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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View This Issue
Influence of Light on Milk and Cream. I
Mr. I. B. Arnold has pommnnlcated noma !
interesting observations to tho Live Sloek
Jounvil from which wo quote: Whilo 'some or
ganlstns of it peculiar naturo flourish better in
the dark than in the liabt. tho cen'orsl effect :
of light upon living organisms, both animal giving him two years' cxpcricnco in cxper!
and vegetable is to encourage growth and per- minting.
feet development. Milk is full of organic' How to gather tho spawn: Tako a largo dip
gortos, niid it is found that light hastens tho ' P" " B to the pond whero the frog casts Its
changes required for their development and spawn; you will find thorn in a glutinous mass;
multiplication. Direct sunlight very soon spoils dip thorn up and bo very careful not to break
milk or cream by prematura souring and do-. theglntinousmattorwhichblnds them together;
composition. The effect of Indirect or reiloctcd put them In a pall, or can, filled with water;
light has been but llttlo obsorvod. It novor- take thorn to jour hatchlng-box, which is made
thtles exerts an active influence not only upon aftor tho fashion of my shad hatchlng-box.
milk and cream but upon butter and cheeso , It Is a box two feet long and clghtoen Inches
while curing. The genoral effect of light upon
milk and creum is to liaslou tho action of tho
lactic yeast, and then tho formation of alcohol,
and aftor that to hurry up putrefaction, and
theso changos nro occasioned by tho influence
of reflected light tho sumo as direct sunlight,
only in a feebler digrcc.
Effect of Light on Color.
The first effect, however, of a small quantity
of reflected lght-a quantity that would Just ,
enable one with good ojo to read ordinary
print-Is to heighten the -color of cream during
an oxpoHUro of thlrty.slx to forty-e Ight hours.
V, bother tho Increase, of color would coutlnuo
for an iiidollnlte leugtu of time, I am uuable to
Kay, but probably not. ,,,., , ,
As soon hi itho quantity of light allowed to
fall upon milk it iliercasod beyond tho small
amonnt named, its influonce Is soon manifested
upon tho cream, causing it to booomo sour and
btule, lose color and flavor, and lf the. ight Is
Birong, us Murmco is soon covereii witu mow
.... ,.....,..Un, nUv....Un..,uu.u... in provided lor mat in all wutcrH; tuoy live on
amorohliadedposltoiiv.llibeall right. The what Is called sediment; It collects on overy
quantity of light whioh can bo safely admitted llllnR jviuu iu all ator that is not Btrongly im
iutoii milk room, even from a northern i expos- ,,reg7iated with somo mineral; If you put tho
lire, is ury hiiiuII, as a fuw examples will illus- R,irincnt under a strong magnifying glass yon
""'u' . , will see that It contains animal matter, urn for-
DOCO.ltpojInfl Infllljnco. I mntlnn between animal uud vegetable matter,
lu the Kpcedsvlllo Creamery, Tioga county, ' '"! i tho proper food for the young frog fry.
N.Y., a slreak of light una admitted from a Thoy will eat it off tho sticks, stones and
window having n northern exposure, but loca-
ted undirii porch ho that it.it fleet was diuiu
ished by its indireot course, and fell obliquely
across tuo u( ihu pools iu which tho cooleis
weru Btiimllug full of milk. Tho rest of tho
room wliero the other coolers stood was ho
Huudutl nn to appear quite, ilunky upon first en
tiriiiK It. Tho milk iu all the coolers was ken
Tho milk iu all the coolurs was kept
, . . . .... I it, . . I
at tlfty-oigbt t') sixty degrees alike, and stood
from forty Ight to sixty hours. The cream iu
all tho toolcrs landing in that ktreak of
light was observed to losu color an I grow stale,
auti at length Income coveted with pimples and
luulii. anil iinaiiy uicKy. mo pnnpies wun
which the top was blistered became watery,
giving indioatiuUH of vinous fomentation and
premature decay. Tho top of tho creum soon I
(.ix-Hiiie hour mul slioillv reached ihrouuh in
tho milk, while the cream and milk standing lu
tho morn shaded part of tho room was sweet t
and sound. Wliou tho wludow win shaded all
thu phenomena id ouco disappeared, but if the
Hhado was removed they reappeared. It was
chatigid several times, and always with tho
rlcHlulri.uk. u county, N. V,. a , B.milar expo-
rienwwas related by Mr. O. Ij. Donaldson,
manufacturer in tho South llatigor factory. .
