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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 21, 1928)
i : mm " ' " ' ii ' V ...'.-- " ';M' H Ml ' " ' , '' BBH 1 1 a" ,l-B;MffMin ' i- ' - :
Eakl C. Bbownlee B i w 5on ' 'o- i 'Ovlii n I . Salej, Oregon J,
i Km j Edhifcoiriial viFeaftoires -
I Th VnfnV "! Una "rone renter
; A Bier Question
THE Yakima Republic has the following editorial : 'Senator
Snokane raised a question that
mv in th rnmincr election is close, have a far-reacning
influence on who shall be the next president. .Under the coxH
stitutioh each state shall have presiaenuai electors !
the whole number of senators and representatives to wmcn
!he state may be entitled.- Because of the failure of con
gress to do its duty in reapportioning: the house of represen
' Natives, Washington and other states are entitled to more
"! representatives than they have and some other states are en
titled to less than they have. Each state is entitled ta less
rthan they have. Each state is entitled to have the number
kjf is representatives based oiTthe 1920 census and though
nm.aao Vtoa wiifiiiw rpfnspH tn do its dutv that fact should
not limit the relative strength of the state in .the electoral
college. II the election snouia De aose nv mu--.-.
"that the next president will be elected by illegal votes, that is,
by votes apportioned on the actual number of representatives
rather than by the number to which the state is entitled, H
that should be the-ease the matter would undoubtedly be lit
igated and ultimately decided by the supreme court which
would be called upon to decide whether congress can Dy its
neglect deprive a state of its legal quota of votes in the elec
toral college which officially chooses the president. An action
once started along that line would bring congress to a re
oi.at,vn of it riutv &nd a hill 'would be put through in shorfc
order reapportioning the house in a manner in which it should (
have been done immediately alter tne izu census. r.ven
without a close election the state legislature might well con
Eider authorizing an action to require Washington's vote to
u tho nnmkor fi writrh if ia pntiiled rather than
for the limited number whicli congress sees fit to recognize.
The writer ooes not oeueve xne mauer rexerreu. w m mc
t above by the Yakima Republic will bring any headaches
'i Because the election is not going to he close.
The constitution of the United States leaves the matter
of apportioning the representatives in congress to congress
Jtself; and the second clause of the 14th amendment gives
congress the authority to f kc thej number
- And if the reader will turn to that clause he will find
that in every state that "abridges" the right of a citizen to'
vote (and every southern state does), "the basis of represen
tation therein shall be reduced jin the proportion to the
avhole number of male citizens 21' years of age in such state."
The 19th (equal suffrage) amendment made the word
"male" of no effect. j
Well, if there were to be a close election, and it were con
tested, the United States supreme; court would have some big
questions to decide, outside of the neglect of congress to spe
cifically made a reapportionment based on the 1920 census.
1 Besides the fact that the election "will not be close, how
ever, there is another ithing, in the opinion of the writer, that
'would make, up the principle of the rule. It is this
t The constitution leaves this matter to congress, and its
action or failure to act, thus leaving the matter as it was,
would rule. Just the same as an office holder keeps his office
till his successor is "duly" elected !and qualified.
Every reader knows why the; southern states "abridge"
"the right of a citizen to vote; thatiit is done with the "grand
father" clause and in other ways to keep" the colored people
from voting .
' And in some of those states, as in Louisiana, the colored
t people make up a majority of the; whole population. So the
southern states have representatives in congress in number
proportionate to their whole population, and therefore presi
dential electors, too, in the same proportion
! Though the constitution is plainly against this. It s
all as "plain as a knot on a log," but nothing is done about it.
Congress, having the power to act, does not act. If the mat
ter mentioned by Senator Dill of Washington were carried to
the United States supreme court, the matter of the illegal
electoral votes from the southern states would have to go
But, even so, the writer believes the decision would be
that the vote would stand, till congress, having the power to
act, had actually taken action. 1
- But there are some big and! far reaching questions of
justice and right bound up in this matter.
Cool Rides Across Equator
rE equator passes through only two American nations
Brazil and Ecuador. In fact,; the latter country takes its
name from that imaginary line 4-
And Ecuador is the first country in the world to build
both a railway and a highway across the equator.
