The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, September 29, 1927, Page 6, Image 6

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In Making TherrfH
. . .s
THE DAILY STATESMAN dedicates two or more images each week in the interests of one of the fifty-two to a hundred basic industries of the
Salem District. Letters and articles from people with vision are solicited. This is your page: Help make Salem grow. j '
-TTT;-. - "tesr :
' r
New Buildings Were Also Added The Forces Directly Em
ployed in the Plant Number About 400 Now, With Perhaps
As Many More Indirectly Engaged in Getting Out the Pulp
, Wood and Conveying It to the Plant, EU. This Big Mill
Is Responsible for the Support of Perhaps 5000 People in
"Salein ahd'the Salem District. ',
The Salem paper mill employs.
In Its factory ,A 00 people.
With its woo supply, and In
other ways It is directly respon
sible for the employment ot about
as many more
It uses 800 gallons of water a
minute, or 11.520,000 gallons each,
24 hours, and has a filtering capa
city; pf 16,000,00 gallons.
It Irons the- full 24 hour of
every day in the year excepting
on the 4th of July and Christmas;
and the repair forces are more
than busy on those days.
It has 4 80 electric motors, from
one horse power np to 350'. The
total connected motor power load
is 10000 horse power. The light
ing - load is 85 kilowatts. The
steady load is about 4500 kilo
watts an hour; running to 5000.
Six electricians, aTe required to
keep the electrical equipment in
steady operation.
The mill is turning out about
173,000 pounds of paper a day.
The pulp plant of the mill requires
about 6000 cords of wood a month,
or a1oul'3,428,000 board feet.
Miracles are being performed
every day at this plant; turning
into the finest papers wood from
the tree or log or cord.
It is Long Story
The above are some of the sal
ient facts concerning the mill and
operations of the Oregon Pulpand
Paper company, located In Salem.
This mill has been In operation
Reven years. The first car of pap
er -for- the market was shipped
from the plant October 1. 1920.
On .that date The Statesman wfl?
printed from paper made at thi
mill .-from a trial run of wood
pulp" secufedfrom a mill u3iiig
ground puJp.News print is made
from .ground wood pulp. The sul
phite process Is used exclusively
by the Salem mill.
No single day has passed In all
the'seven years without some im
provement or plan for improve
ment. Paper Making Process
Tbewood Is "delivered to the
mill in the shape of cord wood or
slabs and- the- bark removed by a
maMrne"''kin'own as a barker." it
is then redmeed to chip. This is
accomplished by machines called
chippers. The blocksfof wood are
convoyed direct from .the barkers
or from the storage pile, as the
case may be.
' The chips are cleaned of saw
dust and dirt and conveyed to the
top of a hundred-foot buildiug
known as a dfgester house.
: The china are dropped in at the
top of the digester, and. when it
is tilled, sulphurous acid is run
in, a '.cover clamped on. and the
mass .is raised -to a temperature
of 300 degrees or more and a
steam pressure of 78 pounds is
maintained for from 10 to 20
hours, according to the quality of
theWiTpWte Yetfulred.' . "
4 This cook is then released from
the digester under pressure. The
action of the sulphurous acid on
the wood separates the fiber.takes
the cellulose from the lignin. The
cellulose is then bleached and
then conveyed to, the "beaters.
machlne4whieh "fe,fine it until It
is In a fit state to go to the paper i machines is equipped with 16 sep
machlile.' ' ; ' , . , . arate direct connecting motors.
' Thfs'machine takes the stock In! The machinery 1s all driven by di-
a liquid state and it flows onto an
endless'wire mesh cloth to which
a shake Is Imparted so that the
stock . ia . eVenYtialfy'. 'distributed
across tae face "of the wire and
at the same dine a large part of
the 'water drops through the wire
and is gotten rid of. ' "
The sheetris transferred from
C-l Ti. XT
; pregon Theatre
the wire to the felts and la car
ried between the rolls of metal or
hard Rubber and from these press
rolls 'is .taken to. the dryers,
These., dryers, are large hollow
iron eylftjders around which the
'paper trYels In contact wlthth
face of the dryers.
