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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 12, 1930)
,PAG2 TCUTt :
ITC1E TO REVOLT
"7a PiiiUi CtiMiM Tfal
-1 yrom sires. races Mian, jaarcn -as, xsai ;
Chasjxs A. Swicur,' bix&on F. Saooett, Pi(&2wAr
Chauxs A. Spkaoub -. Editor-Manager
: SHADOW F. BACKETT ' - - - Uanaging-Bditor
!umber of tbo Associated Press
The A relate Press I ecctasively entitled to tB.se for publi
cation T a Mws dispatches credit to It er Mt otherwise cydHo
In this paper.
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Eteredat the PoeUffice at Salem, Oregon, at Socondr&asa
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office 215 S. Commercial Street.
Ma a Subscription Bates, In' Advance. Within Oregon; Bally and
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where 60 cents per Mo. or $5.00 lor 1 year la advance,
: By City Carrier: SO cents a month: S5.60 a year In advance. Per
Copy 3 cent. On trutna, and News Stands S cents.
, 'Lincoln's Birthday
TODAY is Lincoln's birthday. It is 121 years since he was
born in a Kentucky cabin. It is nearly sixty-five years
since his death.. But Time does not efface his memory. On
this anniversary of his birth his name is honored not only
in' the country for whose unity he suffered martyrdom, but
throughout the civilized world. Springfield has lifted a no
ble shaft over his tomb. Chicago has put his features in the
crcathless bronze of Saint Gaudens. A nation has reared at
Washington a memorial of marble that will honor Lincoln
through, the ages. Even more enduring than these is the
place which Lincoln occupies in the hearts of his country
men. His greatness is respected and his noble character is
loved. A man of the people, millions speak his name in rev
erence and admiration.
I The story-of Lincoln's life has been told and retold.
. Children love to hear of his boyhood, of his hardships, his
struggle for an education, his
ing f latboat, his efforts at law practice, his ventures and
success in the field of politics, his wise leadership in a time
of grave crisis. Over and over again has the story been told,
as perhaps none other has been save that of Jesus. The story
is one of the epics of America.
Fortunately while there have beeri many myths grown
up about Lincoln they are not so absurd as some which clus
: tsr about Washington. Fortunately for us, photography has
given us many likenesses of Lincoln, and historians wrote
his biography who were more honest than Parson Weems
and Jared Sparks. We think however that some of Lincoln's
id-osyncrasies have been exaggerated, and some of his char
acteristics have been overdrawn.
' Thus Lincoln has been regarded by many as a crude, un
couth, ungainly fellow, some rustic boor. His political enemies
sought to give that report and the effete east was shocked at
the news of his nomination. Such a description may have
fitted him in his early years, and through his life his great
height frequently made him appear awkward and ungainly.
But Lincoln possessed also a dignity and a manner that
made hira socially quite acceptable. When he rode from New
- Salem to Springfield on a borrowed horse, his possessions
in a pair of saddle bas, Lincoln was typical of thecpuntry
; lawyer of his day. But in a surprisingly short while he had
. stormed the high citadel of Springfield society and captured
, in marriage one of its most famous belles. Dr. W. E. Barton
writes of his participation in Springfield society thus:
"Almost immediately on his arrival in Springfield he was toast-
ed at banquets tor his share" in' bringing the capital of the state to
hat city. Before Terr long he was invited to parties and balls. He
. habitually attended these events. Toung women were always inter
ested in him, though they were inclined to resent his habit of with
: drawing groups of young men who gathered about him and listened
to his stories. He danced rarely and not very gracefully. Still he
had a certain dignity of his own. and there was a kind of grace
that Inhered in his very awkwardness. In a pleasant social environ
; &nt he responded to the stimnlus of congenial companionship, and
: almost forgot his great hands and feet. . . In the early days of his
residence in Springfield we find his name prominent among the so
' cial leaders of that city. The local papers mentioned him frequently
.'.at social gatherings. A printed invitation is preserved in the library
; of the Chicago historical society of a cotillion party at the American
'bouse at seven o'clock p. m. on December 17, 1839. The invitation
t signed, by sixteen 'managers.' Among them are Ninlan W. Ed
it ards, John A. McClernand, Joshua P. Speed, James Shields, Stephen
' A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln."
