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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 10, 1930)
; f The OREGON STATES2IAN, Salesu Orercn, Wednesday Hernia?; December 10, 193D "
Vo Favcr Steaix Us: No Fear Shall Awe?' -r:
1 From First Statesman. March 23, 1S51 - -
t THE STATESMAN PUBJJSHING CO. .
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Chakles A. SntACtrs '. ' -, - Ediior-ilanagtr
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tion of ail am iHxratrbes credited to it or sat othrwte credited ta
this paper.. . . ' : : .
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pffi tlSS. Commertial Street. . ' J
V SUPSCRIPTION RATES: '
'J Mall. Sul-serlptlon Rat, In Advance. Within Oregon: Dally and
Sunday, t Mx 5 rents; 3 It. fl.SS Ma tUt: 1 yw Else
where cents per Mo. or I5.S for 1 rr In adranca.
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? Time Not Essence of College Contract ;
PRESIDENT ehins, the youthful prexy at the Univer
sity of Chicago, is announcing- a program by 'which the
university will become an institution of learning rather than
just a BiL factory. College degrees will be awarded not
merely upon completion of four years of work,, but upon
evidence that the people have really assimilated something.
Time ia not the essence of earning a degree, the test being
whether: the work has been .successfully done.
: Just how this will set with the lounge lizards and the
sorority house ahieks has not been- disclosed,1 The "rah, rah"
Journalists have not yet given the plan the once over. An
editorial writer in the St, Louis Post-Dispatch, thinks Pres.
Hutchins baa reckoned without his constituency when he
thus gums, up the works of class numerals and class me
morials, commenting as follows : j - - ;. .
True enough,' the natter of examinations and grading will
require attention In the -establishment of the University of
Chicago's timeless system of. education, -bat the farther Presi- '
- dent Hutchins aisd his fellow - workers rgs Into the experiment
the clearer ft will, be that there are many other fixtures tradi
tional in college, life whose alteration la of grayer consequence.
Take for instance the class-daffces. A-leading-argument la tavof
ef the f oar-year system. The green freshman frost Silo Springs
has never been te anything but a barn dance until be escorts -his
first sorority-pledge blind, date to th Freshman Frolle, or
'frantic,' n it U more property knowa: on some campuses.
Tear by year, through the Sophomore Cotillion and the Junior :
v Prom, tbe metamorphosis takes plaice sntil oa the night of the .
Senior BaU a Hntsned . product,., consummate in : a' tuxedo, he
steps on clouds In the grand march and glides about from star
to star In an ethereal whirl of satins, end shawls, system
which can work . a - wonder like that must net, be discarded
without serious thought.
Then there are the yearlings' green" caps, the Jackets which
belong to graduation year and the other paraphernalia of class
dress. Does President Hutchins think he can -dismiss them "with ,
the ware of a hand? Also, be had better -give -some thought to
what will become of senior benches, class fences and the like,
or be will hare chaos on his. hands. If be abolishes freshmen,
how does he suppose the Greek letter nameplate will get ahln
ed, the phone and doorbell answered, senior laundry bass car
ried to the campus posteffice,: floors waxed, books returned to
the library or Anything else done around arfraternlty houseT
. ' We submit -President Hutehlns doesnt know what shoals lie
ahead of him' V , !
SCAR Garrison Viuard,
Germany, describes the
that country; millions unemployed, destitution . prevalent,
despair taking hold of the people. Yet with the hunger and
want which abound everywhere the German tariff on wheat
has been increased fourfold in the past year. Villard writes:
The great land barons, although they are protected by tar
iff s twice as high as those they had before the war, demand
still higher tariffs." ... . . ' : ; ;
, In the market news of Sunday's Oregonian there was
this significant paragraph: i
"Germany has. extended ' through January the compulsory : (
milling regulations requiring the milling of "8 ft -per cent of na
tire wheat and has amended the bread law to make compuls
ory the utlllxatlon of 30 per cent of rye flour tin wheat loares -abore
200 grams and te permit the utilisation of 10 per cent
ef potato flour In bakery, goods.; Restaurants and hotels are'
v permitted to use only rye bread.'" :
How indescribably silly all this seems German people
starving and even those .able to buy food having to eat a
-loaf hose flour is. 30 rye flour. It reads like the flour
restrictions of war times.. .. . , : r- . '.
