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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 28, 1931)
80th AnniveksabyiEdition; The. Oregon States mam
I Mounted Volunteers in '55 and '56 Fight Yakimas; LaW of 1 887 Paves Way for
! National Guard; Spanish War and World War Participation Sketched in Article
I Sailiem Men in Matibn s
Prior to the enactment by the 14th legislative session
in 1887 of the Siirnrners law. which cave to' Orecrm its
first real statute providing for a National Guard organiza-
protection against the Indians was necessary or as a result
of patriotic zeal on the part of individual officers and men
who were willing to serve without remuneration and in a
great many instances, reimbursement for expenses for the
sheer desire for military training and the associations that
resulted. ' m ; - i;
; Companies A and B of the Re-O . ; L
eruitlng battalion of the iFirsit 4. .
. , , . T the Battalion under command of
manded by Colonel Thomas Rj
Cornelias are the. first regularly
organized companies- -whose
home station was Salem.. These
companies were commanded by
Captains Harding and tiurch. re
spectively and ft was by means
of these units that men were
famished to the rest of the corn-
Major Carle Abrams left for San
Diego, Calif., where he was to
receive farther orders as to the
f otare station of the battalion.
Upon arrival at S p. m. Jane SO,
Major Abrams was directed to
move sooth to San Diego to the
little town of San Tsidro which
was just across the border from
Tia Jnim M mr-m tk litHillnn
raand organized to ; operate! . , ,
j i ct ivi auuu . nun wrau
against the Yakima Indians and
their allies in 1855 and 1866.
The next record we hare of a
Salem unit is Co. A, 2nd Regi
before being relieved by the
first ballation and rejoining the
regiment In its camp at Palm
City. On August 3, all compo
nent of Infantry also called the Ueftto of the regiment moved to
Marion rules, in is company
came into existence la ; 18 63
and was disbanded about 1869.
One to Three Companies
Here for Years
Following the passage ot the
Summers law and until the mus-
Imperlal Beach, two or three
miles west of Palm City to a new
camp site which had been pre
viously selected and which met
with the unanimous approval of
the command owing to the prox
imity to the Bea and the fine
taring for service in the Spanish I bathine beach
American war. satem always Ota Pursuant to orders from the
from one to three national guard western deotrtmMt received
companies. When the First and j August 31. nil, the Third bat
Second regiments were eonsoll- tallon entrained for nwmU
dated and. mustered-in as the Qn September 2 and mrrir
Second Oregon IT. S. Volunteer I c .
infantry Salem a company; be- the entlr
command cm ro.
came known as Company -Jt; i viewed bv Governor withraMnh.
COLOR BKARERS TOTS 8RI OltEGOW IiKAD, THAT 'FAMOUS REGIMENT
A,, anon ttxm (ir.on(i,Hi.n . 1 wuun dcakeks rno SK.lt iikiwh LEA It
as soon as tne organisation! Th troops la full field equip-) as it starts for Mexican border, ik ioie.
iment. presented a. verr fine in.
ley in Irvlngton park, Portland, pearance in 'this review which September when rumora became
the first contingent of Oregon was witnessed by a Urge crowd, fact and orders were received to
troops to serve oversea depart- amon which war, i m.nv entrain- for eastern points, re-
iur rmiaio ot bh -rran- neonie from Salem paratoy to sailing for. France. On
cisco and there assembled on I r o v . l sntemhr 2 rnmntn. m itii
j. v w-jfMu, A t All IVUII ' . " " '
of the Third Oregon , Infantry! ot&er units of the regiment now
were given their final pay, mus- designated the l2d Infantry of
Ured out of the service and re- lM 41st division, left for Camp
turned to home stations and MI"" II- long to lo remem
their old status I nered a a very? uncomfortable
When the call for trooos waslw,nter np While, at Camp
May IS, im, to await Irans-
portation to the Philippine! Isl
ands. Upon arrival la the Philip
pines on July 1, 1899, Company
K participated in the capture of
Manila. Caloocan. MalabonljSan U,. by Pre.Ident Wilson
Rafael and San Isidro as well as
some other less Important ' en
gagements and expeditions! :
March 25, IS 17. Company M
was again among the first ready
to move flnH rwn TkJ A nn
Following the return of the der commiLnd of CaptaItt meg
R. Neer, the company took sta
tion at Vancouver Barracks
Second Oregon from its .Philip
pine service and muster-out at
San Francisco on August 7,
1899, Oregon set about thev task
of reorganizing the state' forces
and, in the course of this Sa
lem was assigned Company F,
Fourth Infantry which a year or
so later was re-designated Com
pany M, 3rd Infantry and So re
mained until the World war
when the regiment's designation
was changed to the 162 Infantry.
