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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (May 16, 1929)
"No Favor Sways Us; No Fear Shall Awe."
From First Statesman, March 28, 1851
THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO.
Charles A. Spraclt, Sheldon F. Sackett, Publisher
Charles A. S prague
Sheldon F. Sackett
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for
publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise
credited in this paper.
Entered at the Postoffiee at Salem, Oregon; as Second-Class
Matter. Published every morning except Monday. Business
office S15 S. Commercial Street.
Pacific Coast Advertising Representatives:
Arthur W. Stypes, Inc., Portland, Security Bldg.1
San Francisco, Sharon Bldg.; Los Angeles, W. Pac. Bldg.
Eastern Advertising Representatives:
Ford-Parsons-Stecher, Inc., New York, 271 Madison Ave.,
Chicago, 360 H. Michigan Ave.
Entering the Hall of Fame
EIGHT busts were uncovered in the Hall of Fame at New
York university last week. They were the effigries of
distinguished Americans, chosen for permanent exhibition
in our national "hall of .fame." The busts were of William
Cullen Bryant, Henry Clay, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Oliver
Wendell Holmes, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Madi
son, Francis Parkman, Emma Willard. That list sounds like
an echo from the past. - We had supposed most of them had
gotten their marble visages in the appointed niches long ago.
Tis well, indeed that some of them got in now, for they
might be blackballed in another generation.
Bryant, Holmes, Longfellow, do they not seem rather
old-fashioned now? Bryant's sonorous "Thanatopsis" fits in
well with lodge funeral rituals; otherwise his poetry is pretty
well forgotten after one leaves the eighth grade. Holmes had
wit enough to survive ; and Longfellow, was prolific enough
to merit immortality as American poets go.
But Francis Farkman there was a man. A real His
torian. One who had the scholar's zeal with the gift of
matchless prose style. His histories retain a freshness for
reading and an accuracy in detail and interpretation which
make them pre-eminent in the field of American historical
Emma Willard, who was she? Not she, but Francis
founded the W. C. T. U. Emma was the founder of the "fe
male seminary." That entitles her to admission to the Amer
A half-century hence who will be allotted to the empty
spaces: Ford, Hoover, Wilson, Edison it is interesting to
speculate how fames will fade or endure. If Dolly Gann is
admitted she'll be particular where her bust is to sit, or
stand, through the ages. - ' "
The Week Is Critical
fTTHIS is preflicted .to be the final week of the reparations
X conference in Paris. It is a critical week. The financial
stability of Germany hangs in the balance. Unless minds
meet in the next few days the economic health of Europe
may be put in jeopardy. Germany seeks a revision of the
Dawes plan. The first proposals were rejected, the differ
ences between the allied powers and German representa
tives was too great to be bridged. WThen the conference was
about to disband Owen Young, American representative,
made a new proposal to the Germans which they approved.
The English found fault with it because it altered the ver-
centages for the distribution of indemnities, so the question ha the Rogue river valley, at the
Meantime Germany has been face to face with a finan
cial crisis. High interest rates in this country, and the un
certainty over reparations has cut off her supply of foreign
loans, the reischbank has had1 to raise its discount rate,
and if the conference fails, will have to boost it still higher
which would precipitate a panic possibly in Germany. The
dilemma is painful to Dr. Schacht, the German delegate. He
hesitates to assume a heavy burden of reparations for his
country; on the other hand he knows a rejection of the terms
may mean immediate disaster.
In the long interval since the end of the war we have
seen Europe on the brink of chaos so many times that we
cannot help but have faith that some -bridge over the abyss
will again be found. Certain it is, that neither the allies
nor the United States will prosper with Germany prostrate.
Reaching For The Moon
Terse comments on Events,
Local and Abroad, of the Past
BITS for BREAKFAST
-By R. J. HENDRICKS.
A scrap of history :
In August, 1853, the different
tribes of Indians in the Rogue i
er valley, suddenly assuming a
hostile attitude, murdered many
settlers and miners and burned
nearly all the buildings for about
100 miles along the main traveled
route from Cow creek south to the
Siskiyou mountains. Old Joe, John
and Sam, and George and
"Limpy," were the principal Ia
General Lane at the time being
Law-Making in Missouri
THE Missouri legislature seems to operate without a "stop"
sign. Here it is going on summer, and the landladies at
Jefferson City still have the spare rooms rented at the usual
legislative rates, and no end of the session in sight. It has
been an interesting if fruitless assembly of Missouri legis
lators. Its drab routine was broken the other day when a
senator named Buford, who had been interrupting annoying
ly through the day, launched a personal tirade against a fel
low senator. Suddenly a shrill, youthful voice from the cen
ter gallery shouted out:
"My God. Take that drunken senator out of here and
proceed with your business."
