The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, December 31, 1933, Page 9, Image 9

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Imoms Mo .Salem as Hop- Prices Soar ' in ' 1933
Rnnrihf nnftiiiM - 1 ' ' ! ; ; ' ' ' i L :
Winter's Flurry on Fuggles,
England's Return as
Market, Features1
i Thank to nation - wide sentl
tnent which led this fall to ob
solescence, ot the 18th amend
ment, hop men ot the Willam
ette Taller are -among the few ag
riculture dependents who are no
longer shooting "wolf, wolf."
(Sato ot course that portion ot
the growers who are "stock" with
contracts in the extremely low
brackets from 11 to 20 cents.)
The value ot the 1933 hop crop
In Oregon is estimated at $7,
000,000. , - -
With Oregon producing nearly
100,000 bales of hops in 1933.
from about 19,000 acres, and
two-thirds of that acreage in Ma
rion and Polk counties, It -may
readily be grasped how much the
hop industry and Its upturn
means to. the Salem trading area.
Just how much the upturn means
Is further evident from some fig
ures recently compiled on the
1933 crop by F. E. Needham,
grower and dealer.
To harvest the crop In Oregon
alone it requires 650 cords of
Jeg timber and 19,000 cords of
dryer and camp wood all bought
and cut at home.
60,000 Employed, Hops'
Hops give work and wages to
SO 00 men from March 1 to No
vember 1 and during the picking
season 60,000 men, women and
children are employed. These
workers use a half million can
vas gloves each fall.
Enough cotton twine (66.000
miles) to circle the globe three
times is used each season; 400.
000 pounds of sulphur; 3.000.000
feet of linen twine is used to sew
the bales: 200,000 sacks with
average life of three years cost
110,000; and baskets, with aver
age life of three years also, cost
$120,000: $19,000 Is expended
for 320,000 pounds of soap, and
$14,400 for 240,000 pounds of
soap chips.
The 32,000 miles of wire in
the hop yards of Oregon cost
$800,000; and 600,000 trellis
p o 1 e represent expenditure of
$168,000. The burlap used, 1,
600,000 yards, would make a car
pet 44 feet wide and 300 miles
loug and costs annually $200,
00; in addition, three-quarters
ot a million dollars Is spent for
buildings, stoves, hardware, pipe
and other needs incidental to
growing and harvest
la 1933, Oregon produced 52
per cent of the coast hop crop
and one-seventh of Ihe world's
output. Marion and Folk county
tad 7061 and 3811 acres, respec
tively, In 1932, and the past year
8961 and 4105 acres, respectively.
150 New Growers Reported"
Boom In the market caused at
least 150 new growers to rush
into the hop business, bringing
about 800 growers at the end of
the year and Increasing the Ore
gon planting to between 18,000
and 19.000 acres, compared to
14,787 in 1932 Exact figures on
acreage, new growers and the
1933 crop hare not been assem
bled, but hop experts give the
above estimates.
The hop market boom, kindled
by the Roosevelt promise of beer,
started the middle of March,
when the price went up to 25
cents. Prior to that time and
from the first of the year, only
40 bales had been sold, at 24
cents to complete a carload. From
the 25 cent figure of March, a
real flurry developed, reaching
the pinnacle the week May 14 to
20. when 586 bales were sold at
the price of 75 cents a pound or
$150 a bale. The price then drop
ped to 70 and 71 cents where it
held until the middle of June,
when buying ceased and contract
ing opened. By the middle ot
June, 14,029 bales of Oregon
hops were sold.
Up to December 20, about 35,
000 bales of the 1934 crop had
been contracted, including the
holdover contracts in the lower
brackets. Various prices ruled on
the new contracts, with the best
from a grower point of view the
five years which average 33 cents
a pound during the entire period.
The- highest paid for a one-year
contract at 52 cents.
Market Qaiet, 25c-35c 1
The year closes with the mar
ket quiet, as is usual at this
-: time and prices from 25 to "35
cents per pound, depending on
Quality, as on a 35 cent market
'some lots will draw only 25 cents
due to the mold and weather con
ditions which prevailed at the
time of picking. The 1933 grow
ing season was unusually tine but
a considerable portion of the har
vest period unfavorable.
On December 1, there were 9,-
(Sll more bales ot hops of all
ages In growers hands than for
the same date In 1932 but grower-dealers
had 6700 bales lees on
band than a year ago, making In
reality only 3200 more bales on
hand than last year. On the coast,
however, there ar 27,000 more
bales on hand than last year as
. the year closes. December 1, 1983,
there were 34,313 bales In bands
of - grower . and dealers -in Ore
v gon. : . -i-- i .
As unusual feature of the buy
ing this year was an early winter
fl u rry on fuggles, with England
the main buyer. Off era on tug-,
gles at this period ran as high as
40 cents. By far the balk ot Ore
gon hops are clusters, with only
i a little more4 h a w 1080 acres
planted to toggles and less than
'2500 acres to. early clusters.
