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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (June 11, 1940)
Thm Q2IGON STATESMAN sSdtnu ' Oregon, Tuesday Morning, Juae U.
Some Tables Reach. City
Region ; ' Main j; Front -:
j jt Is " 35 "Miles ' A way - ;
(Continued from Page 1.)
of . the fgoJrernment docaments al
ready hact been-moved.
The ! government moved . from
Paris to Bordeaux on ept.' 3,
19l4j 'and " remained until the
following Dec. 11 when the Ger
mans ' threatened the capital In
the" World war. "V
'. The : battle, ' which had been
waged heretofore .. on . familiar
"World; war territory for the moat
part, swung into Virgin soil as
the Germans " advanced west of
Paris. " .' '
In-.' the triangle, bounded by
.Amiens on the Somme, Rouen.
70 miles west of 1 Paris oxt the
Seine; and Vernon,-40 tellea west
on the Seine, the Germars re
doubled their attacks, crossing
the river ' at several 'points. An
armored column which ' crossed
the Bresle last week, ' led the as
Stand Along Seine
The French took their main
stand west of Paris all along the
Sene In an effort to -prevent the
Germans from effecting further
passages and taking the capital
from the rear.
In - the central sector of the
Oise valley, directly north of
Paris where the Germans had
suffered tremendous - losses, they
held back their lnrantry ana
sent out dive bSmbers in ah ef
fort to break down French re-
They broadened their, salient,
however, farther east' where
they had crossed the Aisne. Three
columns fanned out from Sbis
sons through La Ferte Milon and
Le Fere en Tardenois and toward
They were just north of Chateau-Thierry
and the Marne,
where they were stopped in their
1918 thrust by Americans fight
ing withi the French.
On the east flank, here the
French 'have been holding firm,
fresh 6erman infantry, tanks
ana pianes oaiierea me rcmu
lines, but with small gains.
Determined to Fight
on Says Reynand.
But France, besieged on two
sides by Germans driving on Par
Is from the north and the Ital
ians entering the war on the
south, proclaimed her grim de
termination -to carry on the fight.
Premier Reynaud, speaking to
his people an hour and 45 min
utes after Premier Mussolini an
nounced that Italy had cast : her
lot with nazl Germany, voiced
the nation's grim determination
to fight against whatever might
"The allies are strong," he
. He emphasied the allied inten
tion to continue the war "for the
Independence of all other coun
"France has been through even
greater difficulties and it has al
ways been at that moment that
she has astonished the I entire
world," Reynaud said. '
!. '-, Lane
; In this city, Monday, June 10,
Alice . Marie Lane, aged 6 years,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harold
.Lane of route three, Salem. Sis
ter of Doris and Frances Lane of
Salem, granddaughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Frank Lane of Independence
and Mrs. Nancy Peed of Longview,
Wash., niece of Mrs. N. D. Currie
of Monmouth, Mr. Irene Fowler
of Portland,' Miss Frankie Mae
Lane of Independence and Mrs.
Herman Hahn of Salem. Funeral
announcements later by W. T.
... - , , ( ,;. ..
T - " s - "-
'. . l - v..
4 , i , ; : ; - Kennell Ellit photo
MORTON E. PECK i :
WU Botanist Is
Study of Oregon Plant Life
Earns Iowa Honor for
Morton E. Peck
Professor Morton E. Peck of
the Willamette university botany
department, yesterday received
the honorary degree of doctor of
science at the 87th commence
ment of his alma mater, Cornell
college, in Mt. Vernon. Ia. He
was cited as a "distinguished
alumnus of the class of 1895,
faithful teacher for 45 years, not
ed student of plant life In Cen
tral and South America and the
northwest, author, poet, and aur
thority in scientific research,
member of Phi Beta Kappa, and
professor in Willamette univer
sity since 190ft."
A manuscript by Dr. Peck,
"Manual -of the Higher Plants of
Oregon," will soon be published.