Buford ran from his seat to a point just under the gal
lery where the young man sat and yelled: "Bring that
down here. I'll' take care of him," and repeated his epithet
several times while the ladies in the galleries closed their
ears or hastened away.
When we realize how laws are made, we wonder some
times, that the law is regarded with as much respect as it is.
It was W. M. Jardine as secretary of agriculture, who
last fall advised the farmers to hold their wheat for higher
prices. Many of them have held, are still holding. But
wheat prices are on the toboggan. Here was a man who had
access to the most complete knowledge of production, of
world supply and world demand, and with numerous experts
to give him advice. Yet what a poor guess he made, and how
costly to farmers who followed his judgment. How much
more successful can the various boards and committees cre
ated by the proposed farm relief bill be in speculating on
prices, wind and weather. Are we not simply sanctifying
the previously execrated board of trade "gambling"?
The Portland central labor council endorses higher street car
fares so the street carmen can get higher pay. Then the company
will have to ask for another faro Increase to get the profit It isn't
getting now. However, this shows a gleam of logic oa the part of
the anions. Usually-they ask' for pay Increases and rate decreases.
Fare-hoisting isn't the answer to the trolley car problem. Cities
with higher fares Qad their companies -la about the same boat as
Portland Is sow: leaa earnings. By the rules of mathematics the
fare Increases eta be CuUy justified. But the showing of experience
is that no matter what the scale of tares the street car companies
find profits mighty scant. '
Rich widowr can surely stand a lot, of financial punishment.
This Seattle Mrs. Smith who let a scoundrel marry her and make oft
with a million or two, turned around and hired a Bend lawyer to get
her goods back. Now the has hired tome more lawyers to recover
from the Bead lawyer. .
But the Smith case rather crimps the publicity value of being
the author ot the late Burdlck bill.
The trouble with cedar shingles isn't foreign competition - to
much as domestic - Intelligent advertising would go far toward
selling cedar shingles. They are far superior In beauty, utility and
durability to a lot of patent roofing now on the market.'
Girls at the state college are reported as spuming cigarettes be
cause of opposition from the boy friend. Perhaps the college lads
fcve wall mottoes, "Lips that touch luckles shall never tonch mine."
request of citizens, assumed con
trol ot the defense forces. Captain
Alden of the regular army, and
all the local militia, joining and
serving under his command.
The Indians collected in a large
body and retreated northward to-
iward the Umpqua. On August 24,
Lane's pursuing forces attacked
the Indiana in their fortified po
sition on Evans creek, and Gen
eral Lane was then shot through
the arm, and Capt. Alden received
a wound from which he never
fully recovered. Others of the at
tacking party were wounded, some
of whom subsequently died of
The battle was bloody and at
close range, and the Indians, most
of whom knew General Lane,
when they found he was in com
mand of the troops, called out to
'Joe Lane" and asked him to
come into their camp to arrange
some terms for a peaceful settlement.
With more courage than discre
tion, in his wounded condition.
General Lane ordered a cessation
ot hostilities and fearlessly walk
ed into the hostile camp. After a
long conference, it was agreed
that the fighting should cease, and
that both parties should return to
the neighborhood of Table Rock,
on the north side of the Rogue
river valley, and that an armis
tice should exist till General Joel
Palmer, then superintendent of
Indian affairs for Oregon, could
be sent for.
Both whites and Indians, keep
ing watch of one another, march
ed slowly back over the same trial.
and Lane established his eamp on
Rogue river, while the Indians se
lected a strong and almost Inac
cessible position, just under the
perpendicular cliffa ot Table
.Governor Curry of Oregon and
been appealed to by messenger.
and he authorized CoL Nesmith to
raise 75 men at Salem and escort
a shipment of arms from Fort
Vancouver to the Lane camp, corn-
lag under charge of Second Lieut
KauU, fresh from West Point
(who was Advanced to major-gen
eral In the Civil war), and the
Salem men and the Fort Vancou
ver wagon train with supplies
Joined at Albany.
After a toilsome march, the Sa
lem men and the supplies arriv
ed at Lane's camp September 8.
two days before the expiration of
the armistice. The white troops
were "spoiling for a fight," but
General Lane had pledged a par
ley for peace.
