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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 1, 1928)
I "V W " i -7 T , .T
I riofr Dnp hi i ll
A GOOD EXCUSE.
JTr' Y V TOR AWMLE! V Istr
r-... . : t-;; t , : . i
The Duty on Wheat
TR NICHOLS of Montana, testifying before the inter
i otofo mmprcA commission on the Portland-Seattk
rate case stated that the import duty on wheat was of im-
..oi. n tho farmers, that it created "high premium
.ti eoirt tw "it is onlv when the premiums exceed
u-:M-M4- v.or Canadian hard wheat moves into the
United States in competition with Montana hard wheat. The
import duty on wheat and tne aemana 01 me pwH w w
hard wneai wun mg & 7
tana growers, much higher prices than they would get if
wheat were on the free list." There is expert, testimony aSj
Mr Miller was representing the Montana millers and knows
what he was- talking about. His statement was based on
facts, not on political expediency. , Anybody who cares to be
- honest wiU have to admit that the duty on wheat is highly
beneficial to agriculture. Corvallis Gazette-Times. .
rvranllis naner is riirht. Of course the duty on
wheat is highly beneficial to agriculture. Under the present
. . - . t... W 1 rT tiro a on QTV.
tariff law the rate was u cenis a uusnw.
peal to the United States tariff commission, and .after in
vestigation President Coolidge by proclamation raised it 40
per cent, 'to 40 cents a bushel. He had the power, under the
elastic clause of the act, to raise it 50 per cent, or to 45cents
-i a bushel ' . . ' ,
That would give ample protection if we produced no sur
plus. But we do produce an annual surplus of 100,000,060 to
150,000,000 bushels of wheat; and the protective duty of 42
; cents a bushel does not help in disposing of this surplus.
Hence the McNary-Haugen idea, or the Jardine plan, or the
Hoover nrooosition. to take care of the surplus
That is, in effect, to put the protective duty in action.
It can be done, in any one pf the three ways, i
Someday ; perhaps in-10 to 15 years, there will be no
surplus. Then nothing will be needed but.an adequate pro
tective tariff rate.
Why Should I Vote?
A PRIZE of $1,000 tor a nation-wide high school essay con
gest on the subject, "Why Should I Vote?" sponsored by
thegreneral federation of women's clubs and approved by the
chairman of the republican and democratic national commit
tees, promises to give great impetus to the movement to edu
cate American voters for the coming election.
At a recent meetincr of the national civic association the
contest was proposed by Mrs. John D. Sherman, president pfJ
the general federation; the plan wa immediately approved
and, was met by John Hays Hammond, president of the civic
federation, wili thcoffer of the $1000 prize. j
Mrs. William R. Alvord of Detroit, chairman of the de
partment of American citizenship of the general federation
of women s clubs, is in charge of the organization of joint
committees on citizenship consisting of representatives of
local groups, in 500 of the largest cities of the country.
"Indifference of the rank and file of American citizens
toward the franchise is a serious menace to the upholding of
our cherished American institutions, ,said Mrs. Alvord.
"We citizens, while deploring 'the growth of lawlessness
and crime, cpntinue to overlook the remedy which lies in our
own handsJthe ballot, by which officials may be elected who
will enforce the laws and control crime. Absorbed in things
our business interests, our homes, our social Iff e, our motor
cars we have allowed to grow up an indifference toward a
most fundamental possession, our right to vote. Such civic
apathy threatens the very foundations of our government."
What Is the Use?
THERE is reported a movement to rush the proposed com
mission and city manager charter onto the ballot for the
November election ; by petition.
The movement ought to fail. Ntf one is justified in sign
ing such a petition. The proposition in its present form
would not be accepted. The expenses incident to the cam
paign and election would make a needless waste
For the people of Salem will not vote for a charter that
would make a city manager an autocrat; that would make
the mayor a dummy; that would deprive the people of the
wards of the assumed advantage of being represented in the
municipal government by their coUncilmen
And4here are a number of other reasons why the thing
wouht"be buried under a landslide of adverse totes. Those
reasons would have to be presented to the people ; this news
paper would be bound to present them, in the line of ita
Twice such plans have failed before the people, after vig
orous "campaigns of education." Properly drawn, the plan
would be a good one; perhaps better than the corporation or
council plan. But it is not properly drawn. andJf were it
would not carry
A corporation Or council plan would carry now; and it
would accomplish virtually the same benefits. If we are to
make the try at all now, why not. make it in a form that will
carry, instead of under auspices and specifications that
would surely mean defeat?
Gorg W. Holcomb, muugw
of the Salem canning company,
wax here yesterday, going on to
Oswald West, the newly ap
pointed land agent, opened bis of
fice In the state house yesterday.
