The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, December 15, 1926, Page 14, Image 14

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ijJiejSlgan v .Pagecpe Yours ; Aid In Wlakirig Thm Helpful Itobur
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THE DAILY STATESMAN dedicates two or more pages each week in the interests of one of the fifty-two to a hundred basic industries of the
Salem district. Letters and articles from people with vision are solicited This is your page. Help make Salem grow.
f. 1 it, - ...... -..
- v - ' '
The Importance of the Crop- The Varieties The seed,
Soils. Fertilization; Thinning and Training, Harvest
Ting, Prices, Crop Pests The Five Important Things
s in Growing Beans
jTbere Is' a new bulletin of the
Oregon Agricultural college on
'Growing Cannery Beans," by
Prof. A. G. B. Bouquet. It is cir
cular 222. It is -worth printing
in (all, in this annual Slogan num
ber on Beans, as follows:)
, . Importance of the Crop
I ' Snap beans, sometimes erron
eously called string beans, rank as
one of the vegetables for canning
in the country. The, 19 24 pack of
green and waxed beans amounted
to brer 6 million cases, the crop
standing 4th in- point of volume,
or number of cases canned.
The northwest Oregon pack in
1924 was in excess of 75,000
cases, while that of Washington
totaled- over 93,000 cases, the
packs being first and second re
spectively, of all the vegetables
canned,. ......
r , . Varieties
. A variety of bean suitable for
canning should have certain defin
ite characteristics. FirBt, it should
be .'prolific. In yield of pods, so as
to .make it more profitable to the
grower,, in, tonnage; second, It
should be of the correct shape,
color., and size in order to satisfy
the critical trade; third, the qual
ity .should be good, and fourth,
the variety 'should have a normal
tendency toward - stringlessness.
This' characteristic.- ' however, is
largely a matter of the strain of
the-variety-. " "
t . . .
Among the varieties grown are,
HHV Improved Stringless Refu
gee; a bean -of great pfoductive
ness, handsome appearance, near
ly round and cylindrical, but often
hairing a rather undesirable light
color. This is an excellent variety
for 'canners for a high class qual
ity bean.- .Its chief value is in its
freedom from strings. Being a
bush bean, it is more- laborious to
pick. The pods stay in a good
condition a long time.
" Second. Stringless Green Pod,
a bush variety, is widely used. It
has-, unusual reliability, good pro
ductiveness, and excellent quality.
It is inclined to be slightly flatter
than, pie, Refugee, but the color is
agood, medium dark green.
Of the pole varieties, the Ken
tucky Wonder is largely grown.
It Is very, prolific, with pods of
most excellent quality. The pods
are medium light green, and quite
long, often" reaching nine' or ten
inches, curved and twisted, nearly
round, and very crisp when young,
becoming somewhat irregular and
spongy as the beans ripen. This
variety is easily harvested, and
has very good quality when picked
at the right time.
Blue .LiaKe, also a pole sort, is
grown, to some extent. It is a
Strain' of Creaseback. -When
picked in a young condition,, the
pods have good quality, but the
variety soon develops toughness
ItJs a heavy bearer, but is not so
desirable in quality as the Ken
fucky Wonder.
1 Seed
The quality and quantity of any
variety is very largely dependent
On the Strain of seed. The varie
ty., is no better han the seed. The
- name of the variety means noth
ing; except as it is supplemented
by ,a carefully selected stringless
strain. This is well shown by the
Stringless Tlef ugee, in which there
are many different strains of Ret
ugee varying In yield with a ten
dency , toward stringlessness, gen
erahniarket appearance, and qual
lty.1 Good- bean seed costs con
siderably more than seed which
has had little selection, but the
seed which does not . produce a
good quality of beans free from
airings, cannot be used by 7 the
canncr The extra cost of the
peed is in . many Mimes 'made up
by. the superior quality of the
beans grownr " - - -
Soils for IW-ins .