. . Yet in.the United States, in Canada', in Argentine, in
Australia - millions upon millions of bushels of wheat are
piled up in warehouses, offered at prices unbelievably low,
the lowest since the panic days of the 90's. In France the
wheat price is around $1.70 because : France too has prac
tically barred importation of wheat through high tariffs and
compulsory milling restrictions. The wheat price in Ger
many must be nearly the same. In England, where there is
no tariff, the price is 82c at seaports. ; 1
The anomaly, of this situation should be apparent to
everyone, farrier tariffs are one factor (not the only one
by any means) but -an important factor in the world-wide
. depression which President Hoover unctuously says is worse
in other countries than our own. With a world tottering on
the brink of economic chaos we cling to the now outworn
political theories of Mark Hanna days. I v : ,
If congress would stop appropriating hundreds of mll
- lions for 'relief" and initiate steps for a 'lower and - more
rational tariff, the country and the world might take heart
again. . . - :.,-
' . Cathedral Not a Vaudeville
BEN Lindsey deserved to be: bundled miceremoniously out
of the. cathedral of St John the Divine following his
absurd antics in trying jto turn a church service into a joint
debate. He had no more business trying to make his reply
to Bishop Manning there than: some agitator has to get up
' in the middle of a. political meeting and denounce -the speak
er; less in fact, because this was the bishop's own service
in his own church. r : ; ,-
Lindsey hasn't been denied privilege of answer. He can
hirs his own hall, drum up his own crowd, write his own
books and magazine articles. He has barnstormed 6ie coun
try with bis. bedate on companionate marriage, addressing
big crowds without any interference from anyone. His pub
lished books have circulated widely. i ' - r
Lindsey claims Bishop Manning lied about him. That
surely isn't the first -experience of the. IdndV ha has en
countered in his long and turbulent public career. If he
made a monkey out of himself every- time some one de
nounced his theories he'd have been put in a cage long ago.
Perhaps Lindseywas indulging Jn a little stage play.
He may have wanted to boost the sales- of .his book or to
work up some new lecture dates. By fabricating a little tin
- halo of cheap martyrdom around his head maybe he thought
he could pump up the gate' receipts. 1 H
- 'Many will denounce the church for its exhibition of
bigotry; but that is nothing new either. People ho go to
their own church want to hear their own doctrines without
any disturbers edging in a few words. Lindsey knew ec
clesiastical tolerance enough not to dare it in such an un
ceremonious and uninvited fashion. If Lindsey wants to de
bate the bishop he ought to ehaHenge iuni. Until he does
he -win have to confera to crdinary ' decorum either in a
church or a hall wKere it is the other" man's meeting.
Now wo are learalss wtat :that 'treelom ot speech? plank, in
tin Joseph platform ccazt: tree talk orer.tho telephone without
cost to the taxpaysra. ,
mttia it. awl mi-tit hhik
writing to The Nation from
prevailing critical conditions in
- t '
By C C. DAUER. M D..
llarion County .Health1 Unit
One ef the most common com'
plaints that n mother has con
cerning ier child Is that ahe can
not get aim to oat. .This Is espe
cially true with aa only child or
with an oyer anxious parent. Fro-
Queatly one hears the story that
tnonaraer tbe parent trtee the
less the child oats. One thing
leads to another until themother
becomes frantic In her attempts
to ImproTe the appetite . of bier
child. ; - i ; ' :
The problem is nearly -always
a' psychological owe. yet It to Im
portant that tbe child first be ex
amined - by the family physician
to exeludo the possibility of any
disease. Badly infected tonsils
and adenoids, bowel onsets In In
fants, one set of some infectious
disease and -many other diseases
may be the cause of a lack of ap
petite. If so, thejie conditions
must first be corrected and there
is an Immediate return, to normal
appetite. i s ' .
