Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 7, 1933)
The OREGON STATESMAN, Salem , Oren Tuesdiy Morning, llarch 7,ggj - ' :
it . -
f Xa ijj
"No Favor Swavs Vt; No Fear SWi AuhT
From Flrrt SUtemiAn, Mrch 28,'lS 51
, ' THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO.
CHARLES A. SpraCTJZ - ... Editor-Manager
Shtldow F. Sackett - - - - . llanasino Editor
Member of the Associated Press
-The Associated Press 1 xeluiTly entitled to tlw dm (or publlca
toon ot all turn dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited to
j Portland .Representative
Gordon B. Ben. Security BuiMln. PortUnl. Ore,
1 Eastern Advertising Representatives
Bryant Griffith ft Branson, Inc, Chicago. Nnr York. Detroit.
j - ": - - Etoston. Atlanta.
m Entered at the Potto ffUe at Salem, Oregon, Second-Clou
Matter. Published even morning except Mo day. Bueinese
office, 915 S. Commercial Street.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: "
Stall Subacrlptlor. Rates, In Advance. Within Ore r on : Dally and
Sunday. I Mo. SO cenu; a Ua. $1.26; I Ma 11.25 i 1 year $4.00.
"STST 5? !5.nta "ff Mo or ,5 00 tot 1 advance.
By city Carrier: 4S cent a month; 15.0 a year in advance. Per
Copy t cent On train, and New. Stand, i cent
Breaking Home Ties
ON every banking house in the United Stales flies a white
piece of paper, pasted there by authority of state gov
ernor and the president of the United States. It closes the
Like its counterpart in time of war it is the sign of sur
render, not of the individual institution which flies it, but
fit the whole USA, surrender to economic disintegration
which has progressed steadily with only brief interruptions,
We are experiencing now for a few dava what mv h
called an interregnum. It resembles the situation in those
countries governed by a monarchv when the Kn? dim and
the succession is in doubt. The ministers and cabinet meet
to pick the successor, either some prince imperial or some
regent to rule ior the interim.
In this interresmum in the United States the cold Hoi.
lar has apparently been unseated and the finance ministers
are deliberating over a successor to the throne : scriD. clear
ing house certificates, fiat money, guarantee of deposits, or
The condition of affairs is critical ; it is also pitiful. Our
very wealth has strangled us. America which thought itself
impregnable, which mocked the tribulations of lother coun
tries, which gloried in its strength, is itself forced to throw
up the bars to prevent the flight of capital to more secure
havens. Inability to manage our surpluses has destroyed the
economic balance in this country, until widespread fear com
pleted the wreck. Quoting Shakespeare:
VThe fault, dear Brutus, lies not In our stars,
But In ourselves, that we are underlings."
Meantime the populace goes its way, waiting patiently
untfl the new king is proclaimed. There is suppressed ex
citement, such as was experienced 15 years ago when the
Germans made their last great drives toward Paris. But
there is general belief that the deliberating ministers will
soon select the new ruler that will comply as closely as pos
sible with the standards of legitimacy. No fear. is felt of
any revolt. Within a few days, or hours, the herald will
step forth on the balcony and proclaim the name of the new
king or regent; huzzas will be heard; fresh courtesans will
clamor about his highness for recognition; old lords and
maids in waiting will fade out of their former glory. In far
provinces the shout will go up: "The king is dead; long
live the king."
End of Price-Pegging
VN the eve of the inauguration came the announcement
V that the federal government's farm activities would be
entirely reorganized. Specifically the effort at price-pegging
of farm commodities will stop. Report was also made that
the farm board had closed out its wheat holdings which
have hung over markets for two years and longer.
There is an amazing complexity of government bureaus
dealing with the farmer. The department of agriculture has
long dealt with production problems of farming and built
up one of the largest executive departments in the govern
ment. In the post-war years have come the federal land-
banks, intermediate credit banks, the farm board, stabiliza
tion corporations financed by federal money, and regional
agricultural corporations. Almost without knowing it the
country was headed for socialism in agriculture because the
federal government was becoming the chief editor.