ThMiiilk lu that, as in all tho other Franklin
rountv butter factories, is set in twelvo larne
Jewett .ans-ten feet long by four wide, and
Miytlt iiiehes deep; these are placed nil on each
hldeof tho room, with ono eud butting agalui.t
tho wall and tho other reaching toward tho
middle of tho room. U hllo there urn six pans
butting against aside of tho room, Ihero are
but three window h on a side, bo that one-half
the aus stand siiuarely agalust a window, and
tho other half against a wall. Tho nans staud-,
iug before tho windows, and especially tho ends ,
next to tho light, were noticed to havo the
cream on llieni paler than the rest, although
the milk wm tho saino and stood ut tho samu
temperature, and it sooner beoamo ntulo uud
sour. The ellect in the llangor factory was not
ho great as that iu tho hpeedvlllo factory, as
the milk only blood iu the pans thlrly-six to
forty-eight liiiurs. Had it stood as long it
would mi doubt havo been thu n.iUiu. The
quantity of light was gradually diminished till
it was found llmt the best ellect was produced
wiien nn iuu iuuuuii lunnuiu, wui "'
room weru uloitelv shadiHl, and littut only ad
mitted through three ten by twelvo panes iu
each window on the opposite aide.
rinding too much light Injurious, Mr. D
tried llin opposite citrtmu. Hu put it ncreeii
over noiuii ol Ihu pans, t.o that one end was ex
posed to it moderato light and the other entirely
dirk, Mid found the dark ends paler than the
inner, nui iiimmiM. aouiui, n luumr vxVv
rluuoehns uccumd iu other factories in the
nelghUithood, and lh practlro has there be-
iMiue g. neral of shading down the light lu
their iiiilk-moiua lu the Hame standard as above '
Indicated. ,,,,,,, , ,
'1 no much light Is doubtless often tho caiiBo
nt faulty butler; and even after ll is mauufao-
turrd. butter, like cream, will noon fido If ex-
posid to the light, even though it may bo cov.
red with brine.
Turgot tsmld not work well till after he had
dined ivpimtsly, but many men cannot think
V . '. , 1. . 1 1 .. 1, 1
after a .ub.Uut I.il uisalj and here, I sp to of
Ilu.eiau.pli.hel by Kott and tloelle. let is
observe that nothing ii terferej . w a ich with
brain work as ovor-iallng. lie Itilellectua
wiukman requires nourishment of tin. best
possible .niality, but the quautlly light Mw as
to be well within the capacity of hi dlgesie
Ijowers. 'Ihu truth -'Ptw to be, that w 1.1 o
the Intellectual life makes very Urge deiimmu
upon iiutrlthm for cerebral activity eancot go
forward without conalaul supplies of force,
which must como ulliiuatoly Irotu what wo,
have eaten thla kind of life Mug tdeular), is
unUvotablo tothoworkof digtatlou. Uraiu.
they nel nutrition a much as if they hud M
active Uvea. The ouly way out of this dilU.
cully is lo taku euro that tho food is good .
mough for a moderate- quantity of It to luaiu-
tain ilie physical aud mental powera. The uu-
twrtauoe of Hcieutlilo cookery can harelly Iw ex-
atgsratrd. Intellectual lalwr is, in its origin. ,
as deiwudent on the art of cookery a the dU-!