' Nearly ereryone baa observed
the perrerse character . of chil
dren.. esneeinUV- thoan abent two
or three years of age. He wants
to do exactly the thing yon ask
him not to do or does, not do
what you askr hlm. This" Is espe
cially true mo far aa the child's
eating Is concerned; that. Is, he
refuses to eat what you ask him
to eat The best policy is to make
as few remarks aa possible, mere
ly set the food before him and
from force of habit ' he wul eat
the- food. The child yery easily
senses any anxiety on the part of
the parent and he immediately
shows this perrerse -streak by re
fusing to eat. . He often -gets a
"real kick" out of stirring up his
mother by. refusing to eat. So the
best T plan is to- keep -tlu. gire
him a certain time to. eat and
then remore -hla plate no matter
how much be bee eatea.. As soon
as he realises how nttle hla par-,
ant cares he is apt to eat just to
"show them." -s
A common fault Is to contin
ually , make comments to ' others
in the presence of the chUd about
hi lack-of appotite. Soon the
child Is. made-to bellere that he
really is as .had aa be is painted.
A good rule to make Js. aerer to
make comments -. conee ruing any
fault in the presence of the child.
Staffing: food or forcing : the
child to eat la a rery poor way to
get him. to eat. It Is sure to lead
to more . serious consequences.
The child soon deretops aa aver
sion to comiar to a meal' Instead
of , approaching the meal with
Often a child-will not eat cer
tain food, because - one or both of .
the parents refuses - to eat that
particular article of diet. Many a
parent has learned to eat jplnach
or some other green vegetable in
order not to set a bad example to
the child. .The parent should nev
er make- any remarks about' not
liking certain foods because the
child will sooa. believe . that he
too will not' like them.:
Drugs or medicines except cod
liver oil : should never be- given
to stimulate a child's appetite ex
cept when ordered by a physician. '
Usually .one can . help the child
without the use of: medicines ex
cept, of course,: where tome dis
ease exists. Common sense and : a
great amount of patience go fur
ther than any other aids In this
difficult situation. : f
; .... Of Old Oregon
Town Talks from Tbe States
man. Onr Fatbere Bead -
December 10, 1905 .
J. F. Uaruh, North Oak and
Broadway,, sustained . bruises to
his body and limbs when a stag
ing in a nswly constructed build
ing collapsed. . (
' The Sisters ' of the Sacred
Heart Academy are baring the
street lawn in front of their
property on Cottage street com
pleted - and a new cement curb
put In. . ; - . - - :
Several - Salem firms - were
among the successful .bidders -on
the "lobs of Temodellng, repairing
and. renovating- some ef the a"ov
emment - buildings - at Chemawa.
Among: them were: A. It. yraser.
Capital Improvement . company,
frank M. Brown and the Chas.
K. - Spauldlng company.
Oregon. Cedar Camp No, EZIS,
Modern Woodmen ot America,
elected the following- officers: W.
W. HUU venerable consul; S. C.
Bodley. adriser:. E. E.- i II aliens
banker; F. LL Buell, escort; F. A,
Turner, - clerk; L. C Hockett.
watchman; .E. L, Xrrln, , sentry;
A." Lw .Brown, manager for, ' two
years; - Prof. M. Davis,- manager
for three years, t...- ,- m 1
One number exceeds another
number by T. If f times the
smaller be diminished -by- S times
the larger, the remainder Is. .
What are the numbers? Today's
answer, tomorrow. ; Yesterday's
answer: SO. feet.
SCIO, Dec ! The Ladies Aid
society of the Christian church
held a bazaar Saturday In. -the
vacant store building - aext- to
: A turkey dinner was served at
noon, llany beautiful and useful
articles were sold netting a alee
sum for the society. - . - s ;
" GOia TO SWESX
PLEASANT VIEW, Dec 1 .
