin to kick every way
straight out, straddling, with all four legs at
once. As to eating, he will cat anything, from
liis feed trough op to a wooden saddle. The
owner took a notion to have him shod, but ho
kicked out the blacksmith shop and returned
home. The owner tried to kill him, some time
back, so he tied his cars with a trace chain
and rode him for six consecutive days and
nights as hard as he could under whip and
spur. The fact is, that he nearly killed him
self in the effort, and had to be carried up
stairs to bed, ami his firm belief was that the
mule would die that night; but, to his aston
ishment, the next morning he found that the
mule had kicked to death a Chester sow
weighing 300 pounds, bit a piece out of his
horse's shoulder, ate up a saddle, blanket and
bridle, tore down the tence, and was splurg
ing about, more devilish than ever, to find
something else meaner to do.
No Complaint From the Horse.
On the line of march from Varna to Bait
sink, I had to stop at a small Bulgarian vil
lage, where one of our divisions was to halt
for the night.' I found a French dragoon regi
ment there that had been on detachment there
for several weekB. Accosting tho Colonel, I
inquired what facilities thero wero for obtain
ing forage near the village, and he gave me
ample information on the subject with great
cordiality. Ho was a fine old soldier, of tho
rough and ready type, who had seen hot work,
as he called it, in Algeria. A decidedly alco
holic tint about his nose betrayed tho fact
that ho was a hro drinker as well as a fire
eater. I went on to ask him about the water.
"Tho water?" he repeated with a tone of un
feigned astonishment. "Well, yes, Colonel,"
replied I. "Is the water good? is it drinkable?"
"Faith," replied he, with a tone of contempt,
"I know nothing about it. My horse don't
complain.' The gallant mbreur- had never
tasted tho water himself, as it would appear.
The Garfield Legend.
The Garfield legend, suro to cluster and
grow around tho story of liis life, whether it
ends now or when ho is old in years and of
longer honors, will gather about him as his
mother's son. Their relations will be remem
tiered and told and made the foundation of
talo and story and picture when other events
are the dry dust of forgotten politics. The
son's kiss inauguration day, the heart broken
cry of the mother over "my baby," when
the strong man, high in place, was shot down,
the solitary letter which the weak fingers of
the President found strength to write in the
weary week ot illness these are the things
for which the man and the mother will be re
membered. Linked to an emotion and a
memory which comes home to the hearts and
the bosoms of men and women, the lasting
remembrance of President Garfield will rest
secure. l.eiivenu-orth (Kan.) Time.
How the Czar Travels.
The depareure of the Kmperor from Peter
hof was intended to he kept a profound secret,
but, as usual in such coses, it leaked out
through one channel or another that a move
was to be made, and the arrival hero of fJcu.
Kozloff, Police master at Moscow, g:rvc a clue
to the direction that would bo taken, upon tho
day fixed for the departure tho Oftciul M,.
4-n'jer, to the dismay of the authorities, an
nounced that the Emperor was about to start
for Moscow, an indiscretion of which the im
mediate penalty was a severe reprimand from
Count Ignatietf, wli forbade the unofficial
press of the capital to reproduce the announce
ment, or refer to it in anyway. IneUrst in
timation vouulmafed to St, Pctersbura that
the Emperor tail at luaily left the Minn a. i
contained In n official telegram pnblnhc-J on
Saturday, and recording his arrival in tho city
of tho Czars. Since then his movements have
been duly chronicled by tho official organ in a
series of telegrams, which the othor papers
were graciously allowed to reproduce in gigan
tic type 24 hours later, though without a word
of comment. Tho observance of all this
mystery can only be explained on the assump
tion that tho Czar is in imminent danger of
falling a victim to the machinations of the
Nihilists. As in the case of tho late Emeror's
last journey to tho South, tho line was guard
ed throughout its length by soldiery. At
every hundred paces bayonets glistened, aud
at intervals tents shono white and camp-fires
gleamed. Such places as offered more than
ordinary facilities to miscreants of the Hart
man typo were specially looked after, but, still
not satisfied as to the safety of the imperial
party, Gen. Ignatieff, who accompanied it,
resorted to various extraordinary measures to
baflle any possible attempt on tho part of the
A Washington correspondent relates the
following of ex-Senator McCrccry: Some days
before the adjournment of Congress, as the
story goes, good-natured and ponderous Sen
ator McCreery, of Kentucky, was waddling
down Pennsylvania avenuo when a dapper
young gentleman, one of the class which de
lights "society girls by exclaiming at inter
vals during a fashiouablo reception, "Have
you been very gay this season?" approached
him with tho question: "Ah, Senator, how
de do? I called on you this morning; did you
get my card?"
