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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1872)
1 . T
The Arctic Kt'gioni.
"A Winter's Adventure at the
North Polo" wns the title of the lec
ture delivered by Dr. Isaac I. Hayes
In the MichlgnH-avenuo linptUt
Church, Chicago. Ho looked iw If lie
had seen forty Summers nnd an Arc
tic Winter thrown In, is a brunette,
of medium height, of vigorous and
hardy framo, speaks well, and deliv
ers an entertaining and Instructive
He remarked that there was a mis
take In the title of his lecture, as ho
was notat the North Pokymd had he
been and .spent a fix months' night
there, ho would have " made a night
of It" Indeed. Ho had reached with
in 420 miles of the Pole, however
nearer than any other human being,
unless Captain Hull, who was now
hemmed in the ice, spending his
second winter there had already
waved the Stars and Stripes right
over the Pole. He hoped Hall had
succeeded, and would return next
year'to tell them all about It. The
various efforts to find a northwestern
passage wore explained. McCllntoi-k
was tho first to go through, having
entered by Behrlng's strait and
camo out by way of Baflln' bay, but
without hi? ship, which had to be
abaudoned. ThU was in 13Cs, when
ho recovered some relics of Sir John
Franklin. The expectation of find
ing a commercial pas-age wax aband
oned nftor Franklin. Kane was sent
out to seek Franklin, but did not find
him. The lecturer wa with Kane.
Ho went again in lSUi), in a .-choonor
of 100 tons. Thoy sailed directly for
tho Greenland const. Tho first sight
of Greenland was chilly. The mount
ains wero covered with snow, but
beneath tho cliirs wero patches of
verdure which gavo tho name to the
country, nnd were weloome to the
traveler's eye. Tho Inhabitants of
Greenland sailed to the American
const nnd proceeded fas far south as
Boston between 1001 and 1000. Green
land was a vast reservoir of Ice.
Tho interior of the country was a
field of ico 1,200 miles long and 700
wide. From thls.lleld great rivers
flowed. There wero great glaciers.
Chunks of Ico slid off and started on
southern voyages to the Atlantic ami
Pacific oceans. Theso were Icebergs.
Ho saw ono threo miles In circum
ference and 315 feet nbovo wator, and
as Ico was soven times as deop below
ns abovo tho surface, its total height
was 2,520 feet. It weighed 27,000,
000,000 of tons, enough to supply tho
cooling Ingredient of sherry cobblers
for tho entire United States for a
century, nnd if It could bo sold In
Now York It would more than pay
tho national debt. In splto of the
Ico Greenland was Inhabited. Thcro
were colonies, and Christian church
es, and in many cases the Greenland
Christians performed their duties
well. Ills expedition pushed up
Baffin's bay, and got along very
nicely until they met tho Ico flowing
southward from tho pole. Still thoy
worked northward until a flerco galo
drovo them buck, nnd crowded them
against tlic land. Thoy lay under
tho leo of a 200-foot lcobcrg out of
the wy of tho storm. Tho wind
changed and tho pool of water in
which they floated was encroachod
upon by tho Ico,' and 'tho vessel wal
lifted with the power of 10,000 Jack
screws, high and dry on the top of an
iceberg'.''5 At that tlmo tho brave sail
ors wero'bettfijg with each 'other as
to whethor tho vessel would go up
higher or down entirely. Finally
tho ico 'gavo way, and they wero
launched onco more in their natural
element., It wo days after they got to
laud and tho vessel was put Into
winter quarters. The shades of win
ter were falling fast. Thoy built a
house over tho vessel, and with two
stoves went to work to keep them
selves .warm for tnaiwlnter.nc
In-this hapylHy thoy had n
morning sun every twenty-four hours
though some of them did not know
it In the Afctio Clrok'thero was
Oflypup sunrise In the- year, but-it
w a long sunrise. In the same way
tiie approach of the darkness took
three week-, to come on, nnd for
three months after they saw no sun
light at all. The moon circled around
them for half the month never set
ting. They alo had the stars ex
plained and the aurora borcnlls. Tho
latter was an unexplained phenom
ena. Anyway, It wu. of great muc
in licence. The Arctic night was des
olate. Thev wore l.nnrt tnllna mmv
from tho nearest out-post of clvlliza
i u?." ThN !,ml t0 Uvo m lhelr wn
mm; (irm, out nueeu men utu not
make much of a world. The night
affected their complexion, and when
daylight camo back they looked liko
spermaceti candles. They spent tho
winter reading books, teaching
schoohand printing theH V?W.i A'etr
and lecturing; they had a tiddler,
but the tiddler fiddled out all his
tunes, and they had to threaten .to
break his fiddle over his head If ho
did not .itop fiddling. They had a
famous suorcr on hoard. TTI s,nnm
'bounded weird in the silence nnd
lonelinc.v. of the Arctic regions. Tho
fiddler played thesnoreon his fiddle,
and the snore was chronicled in the
paper. Tho snoror got mad, nnd the
Aftc crowing ncraounl. had to bo sun-
' pressed tho first assault on tho lib-
lertyof the press within the Arctic
Circle. Ho often took rambles over
the Ice by himself. It was very ione-
I some. There was no sound, save tho
rise nnd fall of the ice as it moved
' up and down lazily with tho current.
