The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, August 07, 1928, Page 4, Image 4

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    Earl C. Brownlee
Sheldon F. Sackett
Salem. Oregon
AUG. 7. 1928 '
For a Tariff .on Bananas .
REFERENCE was made in these columns
a few days ago to a resolution of the
Salem Grange in favor of a protective tariff
duty on bananas - : C , K .
And as this matter is haying much atten
tion in Florida, where some bananas are
grown, and in California and other Jriiit
growing states, it is worth while for the peo
ple of Oregon to get a full understanding
of it. -;
Last year, 140,000 car. loads of bananas
were imported into the United States, from
Mexico. Central and South America and the
West Indies, and G. H. Hecke, director of the
state department of agriculture of Califor
nia, has just issued an official bulletin in
which he says:
"Here we find a foreign industry support
ed by American capital exploiting the cheap
native labor of the tropics and on low priced
lands, producing a fruit that comes into bear
ing in a short period and requires little care
thereafter, with almost unlimited production
areas under control, offering active competi
tion with the highly specialized, essential
products of our soil grown under exactly op
posite conditions."
, Mr. Hecke goes on to say: "When one
with some knowledge of dietetics rs confront
ed with the figures showing-the quantity of
tropical fruit imported into the United
States, his imagination or curiosity nay lead
him to figure just how much home produced
. , fruit must rot on the ground because of . this
unfair competition.' . - "
- Mr. Hecke further, says: "Such a person
knows that there is a limit to the consuming
abilitv of even a prosperous American. He
will eat only so much fruit, just as his capac
ity for bread and meat has a maximum limit ;
and, furthermore, the people as a whole are
,, more inclined to follow modern dietary ad
. vice which dictates not more food, but rath
er the avoidance of overeating."
Mr. Hecke goes on to say that the 140,000
carloads of bananas imported last year
"closly approach the' total carload shipments
of California citrus and deciduous fruits, in
eluding grapes, during the same period." He
adds that, "so long as this country is an ad
herent to the policy of protection, our own
fruits should have the same degree of pro
tection which other essential industries pos
sess. Certainly, the banana is one' of the
principal competitors of American, grown
fruit, not only in California, but elsewhere
m this country.
As Calif ornians are not backward in fol
lowing up their just demands, it is obvious
that this matter will be heard from insist
ently from. now on.
. The same facts apply to the sugar indus
try; the great bulk of our imports of sugar
coming from Cuba, where "we find a foreign
industry supported, by American capital ex
ploiting the cheap native labor of the tropics
and on low priced lands," etc.
Without that competition, and with an
adequate protective tariff rate, this country
would quickly become self contained in sugar,
instead of producing only 16 to 20 per cent in
"continental United States of our whole an
nual consumption. - -
It is a pity the beet sugar producers of
this country do not have the powerful back
ing of, the California fruit growing industries.!
What About the Old Reform
rpHERE is a proposition to turn the farm
ing and gardening land of the old state
reform school over to the state hospital
(asylum) and the state tuberculosis hospi
tal ; to have the use of it rent free
. And to leave the buildings with a care
Since the removal of the state, training
school for boys to near Woodburn,. where
nearly all the boys are kept, together with
the teachers and the main office, only about
10 large boys have been left at the old school,
with a matron and a farmer and his wife.
The land connected with the old reform
school is a tract of 504 acres, of which 300
,are under cultivation. At Woodburn there
are only 200 acres of cleared land and 73
acres of timber.
At the old school there is a fine, large main
f building and additions and a big building for
shops and water tower, a cottage, and good
barns, etc. ... -r.-y ' .- - ..- . . -
The equipment is expensive. The site is
beautiful, and a large part of the land is
good, mere is a fine orchard. The plant is
a better one in some respects than the new
r one near Woodburn. It Is certainly more
, signuy. ine water supply is better. There
are other sightly places on the 504 acres for
And the question is what Is to be done
with this plant; "all dressed up and no place
-to go' 't y - .
"-With ' slight improvements, ' the plant
would be, suitable for an intermediate re-
iormatory lor young men and first offend
ers, like "most of the old and more populous
states have . . . ,
And Oregon must have such an institution
In the course of time. It would be verv fit
ting now. It would take care of young men
uu vi ooys aoove the age of 18 and-might
be extended in its scope to first offenders,
hke the famous reformatory at Elmira. New
ioric, ana similar institutions in other
Can Oregon afford such a separate Institu
tion now? Some' good people will say, v can
Oregon afford not to hava nr h
Institution, for the good it would do, regard-
ica9 ui vuo aaoiuonai expense.
