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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 31, 1929)
EARL C. BSOWNLEE TT0 Tf O ' : f'o M Hi'fr JZI - , - 'a yrj - J b -. - i- ': " " 1 :" - mi" ";- - -t iT-'l -7" I- jj Salem. Orr0
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J ' ; i 7 : , j j "1 January SI, 1929
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TheWayof Whpys Who & Timely Views
the World j Income Tax Problem Discussed
Nature, like a loving mother, is ever tryingto keep
land and tea, mountain and valley, each in iU place, to
hush the angry winds and waves, balance the extreme
of heat and cold, of rain and drought, that p$ace, har
many and beauty may reign supreme. Stanton. 1
' Salem Should Be In It
PTtHERE was a dispatch from Rainier, Oregon, in yesterday
X morning's Oregonian that ought to interest Salem ;
Telling of the organization of a unit of the Future Farm
ers of Oregon, made up of 17 students of agriculture in the
union high school at Rainier, which unit is soon to receive
Its charter as a member of the national organization. Future
Farmers of America. 1
The reason Salem ought to be interested in this news is
the fast that it refers to a movement that is nation wide,
and also state wide, representing ideals for better farming
methods and the solution of farm problems that have been
pressing in the United States.
There are now 29 high schools in Oregon in which there
are classes in agriculture, the expenses being borne in part
by federal funds under the Smith-Hughes law. In these 29
schools 1400 students studying agriculture are enrolled. . In
the Woodburn high school there are 40 such students. New
berg, McMinnville, Molalla and other valley schools maintain
The aim is to turn out better farmers for the districts in
which the schools are located
And this is the important fact: In the high schools of
. Oregon, 62 per cent of the students do not get beyond the
grades taught there, i Oregon is primarily an agricultural
state, and will always be. Agriculture is our big line. We
need better farmers; improved farm methods and manage-
- As to Salem, this is the city above all others in this state
. that is using and must use the greatest tonnage of raw prod
, ucts for canneries and packing houses. Ours is the canning
'.. and packing center, and it is the center of the nut growing
industries, and most other industries on the land in western
- j The farm of the future is to be a factory; a chemical
- laboratory; a business concern. Big business and large co
operative effort are entering into farming. These will need
experts. It is up to Salem to turn out experts ; to give our
high school students their start and their bent in this line;
more especially the sons and daughters among them of our
farm owners and managers. -
That department need not be made top-heavy. But it
should be established in our' high schools, without delay,
along with the other departments now conducted under the.
Where Snow is Appreciated
QAYS a report from'; the Lehi, Utah, district: "During
O these first few days of the new year we have had sev
eral splendid snow storms."
1 1 To a resident of the Salem district, this statement needs
an explanation, and it is furnished by what follows: "Not
somuch snow has fallen in the valley but from all indica
tions it has piled high in the mountains, and there is where
we want it most for next season s water supply.
The item is found in the "Sugar Cossette," published by
the Utah-Idaho Sugar company, cosette meaning a slice of a
. beet in the process of manufacturing into sugar. The paper.
is published for the purpose of keeping the growers and the
other people connected with that far-flung organization in
formed concerning the operations in which they are all mu
tually and more or less cooperatively engaged.
! No beets, no sugar. No beets grown at a profit, little
supply, for the factories. - No snow, no irrigation water. And
in nearly all the sections in this country in which beet sugar
is manufactured irrigation is the prime necessity for keeping
the raw supply coming-in sufficient volume to allow all the
operations to function and keep on going from year to year.
So snow storms are splendid. Here in the Willamette
Talley, where we are illy prepared for them, we do not view
snow storms in the respect of blessings that we are willing
to call splendid
But we will come to this condition in due time especial
ly for the fleecy substance "piled nigh in the mountains."
. With all the jibes we have endured because of our myth
ical web feet and the hypothetical moss on our backs, we are
coming to the era of irrigation. And it will be our great era.
.It will make for absolute crop insurance. It will give us beet
sugar factories. It will double our strawberry and bush
fruit production in most seasons. It will make this the great
est' dairying country in the world. Then we will call snow
piled high in the mountains blessed.
v ; . 4
Salem Has a Duty
: CJAIrEM has a duty to the Y. W. C. A., which should be
O performed with a will, as a matter of course
: Because that is the only agency in the city which does
or can function in its many ways of saving of and helpf ukfess
to girls and. women here. It is already doing a large work,
and one the lack or lagging of which would be a blot on the
venr name of the capital city. '
.It will not be lonir till the institution will presumably
have to look for new quarters, the building the second story
of which it now occupies having been sold, with possession to
- be given at a future date
And any way a larger service ought to be rendered than
can be accommodated in the present cramped space. So the
people of Salem must take Into consideration a permanent
Y. W. C. A. building, and this should not be delayed
) It should have preference right now. A building fund
should be started,, looking to the acquiring of a suitable site,
and the erection thereon of a commodious structure especial
ly designed for the class of work performed and that ought
to be carried on In a larger way.
