Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View This Issue
CAISES OF DKW.
If ilow.i7, it would . fall for the
iuno reason tliat rain falls; but dew
does not fall It is simply a deposit
of moisture, always contained in (bo
air to a greater or lesser degree, and
which,' when thcro is enough of it,
will always form on nny cold body
exposed to tlio moist rtir, in precisely
tho samo way tiiat a cold bottle or
-tone, taken from a cold cellar and
-uddeniy exposed, in the shade, to
tho moist, warm Summer air, will
become wet; this is not sweating,
ler docs this moisture como out of
tho bottle or htono, as many people
believe, but from tho air. It is for
tho feiuno rcaon that niohturo will
i'onden&o.ngalnst tho window-panes
whon tho air Is cold outside, and
moist inside, tho moisture slowly
freezing, while Its deposits form crys
tals of ice, which wo so often admire
in winter. When ho wenlher is
cool enough, the nioisturo deposited
wlllovon freeze on plants and gras,
and theff wo call it hoar frost; if it
does not freeze, it Is simply dew.
The only point left to be explained
is, why does tho ground become o
pool during tho night, so much cooler
than tho air above It, ns to cnuto the
latter to deposit its moisture'.' This
for many years a vexed problem, till
Wells first suggested the radiation
of obscure heat, which takes place
from tho surfacoof tho earth thtnugh
the clear atmosphere into the paco
Above, and so caues the surface to
become- much cooler than the air it
iclf. He demonstrated this bv means
of thermometers placed at ulH'cront
bights, nnd nlso by the fact that dew
is only deposited on cloudless nights.
When there aro clouds, they relloct
tho heat, or proven t it from escaping.
Tho surface of tho earth thus being
kept from cooling, no dew is deposi
ted Manufacturer and liuildcr.
Tin: Indian Dirrni'i.TY. Tho
Jacksonville Sentinel has an account
of the difficulties with the Modoc
Indians, which contains somo partic
ulars not heretofore published. We
lIcnn tho following: The li.mil of
Indians of tho Modoc tribe', having
their headquarters on Tide Lake,
have- for two years past refused to go
upon tho reservation, and Imvo-hccn
all this time a terror nnd u source of
constant annoyanco to tho settlers in
that vicinity. During tho last sum
raor, qulto a largo settlement of
whites spraug up along tho shores of
tho Lake, and the hostility of the
Indians became so npparent that the
settlers petitioned Superintendent
Odoncal to removo them to the res
ervation. Ho referred tho matter to
tho Commissioner, who ordered their
removal. Tho order of tho Commis
sioner was pcronmlory, and Mr. Ode
neal had no alternative but to en-
forco It; nnd whon tho Indian Chiefs
refused to hear tho Superintendent,
ho placed tho order of tho hands f
tho commanding officer nt Fort
Klamnth. nnd the attempt to enforce
it produced tho difficulties which
havo cost qulto a number of lives.
, i :: . ..
Shooting Staks. M. Silborinnn
advances tho following curious hypothesis-concerning
bodies: Tho celestial spaces aro trav
ersed In every direction by an im
menso number of comets, which aro
divided by astronomers into two
groups, viz., thoso which movo in
the samo courso as tho planets direct.
and thoso equally numerous that
movo In tho opposite direction retro
grade. Admitting tho results of ob
servations of. tho direction of tho
shooting stars, and tho'resultsYif tho
works of many eminent ustronomors,
wo aro looVto believe, J st, tliut thcro
aro streams or currents of shooting
stars which produce movement in
celestial bodies; tho streams corres
pond to nnd dependent upon comets
of tho first or diroct order; 2d,
streams of shooting stars corresponding-to.
comets of tho second order,
and having for-their function the
moderatrotTbf this movement und
transformation of tho forco of rota
tion and propulsion Into heat- Scrib
Cashmere goats. Tho hair or
fleeco from tho Cashmere goat, bred
on tho Pacific siopo, has got to bo a
considerable feature among tho com
mercial products of tho country.
Shipments of this articlo aro now
regularly made from California to
onr'Eastern ports. In a recent shlp-montlo-Moteta.
adelphia, several huudwl. pounds of
Ikis fleeco, after jbeloK .sorted out,
was valued as follows: For fine. $2 20;
low fine, $110; fine kompty, 80 cts.;
low kenty,.,W..t'Uj tort from
JttMtiwiffter trade, ) ct;.;bwNeh
lMM eta. TbeAeeees ptd:wfe
mm throe-quarter grade up to roll
Wati:h Fiikkzinu Bki.ow 02
Fail It is generally admitted that
i water congeals ut 0 Centigrade or
1 32 Fahrenheit, and that it Is only In
perfectly tranquil places that it can
i be kept liquid even at a certain num
ber of degrees below tho freezing
point, Ics Jfoodc mentions In this
connection a curious fact, which it
considers duo to a supcrsaturation,
so to speak, of the water. If in
i water, ut a tempcraturo of ii C.