semination of Its results Is depeudeut upon
twprnuaklug ami printing. This Is one of
lhi.o manors which people cannot bo brought '
to consider seriously j bat cookery, iu iu per-
fecllou-tbe ureal science of preparlug food Iu
the way best suited to our uae-ls really tho
moat luiiwrUut of all sci uces, aud the mother
of the arts. The woudetful theory that the
moat Ignorant cookery is the most favorable to
health. Is ouly fit for tho dark ages. It is
atroaaly aud stupidly untrue. A acUuUtto cook
Will Heel) you IU regular iimuui, wueu au Hiuo-,
raut ono will offer vou the dally alternative of
will keep you iu regular health, when au iguo
utarvlng or lmllntiou. irmid 0 iuffA. I
Sctb Grocn's manifesto on
We havo many stagnant
the country that are useless
In tholr rresent state, and belle vine that there
"otblug made i in vain, I to not know of any
nilin ..no fnr thAm than In m.lrn I1.....I Ititn
frog ponds. I also beliovo it would make tho
man wealthy who could rnlso a million frogi
and Ret them to market. All I would claim Is
wide. Tho bottom is covered with twelvo wires
to tho inch, gas tnrrod, wiro sieving; anchor the
box in a gentle current, and they will hatch in
from soven to fifteen days, according to the
temperature of tho water; soon after thoy are
hatohed thoy should to turned looso In a pond
prepared with great care, as thoy have unmcr
ouh enemies, such as flih, snakes, birds, liz
ards, coons, and uauy other animal. The
prlngy with plenty of soft muok lu tho bottom,
ilerels whoru tho frog lies during winter. The
poud should have n tfght board fence, ho that
nnnm. could get lu, and so close to tho water
thnt 110 brd could stand on the insldoand pick
np tt10 poMwogs
If you do not lieeil all theso prccmtlons. and
WOre, too, your froRH will all disappear down
tho tbroati of some fish or bli J, or animal,
nmi 1( you Bt0 not m unusually close observer,
you will bo In great wouder wliero they have
, You wlfi havo no trouble in feeding the
pond should lie ni'ulo wntro tho ground is
ymln w)l6 they aro polllwogi: naturo baa
uouoni 01 me pouu, anci Keep mom as cican as
if thov had been washed. Au old poud is bet
ter than a now one, becauso it will havo mure
Tho above Is ai far at I have gone. I havo
loHt my polllwogs and know what became of
them. I bono otherswlll prollt by it Tho reit
of my experitneo is very limited.
ll'l..... It..... f.A..A.n.. Iva.ij tliA. ll.tA .1.1 nil
II (ll'lt IIIV ltVUUJU l,.- IUVJ ,U UU ...1
kinds of Insects, and tho only thing I know of
to make n hucovhs of it is to procure insects in
large quantities, enough to support a large
numtxT of frogs. One plan I had wan to put
some kind of meat, or anything that would call
lllcH, around tho edgn and on hoards, In the
Hind, l'ltf I would romii and cant their clvo
Mid tho frog would llvo on tho fly uud maggots.
I think thoy could be taught to eat meat,
chopped flno; they would certainly eat If they
once got it tasto of It; tho quostlou is, how to
Kt them to tasto it. I havo uiauy a time tied
""" Piece of meat on a flno thread, and
then atlaohed it to a long flsh rod. then move
It near a frog's nose and he would tako It very
quickly. Hut you could not nflnrd to teach a
million lu this way. Hut I think there could
bo something contrived thit would give it
,.ii),0 Rj.poarancv, and not be mado so
l,UiiglitiB M to fiighleu the frog before he
,,.,i0 H snap nt It. Ho takes his food with a
yw aro In homo coiinlrleu an article of
rn.i ,,,,,i ,. ,.r..i ii,..v i ,uu.i.. in
(.H country; they used to bo plenty, but they
ro v,,ry BCI,r(. I10W( ,IW to their being taken
.luring tho spawning sciuon, which is about
the ouly time they are taken, except by some
fow that take them out of tho muck lu the
8prings, whero thoy all gathered during the
How Figs aro Dried in Smyrna.
At a meeting of the l'ruit Growers' Ahso-
elation of tho (lulf States, Mr, Geo. A Fauticu
gavu a description of the mode of prepirlug
fl t Hln,.tlllll Turkey, which may bo the
h , ' ,' . " , .,
''"" "' ridlghtening many persous why they
have failed lu making iwucrchautablo article of
our iiutivu tig.
mr iii.m. describes tho soil In tho neighW-
hood of Snijrna as being of volrauio origin,
mo ciliuato mucu coiilor luati ours, anel nr-
rounded by hlnh mouutalus covered with snow
Uf the tig, tn ere urn llmo varieties generally
grown there; one a large purple ng, much like
tliOM'Hceti Inllui neightiorliood of New Orleans;
a large yellow ami a smaller kind which is not
much thought of, and Is never shtppeel.