Pursuant to the call ot the
president dated June 18, 1916,
Brigadier General George A.
White, adjutant general of Ore
gon, issued the necessary orders
causing the mobilisation of the
Third Inf., Troop A, Battery A
and the Sanitary company, : at
Clackamas. Company M, com
manded by Captain Max Gehlar,
was the first unit to report
ready for service. It departed
from Salem by rail at 9 a. m.
June 20 and was the first . line
company to arrive at Clackamas.!
Following; the preliminary work
of conducting physical examina
tions, issue of some additional
equipment and Immunization
against typhoid and smallpox the
3rd Battalion, of which Company
M, was a part, was mustered into
the federal service on June 25.
Battalion in South
On the evening of June 27
Mills the regiment was filled up
to war strength and received the
new 1917 rifle and other war
December 12 and 14, 1917,
were fthe sailing- dates of the
162d, M. Company leaving on
which had been designated as J the - latter date land awaking on
the mobilization point for the the following morning to find
regiment and on April 5, 1917. itself out of sight of land, bound
was mustered In the , federal for St. Nazairre.
t A L 1 1 wv -k . a I
uj uiuuei u. u. MCAiex- Followine the - arrival In
ander, U. S. A., later to become prance on December 28, Com-
lamous as xne KocJt of the nnv m n.A.!(A r...
a short time, then to Contres
During the summer of 1917 va- which was to be the sUtion of
nous companies of the regiment most of the, regiment for the
were utilized in performing duration of the war as the 41st
guard duty at vital points in Division had ben designated by
Oregon and Washington and General Pershing a training dl
Company M was moved! to The vision through Which was to pass
Dalles from which point; detach- thousands, of replacement troops
ments were sent to guard bridg- which were j held ' only long
es and tunnels along ths O. W. enough to complete the,ir traln
R. and N. company's Une. ing. This duty, of course, was
; This type of duty engaged the not the kind expected by the
regiment until the latter J part of members of the company whenj
pointment: 26 4 Oak street, Sa
Captaia James R. Kser. who
commaadedi a battalion' of thea
S37th Infantry in the Atgohhe
and First Lieutenant Paul B.
Wallace v were j wounded while
serving in the Argopne, Private
Aubrey P, Jones, who. served In '
the-battlv of the Marne, St. MI-
hlei and Verdun and was killed
In action, October 2 S, 1918.
Marlon ! county sent a total of
2588, - for ' service during the
World war, of this number 72
paid the supreme: sacrifice and
82 were; wounded.:
The tralnlnr of theae freaueat -
and Wrgis groups of 'replacements
wasa very arduous duty and one
that tested the morale of the of- -fleers
and 'men to the uttermost.
Replacements were f usually re
ceived in; quotas; of 500 to 1000
men jnd were divided among the
various training . companies by
Upon receipt of orders to re
turn to the ' United I States the
regiment mofed to Brest on Jan
ilafy 20, lilt, and was there in
spected, preparatory to embarka
tion, by General Pershing on
Februaryj 4; 1911. The regiment
sailed aboard the S. S. Canoplc
on February 8, -1919. and ar
rived in i New York harbor 11
days later. ) From New Yofk the
regiment 'went directly to Camp !