Mrs. West is still In Astoria.
Miss Reba Cans started this
morning for Lostine, Oregon,
where she will teach in the public
We Gam' t All
President Coolidge has caught a
ten-inch grayling ini the Brule. If
that can command a ten-inch news
story in eTery paper in the coun
try, we'd like to. hate the presi
dent tie into one of the Rogue
River steelheads. This would
take several columns and if he,
landed it, would be worth a page.'
Grants Pass Courier.
Henry Ford has come out for
Htfover, but, as he is not a Quaker '
we do not look for him to resign
'as head of the Ford motor com
pany tobecome Hoover's campaign
manager. Corvallis Gazette-:
But we can at .least follow his example. Lindbergh
leaves nothing to chance. He tests his engine, he
studies his maps, he 'routes his course. He tajces
every precaution that is humanly possible. So should
Have you made' provision for th$ future or are you
foolishly taking a chance. Did you realize that thou
sands upon thousands of travel accidents occur every
year and there's no telling when ydu may be, a victim.
Think of your loved ones and secure, this protection,
today before it is too late to take out a
The wisdom of President Coo-
Iidge's appointment of Dwight W. ;
Morrow as ambassador to Mexico
was doubted by many at the time ;
it was made. Morrow was a Wall :
j Street financier and it was feared
!his banking connections' would J
ieuu 10 maae irouDie wun our.
neighbor to the south. Such has
not been the case. Morrow has"
apparently forgotten that he ever
lhad a penny in Wall Street, and
I he has shown excellent sense and ;
.discretion and fairness in dealing I
wun Mexico. The country has
come to look upon him as a good
friend. San Jose. Calif., Mercury-
Discord and Councils
CITY MANAGER Charles E. Ashburner of Stockton.
Calif., has just resigned, explaining "that the dis
cord in the community dictates his action in the interests of
Stockton's future," according to .the Record. That news
paper says the action of the city manager in "tendering his
resignation to the city council was not unexpected." So
Stockton evidently has the corporation form of city govern
ment. It has a city council, and the citv council evidently
elects the city manager, or at least fills the vacancy in case
Ann T- . . 4 1 1 ? 1 XI X ' i
"c wuja. it, ia luiuier expumiea. inat me city manager
resigned Decause or "discord and abuse heaped upon him,"
dui, it is aaaea, "nis greatest work for Stockton was in unit
ing diverse local elements into a harmoniousi whole early in
iis administration when the citizenry got behind a notable
program designed to make that city a great inland metrop
This matter is of peculiar interest to Salem at the pres
ent time, when the question of a new charter is being dis
cussed here. CSty managers have their troubles; especially
when there is division of the people into factions, which the
ccuiu says is me conaiuon at otocKion, with the progres
sive element in too small a majority for effective work.
; Al Smith says no sensible man can take exception to his
peech bf acceptance. Where does that place you, dear
reaaer i . -
roiice &rait is getting to be so
unusual that its discovery in Phil
adelphia the other day was worth
an Associated Press dispatch.
And still the New Statesman
grows and grows and grows.
IT an attempt is made to jam
that proposed city charter through
at the November election those
back of the plot are apt to join
Al Smith and Jim Robinson on
the mourners' bench.
Anyway, its a 'relief to kno
that stench came from a state
sewer and not from the city hall
With a dally distribution of
approximately 10,000 the New
Statesman soon will rank as one
of the truly great dailies of the
Father Buck, in telUng what
he thinks of the liquor problem.
makes a nice distinction between
temperance and prohibition.
Os West stays on the democra
tic national committee; and Milt
Miller, as perennial candidate.
What a pair! What leaders of
Henry Ford plans a "museum
village" of ancient and historic
buildings. We know of several
towns down South which he could
put a fence around and use "as
It needed only that drenching
rain at Jim Robinson's notifica
tion, following the downpour when
Al Smith was notified, to. bear
evidence as to the wetness of the
democratic standard-bearers, re
gardless of what Jim says.
China objects to Roy Chapman
Andrews bringing fossils out of
that country. America would be
better off if we could ship some
of ours to China as a sort of swap.
A Yakima woman of 78 took
a ride In an airplane and liked
it. She now plans to learn to fly
her own plane. Which goes to
show that you Just can't keep a
good woman down.
Wasn't .it significant the way
Jim Robinson carefully avoided
mentioning the liquor question
and continually chattered about
"Al Smith's Speech Strengthens
Grain" headlines a New York pa
per. Sure, and the grain strength
ened undoubtedly was "corn."