Land for growing beans should
; tnv well -drained.- warm, fertile,
easy lo work -a tul. able 'to retain
nioistugo well, or.ele bo adapta
ble tr irrigation: Any land' that
'In naturally fertile, cr has been
built up ! a high Mate of fertil
ity, Mrill grow-good yields of beans.
'Preferable soils are sandy loam
andailt'toirm -soil,ajrweli as peat
or bea verda mt The latter, soils
hold "moisture ;well during, the
summertime. while the first
nainbd inaVla the grower to lrri-l
gate profitably, and thus keep bis '
plants producing, in spite of the
dry, warm weather..
Manure or cover crops are the
best fertilizers for bean ground.
These may also be supplemented
by commercial fertilizer If deem
ed necessary, in which cases com
plete fertilizer having a possible
formula of 3-8-6 might be suita
ble. In case a complete fertilizer
was not used, the land might be
top dressed with a nitrogen fertili
zer, consisting of either nitrate of
soda or . sulphate of ammonia
mixed with twice the amount of
acid phosphate.
Bush beans are grown in con
tinuous rows, and the field is seed
ed with a hand seeder, using ap
proximately 60 pounds per acre.
The distance between rows is usu
ally 28 to 30 inches. Seed should
not be sown too thickly, as the
pods will be larger if the plants
are not crowded. The plants
should never be planted less than
three to four inches apart. Later
blossoming and smaller pods are
likely to result f.ora too thick
Pole beans must be seeded by
hand. The field can be cross
checked, and the hills sown every
three feet, with the rows four feet
apart. In these distances there
Will be about 3600 to 3700 hills
per acre.
Planting should be done some
time during May. and, .preferably
not later than June 1st, otherwise
the plants will not get a good start
before the hot weather comes
along. -,''
Thinning and Training
There will be no thinning in
growing bush beans, but" the pole
variety will usually' be thinned to
three plants per hill. The plants
persist in growing anti-clockwise.
Various means of training and
staking are used. In one case,
poles five to eight feet long are
set in rows four feet apart, and ex
tending north and south, the poles
being three feet apart in the rows.
Let the poles slant slightly to
wards the north. Set in this way,
the vines climb better, and the
pods are stfaighter and more eas
ily cleaned.
Another plan is to plant the
rows thickly enough so that there
will be one plant to every 8 or 10
inches. Posts are set 5 feet high
firmly at the end of the rows, and
stakes are driven made up of 2x2
inch lumber at intervals about 16
feet along the rows. No. 10 or 12
wire is stretched along the posts
between each row. and fastened
to the toos of the stakes with wire
staples. A lighter wire or twine
is stretched ' along the bottom
about six inches from the ground.
Between the wire and the twine,
twine -is stretched, up which the
plants will run until they reach
the top wire, where they will take
care of themselves. Another way
is to omit the bottom wire and
stick small stakes six Inches into
the soil and fasten to th etop wire.
Some growers use edgings, in
which case one is set between each
two hills. Stakes are sharpened
at one end, and .driven into the
ground about eight inches, and
standing about five fee V tall. The
vines are trained when the run
ners are about a foot or two In
length, being cut on -the. corners
of the stakes with a broad knife
blade to hold them. Training is
not a hard job, as most of the
vines find the; stake. ; "Another
grower uses posts, as previously
mentioned, having two wires, the
lowest one 18 inches - from the
ground, and the top' one 5 feet
from the greund. TMen twine is
tied at the top" wire.'coniing down
to the bottom wire at .each hill.
Three-ply string is. used.
It la! most important to pick
beans before they have became too
large, er have started to swell up
the seed inside Ihy pod. It is bet
ter to harvest them too small than
Lf large. J. Thj quality of any va
riety is; very largely dependent up
on the time of pickng,or Abo de-j
veiopment or, the pod. Some va
rieties stand longer on the vine
without"' stage . of toughness,
therefore the have to be Watched
wrv ptaiutlv 1, aMa, i V. ... ft V
;:.J :...rr "."Tr'
(Continued on pa?e l4.)