It represents 30 years of research
work that is considered to have
led the fiejd in Oregon. Dr. Peck
in this research has accumulated
an immense collection of the
flora of Oregon, which he has set
up at Willamette. He spent 1905,
1906 and 1907 collecting botan
ical specimens in Central Ame
rica. He is a -fellow of the Iowa
Academy of Science, a member of
the Botanical Society of America
and the Cooper Ornithological
club and the author of the "Book
of the Bardona" and other poems.
Surprise Seen as
(Continued from page 1)
toric conversation of last March.
IS between Mussolini and Adolf
Hitler at Brenner pass.
All the world wondered what
was decided at that crucial meet
ing. . The- agreement apparently gave
Italy the promise of Mediterranean
Mussolini, standing in his fa
miliar balconyt made a character
istically v i g or o u s exhortation,
with his fist continually clenched
and pounding upon the balustrade
to enforce his points. t 1
Scenes of mild confusion fol
lowed the war announcement in
the streets of Rome. Several hunj
dred troogsr rushed to turn away
a mob of sailors and civilians from
the British consulate in the Piazza
Espana. Firemen held one end of
the piazza with hoses attached to
fireplugs ready to put! down any
Students and fascists roamed
the streets for hours shouting and
singing and speaking at demon
strations against what Mussolini
called the "western plutocratic
and reactionary democracies." (
- Word i in Address to
' i Graduating Class -
(Continued from page 1)
ging f preparation "of " the United
States to cope with any eventual
ity. , -.
"In on; American unity," he
said. "We will pursue two obvious
and simultaneous courses: We
will extend to the opponents of
forcV the" material 'resources of
this nation and at the same time.
we will harness and speed up the
use of those resources in 1 order
that we ourselves In the Americas
may nave equipment ana (raining
equal to the task of any emergen
cy and every defense, . v,
,., '"All roads leading to the ac
complishment of these objectives
must oe kept clear of obstructions.
We will not slow down or detour.
Signs and signals call for speed
full speed ahead . .
"I call for effort, courage, sac
rifice, devotion. Granting the love
of freedom, all of these are possi
ble. " t : :M
"And the love' of- freedom Is
still fierce and steady In the na
tion today." j -1-
Tha chief executive left a cap
ital swiftly gearing itself for the
task he outlined, to deliver his
address to a graduating class
which includes his own son,
Franklin D. Roosevelt, jr., now
completing his law course.
- Congress was busy with details
of his armament program: The
senate approved a bill authorizing
a 65a,00O,00O appropriation for
an 11 per cent expansion of the
navy and increasing its air force
to 10.000 planes; the house mili
tary committee recommended in
creasing the size of the regular
army from 280,000 to 400,000 and
authorizing the president to call
out the national guard for peace
time service in the United States
and its possessions.
The capital echoed too, to 'de
nunciations of Italy's course In en
tering the war, and predictions
that the event would serve prin
cipally to stiffen American deter
mination to give all possible help
to the allies. The house, mean
while, prepared to take up the $1,
004,000,000 tax bill, intended to
finance the extraordinary defense
(Continued from Pagfr 1)
which might 'extend tb4
peaa war to the far east;
I via tlio
You can tee California on your round trip East for not
one cent more rail fare than yob pay to go straight East!
and back (to New York, Chicago, most other destinariot).j
See the excitlnz new San Francisco World's Fair, then;
continue fast oa our direct Overlaad Route. Or go on
down to Los Angeles and Hollywood, then Fast on one of
our southern notes. - !
Fast economy trains all the way!
On your trip East through Cliformi, you can enjoy fast,
S J. economy trains all the way from Portland. Breakfast 25c,
luncheon 50c, dinner 35c and many other mooey-saving
features on our BePrr to San Francisco, f Frmcis(
Challenger (San Frandsco-Cbicago), Cotsfer (San Fran
cisco-Los Angeles) and CmLiltiuam (Los Angeles-Chicago).