The Statesman's 'Fourteen Points'
A ProsressiYe Program To Which This Newspaper
. Is Dedicated
of th Willamette valley.
Efficient republican gov
ernment far nation, state
county and city. .
Clcaa news, jmst oplnioa
and fair practice.
Upbuilding , of Orrgoa
young- llnea industry.
A modern city charter for
Salem, adopted after ma
tare consideration by all
Helpful encouragement to
beet sugar growers and
other pioneers la agricul
Park andplayground de
velopment for aJJ people. .
. Centralization isithln the
capital city area of all state
offices and inctltntlons.
10. Comprehensive plan for the
development of the Oregon
' State Fair. t
Coaservation of natural re
sources for the public good,'
Superior school facfliUea,
encouragement of teachers
ad active cooperation with
Fraternal and social or
ganisation ef the greatest
possible number of per
14. Winning to Marion coun
ty's fertile lands the hlgh
"cst type of citizenship.
The Mojalla Pioneer says can
didly: "We cannot get the logic
of the argument that the cure for
our liquor troubles Is more and
A. New Yorker at Large
Bv G. D. S-vmour
NEW YORK Treating a streetSystem wtoi Exceptions
number along many of New York's
4.6 IS. 4 miles of thoroughfares is
a task to confound even a native.
Avenues running lengthwise of'
Manhattan Island, and many
which run in other directions, are
numbered from "one" with no re
gard for whether they start up
town or down. Broadway begins
at the Battery, Sixth avenue is the
center of Greenwich Village, Fifth
avenue at Washington Square and
Madison avenue at Madison square
wherefore the traveler who starts
east across town from Times
Square intersects Broadway in the
1600's( Sixth avenue in the 600 s.
Fifth avenue in the 400's and
Madison in the 300's.
If an address cannot be identi
fied as in the vicinity of Times
Square, the Grand Cent raj Station,
Greenwich Village or some other
familiar district, many a stranger
finds is simplest first to locate the
street he seeks, and then to fol
low it In either direction until he
finds he right number.
Crosstowu streets above the vi
cinity of Washington Square are
numbered east and" west, from
Fifth avenus. Here. too. avenues
run norm ana soutn ana Bireeis
east and west. But downtown a
street is a street In whatever dl-
recion it runs, and even in sec
tions which are not a part of "old
New York" an occasional con-
"course stops suddenly and another
begins. Fourth avenue, for In
stance, becomes Para avenue at
Thirty-fourth street wihtdut a
break in the width or straightness
of the thoroughfare.
Riverside Drive starts at Seven
ty-second street, and the number
ing of its apartments begins there
just below the eminence from
which the two-million-dollar man
sion of Charles M. Schwab over
looks the Hudson. On the Drive,
as elsewhere, it is impossible Ho
deduce from the street number the
location of a given address.
But one New Yorker has di
vined in the numbering along the
Drive a pattern which tbose who
assigned the numbers probably
did not anticipate. Since it begins
it Seventy-second street, he takes
a tenth of the stree number he is
huning and adds it to
310 Riverside Drive 3
totaling 103 will be found near
the intersection of 103rd street;
and 4 SO Riverside Drive can be
located at 120th street.
Unfortunately even this system
has its limitations. For above
Grant's Tomb the Drive crosses
a viaduct ana tnere are no mori
apartments until the farther bank
is reached. There the next numner
appears, as U tnere naa oeen no
lapse, and so the formula fails
north of 125th street.
Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler i
wants it distinctly understood that 4
while he is against Hoover for
president he is still a regular re-
nnhllQn Tl w T) . . 1 : i i .
! uu.ivuu. mji. uuurr siuiyiy caul
oear io give up the kick that he:
gets every four years out of at-j
tending the republican national,
convention as a delegate from!
New York and protesting against :
the eighteenth amendment or the
party's foreign policy, or some
thing. Yakima Republic. I
Travel Accident Insurance Policy
for every member of your family between the ages,
of 15 arid 70.
You can easily afford to do- it for the cost of each
poney 13 only
LIFERS SERVE FEW
YEARS IN PRISON
Broadway's Baby Brother
Broadway, discourse, is the
longest New York street, running
the length of Manhattan Island,
across the Bronx and on to Yen-
kers. It is often called tne longest
single street-in the Lnited States,
but it isn't. The shortest street in
the city is down near where Broad
way begins. It is Edgar street, less
than 100 feet long.
When will it rain?
Hop men have a right to expect
some showers next week, harking
back to the years of the past
And the state fair people have
a record of past years to give them
hope ror a dry weather period be
ginning the 24th.
