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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 16, 1928)
Earl C. Brownlek
Sheldon F. Sackett
I keep iIIniM about many things, for I do mot
wane to pat people oat of countenance; and I am
well coa teat 11 they are pleased with thing that
. ; .- mmmoy me-3oethe. . ..
A City Manager for Salem
r took a tidal wave at Galveston to subject
the traditional mayor-council type of city
government to critical examination. In the
face of . that great disaster the old govern
ment was paralized and did! nothing. An
emergency commission of business men took
charge and under its direction the city was
rebuilt. Hie restored city could see no rea
son to go back to the old order.
The new form of city government was
adopted by many other cities and quickly won
arroroval from students of government. The
new government had the advantage of cen-
trauzing responsiDuiiy. nneu tunupwuii
was rampant the public could put a firm
hand down on five men and feel them
squirm, while under the old system the
mayor blamed the council and it blamed the
mayor. The council, if cornered, blamed its
committees and so tne duck was nassea wun
consummate skill until the public had some
thing else to think about.
Under the new system men were put on a
salary to handle the city government as their
i. j : i u i.i ii.:-..
ousiness ana not as an mciueuuii uuug
'crowded into their spare moments! as under
the council type. Improvements fallowed in
every city which adopted the commission
.-form. Governmental costs were reduced and
greater efficiency secured, but. the millen
nium in civic affairs did not dawn. Political
scientists went to work to discover why the
maximum of expected improvement was not
realized. They soon found it.
Lender the theory of the commission form
the commissioners individually are experts
heading a highly specialized and technical
department of government while collectively
they formulate public policies. Analysis of
city personnel in many different cities
showed that the commissioners were largely
the same men who held office under the old
regime and were not the expected experts.
It is seldom that men who are large enough
to be trusted by the citizens to formulate
public policy are in position to accept a full
time job as a commissioner at the salary
usually paid, especially in view of the ex
pense and uncertainty of appeal for election
at the hands of the electorate. So commis
sion governments are often in charge of
rather mediocre men who accomplish more
than they would under the mayor-council
type because they have better working conditions.
What was to be tried next? Nowhere was
On Farm Relief 1 7 V
Oregonian of yesterday, under the
heading, 'The Simplest Way says,
among other things: "Mr. Hoover summar
izes the proposals of the republican platform
as pledging the party 'especially to build up
with federal finance farmer owned and farm
er controlled stabilization corporations which
will protect the farmer from the depressions
and demoralization of seasonal gluts ana per
iodical surpluses.' . .
The plan is to do through co-operatives
what the McNary-Haugen bill would have
done through a huge federal bureau for as
sessment, collection and disbursement 01 an
equalization fee on each unit of a crop where-
of there was a surplus, a ieaerai revolving
fund of several hundred million dollars would
provide capital under both plans, .but the
Jardine plan, which is in substance that ap
proved in the republican platform, requires
payment of , interest, while the last version
of the McNary-Haugen bill does not. As the
farm leaders desire surplus control 'without
government subsidy they should prefer the
Jardine plan, for it grants a loan, not a sub
sidy or gift. .v
If what the Oregonian says in the above
two paragraphs is the correct interpretation
of what the republican platform means, then
it favors the McNary-Haugen idea , rather
than the Jardine plan-
For the McNary-Haugen idea is to not
have any government subsidy at all, but to
make the different farm groups producing
major crop surpluses provide in the equaliza
tion fees the funds to pay or guarantee
against losses on products sold abroad.
If the Jardine plan calls for interest, who
is to pay the interest? And who is to guar
antee the United 'States treasury against
losses (and thus a government subsidy), un
less there is an equalization fee, paid by the
members of each farm group receiving the
benefit of higher prices? The fact is, the
original Jardine plan was for the government
to take or risk the losses, with the belief m
the mind of Mr. Jardine, secretary of agri
culture, that there would be no losses in the
operation of his plan over a series of years
Which other people have doubted; which
Senator McNary, co-author of the McNary
Haugen proposal, doubts.
"Taking wheat as an example, about 75
per cent of the crop would be sold at home,
25 per cent for export price," says the Ore
gonian. At tirst, it would be more nearly SO
per cent sold at home and 10 per cent "for
There would be a tendency for the propor
tion of the home sales to increase and the
Cinderella and Her Godmother
s . 1 . 4 .'
Old Oregon's Yesterdays
Town Talk From the Statesman Oar Fathers Read
August 16, 1003
Frank Curtis, shop guard at
the penitentiary, haa been appoint
ed first warden to succeed E. A.
MePherson, resigned. .