"Yes," said the Senator dryly; "I got the
card; but what did you mean by writing 'E.
P.' in tho corner of it?"
"Oh, that," said tho young gentleman, evi
dently delighted at being ablo togivo informa
tion, "that, you know, means 'en jiernoime'
in other words, 'left in person.'"
"Yes, yes," said the Senator, meditatively,
The next day Mr. McCreery again met tho
young man, and this time, going up to him',
said, "Ah, by the way, I called on you this
morning; did you get my card?"
"Yes, sir; yes," was tho reply; "I got it;
but, I say, Senator, what in tho world did you
mean by writing 'S. B. A, N." in tho corner
"What! didn't you understand that? I'm
surprised. What should I mean but 'sent by
A Horse Breeding Device.
Tho Rev. W. H. Murray has evidently found
employment that he likes in Texas horse
breeding. He writes enthusiastically that
Texas is just tho place for the business, and
that the todgh little nustangs arc the right
stock to take hold of for improvement. He
declares that they trace their origin back to
" a race of equine kings and queens," and
have only deteriorated under hard usage. "1
have seen these little 800-pound horses," he
says, "travel eighty miles with a 180 -pound
up, under a Southern sun, in a -ride across
country without roadways, from sun to sun,
and that to with little grain, perhaps nothing
but the grass they can get from tho prairies
at night. Many of them pace pace like the
wind paco so fast that they play with you
on tho prairie, though you liavo a blooded
mount that can run like a groy hound.
Others trot trot naturally with stifles well
out and and perfcot kneo action, and will do
nothing but trot, however hard pressed.
I have raced through tho prairio grasses and
llowcrs at tho rump of a nustang stallion
fifteen and a half hands high, and blood bay
in color, with a tad black as nijilit and that
would sweep the ground a foot, ami been un
able to break him from his trot or range up to
ins side, amiougii my mount was a three
quarter bred mare of 1,100 pounds weight,
took to the chase with her eves blazim.' "and
cars laid back in a way that plainly told her
ruler mat Biie icit a eood deal as lie did,
Mr. Murray advised a cross from a thorough
bred stallion, believing that it would increase
the size without losing toughness, and produce
the best saddle horses as well as trotters.
A Rural Wedding and What Followed. .