Executive Office at Statehouse
Lists Accomplishments of 1933
Meier Sets Bonneville Dam Project as Outstanding Result; Steady
Lowering of Deficit Pleases; Relief Activity Outlined
The state of Oregon should be
gratified with its achievements
in 1933 as a commonwealth, the
executive offices announced here
yesterday with a statement cov
ering major activities for the last
12 months.
The outstanding achievement
listed was the breaking ot ground
for the Bonnevilie power - dam.
This marked the initial step in
the; great federal power and navi
gation development which has
long been a cherished dream of
Governor Meier for the state.
Governor Meier pointed out
that for the first time in many
years the s-ate ot Oregon not
only lived within Its income for
193 3 'but substantial strides
toward reducing the state deficit,
which has long proved a bur
densome and expensive incum
brance. Records show that in Decem
ber, 1932, the Btate deficit ag
gregated $4,500,0 0. At the regu
lar 1933 legislative session Gov
ernor Meier submitted a budget
recommendation in which he urg
ed that the appropriations for the
previous biennium be reduced by
$6,000,000. Although the legisla
ture exceeded the governor's
budget by $327,000, which
brought the total appropriations
up to $9,600,000. a saving was
effected of approximately $5,500.
000 over the previous two year
Three and a half million dol
lars of this savinr went to wipe
out old deficiencies. According to
the tax levy made in 1933, the
deficit will be reduced in Decem
ber. 1934, to $1,475,000, and by
the end of 1935, if the present
schedule of expenditures is main
tained, the r.tate will be out of
the "red" for the first time since
Foremost among the serious
problems of 1933 was that of un
employment relieJ. Ever since
1931 Governor Meier has been
working with . lofficial local
committees to meet unemploy
ment relief needs and cooperat
ing with the county groups
through the highway department
and other state agencies.
State Relief Set Up
Upon the governor's recommen
dation, the regular 1933 legisla
ture provided statutory authority
for a state relief committee and
for a local reliet committee in
each county As a result of this
$5,246,315 has been made avail
able to the state by the federal
government and dispensed under
the supei.ision o the state and
county committees for relief of
the needy and distressed. Thfs
state and county eommittees are
now administering the civil works
program which is bringing a pay
roll of C3 00,000 a week into the
state of Oregon.
Facing a deman.' from the fed
eral govern: lent that the state
make provision for carrying its
share of the relief load, the
governor recommended to the sec
ond special legislative session the
University Maintains Standard
While Others Forced to Curtail
Willamette Enrollment of 530 Deemed Ideal;
Campus Improvements Made
While other denominational
schools and colleges in the north
west have been cutting their bud
gets by curbing educational equip
ment and opportunities. Willam
ette university, oldest institution
of learning west of tie Rockies,
has during the past year main
tained an even keel. Financial
conditions there are reported as
"excellent" and although even the
soundest investments have failed
to pay heavy dividends, all cuts
in the budget have been taken
care of by trimming expenses
rather than services.
No cuts in the size of the fac
ulty or the curriculum have been
made during 1933. Recommenda
tions of the national educational
board made a few years ago from
a purely educational standpoint
have been closely followed out
with a resultant cutting of ex
penses in most of the changes.
A. registration of 530 students,
deemed an ideal sized student
body for the classroom and re
creational space on the Willam
ette campus, is recorded in the
registrar's office.
While no building "program has
been entered into during a per
iod of financial stress,- mainten
ance ot present equipment has
been kept strictly up to standard.
Student employment projects
last summer made possible the
laying of new floors in the two
upper atories of Eaton hall, ad
ministration building, re-roofing
ot portions of the gymnasium, im
provement of the campus lawn
and general repair and replace
ment work about other buildings.
The law school, which with the
college of liberal arts and the
school of music makes up the uni
ing - Storing - Crating
Larmer Transfer & Storage
PHONE 3131 T
We Also Handle Fuel Oil, Coal and Briquets and High
Grade Diesel Oil for Tractor Engines and OU Darners
allocation to relief purposes of
all revenues raised in connection
with the sale and control of al
coholic liquor. The legislature
set aside tor relief purposes $3,
000,000 to be derived from liquor
When i became apparent that
repeal of the eighteenth amend
ment was imml: ent. Governor
Meier appointed a committee ot
representative citizens to conduct
a study and make recommenda
tions for a plan ot liquor control
that would eliminate tho evils of
the old-time saloon and the boot
legger. Board Non-Political
The result was the so - called
Knox plan which places all traf
fic in liquor containing more than
14 per cent by volume of alcohol
in the hands ot state dispensaries
conducted under a non-salaried,
non-political commission ot three
members. The legislature, after
receiving a strong recommenda
tion from the exeoutlre depart
ment, enacted a law closely fol
lowing the provisions of the com
mittee's report. The state liquOr
control rommission appointed by
Governor Meier is now engaged
in preliminary preparation for
operation soon after January 1.
After the relief emergency has
passed the revenues derived from
the sale of alcoholic beverags will
be divided cn the basis ot 25 per
cent to the state and 75 per. cent
to the counties, while license fees
will be returned to the incorpor
ated cities and counties from
which such tees are derived.