The beating of his heart broke
the stillness of tho Arctic night.
i The Ptlllnox wa fearful and oppres
sive. I The sun was welcomed back after
l;J." days' absence. They gavo him
three tinios thrco cheers nnd then
cheered him all day. The first day
j ffai ten minutes long. The days
; grew by decrees, and when the sum
mer came tho sun shone nil the time.
They set out in April with a liout to
I go north over tho ice In search of an
outlet for the vessel. After thirty
days, during which thoy made but
sixty miles, they gavo It up and start
ed out with two sledges drawn by
dogs. They had bought tho dogs
from a native found upon an island.
Ho was an odd specimen of the hu
man race. Ills upper garments wero
fashioned out of fox skius, nnd his
pantaloons out of bearskins, llkowlso
Ins boots. His skin was covered
wtlh forty years' accumulation of
grease and dirt. His faco was as
round and flat as the bottom of a tub.
It was n decidedly Chlncso cast of
countcnacc, with very llttlo nose.
Tho follow had threo wives, seven
children, and twenty dogs. Tho
children wero lively and gay, tho
girls had dolls, and tho boys sleds,
and wero cutting up shines liko chil
dren the world over. Thoy lived in
a hut, how he could not Imagine.
Ho tried to wean that man nway
from having so many wives, but ho
could not seo it. Ho wanted another,
nnd so did ids wives, so that they
would not have so much to do. His
notion of heaven wns an island with
grass, eternal sunshine, and pots in
which wero boiling walrus, seals,
reindeer, nnd othor Esquimaux dain
ties. Each man got npot himself,
and hud something wholcsomo to
ent forever and ovor. When tho
missionaries first went to Grconland,
they drow vivid pictures of hell, but,
it being warm, tho natives rather
liked it than otherwise.
Thoy experienced sonio qulto cold
weather 09 below zoro on their
Journoy north In tho sleds. Thoy
reaencu tno open sen at lainuao oj.
Ho gavo tho name of Capo Union to
tho most northerly point of Grlnncll
land. Tho Polar sea was open, and
ho believed thero wero constant cur
rents flowing throngh it. The water
around tho Polo would not freeze, as
the wind constantly kopt tho wives
In motion. Could they hnvo trans
ported their boats to tho Icy banks of
that opon sea thoy would have been
able to navigate it. Hut they had to
retreat to tho vessel after a sled rldo
of 1,300 miles, tho longest on record,
Tho vessel wns ten months locked
up in tho, Ice, and so badly shattered
that thoy had to return, and glad
onough wero thoy to feel tho influ
ouco of .tho sun nnd warm weather.
Thoy. Intended to return tho uoxt
year and oxploro tho Polar basin,
but the war prevented; , 'Captain
Hall was now there, and thoy should
all wish him success. Grlnnell laud
was part of the United States, and
the North Polo should bo under tho
Stan nnd Sjrlpes, too. 'It
In 1770 appeared the army worms In
New England. So numerous were tho
invaders that ditches dug around flolds
twoeet wideund as many deop were
filled in nvHihg1e"iilght. The destruc
tlou.to vegetation wa fearful. -t .
Some ship-builders say the failure
of iron In ships will cause a revival
in trade In wooden ships, and assort
that Iron vemew are always reauy 10
sink when the head of tho Iron rivets
Tbc Horse Dlsc-uc Rulrs Tor Treat
ment adopted b) the IT. S. Express
The horso distemper has reached
Leavenworth, and it is not improba
ble that cases or it will occur here.
We therefore print tho following cir
cular from the U. S. Express Compa
ny, who employ In their business a
largo number of horsed' It may bo
valuable for preservation for tho
recipes therein contained :
ni'pin- m TT Si Vvmuuj n,.
v .. ... w. w A..4 JrK? .w.,
JJMIMIIU. VSVU mVf lOlw
To Atrcnts of U. S. Kxnrcss Co. !
ino norse uisiempcr originating
in Canada is now prevalent in this
country, nnd it seems more than
likely that it will reach you and at
tack tho Company's horses in your
chnrge, nnd ns tne horses in the
jiunaio statue liavo been mi far cur
ried throuch without a lns. I send
you the following treatment pursued
by our Mr. Gould, and If you huvo
none better, adopt these rules. Tho
disease seems to ben catarrhal fever,
first In tho head, nnd if not averted,
goes to the lungs, ending in lung fe
ver, wnicn very onon proves ratal;
it commences with a short haeklnc
cough, nnd within twenty-four hours
II . .T A
uio noso uiscuargcs, nrsi watery, (
men nucleus, iignt color at urst,
then darkens, no smell.