Wo had a contrast between town and rural
manners and dresa yesterday at a country
wedding. The brido was a rosy-cheeked
chambermaid at tho hotel, and we wero all
invited to the marriago at her father's farm
house, several miles away. Tho cerumony
was performed in tho usual maunner by a
clergyman late in the afternoon. A bounti
ful, if not pretentious supper followed, and
then came games old-fashioned kissing
games, liko Copenhagen, postollico ami or-
feits. 'he city girls held off awhile, but, see
ing that their coyness was not well received,
made martyrs ol themselves, anil generally
liked it. J think I observed a fact that is not
generally known in kissing, that, for the
most electrical results, one kisser should
be a blonde anil tho other a brunette,
representing the oposito poles of a bat
tery Certainly, tho kissing between persons
of the same complexion looked and sounded
mechanical and perfunctory, while those by
contrasted couples were fiery, spirited aud
harmoniously explosive. However, after
several hours of diversions, largely oscilla
tory, there went to lied a most thoroughly
kirsed bride. Her scarlet lips looked swollen
with the ordeal of long and earnest kissing,
for she hail been smacked over and over by
every man aud woman in tho party. Shu
had Ijorne the treatment with good humor,
and no married life was ever liegun vtfitli a
uiprrit-r frolic, But the crowniug exploit
was an obn-rvance of the old Vermont cus
tom of tucking up the happy couple in
lied. Jlali an hour alter they had letirrd
wo burlarijtil their bed-chamber, and
turned the fight of half a doen lamps on
them. U e haw a sight that proved woman s
tupenoi foititude. The bridegroom turned
red aud mute by turns, and was completely
flablK-rk'-ted, but tho bride, though her face
lay rosy tno-iith on tho snowy pillow, was
quite elf-posceil. She had diessed herself
in a daiutv new nit;ht.dres, with idumna
ocr tin- niiouMer and on the bishop sleeve,
and may have derived her courage from a pre
vious view of herself in the jjlasn. Ver) lovely
she- ru, and very prettily careful to keen
herself - o.erod just enough, but not so inurh
a to ln-i "ie Yoke of that charming night
guwu. I ' ceremony consisted of tuikiiig in
the ' - ' ei all around, ami -loelv aiel
noleiith it the new man and wife were .
well iijir-' t gether Then we left them I
J i ' I ermahl t rUrr
(Old "NATIONAL," Established 1S00.)
128 Front Street, bet. Washington and Alder,
A. I. ARMSTRONG..
J. A.WESCO,. . .
.Penman and Secretary.
Designed for the Business Education
of both sexes. Students Admitted
on any week day of the year.
NO EXAMINATION ON ENTERING.
ltATKS OF Tl ITIOX :
SCHOLARSHIP, Business Course,
TELIXIRAI'IIY, Ooimileto Course,
WRITING, per month
or nil kinds done In Hie mot AUTISTIC
MIN.XKK nt UKAMOXAIII.K KATF.S.
Send for estimate.
The College Journal,
Containing Information of Course, and
ClllorOKAMt;XTAL l'KXM ANHHII', free.
Address, A. P ARMSTRONG,
Lock Box 104, Portland, Or.
sH,l chcerfullv recommend the present management
of tho Portland Business College Mr. Armstrrnp,
whom I have known for many years, Is an axpcrtcnccd
Teacher and u Practical Business Man.
11. M. DbFRANCE,
au?5-Cni President old "National" College
The next session begins on
SEPTEMBER I, 1881,
Sixty Free Scholarships.
Drawing Tnllglil lij .11 1 is i:. .Vlcl'itddrll.
B. L. ARNOLD, President.
Tho Bishop Scott Grammar School,
A IIOAItniM; AMI HAY HCIIOOL I OK
hoys ami yoiim: mi:.v
"WT11'1' "EfllN ITS FOURTH YEAR UNDER Till:
TT present management M'fllller U, IKHI.
For catalogues, or am further information, attilress
tho Reetor, BISHOP MORRIS, or tho Head Mister, J.
W. HILL, M. 1)., Portland, Oregon. uugl2-:!in
st7h e Len'sk allT
The Christmas term ill open on
Tlmrsdny the llrst day of Sciiti'iiilier.
Applications for tho admission ot boarding pupl
should bo made early to Miss Mary B. Rodney or to
Bishop Morris, Portland, Oregon. nug!2-2m
Portland Mechanics' Fair
OCTOBER 13, 1881,
Anil Close October gain.
FRANK DEKUM, Esq., President.
W. II. HONF.YMAN.fc.iq., Vleo-Prcsldcnt.
W. M. LADD, Esq., Treasurer.
A. II. MORGAN, Esq., Secretary.
E. OLDENDORFF, Superintendent.
Gold, Silver, Bronze Medals
DIPLOMAS OF HONOR
Will bo awarded to meritorious exhibits, in accordanco
Itli the Rules, Regulations and Premium List of tho
Fair. Applications for space at tlio forthcoming Fair
should ho filed at an curly ilato with the undersigned,
vilio I1I cheerfully furnish all iniorniiuion concerning
tho Fair. By order
E. OI.DDMMIItl T, Klip'l.,
Cur. I'lrsl V Wnsliliiuliin Sis., I'm lliiml. Or.