Why not now during the campaign
The campaign for the $7500 budget that Is to be made
next week, beginning on Monday 7
r -t A Worthy "Industry
CJALEM in Its worthy desire for new industries must not
Ll overlook those within its doors.
Willamette university,, whije an institution of higher
learning, is as much an industrial advantage as any mm or
Each year it brings to Salem or retains within the city,
" more than 500 alert young men and women whose aggregate
expenditures run into the hundreds of thousands of dollars.
t Kuril vear the university itself expends a budget of more
than $175,000 which goes largely for salaries and other ex-
penses aisinouiea m otueui. - - .
At present Willamette is asking for $300,000 for with
this sum art additional $147,000 may be secured, from the
General Education board. . - -
Industrially minded Salem citizens as well as those
whose interests are in things academic and cultural, will
concur in the value of this request. Viewed from any stand
point, Willamette is one of Salem's- great assets and should
and will receive hearty support locally. ; , r
Dr. Thomas Jenkins of McMinnville, whose life has been
spent in the Episcopal church "ministry, has been elevated to
the bishopry of his church. Elaborate ceremonies marked
his consecration in Trinity church, Portland. People- who
know Dr. Jenkins are impressed by his devotion to his work
and are sincerely happy in this marked advancement. -
1 . , . :
It is to be hoped that the Oregon. legislature may not
get into a state of "passing the buck, '' and thus leave the
tate budget hopelessly in the red for a lonj time,
Who am I? What position did
my father hold dorlng the early
days of the World warTJn what
field hare I made a place, for my
Who were the Parcae?
Of what itate is Salem the capital?
.. What popular song did George
M. Cohen write that enjoyed a tre
mendous rogue during the World
"Do all things without murmur.
ings and dtaputings." Where is
this passage found in the Bible?
Today In the Vast
James Q. Blaine, American
statesman was born on this day,
Persons born on this day are
likely to demand cold facts before
they will beliere anything. They
are prone to be skeptical and opinionated.
A Dally Thought
"A cheerful look makes a dish
a feast." Herbert.
Let us not get the idea because
we read of airplane accidents that
amazing progress is not made In
safe flying. As a matter of fact.
flying Is becoming; increasingly
safe. The reason, of course, that
our attention Is caned to a nam
ber of accidents la that .the use of
the airplane: Is Increasing at a
tremendous rata. ; Thousands of
people are now flying, aa a mat
ter of course when but a few
years ago the flyers could hardly
be numbered In i hundreds, i -In
proportion to the number of ma
chines in the air, the mishaps are
far less frequent ittian rormerly.
The trareler ; by plane U probably
as safe today as In almost any oth
er common form of travel.
OPENIXQ OUR EYES
A Polish Inventor by the name
of Matska was consuming a bowl
of souro tomato soup. He no
ticed that every time he touched
his teeth with his spoon he got
an electric shock. Ho walked back
to bis laboratory, and reflected.
Few people reflect, j Matska did
He experimented :wlth types ! of
foods. He found ' what kind ! of
food, containing 'veld, in contact
with a silver spoon and his gold
filled teeth, set up electric shocks.
Now comes a discovery that does
for sweet grape Juice what pas
teurlzatlon did for French wfne
long ago and for the; world's milk
supply. The pasteurization meth
od kills bacteria by. alternate heat
ing and cooling. The new Inven
tion by Matska, kills by electricity.
Most of. us receiving new Im
pressions, forget them. We turn
over and go to sleep. Now and
then a man, receiving a new im
pression, walks around the block
and, reflects.; These do the crea
live work of the world.
THE MEDIEVAL MIND
Occasionally the spotlight rests
for a moment on a man who has
never pulled both feet out of sav
agery He suffers from perpetual
(mmaturity. ! Much j worse .than
that, it is the immaturity of the
middle ages. : Comes bow a man
who has actually been elected to
the legislature of the good state
cf Nebraska. He proposes a law
to destroy the freedom of the
press. He is seised, with the amaz
ing idea that he knows better
what is good for a republic than
lid George Washington, Benjamin
Franklin. John Adams, and Alex
ander Hamilton, to say nothing
if Lincoln and Roosevelt. These.
men knew the immeasurable vai-
It OOSBV 1 MTLXJT
UndrerUry mt ts XT. 8. Traumry
(Ofdso Llvingitea Mill vat bora at
Newport, R. I., Aug. It, 1884. Ha vat
(Taduataxt from Harvard a4 admUtad. to
tha bar la 1908 and atnoa than kaa prac
ticed la Hrw York Crty. Ha wi da
feat e. for election te eaagreea ia 1911
aad aerved aa a member ot tha ttate
tanata frost 1914 to 1918. ServUif with
tha American Expeditionary Faroes In
Franca during tha war, ha waa eommia
ioned a captain ia tha army. Ha vai
elected "la 1931, aerved alx years, aad
then realgned' to aeoept tha office of
andarseeretarr of tha treaaary. His
borne i in New York City.)
