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About Willamette farmer. (Salem, Or.) 1869-1887 | View This Issue
y, Salem, Saturday, Dec.
emblem of the beginning of his
I own 7?r& An ncorn that the Toot
I nr ,i,n ..1,11,1 mnv ..:-:mli. pnninlnq ihn
germ of an oak, strong its' thrt storms
of centuries. The- strength of the
smallest seed i.s wonderful. How It
throws aside the heavy clods in Us
' When life lii'glii In tliroh ami Mir.
Tho tlnlctt (cnl will And tlio ilar;
One germ of Ufa I mlgbtlcr
Than n Mhole nnlvcrtc of t!y."
But u seed is a very Practical and
useful and necessary thinir. Tho
farmers and gardenersof Oregon must
have seeds. Where do thovemnn
from? How much do they cost'.
Were these questions over jiondcred?
Only ton cents n paper wo pay for
our garden .seedy. A Ainall matter
truly, but how many of our pcoplo
nave ever realized that tho garden
seeds used in Oregon cost at least
ten thousand dollars every year.
Uoe-5 all this money go out of tho
country? Mr. Dickinson Informs us
that ho sold last year nbout four
thou-wml dollars, worth of seeds.
CANAL and Ldokk-TI.I, ImiMirl. WOTl or f!l0S0 voro iirwiuceil in his
ant work at the Falls of tho Willain- " K?01,18' e"iw wmo few
i.ate, will bo(miploled lnIifewday.s1,,1'1!Vfsc",,saro,)0tterto,)obrouB,lt
i,n Mint !,... ,..in i. ..1.1.. ..' from the East. But no doubt larsro
I I iniittMMiu n-.. li.n..1.t I-... n
.. . ...V ....I IfAUll&Iillj Jllllll IIIMI r
State, that could be produced equal-
ly won at Home. Wo en ntfontlnn
to this as another of tho small items
that draw money out of tho country.
Wo shall present other items ofi
A.sccd isiiAiiinll ntrnh-. hut iiiniifoi mi... ,.r ti.., i.uni.oii ...Minii.t. nf Kn. PAWMKn. In your excellent
of tho world is iu it. A single grain history have been between order paper, I notice the formation of sev-
if i..l.i ....... a... it .. ... .. . - .1 S.1..1... .. 4V.I.3 .l,lfl
Mnuai nmy contain 111c germ 01 a ami disorder. Civilization, peace, oral farmers- (.imn m una v....v
minureu Harvest fields. A single union, and even religion, are only This is as It should ue.
rtitiiinM.I .....! I.. 41 A. in. . 1 a . . - -
iiiu-tuiiu nuuu it mo greiu leucncr'.s
I What Should bo Taught In Agrlcnltunrl
! Colleges 1
The KAnKEii ofllc ha bfen remove! f. Slow
nrt'a Mock, Commercial aired up rtalr-, firM
door at the left.
Vick's Catamkiuk. Head adver
tiBctnont In this iisuc. The catalogue
for 187.1 Is tho most bountiful ono yet
issued, and costs only twenty-live
cents. It will be lsued quarterly
Rktuunuii. (Superintendent Ode
neal returned on Thursday from South
ern Oregon. He thinks there is no
danger of further depredations by the
Indians, mid that the military will
soon subdue the refractory ones yet at
Custom Hoimi:. Tho hands em
ployed on this Government build In
J'ortland, have been discharged, and
work suspended until next season.
Tho walls of tho building are up to
tho last course, and the frumd Work
of tho domu N completed.
so that boali will lx tililn in
through. Tho work, Isjth wood and
masonry, Isofn substantial character,
and is a credit to the company that
has it in charge.