MONEY JT0 LOAN !
I M PROVED FARMS
For term of jears, at III per cent interest.
NO EXTRA CHARGE.
Inquire or, nr Address,
MONEY TO LOAN,
SECURED BY REAL ESTATE AND MORTOAOBS U
Sums of $500 to 30,000
Alt M LANDS, OK PORTLAND CITY I'HOJ'ERT!
48 First St., PortlnrwI. Oregon.
Ilt. VI!IIV 4MII.K, V. S.
Writes Prescriptions for Dlseasesof all classes of stock.
rlco, tl for each prescription written, ttuto synip.
tomssniJ age of animals m near as possible.
Olltrr C. P. Bacon's lllackhawk Stables, 93 Reconu
St., Iwt. HUrk and Oak.
Urslilrnrr Oor. Thirteenth and Taylor Rtt.
Feed, Fann, Produco and Con
Importer of California Fruits, YigeUble, Hone)
Butter, Figs, JUisins, etc, and nsjuirU'" of (iraii
Hour, Woe), Feed, FrulU, Eggs, et.
ALFRED KINNEY,M. D.,
(Formerly lomUxJ at Cortland.)
SI IM.KON AM PHYSICIAN,
Oltlc at residence, 8. E. cor Liberty and Clieinc-
keta Hts., tone bloek north Opera House,
8AI.KM, - - OHKIiO.V.
E. O. SMITH,
omt'K: No. lCTFJrt JStrett, ! Mor.
ritrm nd Yuuljll, PortUrxJ.01-,01 , jn
II. l.Utl'KXTKK, .11. I.
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON.
T.t of Salem )
mhe up stair. . W f 'oier of III and M"rrlmi Mi.,
t ill pra- - e in J'orUud stiii surrounding xiuutr
G. C LA It It, J). J). S
Oregon Railway and Naviga
tion Company. v ,-
IlrlMrr-n Kan I'rAncliro and Portland.
Lcatc S.in Francisco Lome Portland
at 10 A. M. at 12 Midnight.
S A sA A
se ' -s ! e d
3 o p - o p H
55 & S ts ff 3.
wi5 o rS M3o S
Aug. 0 Aug. iiAug. 14 Aug. HijAug. 11 Aug. fl
Aug, 24 Aug. 19 Aug. 29 Aug, 31 Aug. 20 Aug. tX
Sept. 8 Sept. 3 Sept. 1.1 Sept. 15 Sept. 10 Sept. 5
Sept. 23 S'pt. IS Sept. 2d Sept. 30 Sept. 25 Sept. M
Oct. -8 Oct. 3 Oct. 13 Oc' IS Oct. 10 Oct. fi
Oct. 23Oct. 18 Oct. 28 Oct. 30Oet. 25 Per. 20
Right Is reserved to change steamers or sailing days.
Through Tie kctssoM to all principal cities intto
Uuited States and Canada.
RIVER AND RAIL DIVISIONS.
Pullman Talace Cars runelng between Dalles, Walla
Walla and Dayton.
Columbia, Willamette and Yamhill Urm.
FEBRUAllY 1, 1881.
tilla and up
Da ton ,
SaIciu, and In
To polnta on
Snake RU cr.
(icncrnl Ofllccs liir. Front anil I Street
Ats SUto of California.
A. L. MAXWELL,
Ticket agent O. R. & N. Co
Oe'ienl Freight k Pass'r agent.
C. 11. PHEKCOTT,
Oregonian Railway Company
COMMENCINfl FRIDAY, MAY B, 1881, and
until further notice, trains and lioato v,!f ran
lilt VM AMI I'.IHT HIIIK ItlTlSION.