. There is no assurance that the government will get out
of the farm business. On the contrary the chief pressure is
to put the country farther in business not only in farming
but in railroads, banking, etc But at least the farm board
speculative activities will be dropped. Henry Morgenthau,
jr., who is io be the new chairman of the farm board, stated
definitely that the first objective would be to take the gov
ernment dut of the stabilization business.
When the "war" is over and the losses are all tabulated
we will find that the government's adventure into agricul
ture and business has been tremendously costly. On cold
appraisal it can scarcely be said that any of the- ventures
has been successful in accomplishing the purposes intended
Will the government retreat? Or will it continue m the di
rection of federal control until we have socialism and pa
ternalism on a still vaster scale?
'f "l-L 1 " ' " ' 'iMH.iii, i i. ' ' in ii ii i
-Hard facto sad ft vsr-cbast.
BazaJL PsnurrftDfcs ar so mseh
pulp wftaovi them. Dr. Wolfs hsrt
U th bus to deal with facts. The
stoosy Is wits m. Now, look yos
ssrs, man, w art going to raiso
ti vtnd, oat jo blowing your
trumpet otttaldo the waus of Jr
BoxaH rubbed sis hands together,
earer and unctuous. Ho ttcked sis
Hps as thou ho tasted the sweet
fall of the Ink he was to use.
Ton ess rely oa me, Mr. Crahbs,
1 know how to handle a paper sad
to cush a srlersnc. There's some-1
thins; of the stinging-nettlo shout
There was. The man had ability,
and knew how to float orer s
"Look yon, Boxan, we hare sees
Mr. Wolfe's facts. We hive fot to
declare war, fire our first shot."
"Find a plain man with righteous
discontent in him, sir."
"Bah! put it plainer, some can
tankerous curmudgeon who likes to
bray so loaf as no one can get at
him with a suck. I hare got a man
to start with, a sulky, eross-frained
The ends of BoxaH's month
eurred upwards, and little wrinkles
showed about his eyes.
"A eobbler. Old Burgess of
"One of the people pre-eiaely."
Wolfe's eyes trareHed from one
to the other. He was like a captain
"Mr. Wetfe Is coming ap the bin. 1 1 cant a
rm going out oa the moor." said Jess.
BITS for BREAKFAST
-By R. J. HENDRICKS-
The Last Fifty Years
THE half-century ast has been an intensely interesting
one. Those whose life-span falls within that period have
witnessed many revolutions of one kind and another.
In the world of matter vast changes have occurred. The
application of electric energy and the use of petroleum prod
ucts in internal combustion engines have extended much far
ther the mechanical power first multiplied by the steam en
gine. Chemical discoveries have also worked great transfor-
In religion the greatest revolution has been wrought
since the time of the reformation.
The greatest war in the history of the world was fought.
The greatest experiment in economic and social change
in the history of the world is being made in Russia.
The greatest depression in history has occurred and
we are now in the depths of it.
A fellow may be tempted to chuck it all and jump off
the dock. Not for us. We are so curious to see what is going
to happen i we are determined to stick around as long as
possible. It ranks with the fall of Rome, the French and
Russian revolutions, the outbreak of the world war in dra-
v ' -Prohibits hoarding is an item la tho list ot points ot the
nrMidential nroclamatlon. That will bo about as hard to enforce
as prohibition. - '
v Where is Arthur Brisbane with his oft-repeated "Ton can't soil
Joaquin's first dollar,
first poetry, other firsts:
Joaquin Miller, for the first
rolume of a six book edition ot
his poetry and other productions.
published in 19 0, wrote in tho
introductory chapters something
of his early life. Speaking of the
final days of the coyer ed wagon
trip of his family across the
plains to Oregon in 1852, and
following erents, ho said:
At The Dalles, . . . papa went
to see the officer in command of
this military post, the first one
we had found, to ask about tho
possibility of crossing the Cas
cade mountains. ... at that lata
season ot the year. This kind of
ficer sent a yoke of strong, fat
oxen and two soldiers to sea us
to the summit.
"His name, we were told, years
later, was Grant Capt. U. 8.