Mrs. Susan Neal Of OakrlJre, who
has been visiting -here with rela
tives for the past three weeks, has
gone Tto. Sweet Home to visit her
son and daughter-la-law, Ur. and
Mrs. Arris Neal and her nephew,
Hugh Cook, who are eperatlsg a
pool kail and restaurant at that
' - III I n, L.
s - v -6 3)
: ? 'l, f 'At
JCVDr CT T riU"
Nancy HoUenbeek is the young
and beautiful daughter of a poor
but socially accepted family, she
Is warned by her mother against
marrying poverty Nancy, becom
ing cynical, gives up - handsome
Mat Tully and begins aa affair
with: Jack' Beamer. . married ; to
wealth. Jack plans to divorce bis
wife and marry Nancy. On a trip
to Yellowstone. Nancy meets Ro
ger Decatur, a ranger.' The Por
ters, . rien but ami relatives, ar
rive. .-Nancy plans to use them
as chaperones oa a mountain trip
to meet Roger. I He appears the
first night. The Porters are uot
pleased. Nancy and Roger-take
long rides over the , mountain
trails. .They fall in love, bat
Nancy tells ROger she will oar
marry for wealth. She prepares
to leave the mountain camp.
Thr butler idea helped, v ThU
time next year she wouldn't be
salvaging old clothes. She would
leave - them . for the maid: vita a
nice little apology about the mad;
This little dress, is a sight
stlU it was awfully expensive, and
it wul be sweet when it Is fresh
ened again . . . I wonder if you'd
care to bother? . It ' should Just
fit you " Nancy bad long since
decided not : to be patronizing
with servants, like Mama and
Mrs. Craig, nor snippy like Aunt
EUle. r She would be chummy,
like Gil Neal's mother, who was
so Important socially that she
could afford to ask about the
waiter's wife and cuddle the
washlady's baby .....
She even whistled, almost con
tentedly, while she got into her
traveling - dress,, .biscuit-colored
crepe de chine that wouldn't show
the dust, - and - pulled : the wide
brown straw hat over her, russet
wares. Butcher knees .felt weak
again when sow thought of trying
to explain to Roger, Roger would
n't understand.'. . . j ;
I She found him by the deserted
corral, his -long, graceful . body
propped against a fence post,
blond, uncovered bead ehtntng In
the sua. . Tbe last mule train was
Just disappearing around the
bend:.;-- - ,j '; : - -:
He was. unashamedly reUered
to' sea hen T didn't know what
to think when you didn't ahow
up. "I was afraid you were mad
; His bright blue eyes rested oa
her with, love and longing.. "Now
that you're aere,? they said,
"nothing matters not eyea miss
ing our ride." - " - .
; . Nancy. o.uinned. It was going
to be even harder that - ahe- had
thought. - Oh, no . why should
X be - angry t" - she murmured,
avoiding his-eyes.. : f .
"But ao ride todayT You're. all
dressed up! Well, X tell you
what, IT1 get mr car and: we'U
have a picnic Maybe 111 do a
Uttle fishings- v ' .
-I couldn't Roger; not today. I
wouldn't hare time I Just have
a few minutes. . . . This is good
bye." She tried to say it lightly.
"I've ditched, the damned porters
too much, so they're ditching me.
I'm going back to Tosemlte oa the
morning, stage." -
-YOU WHAT?" .
Tm going back to Aunt Ellis
at the Awahnee. What else -CAN
X dot ; The Porters wont take me
on -.with them I. angled tor aa
Invitation hard enough. Oh,. Ro
ger,. Isn't it BEASTLY? When
we were having, such a "perfect
time Swear for see. won't yon?"
US said slowly. "Too wouldn't
go-back now if yoa cared lor me
as I do lor you. You know Z
cant my lob"
-I can't help it." -:
"You promised " -
; c "No I dldat not really. I
meant I'd go on with the Porters
because they were going, but
don't you see that I can't now?