I hone that
othnr nntiiiw. for nrdor. Va'pi-v fiimU it is the incipient stage of a wide,
ly, every nation, and tho world itself, concentrated and popular movement
should bo a -ehool in which tho first all over the rural districts of Oregon,
in... t, . . ... t i...i i. rt'i.t- I 4l.. .1li.nt4tnM nf nvAinnltnr' tlin 111-
im univr. .v. aciioui iiiueeui xius in uiu uuctuuu ui vi..v...., ---
reminds us that we have heard a tert3t9 of the farmers of Oregon,
great deal of late about order in , There are, and ahvays have been, in
school". More teachers are blamed . our country, various " rings," cacii
Wiiiia iimn fnv.nnunfiir.rnnn thlnr?. ' of which attends well to tho Interests
1 And wo hold, tho teacher is verV of- of its own members. Hut Ihavoyct
ten less to blame for the want of or- tojknow that there is n Farmer's Jling
dor than fhntn who make tho com- amongst U. Those other rings
plaints. Tho teacher should of courso Lawyers', Doctors', PoWIchiny,
' '"7" . '" '." .". ",u iV""",
planus, xno teaciiersiiouiu oi courso . .Miwyuia , uww , """
encourago in his pupils all manly , Courts, Ballroail, Commercial, Bank
and womanly accomplishments , and Mercantile move along in sys-
4. u II 1 It t 4nittntln xmi,t otr n.lfl rt nnfttrilll I ll
uvmuiiy iiiu:ju are cjcaiiiuiess, goua
innnnon and orderly conduct. But
fpmntln nrwlslnn. and. accomplish
important results fer their own intor-
supposo tlio pupils como to school I ests. It is true that nil these Kings
with uncombed hair, dirty faces act and live in the " Temple oj My
and ragged clothing. Can tlio'y." Of this temple and how things
teacher hoi nit? And what nnnlics. are done up in it, I: shall write elab-
to ragged clothes and dirty faces will orately at somo future time, if space
IIojii: lln.1., Dec. !th, I67L'.
Ki. FAiiMiat. The Highland
Farmers Club will hold a meeting
atT. It. llibbard'H on .Saturday, the
iilst of December, at 1 o'clock, p. m.,
at which time tho question as to tho
nest method of putting in grain,"
Will oo discussed by all tho members.
A mil attendance is desired, unit
general invitation extended toolhe
Clubs or farmers to partlcipuli
T. W. l).vi:.Ni-oitT, .Siv'y.
MuCohmack'h Almanac This
publication for 187.1 is printed, and
can lie had of . J. McCormick, No.
102 Front street, Portland, Oregon.
It is tilled with tho imiiiI amount of
reading matter, tho most of which
couslsts of information concerning
Oregon and Washington Territory.
Valuable for sending to friends at
Tin: Ai.ui.nk. This is nn illustra
ted monthly Journal, published by
James Sutton A Co., Now York. In
its Illustrations, typography, and lit
erary taste, it in a marvel of excel
lence and beauty. It claims to bo
tho handsomest paper in tho world,
ami wo Know of no other so justl
ntltlOU to UlUkO HUch n cluim. An'
fauillyilcalrluir to cultlvato tlm hlih
stnd purest taste iu art mid litera
ture, could not do abettor thing than
to6ubscrlboforyVif.lWi J. Henry
Brown Is agent for this city.
x. " o nr
',"i (lot bo r
,r pint wo i
more startling character In tho fu
ture. As wo look about us anil mako
inquires, it is no matter of ntirnriso
that money is scarce. It is rather u
growing wonder to us that thorn Is
any money left iu tho country.
wo are aware that thc-o evils cau-
emedled iu a day nor a year,
must begin soon. Wo must
more oucouraircmcnt in Immn
indiutry. Wo must roirard llttln
things Take caro of the dimes, and
tho dollars will take care of thom
sclvo. Wkathkh Rei-okd. Thomas
Pearco, Esq., of Eola, Polk county,
furnishes us with u record of thn
weather for November, from which
wo compilo tho following: Tho
mean temperature for tho month
was as0; the highest was Wi0, on tho
7tli ; tho lowest, 28 on tho 13th and
14th. On tho 13th there was slrit In
tho evening, continuing all night till
iu A. .M., tho next day. when It turn-
ed to rain. On tho 21th there wnj
light hiiow atlOA.'M. Tho mouth
had iilno days entirely clear rind
bright, and thirteen days during
which there was somo rain Tho
rnln-fall for the month was 3.69 Inch
es. Thn wind uirn nnrtlmrlv ir. ,ln..u
and southerly 15 days. There wore
two lossy nays, ruth mul "1st.