Lane had promised that he.
with 10 other unarmed men of his
selection, should conduct the par
lev within the earns of the In
dians. Against his protest, Col.
Nesmith, master o f the Chinook
jargon, was chosen by Lane as In
terpreter. Nesmith had traversed
that country five years before and
fought those same Indians, who
were notorious for their treachery
in early times, had earned the
designation of "Rogues." In theirj
ramp were 700 weu armed braves.
Nesmith told Lane he was willing
to fight Indians, but that he had
not enlisted to offer himself as
an unarmed interpreter for
slaughter by treacherous redskins.
But Lane's arguments prevailed,
and In the parleying party were,
besides General Lane, Col. Nes
mith and General Palmer, the fol
lowing: Samuel P. Culver, In
dian agent; Capt. A. J. Smith,
Capt. L. F. Mosher. Col. John E.
Ross. Lieut. Kauts, R. B. Met-
calf, J. D. Mason, and T. T. Tier-
uey. Judge Matthew P. Deady was
also at the Lane camp.
The story of the famous parley
is too long for this Issue. It was a
tense time, lasting from early
morning till late afternoon. Even
a sketchy description of it is too
long for this Issue. It will follow
in a later number; also the im
pressions made on Judge Deady.
lasting throughout his eventful
But the treaty was concluded.
and the final papers in the arch
ives at Washington bear the
names of most of the above men
at the parley. The peace there
concluded lasted for nearly two
years, when, in 1855, the Indians
all over the old Oregon Country
broke out, and there was more
or less fighting In most outlying
section through the latter fifties
and the early sixties.
Town Talks from The States
man Our Fathers Read
May 10, 10O4
John Krebs, Leonard Krebs. M.
W. Krebs and John A. Krebs filed
articles of incorporation for the
Krebs Hop company, with a cap
ital stock ot 1X50,000. They have
400 acres of hops near Indepen
Pupils of Miss Beatrice Sheldon
will. give a closing recital at the
M. E. church June 7, when Mrs.
Hinges and Professor Drew wiU
Dogs killed two fine goats on
the Howell Prairie farm ot BUI
Ramsden of Salem.
Architect W. C. Knighton was
In the city looking after construc
tion of the Breymaa and other
buildings. He lives la Portland.
Free circus tickets tor boy or
girl under 1C just secure one new
three month subscription to The
RADIO broadcasting which fea
tures the beneficial qualities
of a certain cigarette is vigorous
ly scored by the Oregon Voter this
week. "Health instruction is broad
cast that cigarette smoking is the
way to attain physical pulchri
tude, athletic prowess, mental
quickness," recites the Voter.
"Wholesome food, fresh air, exer
cise and sleep artf relegated into
a Victorian jankheap."
The Voter is quite right In In
sisting that propaganda for the
health values of cigarettes be
stopped as misleading and false.
Cigarette smoking a pleasant ha
bit and rapidly increasing in popu
larity is not a healthful habit and
physicians who know have no
hesitancy la saying so. To imply,
subtly and directly, that health
can be purchased by inhaling to
bacco smoke is ridiculous and
seemingly needs no refutation but
backed by testimonials ranging
from Follies girls to sea captains,
the instruction is gulsed as truth.
There" is another story of Inter.
est in The Voter The Astoria ho
tel bond holders who now own the
property, are worried because the
Clatsop county court has boosted
the assessed value of the property
to a figure which squeezes any
possible interest payment to the
bondholders out of the picture.
Present Income from the proper
ty, which in two years, after re
payment of loans made to the
bondholders h o 1 d in g company.
would bear only $7400 to spread
among $185,000 worth of bonds
for a two year interest payment.
It is not right that the tax basis
should be raised Just as soon as
the outside capital represented by
the bondholders, tries to make the
hotel go. The building of the hotel
and the loss of the equity of stock
holders who put $180,000 into the
project illustrates what many oth
er communities have found out;
the impossibility of having a first-
class hotel without sufficient bus
iness. Marshfield didn't get as far
as Astoria with its hotel. That
city's hotel stands Incompleted, a
monument to great ambitions and
to Ill-advised financing. Eventu
ally stockholders lose out and then
the bond holders have hard
scratching to make their security
THE Panama canal is undergo
ing a great increase In traffic
handled and if present rates of
increase are maintained within 30
years the canal will be doing its
full capacity, handling 60,000.000
tons of shipping annually. But do
not worry yet about having to
pungle up for a new canal. Engin
eers have schemed it out that a
third set ot locks through the
canal would Increase the capacity
of the canal to 100,000.000 tons
of shipping a year. That will do
for upwards of a century.