Tlio trees average tuo six generally seen in
our gardens. Tim fruit is very dry and rather
tipi, and when Iresti, Is not ustil ny tlio ua-
q'lp crp ripens about tho 'JSth of August,
and they are hhoik from the trees and thrown
ou the ground lu the sun where they are ill-
lowed in reumiu a few bourn; they aro then
.,,,,,,5 1 hauipers and brought ou the backs
0 mules to the bar ur or market and thrown
MU, vvi la r 15 (t.,,t high. The fruit is
,-etl luto three eUt.es by women and ehil-
drcii, and packed without further preparation
into boxen or earloous.
by wludsallH and the hatches kept opeu. There
is alio a small whlto worm or maggot which
bores a holt-iu the bottom end .1 every fig,
these worms are In such abuudanco that they
, , V(li,, ,, (Jt ill(o ?
,, 0 lll(otuuu, ba often Been the
Uppers trying to clean the stem ol hU pipe
s,Mu0t ,ho Vl.rwill. '
Wu , f ,t , , lWtuatlolli lf
, , , , w u u u
cimHl,i,.e,l iu good order; if dlirk and of a
,h, , ,1,.ari'liei, lt it ln mHVM 0, heat and
,irtf ... " " '
'1k kkuin Siii. A writer In au hatteru
exchange givis the following as his method of
,K,Wtilu,, mole, which is lutereatlug as re-
l'erlups ivrn would Ih les likely to bo lost
than wheal, iu poisoning squirrels. The writer
referred to, says; Vul some shelled com lu a
vessel, with wuter enough to cover It, and
slrychulne iu proiwrtion to the amount of
eorn atwut a thimbleful to a quart of com
is suflWIeut. Mix well, aud let staud tweuty.
four hours; then put three or four gralus In a
place in the holes Whero there are trees or
stumps. It I best to put it arouud them, as
they work arouud them more thau elsewhere,
The tt time for alteudlug to this Is iu h.
ruary aud March. They commence operatloua
the first warm spells lu the spring, au4 II lUey
are not attended to before com Is planted, it is
too late. You cau generally flud the mile at
tha very spot where you put the com, or near
by, by trariug up the hole; very often they die
at the spot.
Tub report and prioo Ust of the Southern
Fine Block Company are received. I
, VyILLAMETTE FARMER,
Life in the Country,
"O fortunntl nlrnlnm, tus si bens norlnt Agrlcohil"
It is no unusual thing for city fashionables
to look down upon farmers as mere drudges,
wuuiu lurmuu uas piaceu su lar ueueueu lueui,
as if the latter and all which ooncernu them,
were below their notice. This is morally
wrong, philosophically false, and poetically
Ood made tho country, and man made the town,"
Savs Oowner. who more, ceriums, than anv
other of his countrymen, shows, in his over
.n.n.l.1.Jll. .I.-, 1... k...MAj lL..At.1.M
9 writings, that be possessed the seldom Ignd some charming spot "where gold and dlit
:1 qualities of moral instructor, philoso- moncU grow," or where they can make a "big
!asoner. and true iioet. united. .wiir nnri nut nn a "nile" In a few months;
ll-l.n, h. n11 .l.n ..lld.l.l ..!. ........... .I.u
life, compared with those which naturo freely whore, after several years of hard work, and
bestows on all whose uncorrupted tastes aro probably a few years of some privation, they
capable of enjoying theml If tho reader has ' may be established prosperously and comfort
but a tithe of the natural sontlment of Burns, Bt,y, bnt not in opulence, for tho rest of their
instead of desecrating the Lord's day in fori- jTe8 nud enjoy that country life which
UUBIJf U.1V1UH IU IUU I1H llUUSe, VT IU UlKlUg
some longer excursions for no other reason
but because ho thluks that he can
Witch ths world with lilt liorKtuanahlp"
Ho would sooner do as ho did, when
"Upon a Simmer Bundaj morn,
When Nature's face la fair,
lie walk'tl forth to view the corn,
An' anulf the caller alri
Tho rlBlng aun o'er Oalaton mnlrs
Wl' glorloue light waa iillntln,'
The harni were hlrplln' iloun the fnrt,
The laverocks they were chautln'."
But Sunday or Baturday, if oue wishes to
y, If oue wishes to
Im got up in good
onloy tne country," let b
"For who tho melrxllea of morn can tell.