Dates of Slogans
(In Weekly
(With a few possible changes)
Loganberries, October 7, 1036
Prunes, October 14
Dairying, October 21
Flax. October 28
Filberts, November 4
Walnuts, November 11
Strawberries, November 18
Apples, November 25
Raspberries, December 2
Mint, December 9
Beans, Etc., December 10
Blackberries, December 23
Cherries, December 30
Pears, January 6, 1927
Gooseberries, January IS
Corn, January 20
Celery, January 27"
Spinach, Ktc, February 3
Onions, Ktc, February lO
Potatoes, Etc., February 17.
Bees, February 24
Poultry and Pet Stock, Mar.
City Beautiful. Etc., March 10
Great Cows. March 17
Paved Highways, March 24
Head lettuce, March 31
Silos, Etc., April 7
Legume,, April 14
Asparagus, Etc., April 21
Grapes, Etc., April 28
DID YOU KNOW that Salem is in the center of what wiD
become a g-eat bean growing and shipping industry;
that t,he raising of green beans for canning is already
becoming an important branch of our fanning, and will
steadily grow to be much more so; that there is a chance
for this district to make a great name and large profits
in growing salad beans for the world markets; that beans
make a profitable crop to grow, in rotation with other
crops, and as a succession crop; that we should grow
hundreds of thousands of pounds more of dry beans, and
also we should grow all of our own Lima beans; and that
there will in time be vast room here for more bean
Report on Results of 1926
Yields for the Chinook
(Rev. James Elvin, formerly of
Salem, now of Helena. Montana,
sends a clipping from one of the
Helena newspapers with the fol
lowing dispatches:)
Average 873 An Acre
CHINOOK, Dec. 10 -According
to the summary of the results
of sugar beet culture in tftis local
ity, as checkecf up by the Utah
Idaho Sugar company here, the
beet grower received an income of
$73.12 an acre from Sis beets
after deducting his expenses from
a field producing 15-5 tons to the
acre. This was the general aver
age tonnage produced on 35-acre
tracts this year.. .
The expense of producing ; this
tonnage has been listed as follows
by the sugar company: Hand labor
on 15.5 ton crop bunching and
thinning. $11; two hoeings, 4;
pulling and topping, $12.65, mak
ing a total of $27.63. Receipts
at the rate of $6.50 a ton, already
paid, $100.75. This leaves $73.12
as the net ' income to the beet
grower above hand labor costs.
The general average on 16 acres
of beets his year was 18 tons and
the general average 'In 6.5 acres
was 24 tons.
The better yields obtained this
year over last,' according to the
sugar company, were due to the
fact that all the land in the 1926
beet crop was fall plowed and fer
tilized during , the. winter with
plenty of moisture In the subsoil
in the fall. This. gave the young
beet plants a good start, r Early
planting and plenty '-.of seed, at
least 18 to 2d pounds per acre, se
cured a good "stand,; Thinning
weeding and. irrigating were done
in proper time and manner.
The 1927 .yield can be greatly
increased, it is believed; by con
tinned improvement on. the ineth
od treed for Irrigation by leveling
Hunt's Quality Fruits
. Hunt Brothers Packing
- Chh1 lYwiis and
Vrgrtables ,
.. w Main Offirrt 4
a Tine Sliwt, San Francisco
" - " " Canneries:-' v - "
California Hayward, San Jose.
' Los Gatos, Exeter
pregon-HSalera, McilinnvIUe,
3Mbany - . ,
Washington Pnyallnp, Sumner
in Daily Statesman
Drug Garden, May 6
Sugar Beets, Sorghum, Etc.,
May 13, 1927
Watr Powers, May 20
Mining, June 3
Land, Irrigation, Etc, June 10
Floriculture, June 17
Hops, Cabbage, Etc., June 24
Wholesaling and Jobbing,
July 1
Cucumbers, Etc., July 8
Goats, July 22
Schools, Etc., July 29
Khet-p, Aug, 5
National Advertising, Aug. 12
Livestock, August 26
Grain and Grain Products,
Sept. 2
Manufacturing, September 9
Automotive Industries, Sept. 10
Woodworking, Etc., Sept. 23
Paper Mills, Sept. 30
Summary, Oct.. 7 V
-Ilack copies of the Thurs
day, edition of Tbet -Daily Ore-jroir-
Statesman are. on hand.