Councilman W. C. Hubbard and
family bare returned from an. out-Ian-
at Woods, on the Big Nestu-
J. H. Campbell has purchased
the Joseph Be rani property at Lib
erty and Union and is making ex
Prof. S. M. Parrin and wife
hare gone to San Francisco where
he will attend the G. A. R. en
campment. Ex-GoTernor T. T. Geer has
gone to Core, Union county, call
ed by the Illness of his iather, H.
Joseph Pulitzer has provided the
sum of 12,000,000 to establish a
school of Journalism at Columbia
university, according to press dis
patches from New York.
C. D. Gabritlson returned yes
terday from Ashland.
The flax crop In this rtcinity
amounts to about. 250 tons, ac
cording to the estimate of Eugene
Bosse, flax expert.
A range war is raging in Lew
is and Clark counties, Montana,
according to press dispatches.
This Date in-
the voice of any recognized studer- - J??0 decrease fo.r the Population of the
ernment raised for a return to the discredit
ed mayor-council form. The council-manager
type was offered as a solution! Under
this system the electorate selects a small
group of representative citizens, who con
stitute the policy forming body in city af
fairs. They are limited to stating policies
and selecting a responsible administrator,
called a city manager, to execute them. Such
.v manager can be paid an adequate salary to
acure an executive of large caliber and the
; ange of selection is nation wide.
This man has full charge of the executive
work of the city, with ample authority to
control his subordinates. He can select his
staff from men who are qualified to do their
work and is not dependent upon the glad
handers who have been elected to office re
gardless of their qualifications. As long as
the manager does, his work successfully he is
left alone. If he fails it is up to the council
to find someone who can do it. The plan is
simply the way of every great corporation.
ihe electorate corresponds to the stockhold
ers, the council is the board of directors and
the city manager is the general manager of
;he business. The experience, of every city
which has tried it shows it works for the
Mttty as efficiently as it does for business.
Salem, being some miles from the sea, has
HAT hsn O tinol nra va - wo m 4 itv a d
aaw imu vtuai netve tu naive lk u ailU It
has had no fearful abuses in government be
cause it has been served by a high type of
citizen, uut Salem, which has done remark
ably well under the antiquated mayor-council
form of government, will do better under
the council-manager type. The city is grow
ing and its problems will be increasingly
complex. It deserves the best civic machin
ery that can be furnished.
. How The.Oc.ean Flyers Died- i
TTTHAT are the last moments of an unsuc-
VV cessful ocean flight like? What is the
nature of the final tragedy in mid-ocean
. A lot of us have tried to picture it, since
il j.1 XT 1 s-t: i
Cue disappearance vi n uugcaacr auu vaju auiu
the others who were lost at sea. Now comes
Commander Richard E. Byrd's book, "Sky
ward,' to tell us. w '
Byrd's plane, you remember, came down in
the water of f the French coast. If it had not
been close to land Byrd and his three com
panions undoubtedly would have 1 drowned.
Byrd gives a graphic description of the
The plane hit the water with terrific
force. He was dazed by the blow; a moment
later he found himself swimming around in
fK a - tvafai TAtt-iIa : ha At flitAty pao A alt mKinw
va navvtf Aviiro ujowimwu. vutuuui
out of a window of the sinking plane ; Acosta
and Balchen appeared a moment later, swim
ming near the wreckage.
Fortunately; they were able to get ashore.
But that account of the wreck gives us an
understanding of what the last moments of
other less fortunate aviators must' have been
like. ' ;l
Under orders of the metropolitan commis
sioner, London police are forbidden to chew
gum while on duty. Is this an English slam
against Americans 7
, London railway porters are protesting
feminine styles. Women wear , so little
clothes that they need no trunks and are
able to carry their own-bags. What are hon
est bag luggers, to do 7
New York clothiers are worrying how
they can make men more "clothes con
scious." : We should think that New York
summer 'weather would solve their problem,
United States is growing and will grow fast.
It will not be long till no McNary-Haugen
idea, nor any Jardine plan, will be needed, for
we will have no major farm surpluses. We
will be using all we produce. The protective
tariff will be sufficient. The only use of
either a McNary-Haugen idea or a Jardine
plan is to render the protective tariff opera
tive, against foreign competition.
The Oregonan writer goes on at length in
an involved argument in favor of the farmer
owned and controlled corporations, backed
by government money but in the mass of
the argument it says : "There would be no
direct assessment of a fee against each
bushel of wheat or corn, each bale of cotton,
or each pound of pork, but in the "final set
tlement for each crop year the cost of hand
ling the surplus would be distributed just as
equitably as by the levy of a fee, which
would actually be a tax."