Ifs -because I spent every minute
here with, you that I'm not want"
ed to go on. Good' heavens, did
n't" I move heaven, and earth to
even get to Tuolomnev Meadows
ha' the first place? J, cant keep up
this mad tearing all over after
you. You'll hare to get another
girt1 ..-..,.- . -
THE STU1VIBLING BLOCIi
7 ,; ..
1 L-jS V
StUl he leaned against the
fen-co pulling at a piece of leather
in his hand. His arrogant shoul
ders were drooping. The light
had gone out of his bright eyes.
Quite suddenly Nancy knew
she couldn't bear the thought of
another girt tor htm. "Help me,
help me!" she prayed to the God
she ..bothered so seldom. "Help
me now keep me from crying
all over him!"
She beat her hands . together
weakly. "Couldn't, we couldn't
we go somewhere and. talk?"
He looked at her lizard ckia
pumps. ' "Spoil your shoes." '
"Well, then in your car. I
have more than two .hours, ana
I'm all packed can't we have
those last two hours, Roger?" .
If yoa like."
Methodically be pulled the can-'
vas that served for garage off his
battered roadster. Fished a large
not overdeaa rag out of the back
and dusted the -seat. "Not any
too de luxe, Nancy. Sure ., you
wont spoil your-drees?"
"It doesnt matter." .
Shedalmbed in;' and he started
the motor. . Expertly be - backed
the little car out of its parking
place between .: two trees,' larned
into the road, drove fast as chuck
holes would permit, past swampy
meadows yellow with cream eupe,
over small streams, around fallen
timber. ;. ,: v.
"This isn't a very good road,
but U's kind of pretty." His one
contribution ta conversation.
Nancy. bad nothing to say,
either. She sat bolt upright, a
fixed smile curving her red lips,
eyes straight ahead.
The family would have' knowa
that something: was happening to
Nancy. Something, new and
strange, and" a little, frightening,
Her velvety brown eyes, sweet
and shallow, had turned dark
and faintly startled, Here in
the mountains, with' the wind
whipping her soft hair into tumbl
ed ringlets, and without her-accustomed
careful make-up, she
was - younger, : more appealing.
Her pose was- shattered. She was
n't -euro ot herself any more.
"I eaoaldat nave-come,", she
was-thinking. "It wUl only make
ft harder . . I shouldn't even
hare said good-bre. . . I hare the
rotteoest luck, always liking the
wrostg people. .- . This" Is worse
than any of them . . , a -ranger
; .'. If I didn't feel so terrible I
could laugh . . v losing my head
over a ranger, and Jack Beamer
counting the mlantes - until I get
back . . . it's so hard .... I'm
such" a fool , . - -
: He-stepped the ear. la a sandy
g-ully that sloped down ; to the
river. :,j';rr .,.:.-'-...,' -:::';
8he looked down at the llsard
skin pumps. Her last decent
shoes. How the family, would
gasp over all the -ruined clothes.
"Yes let's." Why think ot
shoes- when ' you're tasting year
last hour of madness, going bsck
in a few short moments to sanity,
and-a common sense-marriage?'
GaUantly she stepped into the
soft sand, climbed over a. bould
er, slid down-a rock path. .
"Wait 111' help yen." .
So. independent to the last, she
increased her pace, slithered over
some long; lush grass and sat
with more -emphasis than she bad
intended -on a - grassy shelf, lust
out of the spray from a minia
ture Vernal Falls,
Gravely he dropped down be
side her, bis brown, slender band
covering one of hers. -
"See. there- are : violets nere
little teeny tiny white- ones, Ja
the grass!" sho cried, Just -to -be
saying something. . -He
looked at her, long and in
tently, so that her color rose, and
she- looked away, pretending to
."Help met He!p; me!" ahe
formed the - words silently, mov
ing', her- Ups, but even as - ahe
prayed bo knew she was beyond
help. Ito-ger.JDecaturS'.arms were
closing -around her. His mouth
was on hers.