Tho wild brook babbling down the mountain llde,
Tho lowing herd, tho abeepfold't simple bell,
The pipe of early ahephenl dim deecrled,
Tho hollow murmur vt the ocean tide,
The hum of lw. the linnot'a lay of love,
And tho full choir that wakea the universal grove.
Theso aro tho farmer's familiar acquain -
tances. and If the residents in towns havo bet-
may jndge for themselves, tho next timo they
go into ino country.
'Somttlmo walking, not unocen,
IJy hedgerow tlrua or hlllocke green,
night agalnat tho eaateru gate,
Where tho nun bcglna thla rtate,
Itobed In flames and amlxr light,
The clouds In thouaaud liveries bright,
Wlille the plonghinan, near at hand,
Vi'hlatlcs o't r tho furrowed land,
And i vary ahephenl tell hie tnlo,
t'udrr tho hawlhorno In the dale."
"No doubt, no
which are ouly to be not in towns: tho country
may bo good enough for poets to starvo iu, or
clodhopiierH to veuelate in: but wo know bet
ter. They do not, they only think they do,
and all their pretended knowledge) Is an shal
low us their tastes aro vicious. What Hchool-
.y that aspires to become an inmatoof tho
.Iverslty, lut can tell them of Horace's coun-
r farmer who "dspos inemptai apparet?"
try farmer who "dapos inempti
J'' r... " Is .S?f!?
race? It is wonderful If
tuuuiie. Tha olasales bavo little charms for
take ns suesteT a fo o-
jBlhe LUl?fciwJ lth'.n Iron
8rn7or ' P
them. Bo let them
f . ; . " "" - - w
noon's ramble amoutf
iu on some honest farmer.
"Win re Cnrjdon and Thyrle met,
Are at tin Ir aavory dinner set
Of herba, aud uthirruuiilryiuefHea,
Which thonrat.handrd I'hyllla dretacs.
And Ihev will lenrn. If thev nro not aware of
lt already, that lt is in tho country, aud in tho
.lntllif Artl nnv OAnAfiirttia
of free lunches," but one wants tho """ ."7 ,-
. ..t J w... i.gi.ww.... .., m,.l. In.,rtrrtllt Af
eniormauis 01 ino, ino eaioios anu , . i . n- i !..,.
, nun nn ino oilier croaiuro comioriH
.iii.i .1 .. . iiil.: ri'iiwuuti n uciuu
country only, that one can enjoy his dinner Tuo g0 nppCnrg t0 boa nilxturo of humus
Hatlsfactorlly. Does not bolomon tell us-ho Rnd disintegrated granlto. aud produces an ox
whom all tho world, since tho time ho lived, r'l'n. ....... ,i. 1 i'.i...t. i.
has runoguked as tho wisest of mtn-that
better s a dinner of herbs whero love is,
ll.au a stalleul ox and hatred therewith "
O for ttuato farmers, if yo only knew the
ii"" . ".U.,,:',:,i:lar.r . 0W,V,if:
your enjoyments bo as puro as your Hi
ought to bo happy.
from the X. F. r.icblc Jiunil Prtss.
'"""". "'. .---.--..-.- ". .-j
The Model Farm.
From the Tactile Itural Preta.) -As
Iho large rauches aro splitting up into
smaller and better cultivated farms, tho com
petition iu tlzo becomes exchanged for emula
tion lu thoroughness. Tho very Idea fit what
is 1 ailed a
mn.lel Inrm ' nrnlml.lv mi.r entoro.l
model farm, probauij never enterea
tho head of a Mexican ranchowuer. How many
miles could tie ridden over without pasting one's
owit boundaries, seems still to bu moru a mat
ter of pride with some, thau thole-ss impoaiug,
but more tllective, merits of order, thrift aud
comfort. The agricultural editor of the New
York 7'imn, has, wu think, hit tho mark in n
recent description of, and plea for model farm
ing, aud wo cau not do better thau to give place
lo his remarks on the premium system:
It is unfortunate that tho local, as well as tho
State, agricultural associations, almost alto
gelher ignore the cultivation of the soli in
their competition lor premiums, as me suo- peacu, aro i.itogetner too mucu lor tha bees,
cess of agriculture depends iu a much greater Moreover, they aro admirable connoisseurs,
degree upon the excellence of cultivation of never failing to select the best. Measrs S. and
the farms, thau upon the size or beauty of the W. tried making raisins, aud would have been
stock rutted upon them, It would seem to be fairly successful, had the bees givu thima
more conducive to the attainment of the ends chance, but the bees had the best of it.