C A. LAESOH - Phona 44C3
'.... I ' ' , . . .v
WASHINGTON, June 10. -(JPi-President
tonight "that a state of war un
happily exists" between Italy and
the allies and Invoked the coun
try's neutrality act in the new
As a result, American . citizens
were barred from traveling on
Italian ships, restrictions were
imposed upon the collection of
funds for Italy in this country and
the "cash and carry" regulations
were applied to Italy's purchases
No restriction was placed im
mediately upon American vessels
entering Italy's territorial waters,
but it was considered likely that
action would be taken tomorrow
to declare the entire Mediter
ranean sea a "combat zone" from
which American shipping would
Three orders issued by Secre
tary Hull as a result of the presi
dent's proclamation merely . de
clared that "the secretary of state
announces that the regulations
under section 5 of the joint reso
lution of congress, approved No
vember 4, 1939, which he pro
mulgated on November 6 and
amended November 17 henceforth
apply equally in respect to" the
dealings with Italy.
In addition to proclaiming a
state of war, the president de
clared that all the provisions of
"my proclamation of September
5, 1939, proclaiming the neutrality-
of the United States in a war
between Germany ( and France,
Poland, the United Kingdom. In
dia, Australia and ; New Zealand
apply equally In respect to Italy."
He also applied the usual re
strictions on use of American "ports
and territorial waters by the sub
marines of Italy.
(Continued from Page 1.)
sword with sword ... In the
struggle between civilization and
the pagan hordes."
Words shifted quickly to ac
tion. "Important contingents" of
new troop's were disembarked in
France. Considerable- numbers of
additional royal air force planes
are In the thick of the fighting
on the continent. And the British
fleet launched a tremendous
shelling of German troops along
the nazl-occupled French coast.
The air ministry reported re
inforced aerial units Inflicted
heavy damage on the Germans
In northern France,; in Rhenish
Prussia and the Ruhr. : ,
A large force of raiders short
ly after noon today . dropped
close to 2000 bombs of various
types within a period of 15 min
utes. fhe air ministry said in
detailing a series of Intensive at-
I ... , ' . .
Roth and Norwood
Rites Are Today
Funeral services for John Roth
and John W. Norwood will be
held here today.
Rites for M. . Roth Trill be
held at the Bethel Batist church.
Cottage and D streets, at 3 p.m.
tr der the direction v of the
Clough-BarricTr company, with
Rev. John Olthoff officiating.
Burial will be In , Lee .Mission
cemetery. . .
, Services for Mr. ; Norwood will
be held tt 1:30 p.m. from the
Clough-Barrlck chapel with Rev.
Guy I Drill officiating. Inter
ment wQl he In Belcrest Memorial
park. . ' .
, Times if the two services were
Inadvertently reversed in obit
uary not'ees in the , Sunday
Statesman, , ' ..
MELBOURNE June llff
Police and defense officials t
day began a, ronnd-np of Itl
tans1 following Italy's entry Into
the i European war., Thre are
27,153 Italians in Australia, of
whom 14,000 are naturalized.
LOXDON, Jane ilf(Tnes
dy)(P)OfficiaI circlef today
welcomed President Roosevelt's
speech, declaring it j would.
'hearten and encourage those
sods of force and
whom be described as
their life blooa In
WELIiTXGTOX, NZ, June It
-P)-Prime Minister j Fraser
stated today that New Zealand
. was at war with Italy from
10:30 sum. today. New . Zea
land time, ia pjn- .-uouuaj,
PST.) ! - t
ROME, June lt-y-tng
Yittorio4, Emanuele today is-
n je d a proclamation to '
armed forces, dated frojm if the
zone of Operations," announc
ing; that he lias entrusted Mus
solini with command of Ital
ian1 troops operating on every
ALGIERS, Jane 11-PV-The
commander-ln-c hief of the
French forces in North Africa
warned the substantial j Italian
population of French j posses
sions in Africa today that they
face punishment "without mer
cy" If they act against the al
lied cause. j
Addressing the many Italians
living in T n n i s, Algeria and
Morocco, the commander-in-chief
1 said : j
"All honest and trustworthy
Italians may know that those
who obey with discipline; the or
ders of authorities and who do
not Indulge in suspicious acti
vities have nothing to jfear.