Steam is admitted to the in
terior of the dryers and the paper
comes out at the end of the dryer
run thoroughly dry and "is sub-j
jected to a calendering to give it
a firm texture and finish.
Up-to-Date Mill
In the case of glassine paper a
further calandering is necessary.
' In making the sulphurous acid
with which the wood is cooked,
limerock is placed in towers near
by a hundred feet high and water
is allowed to percolate down
through the limerock. Sulphur is
burned in a rotary burner aneTlhe
gas after being cooled thoroughly
in submerged pipes passes through
a fan which forces It through the
three towers one after the other.
The snfphur gas is absorbed by
the lime water which is pumped
from the bottom of one tower to
the top of the other. When this
acid has the proper strength it is
pumped to storage tanks from
whk ii it is run to the digesteys
as ntt':od.
The iai'1 started operation with
one paper machine, but a second
machine was added the first year,
and a third in 1922, and a fourth
last year. It is now one of the
largest mills of its kind in the
United States. v
The main machine and beater
room is the most substantial and
attractive building of the kind on
the coast.
IxHms IarK" in Salem
The operation of the plant of
itid Oregon Pulp and Paper com
pany looms large in the life of
Salem. The 400 employees, count
ing five to the family, means that
2000 people here have their living
from the operations of the plant.
and about the same number, lo
cated here in this district, from
the work of supplying the wood
for the plant, in cord wood and
log form. With all the people in
directly, supported by having these
40QO mfn, women and children in
this city and section, we have at
least another 1000 population here
eor 5000 In 'all. A little city In
,TiebWldJngs, are well tion
sifructed; modem, handsome, and
large with about 300 feet front
age on North Commercial street,
corner of Trade, and extending
back, over 1000 feet, to the Wil
lamette river; some of -them being
four stories high and over, and
the towers running up to 100 feet
Fine Equipment
There are two paper making ma
chines that make a 136 inch roll,
one 117 inches, and one 100
inches. Three of them are Bag
ley & Sewall machines, the other
made by the M-ills Machine com
There are 23 beaters holding
1000 pounds eah, and equipped
with 75 to 100 horse power mot
ors. (One of the paper making
' rect connecting motors.)
. In the finishing room there are
seven cutters, five trimmers and
four rewinders. There are three
super calendar stacks for finish
ing glassin'es, and one book stack
for finishing high grade book
The paper goes everywhere
UYtZ&iXU iU 113
- - OXltttgmiai
Dates of Slogans in Daily Statesman
(Abo In Weekly Statesman)
(With a few possible changes) Drug Garden, May 5.
Logaiiberries. October T, 1926
Prunes, October 14
Dairying, October 21
Flax. October 28
Filberts, November 4
Waluuta, November 11
Strawberries, November 18
Apples, November 25
Raspberries, December 2
Mint, December 9
Beans, Etc., December 16
Blackberries, December 23
Cherries, December 30
Pears, January 6, 1927
Gooseberries, January 13
Corn. January 20
Celery. January 27
Spinach, Etc, February 3
Onions, Etc., February 10
Potatoes; Etc., February 17
Bees, February 24
Poultry and Pet Stock, Mar. 3
iCity' Beautiful. Etc. March 10
! Great Cows, March 17
Paved Highways, March 24
Head Lettuce, March 31
Siloa, Etc., April 7 :
Legume,-Apriri4 .
'Asparagus, Etc., April 21 .
Grapes; rate, April 28
DID YOU KNOW That the Salem paper mill, which was
already one of themost'up to date paper mills in the
wcrld, has been largely rebuilt during the past year;
that it has been a highly" successful institution from
the start; thai it has added greatly to the industrial
activity and prosperity of Salem and the Salem district;
that it has grown constantly both in capacity and value
cf.output; that it will continue to grow for an indefinite
lime; that its capacity has been doubled that this is one
,of the '.'greatest pulp wood centers in the entire world,
and there should be more paper mills here, including at
least one of the faking of news print, and that paper
niitJs are among the greatest of all manufacturing cori
cefns for helping'lhe growth' and prosperity of a city and
country, bringing new money constantly from long
pome of it goes to the Phillipines;
jiome to the east through the can
al. It goes all over the country
and to many foreign countries, in
different forms. The mill is now
making lT.'f.OOO pounds of paper a
A Lot of Juice
The mill takes about a third of
the "peik load" of electricity used
in Salem. But it goes 24 hours a
day. and it therefore uses nearly
as much electrical power as all the
rest of the city combined; because
the general load is light at meal
hours, late at night, and at other
The power control plant of the
mill is a big and interesting one.