Dix and there went: through the
demobilisation routine and was
mustered ut or the service as a
regiment oa February 19, 1919.
they; held urt their' respective
right hands apd took the oath
but the high type of men com-1 When B. Jones of Salem set
p9""K company idq me rest i "."" nops on nis xarm near
of the reerimenl eounled with the Wheatland: in 188 the hoo indus-
excelieni -.tatLf trointn, tt.. WM comparatively new in Ore-
.11 I ! A .. . .. ton. Kirkwood and Maenus. re-
regunen, jseaid weir collective .pectively. were in the hop raising-
"wm. "Ji f,T neir cnance or pusmess at Wheatland before Mr.
ever realizing their hopes of get- Jonea, as was Ralph Geers near
ting into the front lines was con-cay. A zew hops were raised
cerned. jj, M: f . Jnear Bntterville. r '
vu ppijr lu.inaiTiu- i vys w oe grown in
uals as jnany were transferred to Oregon, as jnear as Mr. Jones can
advance : zones where ample recall, were raised by a man named
proof p : the; loldieriy qualities Wells, whose farm was near Beuna
of Oregon and particularly Sa- Vista. Mr.! Jones has sold hops for
lem men, was Siot lacking. low as three and one-half cents
Typictfl of the valor of Salem's per pound and a hieh an elo-ht.
sons wa SLieu tpnant FraqcU W. J seven cents per pound. r
Mason, rho,: because of his brav-l Thirty-fiye years aro A. W. Nu-
ery and lability f was awarded thejaom set out his first hops on the
distinguished sbrvlce cross, un- William a&aa farm at Waeonda.
J It.. . - 1 . . .. .. 1 W . : .
uer mts lonowiirg ciiaiion: tar. auiom now nas a small acre-
"Francis Mason, second age on his place here, r
lieutenant, 328jh-Infantry.: For Before the use of wire for trl-
extraordlnary ; heroism in action Uea fiie hops were trained en coles
tr. ! n . I .V A A m. m . . - .
oi,i ueurjM, j ranee, ucto-1 "wut cweniy,zeec in height. Bav
ber 22, 918. Ille led a patrol elinsja of burlap sacks were used
of mea thrdugh a woods in order I instead of twine ahd la. the spring
te envelope! thefenemy's position.! at training time the vine was -ivn
Advancing J nndjer heavy shell a atari up the pole by the nse of
nre, mis officer was severely the strin. i At harvest time the
wounded,, ! but; displaying excel-1 vine was cut and the note f-.mn.
lent leadership! and unusual jfrom?the ground and placed oVer a
bravery, he i cob tinned the ad- hopper, the Weight of the Dole rest.
vauce jino succeeded In occunv. ing- oa a wooden "home " tk ka.
lng the woods- Residence at ap-jper consisted jof a frame about 14
I feet lonar frrvmrA uw j
COMPANY iM, ENTRAINING FOR AMERICAN II akf t iik; a caP cot
O ... : -
Tnkisa abMt 1W. 'prior te nnMr neampmeni. --copynf etj i tourtpj Cronio Si.dio.
OFFICERS, FRONT ROW) X.ZfT TO RIOHT: CAPT. CHARLUS A. MfRPHT- FlrtST TTTJTFViKT 7utvw .
&0LMAS; SECO.NI LIi.L"CJiANT CARLE ABRAMS. rm' Xi.'s r ,,LILTEANT : WJIITNET lu.
with ends closed. After flllins- the
hopper the contents were emntied
into a measuring box of nine bu-
anel capacity or 100 pounds.
From this the hops Were emptied
into a sack. (The sacks were hauled
in wagons to the dryer I where the
hops were spread out on the floor
of the kiln riom and dried in much
the same manner as they are now.
j A new drying-process, the hot air
dryer, has been invented by Frank
Needham of Salem, bui for the
most pert the farmers use the old