(about 27 Fah.), which may oven bo
slightly agitated without congealing,
tho leat particle of hoar frost or ice
bo introduced, crystals of ice instant
ly form nnd expand through tho
mass, producing remarkable and'
beautiful effects. The eyo can watch
the formation of tho needles of ice,
see them group. together and obey
those mysterious nttinities which pro
duce tho.exquislto forms with which
we aro all familiar.
Tin: proposition of Superintendent
Walker of the Census IJureau for tho
taking of an Intermediate census in
1875, should meet with general favor.
Ten years years constitute u long
period now-a-days in the life and
progress of this nation. Tho rest of
tho world besides Americans desire
tho knowledge thus afforded as often
as at least every three or flvo years.
The Superintendent thinks this an
opportune time for urging an Imme
diate census becauo it can be put be
fore tho public in 187ii, tho hundroth
birth-day of tho government and
thus exhibit u century of national
achievement, such ns tho history of j
tho world does not yet record. Onco
Inaugurated he does not believe that
wo should again return to the ten
ICmigii vnox rnoM EnuIiANu.
An English paper called the Labor
(.' Union Chronicle, published in
tho interest of the clas from whom
It takes Its name, states " by author
ity," that some friends of tho agricul
tural laborers, despairing of a satis
factory settlement of the land ques
tion, are making preparations where
by at least half a million of the cream
of our agricultural population will bo
offered nu Immediate, practical and
attractive scheme of emigration to
CJitAi'i: Vim: on Tui:r.s. Kxpuri
cucc has developed one sound, uniform
information, viz., that grape vines are
more healthy and productive when
allowed to climb upward on trees, or
trellises, than if confined to stakes.
Hut ut tho biuno time it is a littlu at
the KXCiIlU'o of quality. Wo believe
most of the vlnoyunls through tho
country aro failures simply because
the vines arc pruned too close, nnd all
parts exposed to a scorching sun. If
wo could train our vines upon arbors,
overhead, and allow them to make
and enjoy a cooling shado of their
own, wo doubt not, vine culturo will
bo more steadily encouraged. Jfortt-culliirlsl.
Tho vqto in tho Electoral College of
Tcnncsseo was cast forThos A. Hend
ricks of Indiana for President, and H.
Oratz Drown forVlce-l'resldont.
The vote In tho Oeorgla Collcgo
stood: For President, 1. Uratz iirown,
'. Hornco Ureelev, 3; Charles Jenkins
of Georgia, 6. Vice-President, Hrowu
U. a. M. Colquit of Georgia, 6; N. 1'.
1 i n ti r tt 1
Fred. Douglas was chosen messen
ger to carry the vote of New York to
Tho Colleges of Indian and .Mary
land passed resolutions of respect for
Greeley and regret for his loss.
Enameled Cooking Utknsilh
Danoerouh to Heat.th. Dr. Zinrek
has examined tho enamel on hollow
ware sold in Berlin, nnd reports that
tho enamel on a stew pan made In
Belgium contains so much lead,. that
15centfgramB of oxld of lead -(2-prmB.)
was found dissolved in 'ono liter of
vinegar (3 percent, acetic acid) which
had ben boiled in it for ono hour.
KiNOni.KV says: "If you wish to
bo miserable, you .must Jhljik about
yaurtelf: about what yon ,want, what
you like, what respect poopio ought to
pav.voi't whnt peoplo think of you,
anil then to iiou. nothing. will bo puro.
You will spoil everything you touch;
you will make sin andmlsory for
yourself out of everything God. sends
you; you will bo as wretched hi you
,,TO iCll,EAN fF.UltNITUBB. An old
cHWnct-roakerHfiys: "Thebost pre
pamtlohJfor cleaning pfcturciframes
and restorIngJurnltu.rc, .specially
that which Is tomewbat marred or
scratched, i'a "mixture of three parts
linseed oil nnd one part spirit of tur
pentine. It not only covers tho dis
figured surface, but restores wood to its
original. color, nnd leaves a lustre up
on the surface. Put on with a woolen
cloth, and when dry rub with woolen."
To Bleach Fi.AJN$U'-oak,for an
hour ina week solution of bisulphite
of Boda.thon ndd little muriatic acM.
stir well and cover the veatel.Jbr
twenty minutes. After this, takatne
flannel out, rinse in plenty of soft
water and dry in tue inn.
Sam Irs Krinrr ox nu: Blood.