"I do lore you V she whisper
ed. "I do I do!" And' clung to
him, sobbing as she haa't cried
since ahe was a chill. Zlaney, who
li m a
4 i .
had long since decided love was
Just one of Mother Nature's
tricks, and' nothing -was- worth
crying over, anyway.
For years to come the-faint
woody smell of fresh violets was
to fill her with exquisite torture
longing regret. .
The car was all ready, plenty
of oil and gas, tires -tested, lug
gage neatly packed. Essie- and
Gladys were sitting in the back
seat, mannish straw hats straight
on their heads, feet firmly plant
ed, waiting. Mrs. Porter was also
For .the second time la ten
minutes Mr. Porter lifted the
hood, of the engine. He seemed
loath to start," "Well, I. guess it's
all right. We can go now," he
said. - .; Y.yl--,;.;-
"AU ri-ht! Of- course it's all
right!" his wife snapped. She
glared at him, suspicion la her
china blue eyes. "I told yon that
before you looked. Why should
n't it be all right, a fine engine
like that? And if you're .holding
up our whoje trip for that Nancy
HoUenbeek. you got a Ions wait,
Herman, and the girls and I will
go insiae again. You needn't
think she'll come- to say rood-
bye. Not that one. We ain't so
ciety enough for her. But a tough
hostler , "
"Ranger, mama," Gladys! cor
rected. , i
Anyhow; a common ranger Is
good enough. Such ideas. I was
opposed from the first. Why can't
you girls ' be company for each
-other? Always wantlnar others.
and what for? Whenever it's
strangers. Ifs Just . the same.
Didn't the neighbor, kids break
that pink tea: set Uncle t Ben
brought from New York last win
ter? Real genuine Havlland china
it was,, and that bottle of 4 Ger
man eoiogne the ' same way
smasnea, the very nrst thing "
"Mama, dear, that was years
M " ....
"Always .the same. Always get
ting lmpoeed on, this family. I
nope this teaches you a lesson.
When -1 see Mrs. Watson again
I'll have something, to ssy" :
"Mama, please" ,;:,''; , :. -'. I - :-T;
"Mama, you dba't care how
you hurt us f-Essie was close to
tearaV i -
"I don't care, it is a shame the
way that girl treated you tike
dirt. 'I am going to speak my
bum atrs. Witioa. Yes,. I am.
I mean it. My conscience wouldn't
let mo do any different. If it was
pae of my girls-I'd expeet ber to
do it to met". Mrs. Porter's flow
ery toque wobbled on the back of
her bead, two bright spots burn
ed in ber cheeks - -
vSo." Mr. Porter murmured,
with a last lingering look toward
the anvas cabins from which he
had been momentarily expecting
Nancy to emerge. But she was
not in sight, so he steoned on th
starter and blew a long; melodi
ous farewell on the horn, effect
ively- orownlnr out further con
versation. - - '
The Porters, rid or their unan
preclatlre .guest, were pa their
way. -,,, -
t " .- e e e .
"Love at first s!a-ht.", Rorer
was murmuring, and the war his
voice- broke oa the words -made
Nancy's eyes brim afresh and the
pouaoug start again in her heart.
"I thought it was a Joke X didn't
know It ever happened, but, my
dear, it does. It does "..
She- lifted her head from, bis
shoulder and began to rub a din
gy powder puff rather ffutilely
over bar pink nose. "I know
it's t-terrible. But well get over
it. r .--
"Get over it?" ho echoed,
laushlng, but ahe-did not laurh.
srjjras erring ajala, helplessly.
iis two nancs pTipped her shoul
ders roughly. "Look here. -girl,
what are you sayia?? Who's go
lag to get over It?" "
"B-EotSu cf us." ''sail. Nancy.
and.laU her wet facs trtlnst t!ai
i -'.-yK ?
coai sieeve again.