. So, today down in Ecuador we may take a train in Quito,
the country's capital, and ride to Cayambe. Quito is just 16
miles south of the equator and Cayambe is 50 miles north of
the line. This new rail link will form a part of the Pan
And in addition to the railroad an ancient Indian trail
crosses the equator. From Quito; northward work is in prog
ress in the modernization of this trail; and it is now possible
u motor to uaymmoe, and within a short time, further north
to Ibarra. From the latter place there is a usable automobile
road to the Colombian border. Within the last year or two
Dotn Ecuador and Colombia have been building highways to
ward each other. Recently, an automobile made the Journey
zrom uito into tJoiomJDia, and some parts of the route were
found to be in fine order. )
Southward from Quito there is a highway through the
Ecuadorian valley as far as Riobamba and motor cars fre-
Siently make this, 150-mile journey. The motorist, there
re, may drive from Colombia into Ecuador or travel more
than 200 miles "along the roof of the western world. Even
tually tnis road will form a link in the great Inter-American
wgnway. ; t - , j
: Does one suffer with the heat in traveling over this eoua
tonal highway?. No, not at all. The ride is a cool and de
lightful one. Remember we are moving along 10,000 feet up
in the air 10,000 feet higher than the sea. At this altitude
the temperature is usually, delightful; the sun may be warm
at midday but one needs, a blanket under which to sleep at
A Washington Bystander
-By Kirk L. Simpson-
WASHINGTON. It begins to
look as though Governor Smith
mapped his campaign plans for the
middle west invasion with a view
not only of recouping his loss of
Senator Simmons of North Caro
line as a sup-
tion put on the governor's an
nouncement that Nebraska would
be his main talking point in his
western invasion. He might just
as well have said he was going big
game hunting with Senator George
Norris of Nebraska as his hoped
porter, but pos-iror political trophy so far as
sibly returning Washington observers were con
with two or erned
cahnree irSr' Norris was BtU1 8ulkIng ln hia
'yujsiiaujr iu uc uio buuuici uuiuc
in Wisconsin, wnen the smun
plans were announced. Water
power was the subject on which
the Nebraskan crusaded in the
senate during the las&steslorf frith
all the ardor of his nature
from his belt.
And the real
bait on the
which he con.
ing in farm bloc
waters. It turns
out. is more ant
his ideas on water Dower
is the construc-
Klrfc L. Simpson
This, at least
Norris has .always been held to
wield much influence with others
of the group of irregular repub
licans in the senate who were con.
inuously a painful thorn in the
iide of Curtis of Kansas, now Hoo
ver's running mate, as majority
"Young Bob" Lafollette-has in
dicated many times a great degree
of respect and admiration for the
political principles and abilities in
statecraft of his Nebraska col
league. Blaine of Wisconsin to
some extent takes the same view.
Neither has yet declared himself
in the presidential race. Blaine
has denied having announced for
Smith; although admitting that
many of. his friends of Wisconsin
were going to vote lor tne New
It seems possible that Smith's
drive to capture Norris, if success
ful, might bring Mm also one or
both of the Wisconsin senators.
ln suDDort of
Hoover pbcslbly might influence
Norris' action. Shipstead, the
lone fanner labor senator, like
Norris, is still an unknown quan
tity ln Minnesota an dpresumably
a neutral in the presidential race.
Brookhart holds that Smith's
power policy pronouncement In his
acceptance speech precluded the
Kiaesion of Norris to the Smith
canse. such authorities as Sen
tor CopeUnd of New Tort haw.
ever. Insist Governor smttH.
icy of public development and rn.
eration of power with lease to pnb-
"c uuuea companies or other
Cr OB,T " the gateway.
w;a means continued public
ownership of tencnHnr rsi..
nd thereby strict regulation of
iwer rmies to consumers, meet
axactly the Norris viewpoint.
Expressions of Opinio from
S""! Readers' are
Welcomed for Use In f
Ceinsan. AU Letters Must
J This Need Not
Parents Hold Key
To School Problem
. Salem. Sept. lg.
To the Editor of the Sttm.n
On one point at least rfr. MUlie
to be in perfect agree.
louitr ior tne existence of secret
societies In the hlrh hnni rM.
upon the parents. If it
sible to have a personal intervfow
with each and every parent, ex
plain the matter to him. and ob
tain a definite statement no
pledge of any kind would be nec
essary. But with more than
thousand pupils expected at the
opening of school, this is a mani
fest impossibility; yet the matter
can net be left in uncertainty
The average pupil will not con
cern himself greatly over the
moral issue: he will follow the line
oi least resistance and sign rather
na gei into trouble. And if the
parent is indifferent, or on-
ourages this attitude, nothing
will be accomplished. There is
only oa way in which the matter
can be settled; and this is not by
indifference or evasion, but by a
direct refusal to comply with the
requirement, followed by a de
mand for the reinstatement of any
pupil who may be excluded.