Dr. Stephens, a French physician,
pnv a butcher killing a pig. llu ob
served that be btirred the blood of the
animal, and added a handful of com
mon salt to It while stirring, which
Immediately made it crimson, and the
stirring being discontinued, remained
fluid. The change of color awakened
ills curiosity. The butcher could give
no explanation of tho phenomenon,
except that It kept It from Jellying
and spoiling. Dr. Stephens seized a
ve-el, caught some blood, and made
several experiments by putting salt
Into It, and found the blackest blood
was instantly changed to bright Ver
million by salt. "Anil," Cald he,
"bore Is a faut that may lead to a
practical rule." He observed, in eases
of yellow fever In the army, that the
blood drawn was very black and fluid
and on adding ait it became wu'tnlll
lon and retained Its fivhnes; where
as, putridity of tho blood one of the
characteristics of yellow fever. He
therefore abandoned the usual mode
of treating It and gave his patients a
mixture of various r-nlt", and In a very
short lime reduced the mortality
of fever In the Went Indies nom one
in live to one iu fifty.
A Mi:ti:ok ixAiikaxsas. -About
twelve miles south of Uuntsvlllo,
MailNou county, on the sth Instant,
occurred the most wondeiAil and
startling phenomenon that has over
been witnessed by tho citizens of that
neighborhood. Near the farm of
Captain Smith, ,sheriU'oi' the county,
some of the citizens were startled by a
frightful noise like the rushing of a
mighty cannon ball through the air.
On looking up, thtfy discovered some
thing that looked like a column of lire
passing with tremendous velocity
through the air, with a wbhrlug,
hlHug sound, something like that of
a shell, but many fold louder. It
appeared to be from eight to ten feet
In length and Irom four to five feet In
diameter, but It was passing with such
Kwmncss tuat it may nave oeeu many
times larger than it appeared. When
first discovered, It seemed to bo seve
ral hundred feet above the earth, and
was Inclining in its course toward the
ground, profusely emitting great
sparks of lire. About n minute or two
after Ir passed out of sight, un awful
explosion was heard, that shook the
earth for miles around, and was heard
at a distance of fifteen in lies. Tint
truth of this statement Is vouched for
by soveral proinlnnnt eltleus of the
neighborhood. J'ajjcltuillv (.!..)
Kki'ects ok" Mkhmeuihm. A gen
tleman residing iu nu interior town in
Pennsylvania states that recently
while a mesmcriser was performing In
liis place his neighbor's little daugh
ter, a pretty, bright child, became a
very interesting subject; and during
the stay of the professor was nightly
under her Influence, sometimes for
two hours. Her mind seemed iu it
(tnngQ way tho day after ho left, and
ill two days she was taken with a se
vere hcadachu with darting wins ;
.thoso terminated iu a stupor, and, for
about six months, sbo has been under
medical treatment. The physicians
say sbo hits no disease. Tho poorchlld
Is in nil object of pity, having pined
away to u skeleton and become ierfeot
ly helpless and idiotic. She does not
know nur own wants ; never asks for
food, merely opens her mouth when it
is touched, and hike-, it like n young
Woman's Kkiiitk amonci the
Bums. On the whole, there seems to
bo a system of Woman's Bights pre
vailing among tho birds, which, .con
templated from the btuudpolntof the
male, Is quite admirable. In almost
all cases of Joint interest, tho femalo
bird is the mofat active. Hho deter
mines tho site of tho nest, nnd is usu
ally thu most absorbed iu its construc
tion. Generally, she is more vigilant
In caring for tho young, and manifests
the most concern when danger threat
ens. Hour after hour I have seen tho
mother of a brood of blue grossbcaks
pass from tho nearest meatlow to the
tree that held her nest, with a cricket
or grasshopper iu her bill, while her
bettor-dressed half was singing serene
ly on some distant tree, or pursuing
his pleasure amid tho branches. At
The following Is tho text of Mr Sum
ner's resolution to obliterate tho rec
ord of tho war from-the Army Regis
ter, of which mention was made in
tho dispatches of the 2d Inst. :
WnEKKAS,:Ntional unity and good
Will among fellow citizens can be as
sured only through oblivion of past
differences, and it is contrary to tho
Utatfdaflf dvJMzcd nations to perpetu
ate the memory of civil war; tfiere
fwpbc lUjfbacted, The names of bat-
the regimental colonrof'fne United
Ooraior oT STATE nxxel 3CX33Xaxt.W' 3txooi
Bacon, Lard, Butter, Choose, Hour, Grain, Feed,
AND DOMESTIC PRODUCE OF ALL KINDS.
Faints, Oils and Window Glass, American nnd English
Coach Varnishes, English and American Furnituro Var
nishes, Gum Shellac, and Japan Varnishes, White
Damar and Asphaltum Varnishes.
Wholesalo and Retail at
Citoh imlri llu1 nil KliutR of ?IorIiniilnlile I'loiluri- ut l'uli ltnte.
utf croi-iisr i-ztjo-i-iids.