- - CTo be continue!).. .
BITS for BREAKFAST
By It J. HENDRICKS
Slavery in Oregon:
Most readers of the Bits for
Breakfast column know there
waa slavery In the old - Oregon
country. Leria and Clark found
many Indian slaves; eo did later
comers. Jason Lee, after became
in 1SS4. had k family of Indian
slaves wished upon him by Dr.
MeLoughlin. who suggested that
he take them In as wards at the
old mission, lft miles below what
a V '
Jason Lee. was willing, but
they must -first be given their
freedom. That was agreeable to
Dr. SfeLoegblln. So slavery waa
abolished in Xh- Orerea Country,
by Jason Lee and Dr. MeLeughUa
who stood for all the' law inhere
was then -one representing the
Stars and Stripes and the other
But negro " slaves came, after
that. Captain Clark had with him
York, his alave and body guard
a negro of -large sixo and great
strength.' Negroes came with the
first covered wagon- trains
slaves. John P. Gaines, the sec
ond governor of the Oregon ter
ritory, though be was a whig,
brought a number of. slaves, ar
riving August IS, 1860. He kept
them at his "governor's mansion"
on bis donation claim, near what
la now the -Skyline orchard. He
bad regular quarters for the
glares, back of the "mansion.'"
and a number of them died and
were burled on the place. - Tbe
"mansion" stUl . stands, thougb
the slave Quarters bare long
since disappeared "
. Tn the late fifties and early
sixties, Salem though -then a town
bf less than 10U0 people (the
census of 1870 showed only L
lSt), bad more negroes than the
present city of IS.SOO -has. They
were former slaves and their chil
dren. -The "Little Central"
school house, that stood on a part
of the ground of the present sen
tor high school, was built tor ne
gro children; for in those days
the- white -people- would not al
low their children to attend a
school in which there were col
ored youngsters. The ''Little Cen
tral." was a "Jim Crow" school
house at first.
V V V
There was another time in the
history of Salem when this city,
though ft had only 2600 to 8000
people (the census of 1880 show
ed 2538), harbored a larger col
ored population than it does now.
It was In the late eighties and
early nineties. The condition was
brought about partly by the com
ing of R. S. Wallace, father of
our Paul Wallace. His sister waa
a missionary teacher in the
south. Due to that fact, Mr. Wal
lace brought e number ot negroes
from the section of the south
where his sister worked,
I i : ;
He came In 1884 or. 18S&:
bought the water system.-started
the Capital National (now the
First National) bank, and opened
up the extensive Wallace orch
ards over la Polk county. .He pro
vided quarters for the negroes,
and they worked in the orchards.
The negroes in that period main
tained a church, of which Rev.
Geora-e Wasbinartoa was pastor.
It was located' out In North Sa
lem; not far from the- present
Highland school. George Wash
ington was a sincere Christian
For a long time, up to 1884,
HI Gorman, a: giant negro, who
had been a slave, was the motive
power of -The- Statesman.- He ran
the press, and counted out the
papers. He could count up to 10.
No more. But 1ft tens made a
hundred so he got along all
right. Old Hi went before the ma
chine age, with a steam engine
to run the press. He had a numer
Hi could bold more bad whis
key than most ot the hard drink
ers of even those days, when, a
man. like the Scotchman, was
never drank as long as he could
lie on the earth without roUlng
off. Hi was proud of bis children
-more especially of the members
or the ram.Uy who were more
white (or yellow) than the oth
ers. (Though .he had never
heard of "Scarlet SUter Mary" or
- . j
The negro population of Salem
la 1IZ0 wai given la the census
as 82; 22 - males and 21 fe
males.. But it must be remember
ed that a person for census pur.
poses with any negro blood at all
is classed as a negro.- The south-
era members i of congress look
out for that.
su SL ". . :
wnen tne race- tabulations are
finisaed at Washington for the
JUST A SAMPLE OF OUR USUAL
63 lb. sacks,.
i 3 ft. sacks,
HcIIcd 0t5, GO lb.