"But those who make the
slightest alttempt or thej slight
est movement against the
French forces or try to
the: national defense
punished without mercy."
ROME, June 11-(Tuesday)
P) Pres tdent Roosevelt's
speech, which was heard here
with difficulty on account of at
mospheric conditions, Was not
immediately reported in the
Italian press. No official com
ment was available. j
The address however pro
voked resentment among some
fascist stalwarts who heard it.
Broadening Hof Tax Base,
Repeal of Reciprocal
Tirade Advocated I
" (Continued from page 1)
farmers and the national grange
will continue to seek their repeal.
' 1 Higher ;t federal taxes on : high
and medium incomes, higher state
income taxef and higher taxes on
large farming operations were
items of the tax program recom
mended by GUI. ' . r .
: Addres of welcome to delegates
of - the five-day convention . was
made by Mayor W. W. Chadwlck,
who ; after his speech ' announced
that he was filing his application
for grange membership. '. i
In response to the' welcome.
Bertha J. Beck told of the founds
ing of the state grange In Salem
7 years ago. This Is the 'fifth
convention the farm group has had
here. V '
'Meeting place for 1941 will be
selected this morning and one
member to the state grange, ex
ecutive committee will be elected.
The one post is the only office not
filled j through majority vote in
preferential balloting by each
grange this spring.
Tonight at 8 o'clock, at the high
school building, a program open
to the public will be presented by
the state lecturer, Mrs. G. W.
Thlessen, featuring the final
grange oratorical contest. Other
numbers will Include a violin solo
by Philip Blankenship, accom
panied by Mrs. D. B. Kleihege;
reading. Otto A. Dahl of Silver
ton grange; skit, West Slem
grange; vocal solo, Rex Hartley of
Ank'eny grange; skit, Rockfprd
grange: piano solo, Rosalie White
of Union Hill Juvenile grange;
vocal solo, Mrs. W. F. Krens of
Union Hill grange; chorus,-Brush
College grange; reading. Glen
Parrish, Sublimity; yodeling,
Saucy brothers of Keixer; play,
Red Hills grange.
Representing the n a tl o n a 1
grange at the convention is Albert
Goss, past master of Washington
state grange now living in Wash
ington, pc. .' ,
Second Hop Meet
To Be Wednesday
of opinion concerning the pro
posed hop marketing i agreement
was expressed at a meeting of 60
hop growers here Monday night
and since the ballots and copies of
the agreement are to arrive in the
mails Tuesday, a second meeting
was called for Wednesday night.
Dean Walker presided Monday
night and W. A. Anderson of the
hop control board explained the
In One Ear . . .
. (Continued from Page 1.) -
tlst has found the temperature of
the moon drops S0Q degrees dur
ing an" eclipse, that the man -who
made millions by being the first
since hairpins : were invented in
Roman times to think of putting
wrinkles, ia them to keep them
la milady's hair died the other
day and that in Tulsa, Oklahoma,
s church was denled permission to
erect a church because ', it would
be tod close to three taverns' and
a dance h'alL ' .'j ' .f-r'j ;. . i
rr ,- !. -.. .
The radio networks which, as .
their, bit toward neutrality ta- i
. booed .war songs, have loosened .
the restrictions, and yon cam ex- .
'- pects soon ; that the . listener's .
. life will, be one round, of war
flashes and. K.K.K.Katy.
If anybody wants to know yes-
Herday was Dragon Boat' Festival
day in China and today is Kame
hameha day in Hawaii. J 4
. MARITIME NOTE
The Wheatland Ferry devel
oped a dangerous list yesterday
when someone-left the tap of .
, the water cooler ; running. The
- commander said j he suspected
saboteurs and sent In an order
for more ice. -Anyway
the Italians are fash
ionable. Their first move is to
visit the Riviera. !