. .." Lincoln's social connections were with the "best peo-
pie" of Springfield. Mary Todd, whom he married, lived with
jW sister, Mrs. NinianW. Edwards, and the Edwardses were
1t the Springfield aristocracy. Mary Todd was of aristocratic
lineage herself, born of the best families of Kentucky.
- Among her suitors was Stephen A. Douglas, one of the dand-
ies of Springfield. And the social distinctions in Springfield
were much sharper then than in our own day. A governor
ia3 attended with pomp and ceremony. Coaches and foot
men distinguished the elite. Blood counted for much. So -it
was something of a triumph for Lincoln to gain entrance
into the polite circles of society in the state's capital.
- After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln took their
. " place in the social circles of 'Springfield. They went out; they
if i i ii..' i - - i t : t i. ; j T AT
entertained in ineir come, xurs. ijiucuin Kepi maius. in me
final years of their residence in Springfield they occasion
ally gave very large receptions or levees, with caterers sum
r moned from Chicago for the event.
So Lincoln was not the
some have described him to be, perhaps to increase his pop
: ularity with ordinary folk. He was pretty much of the type
' of the prairie man of his time. Hundreds of men had similar
personal history then and now in the sense that from hum
' tIe and poor beginnings they emerged to positions of power
- and responsibility. The distinguishing thing about Lincoln
? was his intellectual power. His mind penetrated to the core
.of the slavery problem; he saw t and laid it bare. And the
. , . i .j. : l-r J 1.1- - J J
vjyona lOaay as it reviews nis uie ajiu rcaua ua uurcasea
and his letters does not cease to marvel that a man of such
mentality coupled with such
arise from the prairies of the
It Is good news to read that
-work in the woods last week after
ter weather. It means the resumption ef life-girlag payrolls. Ii open
weather continues farm .work will start toon, an road work nd
ether outdoor construction activity. The weather ii as vital a factor
la our life as anything, and It Is great newt when the break-up !
winter permits the resumption of
A few weeks ago the university yanked high aehool kids by the
arm to come and visit the campus at Eugene. This week the state
college it yanking the ether arm to they can tee the wonders at
Corvallis. And the frats and sororities will get busy to shaffle the
sheep from the goats. Being a' feign acnool senior or a couege Iresh
tuan Is a great life while It lasts. ,
Ed Howe confesses that lie
land and can't tee what neenle do
thought it too i Illy and foU ot boredom 19 read it too. CorralUi
Casette-Times. : 4 . . , - . '
We must cenfess never eetag able to get midway In the book.
tut always tupposed the trouble
Oregon and Oregon State art In a rev about "discourtesies'
at athletic contests, o. S. C. accuse Oregon of boo!at;" se Oregon
must accuse O. S. U. of "Juooing." - ,
We notice that a group ot' farmers have made another assault
en the tariff. Where Is that tariff bill now, asywarT The last we
MaH was hoir the senate smote
lm. X.,.. Clii.tl JanaH
labor splitting rails or tend
unkempt and uncouth fellow
deep human sympathy should
tea thousand logfers returned to
an enforced vacation da to win
labor on a wide scale.
never could read Alic in' Wonder
it tor. Htrrah for Ed! We always
Smoot oar inian t :
BITS for BREAKFAST
-By R. J. HENDRICKS-
Readers of this column are
aware that the governor's man
sion of the second appointed chief
executive of (the territory of)
Oregon still stands as 'ft was In
the fifties on 'the farm that now
belongs to Ralph Cartwrlght,
about six miles south of Salem,
a mile or more north of the en
trance gate of the Sky Line or
chard. The east part of the pres
ent dwelling of Mr. Cartwrlght
was the governor's mansion; but
the part that was the kitchen pre
sided over by the slaves, and the
quarters ot the slaves east of that
John Pollard Gaines was the
governor who had his mansion on
his donation land claifii there;
governor of the territory of Ore
gon from November, 1849, till
May, 1853, according to lettering
on his tombstone in the Salem
Odd Fellows cemetery the
tombstone that stands beside his
grave and that of his wife; the
atter being covered with a large
marble slab giving date of birth,
marriage, etc. That i3, his first
Through the kindness of Mrs.