Walter Ixw. street commission
er, hopes to have reasonably fair
weather conditions for paving till
November 15th. He figures it that
way each year. Last year, his
equipment bad to go into winter
or rather rainy season quarters oc
November 10th. Though there
were some fine days after that
which might have been utilized.
had the outfits not been put away
and the working forces scattered.
Mr. Loe has ample work to
last till -November 15tn. for all
his street paving equipment anr
forces. And enough left over, ir
approved projects, to last the bet
ter part of next year. He wn
round out the present season with
about 100 'blocks paved, if the
The Redmond Statesman ob- weatner goas do not send too f re
serves that the voters will rer ioi d too copious showers be
chance to vote down the Dunne 'tween 0118 tIm Bd th middle of
Bits for Breiakfast
By R. 1. If" -
If you imagine Salem is not
I growing, you might figure up the
auto bill after alL So long as it
does not become a law it matters
little as to the manner of its
Henry Ford says that "What a
man can imagine he eventually
will be able to make' We can im
agine a quart of 20-year, old
Scotch, but making it is something
else again, ilawrus.
A Eugene citizen who has just
returned from Europe says all It
aly is pulling for Al Smith's elec
tion. There must be a, reason for
November. The Bits man was
about to say the ide of Novem
ber. Or would it be the nodes?
freight business of this city, and
compare it with that of two years
ago, or five or ten or twenty
rears. You would be convinced.
And only just a fair start has so
far been made.
If you happen to share his en
thusiasm, he's a man of vision;
if you don't, he's a crank.
There are few village divorces.
It's easier, to fight it out than to
xplain to the neighbors.
; If Tom Mix can get tax exemp
tion by charging his street clothes
to advertising, why can't the la
Jles do it?
m "a '
j Povery causes crime. The gang
'eaders and bootleggers usually
luit when tbey get a few millions.
The new flivver may be sport-
er but it isn't the sportsman of
he old one was. It doesn't rattle
before it strikes.
: Memory Is short and we can't
-emember a single phrase of any
lead language except "rushing the
Americanism: Trying to save
he soul of the other fellow, who is
employing another method to save
Persons sent to the Oregon
state penitentiary under life sen
tence have served an average of
five years, four months and two
days, according to a report made '
here Thursday by prison officials. ',
7 Thus!"e yuri cuverea ine period
1 and 72I1860 to 928-
uurwg 1560 to 1870 life term
prisoners served an average of
two years, two monhts and 20
days. During 1870 to 1880 the
average increased . to three ,years.
nine months and 29 days. From :
I8S0 to 1890 the average term
served was'five years, one month
and 27 days. Life term prisoners
sent to the penitentiary during
me period 1S90 to. 1900 served an
average term of six years, three
months and 18 days. The highest
average was reached from 1900 to
1910, when the life term prison
ers served an average of seven
years, seven months and 20 days.
During 1910 to 19 20 the aver
age wa3 five years, three months
and 28 days. Since 1920 to July
28 of this year the average in
creased over the preceding 10
years to six years. 10 months and
29 days. During the entire period.
34 7 prisoners entered the peni
tentiary under life term sentences,
of which 270 were released. Sixty-four
received pardons, 88 con-
auionai paraons ana in 2 5 cases
the sentences were commuted. Ten
of the life term prisoners escaped.
3 6 died. 15 were transferred to
the insane asylum, and sefen were
granted retrials. Nineteen were
dismissed, five were transferred
to raerai prisons, and one com
There are now 77 life term men
and women in the pententlary.
with average terms now served of
seven years, nine months and 25
days. The largest number of life
term prisoners were in the pen
itentiary during the period 1910
0RFGL1N JERSEY tS
wllM OF MEML
Old Oregon's Yesterdays
Town Talk From the Statesman Oar Fathers Read
teptetnber 2, 11U3 I engines on the main line to burn
wiuts wcEIroy. leader ef the coal in the future.
Salem Military ban&. has fomnnn.! ;
There are fewer golf widows
since the "nineteenth hole" was
The new Italian tennis cham
pion is named Gasolini. How do
you suppose he ever survives a
match? Forth Worth
ed a march in honor of W. H
Wehrung. president of O. A. C.
H. L. Sumner has opened a bar
ber shop at -123 State street.
Recorder J. C. Siegmund'e fee
collections for the month of Aug
ust totaled only 9272.55.