F. M. Peyton has been in charge
of it ever since the mill started
running. He now has five or more
assistant electricians.
The lighting equipment alone is
no small thing.
Tlie Sulphite Plant
One of the interesting parts of
the big- paper plant is;the sulphite
mill. The commencement is with
the log or with cord wood. This
is split "and chipped up by -ma
chinery. Then go into
the digesters. There are four of
them. They produce 11 tons each
of sulphite at a "cook." There
are in all eight cooks a day. Thisfa(,t th& capacity was doubled
means 88 tons of cellulose, the
raw material of paper making,
each 2 4 hours.
First after cooking, the stock
is washed, to remove the lignin
and foreign matter. Pulp wood
contains from 40 to 60 per cent
of cellulose, the rest of its chem
ical properties being principally
lignin. which Is waste in the mak
ing of sulphite papers. After
washing, the cellulose Is!"screened,
to remove the uncooked portions.
X.. B. xrowsMoox
H!Mn -Wicker FumJtar
MMMtrHurlng Co.
W Brll PlrtCt
0Dln Bittaft Rm4 tte!tty
- i FnruitiiM ...
Bpftirtng, ' Rafinlihhif, UphoJtrtn
Z21 Btf St.. Salem. Or(a
Hunt's Qjiklity;Fruits
Himt .Brothers Packing
' . Company ' ";.
. - Canned Frultt and
' Vegetables 1 1
Main bffice:
2 Pin Street." .San ' Francisco
' ' California
Californtsr-IIayward, Ban Jose.
tios Gatos. Exeter -r
OreKon'-fialem. McMlnnVllle,
: ""..-.AlDaay"-" " '-3
Wasfcintton-PTiyatfup. Bumner
Sugar Industry, May 12.
Water :Powers, May 19.
Irrigation, May 26.
Mining-, June 2.
Land; Irrigation, etc., June 9.
Floriculture,' June 16.
Hops, Cabbage, etc., June 23.
Wholesaling, Jobbing, June 30.
Cucumbers, etc., -July 7.
Hogs. July 14.
Goats, July1 21.
Schools.' July 28.
Sheep, August 4.
Seeds, August 11.
National Advertising, Aug. 18.
Livestock, August 25.
Gratn & Orain Products. Sept. 1
Manufacturing, Sept- 8.
Woodworking, etc.', Sept. 15.
Automotive Industries, Septem
ber 22. " ?
Paper Mills, Sept. 2 9.
(Back copies of the Thurs
day edition of The Daily Ore
gon Statesman are on- hand.
They are ifpr sale at 10 cents
sachv mailed to any address.
Current copies 5 cents.
Then it is bleached. The Salem
mill has one of the most modern
systems of bleaching. It is called
a high density bleaching plant. It
is simple to those who understand
it, but intricate to those who do
not. From the bleaching plant,
the cellulose goes to the beaters,
part of it handled on wet machines
to make into lap for storing, the
balance pumped direct to the beat
ers. When the stock goes into . the
paper making machines, it Is over
99 per cent water. In fact, it is
99 and seven tenths water all
water but three-tenths of one per
Hence the immense amount of
water used, 11,520,000 gallons a
day, with a filtering capacity of
16,000,000 gallons. One may get
a better Idea of this when it is
known that the daily use of water
fix all Salem for 192$ from the
Salem water plant, was 3,030,781,
and that the high mark for this
year was 6,613,20O gallons on July
23 the average for .the month of
July being 5,439,613 gallons.
Some New Thing
There are several new things
about the Salem paper mill the
past year. The main thing is the
in that time, with new buildings;
new machinery and equipment in
every part of the plant.