Grant, afterward president. (A
good story; probably true. But
Grant was not yet a captain. Ho
was regimental quartermaster for
troops at old Fort Vancourer of
tho Hudson's Bay company. Final
ly tho Fort Vancouver ot the Hud
son Bay company was acquired by
the U. 8. government, and that
is where the fort ot the name
is now. Grant was, July I,
18 St, through tho death ot CoL
'Bliss, promoted to bo captain la
charge of a company at Humboldt
bay, California, whither he went,
that year, from Oregon.)
."By taking this route papa
landed his little family far up the
Willamette rlrer almost in tho
heart ot tho wonderful Talley.
(Evidently, as the reader will ob
serve a few lines ahead, at Sa
lem.) This is tho most poetic, gor
geous snd glorious valley in
flowers and girdle of snow crown
ed mountains oa the globe,
"Papa, as a teacher, had al
ways been rather fastidious in his
dress, and mother often told mo
that he always wore broadcloth
with a flower in his buttonhole
when he lived near Cincinnati, in
reach of a tailor. And I well re
member he always wore a leaf or
flower in his lapel when teaching
school, no matter what the aual
ity ot his coat. Bat here in Ore
gon, la this mild climate, seelnc
mat wo were nearly su naked, ho
said to mother one morning as he
pruned a flower on his shirt bos
Margaret, really and truly.
By Royal S. Copeland, MJ).
True, wo are
'all in tho same boat"; but it seems to have s hole
' So far no one has arisen to assure us the country la "fund
ameutally , sound". - : ' - - " - -
Tho aear saat relist may bow rsorgsnixs sad try to siphon back
jiome ot the- money ws seat to Armenia.'
"Wo earned a cow in this way.
and mother bought two others,
giving a note bearing enormous
Interest. The cows cost I1Q each.
So that when papa got back after
a long quest tar up the valley we
had three- more cows, three frisky
little calves, and lots of butter to
sell. Two little Jew peddlers, bro
thers, who had some way got
down by way ot what is now Alas
ka from Russia, came by every
week and got the butter and gave
in exchange groceries and dry
The merchants In those days
demanded more than double the
purchase prico of everything; but
as they paid 11 a pound for but
ter, which was twice what it was
really worth, the thing was about
even. These Jew boys carried ev
erything on their backs at first.
Then they got a horse, then a
wagon, then they opened a store
away up at the forks of tho river.
where papa had found a 'claim,'
and flourished amazingly. Then
they had a big store in the biggest
city; then a bank in San Fran
cisco. And open-handed papa
marveled to the end of his days
why he, too, could not have been
such a 'merchant.'
It was a muddy, miry road
away up the Willamette forks.
neighbors 40 miles distant from
one another in places and no
oriages, ana lew femes across
the swift, deep river; but wo got
there at last and the spare neigh
bors, as was tho custom, came to
the 'raising.' and in a few days
we had a home, a house, such as
it was; let us call it a palace. For
never was a nobleman of high de
gree, with all his house, so happy
la nis castle, as was proud, brave,
"The law had been meanly
changed while we were en route,
cutting a own the donation from
99 acres to one-half, so tho
ranch was not what It should
hare beea in area, and real val
ue; but no one complained, and
all went to work and worked
from sun to sun, happy, healthy.
ana gaming in strength every
day. The land, unfortunately, was
not well chosen. We should have
located in the middle of th val
ley and where every foot was far
tile and tillable, but we had beoa
used to woods and did not like
me open, wo wanted tho wood
for houses, fences, and the fire
place. Ia the rear a great moan
tain, topped with wonderful fir
we don't need any clothes In this treS gloried in me morning sua;
eounur, except it may be some
sort of a thing to Din a flower
"Ia this happy frame ot mind
papa soon after cut a stick end,
taking a small pack on his back.
set out ap the vast and fertile
vauey to find a - location.
'claim.' Ha left us under the care
of a noble old missionary, E. E.
farrun, and also a Methodist
preacher by the name of West.
(Evidently J. L. Parrlsh: bnt
West does not appear amone the
list ot Methodist preachers la Ore
goa ia regular work la 1852.) It
seemed that every one of tho old
er immigrants were either mls
slonariea or preachers. And they
were all good, God-fearlnr men.
wao cua su utey could to encoar-
sgo and care for tho stranger.