This Is hot an argument for or against any
particular use of this nlanft .
It is rather an opening of the question of
uie proper disposition of that valuable plant
by the legislature to meet In January next.
Certainly, the property must not be allowed
to go to rack" and ruin.
The i property tat .Woodburn ought not to
veL vf? bought ; and the costly buildings
erected there ought not to have been built
yet; if ever. But the land was bought and
the money, was expended for the plant: and
that will have to stand. V - -
.The question being open for the disposition
rof the old reform school plant and lands sug
gestions are in order. . -
The United States and China
OTJR state department has led thejw n
signing a new treaty with the Nationalist
government in China recognizing ocr
f . rrvima When new to western
wavs lost this control ana douhu uwu
: .;fa wYiiVh were reason-
iixea nuuiiuuw wu, " ; 4.1,
MJ f that time and served to correct tne
crying abuse of fluctuating tariffs manipu
w mmt officials for their own gain.
JBut the correction of an abuse in its day has
become, in the passage 01 time,
abuse and the United. States nas cone ngn
,v It ' . " "I
FoUowing this splendid start China has
asked relief from the hateiui exiraien:iw
nmvfc,-nr f the treaties whereby foreigners
are exempted from the jurisdiction of the
Chinese courts. There have Deen many ser
ious abuses of this right because of the scan-
dalously lax administration or law in me
Extraterritoriality is the ugliest thorn in
the pride of the nationalist leaders or unina.
Vet thp m-ovisions were justified at the
time of their establishment by the totaUy
different standards 01 tne ynmese y
r)p&Hnr with foreigners. Their
turn m . a
QvsfoTn rwncrnized the use of the most Druta
torture to exact Evidence, and. many other
violations of the most fundamental con
cepts of justice as held in the west.
nJsnito this fact Chinese officials re
garded their system as too good for the ''for
eign barbarians" and tne judges were, m
ctmrtpH to use less refined methods in deal
5i with them ! So abuse balances abuse
Hhina's sovereifimitv is impinged by extra
territoriality, but without it foreigners who
follow world trade to China would lose j tne
minimum rights earned by all people. !
The wav out is plain. The nations stand
pledged to surrender this privilege when
China modernizes her court system. China
has! made progress in this direction, but! the
United States does not feel that enough nas
yet! been done to warrant the surrender of
extraterritoriality. The most practical sug
gestion jseemsrto be that the nations agree
to surrender such rights for their nationals
in all districts of China served by modernized
courts. This will set a premium for "speeding
the 'much needed judicial reform and at! the
same time safeguard foreigners in Chma.
! 1 Synthetic. Thoughts
SCIENTISTS who foresee, and someday
O will ordain a synthetic world, beguile us
To smile knowingly, as did another genera
tion confronted with such impossibilities as
the phonograph and the horseless carriage,
is a great temptation.
Yet there is available a little capsule that
yields the equal of a hundred times its weight
in the vital .elements of liver. Sheer silk is
compounded from nothing moife beautiful
than a stick of timber. From gin to atar of
roses there is an array of drink, food and
clothing that leaves us wondering just how
true may be the prediction, that future gen
erations may be living in a synthetic world.
In the press room, where great, rolls ol
wood pulp paper race over printing'surf aces,
we wonder how long the forests will bear
up under the demand. let paper equally
good is being manufactured just as econom
ically from other and quicker growths than
trees can be. So it is with a score of other
things that contribute to the total of life.
That synthetic day when our breakfast
food will be done up in tiny pellets, to be
sprinkled with sugar made from shale1 oil
and drenched with milk from a "cow" that
exists only, in a delicate retort in a chem
ist's laboratory that day may come.
' i i
Menus for the Family
By Sister Mary
BREAKFAST Orange ; Juice,
cereal, cream, puffy omelet, blue
berry muffins, milk,. coffee,
LUNCHEON T o a t e d ham
sandwich, shredded cabbage salad,
Jellied prunes, milk, tea.
DINNEH--B rolled halibut
steaks with egg sauce, steamed po
tatoes tn parsley butter, stewed
okra, blackberry bread pudding.
milk, coffee.