There has been emphasis the
past year on bond and glassine
papers of high quality, and on
parchment stock. The sulphite
mill was of course also doubled
in capacity. There was puti'lh a
complete new wet room. All the
Kep Tour Money In Oregoa Bay
Monunnt Msd at Slm, Oregon.
J. O. Jon It Co, Proprietors
All Kinds of IConuMntal Work
Factory an Offico: - -8210
8. Com'V Oppowlt L- O. O- T.
- Donatory, Box SI
Pbono 889. ' . SAIXM, OKZGOH
O aklandj.
Pan t i a;Cr.
Sales and Service r v
High Street at Trade . .
sulphite made here is used here
now. ' ,
. . cew Kind of PoptT
The managers of the Oregon"
Pit rp and Paper-company are con
stantly on the alert for new things
in the industry. .They themselves
originate some new things. They
know how to put the pjtoh woods
to profitable use in the making of
paper, and have done it. This is
reserved, however, for the future
scarcity of the other pulp woods,
such as spruce, white fir, balm,
etc., etc. They are expeiiineutinp
in other lins. They are willing
to "try anything once."
Only about 100 years. a?o there
was only one kind of paper, made
from linen rags. Then came, wood
pulp paper, ground pulp paper,
for newsprint, eltc. Very -lately
three other kinil.of paper made
from wood pulp were brousht out.
First, sulphite paper, second the
soda wood pulp process; then the
kraft papers, using sawmill waste,
etc., and making a coarse paper.
Now comes a fifth kind of wood
pulp paper. If 4as been brought
out in the past two years, Writhe
United States forestprodnefs lab
oratories, which are constantly
working for the conservation of
woods; seeking ways to use low
er .erades wood stock in paper
The fifth kind of wood pulp
paper, the newest kind, is a semi
chemical pulp. It is only par
tially cooked, and then treated in
a "rod" mill. It Ls already being
made, for the coarser grades, like
those used in cartons. It gives
high yields in tons of paper, com
pared with the log or the cord
used in making it. It uses more
of the lignin than other processes
saving what has heretofore been
largely or partially waste.
The Personnel
The Oregon Pulp and Paper
company is largely under local
management. Its officers are:
F. W. Leadbetter, president;
Dri. B. L. Steeves, vice president;
JLl S. Fleming, Secretary-treasur
er, liirectors, including: these four
officers, E. . Barnes. W. E. Keyes,
Truman Collins. L. L. Leadbetter.
George Putnam, C. F. Beyerl, Wm.
S. Walton. Pittock Leadbetter. and
Dr. M. C. Findley.
Superintendent of the paper
mill, J. D. Raster. Superintendent
of the sulphite mill. E. B. Wood.
Superintendent of the finishing
room, John Andean. Chief elec
trician, F. M. Peyton; master me
chanic O. P. Wagner; chemist
Gould Morehouse.
General superintendent of the
paper mill, E. L. Sherie. Office
manager, K. W. Heinlein;' sales
manager, A. B. Galloway; head of
order department, Ralph Olson;
traffic manager, F. W. Karr, as
sisted by Vernon Tyler. General
office force: Wayne Shumaker,
Mrs. Ipha Knox. Miss E. L. Hogg
and Miss Bessie Taylor. Wood de
partment, G. Halseth and Isaac
Vincent. '
A large number of people In and
about Salem own stock in the Ore
gon Pulp and Paper company, both
the common or original stock and
the preferred.
POCATELLO, Idaho. Sept. 2S.
(AP) Full blooded Bannock
and Shoshone Indians In full re
galia added a bit of color to the
formal dedication of the American
Falls dam and reclamation project
it the new city of American Falls,
24 miles west of here today.
And exchange it fur hard wheat
patent flour, or any of our long
list ot milling specialties. We
do custom grinding. We sup
ply what you need for what
you have.
Salem, Oregon.
481 Trade St.
Phone 318
Ask Your Grocer
J 1 1 , ;
5 I !
Some of the Leaders in Their
Keep the Various Processes
Wheels Turning, to the End
of Fine Quality.