THE department of the treas
ury is hopeful that the re
cent discussion of the gen
eral question of tax refunds may
result in a definite statement of
poller on the
Hon. of wheth
tax shall con
tinue to be
handled by the
executl v e
branch o f the
shall be placed
der the con
trol of the Judiciary.
It is neither
m 7 purpose
nor desire to
promote or encourage' the more
active interest of lawyers as
class in income tax matters. Quite
the contrary, rom my stand
point, lawyers who like litiga
tion those representing the gov
ernment as well as those repre
senting taxpayers have had al
together too much to do with the
Income tax, from the very outset.
wnat was fundamentally an ad
mlnlstratlve problem developed
almost at once into an unlimited
and Interminable series of legal
battles. The substitution of ad
ministration for litigation is the
essence of our present Income tax
If litigation is to be avoided, if
tax cases are to be settled with
promptness and certainty, the ul
iimate responsibility must de
finitely rest on the Bureau of In
ternej Revenue. . Its employes
must recognize that responsibility
and be willing to assume it, and
they must receive the whole
hearted support and encourage
ment of those at the top. There
need be no fear of laxity careless
ness or failure to protect the in
terests of the government. We
are proceeding .cautiously, slow
ly, and with adequate checks and
review in all cases. The bureau
is at least as well equipped as
the courts to reach sound deter
- I do not want to convey the
impression that what we are un
dertaking is something revolu-
tlrtTMrw Wfl i nstt enmnrn.
imosing determined or admitted
Answers to Foregoing Questions
1. Margot. Countess of Oxford
t. The Fates.
PhiUpplan ii. 14.
Town Talks from The States,
man Oar Fathers Read
They saw to it the earlier ones
that freedom of athe press was
guaranteed in the constitution.
No thinking man has tried to take
out. as to what, the unthink
ing do or try to do -one never
The idea, of censorship of the
press on the part of state or fed
eral government is ono of the
things we mean whe we talk
about a "throwback to barbar-
ue of a free and uncensored press, ism,"
Jan. 81. 1004
The Willamette University girls
were forced to throw up the bas
ketball game with Monmouth on
account of roughness. Score waa
17 to 3.
The first leap event to take
place in Salem so far this year
occurred at Willamette when the
Philodorlans entertained In honor
of the Phllodoslans.
The Oratdrlo society is prepar.
ing the dramatic composition,
"Miriam's Song of Triumph,"
J. C. Atwood an dD. W. Fisher
have purchased the grocery from
Branson and Ragan and will take
The city of Salem should con
struct a new armory for Company
M, believes Adjutant General W.
E. Finzer, who was an official vis
itor to the capitol and city.
The words of the Lord are pure
words: as silver tried in a furnace
of earth, purified seven times.
Thou shalt keep them, O Lord,
thou shalt preserve them from this
generation for ever.
The wicked walk on every saie.
when the vilest men are exalted.
Psalm xii, 8-8.
, 0 i
"Hey. mister, who discovered
"Ohio, you're crasy. It was Co
lumbus." "Yes, sir, I know. But I didn't
think it necessary to mention the
gentleman's first nam."
By CIUUU3S P. STEWART -Washington
Oentral Press and The States-nan
William E. Borah appears
to be a senator who created
an imaginary president la his own
to the Job of
coming up to
every last one
of his own vi
fications, I rand
means to raise
with him I if he
Fall- ahnrt fit
them In j the I
lax. - V. . I
Politicians I -W-j
ire inclined to
wonder if Mr. Hoover can do it.
They even wonder If he will
wish to. Washington's impression
la that Mri Hoover has a few pres
idential Ideas of his own, which
may differ considerably from Sen
How long will it be before the
president-to-be and the Idaho sen
ator go to the mat over some of
tnese divergences or opinion r
It would not be hard to get bets
on tnis ; question, irom sporty
members of congress.'
Senator Borah assumed the
functions of congressional leader
for the Hoover administration
without waiting for the Hoover
administration to come into exist
In fact, he did not even wait
for Mr. Hoovef to be elected.