Sabra Coates, there has fallen in
to the hands of the Bits man the
following, sent to her by B. G.
Mathews of Keystone, Nebraska,
who Is a cousin of former Gover
nor Gaines. It was written by C.
Spencer Chambers of Walton,
Kentucky, under the heading.
Walton's Great Statesman:"
m S m
"When Kentucky was but an
infant state five years old, there
came down the buffalo trail, soon
to be named the Lexington pike,
covered wagon. This wagon
was fUled with a small stock ot
merchandise, and a scant amount
of household goods. The owner
of these possessions was the fath
er ot John P. Gaines, the two
year old baby nestling In his
mother's arms. This baby some
day was to-become Boone coun
ty's most famous citizen.
"As Walton's first merchant
pulled up at what is now the
Beaver grade and Main street, to
consult with the mother, wearied
by-her long journey from Augusta
county, Virginia, a decision, was
made that this corner had a fu
ture, although t here was no cab
in In sight. The buffalo herds
crossing the Ohio river near what
Is now' Hamilton, stopping at Big
Bene springs for salt, instinctive
ly pushed their way over the trail
coming through Bearer, joining
the much , used trail leading to
the blue grass section of central
Kentucky. A. business man would
naturally make the deduction that
settlers would follow these hoot
beaten roads, as they were
against . th Itne of least reals
The elder Gaines, his wife and
baby boy camped here, sleeping
in- ineir covered wacon. until
their large three room house was
erected, by the assistance of John
WaUoa, a pioneer living about a
mile out on what is now High
street in Campbell county, as
Kenton had not become a county
at this time, (tms cabin was the
rear part ot the Moxly residence
in the ws where Justice Hud
son's home now stands.) j
The Gaines family lived In
two rooms, nstny; the third as i
store. Soon settlers were com
ing over the trail and making
their-claims ly patents, ceasing
the Gaines store to hi aproRUble
venture The thrifty merchant
named the meeting of the trails
after the. mead who helped .him
erect hi 'castle in the woods so
the Tillage Walton had its be
-Mrs. Gaines had but one ob
ject in life, a commendable one
tor a pioneer mother,. and that
was to rear her son to make
name for himself, it was a. moth-
eft hope that grew into reality.
though at times deemed blasted.
The success of the husband re
lieved the wife of much work and
worry, so common to the wives
and mothers of the Kentucky pi
oneers, making it possible to give
the son the necessary time and
attention to develop In him the
qualities ot greatness, then in
the embryo state. Sallie Walton
was a domestic In the Gaines
home, and remained as such until
her marriage to James Litteral,
setuer rartner down the. trail.'
"Little John received his edu
cation at his mother's knee. When
he was old enough to help in his
father's store, he did his part as
a clerk, and learned much about
human nature, which aided him
on the way to fame. Business was
never so rushing bnt what he
could devote a part of the day to
reading. His father, secured his
merchandise in Covington and
Lasantaville (Cincinnati), which
necessitated remaining away from
Dome many days at a time.
Upon the elder Gaines' return
from these journeys, he would
bring his son books and papers
for the purpose of mental devel
opment, rather than for enter
tainment, as John had determined
to become a lawyer. The lad,
while reading a paper one day,
saw a notice asking for volun
teers. The war clouds of 1812
were gathering on the horizon.
The hopes of the father were
shattered, a mother's heart was
filled with sorrow, as the first
born decided he would do his bit.
The 17 year old son could not be
dissuaded, and became the only
volunteer in Boone county.