Stewed Okra ! '
One quart okra, 2 cups diced cel
ery, 1 green pepper, 1 teaspoon
talt. 1 tablespoon minced onion, 4
tablespoons butter; 3 medium siz
ed tomatoes. -' '
Wash okra well and. iOjitr off
stems. Cut pods in slices, cross
wise, about 1-t Inch thick. - Re
more seeds and pith from pepper
and mince flesh. Melt butter in
sauce pan, add okra, minced on
ion and pepper, and celery and
simmer closely covered until veg
etables begin'to soften. Add peel
ed and chopped tomatoes and salt
and cook slowly about 1 hour, un
til okra Is tender. 1 :
-This Date in
History j
'"'' '' ' ' Awgnst 7 ! -
1846 -Democrats ot Maine enact
. ed prohibition, j
1877 Capital of West Virginia
located at Wheeling.
1893 Congress opened special
session to repeal the silver
purchase law. "1
1912 Progressive party in con
vention at Chicago nomi
nated Theodore ! Roosevelt
and Hiram Johnson for
president and vice presi
dent. . j
S ALU TE S ! Kind Words of Good Friends
A Greeting
By Mrs. H. C. Mallett
Abaup five weeks ago today
We came into your town to stay
Awhile, perhaps the summer through
And muybe all the winter too.
Your town is lovely and to date
We think the weather has been great.
Of all the things your town can boast
The Statesman we're enjoyed the most.
And some news boy is very kind
For on my porch each morn J find
A copy, and leach newsy sheet
To all our, family is a treat.
Tho Mr. Hendricks has retired
(A man whom all it seems admired)
We wish the Statesman nothing less
Than a future crowned with great success.
And that will come we surely feel
With Brownlee-Sackett at the wheel.
The other morning when I op-igan to assert Itself. I worked, al
aned the front door I saw a news-! of a reporter to tell what he
laper lying on the porch; being
regular subscribers to different
papers, this in itself did not bear
the earmarks of being a particu
larly hair-raising experience. It
was all squared off nicely at the
corners, just a convenient size for
fuel food." But something in
duced me to open up that news
paper; still nothing unusual hap
pens, i
belt a trifle nervously, to get It in
proper shape to see what some
kind soul had given us. You know
we really have so few things given
to us now-a-days that it behooves
us to give due consideration to
those that are. i
GLORY TO BE! Surely not the
Oregon Statesman! I'm see'n
things! My hands shake, and
feel sort of wdk-Ukevi Just na-
As I continued to untwist Its turally slump to the porch step.
cleverly drawn in corners (and al- completely flabbergasted. The fact
low me to say right here that ltithat the step was a cement one,
has always seemed to me that
the one who Invented, discovered,
ir produced, the art of folding a
newspaper Inside itself, must have
committed some heinous crime,
and felt If he could so fold up the
paper that told about It no one
srould be the wiser except the re
porters, and of course, all of us
'enow it is against the principals
knows), my woman's curiosity be-
and the porch cushions having
been taken in for the night and
not yet been returned to their
daily resting place, did not Impair
Its efficiency Just then. In fact I
was pltiouely In need of a "bracer"
and while a stone step mignt not
appeal to some people as such, it
seemed to be the only one avail
able. My, head clears: so likewise my
Bits for Breakfast
Progress in Silence
PLAYERS of an harrassed householder, for
the invention of a silent lawnmower
whose operations in a neighbor's dooryard
will not shatter that golden hour of restful
ness just at the edge of dawn, brings a sigh
of hope that such a happy thought may
strike some creative genius. I
Now that Seattle has proved the painless
ness of r extracting the bark from the dog
without: eliminating , the dog, and since lour
earnest wish for a non-skid pea has been
fulfilled in the discovery that we can mix
'em. with our mashed -potatoes well,' it does
seem the noiseless lawnmower might; be
achieved. j
In wishing for such a result, of course, we
indicate that hope for silent chewing gum is
Women As Pilots. .
mHB exploits of Lady Heath British ;air
JL woman, who piloted a commercial plane
carrying 25 passengers across the English
channel on one of its regular, trips, suggests
the possibility that aviation will become a
new field in which women can exercise their
talents. t - , - " 1
- There is no reason why women should not
be as good pilots as men. The job calls for
an excellent physique and good powers of
endurance, but does not require great phys
ical strength. No one has ever demonstrated
that the qualities most needed by a compe
tent aviator are not possessed by women as
well as by men. - '. ; K -
It is entirely possible that the future iwill
see many women piloting commercial planes
about the country indeed, "probable' is no
doubt a better word than possible," Wom
an has: invaded every other field; why! not
this one?