Mr. Gould's course Is ns follows
Wlion tlin svmntnma urn tlraf unMnnil
commenco feeding warm mashes, of
nran ami cut nay, give water unor
tho feed, not before; keep the horse
well and warmly blanketed.
Do not uso tho horse unless com
pelled to do so, nnd then ho must not
bo driven faster tlinn a walk: mit on
n blanket whenever ho is standing
sun. ii tno uorso reiuscs to eat tno
mash, then give him oat-meal gruel;
frlvo a quart or two at a tlmo pour
t down or give from a bottle. Tho '
horso will hnvo a sore throat; exam-i
Inc, nnd, when seen, apply tho fol
lowing mixture, rubbing thoroughly
from tho jaws to the chest, twice a '
day : Take and mix four ounces of
tincturo oi arnica, lour ounces oi
chloroform, four ounces ammonia,
and four ounces sweot oil; in addi
tion to tho outward remedy, you will
buy a piece or quurtcr-incn rubber
put in ono end about a tnblespoonful
oi iinciy pulverized mum, insert mo
tube in tno moutii to ami itoyomi
tho roots of tho tongue, mid then
blow tho Dowder In tho throat. Uso
this when tho throat becomes soro or
much Irritated. Use this with dis
Buy an eiclit-otincc rubber-ball
syringe, nnd inject up each nostril
tno louuwmg mixture, tour tunes in
twenty-four hours, and continue un
til you nro well satisfied that tho
mixture has gono well up tho nos
trils. Mixture ono pound of chlo
ride of potash to threo gallons of soft
waicr; mix inorougmy.
Should tho horso bo taken with
chills, it is n suro evidence of lung
fever, and lmmcdiato caro Is requir
ed. You will then glvo thirty drops
of tho following every hour, until
tho horso is relieved: Ono ounce of
nconlto and thrco ounces of wator;
mix and use. Ho must bo kept from
rain or cold winds. Keen tho stnblo
clean; uso n llttlo chlorido of llmo
about tho floors. Watch your horses
day and night; good enro and warm
do ns much as merti-
MAiiYiiAND Way or Cumxo
IIamh. Charles Jcssoji furnishes tho
Maryland Agricultural .Society tho
following receipt: 2 lls. saltpetre,
dried and finely powdered, I biibhcl
lcst Liverpool salt, 3 lts. brown sugar,
mid I gallon molasses. Mix all In a
vowel, rub tho meat well with tho
samo, and pack with skin down. j
The nhovo is tho exact amount fori
inn It.n tT nirL- A ffnr linlnrp In unlJ I
thrco or four weekstako out, wash
clean tho pieces, dry, nnd hang it up
for smoking. Three weeks Is sufU
clcnt io smoko them thoroughly by
flro mado of hickory wood. When
smoked, take down and bag, or pack
nway In dry ehafT or cut straw. Ex
iimino them occasionally, and if
found to bo nt all damp renew tho '
packing with dry material.
DiscovKHifcH at Titov. The latest
excavations at Troy have led to the
discovery of a burnt houtt, at tho
depth of forty-oyen fet, which con
tained the complete skeleton of a Tro
jan woinau with her" gold ornamenU.
Tho bones of a child were also found
in tho original joll. Of tho highest
Importance nro "tho terra cottas with
prehistoric yoibols. No museum In
tho wholoworlJ, except that of Parma
wajob has' two, posieBse terro cot tax
of tills kind. Kow ttiousauds of them
have been encountered atjoiice.
STATU STMKKT, SALKJI,
Bacon, Lard, Butter, Cheese, Eour, Grain, Feed,
AND DOMESTIC PRODUCE OF ALL KINDS.
Faints, Oils and Window Glass, Amerioan and English
Coach Varnishes, English and Amerioan Furniture Tar
nishes, Gum Shellac, and Japan Varnishes, White
Damar and Asphaltum Varnishes.
LAUD OIL, NKATS FOOT OIL.
nouKtsit oil, roi.An oil.
TITTY COLOItS' LAMPBLACK,
GRAINING TOOLS, Ar Ac.
Lime and Plaster, Hair, Nails, and Shingles.
Wholesale and Retail. Cash paid for all Kinds of Merchantable Produce,
3yZ7t JOUlSr KTTGKESEJS.
CILL, STEEL & CO.,
k nCNKHAI, ASSOItTMKNT OK TUK I1KST
i. St.Muhnl Publication.