There are a great many people
in Salem who have never seen ev
en the finishing operations of the
big paper mill at the foot of
Trade street, fronting on South
Commercial, much less having an
understanding of the magic of
turning cord wood and logs of
pulp timber into high quality and
high priced articles of commerce.
There are few things in the realm
of chenvistry and mechanical op
erations that is more interesting.
It would take many pages of a
newspaper or book to even des
cribe the outstanding things that
Hie being carried on in this plant.
Every part of the work must be
directed by men of experience; by
men who have made a study of
their various lines of work. Most
of them must go unmentioned in
this cursory review.
Major F. W. Leadbetter, the
president of the company, ha
spent his whole active life in this
field, first in the operation, and
later in the general management
and financing of paper mills.
In General Charge
The man who bears the brunt
of the battle in keeping the whole
great paper mill in all Us depart
ments in trim for aff idient and
profitable work is Carl F. Beyerl,
the general superintendent, who
also has the same relationship to
the Columbia River Paper Mills
at Vancouver, Wash., and other
affiliated paper mill operations.
In his early life, Mr. Beyerl re
ceived his technical education in
Vienna, Austria, and it was thor
ough. He commenced his paper
mill experiecne in a plant in Bo
hemia that turned out the highest
quality papers known; linen pa
' pers. Then he worked in some of
the best paper mills in Germany,
Belgium and Efigland. He came
to the United States twenty-six
years ago, and he had his ficst
experience in paper making in
Pennsylvania; making such pa
pers as are turned out at the Sa
lem millf especially the highest
and best grades. Then Br. Beyerl,
went into the engineering branch;
building paper mills in the United
States and Canada, and he came
to Salem from Canada six years
ago. He has helped to make the
Salem mill .a model one, up to
date in all particulars; and un
der his charge the value of the
output of the Salem mill had
morej. than trebted" before the
last program of doubling the out
put was started.
Mr. Beyerl is not a mere me
chanic. He a chemist- and sci
entist. Modern - paper making is
largely a' chemical proposition.;
One must " know" his chemistry,
and Mr.x Beyerl does"; and he
must learn the new things that
come up In chemical research al-
Manufacturers of
Vinegar, Soda Water,
Fountain Supplier
Salem Phone 20 Ore.
Manufacturers of
Warm Air Furnaces, Fruit
Drying Stoves, Smoke Stacks.
Tanks, Steel - and Foundry
Work, Welding a Specialty.
17th and Oak StsM Salem, Ore.
We plan and plant (tree-of
charge), for homes, large or
small, all kinds of ornamental
shrubs, perennials and rockery
plants. ' Landscape work. ' - '
ISOO Market St. Phone 1608-R
When you order hotter ask for
Yon will get the finest that
cream, from the best herds in
Marion and Polk. Counties .can
produce. -' . ' t
Capital City C
- Cooperative Creamery
-Phone 299 '
1 U-JW
4 .1
Lines in the Paper Industry
Functioning Properly and the
That the Output Is Large and
most . every day. lie learns them.
He has seen the progress of the
industry, and been a part of it,
from the time when fifty feet of
paper was wont to be" put thru
a machine in a minute, till now a
1000 feet a minute is a common
thine. He his listened to" stories
ever.aince he was a 'mere ;t:l boy;
about the- exhaustion -of the, raw)
supply; "and he knew all the;tlhie,.
there was little in them, for he
has known that , every vegetable
growth in the .world that lias fi
ber and can stand up contains cel-
lulose rand cellulose laf niainly
what- the reader has before him
in the paper on which these words
are printed. The reader sees it'in
hundreds of other articles of com
merce, from combs to golf and bil
liard balls; but that is another
story. Paper is mainly cellulose
known as wood fiber. There are
now five different processes of
making paper from wood fiber.
But what the writer is trying
to convey to the reader is the
fact that Mr. Beyerl knows all
these things from the ground up,
and all the reasons why that any
one yet knows; and he is learning
all the new things that come up
and they will not likely quit
coming up in this or the next gen
eration. And there will be paper
mills' and paper as long as any
thing grows on earth that has
fiber Pud can stand up.