Congress has already authorized
the construction of a great dam in
the Charges river, 14 miles from
Gatun Lake. Here billions of cubic
feet of water will be stored to be
poured into the lake where It will
be kept as a source of water sup
ply for the canal during the dry
period. The dam and its accom
panying construction work will be
done In five years and will cost
Harold Hamstreet, a Willamette
valley young man has sold his pa
per at Wallowa. Hamstreet earned
a name tor himself as an editor
who talks straight from the shoul
der. That specie of editors is De-
coming fewer and consequently
more admired. The public likes a
man who is honest and fearless.
The public does not object being
differed with If the difference is
fairly stated, is not biased by ig
norance or unthinking prejudice.
Honest difference of opinion
brings out truth and that should
be the one great aim of the news-
naoer. Wherever Hamstreet lo
cates, and we trust it will be in,
Oregon, he should keep on speak
ing out In meeting.
What is a rate differential! If
you lived in Portland yoh should
know this as well as you know the
meaning of the rose festival. We
6urmise a rate differential isn't
always understood even though It
means so much to this great ure
Down the mightly Columbia riv-
er are ouut ranroaa ius.
either side, which enjoy the ad
vantage ot the water grade
straight Into the Willamette val
ley. To get to Seattle railroad lines
must go over a mountain range.
Portland claims and has won us
claim years ago, that freight ship
pers from eastern Oregon and
southeastern Washington, should
get a 10 per cent lower rate to
Portland than to Seatlte.
That means that If you lived in
Walla Walla and had a wheat
ranch you'd ship down the Colum
bia rather than over the Cascades.
The differential has brought mil
lions of tons Into Portland, and
has done more than any other one
thing to make this a great port.
Now the proposal is to reduce
the freight rate on wheat coming
from the eastern part of the states
of Oregon and Washington into
Puget Sound and into the Willam
ette valley. Portland favors this
as does Seattle for both ports
want to ship the grain east by
water rather than overland but
the Portlanders insist the differ
ential must stand in any new set
of rates formed. The proposal la
sound; It does cost less to haul a
bushel ot wheat down the river
than over the mountains and the
difference In cost must be reflect
ed in lower rates.
Doctor Found What is Best
for Thin, Constipated People
As a family doctor at Montlcello,
Illinois, the whole human body,
not any small part ot it, was Dr.
Caldwell's practice. More than
half his "calls" w$re on women,
children and babies. They aro the
ones most often sick. But their
illnesses were usually of a minor
nature colds, fevers, headaches,
biliousness and all of them re
quired first a thorough evacua
tion. They were constipated.
In the course of his 47 years'
practice (he was graduated from
Rush Medical College back in
1875), he found a good deal of
succes3 In such cases with a pre
scription of his own containing a
simple laxative herbs with pepsin.
In 1892 he decided to use this
formula in the manufacture of a
medicine to be known as Dr. Cald
well's Syrup Pepsin, and in that
year his prescription was first
placed on the market.
The preparation immediately
had as great a success in the drug
stores as it previously had in his
private practice. Now, the third
generation is using it. Mothers!
are giving it to their children who
were given it by their
AT ASK S3
Every second of the working day
somedhe somewhere is going into
a drug store to buy It. Millions of
bottles ot Dr. Caldwell's Synip
Pepsin are being used a year.
Its great success is based on
merit, on repeated buying, on one
satisfied user telling another.
There are thousands of homes in
this country that are never with
out a bottle of Dr. CaldweTl s
mothers. t Syrup Pepsin, and we have gotten
many hundreds ol letters irom
grateful people telling us that it
helped them, when everything else
failed. Every drug store sells Dr.
Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin.
11 To Make a Will WL
ft 1 IV IAK certain that your will is pro- W'sffl
u ? ' I perly drawn, and that your estate YmrA
J will be economically and efficiently wJzfyk
1! I . administered. To accomplish both we
, V suggest: Illl
! J I. That you decide how you want to uuWwi '
dispose of your Estate, and make a If fflrW
I memorandum of your wishes. Yi aSk
J 2. That you consult your lawyer and II yjXr,
have him draw your will. eJz
I 3. That you name this bank of long jSt,
I experience as Executor and Trus- - llyZpA
i United States National Bank
Beautiful crisp Taffetas, Georgettes,
Moire and Tulle, Sflk Chiffons and
Georgettes with lace skirts. All are of the
very latest design and the workmanship
is wonderful one would never expect
to get such dresses as these for the prices