They are for eale at 10 cents
each, mailed to any address.
Current copies 5 cents.)
the land so water will not "pond"
on the beets and scald them.' This
caused Considerable loss last sea
son. Prize "Winning Growers
CHINOOK, Dec. 10. The Utah
Idaho Sugar company has an
nounced the prize winners in the
19 215 beet crop contest. The
prize of $60 for the best 20 acres
goes to J. W. Ames of Zurich,
who harvested 337.32 tons on 20
acres. His average per acre was
18.66 tons. These beets were de
livered to the North Fork dump.
This contest is limited to growers
raising more than 20 acres of
The prize of $37.50 for the best
1 0 acres was won by James and
Leo Morgan of Zurich. They had
183 toss on a 10 acre tract with
an average per acre of 18.3 tons.
These beets were delivered to the
Madras dump. This contest was
limited to growers growing over
10 acres and under 20 "acres.
For the best five acres with a
prize of $30, Oscar Strande of Zur
ich, was winner. He harvested
91.17 tons or 18.23 .tons an acre
from a five acre tract. His beets
were delivered at the Madras
dump. Competition in this was
limited to growers who raised over
five acres ahd under 10 acres.The
$22.50 prize for the hest one acre
tract was won by Raleigh Barlow
of Cascade, a boy 11 years old.
He prew 20.3 tons from one acre.
He did all the hand labor himself
nd his beets were delivered to
the Cascade damp.
(ChinooK. Montana, where the
factory is located, is . in Blaine
county, next to the Canadian line.
Buy at Director's and save $20
men's all wool suits $9.95 in Di
rector's Downstairs Store. $2.50
slicer pants $1.59: $2.50 slicker
coats $1.59; 60c toe rubbers 19c.
Reduction on all hats- at the
Vanity Hat Shoppe. 387 Court St.
Be sure to see our line of hats be
fore buying. Latest metal doth'
hats just in. . ()
Mr. Used Car nuyer: Have you
seen the real buys at the Capitol
Motors Incorporated? See Biddy
Bishop. 350 N. High St. Tele
ohnnes 2125 and 2126. i
O a k I a n d
Pon t i a c
Sales and Service
High Street mt Tradfdv
"The North Platte Valley Sweetens the Pot," and "The 1926 Sugar Beet Crop Is Big
gest in the History of 'America's Valley of the Nile'" Are the Words Used by the
Writer in His Headlines
(Francis A.' Flood is associate
editor of the Nebraska Farmer,
published at Lincoln in that state.
He recently made a trip through
the sugar beet empire in the wes
tern part of Nebraska, and print
ed in his paper of November 11
several illustrations of the scenes
be witnessed, including a cut of
one of the huge sugar beet factor
ies in operation, and under the
heading. "The .North Platte Val
ley Sweetens the Pot: the 1926
Sugar Beet Crop Is Biggest in the
History of 'America's Valley of
the., Nile, " the following inspiring
article:) .
"We're beet slice slice slice
slicin' in the valley.
An' top top top beet toppin'
in the valley.
Beets beets beets beets
movin' up and down again;
There's no restin' in the season!"
If Rudyard Kipling had lived
through a sugar campaign in the
North Platte valley in western
Nebraska instead of through the
Boer campaign in South Africa,
his famous marching poem
"Boots," dedicated to the English
Tommy Atkins would have been
"beets" dedicated to those equally
romantic "sugar tramps" of beet
fields and sugar factories of the
west end.