. Others Are Overpaid, Too f
rr IS said by sports writers that the Tun-ney-Heeney
fight marked the end of the
million dollar gates. Never agun, they; say,
will a pugilist get half a million for an ever
nings work. The boom has collapsed. -
That is, aft.- alL a good thing. The tre
mendous purses drawn down by boxers rep
resented a sense of values that was out of
all proportion. But the situation was never
quite as baa as some people used to think. "
It's hardly right for a fighter to earn more
than the president of the United States, per
haps. But, after alL there are sleek-haired
movie actors and softly-curved movie actress
es who make even more money; and, in the
long run, It Is probably true that they con
tribute no more to the advancement of the
nation than the prize fighterst
They are public benefactor:
The leading business men of Sa
lem who are promoting , the sheep
ndustry. They are pointing the
way to a development that, follow
ed up, will go a long way towards
stabilizing the prosperity of the
Industries on the land.
v "b
"Yes, we
have no banan
as" but we
have fruits that
must , compete
with high
priced labor
and high priced
land with the
pauper -labor
lands of the ba
nana growing
countries. So
we Oregonians
most stand and
work with the
Californians who are demanding
I he protective tariff for bananas,
now coming in free In great and
increasing volume.
v m m S
The flax" tonnage grown for the
state flax industry wilt this' year
reach 4000 to 4500 tons. A normal
season would have brought 6000
tons or more. Some very food
flax Is being delivered; and,. of
course, some short and poor, ow-
By R. J. Hendricks
ing to the long dry season.
S m
But 6000 tons Is not enough. It
will not produce sufficient fiber
for the requirements of the two
local linen mills. ! to say nothing
of fiUing any demands from east
ern spinning mills. The time is
here when the flax Industry for
the Salem district will not need
the outlet of the foreign market!
for fiber. It will all be required in
this country.
How are we going to get more
than 3000 acres' financed? It
should be 6000 acres for next
year. This is a matter that will
need the support1 of the men of
Oregon with a vision of the great
things possible In the growing of
flax and the making of yarns,
twines, threads and linen cloths.
It will take 6000 Acres to keep the
labor at the prison fully employed
with the improved machinery for
treating the flax i up to the fiber
and other primary stages.
The Italians have a proverb,
"One pair of ears will drain dry
a hundred tongues."
Another. "He who has the cour
age to laugh Is almost as much the
master of the world as he who Is
ready to die." ,
V -
And another, "Death has no oth
er 111 except the thought of dying.
rlsion. Yes, there it is. in big
black print OREGON STATES
MAN; second reading frequently
brings to light that which first we
overlook. I see in topsy-turvey let
terine "The New" prefixed to
previous news item, which I must
onfes I passed up as inconse
quential, comes to mind. I had
read that the OREGON STATES
MAN had been sold to ... . now
iere a feeble mind emphasises it
self, as I have. completely forgot
ten who took over the old Oregon
But right here is where Salem
-eople are going to "sit up and
take notice." That little prefix
"The New", is going to work won
ders with the patronage and pres
tige of this NEW O. S.
Salem-can well afford to pat
ronize a morning dally such as
The New Oregon Statesman bids
fair to be. It is newsy, compre
hensive, complete and clean. It
bears the stamp of a firm, reliable
management, which will conduct
heir paper along legitimate and
ipproved lines, refusing to jeop
ardize their prestige, or increase
heir patronage by tawdry adver
Wishing you the Increased pat
ronage your paper bears evidence
f meriting, I beg to remain,
Yours very truly,
Mrs. Geo. H. Leavell,
2095 S. Winter
Old Oregon's Yesterdays
Town Talk From the Statesman Our Fathers'Read
August 0, 1003
The final test of the new, Fox
boiler for the fire engine will be
made : tonight with-; engineer . De
Long n charge, FJre Chief W. W.
Johnson reports, : -. ;
::': -9 . ' .: "l' "
About 60 feet of the dam of the
Salem Flouring Mills company at
the head of the Santlam was en
tirely destroyed In aa explosion
that occurred early this morning.
There, are 141,757 children of
school age la Oregon, according to
the annual report of J. H. Acker
man, state superintendent of pub
lic Instruction. This Is 5.291 more
than last year.
A movement Is on foot for .a
kindergarten association la Salem,
with the plan to be presented at
a meeting of mothers today at the
home of lira, J. B. T. Tuthill, cor
ner Cottage and Marlon street.
W. O. Trine has gone to Corval
Us to make arrangement to more
his family there, as he has been
m -m
. : . . Cfero Extractor .