John P. Gaines showed extra
ordinary bravery at the battle
of the Thames, and in several
pther engagements. When the
war was over, he returned to Wal
ton, and read law. In 1816 he was
admitted to the bar, and prac
ticed in Walton, doing a large
business examining and adjusting
titles, as many grants overlapped.
In a short time young Gaines was
elected to represent Boone coun
ty in the state legislature, re
maining as such for several years.
When General Thomas Marshall
called tor volunteers for his Ken
tucky cavalry, John P. Gaines an
swered. He was Major,, and at
the battle of Ehearnatlda, fight
ing under Gen. John E. Wool, was
'In this battle were 70 Mexi
cans to one American. It was ru
mored that he made his escape,
bnt official records show he was
one of a group of exchanged pris
oners. Major Gaines then became
aidde-camp on the staff of Gen.
Winfield Scott, and at the battle
ot Melino del Key, displayed so
much bravery that the Kentucky
legislature passed a resolution,
named him as one of the three
most fearless soldiers of the
state. But this was not all the
honor that was to come to this
Walton boy. While a prisoner of
war, be was elected to the 30th
congress as a whig, serving from
December, IS 47, to March 3rd,
-ho proved to be as good a
fighter in congress as on the
battlefield gaining the admira
tion ot President Fillmore, who
appointed him governor of Ore
gon in is so. At the ace or 24
John P. Gaines married at Ver
sailles, Kentucky. His wife was
the. daughter of . Nicholas and
PrUcDla (HcBride) Kincald. She
bore him; several children, one of
which married Homer Greene, the
antbor Jaite Itttc Its. O the
JourneyMe hie new appointment.
two ot Governor Gaines daugh
ters died of yellow fever, aad his
wife was accidentally killed soon
after. This seemed to embitter
hint against the world.
Upon arriving in Oregon on
August 5th. 18f0,.the jaddened
governor found the territory la
an unsettled . condition. There
was a bitter conflict being waged;
between Salem and Oregon City,
for the location of the capital.
SrHaia ngMi nrnmi.
When the legislature passed the
act, establishing the location.
Governor Gaines interfered by a
special message, reminding the
members that they could not ap
propriate funds tor public build
ings without his concurrence. The
legislature refused to print the
message, and appealed to the at
torney general of the United
States, who rendered an opinion
affirming the action ot the legis
lature as to the location, but ov
erruling it as to the expenditure.
"Kven then Governor Gaines
refused to recognize the opinion.
which caused a period ot unrest.
In 1852 the United States govern
ment approved the act establish
ing the capital at Salem.
"When the battle was lost.
Governor Gaines wrote, 'I am re
tiring but not retreating; I intend
to. die on Oregon soil.'
"In 1852 he married Margaret
B. Wands, one of the first school
teachers sent to the territory. He
retired to his farm in Marion
county, where he died In 1858.
"There is but little doubt that
at times, in the last few years ot
the governor's life, he grew re
miniscent, and Mrs. Gaines, the
former school teacher, heard
many, many stories of the boy
hood days of her illustrious hus
band, spent at the joining of the
burralo trails in Walton, Ken
"Would It not be fitting for
the citizens of the town, to which
he brought so much fame and
honor, to erect a monument to his
... Of Old Oregon
Town Talks from The States
man Our Fathers Read
Feb. 12, 1905
That Salem will experience this
sprirg the greatest building era
in its history is the candid predic
tion of nearly every contractor
and builder. Dozens ot residences
are now under construction and
many more are being contempla
ted. Salem Is certain, in addition
to other structures to have the
new high school building which
will cost between 635,000 and
Portland The 'climax to the
land fraud cases were reached to
day when Judge Albert H. Tan
ner, law partner ot United States
Senator Mitchell, indicated Feb
ruary 8 for the crime of perjury
in regard to the agreement ot co
partnership between himself and
Mitchell, went to the witness
stand and entered a plea of guil
ty. The scene was a dramatic one.
Judge Tanner entered. the eourt
room haggard and worn and bow
ed as if by the weight of years.