"Seven six eleven five nine
an and twenty tons today.
Four- eleven seventeen thirty-
two the day before.
Beets beets beets beets
movin' up and down again;
There's no restin in the season!"
There is certainly no busier
spot in a,ll Nebraska than the ir
rigated region in the North Platte
valley from Bridgeport to Henry,
from September to December
and it's all
"Beets beets beets beets
movin' up and down again.
Men men men men men
go mad with watchin 'em;
An there's no restin' in the sea
son." The fields in that whole coun
try are. full of men, women and
children, Americans, German-Russians
and Mexicans, all topping
and piling beets. The towns are
full of the hundreds of factory
workers and the hundreds of oth
er people that busy business al
Manufacturers of Warm Air
Furnaces, Fruit Drying Stoves,
Smoke Stacks. Tanks, Steel and
Foundry Work, Welding
a Specialty
17th and Oak Sts., Salem, Ore.
C. J. PUGH & CO.
Manufacturers of
Canning Machinery; Grad
ers, Trucks, Etc.
3oO S. 21st St., Salem, Oregon
Kp Your Money in Oregon Bar
Monamenti Mad at Salem. Oregon
J. O. Jones Co., Proprietor
AM Kinds f MonamenUI Work
Factory and Office:
221a B. Coat'L, Opposite I O. O. T.
Cemetery, Bex 21
Fhone 689. SALEH. OBSOH
; Manufacturer of
v - Fountain. SappUes
Salem Phone 20 " Ore.
. Ask Your Grocer.
Over the Article Describing What He Saw on Personal Visit
ways brings. And the roads are
full, jammed full, of thousands
of trucks and beet wagons swarm
ing the highways and byways and
all hauling
"Beets beets beets-- beets
f movin up and down again.
There's no restin in the season!"
(And there isn't.)
I spent a few breath taking days
in the North Platte valley recent
ly, in the height of the beet sea
son, and among other places there
I visited one of the Great Western
Sugar Company's beet dumps near
Scottsbluff, the capital of this su
gar empire. Now a beet dump is
just one little detail in the vast
organization for the handling of
this annual crop and yet, at this
one dump at the time I was there,
a file of beet wagons and trucks
was lined up the full length of a
huge beet pile a quarter of a mile
long and heaped eight feet high,
nearly 20,000 tons of sugar beets
waiting their turn to be made into
sugar. And they told me that be
fore seven o'clock that morning
there had been a hundred loads
hauled in from the farms and
shoveled onto that one pile, and
that the procession kept up all
day long, and for two months or
more during the season.
And this was only one of the
75 similar dumDs. each one cost-
ling about $5,000 to build, that
are kept equally busy within the
comparatively narrow confines of
the North Platte valley irrigated
district, the whole thing a bee
hive of industry, the beatin'est
place for teeming activity that I
have ever seen.
There are six railroad spurs
reaching out like long fingers
among the farms in the territory,
and there is a dump every two or
three miles all along this 56 miles
of spur track. No farmer has to
haul his beets more than three
miles and yet, with an average
We plan and plant (free of
charge), for homes, large or
small, all kinds of ornamental
shrubs, perennials and rockery
plants. Landscape work.
I860 Market St. Phone 1G08-R
"Marion Butter
The Best
More Cows and Better Cows
la the Crying Need
Marion Creamery
& Produce Co.
Salem, Oregon
Phone 2422
"Known for lt QUALITY
Buyers of Best Grade Cream
Our Method: Co-operation
Our Ideal: Tha Best Only .
1ST Booth Commercial Street
. Phoae 299
OPERATING ON A REGTJIR gCHEDTJE-IIandllni; , Merchandise ui Carload Shlnrn.nta
i; Between SALEM and PORTLAND and Way J dg. CrIoa1 slPOoU
- ; SCHEDULE " -
. ,Xffave TOmXAND :0 A. M tfoBd.ym, Tared r m mA Thn.
haul of a little more than a mile,
hundreds of farmers are kept busy
hauling in their beet crop for six
weeks or more every fall. At one
of these dumps, besides the scores
of wagons many of them drawn
by four horses, there 'ere 30
trucks, most of them hauling two
tons to a load and averaging six
loads per day. There were 684
loads hauled in and unloaded in
one single day at one of these beet
dumps this fall.