ThW engine that pulled the
Southern Pacific overland engine
Record-1 last bight was the, last. oa that
I line to burn wood., all passenger
Senator John H. Mitchell visited
the D. S. Indian-Training school
at Chemawa yesterday. Senater
Mitchell is the senior Oregon sen
Attorney-General A. M. ' Craw
ford has returned from Crater
Captain and Mrs. S. B. Ormsby
have returned from San Francis
co: where they attended the G A
The American Jersey Cattle club
has awarded a gold medal to Ply
mouth Alice, a purebred Jersey
cow which completed a. very fine
record in the herd of Warren
Gray, of Marion. Ore. In this 305
day official production test Alice
yielded 664.97 lbs. of butterfat
and 11.276 lbs. of milk. Her milk
averaged 5.90 per cent butterfat
for the test and she was with calf
for 170 days ot this time, thus
winning her gold medaL For
three of the months of the test
her yield was above 74 lbs. of but
Plymouth Alice was first tested
when she was 5 years and
months of age. and in that test
she produced 599.49 lbs. of but
terfat and 8.731 lbs. of milk, with
calf. Her sire is the gold and sil
ver medal bull. Plymouth ' Lad's
Majesty, and her dam Is Belle
For Old Murder
OSSINING. N. Y...Aug. 31.
(AP) Martin I. Millet, a negro.
died in the electric chair at Sing
Sing prison Thursday for the mur
der last Ilarch of Mrs. Helen C.
Kimball. . a ! Brooklyn school
teacher.""', : .
Here Are a Few of
the Many Benefits
Fqy loss of life by wrecking or disablement of a railroad paaser.g-r
car or street, elevated or underground railway etir. iassengr gteanisr :;.
or -steam boat, in or on which insured is traveling as a tare paying
passenaer as specified in Part I oC policy.
For loss of life by wrecking of public omnibus, taxicab. auto s;a-r-
which is being; driven or operated atftbe.tijne of such wrecking r
disablement by a licensed driver, plying tor public hire and in wj... h
the insured is traveling a a fare-payine passenger or by the rivk:ns
or disablement of a passenger elevator, ; bands, tevt or sigh;, ias spevi
stied in Part 11 of policy;. .
For loss of life by wrecking of a private automobile or rriv.;
drawn vehicle of the exclusively pleasure type as pro Id I :r.
by beiaf struck or knocked down wh:!e wa'.kicg oa s fu:! c !
by a moving vehicle as set forth in policy t, or being sin t..
ning. cyclone Or tornado. co!!ap.e of outer walis of acy builcir.g.
burning of any church, theater, library, school or municipal t;
ice or sigai. tpeciuea in x ri it 01 poncy.
Pays $20.00 Weekly
For injuries sustained In any manner specified In Part I or II which
shall not prove fjt.l or cause specific Joss as aforesaid 6u: siiail im
mediately, continuously and wholly and i prevent the insured frorr. rr
forjiog each sod every duty, pertaining . to say aa dtry kind of
trtfsiness (As specified in tijc policy bu.t not exceeding. i conaecu;. . e
Pays $10.00 Weekly
lor Injuries sustained in any manner specified In Part IV which V:. a::
not prove fatal or cause specific loss as aforesaid but shall immed:a:.
continuously and wholly prevent the insured from performing exi a .in 1
. every duty pertaining to any and every kind of business, tas ; (.: -1
In the policy) but not exceeding 15 consecutive weeks.
If a bodily injury for which a weekly indemnity Is payable un.l. v r .
policy, is suffered by the Insured, and if on account of said t-xli:
Injury the insured is removed to a regularly Incorporated hospit-.n. ihe
Company will pay the insured in addition to the said weekly indem
nity; for a period not exceeding five weeks. t?.0 per week. ,
Emergency Benefit Registration
Identification and Financial Aid
The Company will register the person Insured, and if Insured snaZl. by
reason of injury, be physically unable to communicate with relatives or
friends and in a condition requiring- identification, the Company will,
upon receipt of message siting your potior numbeis immediately trans
mit to such relatives or friends aa may be known to It any Information
respect! og the Insured and. will defray all expenses to' put tlie insured
In communicaiioa with ami in the care of relatives or friends provided
such expenses shall not exceed the sum of One Hundred Dollars
THE NEW OREGON STATESMAN
Gentlemen : -
Tow are hereby authorized te eater my aabasriptioa to The New
Oregon Statesman for on year from date. It to understood that The
New Oregon Statesman is to be delivered to my address regularly each
daf by your avtfaorixed carrier and I shall pay bun (or the sasae at the
regular established rat of Sftc per -'h
... 2L !lIofn? ,Jprmt 11 J IHUc I asa t receive a
$1.M.M Travel Accident Insurance Policy issued by the North Amer
ican Insurance Company of ChicSLgD, lUionia,
I am not at present a subscriber to The New Oregon Statesman
I am now a subscriber to the Oregon Statesman