for which these associations aro "unnoted to Auother of the small discouragements, my
have beeu instituted, that they hould attract friends, Messrs. S. aud W. had to contend
attoutiou to this especial feature by offering against, was the remuval of a splendid crop of
premiums for the bet plowed field, tho beat granite bouldrrs Dame Nature, before these
crops, and the best crops, aud the best cnltl- gentlemen jumped her claim, had maliciously
vated, best tuuunged, aud bet kept farm, as ordered that one of that geologically well-known
well aa for the best horse, cow, hog, or trio of firm of heavy teamsters, Messrs. GUcer, Ice
poultry, floe and Flood, to dump right iu tho bpot which
The description of tho prize farm Is oue of waa selected by my friends for the nursery.
Ihx moat valuable aud luterestiug parti of the This same Arm, by.th-by, canio on a rushing
reports of agricultural societies that couiu to us business in the cutting, grinding and polishing
from Europe; aud the plowing matches give hue; now, Dame Nature still employs them,
riso to as much companion aud produce as but In a much smaller way than formerly,
valuable reault If not more ho, upou the No doubt a foothill settler, without capital,
whole thau the strifes bet wee u stock-breeders has much to contend against bad roads, dis
as lo who shall prexluce tho choicest animal, tance from market, ttc but it i also certain
Our plowing is something of which few-farmers that perseveriug Industry will find a way to
will make a special source of pride, and the earu means of subsistence, uud eventually a
genentl management of the farm, barn-yard, comfortable home on a quarter-bectiou of laud
and atock-buildiuttt c.iunot be accepted as at that has not oue lauare var,l nf Ibv.1 mirf
all approaching perfection. In fact, our farm-
iug is susceptible of much Improvement as to
Its comillion 01 emcieuey, nemucaa, im vi-uuo-
my; aud as there is but little emulation auioug
shall have the fastest horse, the fatt.t hog, or
the beat cow or sheep, the consequence it that
the aulmals which take prizes at the fairs
sometimes come from farms which are notable
for ill-kept fences, poorly-plowed fields, light
crops, aud dilapidated turns, but which Vet
.... ...... ...t...i..lo I.vamIiI. n.,l..H.I .fltl.
Ulier n vuuin.uiuj w.w. - vwu., mtiu
those of their less euterprising uelgnoors,
There is nothing so "catching" as Improve
tueut; and whilo our agricultural associations
have doueau excellent work iu creatiug aud
fostering a taste for good stock:, ana are yearly
cauaiug avast improvement iu the value of this
Oiaaa 01 agncununei irvuui-uuua. jci luose la a
wide field for Improvement tu our methods of
cultivation, our modes of feediug or ways of
raislug crops, our styles 01 ouudings, our man
uer of dividing fields, feucing, and iu the gene
v. -...- ------ 'Trr , V V
ral mauameut of the farm, which might be
occupied very auvantaijtouiiy.
Homes in the Foothills.
rr, (So 1'nclflc Rural Prctt 1
Editors Pbws: "Homes In the foothllh"
' appears to be a prominent subject In the Buiut
I pju,8g just now. Having only returned this
afternoon from a home In the coast range, I
propose to glvo a slight account of what I saw
and heard during my visit.
First, however, let us begin nt the root of
things, and ask ourselves what we understand
by tho word "homo." Do those who ate seek-
l' . Ilt.nn.no In thA foothills" CXDfCt tO
inB ror "homes
I ". . .
' .. , I.' i-- . n.n.A.-1.Mfni
In moderato cold and beat,
To walk In the air, now pieaaani aim iu,
in every new vi uiii, .....
The falnat o( flower adorning the bawcra,
And every meadow's brow I
So that 1 aay.no courtier may
Otnparo with th'in who clotbo In gray,
And follow the uwf ul plow."