A cc;l:ts clcds cf Hay
'.i . A.T7iiit2 & Sons
1SS0 census, it will be found that
there are not . as many negroes
here as there were 10 years ago;
not a total of 63. The Oregon
census book for 1120 does not
list the Indian. Chinese. Japan
ese ("and ail other." meaning all
such,) population ef Salem sep
arately but bunches them at
124. There is practically no In
dian population here now; that
Is, full bloods, as there was In the
And we have few Chinese,
though we bad a real "China
town" la the eighties and nine
ties, and top to less than 20 years
ago. The eld "China towa" was
on State street, the north aide,
from Liberty to Court. Salem in
those days had at one tune per
haps as many as 500 Chines res
idents. But we hsve more Japan
ese than ever. We perhaps have
more than 124 "all such" now;
but they- are mostly Japanese. --
Thus it will be seen that Salem
is almost a 10ft per cent white
city, and nearly as completely aa
American city. We have practic
ally no "foreign born," as the
term means for the' big eastern
cities people who still speak the
languages - of their home coun
tries, and maintain their old cus
toms and ways of living. Our
"foreign born" have been natur
alised, most of them, and their
children have already all! been
made orer in the "melting pot."
: - f .
All tbe above was suggested by
an article tbe Bits man finds In
the Oregon Historical Society
Quarterly for March to June,
If If. in which Fred Lockley pre
sented "Some Documentary Rec
ords of Slavery la Oregon."
He said: "Though Oregon is
far north of the Mason and Dixon
line, yet slaves were held in Ore
gon in the days ot tbe provision
al government." He could, of
course, have added that slavery
(Indlann slavery) was customary
before the ' days of the provision
al government, and that negro
slavery existed in the territory
at least up to the summer of
(This will be continued tomor
Mission Group ;j
HAZEL GREEN, Dec. ft The
Women's missionary association
Will have new adventures. ("Trav
eling in Porto Rico. Thursday,
December 11, at 2 o'clock at the
G. G. Looney home.
The program will be:
Worship service, "As a witness
I must render loving service,"
Rer. 8. A. Long. f.
"An American Stranger Under
the Stars and Stripes," Mrs. C. A.
Van Cleave. "
"A Land ot Beauty," Mrs. W.
"Finders No Longer Keepers,"
Mrs. Orrnie Luckey. j
"Learning to Know the Porto
Ricans," Mrs. Pearl Van Cleave.
"Crops, Crops, ETery where and
Very Little to Eat," Mrs. Louis
Christmas 'songs; quarterly
business meeting; -President Mrs,
Iris Van Cleave la charge.
HUBBARD, Ore.. Dec. ft The
seventh ' and . eighth grades en-
Joyeda party in the musts room
at the school house Friday even
ing. . Merry games followed by
refreshments made a Jolly even
ing for all. t
J. R. Bldgood. superintendent
of - the high school and grades,
was in charge of the party in the
absence ot the teacher. Earl E.
Rlnehart, who was called to Albany-
on business. -
Pupils present were Iris Moo-
maw, Bessie, Jessie and Gladys
IngtllsMIldred Coleman. Edith
Ainsworth, Freda Voget, Helen
Claypool Gordon Rich, James
Bldgood, John DImlck. Lester
Barrett,- Robert Beckman, Wil
liam Cutting and William Heck-
CUE3T AT AURORA
AURORA, Dee. I Mr. and
Mrs. William Abel of Canby and
Mr. and Mrs. Chester GUbreath.
and daughter Joan, motored to
Vancouver, wash. Sunday to vis
it the parents of Mrs. Abel and
Mrs. Gllbreath. A recent guest of
the Gllbreath home waa Esther
Hermans, ' assistant secretary of
we cnamper of
cam m area at
Longview, Washington., j
1C3 lb. sacks.
1C3 l czdL3,
tzj ZItzm a priec