"Wo three boys, also, sieves
ana mirteen years of ago, sooa
round work elearinf'oft brash
sad making ratts for a neighbor
doss st sand. (Joaquin was tho
sieves year one; note - Chia, bo
causo of the question of the date
of sis birth, later oa.) , Mother
would, go out to work - with us,
sitting os s stamp sad knitting
sad tslkiaf cheerily to us whea
me swift, sweet river glistened
under the great big cedars and
Daim trees away out yonder la
me boundless dooryard, where
me cattle fed and fattened, and
an was wen.
"Papa at first took as up tho
mountainside to cut dowa trees.
and roll them dowa for rails.
These rolling, tumbling, headlong
logs on tho 'steep hillsides mads
great sport for our little dog. But
he got caught under one aad was
killed. Then Jimmy (Joaauln's
younger brother) got caught un-
aer one. Ana. although he got sp
and laughed st our terror sad
dismay, papa gave up the moun
tain, aad wo made rails after that
from ash, maple, balm, alder, sad
so on. to fanes oar first field
worthless wood, compared to the
beautiful fir, hut we bora were
too bold and venturesome to be
left alone to wrestle with the
tumbling rail eats. For paps
again was going to teach school.
"He plowed ssd put la flax.
corn, and a garden, even before
ws had a fence. As the fence
around the house was finished,
we pat la an orchard, papa going
tildaa har bean made m the treat
ment of "Brtghra dlaeaaa". tt etttl
contlnuM to be oae ot our greatest
It Is a menace
that must not be
hCany a person
but Is unaware ot
the ailment untU
tt has beea pres
ent tor a consid
erable time. This
hacanae whea the
disease Is neg
damage Is done
to the body aad
cure Is mad
Lei me warn yu agmlnsi negieot
of this dlsaase. At the same time
may I give you ino comroraaa
thought that not an disorders or tne
kidney are really Brlghfa disease?
Brlghrs disease la a form ec la-
flammaUoa ot the Udncya. No age
Is exempt but It usually afflicts per
sons past middle Ufa.
Heed Nature' Warming
The early symptoms Ot this affltc-
tloa are vagoe and often overlooked.
The victim oomplatns ot frequent
urging, particularly during the nlghi.
H notices that be becomes short of
breath upon the slightest exerUoa.
His work Is done with great dlfllculty
aad he ttres easily. As the disease
advances, headache, nausea, loss of
appetite and disturbance 1a vtsloa.
are other atgns that demand attaa-ttoa.
Xa Brlghrs disease the kidney are
damaged and are unable to do the
necessary work. The damage pro
gresses aad ultimately the kidneys
"shut dowa", refusing to function.
The cause of this trouble varies m
Individual. It may be traced to an
tnfecttoa la early childhood, or to a
complication in the course of a child
hood disease, such a scarlet fever.
It may be due to a weakened system
resulting from some constitutional
of free-lances, a man of the sword, I brought oat a rather crumpled let.
waiting while these two shrewd, ter. Ho had a solemn, ape-iixe xsce,
kaa-jawed men of tho closet whis- and innocent, blinking blue eyes,
pared and schemed together. 1 be to leave the 'oss, sir."
"What are we to make it, Mr. What?"
Crabbe?" Wolfe smothered his surprise,
A nuisance. Tou have no doubts and ripped open the envelope. The
about that, John Wolfe." letter was in Jess's bold and un-
"None. I was down there yes ter- academic writing:
"If a a legitimate ease!" "Dear John: I have sent you Tur-
"You can put your consciences pin. He is mine, and I want you to
Into it." have m. Too have ridden him,
Boxall's nostrils contracted. He and yon. know his little whims and
looked thinner, hunrrier. more vo- moods. Mother is a dear. Do take
racious. I him, and don't be proud. You know
"Whose property is ft, Mr. I what I mean,
Crabbe 1" I "Jess.1
"The Amalekhe! We will smite ( Wolfe sent John Monday down
him." I to "The Crooked Billet1 for some
"A letter of complaint to the I bread and cheese and beer, and
Board of Guardians, eh? A full re-1 mounting Turpin, he rode oat for
port ia The Clarion.' Followed if (Moor Farm.