Congressman John R. Williamson
and TJ. 8. Land; Commissioner
Marlon R. Biggs were named in
true bins yesterday, revealing the
greatest sensation of the land
The faculty of Willamette uni
versity: is. seriously considering
puttinf a atop to permitting gins
of the institution to play basket
Feb. 6, 110.
Editor Statesman: '- ?
: la years of 3rd fast, note your
talk on wells tor Irrigation. I am
interested. That irrigation Is ear
onlyneed here. We have an the
rest in this vauey.
Hart bad some experience in
irrigation, and, I believe individ
ual wells will be the way. Then it
will be possible . to control tbt
water. ' " "
, The way it Is now, Jones may
not want to Irrigate but to get
the water to- Smith. Jone la Jike-
1 Dr. Copeland's Health Topic: Today
Too Utaty PopU Forego
Benefit ef the Great Out-Docrt in Cold
Weather, Soya Authority. ,
By ROYALS. CX1PELAND, 1L D,
United -Statee Senator from New York.
T armor Commiuioner of Eealta, Vew York CUy.
WINTER sports are becoming snore and mora popular each
season. Fashions favor them, society favors them, and ee do
U yew are tired out after the whirl of the city, of bushiest aad
It may be that kindred sows nave
log or two, a good supper, some
ieep is gooo. mayoe is never was so gooui
Skating is a wonderful exercise.
without rotng tar tor it. in tne
cities, new, are the eutot-doors skat
lns rinks where, tor n email sum.
the populao go, chmtoe In hand, any
day er venina. This has always
been a fascinating sport, and in
arAdmothers tfane it was considered
jo much ef an accomplishment to
ikate wen as to dance well.
Never before, perhaps, have the
outdoor sports been more In ert
deoce than this season. At St
Morlta. Lake Placid, In Canada, or
In some of the eeltese and schools
with thetr Winter caralvais, people
flock tor healthful sports. AH this
slvee an added taaoetua ta snorts
-Don't spend aQ your recreation-
TO CLEAN BO
CHICAGO, Fob. 11 (AP)
Police cells tonight housed 60
persons ot doubtful character of
the 917 arrested by police over
the week end in answer to public
demand to'curb crime.
Of the total 869 were released
because of no criminal record.
1-288 wero Arraigned in 12 munic
ipal courts and released or taxed
small fines on minof charges, 22
were held on continuances for ac
tion of the grand" Jury on charges
of carrying concealed weapons,
and the 60 still In the cells were
being held without charges for
further investigation. No gang
leaders were arrested
The police plan to arrest and
ly to have at least part of his land
Would it be possible to get one
of those wells in our locality?
L. L. TTJRNEY.
the Pleasures end HeeltkfJXnMwm to Itealth QaeHeeJ
social cares, why not try a change ef scene?
And Winter sports? Nothing is more health
giving than a change of scene and some form ef
recreation which combines with it pleasure and
the benefits of health,
What is more wonderful than a Winter's, day
on the mountain aides, or in the woods? Ton
may sUi there, or snow-shoe, for miles at a time,
through unbroken paths. With the snow, pure
White and deeper, perhaps, than your head, yon
ee nature irem a viewpoint uai you cannot see
in any other way.
Such exercise plays upon every nerve and
miib.I. tit 4-1a Kjfcjtw XT Ana ba. 1r..n. fV.
blood is stimulated into new life, and with it
new vigor omea. I often wonder that so many
of us neglect these rare sports ot the Winter
time. And after you return from the day's outlrur.
gotten there before you. A biasing
urowiy Dantenng, ana you are v
ti very body can have this sport
time in the close atmosphere of pub-
K places. Be out-or-ooors xsr
much time as you possibly on.
Muscular exercise la important be
cause it stirs up the chemical and
Biological changes of the body. If
you wish muscular strength, you
must exercise the muscise. ix you
want to have an active, virile mind,
rou must exercise that
Nobody can have good health with
out proper exercise, freeh air and
sunlight. Nutrition ox Importance,
i too, but real bodily vigor depends
I upon an these things, combined.