Balkans Are Agog
Over Italy Entry
(Continued from Page 1.) .
gone to waK Rumania already has
under arms an estimated 1,500,
000 to 2,000,000 men.
Drastic rationing was' expected
as a result, of the probable closing
of the Mediterranean, which will
cut off a large part of Rumania
, Long nervous, this country
which was born out of the World
war travail, and on whose soil the
conflict of 1914-18 began, called
up large additional numbers of
technical troops and ordered erec
tion of further fortifications im
mediately on her frontiers with
Italy and Germany, already
Sources close to the Yugoslav
government predicted that "If
Yugoslavia's frontiers are violat
ed, Russian intervention is ex
pected on our behalf."
Naval and military precautions
were instituted early in the eve
ning amid expression semi-offic-lally
of fears that the allies or
Italy would attempt to establish
naval bases in Greece's islands of
the Aegean sea. '
Greece holds a guarantee of
territorial Integrity from Britain
and France, but it was admitted
in Athens that Greece could hard
ly stay out of the conflict if Tur
key fulfilled her pact with the
Further Hampers Weygand
- Program? May Boost ,
I Morale of. Allies ,
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON -(Associated
With Italy finally In the war
at at black hour for Prance; - at
tention 'foeises In three ques
tions which are soon to be an
swered:- .' " - "
What effect : will the Italian
war. declaration have on the mor
ale of ' the French armies and
Trench people?' V r .
How. great will be the scope of
the - Italian attack on -France
proper or on 'Anglo-French bases
and naval forces in the Mediter
ranean?' . . , ;
. What counter measures -' have
Paris and London, devised? .
. There is. also a .fourth element
In the new war situation, which
cannot be ignored. It involves the
reactions of Greece, Turkey and
Franco - British diplomacy
sought to bolster the now-broken
peace . status quo on the allies'
eastern sea flank by mutual aid
pacts with both Turkey and
Greece. Tbey may prove of
doubtful value In view of the des
perate situation in which France
already stands. It also remains
to be seen whether Switzerland,
now completely surrounded by
the war. and with the object les
son of Norway, Holland and Bel
gium' before her, could dare fight
if, the Rome-Berlin axis mates
demanded unimpeded right of
way through her territories to at
tack France. , ,
First Move Awaited
Berlin reported immediately
the incursion of Italian troops
into French territory via the Ri
viera. However, the world waited
for word of Italian air attacks on
French industrial areas In the
Rhone valley; for Italian incur
sions Into Corsica; an attempt to
seize or destroy the British nav
al base at Malta; or air raids on
the Suez canal defenses. Those
seemed probable Italian moves in
the tragic game.
Mussolini's war announcement
included a grim note of warning
to non-belligerent neighbors. He
framed It as an assurance that
Italy would strictly observe their
neutrality. In effect, however, his
words put Balkan and Mediter
ranean neutrals, as well as
Switzerland, on notice that they
might expect the fate of the low
countries and Denmark if they
sided with the allies.
Entry of Italy Into the struggle
has been so long advertised that
the shock effect in France is
lessened. The marvel of neutral
military observers who ' have
watched the French armies in
action from the 'channel to the
Argonne forest has been the splr-
i t- , i i -It
of French troops. Their mora!