necessary by pubiie-spirited revels. I This act of Jess's had touched
tions." him very deeply. It was the gen-
Josiah Crabbe took snuff, delib-1 eroua impulse of the child aane-
erately and with sly satisfaction. Itioned by the sympathy of the
That wUI make a beginning, est I woman. But Wolfe felt that he
Throw down the hat!" I could not take the horse, even
"Aad the man Burg ess I" 1 though his refusal might pain Jess
"He is waiting la my study. Wei for the moment.
will have him ia snd eoncoct that! Mary MaaeaO, sitting ia a basket
letter." I chair under the shade of one ox the
Wolfe left to them the haadlinr I cypresses, heard quick footsteps
of Burgess the cobbler, and the I brushing across the grass. Glancing
writing of that letter. lap from the work ta her lap, she
saw Jess before her, face trashed.
lhr mtrrnm haft hi he hand, her
bosom rising and falling with swift.
Josiah Crabbe dined at the old-1 deep breaths.
fashioned hour of twelve, aad it I "Why what la ft, child?
was two o'clock when Wolfs reached I "Mr. Wolfe is coming up the hill.
Eve's Corner. Ho walked round toll was at the white gate and saw
tho back of the white house and as J him."
he unfastened the yard gates hel "Wen, J
heard the impatient stamping of a I "Ho is riding Turpin. I I cant
burse on the bricks of the yard. I see him. rm going out oa the
The green gates, swinging apart, I moor."
showed him old John Monday sit Sudden panic had seized her, and
ting oa aa upturned box and bold-1 she looked elf-like with wild eyes
lag Jess's bone, Tropin, by the land wind-tossed hair. Mary Mas
bridle. The horse was saddled, and I call glanced at her gravely, and
ha bad been groomed tm his coat I was mute. Jess was st the age
shone like the floss oa a new silk I whea the impulses of the child
hat. I bring sudden flashes of alarm to
Wolfe Imagined that John Munthe cheeks of the woman. Her self-
day had brought a message from consciousness, but half -awakened.
Moor Farm. I suffered some boisterous Impulse ta
"Halle, John. Nothing wrong, I slip forth, and then blushed for tt
hope?" land recoiled ia hot confusion. Two
"No, sir. Not as I knows of, sir."! selves stfll lived la Jess, two being
He rose, felt la bis pocket, andl who talked different languages and
thought different thoughts.
Mary Mascall understood. She
could remember much the same
outbursts of enthusiasm, the same
moments of strange panic, the de
sire of the sofVsUnned, sensitive.
and newly-awakened self to flee
away and hide.
"I will see John, Jess."
Oh. do, Mother."
Down at the farm Wolfe was sit
ting beside Jess's mother under the
shade of the cypresses. He had
turned Turpin into the stable for
little Bob Monday to unsaddle him,
and bad brought out a chair from
the house. Mary Mascall's placid
hands were busy with her needle. -
work. She had the restful charm
of a ready listener. Her eyes were
eyes that a man could' look Into
without reserve. He might see
laughter there, a teasing shrewd
ness, but never shallow scorn.
So yoe won take the horse.
He leant forward with his elbow
on his knees, staring at the moor, i
"No. Where is JessT" '
Mary Mascall turned the cloth
she was hernmhtg, and scrutinized
it with her head slightly oa one
side. Then she glanced straight at
"Tou are quite boyish at times.
"I wonder whether yoa know
anything about women." I
"I dont know. Perhaps not.
"Yea rush along so, pushing.
things out of the way. Too are so
terrifically ia earnest Well, ths
child's had a panic,"
"You mean "
"Now, dont you breathe a word.
It's better for me to teU you. She
saw yoa coming, and ran to hide oa
Wolfe looked troubled.
Wolfe turned la his chair, and
looked straight at her. Finally, he
IH take Turpin."
"John, you've got understanding."
(T 111 riialiamS)
Capyricat. l9iL ky Sabot M. fccBrkfe C
Dutribat1 Wf SJae Fcatarai Sradfcatc laa.