He was already making Hoover
pledges while the campaign was
still pending. Some of them, it
has since appeared, were perhaps
rather embarrassing to Mr. Hoover.
They were not very easy to re-
may be different now, with the
rumpus over and everything set
tled. V .
The truth Is that Senator Borah
as a political friend, is a nui
Hts Judgment is mighty good
'insofar as concerns his own (Sen
ator; Borah's) Interests. What's
good for him, however, is not al
ways, so good for others.
If. the Idaho solon has a fault,
as a political standby, it lies in
the fact that he doesn't care a
hoot for the welfare of anybody
but William E. Borah. f
The Hoover administration will
be a tremendous success, rom
Bill's standpoint, If it's run for the
benefit of Bill Borah.
If not, as he sees it. It will be
a terrible fizzle.
Can President (to be) Hoover
be blamed If he has a fancy for
running his administration as
seems best to him, rather than
as seems best to Senator Borah?
If-he runs it to suit Bill, BUI
will take all the credit for it any-;
It he runs it otherwise. Bill will
yowl, but who cares? If the re
sults are satisfactory not to Bill,
of course but to the rest of the
Senator Borah's strategy has
been pretty slick heretofore.
He has been half conservative.
The conservatives have all the
time been trying to win him. Like
wise the progressives.
Now he's out and out a con
servative. Instead of being glad
of It, conservatives who have been
conservative all the while are
jealous of him. On the other side,
the progressives have given up all
hope ot him.
Bill would like to be a group
Yet he has only one vote. The
balance of him is purely conver
sational, xne senate produces a
pudlate while the fight was on, I
and votes hung in the balance. It I surplus of conversation already,
11 ; .
Bits, ff on Breakfast
By R. J. Hendricks '
Marion county, the largest con
tributor to state highway funds.
outsiae of .Multnomah county
ranks 27th on the list of highway
tuna beneficiaries in the way fo
paved roads built within her bor
ders with state highway money
And it may be said also, that
Marlon county has done more than
all the other counties ot the state
combined, outside of Multnomah.
in providing tor herself paved
But few people in Marlon coun
ty -regret this. Most of us are
proud ot It.. What helps any part
of Oregon helps Salem, directly
or indirectly. Salem is the capital
or the state.
But there is one piece of state
Just Among Us Girls
: 111 M VkAV 1
lm sorry miss.
you'rt a Strang'
xp nnd and 1 ,
canb cash ths
my jjirt Pnnd
and federal-state highway that the
people of Marion county have a
right to ask to have considered
soon. That Is the proposed high,
way over the Cascades through the
Minto pass, that will connect the
great central Oregon empire with
the central Willamette valley by a
road that will be open the year
through; one that will be relative
ly cheap to build and maintain,
and that will be a great time sav
er. But all of central Oregon is as
much interested as Is Marion coun
ty In this proposed new artery of
commerce and travel,
If there s no other way to pro
vide the 120,000 needed for ade
quate fire protection for the raw
supplies of the state flax plant,
why not take advantage of the
state office building precedent?
The loan could be protected, for it
could in two years be paid from
savings, in the lowered rates of
Insurance; or at the most three
years, with Interest on the amount
That would surely be good busi
ness. It would make much safer
the raw supplies for our linen
mills, which is a consideration for
the whole state, for the flax and
linen industries are an asset vai.
able to all the people of Oregon.
The Salem Ad clnb Is entering
upon a career of greater activities.
Among other things, It Is publish
ing the "Salem Ad Club Weekly
Gadgett." a paper devoted to the
development of a better advertis
ing spirit, and intended to direct
advertising expenditures Into re
liable and revenue producing
channels. and to offer protection
against fakes and boycotting pro
positions. Salem needs more leg
itimate advertising. The mer.
chants here need more of this
kind. Salem is entitled to the
name of a good advertising town.-
instead of a -poor one. hTe surest
way to the attainment of such a
reputation Is through more adver
tising that will pay the men who
spend their money for it. The Ad
club can help in this, and thus be
of real service to the whole city.
The age of discretion. Alas!
doesn't arrive until you have lost
the taste, or capacity for indiscre
tion. One law for the rich and one for
the poor and none at all for the
Don't be too good to the kids.
It's a shame to deny any child the
occasional Joy of martyrdom.
None of the big Jobs are held by
men who had rather lie and shiver
than get up for an extra blanket.
This age isn't more wicked than1
age of our fathers. It just fails
to pull down the shades.
High Pressure Pete
SOH : . Kb aee of our fathers. It Just fails' I f
mm I 1 , I I
v ar ' ' "
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