That is clear it is just the same thing by
another name. Somebody must pay the fee.
or the tax. You may chase the simple thing
all around Robin Hood s barn," but it comes
back to this.
The McNary-Haugen people simply called
a spade a spade. All the rest of the farm
groujs and experts have merely sought and
are still seeking to take the curse off of the
spade by calling it a farm implement, or
some other name. ;
Any way, Mr. Hoover promises farm re
lief, and he will see that it is provided. And
he will get to the point in the most equitable
way possible; or several ways. He mentions
a few of them in his acceptance speech, and
he will likely further explain during the
And, better still, he will act wnen he be
Women Find Better Jobs
YOU know, of course, that there was a tre
mendous increase in ' the number of
American women who worked for their living
between 1910, and 1920. Dont' you?
Well, you're mistaken. --The Women's Bu
reau of the Department of Labor reveals that
the increase in the number'of women work
ers' in that decade was the smallest in 50
What really happened was that the num
ber of women in some jobs increased enor
mously, while the number of women in other
jobs decreased. Women servants, - for in
stance, declined in number about 14 per cent,
while the shrinkage in the number of women
in agricultural work was even greater. On
the other hand, the number of women in' pro
fessions increased 39 per cent, white women
in clerical work increased 140 per cent.
Nearly as many women were earning their
own living 15 years ago as now, but they
were doing it in less pleasant and remunera
nriHE Bureau of Railway Economics, at
'JL Washington, reveals that rail shipments
of fresh fruits and vegetables have practical
ly doubled in the last ten yean. The in
crease is due largely to improvements in
methods of transportation of such perishable
This represents a real service to the nation
as a whole. It has meant that, more: and
more, people have: been able to enjoy such
foods- "out of season" ; the housewife no
longer has to rely on the can-opener between
September and July. The inhabitant of the
northern part of the country no longer finds
his winter diet a vastly different affair from
his summer diet. Both his health and his en
joyment cf life have been enhanced.
By KIRKEL I,. SIMPSON
(Aasoriated Press Staff Writer)
WASHINGTON.' (AP) State
department folk look at the "outlaw-war"
language of the foreign
policy planks ot both the Kansas
City and Hous
the phrase as
fact and apt to
the. p o p ul a r
mind as to what
ed to make
; wars less prob-
Slmpson able actually
do. But It's a fine sounding slogan
and evidently is not to be'dodged.
It eren got into the British ac
ceptance of the Kellogg treaty
signed by Sir Austen Chamberlain,
who should know better.
Department Looked On
Incidentally, the department did
not stand idle when the foreign
plank was In the making at Kan
sas City. One "Bill" Castle, assis
tant secretary of state and a good
lad when a little fixing of that sort
is to be done, was very much in
eridence around the resolutions
committee there. The plank may
be aaid to have full state depart
ment approval except for that war
outlawry tag end to its complete
I i. -r-mm
Norman Davis, both former demo
cratic under secretaries of state
and Polk probably the most
popular man personally with the
permanent folks at the depart
ment of all the political appointees
from secretary down in the last
decade or two, might be able to
swing a little Influence. Wholly
unofficially, they were approached.
But Polk didn't go to Houston at
all and the outlaw war thing bob
bed up there, even lacking a Borah
to ride it through.
And that's that. Diplomacy and
domestic politics may be on speak,
ing terms at times; but they don't
always see eye to eye.
Speaking of the state depart
ment, there Is considerable gossip
about Secretary Kellogg's personal
plans. Many folk, in and out of the
state department and diplomatic
corps, are wondering whether he
might not ride out of office vol
untarily on the ware of accom
plishment signalized by signing of
the new peace treaty in Paris. No
body blamed him for sitting tight
when the democratic-liberal as
sault to oust him was going full
blast just a few months ago. Who
likes to quit under fire?
But things hare changed a lot
in the foreign relations field. Mexi
can relations hare been Morrow
ized; Nicaragua Stimsonized, with
'General McCoy mopping up: China
i affords a tribute to Mr. Kellogg
endorsement of administration " ucy,l."l'
foreign policy. But Castle or no P""auc augers ana. w cruwu
Castle. Senator Borah was not to " com" ?ece
lucre Kcuia uiiiu icii ivi uu
E. K. Bragg, state industrial ae
cident commissioner, will return
here Sunday after two weeks spent
in eastern and central Oregon,
Mr. Bragg formerly liyed at La
Grande where he was postmaster.
He also serred as county school
superintendent of schools.
Air Mail Making
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah, Aug.