though they J have been steadily
falling ' back 1 from the ' Somme
Aisne front, i ' '
.. What ' happens ' in the first
clashes between Italy and France
could hearten rather ' than dis
courage the French. Fascist Italy
is an untested factor ia war. '
- Yet it appears probable thai
General Wevsrand must -farther
contract his defense lines In the
more outnumbered than ever. His
effort to straighten out his line
front the Bresle river mouth 'on
the channel ; eastward through
Beauvals and Compiegne, reduc
ing his front several score' miles,
is already threatened by German
spearhead thrusts to the Seine in
the west, and to the Curco-Mava
salient in - the east, i f . ,
t ' Further retirement seems des
tined to bring France to a stand
again on the Marne northeast of
Paris, and possibly near the Seine
westward. That would mean that
another siege of Paris is already
taking" shane. ! !. v
' Repulse of the foe In the Sois-sons-Relms
- gap would help. ; If
It permitted tha French to re
gain control of the south! bank
of the Aisne east of its Junction
with' the Oise at Compiegne it
would allow a readjustment of
the line west of that point down
the Oise to. the Seine, still cover
ing Paris from both the ; north
and- northwest. ',- rj
Whatever 1 General Weygand's
plans actually may be, it is ob
vious, that he must conserve his
forces, to meet Italian as well as '
German , attack, even surrender
ing, if need be, additional ground
on the channel flank, the Aisne
line and some of ,thd Magirfot
(Continued from page i)
diclne for . Normatr- Thomas f;or
president ..and'-Majhiard Kreuger
for yice-president at a meeting fat
tbe residence of John Whltakfr,
660 South street. iat 8 o'clock to
night. Plans made there will be
preparatory to. a .statewide con
vention to be held in ' Portland
on June 2 9, f with Kreuger pris-
ent.- ,-- ) vl , ; ...
zyistra' roundly condemned' the
Commonwealth organization abd
its secretary.1 Monroe Sweelatid
in his announcing statement. He
criticized what he asserted . wtas
their; . domination of tb censiis
organization In Oregon and is
Bexted they had failed to cooper
ate With Albert R. McCall, Sa
lem district supervisor becauise
he was not an OCF man. ZyUtra
worked under, McCall in the busi
ness census and the later .gene al
I have always been", a llbe
and;, still am, but I do 'not ap
prMCfiof the. tactics of a so-called
liberal 6r progressive group,'
Zyistra declared. ' ' 1 .
' 1 . I
CRAWL is the word for the strote,
but; it's no crawling, pace when Peter
Fick (foreground at right) is breaking
records in the sprint swims. He's sev
eral times a champion ... has broken
an impressive list of national and world
records. His favorite distances are the
shortest. ..fastest. His favorite cigarette
is the slower-burning brand... CameJ.
"Camels are milder and cooler, tor one
thing, he explains. "And they
. have a flavor that doesn't wear
out its welcome.
SPEED won him the title "world's fastest swimmcrIL
slow burning won him to Camel cigarettes
.- :v . v.
SPEED WINS IN THE WATER.
BUT IT'S SLOW BURNING THAT
WINS WITH ME IN A CIGARETTE.
CAMELS BURN SLOWER AND GIVE
ME EXTRA rMLDHBSS AND
EXTRA COOLNESS AND EXTRA
! SMOKING PER PACK
"T WANT all the mildness I can get In my of flavor and fragrance... means freedom
X smoking," says Pete Fide (on diving- ... from the irritating; qualities of excess beat,
board). "Camels bcrri slower and give roe Camels give yon extra mildness, extra cool
w'hat I want even giVe fne extra cmokiag. mess, and extra fLavor.Thc longer you are
Ves, Camera matchless blend of costlier I. Camel smoker, the more youll appreciate
tobaccos' and slower way of burning mean these extras in pleasure. And if yon men
several important extras. .Science knows sure puff by puff, youll find slow-burning
slow burning preserves th delicate clem ems " Camels also give extra smoking (see right).
;' "ir.7-'v . '-' tj -v-i u u LJ I i 1; I Aw ,
f y-tl ' ' I -rt-i
p give you , - v:-:.-
,-, i-V.: r7 1
" -"Y "-ir- irf-h-Jr---"-- lh" ' " '" ' w . 2f slls -"
O In recent 'laboratory tests,
CAMELS burned 25 ilowtr
- ; than the average of the 15 other
, of the largest-selling' brands
; tested slower than tfwy of thea.
- That means; on the average, n
smoking plus equal to
. 10 i Fzn :r:c:u--
CawrtM.UI. B. J. Kejnoldi Tobaco Coeap