Quarter-section "hard licks." and pleasant
every day country life aro my idea of "homes
in the foothills' Ycsterdny morning, after
i.nvim, driven n few miles bv moonlight, I
,ounJBwy8Bif flt the crossing of tho Carmel
J Omyoslto Mr, Sargent's ranch, tho I'o-
'trero; and nlno miles' drlvo over a rongh
mountain, roael anutnrougu two joveiy reuwoou
caflons, brought mo 1o as picturesque a spot
as oue neod tleslro to p.iss life in. l'lcturcsque
and lovely, no doubtl Most Callfornians know
that red wood caflons are so. It's an axiom in
. 1I....M A.n. rnet tint, 1a Tti VHnnA
1 "., iP' ,' . nv- -.,. Bnt IotMv
a , t ,ovel Iftnd nbd not half an acre
ofleve5! land does tho farm of Messrs. S. and
W. contain. Seven years ago, tnroo men
"squatted" on some rough government land in
thlsplcturesquo, but broken, land; they had two
rifles, two old "plugs" and saddles, nud cash or
necessaries, to tho value of 8C0. Now, any ono
who expect to bear of a big strike, or anything
more tbau a good homo made, need not read
farther. In addition to the abovo possessions.
1 they had self-rellauco, and understood how to
use their hands. Persons not similarly "fixed,"
need not look for "homes In tho foothills."
tho uuiinoBS nud somo
. they took up bee-keen-
handv. thero was no lack
of material lor hives or for houso building.
Wild been nud uco-trecB were abundant
abundant at llrst that tho three could earn
?5 each per diem getting out honey and wax.
Now, bee-trees aro scarco; but 201) stands on
tho ranch mako them less necessary. Iu early
;i'W-,llBnJ ?''WA,T " ?' f""
'""' 00 .K0 )&& nC,om, th,f,
, the aider, willow and other tlmber-troes,
.. '. . .. l. - .i"i i t" i
X' h7,Xr0ak. tS lalt m"ke7oe"
"uppue.i uj '""'" "Vrl.Vt ,.'
I n htt IvtSSvirt
lt honey, white i and UUCflavoMd. In a good
,.....,. ....1. iilnaii.l uliiAtil.f tln1il lit I
80'"J "M1 "houM yicU 15 ,0 20 r"
of bouey and three-quarter pounds of wax.
Messrs. W. .t S. havo sold honey as high ns
27 V. ccnN. aud as low an six cents per pound.
Oue season they sold threo tons; but for the
last two years tho yield has beeu poor, prob
ably from tho drought.
homo four years ago, 'hey started a small
nursery for homo suppl.,aud now hare four
j,lliekblIrn uutaeryman form the rich valley
0, tho rnj;ro dceae,i he had never seen such
,u chcrry-treo. set out threo years
, J, 0'ver 18 ,cet hleh-uot a slim
, but a handsome, w-U-pronoHloned tree.
. .ouitortnbo Louse, all muile 01 snllt tlm.
ber except tho floors, three or four rooms hard
flulshed (two with hearths aud chimneys), a
wnlbroofcd barn and substantial fences, all
testify to tho Industry and perseverance of tho
owners, now two iu number, the third having
Only ten acres of land aro cleared and on.ti
vated, bat a few head of good American cattlo
ruu on a partially enclosed "outside range."
So far, progress Is reported; bnt discourage
ments have been by no menus kcarce. For ex
ample, sometimes a grizzly would come In the
night to Bee his neighbors, and the debris of
"irco or lour ueo-uivcs, or a iieuu cow, woum
... . , ffl ., ..-.-.I-.,,, ,.
help himself to tho best without invitation. Ou
such occasions tho doctrine of imlllii timllibwi
rumnfur was exemplified. To cure the boef or
honcy-lovlug propensities of the visitor, a
farther supply of tho like delicacy was provided
with tho addition of a liitte allopathy, in the
Bhapo of strychnine. Bruin thought the homui
pathio treatment splendid, but was so digusted
with thu allopathio that his dead body was all
that was visible of him afterward.
The combination of bees and fruit Is not
found to work well. The attractions of a Quo
buuch of ripo grapes, or a ruddy, luscious
Carmel valley, March I5tb, 1874.
A net which is uot always, considered by
farmers in estimating tho profitableness of
their calling is the comparative immunity from
failure. It has beeu atiteel that ninety-five
per cent, of merchants fail at aome period in
their business, and, certainly, if oue calls to
mind the personal experieuoe of friend and
acoualntancMi tha .mi,,iUn .to.,., .,m m
. . J . .... ' . . . ...
o iar out 01 the way.
farmer fails eulirely.
It it seldom that a
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BY OTHER AUTHORS.
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