GILL, STEEL & CO.,
-io "7,','?, m-
ttKNT.ItAI. ASXOUTMKST 01' Till: HINT
Sucli n litnlio- Mnpf . Climtr. l'rjr", IVI llill,
A Ri'iiorul n-mttinriit, nnd en'rytlilni; lmlillrhdl
In tint t'nllril SI tit' or KunM' lmrtil In ntdir
on rliurl llnllCi'.
Wo Imllo -pcclol ntlcnllmi tii our iinik of
Mason & Hamlin Organs,
tiik ih:st is Tin: would i
MAItH'IIALI. & MITTAUKII.
riATKf, violins, Accoitnr.o:,H, xc, xc.
A romnWii .nrlmnit f MfSIC INRTnilC
TION HOOKS. Al)13.
(ILO. II. JONI'P,
). M. 1'iTTIK.ON
Jones & Patterson,
Real Estate, Insurance,
COMMEltCIAL HOTKL HUII.DINO,
Sl'KClAL ATTKNTION IIIVKN TO TIIK lo
of Hrl KUtn In all irt nf Orrfrnn.
.A Uree tiuouut of cry ilviltublu (,'ITV I'lIOl'.
KIITY, ccmxlttiug of Itwclllni; llou'fn, Loti. IU1I
U1OCB0 .nu IIKKKV, niuru. AC.
IraprotrJ FAHMH and V.Iiialile Uncullhatrd
imirio inq iiniorr i.tiu, niDiiru in inc iirm io.
Hcnllui and Lriuliiir of All Llnd. of nrouoriv.
Collection of Cllm, Ac, Ac, will reecho prompt
Tho Mutual LifoluBurauco Co.
or New Yorlc,
The Union Fire Insurance Oo.
Oi Kan JVi mo;l moo.
WKor compUto Ucrcrlpllun. of pr.pcrtjr !
ply at their ofllce
tWT Corrcrootidf nt. promptly amwered, mid ill
luiunnaiiuiiKivtii irco ui ruxrev.
JONKri A I'ATTEHSON,
Jim vj), HftU'm, OrrRon,
Beit Family Flow,
Baker'a Extra, XXX,
Superfine, and Graham,
Middlings, Bran, Shorts,
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
Hlghtft Price in Cast,
,mmMT, AT ALL TXllJft.
Hklo, Stpt. Hlf
n. v. nun!,
SEATS l'OOT on
I'lIIXA .TT OIL.
HAW AM) 1IOILKU OIL,
TOOtLS, Ac,, Ac.
H. D. BOON,
nEwi.it is ..
Hallott and Oumston'a Pianos
1 u on lullitl
TliiKd liitliumi liU aio I'AVOIIITKH Willi ll
minlclmi", mid IIiIk Hluro l lln lomirluf all ulm
v,U tolmy Until i limp.
II. . BOON,
I'oinincttliil flrti'l, Hiilcui.
L. S. SCOTT,
Statu Klrcrl, 'iii'il door to U, M'. ira',
Groceries and Provisions,
Tobacco and Cigars,
Fovoign and Domostio Fruits,
Glassware &. Stoneware
Halcm, July ., I8T0.
O. W. WAX.UMO c OOm
Q.KOWRKH OI TIIK CIIOICKST VAHIET1ES
Fruit Trees &- Shrubbery
iiiIlllcJ!,ntiftJu',,,lou '"" to CIIKBHV AND
I I.UM i flKKs,
IVriiniia Intending In jiurrliaiw Trrra dtirliiL' tlin
Niaaon of 1S71--J, aliuuld tall aud cxamlnt) our aloclc
Itturgest and Best in the State
V tiend fur Catabicrurn, dlttrluutcd grail.
James F. Brown,
Agent for Willamette Farmer
IN ISCOKNK CITV.
OOKHKT.LKIt AND DKALKlt IN MAOA-
alnca, rcriodiuii, ewrpintra, uooki 4
HotMCrlDtion taken far lha WILLAMRTTK
rAUMKJI, and all Kaatcrn I'ubllcallona, at l'ttb
Willamette atreat, arrond door to th tit. Charle
Hotel, KoKino City, Orvgon. Apl.
RBAIj MHTATR A'nRNTANn NOTARY PUB.
lie. Iittrda, Murif4(r, and 1'owera of Allot
Ufcjr drawn. AcfmowledKmenta taken.
Foreil Oroyf, Orrcon, Au, B, IMI.-tf.
, Kauu Otntral Laad
Wj. . . MMaJ.jpilN W. HKltKaUWr.
uttuir uu.in;.i acm lor in. nanaaa ra
, , , 'Kr.'taUw.
A. OBc over Gray atort, comer or BuU M4