Xa adults It may follow pneumonia,
grippe, Influenza, excessive use of al
cohol, faulty diet and nnhyglenlo liv
ing. Ia many cases tt la difficult to
discover the cause.
Have Physical Examination
Persons afflicted with Brlghfs du
ease have high blood pressure, with
arm and thick blood vessels. The
heart la enlarged and works under
I am confident that If the early
atgns of Bright a disease were heeded
and medical attention given Immedi
ately, a great deal of unnecessary
suffering would surely be prevented
Persons whd are overweight com
plain of shortness of breath. Impaired
vialoa and show traces of albumen In
the urine, should have Immediate
medical care and restrictions must be
placed upon the diet
My advice Is for every persoa to
have a complete overhauling by a
physician aad a urinalysis every six
months. This should be done regard
lees of how wall yoa feet "A stitch
la time may save nine."
Answers to Health Qeeries
OL XX Q. Whet will care chronic
A. Consult your doctor for treat-
... Of Old Salem
Town Talks from The SCatee
maa of Earlier Pay
March 7, 1008
Ia the ereat of favorable ac
tion upoa the referended armory
bill by the voters at the June
election, Salem will shortly be
possessed ot a 125,000 building
to house its militia. Captain Mur
phy now heads Company M.
OMAHA, Neb. Yesterday was
"Bryan day" la Nebraska. The
democratic state convention dele
gates pledged themselves to the
candidacy of William Jennings
Bryan for democratic presidential
Making way tor the paving of
State street, workmen yesterday
began the - task ot moving the
electric v.lre poles back within
the curb line and City Engineer
J. W. Perrott started surveying
the car line ia preparation for
paving between tracks to be un
dertaken sooa by the Portland
Railway, Light Power Co.
March 7, 1023
Governor Pierce yesterday re
fused to call the emergency board
to liquidate S1T59 Indebtedness
created by the Oregon tourist in
formation bureau aad the state
exhibit agent ia Portland.
(CowrUlU. UU. X. F. f- tuoj
home oa his back. Whea we got
tho trees la tho ground, s corral
for the cattle, aad whea the cors
sad flag sad sll sorts ot things
begsa to grow sad glory ia their
existence, mother looted oa. aad
said: I tell you, boys, thlags are
Just a-hum minr,!' " .
I Continued tomorrow.)
MOSCOW, Idaho. The Uni
versity ot Idaho basketball team
woa tho Pacific Coast conference
. championship tho second succes
sive seaxoa hers last night by
! detesting the University ot Calif
ornia team. II to 15.
Tho marriage of Miss Csther-
Ise Carson sad Walter Barsch st
Oakland, CsL, will be aa event of
this eveaing st ths horns of the
bride's mother, Mrs. Jobs j
MEETING IS THURSDAY
WACONDA, March C Tho
Community club wUI most Thurs
day. March t, with Mrs. ' Jaillaa
DeJardia, instead ot Tuesday ss
WILLIAMS Off SHIP
8ILVERTON. March C Harold
Williams, ths brother of Mrs. Zra-
: est Starr, has obtained smpioy
meat oav the skis "IHautcraey.'
freighter bound for New York. He
Explorer is Main
Speaker at Meet
Of Mission Group
SILVERTON. March The
Rev. Joha R. Turabull. M. A.,
noted missionary explorer of
Arabia and fellow of the Royal
Geographical society ot England
will be the principal speaker at
the annual Missionary convention
to open at Strvertoa Thursday at
the Christian and Missionary Alli
ance church. The convention will
continue untfl the 12th inclusive.
Other speakers at the conven
tion Include the Rev. W. L Mc
Garrey of Seattle, the Rev. T. C.
Carlson of Soath America and
Miss Affle S moots of Africa.
21 Years Ago
SOUTH POLE DISCOVERED
Prom the Nation's News FUee, Christina, Norway,
Starch 7, 1013
Captain Ronald Amundsen, the Norwegian explorer, announc
es his discovery ot the South Pole which he reached oa De
cember 11; 1911.
Oft numerous occasion we've found Salem residents
surprised to discover that the cost of a complete Rigdon
Service is determined by their choice of furnishings.
r. far distant aad bringing the tree
iprevloasly. announced. .
formerly uved hero.