Finding in the distressed finan
cial condition of the public ele
mentary and high schools cause
for serious concern. Governor
Meier called to attention of the
special legislature the fact that
mounting tax delinquencies had
caused more than 400 school dis
tricts, with 32,000 children en
rolled, to fall more than a year
behind in the payment, of war
rants tor current expenses.
To avert the danger of closing
the schools to thousands of boys
and girls and at the same time
lighten the staggering tax burden
on real property, the governor
recommended and the legislature
enacted a cue and one-half per
cent tax on retail sales of tan
gible personal property and util
ity service. All of the. proceeds
from the operation of this law
will go for the suppcrt of the
schools "and to offset real prop
erty taxes. Unless subjected to
the referendum by its opopnents,
this tax law will become ef
fective March 18, 1934.
Specific accomplishments back
ed by Governor Meier:
Steady Improvement of the
state's financial status.
Enactment of a liquor control
act free from the elements of
private profit or political influ
ence and supported by the press
and the public.
Provision to cooperate with the
tederal government in the reliet
of the needy and distressed.
versity, under a new system of in
struction whereby recognized at
torneys of the city and surround
ing territory offer classes in their
favorite fields of law, has shown
a gain in Interest and enrollment.
Large additions have been made
to the university library's excel
lent selection of books and maga
zines, while overflow space in the
basement of Waller hall has been
remodeled to accommodate a more
thoroughly catalogued collection
of government publications and
religious materials.
The most notable changes in
the faculty have been in the school
of music where Clara Eness suc
ceeds Frances Vlrginie Melton, re
signed, to conduct a private stu
dio and Mary; Sennits follows
William Wallace Graham, also re
signed, to conduct a private stu
dio. Onion Output in
County is Heavy;
You can't down Marlon, county,
even when getting out figures on
onions, for the 1930 TJ. S. cen
sus gave Marlon county 27th rank
In counties of the United States
in acreage, but gave it 17th place
in value of the onion crop.
Cook county, Illinois, which is
mostly Chicago, ranked first in
the value of its 1929 onion crop,
although Hardin county, Ohio, had
a little larger acreage. Webb
county, Texas, ranked second In
onion acreage.
STATESMAN, Salem, Oregon, Sunday Morning, December 31. 1933 4
Taittal atM ....
'u4u me con-
struction of the Bonneville dam
rJ" m,lan that Oregon should
receive tbet cheapest power rate
In tho country and open the way
for renewed industrial activity
A means of reducing property
taxes and making It possible tJ
n"n Oregon's elementary and
high school system.
Rough-Weather Year Ends;
Haag Takes Up Reins
For 1934 Work
Cascade area council, the adult
organisation responsible for car
rying on the Boy Scout program
in Marion, Polk and Linn counties,
enters 1934 with new vigor and
hopes of returning scouting here
to a Bound activity and financial
". accormng to A. c. Haag,
-r x -. V
. a
vs.-"' "rr
Mew Year
president-elect, (who will be In
stalled at the anual meeting here
January 12 Mr. Haag, who held
this office three years ago, follows
Irl S. McCherery, who carried the
organization through a rough
weather year.
"There will be no mistake about
it; we are going to put the pro
gram across so the citizens of Sa
lem and vicinity wills support it
both financially and by giving
their time to scout work," Mr.
Haag declared. "When the people
understand the scope and results
of the scout program, they sup
port it. The scout movement is
bigger than any one Individual."
Despite financial adversities and
accompanying administrative dif
ficulties, scouting in Cascade area
weathered 1933 with the loss, of
but three troops. The area now
nas Z3 active troops averaging ap
's Greetings
' . v ... , ft : . i
BUSH, Bankers
Established in
proximately 20 members each or a
total scout membership of about
460 boys.
There .are eight scout troops in
Salem, four In Albany and one
each in Silverton, Stayton, Turner,
Liberty, Keizer, Monmouth, Dal
las, Falls City, Tangent, Halsey
and West Salem.
"A good summer camp was held
in 1933," F. Howard Zinser. who
is serving as scout commissioner,
area administrative officer, pend
ing restoration of a paid executive
ship, said. "Each month of the
year we held a court ot honor at
which hundreds of advancements
were received by the boys, and we
staged successfnl spring and fall
"I believe there Is more real In
terest in scourting now than for
a long time.
1 V. -.'"-'",.-
.... " ..i;-" JiM
KftnaeUrttUia paoio
-. .
Kennell-Ellis Photo
9 1
Teachers Spending
Holiday Week with'
Aumsville Parents
AUMSVILLE. Dec 30. Those
visiting at the home of Mr. and
Mrs. Chas. Hein are Mr. and Mrs.
Glenn Munkers, Mr. and Mrs. W.
D. Lamb ot Cascadia and Mrs.
Ethel Wright and children, Al
len and Marcia, of Eugene. .
Miss Gwendolyn Martin, teach
er at Mission, and Merle Martin,
teacher at Forest Grove, are
spending their vacation at tho
homo of their parents, Mr. and
Mrs. C. L. Martin.
Thursday evening an enjoyable
party was given by Miss Marcia
Wright at Hein's hall. Mrs. Eth
el Wright and Mrs. Mae Lamb