I Healthful recreation Is of vital lm-
portance to this end.
release hoodlums until they de
cide Chicago police are too pest
iferous to make residence here
desirable and tonight the "re
arrests" were awaited.
"Unless the drive is continued
day by day, week by week, and
month by month, it will do Chica
go no permanent good," said Col.
Robert Isham Randolph, presi
dent of the Chicago association
of commerce. Colonel Randolph Is
the head of a new secret vigilante
committee which is expected to
voice the public wrath against
the criminal enemy.
STEAMER TO BE RAISED
PORTLAND, Ore-, Feb. 11
(AP) A. D. Moody has been
awarded a contract to raise the
sternwheel steamer N. R. Lang,
which sank near 'Ryan's Point on
the Columbia river above Vancou
EATON WINS AGAI.V
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Feb. 11
(AP) Control of the $25,
000,000 Gulf States Steel com
pany, second largest steel produ
cer in the south, has been ac
quired by the Cyrus Eaton Inter
ests of Cleveland.
"1Tniffl alp wannttedl
YOU ARE PROMPT to respond to the ring of your phone.
The very idea that some one has a personal message for
you intrigues your interest.
Has it ever occurred to you that back of every advertise
merit In this paper there Is some one with a personal mes
sage for you? More often than not these advertisements
were written with yon in mind. It is impossible for most
merchants and manufacturers to give you a phone call
about their goods, their wares, or their services. So they
pay us for the privilege of calling these things to your at
tention in our advertising columns.
Give an advertisement the same attention yea give to a
phone ealL Many of them are jest ss Important to yon
and just at interesting. They wQ help you to economize
and keep posted on news ef vital interest to yori and your
- . x
Don't Jay this paper aside, today, without reading the
They are persosal calls for yen
. a. i
A-nis eoadmoB wrtafiy cue
to poor intestinal elimination. Sand
aetf-adiltiiBSud stamped envelope for
further parUoulare and reseex your
B. N, Q What
.Aw This is usually due to lack ot
synovial fluid. Sf sees so the parts
with warm cod aver eU before rear
ing This will probably help you.
B. K. Q. Wm clsftastd tonsils
and teeth attest the stomach T
Aw Tea. The cool off Infection
should be removed before the entire
system is poisoned.
B. K. What Is the eauae of e
warUike projection on the face?
a skin specialist fee
It B. Q. What causes pleurisy?
S What la the normal pulse for e
S What should a girl of nineteen,
five feet two inches tan, weigh?
A. Due to a run-down condition as
a severe cold.
1 It varies in each individual
S She should weigh about US
1L D. E Q. How can I put on
flesh around the ankles?
Aw It Is difficult to gain weight
in any part of the body without rain
ins welsht la soneral.
J. B. Q. What should a girt weigh
who Is 14 yrs. old and S ft Sins. tall?
1. What should a bey welsh who
la 14 yrs. o1 and t ft. tt tea. tall?
I. What should a girl welsh whs
Is 14 yrs. eld aad S ft 2ft Ins. tall?
A. -They should weigh respectively
120. 11S. and 11 pounds.
ASTORIA, Ore., Feb.- 11 .
(AP) George F. Adams, Sea
side, a member of the present cir
cuit court grand jury for Clatsop
county, was lodged in the county
jail here tonight following a raid
by the sheriffs office on his resi
dence at Surf Beach cottages, Sea
side. The raid revealed 60 gal
lons of liquor, parts of a still and
other distilling paraphernalia, de
The raid on Adams' place re
sulted from a trip to his home
today by a deputy sheriff bearing
an order for the grand Jury to
convene on February 14. The of
ficer noticed the odor ot mash
about the place and the raid fol
lowed. When the officers arriv
ed they found, they said, Adams
with Fred Chadwick and Ed Col
lins, joading the liquor and equip
ment on a truck operated by .A. F.
Kerr of Seaside.
JUflYMfln TAKEN ON
BUM lie COUNT