. A new complement to take that
troublesome core from grapefruit
is on the market, very. Inexpen
sive. - It leaves a clean line, with
one turn ot the wrist.
elected physical director of the
Oregon Agricultural college.
Harry. Albert went to Portland
yesterday to witness the National
game played there.
The change In the proprietor-
hip of the Statesman has made a
profound sensation here. Every
body's talking.
Cooking for threshers, peach
reserving, the approach of the
Fair, these subjects are all In the
discard among rural housewives.
By some it is thought that R. J.
Hendricks should immediately re
possess himself of -his beloved
Statesman. However, we are happy
to see his good face on the edit
orial page and to know that his
good pen is liberated to continue
the fight for progress and high
Ideals In Salem.
Aug. 4 . Lake Lablsher
Low Mark in Auto
Camp Registration
Over This Week End
CHICAGO. Aug. , 6. (AP) A
day's conference with republican
campaign startegists and national
committeemen and women from
over the country was summed up
Saturday by Dr. Hubert Work,
chairman of the party's national
committee, in a statement listing
four border states as "promising"
for the Hoover column and declar
ing the republican party is enter
ing on "the greatest fight In its
history." In some of the normally
close or doubtful states, Dd. Work
said, he was assured that the wo
men's vote would turn the tide to
Herbert Hoover. -
'We had assurance that Hoover
will carry every seaboard state
along the Atlantic," the national
chirman's statement read; "that
the republicn ticket will sweep
across the northern tiers of states.
lear to and down the Pacific coast
and on the basis of what we. have,
learned we now list North Caro
lina, Kentucky, Tennessee and
Oklahoma, border states, among
those giving promise of showing
up in the Hoover column- next No
vember. - .
"It was both refreshing and re-
assuring to see such widespread
interest among republican women.
It was correctly stated by one of
the national committeewomen that
in this campaign republican men
and women are working for the
first time on a fifty-fifty basis and
we had assurance f rom more than
one of the women that the wom
en's vote 'will turn the tide to
Hoover in what normally are close
or doubtful states." .
J. R. Nutt, republican national
treasurer, told of his plan to build
Up a list of not less than 600,000
contributors to the campaign fund.
Four years ago the contributors
numbered 90,000.
Friday night was the banner
night for low registration at the
Salem auto camp. Only 25 were
registered that evening. It was
the first time for several weeks
that the registration was under
the 30 mark.
That night's registration includ
ed visitors from widely separated
points. G. Busse and family of
St. Louis, Missouri, Mr. and Mrs.
C. W. Taylor of Minneapolis. Min
nesota, and H. Dumbrell and fam
ily of Vancouver, B. C, were reg
istrants yesterday.
Twenty-five people were robbed
in a New York restaurant. The
fact that it was by four bandits
makes it news.
Dr. Gerald Wendt. chemistry
dean at Pennsylvania State col
lege, says wood is disappearing
and homes will soon be furnished
with synthetic products. Some
basements are right now.
" Georgia man lost his voire after
one airplane flight. And. just
think, a" man can send his wife
up very reasonably these days.
: - '
'TIs a funny world. The heat
we are all kicking about right now
is going to cost us all plenty per
ton this coming winter.
' A Racine, Wis., man reports
one of his hens laid an egg with
three, yolks. At least it isn't a
white lie.
Night clubs often ha. ha the
law. but when a padlock is put oa
the door. ; they can't laugh that
oft s '
Mexicans Well Pleased
With 'Ambassador From
U. S., Editorial Assert
The newspaper El' Excelsior
has published an editorial eu
logizing the United States - Amr
bassador Dwlght W. Morrow as
the prophet of a new diplomacy
In International peace.
. "Ambassador 1 Morrow has
taught the world." said Excelsior,
"A new and effective kind ot di
plomacy which i substitutes good
will and real friendship for' fric
tion between nations. -
The newspaper ' says that the
Morrow speech before the Ameri
can chamber of commerce In
which he .'praised the courage,
calmness and fortitude of Mexico
was of .transcendental Importance.
"Mexlcp mast and will measure
up to this responsibility and this
confidence which Ambassador
Morrow tells us 1 the world has tn
Mexico." declared El Excelsior.
Money from Home
Means more tKan tEat seat from th'e folks at Home.
It means cash in large sums from the old homestead1: All
. .families outgrow their homes at some .time or other and
,. bwmfamilies are constantly; looking for new homes..
Our Want Ad columns are the means by which manjr
homes are bought and sold. Prospective purchasers read
: our Want Ads because they know, they will -find the best
. . in the shortest possible time. ;