A 10 per cent increase in air
mail since establishment of the
new fire cent rate was announced
by W. C. Irving Glover, second as
sistant postmaster general who ar.
rived here today with Dr. Hubert
Work, republican national chair
man. He announced that the Boeing
company has made arrangements
for several new planes specially
equipped for carrying air mail with
capacities of 1800 pounds. These
planes Mr. Glover said, ..will not
be equipped for hauling passen
Cole Takes Post
At Oakland, Cal.
ROSE DALE, Aug. 15. Ken
neth Cole left last Sunday for Oak
land, Calif., where he is to work
for Montgomery Ward and com
pany. Kenneth Is the son of Mr.
and Mrs. C. A. Cole, and for the
past several months has been
working In the Ward Portland
1792 First theater la Boston
185S First cable to cross the At
lantic put in operation and
Queen Victoria and Presi
dent Buchanan exchanged
18 SI President Lincoln forbade
business intercourse with
the southern states.
With all the advance polls be
ing taken on the coming election,
a lot of candidates are taking
their medicine through a straw.
A lot of political arguments are
exceptionally dry conversation,
and a lot ot them are all wet.
Cleveland public schools plan
to teach the art of talking plea
antly. An investment in a cheery
"Hello" is a good buy.
Violinists are said to make pood
aviators because ot their rhythm.
Sounds reasonable unless they
start to fiddle around up in the
be denied a little canter on his
pet hobby and in went the outlaw
war tail to wag a dog otherwise
irreproachable In state department
Houston, for obvioas reasons.
critics to carp about.
But those who know the secre
tary best believe hell be still on
the. job up to March 4, regardless
rf who wins the election. They
was a more difficult diplomatic aeciare ue ua t nuuir . um
task for a republican administer- thing to do with himself and that
ed state department. Yet there he likes tne jod, ior mat u ror
were possibilities. Frank Polk and ! no otner reason.
Bits for Breakfast
By IL J. Hendricks
And so it goes
The Miles linen mill is forced
to build a new warehouse.
V,: . :
' The state flax industry is build-iar-a
new shed -for housing part
of this year's crop
And every day, in every way;
our flax and linen industries are'
gettiag- better and better and- big
ger and bigger, and of the con
tinuation of this growth there is
to be no end in the present gen
eration. The Brook farmers, the literary
people who estabUshed a commun
istic home near Boston, along the
lines of Fourier's plans, would not
wear cotton because it helped the
cause of slavery In the south, nor
wool, because It was cruel to- take
tne fleeces from the backs of the
sheep. So they wore linen. A re
vival of transcendentalism might
help oar flax and linen Industries.
A quiet resort Is a place where
there's nothing else to do until
dinner time except light another
" "At least St per cent of the peo
ple are feeble-minded." That's
right; you can tell by their un
questioning acceptance of statis
tics like this. - - '
y - "it
That renewed animation shown
by host and hostess as yow prepare
to leave Is just their jeyona antic
ipation ot relief. - - .
You can tell the historic spots
at a . glance. Seven tourists are
grouped there while another man
ipulates a kodak, .
Correct this sentence: "'There
were eight women present," sai&
she, "and while any one of them
was speaking the others remained
One fault of the times Is that
our keen Interest in the other fel
low's private business seems to
end .when he gets robbed or shot.
Going to 'his death in an elec
tric chair -the other day, George
Appel kidded the guard who tied
his hands to the chair by remark
ing. "Well, I'll soon be a baked
Appel, won't I?" And he was. An
other man named Graham went
to death at the same time. He
also laughed with the guards, but
didn't, have the .Appel sauce to
say that he would soon be a baked
The removal of
aeveral bad teeth
cured Gov. Al.
Smith's gout. What
illnesses have your
teeth brought you?
Our advice is FREE!
for about l$ cent a day
you can buy through
an absolutely good
Travel Accident Insurance Policy
Can You Really Afford to
Wait Another Day?
. It s not what it costs you but what you jret that counts.
This i insurance will pay you 10 or $20 per week for
disability, $7.50 per week hospital benefits, up to $100
emergency benefits and from $1,000 to $10,000 for
death all as outlined and specified in the policy.
Udl Orders Hat
Pdd in Advance
1 Year 55.00
DATE.. If 21
THE NEW ORGON STATESMAN,
t Salem. Oregon.
Gmtltinen : ' -
tT22!.f?ro",:,u,fr,m It to understood
rsularlr each day by your authorised carrier and I par
him for tba aam at tbm regular MttbUsM rata of pvrLnth.
''Jrr Aoeidaat Insurant Pol try teauod by tbo
Nrt -Amorloaa Inauraaoa Company oC. Chicago, Ullnoto.
I am not at present a subscriber to th New Oregoa
I am now a subscriber to the Nsw Oregoa Statesman.
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