.iZ T ' " . -.. T. T "
apply equally well to nil disorderly ,
nauits. 11 children in their own
homes are allowed to llvo and act as
dirty littlo barbarians cicrhtccn hours
out of over.v day. can It bo oxnected
of a teacher to mako them models of
consistency during tho .six hours they
are under his control? If any ono
will mako diligent inquiry ho will
find that some disorderly family is
to blamo for every disorderly school
room. And every Jail and overv
gallows gets its victims from tho
samo source. Wo know tho wisest
men are liable to err, and tho best
men mako mistakes in tho moral
training of their children. But this
docs not change the fact, and wo
think It should stop tho mouths of
many who find fault with teachers.
Wo must not as a people lose slirht
of tho fact that our progress in mind,
manners, and morals, depends first
on ino lanniy. Thoramllymusteon
tlnuo to bo regarded in tho evoof
tho law, as tho first object of its caro
and protection, and bv thn mmmn.
nlty at largo as tho mould In which
tho character of tho nation is to bo
cast. Tho parents of our country nro
its mightiest architects. They hold
in tholr hands, not tho plans of great
buildings that a nulTof flrn mnv mn.
sume, but tho very germs of our in
tellectual and moral crnwth. in hnv
are faithful, future generations will
nso up and call them blessed. But
if they shirk their resnoiKllililiine
or fall through Ignorance or neglect,
wo may say to them,
u ... "'-ooklojonrhtarUia, tayLord. '
Knf It.. h.fl..rnrih .hall ... . ..-. l .v .
Shapea hoi from Tartarut." k"t-
Pionkeu Oone. T. O. Naylor of
can be had in somo newspaper for
Dwkm.ino HuiiNKi). The resi
dence of Perry Watson, about six
miles south of Salem, was burned to
tho ground on Monday inornluirliist.
about .1 o'clock. Tho greater )mrt of
tho contents or tho house were de
stroyed. The flro Is supposed to
havo been caused by an incendiary.
Tho Miitetintin says that when tho
flro was discovered, tho roof was fall
ing in at the two opposite ends. Mr.
Wufeon und family appllod thorn
(selves at once to waving tho bedding.
Clotllllll? llllll flirilllliro. Im nu'lm. .,;
iu. . i " "T.iT.T"" V .""' ' ." '" "' . 7 . - -
jnu uuviincou auige oi mo nro and shown to ho 581,130.6
Burmir November 4871. tlmrn u-nw
18 mlny days, with 4.87 Inches of
water full, 3 clear, 7 cloudy and 2 foir-
gy days. Tho mean tomporaturo for
that month was 11, highest Ki, on
tho 22d: and lowest. 28 on tho 2flth.
' mm .
Tin: Oiu:ii)N Crrv Kiuk Tlio
Jlemld has been furnished a list of
losses sustained by tho humlm? of
mo woolen Factory at Oregon City.
Tho losses wore on building, $if..
ttTi.-lT: on machinerv. 8l.fw;n.!Wi- nn
wool, $.W,3lfl.08: totul. iin9.030.5i.
Tho Insurances wero on building,
u,(c.ri; on machinery, $27,125: on
ww)l, 38.750: total. 77.600. Tim liw
sustalneil by the Company U thus
its rapid progress, thoy eucccetled iu
tHUngoutonlya small wt, ovory-
.Aw" " ,uo ""UNL oiuiig consumeu.
Tfce youngest child, a U!o, was rcs
euoil from Its bed, after tho celling of
the i btHl-room had fallen In upon the
foot of tho bei, und tho bedclothes
were in a blaze. Tho loss Is estima
ted to be between $2,800 n0,$3,ooo
on which there was an Insurance for
Sl,801utlio Phnnix lnsuraiM'e Com
pany. Kkkkit'ok Oxalic Ann on 8nk.
An tugllsk Bcleutlllc Jourl Utw
tURt oxkIIo old pmnioto tho snrout
Uut tUt, m tlitt twdit forty ,ye
lawIUMnulnata bv iim,nlwi...
The method U to sok thesreda for
eW, till Oa.y coauaeeto MKut, when
they mv taken out and planted.
Tho insurance agents of tho vari
ous coniiktiuics Involved made a care
ful inquiry into the cause of tho flro,
and discovered that tho statement
made by tho watchman was u nlivw.
of pure fabrication in every imrtlcu-
uir. Tlio result proved that somo
old rags, oily and greasy, used in tho'
mill had been stowed awny aud had
Ignited by spontaneous combustion.