But the mere abstract statement
that every one ought to be ex.
pected to obey the law will be of
no more value than the statement
that every one ought to tell the
truth in a court of law. Mr,
Millie would hardly accept the
testimony of a witness , who re
fused to be sworn on the ground
that he was under a moral obliga
tion to tell the truth anyway; yet
the oath; administered to the wit
ness is nothing more than a pledge,
" The solution of the whole mat
ter depends on public sentiment;
if that sentiment is indifferent, or
hostile, nothing permanent can be
accomplished; but In order to as
certain 'what .public opinion is.
some definite action must he
taken; and the requirement of the
pledge seems the simplest way of
getting results. If Mr. Millie's
contention is right, it ought to be
put to a test; if it is supported by
the sentiment of community, we
shall be .under the necessity of
changing our policy; and Mr. Mil
lie, will hare done a real service
to all concerned by forcing the Is
I could wish that others mrght
follow his example, and do as
much real thinking on the sub
ject as he has done; anything at
the present moment is better than
J. C. NELSON.
Principal High School.
Just as soon as Al Smith found
out what the equalisation fee
idea in the McNary-Haugen bill
was, he heaitily indorsed it.
If the democratic presidential
nominee could travel over the na
tion for a while be probably
would get: some Ide of national
kifSwlM Msssl tVt SttVAa i.
j Mm Ul lVUVO vs wa aswva 1 11,
Oregon. No wonder people are
eager to make tnetr nomes here.
Those girls soliciting magazine
subscriptions "to pay their way
through college" are working an
Spain has another "upheaval."
Life in that country seems to he
one long '.'Spanish randangio.'
A California youth threatened
his girl friend with a water pistol
and forced her to marry him. How
those California flappers do
Smoot says Hoover will
That makes it unanimous.
Register by October
your right to vote.
tooo Fda loss mwsP
nMOAJ OIL COMMNV Or CAUPOSJSttfc
- DO NT suffer headaches, or any ol
those pains that Bayer Aspirin cam
end m a hurry! Physicians prescribe
it, and. approve its free use, for it;
does not affect the heart. Every drug
gist has it, but don't fail to ask the
druggist for 'Bayer. And don't take
any but the box th
the word genuin.
ys Bayer, with
1 in red: .
the trrnd mark of
f Uoooacetlcaeldcattr et BaUcyUcacI"
Two "Irregular" Hooverites
Brookhart of Iowa, also of the
irregulars, is out for Hoover, as
is Howell. Norris colleague ln Ne
braska. : Norris and Howell have
oeen raieu as inenas as wen as
political associates. The fact that
V- He Did. Did He?
SAYS the La Grande Observer of Wednesday: "Smith's
Omaha talk, whether heard by radio last night or read in
today's paper, impressed different people differently. One
thing: is certain, it failed to contribute anything to the farm
relief question. Smith expressed; sympathy for the McNary
Haugen bill, but he has repudiated th eequalization fee prin
ciple. Which is all there is in controversy, in the bilL Gen
eralizations about controlling crbn surpluses and eettinor a
competent board of experts to find a' solution carry little
weight these days. Smith will win votes in the west on his
personality, but not many on his farm relief ideas."
- The La Grande paper is right. Smith did repudiate the
cyuauzauga lee pniKipie, caueq oy mac name, some days
back, in a newspaper interviews in New York,. At Omaha,
however, he said he was in favor of the McNary-Haugen bill
"principle," but he avoided mentioning- the equn!?-?tion fee
dv name, ui course, tne equalization fee "pruw is the
McNary-Haugen bill "principle? as everybodytknowi with
the possible exception of Mr. Smith :
7 So it is evident that he will have to explain his position
figain, if he wants the corn belt voters to get it exactly
straignt ; also us eastern supporters who are against the
equauzat - .nee. , - - - - .
One-hajf of the housing facilities being buOt in the' large
Cities are apartment houses. It is assumed that the cliff
J ...t Al A .
si w eiiera woo occupy (nose structures , nave a new version
reading it-crer sornuev there's no place like a flat"- i
SHEEN not SHINE
Do your stockings have the soft
glow of inner fire? Are they lus-
trous even after many wearings?.
Yes if they are McCallums. For
the famous McCallum sheen is the
result, of rarallel knitting-threads
laid side by side so regularly that
they reflect every ray of light and
send it sparkling, softly glowing to
In correct colors for the season -$2.00
the pair. Box of 3 pair, $550
The Price Shoe Co.
I 135 No. Uberty
in the States
can now be
well .as society ed
itor and Pacific