Needless to say, all the roads
the full length of the irrigated ter
ritory are kept crowded from day
light to dark -with these two-ton
trucks and four horse teams all
hauling beets to the dumps or
factories. A motorist graveling
through finds his hands as full
dodging beet hauling traffic in the
North Platte valley at this season
of the year as he would in dodg
ing street traffic in a large city,
for the roads are full of loaded
and empty wagons and trucks go
ing and coming between farm and
dump. Beet haulers were getting
as high as $125 per month and
board, for work is always plentiful
and wages high during sugar cam
paign in the irrigated sections of
western Nebraska.
Here is what the valley looks
like to a stranger who simply
drives through and sees what he
can on the surface without ask
ing any questions at all: Whole'
What I It?.
Phone 192
Salem Wicker Forfeiture
Mannfactnrtng Co.
We sn Xirect
en sine Btua Bead Qaattty
Kepilrtnc Beflnlaalnf, T7paoUtrlnej
2218 Stat St Balam, Oregon
T. A. Livesley & Co.
Largest Growers. Shippers and Exporters of
Pacific coast hops
Offices: Salem. Oregon and San Francisco,
- California
on Pulp
- Manufacturers of
- ; - . - :
Support Oregon Products J ,
Specify "Salem Made Paper for Your ;
... -;. Office Stationery ;
families of "contract labor" "work
ing, from daylight to dark on e-
ery. little farm; a, wagon and
truck transportation system that
hauls thousands of tons of bulk
farm produce to market every day
for- weeks crowding every dusty
side road and highway to the lim
it; railroad switch engines chug
ging right out into the country
side and picking up traiaload af
ter trainload of beets almost from
the farms themselves; ' a beet
dump every three or four miles.
75 of them In all; and each one
loading several railroad cars a
day and each dump with a few
acres of surplus beets piled eight
feet high on ' the ground waiting
to be moved; five great factories
all within a radius of 15 miles
from the center of the district and
employing a few thousand work
ers who, in their turn, speed up
all the wheels of business and ac
tivity in the busy little towns.
But back of this remarkable
physical appearance itself what
does it aM amount to anyway?
- Nearly. 1,0 00.0 00 tons of sugar
beets were produced within the
narrow borders of this irrigated
valley from Bridgeport to the
Wyoming line,- a little strip of
territory only about 50 miles long
and 15 miles wide and please
bear in mind that an average ton
of beets makes about two and a
half 10D pound bags of sugar. Fig
ure it " out for yourself.
Also bear In mind that the guar
anteed minimum price paid for
beets to the grower this year is
$8 per ton. It Is this 98,000,000
revenue-from the 1926 beet crop
(Continued on page 14.)
It will pay you to take Cf:hi- !
practic Adjustment eivnT i
cording to a Neurocalometer
reading. (Jet your atomach into
bucTT shape that' you can eat
like a normal person. This will
be far better than dieting.
Chiropractic has helped thou
sands who have suffered' from
various forms of stomach trou
ble and in such cases the Cause
was found to bo that of Nerve
Pressure. See your Chiroprac
tor today and you will be Bur
prised to find what this won
derful Science can accomplish
for you.
Remember this:
The NenroeaJometer Locates
Nerve Freeware
Chiropractic Adjustments Re
move Nerve Pressure
Neurocalometer readings
by appointment only
Dr.O.L. Scott. D.C.
236 Nortli Hib Street .
Phone 87 or 828-K
& Paper Go.
; - FOOX OF COCIvr XHEZ3 mgr
SHH BY VtXlOt ad aAV3 pjrnSXENCE?
- ' '