This fact is conclusive, as no nro was
used iu tho building, water-power
anil Ihere was only this wajr to ac
jTJuiii ior mo origin or tno names.
BUnshllin Will. It haa nlon hann .
ed. sot Mm n almll ir.JCwwi
to the rays. Very few people are
ware of the danger ansia frata
such a source.
Forest Grove, died a fow days ago.
Ho CaillO tO OrotrOII. WO hollnvn. no
early as 184(5, and was widely and
favorably known unions stock ralsora
and farmers. I lo took nn active part
in tho management of the Api-IimiI.
tural Society, always exhibiting flno
stock and agricultural producoat tho
Fair. At tho tlmo of his death, ho
was a member of tho Board of Man
agers. Ho was u liberal patron of
tho Colleiru at tho Grove, mid n nn.
con of tho Concrecratlonn.1 f'hnr..).
His own community will deeply feel
mo loss oi so earnest a worker.
b ihk Wood. We sit In our oco
and look across Commercial street.
What a fine, swift, hot flro thoso old
wooden buildings will mako somo
dry day, with their rotten boards
aud moss covered sh Inglo roofs 1 How
suddenly tho beef and million in
those shops will bo roasted to a crisp,
now careiossiy will thoso dry goods,
groceries, boots and shoes, ho illii
Into the street. Ho there ! von
buUihcrs, grocers, tailors, caudy-ma-kors.
and milliners. "Lav tint m
foryourselves, treasures uponenrth
HK.UOU8 AccmuNlT Wo learn
that Mrs. Eliza Shontvird. who Uvea
about four miles east of Balem. re-
celvod very serious injuries last Suu
day, by tho ruuninsr uwav of a team
hitched to a wagon. Sho was knock
ed down, and one of the wheels iniss-
ed over her body. At the last aiv.
counts her condition was considered
But to my subject: It is essentially
necessary that a Farmers' Club bo
formcdIn every Justice's precinct in
Marlon county. And if in this coun
ty, then in every county in tho State,
in which farming is a paramount
business. It Is certainly strancre that
there is eo littlo unity of action; so
little Interchange of experimental
tests nud their results ainoncr furm-
ers in our State. Tho State Agricul
tural Society is a noblo and praise
worthy uiovo in the right direction.
But It cannot accomplish its great
work without a heartV co-oneratlon
of tlio farmers, and a mino of infor
mation obtained frem them. Politi
cal measures or rather politicians ar
rangefirst, primary meetings in the
precincts, then county conventions.
aud afterwards Stato conventions.
And these party movements keoD
up effective organizations in that di
rection. Tho farmer's interests are
first in Importanco to all other. No
conflicting parties In farming are
known. There is ono general inter
est ono universal demand for farm
Iirouucis. 1110 Population of nnr
earth is so divided in eitlc9, in com
merce, in manufactures, in mlnoa.
and in armies, that just enough per
sons arc engaged in farming, to feed
nil of tho human family from year to
year without any surplus accruing,
Tho more of farm produce that Is had
in any ono locality, tho greater tho
domand and tho price will bo nt that
Tho farmers' club may represent
tho political primaries, and so on up
to a Farmers' Stato Convention. It
cannot bo that there Is not sufficient
talent and shrewdness among tho
farmers to bring about an efficient
organization and co-ODorntlon in nr.
tlon. They seem to act disjolntly,
or oacn ono ror Himself. It is not so
with merchants. Thev hnvn thai
prices in buying and selling. The
farmers tako their produco to market
and it is not for thorn in mt n !.
on what thoy soil or buy. Furnior
A says to merchant! B. : " What will
you glvo mo for my wheat, pork,
beans, butter and pmon Arni.,...
B tells him. Thon como t hn inur
ing of salt, coffee, sugar, Iwots, cloths,
callcoe. hardware, .to., nmi mnr.
chant B sots hlsprlcoon his articles,
aim aiso iarmer A very demurely
acquiesces in both. Thn firmM nn
ut tho mercy of all merchants nnd
speculators in all tho products of tho
soil. This year's prices In rmi i,.
should open the eyes of tho farmers,
and cause an enquiry into causo nnd
unoci. i say then to my brother
farmors, go into organizing farmers,
clubs idl over country, and let theso
dovlso plaus for mutual aid to each
other, lt there be u mutual under
standing aud a community of in
terest tanong tho tillers of tho soil in
our Stato. If wo prosper, all other
interests win nourish. We only ask
to llvo and lot live.