7A A. M. MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS, and
tt FRIDAYS, from foot of Morrison street
Steamer CITY OF SALEM for Puyloll, and all pokita
between I'ort Innd mid Day Ion on llic Klvrr.
and connecting with trains nt May'fl Landing Car
HI. I'Hiil, Frfiirh I'mlrlr, Hllvrrlon. HakU
llllla. Writ Hlavloll. North Kuntlalll. Hcia.
and Intermediate liointft. Returning loaves TUES
DAYS, THURSDAYS, and SATURDAYS.
(Foot of Morrison street from 7 A.M. too P.M.)
Freight recoiled TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS and
SATUilDAY3,tor all tho abovo named and Intermediate
WKHT HIKE DIVISION.
8nl A. M. daily, Sundays excepted, via O. A C
W R. H.,(Wcst&ldu Division) foot of F strtst.
making closu conniption at West Hltlr CroHalnic for
llrldv.ll!, llroHdmead and Hherldnn Jnurtlan
tdTYoT points beyond Mherldau Junction Udi train
will run as follows:
On MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS and FRIDAYS,
to stations between Mhrrldnu Junction, Dallns,
On TUESDAYS. THURSDAYS and SATURDAYS,
to sUtions between Mlirrldau Junction and Sheri
dan. TllltOI'fill TICKKTM to abovo points on sals at
O. & U. R. It., West Side division ticket oflli-e.
J. M. FILLMORE,
JNO. R. WHEAT, (loncrid Superintendent.
Acting Freight and Ticket Agent.
USE HOSE PILLS.
WILD OATS AND SORREL
. . ,11V THE. ...
Best Cultivatorin the World.
The California Adjustable
Spring Tooth Harrow
lly tliu tK-ctiHiir form ot the teeth and their vlhrut
Inif iiiutloiKiritliOMnil ALL ItOOTH A.NI TKAKII mj
hroutfht to the HurUru, ami tho ground iu.erUl to
tho dentil of lx InchuN r imwiiriiN. They WOIIK
i;;l!AW-V WKf.l.nn Ml, Hit I,ANI anton JttxU und
I loots us on fruu .toil. Kueli tooth three feet rlfcht
Im-liM Joiiif of rilfsj TKMI'KKKI) KI'RINfl 8TKKI
sfaTHtiid for (Uwrljitlve rlrcuUmfund )rfet lUt,
MunufsU'tiired and noM only by . .
Batchelor, Van Gelder & Co.,
(Or, their Authorized AjftnU,)
HrrHUiulot 4'al. himI t'orllnml. Orrcoa.
OtlKOON AND CALIFORNIA RAILROAD COMI'Ali Y.
OFFER THEIR LANDS FOR SALE UI'O.V Till
folliiwhtu- liberal terms: One-fourth of tlie prl'-s
In conn. Interest on the ImUiico at tho rate of sevin
oent one ear after sale, and each following year one
Until of the prlnclhil and Interest on tho lulamo at tin
rata of seven !r cent lr annum. Doth lriuelil
Interest ulalilelii C. H. Currinoy.
A UHivjiiiiboi ten per cent win nu mioweu lor e.n.
Ixtters should lie addrusscd to
PALLhUIIULZt:, Land Altent,
)ei II. & C. It. It., I'urtUnd, Orei-nJ
rpAKEH I'LKASLIIi: IN OtTERINO ToTJIBWo )L
I growers of On-ifon and adjoining Tinhorns ihs
cliam-o to purchase Tliorouifhhred Merinos, ami asjtutisj
imrtles interested that they can, nd will imluitor U
Mil Mim-ii of the S4ln iUalltv anihalilatlnuchil.iaMl
ral th.ii .in It ,-kii im..lllv bu llilliortoil, KwUlliiaUo.
and eouiurlu with other sheep in the market r. cor.
iliallv Invited. Addrts..
The Ranis and IUm UinU of Uiutlmk ran l seiuon
lbs Island Kami, adliiiiw.f haliui Th I-mm
asmeptatr, or at the II 111 Farm Mir and a half lnil
south of the cltr
J ' - i I aJf
-.krL JVM BlvssFsssaW