In the Main Mill
J.- D. Raster ,is superintendent
of the paper mill; the main mill,
in which the cellulose or sulphite
is converted into the finished
product. Mr. Kaster was almost
born in a paper mill. He has
worked in paper mills almost
since he can remember. He was
for a long time night superintend
ent o,f the Salem mill, before com
ing into his present position, and
every detail of his duties is famil
iar to him.
In the Sulphite Mill
Edward P. Wood, superintend
ent of the sulphite mill, came to
Salem from North Tonawanda,
New York. For three years pre
vious to gbing to North Tpnawan
da, he was in India, erecting a
mill to manufacture paper from
bamboo. For two years previous
to that, Mr. Wood was at. Parsons,
West Virginia. Mr. Wood's fath
er is sulphite superintendent for
the Champion Fiber company.
Canton, N. C. His fathers broth--er
in a leading writer, on, chemical
subjects. .He is a graduate of the
A Superior Breakfast Food
A trial Will Convince You .
c Whe-Ta-Lon
Cereal Co.
ft. A. BUTLKIt, Manager ;
Telephone 1000-W.
ret". : ,-r.f I , .
Wliat Is It?
- Phone 192
Oregon Pulp
llannfacturers of -
Support Oregon Products ' Y
Specify "Salem Made" Paper for Your
" Offlcs
University of North Carolina, at
Chapell Hill, near Durham. .While
at North Tonawanda he was with
the Tonaawnda Paper company
controlled by the Chicago Tribute
and that is the mill whun manes-
the" paper for the Liberty Maga
zoSne. The mill he erected in India,
Is 280 miles north of Madras, In
the Madras presidency, at tho
town of Itaiahmundry. Mr. Wood
lias for a long time been looking
to the west, and he likes hia work
and this section, and he predicts
great things in many line of de
velopment here, and especially in
the paper industry, where there
are such abundant resources in
raw material's and power. lie has
been familiar with paper mill op
erations all his conscious life.
, .' . "r "A Stendy Job
U'" F;3lireylont when he was so
licited tot come to Salem to take
charge otthe. paper-mill in Its im
portant; electrical department, re
plied that -he was looking for
work that would give him utecdy
emiiloyraeat. JJe(.was told that
this w-asnhe.very Job;that wonld
Kuit WmTTMIow steady. is it? It
is going. very hour of the diy.
every day 1n the year; excepting
on the Fourth of July and Christ
mas when the majority of the
operatives . are given a vacation.
But on the Fourth of July and
bhristmas,' the men in charge of
departments, like Mr. Peyton, are
more busy than ever- doing re
pair work. Of course. Mr. Pey
ton cannot be personally present
on the Job every hour of the 24.
He has five or, more assistants.
But he is subject to call every
hour. SoAhe Is really "on the
job' all the time. - . ;
Sept. 28.: (AP) Phil Scott, the
British heavyweight, full of hopes
of battling" his way through elim
ination contests so as to qualify t
meet Gene ..Tnnney, sailed today
with his manager, Charles Ro.
Scott said he was ready to meet
all comers.- Jack Dempsey, Jack.
Sharkey, Tom Henney and Paolin
Uzcudun preferred.
There are said to be 3,424 lan
guages or dialects in the world,
according to an answered question
in Liberty. They are distributed
as follows: America, 1,624; A3ia,
937; Europe 587; and Africa,
276. "
C. J. PUGH & CO.
Manufacturers of ,
Canning Machinery;
Graders, Trucks, Etc
5CO S. 21st St., Salem, Orejfon
Air jPainting
M. B. Sanderson
1144 'North ' Cottage
Your Daily
Your daily work should be a
pleasure to you. " It cannot be
if you are cick one-half of the
time and healthy the other halt.
Be HEALTHY ALL the time. If
you are sick the "cause la nerve
pressure. Remember i that iiie
Neurocalometer accurately lo
cates the nerve pressure while
Chiropractic Adjustments .re
move it. . , J
. Neurocalometer' readings by
appointment only.
Dr. O. L. Scott, D. C,
. . .... . ' ....
2M North nigh Street
v Pjhono 87 or 1471-R
& Paper Cot
' , 1 .; -
r r,