Chicago, Nov. 8th, 1872.
Ed. Farmeii: What shall bo tho
curriculum adopted in Schools of Ag.
riculture is a question which is not
easily settled by some educators. It
would Iscem that the aim and scope
of theso schools should be ta nrnvlria
a special culture for thoso persons
who expect to follow an agricultural
pursuit. Such is not tho case at the
present time. Ono acriculttimi
school gives promlnouco to tho class
ies ; another to tho higher mathe
matics ; and occasionally there Is a
school which makes agriculture a
To teach agriculture- and related
subjects is clearly the province of ag
ricultural colleges, nud whatever elso
Is taught is not legitimate.
The Illinois Industrial Univcrsitu
has adopted n course of study which
Is equal to nny oi thoso pursued in
tho Eastern literary colleges, so far"M
Latin and Greek are concerned. This'
couego proposes 10 icacn not only
French and German, but Latin and
Greek. Theso dead languages have
no place in nu agricultural college.
Neither has the Higher Mathemat
ics. If there should bo anything
added to tho courso of agriculture
and related subjects, it should bo Pa-
lltlcal Economy, Progress of Inven
tion, Social Science, and tho Science
of Government. It is now ft question
whether Latin und Greek should hn
taught oven in literary colleges,
which nro expected to give a gener
ous culture. Toa philologist a knowl
edge of tho dead languages is essen
tial, aud when that is admitted, there
is but littlo more to claim for thn
study of Greek and Latin.
In tho first place, tho courso of
study should consist of tho Dnnart.
inent of General Agriculture, which
should tako tho preference, and fol
lowing this comes tho Dcnnrtmnnt
of Horticultuja, Frult-Growing, and
Landscape Gardening. Animal Phy
siology, Zooloar.v. nnd Entomolocrv.
should bo included, nnd, of courso,
elementary nnd analytic Chemistry
must bo taught. Geology should bo
taiiKht to n certain oxtent. so that thn
pupils may obtain nn elementary
knowledgo of it. Tho courso of
mathematics should include Algebra,
Geometry, Pluno Trigonometry, Sur
veying, Lovcling, nnd Platting. Tho
coursoof Civil Encrlnoerintr should bo
limited. It should be so arranged as
to give a general knowledge of build
ing material, mortar and cements.
masonry, wood and metals, strength
of materials, arches, framing, bridge
and road making. Book-Keeping
should bo taught thoroughly.
As the agricultural collect! can trlvn
only a special culture, at tho most,
and not aironeral. thocnumnnraiuriif
should bo formed accordingly. There
may do a diversity in the selection
of branches in tho course of study in
other departments of education, as
tho field is broad. If there should
bo taught any Ianguago besides tho
English it should bo the French, as
this language is used as tho medium
of communication in dlnlomanv
among nations. Farmers should be
taught that which they will uso
When irorformlucr the actual ilnrina
Of life. WllOU a Studnnt loavna nn
agrlcultural'collego and has comple
ted me course, he should bo qualified
in fnltnw ncrlinHnml -...m..w .i.i.
intelligence and success. Physical
sciences should take tho promlnonce.
uuuuiy. wjiuniisiry, Animal Physi
ology, Practical Agriculture. Horti
culture, Stock-breeding, Entomo-
jt " -wuiwjwwgy snouiu taico
the first place. Rex.
Thn KuUtllti .-... iiiii.i i . ...
ISJP Fo!Sd for interior
ly-oflaT. Tuntil "ffiEKaH.
Br. Prton ''endrXtM
NEwsrAi'ER Change. Tho Ore
gon JiulUtin has been sold to on as
sociation called "ThnTlnlloTln prR.
Ingand Publishing Company." Jas.
O'Meara, who lias few superiors on
this coast as a newspaper manager,
resigns tho editorial chair to H. W.
Scott, formerly of thn nranntn
Since tho change, tho local depart
ment Of tho PflDOr is as llvnlv no ,.,.
ol, its mechanical inakoup is some-
wiuti wiereu, more is more of a sopo
rific tendency in its leadimr AflltnW.
als, and it adoots the snnhhiaH nn.i
Jaw-breaking mode of spelling the
name oi tne Willamette river.