Siicli A GIil)C, Mapa, I linrt, Crayon, (.all IMK
A piniril itMnrtmrnt. anil cvrrilhlne imlill.lic'il
111 the I'nllcil State or Kutopc lmorttiI to order
on ,1,ort no,lco'
We luilu rii'cUt attrntlou tu our nloc!; of
Mason &, Hamlin Organs,
T1IK UKST IN TIIK WOULD!
MAIUCIIALL A MlTTAL'KIt.
1'f.VTKS, VIOLINS, AC'COIIDKONs, AC, AC.
A rmni)lfto AMortment t.f MfSlC INHTIU'C
TION 1)60KS. Alt3.
ui:o. it, joNr..
I. M, PATTnOV.
Jones & Patterson,
Real Estate, Insurance,
COMMEItCIAI. I10TKL llUILDINO,
CJI'KCIAL ATTENTION OIVKN TO TIIK
K7 or Ileal Eilalu in an trt oi Drt-L-mi.
A Urgo oiountof ty ilrilrabla I'ITT I'ltOl.
KKTV, coniUlluij of Unelllni; llauict, Loir, IU1I
lllockt and lllocki-, htori'i". Ac.
Improved KAItMS nil Vtluahle UncultUnted
l'ralrlo (nil Timber Und, tltuMcd In the Lit Io
callllvi In the State.
Ilentlnt- anil Lra.lni; of all kind of property.
Collection of Claim, Ac, Ac., will recche jroniit
Tho Mutual Life Insurance Co,
Oi N-v A'orlc,
The Union Fire Insurance Oo.
Oi ftmi FrmiulHoo.
fW Yox coinpK'tu dooerlptlont of property ap
plyat tlielr offlco,
nr L'orrrtpondeuU promptly aaawertd, and all
Information glten free r rluirse,
Addrem, JONKH A l'ATTKRSON, '
Oct-r. Vox 110, Salem, Orison.
Best Family Flour,
Baker's Extra, XXX,
Superfine, and Graham,
Middlings, Bran, Shorts,
CONhTANTLY ON HAND,
Highest Price In Cash
. y . PAID FOR
WMAT, AT AXX
halem, Sept. lltf
A Jtat 9. r.W.'Co.
ClinfA Nl'T OIL.
HAW AND IIOILKD OIL.
H. D. BOON,
Hallett nnd Oumnton's Plauo j
Tliei liKliiinienU arc VAVOIIITKi wlt!i a!l
miilcl.in, nnd till Morel ta the reiyit Df all U
wl'li to luy Oo(h1 cheap.
II. D. BOON,
HUlu fired, Hlkm.
L. 8. 8COTT,
Htniv utrei-l, ntat door tu U, Y. iirmy,
,...lrAt k.ii in... .
Groceries and Provisions,
Tobacco and Cigars,
Foroign and Domostic Fruits,
Glassware & Stoneware
Halcm, July 90, M).
. XT. VAIUKft ft OO
OSWKOO, . '. . OltKUO.N
Q.IIOWKIIS OK Till: CIIOlCUiT VAIIIKTIEM
Fruit Trees &. Shrubbery
Particular attinllon irlirtt to CIliiitllY AND
Ikiraoni Intriidlni; In niirrhaie Treta dorlnff Un
tekVin of lbll-3, ahouldiall aiidnauilnoour tlocK
Largest and Best in the State
XV hmd for C'alalofiii, dUtillmti'd gratia.
James F- Brown.
Agent for Willamette Farmer
IN kUOBNR CITV
-noOKHKLLKIIAND PKALKIt IN MAOA.
JL aim', l't'rlodlcalf, Nvmpopeni, Uouka aa4
Hiitucrlptlont takan far tho WlLLAMETTlt
PARMKIt.and all Kaiteru I'ublluHoua, at rut,
.WUlaractle itreet, tecoud door tu Ilia HI. ClurV
Ilotl, Knuena City, Orruon. ApK).
TJKAL KHTATK AOKNT AND NOTAIIV PUli-
M.m lie. i,cMa, MoticUf'. ami rowcra "I AttO'
nor drawn. AcknunleUK'niiiita taken.
r iwrn lirorv, uri'vou, au. o, 10,1
Xanias Central Land
HauxA. , Mil. JOHN W. UlUlKH, l'roi.'r.
Ileal Kalato Iloiliieitt agent r trmKanaaa Va
cue luimajLo. a tain, irta paviiatuir ortM Km.
uf lnlnt Ailtocatt, a iaxTi HMB of S0,t
latlwil only 7SwUpxinaom. a i
riria or ao.wo cim
MaiLoarr. ' I i I ,
A 'rroidiKTs' at' law, balbv; oiuwojr.
IX. OBlea oferOray'a atore, eoruer ( Hut alt